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THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO 
HER MAJESTY'S SIG^N^ET 



A HISTORY OF 



THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO 



HER MAJESTY'S SIGNET 

WITH A LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE 



SOCIETY FROM 1594 TO 1890 AND 



AN ABSTRACT OF THE MINUTES 




EDINBURGH 

Printed for the Society at the University Press 
By T. (Sf A. Constable, Printers to Her Majesty 

1890 



LOAN STACK 



KG(9 
S3S&5 



PREFACE 

On 7th February 1887 a committee was appointed to examine 
the records with a view to preparing a short historical account 
of the society, and was further authorised to prepare a hst of all 
past and present members, with information as to the date of 
their joining the society, the length of their connection with it, and 
any other particulars of interest. The committee appoiated con- 
sisted of Messrs. John Clerk Brodie, C.B., LL.D., late deputy 
keeper, Charles B. Logan, fiscal, now deputy keeper, John T. 
Mowbray, LL.D., treasurer, John Cowan, present fiscal, James Stuart 
Fraser Tytler, LL.D., professor of conveyancing, John Cook, col- 
lector of the widows' fund, Thomas Graves Law, librarian, William 
Forbes Skene, D.C.L., LL.D., James Gordon, John Milligan, WiUlam 
Traquair Dickson, John P. Wood, Patrick W. Campbell, Charles 
Cook, J. W. Fraser Tytler, and Francis J. Grant. Mr. Campbell 
was appointed convener. 

The work then undertaken has now been completed, and the 
thanks of the committee are due to Professor Fraser Tytler, Mr. W. 
Traquair Dickson, Mr. Charles Cook, and Mr. T. G. Law, for their 
labours in connection with the work, and to Mr. F. J. Grant, 
who has prepared the lists of office-bearers and members, and the 
index. 

November 1890. 



327 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



I, HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION- 

1. History of the Society, 

2. The Library, . 

3. The Finances, . 

4. The Widows' Fund, 

5. The Chair of Conveyancing, 

XL LIST OF MEMBERS, . 

III. LIST OF OFFICE-BEARERS, . 

IV. ABSTRACT OF MINUTES, . 



iz 

Ixvi 

Ixxxvi 

xcvii 

cvii 

1 

223 

229 



APPENDIX, 
INDEX, 



455 
461 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Writers' Court, . 
Lower Hall, 
Upper Hall, 
The Tymmer Box, 



fadng p. xliv 
„ Ixxii 
,, Ixxvi 
„ cxxvi 



HISTORICAL mTRODUOTION 



THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO 
HER MAJESTY'S SIGNET 



CHAPTEE I. 
HISTOEY OF THE SOCIETY. 



rpHE Society of Writers to Her Majesty's Signet is an ancient 
-*- and honourable branch of the legal profession in Scotland. 
Long prior to the establishment of the court of session in 
1532, the "wrytaris or clerkis to the signet" existed as a 
society, and they have formed part of the coUege of justice since 
its foundation. 

The members of the society hold office under commission from 
the keeper of the signet, an officer of the crown, who is head of 
the society. The keeper usually acts by deputy ; that is, by a deputy 
keeper and a body of commissioners appointed by the keeper from 
among the members of the society. To the deputy keeper and com- 
missioners are intrusted the making of all acts and statutes for 
the good of the calling, the examination and admission of intrants, 
the trial and punishment of delinquent members, and the general 
administration of the aifairs of the society. 

The writers to the signet are at the present time ordinarily 
employed as conveyancers, as agents practising in the court of 
session, as commissioners and factors on landed estates, and as 
confidential family "men of business," or legal advisers. But 
in virtue of their original profession, from which they derive 

b 



X THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

their title, it is still their exclusive office to sign all writs 
passing the signet, except those requiring the signature of a clerk 
of the court of session or of the clerk of teinds. They have 
also exclusively the right of expeding and carrying through crown 
writs, and of subscribing all notes, writs, and other documents 
relating thereto. 

As members of the college of justice, writers to the signet 
of a certain standing are eligible, along with members of the 
faculty of advocates, for the office of principal clerk of session, 
and, moreover, are by the treaty of union eligible for the bench. 

A society long and intimately connected Avith the procedure 
of the crown and the courts of law, and not a little concerned 
with the development of wealth and of liberal education in the 
country, should possess a record of interest at least to its own 
members. It is the object of the following pages to trace the 
origin and progress of the profession which has given to the society 
its distinctive name, to describe the various duties and privileges 
which have accrued to the body in the course of time, and to tell 
the history of its funds and its library, and its connection with 
the university of Edinburgh and other public institutions. 

Origin of society. The precise origin of the society known as the writers to 

Use o se . -j^qj. majesty's signet cannot be clearly ascertained, but was doubt- 

less nearly coeval with the use of the royal seal or signet as 
the token of authority appended or affixed to documents issued 
in the name of the king. This custom was seemingly borrowed 
from the French, and the earliest tmces of it in Scotland date 
from a period some years after the Norman conquest of England. 
As is well known, before the art of writing became common, 
seals were used by both the king and his subjects as the sign by 
which they authenticated the various documents which passed 
between them and those with whom they dealt either in the 
affairs of state or in those of private life. Not only writs passing 



HISTOllY OF THE SOCIETY xi 

between sovereigns, but those used in commercial or private 
business were sealed ; and even in ecclesiastical transactions, 
although the clergy were the chief scribes, seals were used in 
place of, or in addition to, written subscriptions. 

For the purposes of state, from a comparatively early peiiod Koyai seals used 
of Scottish history four seals were used. These were : 

First, The great seal, which, so far as records inform us, appears 
to have been the earliest in use. It was used for authenticating 
royal grants of land in the form of charters and confirmations 
of dispositions by subjects. It was also adhibited to protections, 
summonses of treason, decrees of forfeiture by parHament and 
similar writs. From the time of king David i. it was vinder 
the care of the king's chancellor. 

Second, The quarter seal, known also as " the testimony 
of the gTeat seal," frequently appended to precepts from chanceiy 
for infefting crown vassals in their lands, also to commissions and 
similar writs, which were likewise issued under the great seal. It 
does not appear to have been used much before the reign of king 
James iv. 

Third, The privy SEAL, found in use in the reign of king 
David II., and probably of earlier date. It was attached to writs 
affecting persons, such as presentation to benefices, remissions for 
crime, gifts of escheat, etc. It also was under the care of a 
special officer, known as lord privy seal. 

Fourth, The sionet, probably at first the king's own seal, worn 
on his finger, and adhibited by himself to his correspondence 
and other documents of a private nature. It came to be used , 
in more public matters, and for documents authorising writs to 
be passed imder the other seals. This seal was consigned to the 
care of a particular ofiicer of state known as the secretary or lord 
secretary. 

It is from the last-named seal that the society takes its dis- Office of secretary : 
tinctive appellation, and its earlier members were those who writers to the signet. 



xii THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

acted as clei'ks in the office of the king's secretary. This officer 
was not, like his successors of later times, merely a secretary of 
state intrusted with political and executive business. He was 
the king's right hand at the pen, the issuer of the royal manuscript 
authority, whether for the ends of state policy, for transactions of 
law, or for private purposes. His clerks were engaged in conducting 
the public and private correspondence of the sovereign, and, as 
the signet was the badge of the secretary's office, his assistants 
came to be styled, and are styled in early records, " wryttaris to 
the king's singnet." 
Their duties. But the work of the writers to the king's signet was not 
confined to dealing with the royal correspondence, however im- ' 
portant that might be. It was their duty to prepare all warrants 
for charters or grants to be passed under either the great seal or 
the privy seal, such warrants being called from an early period 
" signatures," because they bore the signet of the king. In 
later times the clerks of the signet signed summonses and other 
writs pertaining to the supreme court of justice, which affected 
the person or estate of any of the king's lieges. All such documents 
ran in the form of letters from the king, and were addressed, in the 
case of signatures, to the chancellor or lord privy seal, and in the 
other cases, to officers of the law, or to faithful subjects. In this 
form all such writs were authenticated by the signet, and it became 
the exclusive privilege of the members of the society to prepare or 
sign them. 
A. D. 1532. Before 1532 the signet alone was the mark of the king's 

authority, but after that date the writer was required to sign the 
writ, not to add weight to the royal signet, but to make him in- 
dividually responsible to the king for the use of it. When 
application was made by a subject for the issue of a writ against a 
fellow-subject for the recovery of a debt, or for the redress of a 
wrong, a writer to the signet, acting as the king's deputy, 
made due inquiry as to the justice or reasonableness of the 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY xiii 

demand. If he then deemed it proper, he issued the required 
letters in the king's name, and passed them under the signet, 
a privilege confined to the members of this society. The functions 
of a writer to the signet were therefore in early times entirely of 
an official nature, and so continued down to the beginning of last 
century. 

It will be evident, however, from what has been said, that this Early notices 
society can claim a very ancient descent. The earliest recorded ° ^ *'^^ ' 
reference to the signet is in the year 1369, when Walter of Ward- 
law, who is the first office-bearer recognised by the society, was 
the "king's clerk" or secretary. Nevertheless the signet must 
have been in use some time previous to that period. Thus in 1369 
and in 1371 parliament enacted that no minister of state should 
execvite any mandate directed to him under the great seal, the privy 
seal, or the private signet, if such mandate were in prejudice of any 
person, contrary to statute or common law.' On this, as on other 
points of Scottish histoiy, the scantiness of early records denies us 
full information. But whatever the date at which a royal signet 
began to be used in Scotland, the fact that the secretary was 
known as the king's clerk, and that the writers to the signet were 
his assistants, indicates that the members of this society are the 
professional successors of those officials who, in the earlier period 
of Scottish history, were known as the king's clerks. 

The very first of these clerks on record, who has left his name on The king's 
the writ with an appellation foreshadowing the professional title of °^^ ' 
this society, is Grento, who wrote the earliest charter known to exist 
connected with Scotland. This is the charter granted in 1098 by 
king Duncan ii., son of king Malcolm Canmore, conferring certain 
lands in East Lothian upon the monks of St. Cuthbert." The 
authenticity of this writ, which was long disputed, is now fully 
admitted ; and in it, along with the royal seal and the crosses or 

' Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vol. i. = Original among Coldingham charters at 

pp. 535, 547. Durham. 



xiv THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

marks appended by the king and his nobles, is to be seen the mark 
" Grentonis scribtoris," of Grento the ivriter, who penned the charter, 
and who also wrote at their respective crosses the names of the 
granter and the witnesses. 

The next notice of the king's clerks which can be cleai'ly proved 
is in the time of king WiUiam the Lion, 1165-1214, who had 
several " clerks." It may be asserted that these were ecclesiastics, 
1)ut it would appear that all were not so, as we read of Michael, one 
of king William's clerks, who held the estate of Wymet or Woolmet, 
near Dalkeith, and he possessed also the small estate of Gilbert- 
ston, now rej^resented by the farm of Brunstane, near Joppa. 
Michael of Woolmet had several children, among whom his estates 
were divided. 

King William's grandson, Alexander iii., had at least three 
clerks, one of Avhom was Thomas "de Carnoto," a prominent 
member of the family of Charteris, if not one of its direct 
ancestors. He was afterwards made chancellor, and has been 
claimed as the first layman appointed to that office.^ 

The troublous times of the next century deprive us of several 
links of the chain ; but from the time of king David ii. and 
of Walter of Wardlaw we meet with frequent references to the 
king's clerks. King James i. had several, but it does not appear 
that any of them were very distinguished. 
Sir John Rede In the time of king James iii., however, we find among 

the clerks to the secretaiy, one who has left a pleasing character 
behind him, sir John Rede, popularly known as " Stobo," perhaps 
from the place of his birth, or because he Wiis vicar of that 
parish, which was a prebend of Glasgow cathedral. He is also 
described as rector of Kirkchrist, probably the parish in Galloway 
so called. He held oftice in the reign of king James ii., or 
prior to 1460, and in 1473 received from James iii. a recognition 

^ Some uncertainty exists as to whether man, as the references to liiin are very inde- 
Thomas Charteris was a churchman or a lay- finite. 



alias Stobo. 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY xv 

of his services in a pension of £20 a year. He is described 
as serving the king and his father in writing letters to the 
pope, and to various kings, princes, and magnates beyond the 
kingdom ; a statement which confirms the view taken of the work 
done by the earher clerks to the signet. It is interesting also to 
note that this pension was to repay his outlays for parchment, paper, 
red wax and white, and other expenses incurred regarding the 
documents written by him.'^ At a later date we hear of his being 
sent by king James iv. on a mission to England along with Walter 
Chepman, afterwards named. He was known as a poet, and is men- 
tioned by Walter Kennedy as a personal friend of William Dunbar, 
who, in the Lament for the tnakars, mourns that death 

" hes tane last of aw, 
Gild gentill Stobo, and Quintyne Schaw." 

A colleague of sir John Rede, more celebrated than he, was Walter Chepman, 
Walter Chepman, the founder of Scottish printing. He was a ' ''" '"^'" *"^' 
wealthy and influential merchant burgess of Edinburgh, but is also 
described as one of the clerks of the king's secretary, intrusted 
with the keeping of the signet. He is the first "writer to the 
king's signet," fonnally so styled. Chepman was high in the 
favour of king James iv., and in conjunction with Andrew Myllar, a 
bookseller in Edinburgh, embarked on a joint printing enterprise in 
the year 1507, under a patent of monopoly from the king. Myllar 
furnished the practical experience while Chepman supplied the 
capital. Their printing office was in the Cowgate, in a property 
belonging to Chepman, at the foot of Blackfriars' wynd. His 
own house stood in the High Street, just at the top of the same 
wynd. 

In 1505 Walter Chepman bought the lands of Ewerland in the 
parish of Cramond ; and in 1509 he purchased, from James Ward- 
law of Riccarton the estate of Priestfield, now Prestonfield, near 

' Exchequer Rollt, vol. yiij. p, 315. 



\ 



xvi THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

Edinburgh. In 1514 and 1515 he was dean of guild of Edinburgh. 
He has left to our times a memorial of his piety and public 
spirit in the aisle which he built on the south side of St. Giles' 
church; in which also, in 1313, he endowed an altar dedicated 
to St. John the evangelist. In 1528, he likewise erected a 
chapel of the Holy Rood, at the foot of St. GUes' kirkyard, 
adjoining the Cowgate. This he endowed for masses to be said 
constantly for the repose of the souls of king James v., the founder 
(himself), his deceased wife Maviot Kirkettill, and his second wife 
Agnes Cockburne, but more especially for the souls of the late 
king James iv. and those who had fallen with him at Flodden. 
Chepman died about 1532, and was buried in his own aisle in 
St. Giles', where the late Dr. WilUam Chambers erected a tablet 
to his memory. His eldest son by his second wife, David, who 
predeceased his father, was a merchant and bookbinder in Edin- 
burgh. William Chepman, another of the family, was a writer to 
the signet. 

John Chepman of " Schelis," a nephew of Waltei-, who succeeded 
to his uncle's estates in 1532, was also a member of the society. In 
1537 he granted an annuity in supplement of his uncle's endowmeut 
of St. John's altar in St, Giles'. His wife's name was Isobel 
Henderson. 
Sir John Beiienden. Aiiothei' early member of the society, who is also particularly 
described as a writer to the king's si^et, was John Bannatyne or 
Beiienden, for the name is variously spelt. Iii 1528 he was secretary 
to Archibald, sixth earl of Angus, and after the death of king 
James v. was made justice clerk and director of chancery. Other 
names of writers about the same period, and up to the date when 
a formal list has been preserved, might be given. The most 
prominent however have been mentioned, and suffice to show that 
writers or clerks to the king's signet existed from a very early 
period of Scotland's official history. »,[ 

It is in the time of Walter Chepman, or about the years from 1490 



HISTOKY OF THE SOCIETY xvii 

to 1494, that we first meet with the term " writares of the singnet " 
applied to the clerks of the secretary's office as a body. The 
notices appear in the accounts of the treasurer of Scotland. In 
one case king James iv. orders gratuities to be given to the 
" wrytaris of the signete " for "thare drink siluer" for writing letters. 

Community of calling fonned in the middle ages a great bond 
of union among those who pursued any employment requiring 
special knowledge or skUl. By it the trading guilds were bound 
together for common action and self-government. On the followers 
of the law it exercised a like power. Besides an acquaintance with 
general business, the calling of the writers to the signet required 
a knowledge of the forms of law and conveyancing, a mastery of 
the art of penmanship, and familiarity with the Latin tongue — 
at that time at least a living language. It was almost a necessity 
of the life of those times that fellow-workera thus associated 
should be united in a society or brotherhood. There is no 
authentic evidence of such an incorporation, but, however they 
were organised, the writers to the signet formed a little community 
to whose pens were intrusted many of the chief business affairs 
of the country. It is also worthy of note that while the followers 
of art, science, law, medicine, and the teaching profession still wore 
the priest's gown, in the "booths" of the early writers to the king's 
signet there began that lay professional life which bulks so largely 
in our modern world. 

It is stated, in some of the proceedings of the society, that its The society »nd 
members in early times, in addition to their duties in the secretary's "^""'^ °^ session, 
office, acted as clerks in the old courts of judicature known as the 
lords of council, the lords auditors, the session and the daily council, 
as well as to the privy council. There is not, however, sufficient 
information extant to give an exact description of the connection 
which existed between the writers to the signet and these ancient 
courts; but in 1532, when, with the exception of the privy council, 
they were all superseded by the court of session, the relation of the 



xviii THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

writers to the signet to the new judicature is more clearly defined. 
They henceforth formed a part of the legal establishment styled the 
college of justice, and the members of the society were called to the 
work of clerks in the new court. The lord clerk register, under the 
title of " clerk of the registrie, roUis, and of counsale," was made 
chief clerk of the session, and under him the writers to the signet 
became clerks of court. ^ 

The court met in the council hall in the old tolbooth of Edin- 
burgh. There was but one acting clerk at each sitting. He was 
designed the clerk of council, a title in which may be traced a survival 
of the defunct court of the lords of council, or perhaps a recognition 
of the writer's office as clerk to the king's secret council, of which 
that court was a branch. The clerk of council was chosen by 
rotation from among the writers to the signet,* and, in respect of 
that arrangement, the lord clerk register retained the right of 
nominating the clerks of session until 1728, when the patronage 
was first reserved in a commission then issued to Alexander, earl of 
Marchmont. A single survival of the connection of the clerks of 
court with the clerk register's office remains at the present time 
in the clerks of session being required to act as the lord clerk 
register's deputies at elections of Scottish representative peers. 

While one member only of the society thus acted at a time as clerk 
of court, all writers to the signet were entitled to be present in 
court during the hearing and decision of causes. The importance of 
this privilege will be understood when it is remembered that the court 
of session, in early times, like the parliament of Paris, upon which 
it was largely modelled, did not admit the public to its meetings.^ 

' It may be noted that in 1524, owing to the appears Irom an act of the lords of council, 

troubled state of politics in Scotland, the lord dated the 14th of February 1530, about two 

clerk register was, for a time, made the cus- years before the new court was instituted, 

todier of all the seals, including the signet, which orders that, "Fra tyme the chancelar 

until proper officers were appointed, and lords entir in the tolbuth, yat na manner 

' Mackenzie (1716), vol, i. p, 247 ; Bankton of man remane yrin hot advocats and sic able 

(1752), vol. ii. p, 494. men to leir practik as sail pleiss the chancelare," 

' How strict the rule was on this subject "Yat the massers keips the counsale house 



HlSTOllY OF THE SOCIETY'-'-' xix. 

In the act of parliament by which the court of session was Regulations for 
established, there is no reference to the clerks of court or of the ^i^^et.^ *1532! 
signet, but in the first act of sederunt of the new judicature, passed 
on the 27th of May 1532, there are vai-ious provisions regulating the \i,u 

working of the members of the society. Among other things, it ■'"'"'^* ** '" 
is enacted, " that all clerkis of the signet be sworne to exerse yair 
oflSces lauchfuUie and diligentlie, and nane of yame sail reveil nor 
mak manifest to ony man quhat they writt or dois for ane uther, bot 
sail keip all closs and secrete. Item, yat na clerk of ye signet tak 
mair for ye writtin of an bill bot aucht pennies, and for the writtin 
of an lettre apoun ane decrete of the lordis and deliverance bot, 
twentie pennies, nor for nane uther letter mair yan was usit in our 
soveran lordis tyme yat last decessit, quhome God assolze, under 
the pane of tinsale of his office. Item, yat nane fruster ane uther 
of his labours and proffit, yat everilk clerk of the signet yat 
writtis ony bills mark ye samin with his awin name in ye bill 
within." 

In the thirty-ninth act of the fourth parliament of king 
James v., which met at Edinburgh on the 7th day of June 1535, 
"it is ordanit" anent justice ayres, i.e. justiciary cii'cuit courts, 
"yat in tymes cuming ye keipers of ye signet sail ansuer na 
lettres for calling of ony personis and parties to sic particvdar 
diettes bot gif ye samin be subscrivit with the clerk writer to 
the signet " (clerk of court) " and justice clerk and his deputes." 

Lord Stair informs us that the writers to the signet " are 
every year publicly called and commanded to keep the accustomed 

dure in yis manner, yat is to say, yat the dur to be wai'dit, and yreftir punist at our plessour, 

stand oppin, and twa of yame, ane on ilk syde for thair disobedience." 

at the uter dur, uyer twa, ilk ane of yaim at " Geif ony persoun forsaid, be toUerance of 

ye iumest dur, and ane masser to be on the the chancellar and lords, remains within the 

flure within, to call and do as the chaucelar counsale house in tyme yat ony mater is put 

commands him. And that na man entir but in disputatioun, yat yai be sworn not to revele 

leif of the chaucelar, fra tyme yat yai be ye oppunzeouns and arguments of ye lords 

commandit to byde furth, under the pane of havand votis, and geif ye contrar be attendit 

warding of thair personns, and geif yai dissobey, upon yaim, yai never to half entrens agace. " 



ix 



THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 



Multiplicatiou 
of the signet. 



First iniuutes, 
1594. Com- 
mission by lord 
secretary. 



styles."^ What this ceremony was it seems impossible to ascertain. 
Nor does it appear whether it was the court or the lord clerk 
register who gave this annual charge to the writera. 

But though the writers or clerks to the signet were thus 
subject to the lord clerk register as regarded the business of the 
court of session, they stUl retained their relations to the Lord 
secretary, who was the original head of their body. An episode in 
the history of the signet in the year 1541 reveals the fact that this 
token of authority had been multiplied. In the beginning of that 
year a thief had misappropriated the royal signet, the seal used 
in the king's own business. To remedy this, king James v., in a 
letter passed under the privy seal, wrote to the secretary, stating 
the necessity of having three small signets for service in the session 
and justiciary courts, and for the king's " awne directionis," and 
desiring him to order a third signet to be made in place of the 
one that had been stolen, to be used in the king's work. He was 
directed also to "reform" or remodel the three other signets, great 
and small, by advice of the council. It is thus evident that the 
use of the signet was extended, and so also was the business of its 
officials. The institution of the college of justice, with all that 
had taken place affecting its proceedings and officials, was ratified 
by parliament in the year 1540, and since its foundation the writers 
to the signet have been members of the college. Among their 
privileges as such wei'e exemption from payment of certain taxes, 
and the right of suing or being sued only in the supreme court. 
The former right led in later times to many disputes between 
the society and the city authorities of Edinburgh. 

Nothing specially important is on record bearing on the history 
of the society for the next half century, but in 1594 we are 
enabled to chronicle its doings by the aid of its own minutes, 
which are preserved from that date. They begin with the 
narrative of a commission granted by sir Richard Cockburne of 

' stair's Institutions, iv. 3. 32. 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY xxi 

Clerkingtoun, lord secretary, in favour of Mr. John Layng, his 
depute, and keeper of the signet, and eighteen other members of 
the society appointed as commissioners. The lord secretary directs 
them, or any nine of them conjunctly (the depute keeper of the 
signet being always one), to convene whenever they think it ex- 
pedient, and to take order with "all abuses, falsities, and in- 
formalities in their vocation, committit or to be commit, by any 
ordinaiy member and brother thereof, master and servant," and 
they are to remedy all such. They are also " to conclude, determine, 
and sett doun all actis, statutis, and ordinancis necessare, under 
the panes of deprivatioune simpliciter of office, suspensioun, and 
pecuniall panes accordingly to the wechtiness of the offence." 
The commissioners are likewise to make and enforce all needful 
regulations concernmg the trial of the qualifications of such as 
shall be presented by the lord secretary for admission to the 
society, and to prescribe the manner of their admission. In the 
event of vacancies arising among the commissioners through death, 
or otherwise, their places were to be filled up by others " of the 
maist ancient and best qualified ordinare" writers to the signet. 
The commissioners also in that year specially " ratifies and appreives 
all and quhatsumevir acts maid of befoir in ony tyme bigane pre- 
ceiding the dais heirof be yair predicessouris and pi'omittis, to hald 
hand to ye observing zairof according to gude conscience." 

Such are the main provisions of the earliest commission extant Evidence as to 
in the records of the society, and it is of special interest because the ^"go J" °****"''°° 
tenor of it is suggestive of an established style from which it is 
evident that the constitution and governing body of the society were 
then fixed virtually as they exist at present. The king's secretary, 
or lord secretary, was their recognised chief, and his depute was the 
acting head of the society, while the commissioners appointed by 
the secretaiy discharged the same duties towards the body as now. 
It appears also from the minutes that such commissions were 
renewed from time to time, or were ratified by successive lord 



xxii THE SOCIETY OF WKITEKS Tp THE SIGNET 

secretaries, generally about the date of their respective appointments. 
Thus in 1596 lord Menmure confirms the preceding commission ; 
in 1598 lord Balmerino ratifies the acts, and in 1610 sir Alexander 
Hay deals in the same way with the commission. In 1612 a new 
commission in like terms was granted by the famous sir Thomas 
Hamilton, afterwards first earl of Haddington ; again, an imperfect 
one was issued by him in 1626, perhaps left incomplete because 
of his retirement about that date. Other such writs by various 
secretaries are noted from time to time, but those above mentioned 
are sufficient to indicate the practice. The style of each was 
like that of its predecessor. • w 

Bye-laws, 1594. The whole of the commissioners named by sir Richard Cockburn 

in 1594 did not accept office, but those who did so drew up a set 
of bye-laws for the government of the society, called in the 
name of their chief, " my lord secretares injunctiones," but in part 
at least the result of their own deliberations. These bye-laws are 
deserving of careful study. It is specially noteworthy that they 
contain stipulations limiting the number of the society's members. 
Thus it is ordained that " no one shall be admitted to the signet 
nor to the use of the office thereof but by the decease of one of the 
brethren ordinary writers of the signet, and then to receive the son, 
servant, or apprentice of the person deceased." But this rule not 
appearing strict enough, the commissioners proceed to Umit the future 
number of members to twenty-four. In doing so they show an earnest 
desire for the welfare of the society ; they call to mind " the treuth 
and honestie of thair predecessouris, ordinary writtaris to the 
signet, quhilk proceidit upoun thair feu nummer, and now be the 
admissioun of ane multitude thair is drawin upoun the maist pairt of 
thaime povertie, and, be the said povertie [they] ar the reddier to 
be inducit to committ falsettis," for which reason the commissioners 
recommend a reduction of the number. The exceptions to this pro- 
vision in favour of those who were not held to be ordinary members, 
show us the offices held at that time by the members of the society. 



HISTOEY OF THE SOCIETY ''• :'Tiri xxiii 

"Undir this act sail nawyis be comprehendit the ordiner clerkis 

befoir the sessioun, secretare, depute keipare of the signet, clerkis 

to the justiciarie, and clerk depute of the secreit counsale." ^ 

In a letter from the lord secretary (sir Alexander Hay) to the 

deputy keeper, read at a general meeting on the 8 th of November 

1609, the same anxiety for the high standing of the society is 

manifested. His lordship says : " The multitude of wryttaris to the 

signet haffing bred amange thame selffis disordour, and thairwith 

occasioned disdaine and contempt of that place, whiche in former 

tymes wes in so muche credite, is a matter no les grevious unto me 

than to thame who feillis more sensiblye the smart of it. The too 

haistye desyre of many men to be maisteris hes maid sume of thame Jj 

servanttes, and no doubt want of employment bringing with it 

povertie wUl produce sone such errours to fall in thair handis as may 

much disgrace the place." Accordingly it is to be the society's aim 

to limit its membership, and thereby to protect alike the interests of 

the public and the privileges of the favoured twenty-four members. 

As a means towards this end, the secretary recommends the deputy 

keeper and commissioners to use great strictness in dealing with 

deUnquents, whom they are required to deprive or suspend. " Lett 

not preposterous pitie heirefter," says he, "move ather you or 

thame to spair or mitigate the punishment imposed, that so, 

quhome dewtie can not move, feare sail inforce to walk warlie in 

their calling." 

Another act, of 13th February 1613, has also a bearing upon the Regulations ■ 
status of the society, and is typical of others of the same character, bus^ess!^'^* 
It aims at limiting the writers to the signet to their own calling, and 
preventing their engaging in more general business, as, in earlier 
times, sir John Rede, Walter Chepman, and other members of the 
society had done. "My lord secretar and his commissioneris, 

' On the 14th of November, in the following until the whole number of the society be 
year also, the lord secretary promises that he reduced to twenty-fouv. 
will nowise admit any person to the signet 



strife. 



xxiv THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

understanding that sindrie of the craftls of the burgh of Edinburgh 
ar burdening sum of the wryteris to the signet to becum thair 
clerkis, and to keip thair assemblies and meetingis, contrare to 
equitie and ressoun, and to the reputatioun of the saidis wryteris, 
quhais calling hes evir bene repute mair honourabill nor thairwith to 
becum clerkis to sic inferior callings," therefore " it sail nawyis be 
lesum " to the members of the society to accept any such clerkship, 
but they are " to attend and serve our soverane lordis lieges in the 
said vocatioun of wryting to the signet, quhairby the samin be not 
disgracit with the saidis base and unworthie clerkshipis, vmder pane 
of deprivatioun." 
Rules against Another point of interest in the regulations of 1594 is the care 

taken to prevent any strife arising in the brotherhood, a character- 
istic feature of the old life of such societies. "The commissioneris, 
remembering the grite unitie and gude concord standing amangis the 
haill brethrene, ordinare writteris to the signet, (praisit be God,) 
and willing the samyn to incres and continew, thairfoir statutes and 
ordanis that gif ony of the brethrene being pursewit or accusit of 
ane uthir brother for contravenying of the actis sal happin to minass 
or injure utheris," by word or deed, he shall, for the first fault, be 
suspended " ay and quhill he have satisfeit the partie oflPendit, and 
forder induring the saidis commissioneris willis " ; and for the second 
fault he shall be deprived of his office " in all tyme cuming, but ony 
favour or restitutioun to be grantit to him thairfor," In 1656, 
likewise, a similar penalty of suspension was imposed on any brother 
threatening or injuring another, in addition to payment of a fine 
of £20 to the " box," or common fund of the society, and for every 
subsequent fault a second suspension with the fine doubled toties 
quoties. Offended parties also are required to carry their grievances 
to the commissioners for redress under a penalty of £10 to the " box." 
It is pleasing in this connection to note that although the 
writers to the signet grew, in the seventeenth century, to be a body 
of considerable size, the old feeling of brotherhood continued to be 



HISTOEY OF THE SOCIETY xxv 

loyally cherished, and any slight offered to a member was regarded 
as an offence against the society. Hence such acts as that passed 
in 1647, "that everie wryter being warnit to anotheris buriall, his 
wyff or chyldrene, and refuisand or being absent, sail pay 12s." 
There was also a due sense maintained of the dignity and interests 
of the calling. Thus, in 1610, the commissioners ordered that "no 
ordinary writer in time of session be found drinking in taverns." 
Again, in 1658, Patrick Wilson is suspended on confessing to 
" the exercesing of ane uther office and imployment at Kirkaldie, 
by being ane waiter." His chief offence, however, at that time 
of Enghsh domination was, perhaps, that he had received for his 
unprofessional labours a "sallarie" from "the Englishes." In the 
same year, John Alexander was suspended because of conduct 
injurious to the calling, in that he had carried on business " at ane 
feckless and unworthie pryce, below the ordinar rait of wry ting." 

In the early minutes, with the same laudable end of keeping intrants, 
the society select, are many entries relating to the examination 
of intrants, and the testing of their knowledge and fitness 
for the calling. In 1594, it is provided that new members 
shall be admitted only "in public conventioun eftir examinatioun 
and try all." That this was carefully seen to would appear from 
the cautious finding given in on the 3d of November 1606, when the 
examinators report that Thomas Crombey "wes, in sum reasonabil 
maner, qualifeit to the office." In 1609, it is further appointed 
that intrants must receive the support of two-thirds of the com- 
missioners in order to render their election valid. 

For a similar reason, and also for the public safety, the society Fraud, 
took many precautions to prevent fraud. Among other proposed 
remedies the brethren, in 1647, ordained "ane bulk to be maid 
quharin every wryter to the signet saU gif up the names of thair 
haill prenteissis and servandis, that thair names may be inroUit in 
that bulk, and ane lytill pateme of thair hand writt insert thairin, 
1^0 be conferrit with thair letteris sent to the signet." 

d 



xxvi THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

These and several other entries in the minutes give us some idea 
from its own earliest extant records, of the internal economy of the 
The signet societj. Those poiuts of its history, however, which were affected 

civii"war/ ^7 outside events are not unworthy of notice, and may be briefly 
touched upon until we reach the present century. It is observable 
that the minutes show scarcely any traces of the troubled times 
which came upon the country in the reign of king Charles i., or 
of the excitement which attended the ecclesiastical and political 
dispvites between that monarch and his Scottish subjects. But 
while the society records nothing of the matter, it may not be 
irrelevant to notice certain adventures which befell the badge of 
office from which it took its name, and which must have affected 
at least temporarily the society itself In 1640, we learn that 
the proper signet had been carried off to England, and some incon- 
venience was felt for the want of it. To meet the difficulty an act 
of sederunt was passed by the court of session, and ratified by 
parliament, declaring that all summonses, letters, charges, suspen- 
sions, signatures, or other writs which usually passed under the 
signet, were to be presented to Mr. George Halden, W.S., who 
should, at the place where the wax was placed, sign a wai'rant for 
the writ passing the necessaiy seals, though not signeted. For this 
the usual fee for the signet was to be paid and to be made forth- 
coming to the secretary, or, in his absence, to his keeper of the 
- signet. The act further prohibited, under penalties, the keeper of 
the signet from taking that or any seal furth of Scotland.^ 

At a later date, in 1644, we find that the signet was affected by 
the proceedings of the extreme covenanting party, who were then 
gaining power. Because William Hamilton, earl of Lanark, then 
secretary, had not signed the covenant, he was accounted "an 
enemy to religion," and the " benefite of the signet " was arrested or 
closed in the hands of Mr. Harry Maule, his depute, the result being 
that no writs could pass for the time.^ The earl, however, sQoft 

> Acts of Parliamenf, vol. v. p. 269. ^ Ibid. vol. vi. part i. p. 89. oi 



HISTORY OP THE SOCIETY xxvii 

afterwards took the required oath, and the arrestment was removed. 
About the same time the secretary addressed a petition to parlia- 
ment, which narrates another adventure of the signet. He stated 
first that sir James Galloway (master of requests in England) had 
usurped his place as secretary ; alleging some difference between a 
secretary and a secretary of state, and had obtained letters from 
the king requiring the Scottish council to acknowledge sir James as 
secretary, which the coimcil found to be a gi-eat wrong and pre- 
judicial to the kingdom as interfering with the elections of officers of 
state. Lord Lanark declared that he was sole secretary of state 
for Scotland, appointed by the king (Charles i.), who had handed 
him the signet in open parliament. He stated further that while he Signet in open 
was in close prison at Oxford, the signet had been taken from him 
by the English secretaries and given to sir Robert Spottiswood, 
whose loyalty to the covenant was much suspected. The earl 
desired to have it affirmed that he was the secretary, which petition 
the parliament duly granted.^ The narrative of the presentation of 
the signet to its official custodier is of considerable interest, as, 
although this seems to be the only case recorded, the king probably 
followed a long-established precedent. 

The earl of Lanark remained secretary until his loyalty to king The civil war. 
Charles and the defeat of the army of the " Engagement " drove him 
from office and then from the kingdom. His place was taken, in 
March 1649, by William, earl of Lothian. Previous to his appoint- 
ment, and after the death of king Charles i., the signet, with other 
seals, had been placed in the chancellor's custody, and parliament 
ordered the signet of the late king to be used in his successor's 
reign. Afterwards, in open parliament, it was handed to the 
marquis of Argyll on behalf of the new secretary, who, however, 
did not hold it long. The success of the English invasions in 
1650 and 1651 led to a complete overturn of the government of 
Scotland, and the office of lord secretary and keeper of the signet 

' Acta (if Parliament, vol. vi. part i, p. 182. 



xxviii THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

fell into abeyance. The country had no longer a separate and 
independent administration, and there was no place for many of the 
old officials. In 1652 the court of session was set aside, and in its 
stead came the commissioners for the administration of justice in 
Scotland, a body appointed by the EngUsh executive, and holding 
office during pleasure. Several Scottish lawyers of eminence, one or 
two of whom had been lords of session, were placed upon the 
commission, but its number was made up by the appointment of 
Englishmen, whose chief qualification seems to have been a firm 
adherence to the new government. The court, which had no 
president, was modelled upon a different system from that which it 
H had superseded. The college of justice became for the time a tradition 

rather than a reality, and the society could no longer be designed 
as the writers to his majesty's signet. The constitution of the court 
of the commissioners was foreign, arbitrary, and subversive of the 
ancient traditions and liberties of the land, yet it has left behind it 
a good reputation for industry, and for the fairness of its decisions, 
due probably to the upright character of some of its leading members. 
Commissioners The Commissioners of justice issued a commission in 1654 

theT*'?!*"'^ appointing as deputy keeper of the signet an Englishman named 
Samuel Mosley, who seems to have been a kinsman of Edward 
Mosley, one of their own number. Evidently the office had lain 
for some time vacant, or at least dormant, as appears from an 
entry requiring writers who have been admitted since 1652 to pay 
Mr. Mosley the casualty belonging to his place, which " his pre- 
decessors, keepers of the signet, were in use to receive of befoir." 
In 1655 the salary of the keeper was reduced from £140 to £100. 
A new commission, recorded in 1657, proceeds from sir WUliam 
Lockhart, younger of Lee, one of his highness' council in 
Scotland.^ By it, sir William's brother, Mr. John Lockhart, 
afterwards lord Castlehill, was appointed keeper, and a letter 

' Sir William Lockhart was a well-known Protector, whose niece, Robina Shouster, he 
friend and political adviser of the Lord married. 



HISTOKY OF THE SOCIETY xxix 

of acceptance from him is recorded along with the commission. 
In 1658 a new name appears, that of Mr. James Crawfurd. He is 
always called deputy keeper, although there does not seem to 
have been any principal keeper between lord Lothian and the 
duke of Lauderdale, who was appointed in 1660.* 

There is no mention in the minutes of sir Peter Wedderburn, The society 
afterwards lord Gosford, whose commission as deputy keeper was restoration, 
dated 28th August 1660. On the 17th of November following, 
a commission was produced, granted by John, earl of Lauderdale, 
principal secretary of state for Scotland, appointing " Mr. WilUam 
Schax'pe keeper depute of his majesty's signet."^ The first 
proceeding of the new deputy keeper was to cause the society's 
officer to be admitted of new to his post, evidently on the ground 
that all proceedings which had been taken during the former 
administration wei'e invalid. The officer, having been sworn, was 
forthwith ordered " to warn James Allan, late treasurer, Mr. George 
Cruickshank, late clerk, and William E,os, late proctirator fiscal 
to the commissioners, writers to the signet in the time of the 
late usurpers, to appear before the commissioners on Monday 
the 19th inst., and the said clerk to produce the book of register 
in his custody." At a meeting, held two days later, the clei'k, 
treasurer, and procurator fiscal compeared as commanded. Mr. 
George Cruickshank was then discharged from office, and declared 
to be no longer clerk ; the fiscal was dealt with in the same 
way ; and James Allan received a new appointment as treasurer 
" and keeper of the public box." Thus all the office-bearers 
were summarily deprived of their old appointments. The officer 
was next ordered " to warn all writers to the signet, and all 
others pretending to be so dimng the late usurpation, to be at 

' Incidental notices of the signet during this - Mr. William Sharp was brother of Mr. 

period inform us that in 1655 a signet for James Sharp, minister of Crail, who a month 

Scotland was engraved by an English artist, after this date was appointed archbishop of 

Thomas Symous, and sent north in 1656 with St. Andrews, 
the other seals. 



XXX THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

the meeting of the commissioners to-morrow, at ten o'clock, in 
the parliament hall." On the following day, the 20th of November, 
the commissioners met again, and with them a great number of 
other writers, " and also of those pretending they had liberty to 
be writers to the signet during the usurpation." Mr. Sharp then 
required them all to exhibit to him their warrants of admission, 
upon either of the two following days, discharging all those not 
lawfully admitted by the lords' secretaries for the time," or by 
such " as had power from his majesty, or his royal progenitors, 
from exercising the office of writer to the signet, at their peril." 
Those writers who had been admitted between 1608 and 1650 
produced their commissions on the 21st and 2 2d of November, 
which were then mmuted and returned. There appear, however, 
to have been about twenty-five members of the society, admitted 
after 1650, whose commissions were now declared void by reason 
of failure to have them formally renewed. In the course of the 
following year, eighteen of these members were admitted of new, 
the minutes stating that they had been formerly apprentices to 
such and such a member of the society. Upon paying their fees a 
second time they received new commissions. Regarding the other 
writers who were deprived by these proceedings, the minutes give 
us no information.^ 
The society On the 12th of January 1663 a special meeting of the college 

of justice, that is to say, of the advocates, clerks of the session, 
and writers to his majesty's signet, was held in the inner parliament 
house, to authorise payment of a tax by the members of the college 
who held land in Edinburgh. The " English usurpers " on a former 
occasion had fixed the tax at " one in the hundred," on the valued 
rents, and this proportion was now to be paid — partly for behoof of 
the lords of session and partly for the benefit of the king's revenue. 
At this meeting also, the keeper of the parliament house was required 

' It may be noted that, for some reason, the it was 0{)ened by parliament for inbringing 
signet had been closed at this time. In 1661, the king's rents. - ^d) 



taxed in 1663. 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY xxxi 

to show his warrant, which, if it was from the magistrates only, was 
to be null. He had been appointed by the provost and council of 
Edinburgh during " the late cessation of administration of justice," 
whereas the real power of appointment lay only with the lords of 
session. Incidentally we learn that a deputation was appointed 
to wait upon the dean of guild and town council of Edinburgh to 
desire that " the backseats in the loft of the lords of session, in the 
new kirk of St. Geilles," might, as of old, be reserved for the 
advocates and writers only. 

Two subsequent meetings of the college of justice were held SaieofLeith 
on the 11th and 16th of September 1663, convened by the dean of " * ^' 
faculty, to obtain the consent of the society, along with that of the 
faculty of advocates, to the sale of the citadel of Leith, by the earl of 
Lauderdale, on behalf of the crown, to the magistrates of Edinburgh. 
The purpose of the proposed sale is said to be for obviating of the 
detriment which would arise to the burgh of Edinburgh through 
the inhabitants " by the said citadel," trafficking and holding 
^lal•kets there. 

In a letter presented to the commissioners, on 29th October 1663, 
lord Lauderdale undertook to limit the number of writers to the 
signet to three-score. The commissioners thanked his lordship for 
the letter, but it does not appear that anything more came of it. 

The privy council's action against the holding of conventicles The society and 
caused some trouble to the society. At a meeting on the 21st 
of December 1676, a list is ordered to be drawn up of all such aa 
" keep chambers in the burgh of Edinburgh, either as notaries or 
unfreemen," who have not yet taken the test, in terms of the act. 
On the 14th of February 1678, the deputy keeper, sir William 
Scharpe,^ summoned the writers to the signet to a special meeting,^ 
and informed them that he had received special instructions from 
the lords of session to bring them together, and to direct their 

' be had been knighted in 1669. out a formal excuse were fined a rex dollar 

^ ^lethren absent from tl^t meeting with- each. 



xxxii THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

attention to the act of regulation passed by the lords of the 
privy council on the 11th of the same month. That act prescribed 
a bond to be signed by all members of the college of justice, lords 
of session, advocates, clerks, and writers to the signet, as well as 
by " heritors, liferenters, and masters for their tennents and othei-s." 
This bond having been read over and considered, the society, 
" in regard to the great importance thereof," deferred further 
action until another meeting appointed to be held four days later 
in the " inner house of the parliament or new session house 
of Edinburgh." To that meeting the brethren "wer all dewlie 
wairned be the officer, with certification to such as wer absent, 
and not excused, that each of them should be unlawed." 

When the society met again, on the 18th of February, sir 
WUliam once more produced the act and " the bond of regularities," 
and, after " serious consideration," the bond was subscribed by " the 
commissioners and remanent bretheren." The bond is in the follow- 
ing terms : — " We under subscry vers, deput keiper of, and writters 
to his majistie's signet, doe faithfuUie bind and oblige ws that we, our 
wifes, bairnes, and servants respectivelie shall no wayes be present 
at any conventicles and disorderlie meittings in tyme comeing, bot 
shall live orderlie in obedience to ye law, under ye penalties contained 
in the acts of parliament made yranent. As also, we bind and oblige 
ws that our whole tennents and cottars respectively, yr wifes, bairnes, 
and servants shall lykewayes refraine and abstaine from the saids 
conventicles, and other illegall meittings not owtherized by the law, 
and that they sail live orderlie in obedience to the law, and further 
that we nor they sail not resett, supplie or commoun with forfitted 
persones, intercommouned ministers, or vagrant preachers, bot sail 
doe our outmost endeavors to apprehend yr persones. And in caice 
our said tennents, cottars, and yr forsaids saU contravein, we shall 
tak and apprehend any persone or persones gviilty yrof and present 
ym to the judge ordinar that they may be fined or imprisoned 
therefor as is provydit in the acts of parliament made yranent. 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY xxxiii 

Otherwayes we shall remove ym and their families from off our 
grand. And if we sail faillie yeirin, we shall be lyable to such 
penalties as the said delinquents have incurred by the law," etc. 

The murder of archbishop Sharp in 1679 was followed immedi- The college of 
ately by the rising in the west country, which began with defiance of foot." 
of the ruling powers at Rutherglen, and the defeat of Claverhovxse 
at Drumclog. These events threw all adherents of the government 
into serious alarm, and the college of justice was laid under warlike 
requisition. The writers to the signet along with the advocates 
"and certain clerks of session, met accordingly on 13th June 
1679," in the parliament house, where they "elected, nominat, 
and choysed" the officers of the " coUedge of justice there companie 
of foote, to be putt out be them for his majesty's service" 
against the insurgent covenanters. The officers chosen were sir 
Andrew Birnie, advocate, dean of faculty, captain ; sir William 
Sharp of StonyhHl, knight, keeper of his majesty's signet, lievi- 
tenant ; and Mr. James Grahame, advocate, ensign. On the 20th 
of June following, Hugh Wallace, W.S., was elected "ayd lieve- 
tennent " to the company. 

On 15th June the rising was brought to an end by the Taxing the bills, 
battle of Bothwell brig, and, in the following February, we find 
the commissioners of the signet somewhat troubled about the 
expenses in which the raising of the company had involved the 
society. They consider several articles charged for "to be very 
high," and they desire information from the dean of faculty as to 
where the colours and liveries " ar secured, to be made furthcoming 
when use sail be of them upon any future occasion." We learn 
fi:om a later minute that the society's share of the expenses of the 
fitting out of the college of justice company of foot was two 
hundred merks, being one-third of the whole cost. It would be 
interesting to know what became of the arms, colours and uniforms 
here referred to. 

In the early part of the year 1688, it was proposed by the 



xxxiv THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 
Apprentices and government of king James the seventh, that the writers to the 

anti-popery riots. 

Signet should be held bound "for their apprentices and servants, 
that they shall live peaceably and obediently to the laws." The 
occasion of this action on the part of the authorities was the 

■r, occurrence of a serious riot at Holyrood, excited by the fitting up 

of the royal chapel there as a Eoman catholic place of worship. 
This seems to have been the first of a series of outbreaks preceding 
the revolution. The society, on 11th February 1688, appointed a 
deputation to consult with the lord president and dean of faculty on 
this subject, and to represent that the members were in a difierent 
position from other employers, in respect that their apprentices were, 
in many cases, but little under their control, and further, that it 
could not be alleged that any of the writers' apprentices or servants 
had been engaged in the late tumult. 

The revolution. The fact of the revolution in 1688-9 is passed over in silence 

by the minutes, although the change of government had the efiect 
for a time of closing the signet. It was opened by royal proclama- 
tion on 10th July 1689, but only fourteen days later it was again 
closed by parliament in consequence of a dispute between that 
court and the king as to the right to nominate the lords of session. 
The signet was reopened on 15th October 1689, while letters of 
horning bearing date between the arrival of kmg William in Britain 
and the period of reopening were declared to be null.^ But despite 
this silence as to the change of monarch, we find the society some 
years later, on 18th April 1696, entering into a bond of association for 
support and defence of his majesty king Wilham's " most sacred per- 
son and government," and of the protestant religion, "against the 
late king James and the pretended prince of Wales and all their 
agents." We do not wonder, after this, to find a like zeal shown by 
the society regarding members of its own body, and when, on the 

• There is a slight reference to passing events slone of the revolutione and confusiones in the 
in a minute of 7th December 1692, where it is countrie, there has not been a full meetting of 
stated "that this long tyme bygane by occa- the wry tters. " 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY ^±iit 

5th of April 1697, the commissioners were told that John Alexander, An alleged 

" late wryter to the signet, one of ther pensioners," had " turned W'^^^* '° ^^^ 

papist," the payments to him were stopped " untill he declair 

under his hand that he is not papist, and renounces the principles 

thereof." The poor man, however, seems to have been unjustly 1 

accused, as, on the 24th of November following, a committee 

appointed for this matter was able to report that John Alexander 

had "renounced and disowned all popery, and principles thereof, 

and that he never maintained the same, and that it was a calumnie 

against him." His pension was accordingly at once restored. 

In the same year George Dallas of St. Martin's, W.S., presented J^^Uas' 
to the society for the use of its members, his " Book of Styles," which 
seems to have been the first book owned by the writers to the 
signet as a body.^ 

Incidentally it may be noted that in 1697, John Cheisley, a son, John Cheisley. 
or possibly a nephew, of John Cheisley of Dairy, the notorious 
assassin of lord president sir George Lockhart of Lee, was admitted 
a writer to the signet. He seems to have been possessed by 
something of the extraordinary disposition and obstinate temper 
which characterised the ill-fated laird of Dairy, and his well-known 
daughter, Kachel, lady Grange. John Cheisley was but ten years 
a member of the society, yet his name occurs seventeen times in 
the minutes — a prominence due to his frequent irregularities and 
malversations, which, in the end, led to his being deprived of his 
commission. 

On 1st December 1701, the society approved of an address for Death of king 
presentation to king William, " upon this junctier," by which term '""*^ 
they evidently mean the recent death of king James vii. The 
address was signed by " the wholl body of the wreitters present." 

By the treaty of union in 1707 it is enacted that vacancies tuo union. 

^ In 1706, also, the society showed its revise " a parcel] of styles," which the author, 
interest in legal literature by appointing a, Mr. John Spotswood, advocate, submitted for 
committee of the writers to consider and the purpose, prior to publication. 



xxxvi THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 



Episcopal 
clergy. 



Precautions 

against 

Jacobites. 



among the lords ordinary in the court of session, in the filling 
up of which there had previously been no restriction, should hence- 
forward be filled by the appointment of advocates or writers to 
the signet only. 

In 1711 and 1712 events outside the society are noticed by 
occasional collections among its members for the rehef of those 
ministers who, refusing to conform to presbytery, had been re- 
duced to great straits. On the 27th of November 1712, a general 
meeting " haveing considered a petition given in by the episcopal 
clergie, doe appoint master James Baillie, present thesaurer, 
to pay to their collectors a sum not exceeding ten pounds sterling 
of charitie, and that with his first conveniency." This is from 
" the box " ; but, at the same time, it is " resolved that a voluntar 
contribution be collected from all the members of the societie." In 
supplement of the above donation, directions are given also that a 
report be presented to the first general meeting setting forth "how 
the said money is applyed." Other voluntary contributions for this 
purpose were frequently made from this time onwards till 1751, 
In 1745 the collection amounted to ,£20, 2s. 6d. 

We find evidence of the disturbance of the political atmosphere 
in 1715, in the minute of the 9th of November in that year, which 
relates that the members of the society were " advertised that they 
should take care what persons they take into their chambers as 
prentices or servants, and that they should entertain none but those 
who should be well afiected to the government, and make no 
disturbance in the place." On the 17th of the same month, Chai-les 
Chalmers of Portlethin, a member of the society, but not in legal 
practice, was killed at Sheriffmuir, fighting for the chevalier. 

The rising of 1745 was joined by John Hay of Eestalrig, W.S., 
who had held office as fiscal, treasurer, and substitute keeper of 
the signet. He was appointed treasurer to prince Charles, and 
ultimately fled with him to France. In 1746 he was attainted on 
a charge of treason. Mr. Colquhoun Grant, W.S., also joined the 



HISTOKY OF THE SOCIETY xxxvii 

army of the chevalier. At the battle of Prestonpans he particularly 
distinguished himself.^ 

On the 18th of June 1746, on a request from the lords of The duke of 
session, the society agreed to join the other divisions of the Cumberland, 
college of justice in waiting " in their formality s, attended by their 
clerks," upon the duke of Cumberland, on his return from the north 
after CuUoden. 

In 1759 the society, in view of a threatened French invasion, French in vasior 
unanimously voted a hundred guineas "as an encouragement to 
persons to enlist themselves in his majesty's service, for the defence 
of their country." In 1778 a sum of five hundred guineas was War with 
voted towards raising in Edinburgh a regiment for service in the '"^'^"'*' 
American war. ;. 

In 1779 an address was presented to king George iii. by the 
coUege of justice and the court of exchequer " upon the present 
situation of public affairs," which appears to refer to the war then 
going on against America and Fx'ance. It is signed for the college 
of justice by the heads of the several bodies, judges, advocates, 
and writers to the signet. In 1792, the society, having evidently 
in view the contest in which the country was involved with the 
French revolutionaiy government, resolved unanimously " that the 
members, feeling themselves free and happy under the present 
excellent and unrivalled constitution, held it their duty and 
their interest to support and defend it, and that at the hazard of 
their lives and fortunes." On the 12th of February 1798, two 
hundred guineas were subscribed towards the support of the state 
" at the present crisis of affairs," and it was further resolved that, if 
government should require additional aid, the society would, from 
time to time, come " cheerfully forward and give every assistance in 
their power." On the 10th of July following, the members assessed 

' The prince, at the first levee held by him himself as a mark of personal esteem. See 
at Holyrood-house, publicly thanked Mr. Grant, Kay's Portraits, vol. i. pp. 418, 419. 
and presented him with a small profile cast of 



xxxviii THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET 

themselves for a year at the rate of two per cent, on their valued 
rent for the relief of the wives and families of soldiers engaged in 
the French war. In 1814 there is a minute of an address presented 
to the prince I'egent, signifying the satisfaction of the society 
at the happy state of public affairs, and the prospect of peace, 
arising from the close of the war and the surrender of Paris. 
The war broke out anew in the following year, but the long peace 
which followed the campaign of 1815 not unfitly represents the 
state of the society during the same period. Its external 
history thenceforth is mainly the history of the library, the new 
buildings for which were completed in 1815. 

In 1822 the society's attention was turned towards the opening 
up of swifter communication between Edinburgh and London. A 
committee appointed for this purpose, having considered several 
proposed alterations of the road, reported in favour of one by which 
the mail should " run from Catterick Bridge by Hexham, crossing 
the waterfall, and thence to Edinburgh by Jedburgh." This route, 
they found, would save thirty-three miles, and, allowing for five 
stoppages, could be travelled in forty-two hours, so that letters 
might be delivered in the one city on the second day after theii' 
despatch from the other. 

The minutes contain various notices of the society's share in the 
reception of king George iv., on his visit to Edinbvirgh in that 
year. In 1842 also there are similar entries referring to the first 
visit of queen Victoria and the prince consort to Scotland. 

In 1838 the society petitioned parUament in favour of Mr. 
Eowland Hill's scheme of postal reform. 

In 1859 some traces of the old military spirit of the society 
appear in a minute which provides for the embodying of a writers 
to the signet company of the city of Edinburgh rifle volunteer 
corps. 

In August 1871 the writers to the signet joined with other 
public bodies in celebrating the hundreth anniversary of the birth 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY xxxix 

of Sir Walter Scott, who was the son of a writer to the signet, and 
himself an apprentice. 

No better conclusion of its history can be found than one of Her majesty's 

1 . , p jubilee. 

the last entries in the minutes for the year 1887, which refers to 
an address to queen Victoria congratulating her majesty on the 
completion of the jubilee of her glorious reign.^ 

The society has passed through many varied experiences, and 
some of these have wrought their changes upon the working Hfe of 
its members. Nevertheless, the outstanding mark of their calling 
remains as of old, that they write to her majesty's signet; and 
the loyalty of the writers to the queen tinder whom they now 
serve is quickened by the memory of the society's time-honoured 
connection with the long line of the Scottish monarchs. ,, 

In addition to the general history of the society, a few parti- 
culars of what may be called its more personal history, may now 
be noticed. These are more easily treated separately from the 
main narrative. Among such particulars, a brief reference to the 
deputy keepership claims the first place. 



OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY KEEPEE. 

The ancient dignity of lord secretary or secretary for Scotland 
was abolished in 1746, and the keepership of the signet thus 
became vacant. Thenceforth till 1817 the keeper of the signet was 
appointed as a separate officer. In 1817 the office was united to 
that of lord clerk register, and it is still held by that official. The 
restoration in 1885 of the Scottish secretaryship of state revived 

' In honour of the same occasion the society keepers of the signet during the past fifty years 

also erected in the upper hall of the signet of her majesty's reign ; and of Colin Mackenzie 

library, a stained glass window, bearing along of Portmore, Richard Mackenzie of Dolphinton, 

with the royal arms and the arms of the society, James Hope, John Clerk Brodie of Idvies, and 

the arms of James Andrew, marquis of Dal- Charles Bowman Logan, deputy keepers during 

housie, sir William Gibson Craig of Biccarton, the same period. 
bart. , and George Frederick, earl of Glasgow, 



deputy keeper. 



xl THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

only a part of the powers of the lord secretary, and did not 
revive his former position as keeper of the signet. 
Functions of the In the keeper's absence the deputy keeper of the signet is head 
of the society, and as such is entitled to preside at all business meet- 
ings. The powers conferred by the commissions granted in favour 
of successive deputy keepers have varied a good deal. In 1594 
Mr. John Layng had been designed by sir Richard Cockburn his 
"depute and keeper of the signet," a style which recurs in later 
appointments. In the minutes of the society, Mr. Layng's style is 
" secreter deput" or " secretare depute and keiper of the signet." 
Not only so, but special powers seem to have been given to Mr. 
Layng in the year 1597, when king James the sixth, with consent 
of his council and exchequer, and also of his secretary " then for 
the tyme be virtue of his dimissoun," granted to Mr. John Layng, 
keeper of his majesty's signet, for his lifetime, " all and haill that 
pairt of the office of the secretarie sa far as may be extendit to the 
keiping and custodie of his maiesteis signetis great and small, 
(exceptand the court signet ordinarlie vesit to all suche thingis 
whilk pas the counsaill tabill) together with all and sindrie feis," 
and all other privileges. This grant was duly confirmed by parlia- 
ment in the year 1609,^ but the special nature of Mr. Layng's 
appointment is implied by a clause enacting that in future the 
keeping of the signets should be at the disposal of his majesty's 
secretaries, the present gift being no prejudice of their right. 

The quorum of commissioners in 1594 is fixed by sir Richard 
at nine, including always the deputy keeper. The quorum, how- 
ever, was afterwards reduced to four ; the keeper of the signet being 
convener, and sine quo non. In 1642, however, the then secretary, 
William, earl of Lanark, named a commissioner who, in the deputy 
keeper's absence, should take his place as a necessary member 

Date of grant, 17th March 1596-7. — Acts of may be connected with the appointment of the 
the Parliaments of Scotland, vol. iv. p. 448. "Octavians." 
The reference to the secretary's "dimission" 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY xli 

of the quorum. The commissioners then appointed were ten in 
number, inckiding " Mr. Harie Maule, present keeper of the signet, 
or any four of them, conjunctly with the said Mr. Harie, and 
in case of his absence" Mr. George Haldin, W.S. The com- 
mission issued in 1660, in favour of sir William Sharp and eight 
commissioners, specifies as a quorum any four of them, the keeper 
of the signet being always one, and sine quo non. Later com- 
missions are in similar terms, and a memorial transmitted by 
the society to the home secretaries, in 1731, states that the 
keeper " has the power of calling and adjourning meetings of the 
society," and " that he is a necessary constituent member in such 
meetings, and presides there ex officio." The quorum was after- 
wards reduced to three. The more recent practice does not require 
the presence of the keeper or the deputy keeper at every meeting, 
and when questions regarding the deputy keeper's office were brought 
before the court of session, in 1828, it was not disputed that meet- 
ings of the society might be held in the absence of these officers. 

In the great majoi-ity of instances the deputy keeper has been Elections of 
chosen from the members of the society ; generally from among its ^^ ^^*'' 
most distinguished members. Two exceptions to this practice are 
Mr. James Law, appointed joint deputy keeper on the 26th of 
December 1627, and admitted a writer to the signet two years 
later ; and Mr. James Hope, appointed joint deputy keeper on the 
12th of January 1828, and admitted a writer to the signet on the 
4th of July following. More notable examples of departure from 
the rule of selection from within the society were the appointments 
of Samuel Mosley in 1654, lord Castlehill in 1657, and sir WiUiam 
Sharp in 1660. All these nominations, however, bear evidence of 
having been made for political reasons. Mosley was an English- 
man, and a partisan of the dominant alien government. Whatever 
his personal merits may have been, he had no natural claim upon 
the favour of the writei's to the signet. His appointment was. Objections to 
moreover, obnoxious as proceeding from the new court of the pointment. 



xKi THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

commissioners for the administration of justice in Scotland, which 
had usurped, in part, the privileges of the lord secretary's oflSce, 
and to which new authority the society owed no allegiance. It is not, 
therefore, surprising to find that the members were unwilling to 
submit to the depute thus thrust upon them. No sooner was his 
commission recorded than the commissioners, on the 1 3th of March, 
proceeded to ignore his title so far as to place one of their number 
in the chair. They "all with one consent, electit and choysed 
John Sempell preses for the affaris of their present meeting, and to 
continue to the first day of Junii nixt to cum." The minutes bear- 
ing on the subject are simple and formal, but they contain traces 
of a struggle about which further information would be welcome. It 
says not a little for the spirit of the commissioners that the unequal 
strife ended in a compromise. It was impossible to hold out against 
the ruling powers, but, on the 12th of January 1655, the com- 
missioners managed to save their position while yet yielding the 
chair to the nominee of the government. They " elected and 
nominated Samuell Mosely, keeper of the signet, preses for the affairs 
of the present meeting, and to continue whill the first day of 
August next to cum, and thaireftir whill he be discharged." The 
peculiarity of the circumstances may be held to justify these 
extraordinary proceedings. Doubts, however, seem to have arisen 
regarding the keeper's right to preside at meetings of the society, 
and in 1828, as has been already mentioned, this matter was 
brought before the court of session. The case was not carried to 
a decision; and, with the exception above stated, the keeper, or 
his deputy, has always been in use to preside at meetings of the 
society, and when either of these officers is present and willing to 
act, he is of necessity president of the meeting. 

POBMER MEETING-PLACES OF THE SOCIETY. 

The king's 

secretary had Ministers of state had, in former times, no official place of busi- 

no omcial ' ' ^ 

residence. ncss, Hor was there anything corresponding to what we now call a 



HISTOKY OF THE SOCIETY xliii 

public office, unless indeed the tolbooth of Edinburgh, which gave 
accommodation to a good many different pubhc departments, could be 
so called. The lord secretary, like other public servants, carried on 
the work of his administration in his own dwelling-house, and there 
the royal signet was kept. When Edinburgh became the per- 
manent capital of the country, and, as such, the place of the king's 
state residence, the public convenience required that there the 
lord secretary and other ministers of state should reside for the 
purposes of national business. Their work, however, continued to 
be done in their own houses. In like manner, the writers to the 
signet carried on the business of the lord secretary's department, and 
other official work, in their private houses in Edinburgh, or in their 
own chambers or " writing booths." For this reason, and as the 
society had as yet no local habitation, the places of meeting named Meetings of 
in the earlier minutes vary considerably. Frequently we have no '^ ^""^'^ ^' 
information on this head, and must content ourselves with knowing 
that the sederunt was held "at Edinburgh." Of the meeting-places 
mentioned we find that, on 15th November 1596, the writers met in 
the new kirk; on 28th July 1599 and 17th January 1606, in the 
"laiche tolbuith"; on 15th March 1606, 7th December 1612, and 
29th June 1618, in the "heiche tolbuith"; on 4th April 1607, in 
Holyrood-house ; on 22d November 1609, in the deputy keeper's 
house; and on 8 th August 1618, in "the wry ting chalmer of 
Adame Lawtie, ane of the commissioneris." On the 11th of Decem- 
ber 1627, a general meeting is held at the "tolbuith of Edinburgh," 
and it is then resolved that "aU the wrytters to the signet sail 
heireftir keip four generall quarterhe meetings in every year in the 
tolbuith of Edinburgh, upon the first Monday of every quarter, in 
the foirnoone." On the 23d of June 1628, a meeting is held "in 
Robert Alexanderis chalmer, wryter in Edinburgh, and ane of the 
keiparis of the signet." On the 15th of November 1633, "the 
brethrene convenit in the dwellinghous of Mr. James Gordoun, ane 
of the twa keiparis ; " and on the 23d of that month, again in the 



xliv THE SOCIETY OF WRITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

"hich hall" of Mr. Gordoun's house. On 28th December 1633, 
7th January 1636, and 23d February 1639, meetings are held in the 
"signet chalmer;" on 9th January 1647, in the "auld sessioun 
house;" on 11th January 1648, in the parliament house; and on 
13th March 1654, in the new session house of Edinburgh. It 
would seem that the society's ordinary meeting-place was either 
some one of the offices in the tolbooth, or the deputy keeper's house, 
but the convenience of members might, at any time, cause a 
change in the place of meeting. The " signet chalmer " and the 
auld session house appear to have been in the tolbooth. The new 
session house was in the newly built parliament bouse. The new 
kirk was the eastern part of St. Giles', known also as the little 
kirk, and the high kirk. In the society's accounts for 1616 there 
occurs a payment of £6 to the keeper of the "heich tolbooth 
quherin the brether convenit." 
OfiBce of the It was uot till 1695 that steps are taken to secure for the society 

•ociety, 1695. ,( ^^^ convenient house, where the signet office, and warrants 
thereof may be kept, and the wryters may meet upon all occasions." 
In May of the following year, arrangements were made for furnishing 
and finishing the " new lodging " bought in terms of previous resolu- 
tions. Thereafter follow a number of entries giving minute details 
of the furnishing and fitting up of the offices, even to the ordering of 
a dollar of drink-money to be paid to the wright employed at the 
work. The court off the High Street in which the new office stood, 
was named the Writers' Court ; and the society had the name put 
up in gUt letters over its entrance gate. In 1704, the treasurer waa 
appointed " to putt up a broad " in the office, bearing, in gold letters, 
the " names of all the writei's that did contribute to the buying of 
the house, and what soumes were advanced by each of them for that 
end." The same practice, according to a custom of the times, had 
previously been followed in the case of donors to the box for the 
poor. When the new buUdings were erected in Parliament Square 
the signet office was established in them, and thenceforward the 




WRITERS' COURT 



HISTORY OF THE SOCIETY xlv 

meetings of the society have been held in the hall of the library. 
In 1826 the signet office was removed to its present quarters, H.M. 
Register House. 

APPRENTICES AND INTRANTS. 

It has been said that "there is no cii-cumstance which has so Training of 
much contributed to place the society of writers to the signet a.pprentice8. 
in the honourable rank which it has so long held, as the 
attention which has been paid to the education, both general and 
professional, of their apprentices. There is indeed no law associa- 
tion in the kingdom which has shown so much anxiety on the 
subject." This statement is fully borne out by a perusal of the 
minutes. The many regulations on the subject, however, need 
not be fully detailed here, but the earliest references to apprentices 
of the society may be noted. 

In the minutes of 1594, it was resolved, as already mentioned, 
that the number of members should be limited, and no new 
ordinary writer to the signet admitted until the whole number 
of ordinary members be reduced to twenty-four. Intrants, how- 
ever, continued to be admitted until the numbers of the society 
increased from thirty-eight in 1594, to forty-five in 1609. In 
1598, the period of apprenticeship was fixed at three years. But Regulations as 
the practice varied greatly at different times ; and the regula- *" '" ®"*"''*^- 
tions as to the length of the apprenticeship were often departed 
from. By an act of 1610, it was required that all writers to 
the signet " quhen thai salliappin to ressave ony personis prenteissis 
to thaim," shall do so by an indenture binding the apprentice 
to serve seven years from its date. It was fiu'ther appointed 
that the indenture, on its execution, should be produced to the 
commissioners, who should cause a note of it to be recorded 
in the " register bulk of the actis of the saidis ordinar wryteris." 
In the event of a master dying before the expiry of his 
apprentice's indenture, the commissioners were to assign the 



xlvi THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

apprentice to another writer to the signet, whom he should serve 
to the end of his term. On 23d July 1628, this act was ratified, 
with the further provision that for each indenture, the apprentice 
should pay ten merks, five to the box, and five to the clerk to the 
commissioners. In 1629 it was further required that, in addition 
to serving an apprenticeship, an intrant must be twenty-five years 
of age before he could be admitted into the society. In 1638 it is 
enacted that if the apprentice duty be not paid within forty days 
of entering the indenture, the fee shall be doubled and the master 
shall pay it. In 1630 there occurs a somewhat remarkable entry 
of the booking of an indenture, by which Andrew Robertson is 
apprenticed to John Cok for three years only, and the commis- 
sioners dispense with the " prenteis dewtie, for gude consideratiouns 
moving thame." It would be interesting to know what these con- 
siderations were. From this time forward the act requiring a seven 
years' apprenticeship was systematically disregarded. Three, four, 
or five years became usual terms. Sometimes two years, or even 
one year, was accepted, and for a long time there was no regular 
pi-actice on the subject. 
Military clause One clauso iu the early indentures is not usual in the present 

tur^! ^ day, and is suggestive of the state of the country. In 1627 military 

duties Avere imposed on the apprentices as part of their service. 
Every apprentice was required to have "a competent stand of 
musterable armes to lye to his use in the commone storehous or 
magasin of the wrytteris." Moreover it was provided that if an 
apprentice died before completing his term of service, or forsook the 
calling, his arms should remain the property of the society. Clerks 
as well as apprentices were required to bear arms, and a regular 
system of military drill was established. It does not appear, 
however, that the military services of the body so formed were ever 
called into actual warfare, though their existence as a " company of 
foote" is noted in 1679. The subsisting "Regulations respecting 
apprentices and intrants " will be found printed in the appendix. 



HISTOEY OF THE SOCIETY xlvii 



GOWNS WORN BY MEMBERS. 

There are several regulations made by the early writers to the Kariy regu- 
signet as to the wearing of gowns by members of their society, to gowns. 
Thus it is laid down, 8th Nov. 1609 : — " Since the habite suld dis- 
tinguische every one in his calling, all wrytteris to the signet are 
heireftir, induring thair stay within Edinburgh, bothe in thair cuming 
abrode in the streittis and in thair wreitting boathe, to wear all the 
day long (except he walk or ryde abroade without the towne for 
recreatioun), a gowne in suche forme as salbe sett downs by the 
commissioneris." Those having no gowns are to be suspended from 
office until they get them. Again, on 9th March 1610, the 
commissioners enact that no ordinary writer to the signet, in 
time of session, be found within the burgh of Edinburgh, "upon the 
gate " without his gowne upon him, under pain of deprivation. 
These injunctions seem to have emanated from a royal command, 
as appears from a letter of king James vi. to the lord chancellor, 
Alexander, earl of Dunfermline, and the president and other lords 
of the college of justice, in which the king states that his regard for 
the dignity of the college of justice had moved him " to prsescribe 
decent habites to the whoUe members thereof according to their 
seuerall degrees, with expres commandement that the same should 
be prseciselie obserued and the contraueners censured " ; and that of 
late he had heard "that diuers of that body, but in speciall some 
lawyers and writers to the signet, do not weare the habite prsescribed 
to them, but walk commonlie in clokes." He therefore desires that 
all who have the honour to be of the college of justice be ordained 
" everie one of them in their seuerall degrees to Aveare their said 
habites at all tymes and at all places therein conteyned." ^ This 
regulation, having been often transgressed, was frequently renewed ; 
the last re-enactment of it being in 1750. 

' Memorials of the Earls of Haddington, vol. ii p. 73. 



xlviii THE SOCIETY OF WRITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

That the commissioners were thoroughly in earnest on the 9th 
AbacucBisset of March 1610, is shown by their action in the case of Abacuc or 
adventures. Habakkuk Bisset, whom they suspended at that meeting for the 
double offence of having his residence in Aberdeen, and neither wear- 
ing nor having a gown. Mr. Bisset, it is to be feared, was an offence 
to his brethren. He was, if we may judge from what is recorded 
about him, a man of crabbed temperament, apt to get into quarrels 
or scrapes, stiff in his manner, like his own handwriting, of which 
a good many specimens exist. He also passed the great part of 
life minus four fingers of his left hand, about the loss of which 
he tells a pathetic tale. In the year 1587, when, if tradition is 
to be trusted, he was about twenty-six years of age, he was a 
writer to the signet, and at that time residing in Edinburgh. It 
would appear that in the exercise of his profession, he had given 
offence to two gentlemen of the name of Hamilton, who, as he teUs 
us in his complaint to the privy council, "consavit ane deidlie feid 
and haitrent" against him. Not only did they refuse to pay his 
account on a particular occasion but they threatened his life. Bisset, 
however, " having committit na crime that deservit " such treatment, 
continued to behave himself "in peccable and quiet manor as became 
ane man of his vocatioun." 

Notwithstanding this, on 24th July 1587, his two enemies, 
"being myndful to putt thair said ungodlie interprise to executioun, 
come to Sanct Gelis kirk in Edinburgh, bodin in feir of weir, with 
swerds pistoUettis and uther invasive waponis," where they found 
"the said Abacuc gangand in peceable and quiet maner, a little 
befoir fyve houris at evin, awaiting upon the fyve houris bell to 
the evening prayeris, qvihair he was myndful to have said his 
prayeris to God, conform to his accustomed use, having na swerd 
waponis or armour." The two Hamiltons neither appreciated 
his quiet walk on the summer's afternoon, nor the sacredness 
of the hour. They set upon him in the church, broke his head 
with the pommels of their swords, and when he fled, pursued 



HISTOEY OF THE SOCIETY xlix 

him to the west porch of the building, where they again struck 
him, leaving him " mutilat and dismemberit " as already stated. 

So gross and open an outrage on a member of the profession The college of 
could not be passed over in silence, and accordingly Mr. Abacuc's ^jg complaint, 
complaint to the privy council was backed up by the lord 
advocate, then Mr. David MacGill of Nisbet, and by Mark Ker 
of Newbattle, conservator of the privileges of the college of 
justice, in name of the whole senators, advocates, scribes, writers, 
and other members of the same.^ But except as a token of 
esprit de corps it does not appear that this support availed any- 
thing — the aggressors were denounced rebels for non-compeamnce, 
but that seems to have been all the satisfaction Bisset gained for 
the loss of his fingers. 

After this he transferred himself for some years to Aberdeen, Retires to j 
where it would seem he again suffered in the same way. In 
1608, when once more on his way to the kirk, in a " moist quiet 
and peciable maner," he was set upon at the instance of a professional 
brother — a notary, and received " many deidlie strykis on heid, 
schoulderis, and small of his bak," being left for dead. He sur- 
vived, however, and duly made a complaint ; but it must be 
regretfully recorded that in this dispute he did not come off well, 
for not only was he defeated, but his adversary accused him of 
slander in regard to another matter, and the Council found that 
Mr. Abacuc had behaved himself " verie maliciouslie," and ad- 
monished him " verie scharplie, to forbear in future." 

No wonder, therefore, that he was censured by the society 
to which he claimed to belong, and when in 1613 he petitioned 
the commissioners to repone him that he might " use his office 
alsweill within the burgh of Edinburgh as furth thairof," the 
petition was refused.- 

It must be acknowledged, however, that the practice of wearing 

' Register of privy council, vol. iv. p. 204. their functions, because of their "removing 

' In the same year John Thomson and furth of this burgh, in sa far as concemis thair 
William Speir were suspended from exercising wry ting to the signet," 



1 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 



Gowns in 1679 
and 1740. 



Woollen dress 
recommended 
to members. 



gowns was in later times much neglected, for in 1746, when, as 
formerly stated, the society resolved that members should wait on 
the duke of Cumberland in their gowns, the only precedent they 
could find was a similar honour paid to James, duke of York 
(James vii.) in 1679, when he came to Edinburgh as the king's 
high commissioner. Moreover, there was some uncertainty about 
the form and colour of the gowns worn on that occasion. Several 
members were of opinion that the gowns were red, but black was 
deemed a more suitable hue, and the fashion of the gowns was ordered 
to be adjusted by the deputy keeper and two other writers to the 
signet. The stuff was to be " Scots shalloon," serge or crape, 
according to taste, the keeper's gown being distinguished by a 
neck of black velvet and black silk loops. A gown and baton also 
were provided for the officer of the society. Although the ancient 
regulations as to the constant wearing of gowns have thus been 
long in desuetude, writers to the signet still wear their gowns 
on occasions of cei'emony. 

Apart from the question raised in 1746 as to the dimensions and 
hue of their gowns, the society in that year resolved, in order to 
encourage the Scottish woollen trade, that at their next general 
meeting each member should appear dressed in Scots woollen cloth. 
A committee was appointed to arrange further action towards 
advancing the trade, and they earnestly recommended every member 
to wear the cloth " as his occasions require new cloathes " and 
recusants were to be fined. r 



THE BOX OR COMMON FUND. 

Almost from the beginning of the minutes, the kist or "box" 
appears as an important institution of the society. As early 
as 1609, unlaws are appointed to be converted ad pios usus ; a 
benevolent arrangement which implies the keeping of some sort 
of treasury in the hands of the clerk. Thereafter the minutes 
contain a multitude of entries of fines and fees given to the box, 



-:■.•: HISTOKY OF THE SOCIETY v -rr" H 

and due notice is taken of the placing of fines by the clerk in the 
box, in the presence of the commissioners. But as the subject 
of fines and finance is fully touched upon elsewhere, the details 
need not be here given. 

One investment, however, made by the society, may be com- Bond by Gordon 
mented on at greater length. In 1677 nme hundred merks 
were advanced to Alexander Gordon of Earlston, upon a bond 
over his estate in Galloway, It is characteristic of the uncertain 
possession of landed property in the fighting times of the seventeenth 
century, that the borrower's undertaking had to be supported by 
the joint obligation of two cautioners, William Cleland of Faskine, 
and Mr. John Bailhe of Carfin. AU three co-obhgants were 
involved in the movements of the covenanters, the borrower's 
father, WiUiam Gordon of Earlston, having long been a man of note 
among that party. In 1662, the elder Earlston had been fined 
£3500 for nonconfonnity. For a like offence, in 1663, he was 
Isanished the kingdom, but in 1667 he was allowed to return home. 
In 1676 he made over the barony of Earlston to his eldest son 
Alexander. It is not unlikely that the loan obtained in the 
following year had some connection with this transaction, or with 
the designs that gave rise to it. Earlston's ostensible purpose in 
transferring the estate was to fulfil obligations arising under his 
son's contract of marriage, but it was a common expedient with 
gentlemen who found themselves in deep water amid the shifting 
political currents of those times, to convey their lands to theii" 
heirs, and so save the risk of the estates being lost to their 
famihes by forfeiture. William Gordon remained in occupation of 
Earlston, whence, in June 1678, he and his son set out to 
join the covenanters who had taken up arms in Lanarkshire. The 
father was killed while on his journey. His son, Alexander, escaped 
from the field of Bothwell brig and went abroad. On the 18th 
of February 1680, Alexander Gordon was summoned before the 
court of justiciaiy on a charge of treason. Failing to appear, he 



Hi THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

was found guilty and sentenced to death. His estates also were 
confiscated. These proceedings caused anxiety to the holders of 
the bond over Earlston, and five days later the commissioners 
of the signet met, and the treasurer having reported upon the 
subject, the meeting requested the deputy keeper, sir WiUiam 
Sharpe, "to deal with John, duke of Lauderdale, his majesty's 
secretary, and the commissioners of the treasury, that no gifts 
be passed of the said Alexander Gordon's forfeiture, for his rebellion 
in being with the rebels in the west, in June last, until the 
said debt be paid." There is no report of the result of the 
interview thus appointed to be held, but it would appear that 
the society's claims were fully admitted by the authorities, and 
that the debt, although not repaid, was kept up as a burden upon 
the forfeited estate. 

In 1690 there is a minute of the society directing the 
treasurer "to look after the loan due to the Avriters to the 
signet by Earlstoun," who in the meantime had been restored 
to the estate, which had previously passed through several hands. 
In 1692 lord EankeUlor came forwai-d, and paid up two-thirds 
of the original debt. An arrangement was then come to which 
secured the speedy extinction of the burden on the estate. 
The tenns granted were favoui-able, the society's action being 
prompted by consideration of the pressure of the laii'd of Earlston's 
circumstances, owing to his late forfeiture, and of the " brocken " 
condition of his two sureties. It maj' be added that, in 1718, 
the laird of Earlston succeeded to a baronetcy, which had been 
conferred on his younger brother William, and which his descen- 
dant still holds ; that he died in 1726 ; and that his son, William 
Gordon of Greenlaw and Culvennan, was a writer to the signet. 

CHAIR OF HUMANITY IN THE UNIVERSITY. 

Towards the end of the sixteenth century the society aided in the 
establishment of a chair of law in the university of Edinburgh, being 



HISTOKY OF THE SOCIETY liii 

the first addition to its teaching staff. In the year 1590, after much Law professor- 
preliminary discussion, a contract was entered into between the college 
of justice and the town council, for the foundation of a professorship 
"of the laws." By that contract, the lords of session on the first 
part, the advocates and writers to the signet on the second part, and 
the town council as third parties, each provided the sum of £1000 
Scots for the endowment. The chair was, however, soon diverted 
from its original purpose, and the professor was occupied in teaching, 
not law, but Latin and Greek. On the occurrence of a vacancy 
in 1597, the founders agreed that the occupant of the chair should 
cease to be a professor of law, and should become instead a 
regent or professor of humanity. At the same time the professor's Chair of 
income was reduced to one-third of the original endowment, and the "™*°' ^' 
remaining two-thii-ds were devoted by the patrons to the main- 
tenance of bursars. By an arrangement come to in the same 
year, the patronage of the chair of humanity was vested in six 
commissioners, two to be chosen by the lords of session, two by 
the town council, one by the advocates, and one by the writers to 
the signet. Except in so far as altered by the universities act of 
1858, which substitutes the curators of the university as patrons, 
instead of the town council, this arrangement still remains in force. 

In the following century the town council proposed to the college Proposed 
of justice that the chair of humanity should be abolished, in order *''**"8e8. 
that its work might be transferred to the high school of Edinburgh, 
and the revenue of the chair expended on bursaries. On the 11th 
of January 1648^ the writers to the signet were accordingly convened 
in the parliament house "anent their voytis, craved quhidder thair 
annual-rent of fy ve hundreth pundis destinat and mortifyeit for ane 
help to ane professor in the college of Edinburgh, according to the 
first institution, sould be employit to that use, or for intertenement 
of ane bursar." The meeting unanimously refused " the inversioun 

' Sir Alexander Grant, in his Stoi-y of the proposal as 1656, but the minutes of the town 
Unweraily of Edinburgh, gives the date of this council corroborate the date given in the text. 



iiy THE SOCIE|y Qf \YEITEES .Jp, TIJE SIGNET 

of the first fundatioun," and declined to interfere with the professor- 
ship. Such was also the decision of the coUege of justice as a whole. 
Medal. It may be added that, in 1824, the writers to the signet insti- 

tuted an annual medal of the value of ten guineas to be given 
as a prize to the best Latin scholar in the senior humanity class. 
In 1860, however, the giving of this medal was discontinued " for 
the present." 

In 1708 the society showed its interest in the scientific enter- 
prises of the day by appointing four of its members to visit " a 
machin" termed " a, perpetuum mobile," invented, or at least pro- 
moted, by Mr. Robert Stewart, minister of the gospel, and recom- 
mending a collection towards its expense. In 1794, further aid 
to science was given by a vote of twenty guineas a year, payable 
for three years, towards keeping up a museum of natural history 
established by Mr. Alexander Weir at number 16 Princes Street, 
Edinburgh. 



GBANTS TO PUBLIC WORKS AND CHARITIES. 

Public works. There are recorded in the minutes of the society many grants in 

aid of public works of various kinds, as, for example, towards the 
building of the royal infirmary of Edinburgh in 1738 ; for the 
erection of an observatory for the university of Edinburgh ; and 
also in 1738 towards the establishment of the orphan hospital in 
Edinburgh; for the relief of the burgh of Kinghorn from the 
expense incurred in building a harbour at Pettycur in 1760; to the 
maintenance of the poorhouse and charity workhouses in Edin- 
burgh ; towards the erection of a church for the Gaelic-speaking 
community of Edinburgh in 1768 ; for the building of "a qualified 
English chappel in Edinburgh in 1774"; and for other works of a 
like kind. In 1751, five hundred guineas were given towards a 
scheme for rebuilding ruinous houses in Edinburgh in such a way as to 
afford "great decorement to the city and many large conveniencys." 
In 1788, when it was decided in the court of session that the writers, 



HISTOEY OF THE SOCIETY >& SB. Iv 

as members of the college of justice, were exempt from payment of 
the poor-rates then levied, the society resolved that, as their action 
in the matter had arisen only from regard to the privileges of the 
members, a donation of five hundred guineas should be given from 
the funds in support of the charity workhouse of the city. Similar 
large grants were, at other times, given for the same object. In 
1789, six hundred guineas were voted towards the erection of new 
buildings for the university of Edinburgh, and a further sum of 
two hundred pounds was devoted to the same purpose in 1812. 
In 1796 there occurs an entry of two hundred and fifty guineas 
given for supplying meal to the poor at reduced prices. At various 
times the charity of the society has been directed towards the assist- 
ance of those who suffered from the fires which formerly were of 
frequent occurrence in Edinburgh. In 1824, two hundred and 
seventy-three pounds were given from the funds to meet such a 
case. The contributions of the society towards works of public ic! .<».», i 

importance have been continued down to the present time. Thus, 
for example, in 1872 a grant of fifty guineas was made for the 
improvement and restoration of St. Giles' church, Edinburgh, and 
in 1880 one hundred guineas more were given in aid of that im- 
portant work. In 1883 two hundred and fifty pounds were voted 
for the extension of the Edinburgh university buildings. In a 
very recent minute there is a note of two hundred and fifty pounds 
subscribed towards the foundation of the imperial institute of the 
United Kingdom. 

Besides making such grants to public works and charities from General 
the common fund, the commissioners frequently directed the atten- 
tion of the ordinary members to charitable objects lying beyond 
the limits to which the public benefactions of the society were 
confined. Thus, in 1610, "the commissioners ordanit the haill 
bretherene to gif support, according to thair chimtie, for help of 
the pure Italiane, Francis de Parisco." Another such case occurs in 
1616, when a petition is presented to the society from the biirgh of 



Ivi THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

Cupar, " for reparatioun of thair buildingis and guidis, laitlie brunt 
and destroyit be fyre." Having considered this petition, " the haill 
brether, all in ane voce, grantit to gif them supplie, as thai suld be 
movit thairto of thair awn willis," and appointed collectors to obtain 
subscriptions from the members. In 1618 there is a notice of con- 
tributions given by the writers to the signet " to the supplie of the 
brig of Crawmond." There are also two interesting entries, in 1631, 
regarding a collection made among the members of the college of 
justice " for the help and supplie of the pure distressit pepill of the 
palatinate," on whom the troubles of the thirty years' war had 
fallen with great severity. For this object there was collected a 
sum of £2984, 10s. 4d. Scots, of which £926, 17s. was given by the 
writers to the signet. The fortunes of the palatinate had been made 
specially interesting to Scotsmen by the marriage of the ill-fated 
elector Frederick to princess Elizabeth, daughter of James vi. 
Poor's fund. In 1685, "the haill breitheren, in consideration of the multitude 

of their poor, and for the incress of their stock," volunteered each to 
pay the treasurer £3 Scots a year for the use of the poor. In 1703 
it was resolved, in respect of the smallness of the stock, and because 
the poor of the calling were numerous, " that therfor ther be ane act 
made dischargeing the intrant wryters of any expences of drinking 
or otherwayes at the examinatione and admissione," and that, in 
place of the £166, 13s. 4d., payable for the poor and the "house," at 
the admission of a member, the payment be increased to £200 Scots. 
In 1755 further steps were taken in the same direction. 

The society, moreover, on occasions took further means to obtain 
aid for the poor of their number. Thus, in 1663, two of the brethren 
were appointed to speak to the kirk treasurer, to obtain from the 
funds in his hands some help for Judith Nairn, relict of Mr. Alexander 
Carmichael, W.S., to whom the society itself had voted relief. 
Further, it was to be intimated to the kirk treasurer, that, if help 
were not given in this case, the society would withdraw its monthly 
contribution paid to the deacons of the kirks for the poor of the burgh. 



HISTOEY OF THE SOCIETY Ivii 

In 1667, again, we find the treasurer, by instruction of the commis- 
sioners, "indenting" John Alexander, son of the deceased Robert Alex- 
ander, W.S., as apprentice to Gavin Sangster, "tailzeour, and freeman 
in the Cannongaitheid," and paying £50 Scots from the funds as his 
apprentice fee. On behalf of the brother of this apprentice, Alex- 
ander Alexander, " ane poor young orphan of six yeirs or thereby," 
the treasurer is appointed, at the same time, to pay five marks a 
month "for his entertainement," and to make further payments for 
his schooling and clothing. In the following year the treasurer reports 
that he has paid £50 Scots as a fee on account of George Neill, son 
of the late Robert Neill, W.S., on his being apprenticed "to John 
Tailzeowr, tayliowr burgess of the Cannogait." On the same day, 
the commissioners having voted a grant of three rex dollars to James 
Hog, a pensioner of the society, and apparently an old advocate's 
clerk, resolved that three of their number should speak to sir Robert 
Sinclair, the dean of faculty, anent the said James Hog, that he 
might get some help from the advocates' box. 

That charitable cases were carefuUy considered upon their merits, 
appears from the frequent language of the minutes regarding them. 
We come constantly upon cases described in terms like the following : 
"ane aged poore man"; "a seicklie infirm blind man, in his 
necessity and great distress " ; " ane poore and indigent seicklie 
man, who hes lyn seik this whyll by past"; "ane poor zong 
orphan"; "ane aged infirme and poore woman"; "poore fatherles 
childrene"; "ane sicklie poore indigent woman, unable to goe to 
service, or act anything for her lyvliehood " ; " ane poor sickhe man, 
having the perills in his head, and other infirmities of his bodie " ; 
" ane indigent sicklie widdow, having three children " ; " ane wryter's 
son, for buying him cloaths " ; and so forth. In doubtful cases there 
is added, at times, some quaint proviso, such as " that they be no 
farder troublesome in any tyme coming," or " and she is never to ask 
more," or "without any more to be given him hereafter." Many similar 
benefactions will be found in the chapter which deals with the funds, 

h 



IVlu 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 



Craigcrook 
mortificatiou. 



Watson trust. 



iri 

TBCJSTS ADMINISTERED BY THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE SIGNET. " 

John Strachan of Craigcrook, writer to the signet and fiscal of 
the society, by a deed of mortification, dated the 24th of September 
1712, and recorded the 4th of August 1719, directed that the lands 
of Craigcrook and North Clermiston in the parish of Cramond, which 
he had purchased in 1698, should be held perpetually in trust ("the 
lands never to be sold, but to remaine as mortified land for ever"), 
and the proceeds to be devoted to the relief of " poor old men and 
women and orphans." The deed proceeds upon the testator's 
" thankful resentment and commemoration " of God's goodness to 
him in his " pains and industrie " in his " imployment," and further 
" withaU, that none of my relatives or nearest of kin may have right 
to what shall happen, in land or money, to belong to me the tyme 
of my decease." As managers of his benefaction Mr. Strachan 
appointed "two advocatts, two wryters to the signett, and the 
presbitry of Edinburgh, at the sight of the lords of session." In 
addition to the general purposes of the trust, yearly grants are 
directed to be paid, from the income of the estate, for the following 
purposes, "to the advocates' poor yearly, for yr pains, fyftie merks 
scots ; and to the wryters to the signet, one hundred merks yearly," 
also "for the ministers of the presbitry, yr pains, yearly twenty 
pounds scots, to be payed to one of ym successively for an bible, and 
to begin with the moderator of the presbitry and yrafter yearly ilk 
one per vices, as the presbytery shall appoint." The benefit of the 
mortification is restricted by the managers to persons over sixty-three 
years of age who have fallen into poor circumstances, and to orphan 
children. The income of the charity is now about £1100 or £1200 
a year. 

On the death, in 1759, of Mr. John Watson, W.S., the society 
received the residue of his estate in trust for such pious and 
charitable uses within the city of Edinburgh as the trustees might 
choose. In 1822 an act of parliament was obtained enabling the 



HISTOEY OF THE SOCIETY ,,p ^fip^ ^ 

trustees to erect and endow " an hospital for the maintenance and 
education therein of destitute children, and bringing them up to be 
useful members of society, and also for assisting in their outset in 
life such of them as may be thought to deserve and require such aid." 
The hospital was completed in 1828. It is managed by fifteen 
directors, members of the society. Under the directors' admini- 
stration the funds of the trust have steadily increased, and they 
now amount to over £125,000. 

Mr. Joseph Thomson of Mortonhall of Eildon, by his deed of Thomson's 
settlement executed in 1774, conveyed the residue of his estate 
in trust, to form a perpetual fund for the purchase of oatmeal for 
poor householders within the city of Edinburgh not in receipt 
of parochial relief The original trustees named by Mr. Thomson 
having died, and others appointed ex officiis having failed to accept 
office, the deputy keeper of the signet became, in 1814, the sole 
trustee of the mortification. Under the administration of successive 
deputy keepers the fund has grown considerably in amount, and 
is now about £20,000. In dispensing this charity, rehef is given 
to such poor persons only as are recommended by ministers and 
missionaries working in the city. In this way about twelve hundred 
famihes in each year receive aid. 

Through the death, in 1828, of Mr. James Dick, a native of Dick bequest. 
Forres, who had made a fortune in the West Indies, the society 
became connected with an important bequest for " the maintenance 
and assistance of the country parochial schoolmasters" in the 
counties of Aberdeen, Banff, and Moray. The original trustees of 
the bequest were the keeper, the deputy keeper, the treasurer, and 
eight of the commissioners of the writers to the signet chosen by 
the society. But under a scheme framed by the Educational Endow- 
ments Commissioners of 1882, the governing body now consists of 
thirteen persons, of whom eight are elected by the commissioners of 
the signet. The capital sum which came at first under the manage- 
ment of the tnist amounted to £119,000, but it has now increased 



Ix 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEtlS TO THE SIGNfif 



Royal infinnary. 



Orphan hospital. 



Murray trust. 



Fettes college. 



to £125,000. The income of this fund is apportioned among 
schoolmasters of the landward parishes in the three counties, 
according to rules drawn up by the trustees. At the present 
time there are a hundred and twenty-seven schoolmasters in receipt 
of grants from the bequest. 

By the Edinburgh royal infirmary act of 1870, the society 
became entitled to appoint annually one of the twenty-one managers 
of the royal infirmary of Edinburgh. 

By a charter of king George ii., granted on the 25th June 1742, 
incorporating the orphan hospital of Edinburgh, the keeper, 
treasurer, and senior commissioner of the society are appointed 
members of the corporation. 

In 1880, under the trust settlement of Miss Mary Murray, 
who resided in Dysart, a bequest of X34,000 became vested in 
the keeper, deputy keeper, and commissioners of the signet, as 
trustees for the establishment of a hospital for the education of 
girls of respectable, poor parentage, to be household sei-vants. 
Along with the keeper and deputy keeper, six of the commissioners 
are appointed directors of the hospital. The practical work of 
this charity is carried on in the hospital premises at Prestonpans, 
which are held by the directors on lease. 

In terms of a scheme drawn up by the Educational Endow- 
ments Commissioners of 1882, the writers to the signet elect 
annually a governor of the Fettes trust. The governors of this 
endowment, coming in place of the testamentary trustees of sir 
William Fettes, baronet, are invested with the administration of 
Fettes coUege, and the estates and funds connected therewith. 



HEREDITY IN THE SOCIETY. 



Thei'e is always a hereditary tendency in professional life, but it 
is somewhat remarkable to find heredity so strongly developed as 
it has been among the writers to the signet. The same siu-names 
appear again and again upon the lists, and the connection of many 



HISTOKY OF THE SOCIETY Ixi 

families with the calUng has been kept up through a long series of 
years. The continuance of a family for three generations in the 
society is so common as hardly to attract attention. It is more 
notable to find such a race as the Russells of Braidshaw and Rosebui-n, 
connected with the body from 1711 till 1887, during which time 
six members of the family, constituting five generations, were 
writers to the signet. There have likewise been six Ferriers, six 
Foi'mans, and six Steuarts, all of the same families. The list 
contains also five Hamiltons of Presmennan, six Andersons of 
Inchyra, seven Balfours of Pilrig, seven Brodies of Lethen, five 
Tytlers of Woodhouselee, five Tods of Drygrange, seven Mackenzies 
of Portmore, five Dundases of Ochtertyre, and five Cuninghams of 
Newholm. 

ARMORIAL BEARINGS. 

On the 15th of August 1789, the society obtained from the Lyon 
king-of-ai-ms a grant of armorial bearings. From the minute re- 
ferring to the subject it seems that the device of the king's signet 
had been in previous use. The arms are registered as follows : 
"azure a saltyr argent, in the flanques two thistles or, and in chief 
and base the royal signet of the second, with this inscription on 
the edge, signetum regium." 

NOTARIES PUBLIC. 

In dealing with the history of the writers to the signet, mention 
should also be made of the society's connection with a very ancient 
body of legal practitioners — the notaries pubhc. In the medigeval 
period of Scottish history the notaries were almost the only con- 
veyancers, while the oflBce of advocate also was very generally 
discharged by them. Their rise was due to the action of the 
western emperors, who, claiming to be successors of the emperors 
of Rome, aspired also to make their courts fountains of law for all 
the European kingdoms. As the notaries of early times were 



Ixii THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

clerics, the pope, as head of the church, exercised along with the 
emperor the privilege of appointing them to the special office. 
In due time, however, the independent princes of Europe saw the 
advantage of having in their own hands the nomination of notaries 
within their territox-ies, and, one by one, they assumed for themselves 
such a right. Notaries constituted by authority of the pope and 
the emperor practised in Scotland from an early period, but king 
James iii., in 1469, was the first Scottish king who asserted a claim 
to commission notaries for his dominions. The act of parliament 
by which this result was carried through sets forth that "it is 
thocht expedient that sen our soverane lord hes ful jurisdictioune 
and fre impire within his realme, yat his hienes may mak notaris 
and tabellionis, quhais instrumentis sal have ful faith in all coutractis 
civile within ye realme. And, in tyme cumyn yt na notaris, maid, 
nor to be maid, be ye iraperor's autorite, have faith in contractis 
civile within ye realme, les yan he be examingt be ye ordinare, and 
apprieved be ye kingis hienes." There follows a clause saving the 
authority of the papal and imperial notaries " in tymes by-gane, in 
all their instrumentis." It is further provided by the act " yat 
notaris to be maid be our soverane lorde be examinit before yair 
ordinaris bishoppes, and have certificacioune of yame yat yai ar of 
faith, gude fame, science and lawte, according for ye said office." '»^''" 
It is difficult now to estimate fully the importance of this statute, 
because the duties of the early notaries were very different from 
those of their successors at the present day. It has been said they 
were the principal conveyancers of the kingdom, but they were 
much more. Scarcely any matter or business between parties 
could be undertaken without the presence of a notary. They were 
to be found in the king's palace, and in the castles of the nobles, 
acting as chroniclers of the ceremonies of war or peace. They 
were to be found in the midst of feuds and quarrels, even on the 
field of battle, recording as calmly as might be what they heard 
and saw. They appear in the courts of law and in the barons' 



\.>ivyA}l^ 'HISTQEY OF THE SOCIETY "■ 2-1^ ixui 

courts, taking protests against acts of injustice, and they also 
watched over the transference of land rights or of sums of money 
lent on heritable securities. They might be seen knocking loudly 
at a superior's gate to demand infeftment for a client, and ready 
to note the subsequent refusal or acquiescence. Again they were 
to be met recording the ejection of an intruder from a mansion or 
the extinguishing of a hearth fire at an eviction. All these and 
inany other transactions were incomplete unless a notary was present 
to write his " instrument " detailing the proceedings. So important 
an office, therefore, required special enactments and special safe- 
guards. 

The establishment of the court of session, and other changes 
in the economy of the law, greatly altered the position of notaries 
in our legal system; but the rules for their admission laid down 
in 1469 were but little altered for more than a century. From 
time to time acts of parliament were passed regulating the ex- 
aminations of intrant notaries. Notable among these are James iv. 
c. 64, 1503 ; James v. cc. 76 and 78, 1540 ; and Mary, c. 24, 1551 ; 
c. 44, 1555 ; cc. 78 and 79, 1563. By virtue of the last of these 
statutes, the lords of session and college of justice obtained the power, 
which they still exercise, of creating and admitting notaries public 
in Scotland. An act of the eleventh parliament of king James vi. 
c. 45, passed in 1587, "for remeid of the falsset and ignorance of 
sindrie notaries," requires that those to be admitted notaries should 
have " a reasonable understanding in the Latin tongue," and have 
served with one of the lords of session, commissaries, writers to 
the signet, or some of the sheriff', stewart, or bailie clerks of the 
shire or burghs.^ 

' As this act is still a ruling authority on the and stay for the space of five zeiris next efter 

subject, it may be well to give its terms :— the date of yir pfitis And yat nane be admittit 

For remeid of the falsset and ignorance of noteris thairefter hot yai that hes ressounable 

Sindrie notaris . . . vnderstanding in the latine toung and is at the 

" It IS statute and ordanit be his ma"* w' auise leiss congruus That yai have seruit and bene 

of the thrie estaitis of yis p&t parliamet That in cumpanie w* ane of the lordis of sessioun 

t,\\ admissioun of notaris in tyme earning ceis coinissns writtaris to ye signet or sum of theW 



1»T THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

An application for admission as a notaiy proceeded upon a 
petition presented to the court of session. A remit was then made 
to members of that body, styled " the lordis examinatoris," and, 
at least in the later practice, the applicant, if found qualified, was 
admitted by these examining judges without any report to the 
court. The work of examining thus entailed upon the lords of 
session, seems to have interfered with their other duties, and, 
on 31st December 1595, and 30th July 1691, acts of sederunt 
were passed stringently regulating the examination of notaries. 
The last-named act ordains, " that in time comeing, no person be 
admitted nottar, unless a petition be given in to the whole lords, in 
presentia, with a certificate under the hands of persones of credit 
attesting the petitioner to be a person of good fame, and that he 
hath had good breeding for qualifying him to excerce the trust of a 
nottar-publick ; and that exact tryall be taken by the ordinary on 
the bills for the time, and any other of the lords to be appoynted 
by them (being both mett together), of the person's knowledge and 
qualifications, conform to the acts of parliament which are in 
vigour, before he be admitted nottar." It came to be the rule 
that the certificate thus required should be signed by an advocate 
and a writer to the signet. The lords examinators reported to 
the court the result of their personal examination of the applicant, 
and, if their report was favourable, the court thereupon admitted 
the notary. These forms coming in time to be found burdensome, 
the two lords ordinary who acted as lords examinators, made a remit 

sref btewart or baillie clerkis of the schyre or ting and conginiitie be formig of sum enident 
coinoun clerkis of the heid burrowis of yis as charter of waird blenche fewferme burgage 
realine And haif seruit yame trewlie the full mortificatioun or apprising or of ane precept 
space of sevm zeiris and reporte y' testimonial! past or of ane reto'' or of clare costat or of ane in- 
of y' treuth and qualificatiouu to be schawin to feftment of resignatioun in favo'' or ad perpetuS 
the lordis of counsall in tyme of y'' examinatioun remanetiam or sum instrument of seising, or of 
qlkis sail tak cair in the same examinatioun be ane contract, a compromit, a procuratorie, a 
thame selffis or sum of yair awin clerkis or sum tak, a reversioun, acquittance, or sum vy' 
of the clerkis of the signet quhome yal pleiss cofnoun forme of evident And nsuie to be ad- 
call to thame for yat effect. And spcalie yai mittit bot be triall and pruif foirsaid. — Ads 
sail causs the ptie desirous to be admittit noter of Parliament (Thomson, edit. 1814), vol. iii, 
gif a put and full pruif in yair pfis of his -writ- p. 449, 



HISTOEY OP THE SOCIETY Ixv 

to two writers to the signet specially named, " to take the try all 
of the petitioners' qualifications as directed by the ffourty-fifth act 
of the eleventh parliament of king James the sixth, and to report." 
This last mode of procedure can be traced back as far as the year 
1736 ; and, from 1750 onwards, it has, with the modifications after- 
mentioned, been followed. 

In 1812, the minutes of this society bear that it was "resolved 
that it would be proper in future to appoint permanent examinators 
for the trial of applicants for the office of notary public." The 
change, thus proposed, meeting with the approval of the court, 
was adopted. Since 1886 the commissioners of the signet appointed 
to examine intrants to their society have also examined applicants 
for the office of notary pubhc, and this practice remains in force. 
By the law agents' act of 1873 any enrolled law agent wishing to 
become a notary pubUc may apply to the court of session to be 
admitted a notary, and the court may admit him and grant warrant 
for his enrolment on his paying the legal stamp-duty. 



CHAPTER II. 

THE LIBEARY. 

The library of the society, generally known as the signet 
LIBRARY, is not yet a hundred and seventy years old. It at 
present contains more than 82,000 volumes, and for many years 
has been growing at the rate of about 1000 volumes annually. The 
books are arranged in two large halls and in a number of smaller 
adjoining apartments. In the upper hall (138 feet by 41) are 
placed works of general Hterature, history, and science, English and 
foreign. The lower hall, which is used as the pubHc reading-room 
(104 feet by 41), contains the principal law-books, Scottish and 
Enghsh, as well as British history, topography and biography, 
with voyages and travels. Leading from the lower hall, and on 
the same floor, are the rooms assigned respectively to the deputy 
keeper of the signet and to the librarian, which, with the west 
lobby, are filled with books. Above are the commissioners' room 
and the session paper room, while below, on the basement floor, is 
a series of apartments known as the fiscal's or map room, the civil 
law room, and the magazine room, with three others, unnamed, and 
recently furnished with shelves, — making eleven in all. 
Law library, The germs of the library were created, on the 1 2th November 

1722,^ by an order of the society to the effect that aU the Scots 
law-books, and the acts of parliament passed before and after 
the union, should be procured at once, and that to these should be 
added all future pubhcations of the same kind as they appeared. 
The collection thus acquired was not a large one. The Scots law- 

By a misprint in Mr. Bell's Memorial foundation of the library is dated in 1752 ; and 
(Jardine's Collection of Signet Papers, vol. i.) the this error has been frequently repeated. 



THE LIBRAEY ■^-'^- Ixvii 

books then in print did not amount to more than sixty volumes 
in all. The books were to lie in the Signet Office, then located 
in Writers' Court. Before many months passed it was found ex- 
pedient to add sundry works of English law, and accordingly, on 
15th July 1723, we find authority given to the treasurer to pay 
forty shUlings sterling for the following books : CoweU's Latv 
Dictionary, Jacob's Accomplished Conveyancer, The Grand Pre- 
cedent by the same author, and a more recent publication, Green- 
wood on County Courts. 

There were at this time no regular funds set apart for the 
library ; and the treasurer, who was commissioned to make the 
requisite purchases of books, seems to have assumed some responsi- 
bility for their safe-keeping. He makes complaint to a general 
meeting in 1738 that certain volumes wei-e missing, and has inquiries 
made for their discovery and return. The manner in which the 
library fund originated is curious. The customaiy entertainments Library fund, 
given by intrants upon their admission to the society had apparently 
led to some abuses. The deputy keeper and commissioners, who 
had previously attempted to suppress these festivities, now (Feb. 3, 
1755) imposed a fine upon any intrant who should give an enter- 
tainment of the sort ; and, furthermore, " in consideration of this 
expense being saved to the intrants," enacted that each intrant in 
time to come should pay three guineas to be applied to the pur- 
chasing of books lor the society, and that any clerk of the society 
going to such entertainments should pay five guineas, by way of 
fine, towards the same fund. The result was so far satisfactoiy 
that, in the following January, the treasurer was able to report 
that he now held in his hands from this source about twenty-seven 
guineas, with which he was ready to purchase books. 

This original tax of three guineas was, in 1769, raised to £10 ; 
and in 1778 the payment was so divided that half the sum was 
paid on entering into indenture and half on admission into the 
society. In 1787 the whole sum was paid at the date of indenture. 



Ixviu THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

As, for a period of many years from this time the average number 

of apprentices was forty, this tax alone produced about £400 a year. 

General library, It was not till 1778, when this small law library had been in 

1788 • 

existence for more than half a century, that the society resolved 
to form a general library on a large scale, and with this view 
began to collect the best books in every department of literature. 
But the need of access to such a collection for the purposes of 
reference and research had been long felt. In 1740 a proposal had 
been made that the writers to the signet should be granted all 
the privileges of the members of the bar with regard to the 
advocates' library, which, at that time, was making great progress 
under its energetic keeper and " second founder," Mr. Kuddiman. 
A committee of members of the society met with the dean of the 
faculty and some of the leading advocates to make arrangements 
with this object, and a general meeting of the society, unani- 
mously approving the scheme, proposed to contribute fifty guineas 
to the funds of the advocates' library, and to burden each intrant 
with the payment of 100 merks Scots. The project, however, fell 
through. 
First curators. It may be said, therefore, that 1778 was the true date of the 

birth of the general library. Two curators, viz., Mr. Samuel 
Mitchelson, treasurer, and Mr. David Erskine, were appointed, with 
powers to purchase books. A stamp inscribed with the name of 
the society was placed upon the books. Important donations were 
made at various times by members of the society and their friends. 
Hew Dalrymple, lord Drummore, presented a fine copy of Domes- 
day, and Henry Dundas, viscount Melville, the lord advocate, 
procured a copy of the London Gazette to be regularly sent to 
the library. Mr. Andrew Stuart presented a set of the journals 
of both houses of parliament, in sixty volumes, folio ; Mr. Archi- 
bald Campbell of Succoth gave a good collection of the ancient 
classics. Meanwhile, as the books multiplied, the curators became 
unable to devote the necessary time to the work assigned to them, 



THE LIBEAEY Ixix 

or to grapple witli the difficulties arising from want of space. 
Changes were made from time to time in the number of curators and 
their mode of election. In 1788 there were five appointed, and in 
1792 nine. The books now numbered about 3000, and many were 
piled on the floor for want of shelf-room. The volumes had been 
removed from the signet office in 1782 to a new library room. 
But this room in turn had been filled to overflowing. There was 
still no regular librarian ; and a special committee, reporting on the 
state of the library (May 26, 1794), suggests that such an appoint- 
ment should be deferred until a new library room be procured, and 
that meantime "the charge of the books should be committed to 
Mr. John Cameron, who, indeed, for some considerable time, had 
had the management of them." ^ It is probable that we owe to 
Mr. Cameron the compilation of the first catalogue of the libraiy, 
printed at Edinburgh in octavo, 1792. 

This catalogue is a rough hand-list hastily drawn up and not free First catalogue. 
from errors, but it is interesting as presenting a view of the char- 
acter and contents of the collection at that early date, and indicating 
the aim which the curators had before them. Mr. Robert Bell, the 
lectui'er on conveyancing, in a memorial wliich he addressed to the 
society on the afiairs of the library in 1800, made great complaint 
of its insufficiency." He was ambitious that it should contain not 
only the standard works in every branch of study, but all historical 
muniments which could elucidate the former state of the country 
and the progress of her laws. He advocated a collection of portraits 
as well as of manuscripts. In the opinion of Mr. Bell, the collection 
already made was ill chosen. Yet it will be seen that its foun- 
dations were, even at this time, laid deeply if not broadly. The 
deficiency was, indeed, most patent in the department in which, 

'■ In 1792 Mr. Cameron was paid £11, lis. " at the rate of £25 a year, afterwards, in 1800, 
"for trouble." In 1795, notwithstanding the increased to £67. 

suggestion of the committee, there is payment - "Memorial relative to the library of the 

made to him of " salary as librarian by order, writers to the signet, etc., humbly submitted to 

the consideration of the members." 



of books. 



Ixx THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

judging from its present state, we should least expect it, viz., in 
the national literature. 
The collection The great European collections and works of research were 
already on the shelves. There were 182 volumes of the Academie 
des Sciences; 114 of the Acta Eruditorum Lipsice; Muratori's 
collection of Italian historians; Dom Bouquet's Histoire littercdre 
de France ; the thirty folios of the Byzantine historians ; the great 
collections of antiquities by Grsevius, Gronovius and Ugolini, and 
Gruter's Roman inscriptions. Ecclesiastical history was represented 
by the annals of Baronius, the works of Beausobre, Basnage, Tille- 
mont, and Mosheim ; Hebrew literature and criticism by Walton's 
polyglot, the Gritici Sacri, Surenhusius' Mischna, and the works 
of Bochart. There were also Kennicott's Hebrew bible, the Codex 
Alexandrmus of the Greek testament, Origen's Hexapla and the 
Patres Apostolici of Cotelerius. In French literature there were 
the works of Montaigne, Corneille, Moli^re, Racine, Voltaire, 
Rousseau, and Cr^billon ; in Italian, Machiavelli, Metastasio, Tasso, 
and Dante. But although there were Hebrew, Russian, Spanish 
and Italian bibles, there was no copy of the English version ; and 
while English poetry was represented by Milton and Pope, there 
was no edition of Shakespeare, and, what is perhaps more strange, 
none of sir David Lindsay, In light literature the society was 
content with Sterne's Tristram Shandy and his Sentimental Journey. 
In voyages and travels, now a strong feature of the libraiy, readers 
were limited to the collections of Hakluyt, Harris, and Provost. 
The ground-work of the present rich collection of British topography 
was already laid by the acquisition of some good county histories. 

The collection as a whole was certainly miscellaneous, and, while 
the departments of learning were unequally represented, in none was 
there an approach to completeness. The works were, however, not 
ill chosen if regai'ded as specimens of each class — solid blocks of 
literature placed here and there to mark the line of the foundations 
upon which it was intended to raise the superstructure. 



THE LIBEAEY Ixxi 

For a few years longer Mr. Cameron and Mr. Alexander Alison, 
the assistant clerk to the society, appear to have had charge of the 
books. The curators took pains to procure suitable additions to the 
library, but the practical management fell into comparative neglect. 
In 1804 Mr. George Sandy, who had passed W.S. in 1798, was ap- Mr. George Sandy, 
pointed one of a committee of four to draw up a report upon the state '''''''"■>*°- 
of the library. Books, it is said, were found in large numbers not 
stamped or entered in the catalogue ; and there were masses of books 
and papers unarranged and unbound, lying in various parts of the 
house, and several volumes missing altogether. For three months 
Mr. Sandy assiduously devoted himself to the task of re-arranging the 
books and restoring the library to its proper condition. An evidence 
of his industry remains in the inscription Ex lihris hihliothecce 
scriharum Signeto regio which he wrote in every volume then in 
possession of the society. He next turned his attention to the 
catalogue, and in order to remedy the defects in the list of 1792, 
and to bring it up to date, he undertook the compilation of a 
catalogue raisonnS, or classified catalogue, on an elaborate scale, not 
only specifying the titles of aU the separate pieces in the several 
collections or transactions of societies, but analysing the contents, 
or giving the heads of chapters, of important works. 

This catalogue, though certainly premature, was not without its 
use, seeing how largely the library at that time consisted of pub- 
lications of a cyclopaedic and polygraphic character. Mr. Sandy's 
volume was printed in quarto at the university press in 1805. His 
preface is dated May 15th of that year; but before the book was 
issued, the appointment of Mr. Macvey Napier as the official hbrarian Mr. Maovey 
of the society entirely changed the aspect of aftairs. For the next fi^rlriLx 
thirty years he was the soul of every enterprise in connection with 
the library, and to his energy and zeal is in a large measure due 
the merit of selecting and accumulating whatever is richest and 
most valuable in the present collection. 

Mr. Sandy, shortly after the completion of his catalogue, received 



Ixxii THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

the appointment of secretary to the bank of Scotland, and held 
that office for about thirty years. The society, however, elected him 
a curator of the library for life. He was a well-known character 
in Edinburgh, and his portrait or caricature, with a description of 
his features and figure, more forcible than flattering, may be seen 
in Crombie's Modern AtJmiians. Mr. Sandy died in 1853, 
Library building. But to retum to the history of the buildings. In 1778 when 
the library, as has been said, first emerged from its chrysalis state, 
the society was already contemplating the erection of a new hall 
and library room on ground which was at that time for sale, near 
the session house, " where the old burgh room stood." The cost 
of the new ground and building was to have been £3000, and the 
value of the old signet office was estimated at £200. The society 
however, after some negotiations, thought fit to abandon the scheme. 
Yet some increase of accommodation was imperative ; and when, two 
years later, Mr. Walter Scott, the father of sir Walter, and other 
influential members once more urged the acquisition of a set of rooms 
with a hall (35 feet by 22) for the sum of £2000, a large majority 
was in favour of the proposal. StUl nothing was done, until in 
1782 the society was content to purchase the house or flat im- 
mediately above the signet office in Writers' Court for a hall and 
hbrary (at £342), adding to it, in the following year, the house im- 
mediately below, which was purchased from Mr. James Marshall, W.S. 
An entry from the hall into the exchange was then made. Here 
was the library room, which contained the 3000 volumes catalogued 
in the list of 1792, and which the committee of 1794 reported to be 
" totally inadequate," from the great increase of books lately pur- 
chased. The hall, too, described as 29 feet by 18, "with a large 
table in the midst," was said to be not large enough for a fidl 
meeting of the society, which then numbered about 280 members. 

There was now some talk of acquiring part of the pubhc buUdings 
about to be erected in connection with the parliament house, but the 
project seenied too remote to be taken into practical consideration. 




LOWER HALL 



THE LIBEAEY Ixxiii 

In the last year of the century a definite proposal was made to 
purchase the house of Mr. Home Eigg in the Royal Bank Close 
— a proposal vigorously advocated in the above-mentioned memorial 
by Mr. Bell, who appends to his paper a plan of the building, with 
certain alterations intended to adapt it to the needs of the society. 
This house was to cost £2000. The principal apartment measured 
no more than 30 feet by 1 8, but there were six other rooms besides one 
intended for the signet office. Again the projected purchase failed 
to secure the suffrages of the majority. But, as on the former occasion 
(1782), the society preferred to enlai-ge its existing premises; and 
accordingly, in 1807, secured the adjoining house belonging to Mr. 
Ross for £220, and opened a door between the two houses. This 
gave the members a room, slightly larger than that in Mr. Home 
Rigg's house, and a residence for the officer. The new librarian, 
Mr. Napier, took an active part in the transaction. It was in this 
same year, 1807, that the curators opened a minute-book of then- 
proceedings, and the first entries have reference to the necessary 
alterations for the rearrangement of the books in the new building. 
The revenue of the library fund was now about £500. 

It is noteworthy that just six months after the books were re- New imii and library 
distributed in their new home, Mr. Napier reported that the time P"i'»'»ent Square. 
had now come when it appeared desirable for the society to co- 
operate with other public bodies in the acquisition of the area laid 
out for buildings in the vicinity of the parliament house. Shortly 
afterwards we find Mr. Reid, architect, who was empowered to 
treat with communities desirous of being accommodated in these 
buildings,^ attending at the request of the library committee to 
explain the plans he had drawn i;p. The space allotted to 
the society was on the lower floor of the building, on a level 

1 Trustees were named by act of parliament, library for the writera to the signet, "upon 

for the purpose of erecting certain public their agreeing to defray a rateable propor- 

buildings in immediate connection with the tion of the general expense. " — Report from the 

parliament house, and it was proposed to in- library committee, March 7th, 1 809 (Jardine's 

elude in the plan of these buildings a hall and Papers, vol. ii.), 

k 



Ixxiv THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

with the parliament house — into which there was to be a door 
opening frora the lobby upon the site of the old goldsmiths' hall 
— in length 103 feet, in breadth 38, and in height 20. At the ex- 
tremity of this space and adjoining the signet office — a part of the 
building for which provision was made in the act — it was proposed 
to have small rooms opening from the library for committee 
meetings, etc. The estimate of Mr. Reid, confirmed by an estimate 
furnished by Mr. Burns on behalf of the society, was £5000. 
£r . The committee calculated that, after the sale of the premises 
in Writers' Court, there would probably be a deficiency of £3000, 
and that the expenses of fitting up the new apartments would 
amount to £1000 more. On this supposition they proposed to 
borrow £4000 from the general or poor's fund, and to pay the 
interest by an annual subscription of one guinea from each member. 
The scheme was agreed upon at an annual meeting in March 1809. 
Various modifications of the plan of the building Avere subsequently 
made (November 1810) in certain details, especially with regard to 
the arrangement of the rooms at the west end of the library ; and 
there was considerable delay before the draft contract was completed. 
From November 1810 to January 1812 nothing was done. The 
society then called to their assistance Mr. Stark, architect, and 
instructed him to prepare detailed designs and working plans, to 
furnish them to Mr. Reid, and to inspect the work from time to 
time as it proceeded. The building was begun in November 1812 
and finished in March 1815. It was then found that there was 
due to the trustees the sum of £3424, 3s. 7d., in addition to the 
£5000 of the original estimate. £755, 10s. 3d. was to be paid to 
architects ; the painting and carpets had cost £1050 ; and a honor- 
arium of £525 was bestowed upon the librarian, who had through- 
out superintended the work in all its details. The total cost of 
the new buildings amounted, therefore, to £10,754, 13s. lOd. 
The old apartments in Writers' Court sold for £1600. It was 
now apparent that after the payment of the interest on the debt, 



THE LIBEAEY Ixxv 

and the salaries and other necessary annual expenses, there would, 
with the existing sources of income, remain very little for books. 
The tax on apprentices was accordingly now raised from £20 to £50, 
which, it was calculated, would amount to, at least, £2000, and 
would leave for the purchase of books £1286. This sum, adds the 
committee, "although apparently large, will be found to be not 
more than adequate for the expenditure necessary for preserving 
the high character the library has already most justly acquired." * 

The books now multiplied rapidly. From 1808 to 1814, in Expenditure 
the enlarged rooms in Writers' Court, the progress had been steady, °" books. 
the annual expenditure on books and bindings gradually advancing 
from £450 to £632. But in 1815 the curators recognised that this 
was not " nearly adequate to the double purpose of supplying the 
many deficiencies in useful literature and the new publications of 
interest." The average expenditure for the next seven years 
suddenly leapt to £1155 for books alone. In 1823 the sum so spent 
was £1575, exclusive of £256 for binding ; and in the following year 
the same accounts amounted to £1994, 12s. 3d. The library also 
received in 1821 a remarkable donation of Polish literature and 
works upon Poland, 180 volumes in all, from the count Constantin 
Zamoyski, in recognition of the courtesy shown by the society in 
allowing him and his friends the use of the library ; and his generous 
example was shortly aftei-wards followed by count Sobieski, who 
presented fifty additional volumes of the same kind. In 1825 it 
was reckoned that the number of books was five times what it had 
been in 1805, that is, probably about 30,000 volumes as compared 
with the 6000 of the former date. 

It is not surprising that the society should, by this time, have Acquisition of 
again felt the pressure of want of space. The apartment hitherto ^ ""^^^ 
used as a lecture room in the basement was in 1825 appropriated 
for books. In the following year, Mr. Napier reported that further 

' "E«port from the committee respecting the new hall and library, 24th November 1815."— 
Jardine's Collection, vol. ii. No. 20. 



Ixxvi THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS tO THE SIGNET? 

accommodation had been gained by the removal of the business of 
the signet office to the general register house, and he was looking 
forward with much satisfaction to the possession of "the noble 
library room lately purchased from the faculty of advocates." 
The room or hall referred to, occupying the floor above the signet 
library, formed part of the advocates' library. It was purchased by 
the society for the sum of £12,000 in 1826, but for a few years 
more the faculty of advocates retained the use of the room, paying 
rent to the society. In 1826, also, certain alterations were made 
in the lower floor or basement, and a sunk area was formed on the 
north side of the library. In 1829, Ave find Mr. Napier requiring 
the assistance of two sub-librarians, for (he reported), "besides 
the large room or hall, there are at present five apartments, one 
of very considerable dimensions, nearly filled with books, all of 
which apartments have been brought into use within the last few 
years. Two assistants will at least be necessaiy, even if not a 
third, when the upper hall comes into vise." 

Regulations for the management of the library, substantially 
those now in force, were at this date (1826) printed, and the 
librarian was instructed, that it was his duty " to attend to the 
selection and purchase of books, not merely the publications of 
the day, but all the works in the various departments of learn- 
ing, ancient and modem, proper for the formation of a general 
library on an extensive scale." As an example of the liberal 
manner in which this principle was put in practice, it may be 
noticed that in 1832, at a meeting of the curators, it was on the 
suggestion of the librarian, unanimously resolved to purchase the 
Cabinet die Roi for £120, and ffumholdt's Voyages for £160. 

At last in 1833 access was obtained to the upper hall. Thirteen 
thousand volumes were removed to this hall. Alterations were 
made in the staircase leading to it, and a new communication 
effected with the basement floor from the east end. 

About this time (1834-6), a number of portraits of eminent 




Ol 
Q. 

3 



THE LIBRARY 



Ixxvii 



members of the college of justice were acquired by or presented 
to the society, and hung upon the walls of the staircase and lobby 
leading to the new hall.^ 

The architectural features of the two halls and the rich display Dr. Dibdin's 
of literary treasures within them are described by Dr. Dibdin, who theHbra^in 
visited Edinburgh in 1837. This enthusiastic bibliographer and 1837. 
antiquary in characteristic language thus records his impressions on 
passing from the adjoining library of the faculty of advocates : — 

" We put on our hats, and it is scarcely more than a hundred 
paces to the neighbouring Paralii0e of 3Boke0 called the signet - 
LIBRARY. It is like ' the purple light ' of Virgil's Elysian fields, 
after the combined darkness and narrow limits from which we have 
just emerged. The site as well as the approaches to the library 
are everything we can wish them to be. Spacious, ornamental, 
commodious, and replenished thickly with goodly and gorgeous 
tomes, the whole has an absolutely palatial air. Grandees with fur 
cloaks should be the inmates. But let it not be supposed that the 
humblest aspirant may not obtain the volume of which he is in 
need, and that this interior is not frequented by students, artists, 
and readers of every grade and description. 



' Among these were a portrait of Hew Dal- 
ryinple, lord Drummore (d. 175o), painted by 
the younger Medina, and presented by Robert 
Henzies, W.S. ; another of Patrick Grant, lord 
Elchies (d. 1754), painted by Allan Ramsay, and 
presented by Richard Mackenzie of Dolphin - 
ton, deputy keeper, and a portrait of sir James 
Stewart of Goodtrees, bart., lord advocate in 
the reigns of William and Anne, presented by 
Mr. John Parker, S.S.C. A little later Mr. 
David Laing presented a portrait of Andrew 
Fletcher of Milton, lord justice-clerk and 
keeper of the signet, painted by Allan Ramsay. 
The lords justice-general Hope and Boyle, at 
the request of the society, sat for their portraits, 
which were painted by sir John Watson Gordon ; 
and in 1855 the society purchased the portrait of 
•Tames Anderson, W. S. , the author of Diplomala 
et Numiamala Scotict (d. 172S), by John Vande- 



brank. A portrait of Thomas Hay of Hnnting- 
<l(m, keeper of the signet (d. 1755), Wiis pre- 
sented by his granddaughter, Miss Hay. Two 
notable Raeburns also now hang on the walls 
— David Hume, professor of Scots law in the 
university of Edinburgh, afterwards one of 
the barons of exchequer (d. 1838), and Robert 
Blair of Avonton, lord justice-general, painted 
in 1811. The portrait of George Dallas, W.S., 
author of the 8y stem of Styles (\GiS>l) was copied 
from the original, in the possession of his great- 
grandson WiUiam Dallas, W.S., painted by air 
John Medina. Mr. James T. Gibson Craig, 
W.S., presented the portrait of his father sir 
James Gibson Craig of Riccarton (d. 1850), and 
a bust of him by Thomas Campbell. There is 
also in the lobby a marble bust, by the same 
sculptor, of Colin Mackenzie of Portmore, 
deputy keeper, who died in 1832. 



Ixxviii THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

" One man is climbing the heights of Chimborazo in a marvel- 
lously fine set of Humboldt's travels : another is measuring a 
portion of the Coliseum in a set of Firanesi's works, of equal 
splendour and perfection : a third is lost in astonishment at the 
wild gambols of some savages in a proof impression of one of the 
plates of Be Bnj : a fourth is mounting a pyramid in Denon's Egypt : 
while yonder is an active group busied in gazing upon the statues 
of the Florentine and Clementine museums. Apart sits a solemn 
student, extracting from the lore of the Acta Sanctorum, in a copy 
of that work which had been Meerman's, and which, as far as my 
own experience goes, is unrivalled for ligature and condition. And 
then such a beautiful set of Plcart ! But this is highly irregular. 
My good friend, the newly appointed librarian of this collection, 
Mr. David Laing, stands on the landing-place of the upper room to 
receive me. I had first, however, surveyed the lower room. Each 
room is 120 feet in length ;^ and enfiladed — especially in the lower 
one — by two such long rows of Doric columns, so closely communi- 
cating with each other, that the effect is most singular — and 
certainly not in the best taste. You would fancy in a little time, 
that these pillars would leave their resting-places, and go down a 
country dance with their opposite neighbours. The upper room is 
as thickly studded with pillars as the lower ; but they are less 
heavy, and fluted — of the Ionic order.^ The whole effect of this 
upper room is exceedingly beautiful as well as novel : while the 
central cupola, filled with an allegorical painting by Stothard,^ adds 
to the lightsomeness and splendour of the interior. My last visit to 

' The more correct measurements have been traits of orators, poets, historians and philo- 

given above, p. Ixxi. sophers. Opposite Apollo is Demosthenes with 

* Rather, of the Corinthian order. Cicero on his right, and Herodotus and Livy 

' This painting was begun by Stotliard on his left. The modern historians and philoso- 

June 4th, and finished August 1st, 1S22, when phers are Hume, Robertson, Gibbon, Sir Isaac 

the hall was in the possession of the advocates. Newton, Lord Bacon, Napier of Merchiston, 

This design, which Mrs. Bray {Life of Thomas and Adam Smith. In the group of poets 

Stothard, p. 166), describes as " a splendid Homer occupies the centre, with Shakesi>eare 

monument of his genius," represents Apollo and and Burns on his right, and Milton and Virgil 

the Muses in the centre, surrounded by por- on his left. 



rrr-'j-yrc,, rrrrr r THE LIBRARY -Trfrnt)" m? r ixxix 

this interior was in company with Macvey Napier, Esq., the late 
librarian ; who kindly devoted the better part of an hour to give 
me a precis of its contents. The plan is admirable. No pains have 
been spared to render this fine collection of books of real service to 
the studious. Long sets of the most costly volumes — such as are 
beyond the means of ordinary private purses to procure — are here 
duly arranged — to captivate the eye and warm the heart of the 
tasteful. A spirit of liberality has been evinced, such as I find 
nowhere to the south ; and if Edinburgh produce not a genuine 
breed of all that is good and gracious in boke=lore, the fault must not 
be laid at the doors of those to whom this magnificent and richly 
furnished library is intrusted. 

"In the whole, there may be (as was stated to me) 40,000 
volumes in this collection. The materiel — as I chuse to designate 
it — is admirable. Below, there are abundant small rooms for maps, 
journals, and periodicals. Here business is done. Above, the fruits 
of that business palpably appear. When George iv. visited Edin- 
burgh, he was, as he well might be, struck and delighted with the 
beauty of the upper library. It will always have pleasing re- 
miniscences for me : for a more friendly and gratifying hour was 
never spent in any library, than that which I spent here in com- 
pany with its late distinguished librarian." 

In 1837 Mr. Macvey Napier, having been appointed one of Mr. Napier's 
the principal clerks of session, resigned the office of librarian. In «°'^''^^i'»^™«'"'- 
a letter conveying his resignation to the curators, dated April 12th, 
he wrote : — 

" I found it a small, yet viewed with reference to its contents 
a valuable, collection, for it had been formed chiefly by three mem- 
bers of the body possessing great zeal and intelligence, and no 
inconsiderable literary attainments and reputation, viz., Mr. John 
Davidson, Mr. William Tytler, and Mr. David Erskine. It has been 

^^ A Bibliographical, Antiquarian, a7id Pictur- and Scotland, by Thomas F. Dibdia, DJ), 
etqueTour in the Northern Counties of England (Lond. : 1838), vol. iL p. 600. ^^^ >' ' 



Ixxx THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

by following their example, in procuring books, the possession of 
which imparts lustre to a library, and in filling up systematically 
the blanks in those departments more specially interesting to a 
society like ours — an object which the ample funds, for many years 
placed at my disposal, enabled me to accomplish — that I now leave 
it one of the choicest and most valuable repositories of learning this 
part of the island possesses. No one can ever again witness or aid 
such changes in its progress as have occurred during the last thirty 
years — changes which, from an obscure, murky and dangerous 
neighbourhood, have placed it prominently in the public eye, in 
apartments every way worthy of a great society, and which form 
one of the ornaments of this beautiful city." 

Mr. Napier left the library with a little less than half its 
present number of volumes. His extensive knowledge of books, 
which the variety of his own literary pursuits compelled him to 
keep well up to date, admirably fitted him for the selection of the 
best works on every requisite subject. In the year of his appoint- 
ment as librarian, he wrote his first article in the Edinburgh 
Review, of Avhich in 1829, and thenceforward during its most 
flourishing period, he was the editor. He was also the editor of 
the supplement to the EncyclopcBdia Britannica, published in six 
volumes in 1824, and of the seventh edition, in twenty-one volumes, 
which first went to press in 1830. In 1816, he was made lecturer 
on conveyancing to the society, and continued to hold the same 
office when in 1824 it was converted into a professorship at the 
university. He died in 1846. 
Mr. Da\'id Laing, Mr. David Laing was elected Mr. Napier's successor as libra- 

1 ranan, . ^.^^ June 21, 1837. This illustrious scholar, who lived to edit 
some eighty separate works of Scottish literature and history, and 
obtained a European reputation as the facile princeps of Scottish 
antiquaries, was, when quite in his youth and acting as assistant to 
his father, William Laing, the Edinburgh bookseller — already recog- 
nised as a most genuine specimen of the old-fashioned bibliopole, 



THE LIBEAKY Ixxxi 

possessing " a truly wonderful degree of skill and knowledge in 
almost all departments of bibliography." In 1818, when in his 
twenty-fifth year, he was one of the candidates for the keepership 
of the advocates' library. In 1823, on the institution of the Banna- 
tyne club, under the presidency of his friend sir Walter Scott, he 
was installed as its secretary, a post which he occupied until the 
dissolution of the club. In 1824, he was elected a fellow of the 
society of antiquaries, for which he acted for many years as foreign 
secretary ; and there was scarcely a volume of the Transactions 
to which he was not in some measure a contributor. The testi- 
monials which Mr. Laing brought in support of his candidature for 
the signet library were furnished to him by some twenty of the 
most eminent men of letters in England and Scotland. " Upon 
the strength of such testimonials," exclaimed Dr. Dibdin, " he 
ought to continue librarian for the next centviry." He in fact did 
so continue for forty -one years. 

Unfortunately, just at the moment of Mr. Laing's appointment, Depression 
the funds of the society were suffering from an unwonted depres- °^ ^""''^' 
sion ; and for the next ten years or more, the increase of the library 
was by no means on a par with that in the preceding twenty. In 
1857, a further restriction in the purchase of books was found to be 
necessary. The sum allowed for that purpose was, indeed, in one 
year reduced to £150. It is not therefore surprising that, a 
few years later, the librarian was compelled to report that the 
library was "falling into arrears in aU departments of literature 
except perhaps that of law." The funds, however, before long 
recovered their normal condition, but the society thought fit to 
continue for many years a certain restriction upon the expenditure 
in order to form a reserve fund. Thus from 1867 to 1877, the 
annual amount spent on books and binding averaged no more than 
£298; whereas the average for the ten years 1823-1833 was 
£1500, reaching on one occasion a total of £4044. Yet, notwith- 
standing the comparative smallness of the sum at his disposal, 

I 



Ixxxii THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

Mr. Laing's unrivalled knowledge of books, especially of such as 
were connected with the national history and literature, enabled 
him, at a time when bargains could be made more easily than now, to 
acquire for the library many rare and precious volumes. Meanwhile, 
many improvements were effected in the library in other directions. 
Catalogues The curators attached great importance to the possession of 

of library. complete and accessible catalogues. On Mr. Napier's accession to 
the office of librarian, the only available catalogue was the some- 
what impracticable classified catalogue of Mr. Sandy, already 
described. During the period of the rapid increase of books which 
, followed, the curators were content to print a succession of supple- 
ments to this catalogue. The first of these appeared in 1820, con- 
taining the increase of ten years, arranged alphabetically according 
to authors in the ordinary manner. Six years later (1826) appeared 
another supplement equal in bulk to the former. In 1833 Mr, 
Sandy's thick quarto volume was recast with an alphabetical arrange- 
ment, and reduced in size, in uniformity with the supplements, and 
entitled part i. In the same year a third supplement, or part iv., 
was printed, comprising the additions since 1826. Thus the entire 
catalogue was made up of four equal divisions, running through four 
separate alphabets. To mitigate this obvious inconvenience an index 
to the whole was immediately projected by Mr. Shiells, one of the 
assistant librarians ; but this was not completed and printed until 
1837, shortly after Mr. Napier's resignation. This index, occupying 
282 pages quarto in double columns, though primarily occasioned by 
the accident of the quadruple form of the general catalogue, was, in 
fact, an elaborate subject-index on a scale seldom before attempted, 
and it proved to be of the greatest practical value long after the 
general or authors' catalogue, to which it was appended, had ceased 
to be in common use. 

No new catalogues were attempted for more than twenty years. 
But in 1849 the society authorised a grant of £150 a year towards 
the expenses of preparing and printing a new general catalogue. 



■-/ ,■ 1».- 



THE LIBKAEY Ixxxui 



This was completed in manuscript, occupying fifteen folio volumes, 
by the end of 1855. In the meanwhile there was a project of 
printing a series of classified catalogues of the libraiy in sections. 
Mr, William Ivory, W.S., undertook the department of law, Mr. 
Andrew Murray, W.S., was to compile a catalogue of the works on 
natural history and science, and Mr. Laing was himself engaged 
upon the class of British antiquities and topography. Mr. Ivory's 
labours alone issued in a successful result. On his recommendation 
the collection of civil law and foreign jurisprudence was very much 
enlarged, and his classified catalogue, enriched with historical and 
critical notes, was fairly adjudged to be the best arranged law 
catalogue then in existence. It was now resolved to print the 
general or authors' catalogue. The first sheets were sent to the 
press in 1865, and the first volume (A — L) was completed and 
circulated in 1871. Before the printing of the second volume had 
advanced further than the letter N, Mr. Laing died, October 
18, 1878. 

The present librarian, Mr. Thomas Graves Law was elected Mr. T. G. Law, 
March 24, 1879. The curators took the opportunity of his appoint- "^'■*"^"- 
ment to reaffirm the prmciple laid down in 1853, that "the funds 
of the society should be applied to procuring such books as are 
absolutely necessary for a public library, such as systematic treatises 
useful for reference and consultation, and particularly those books on 
history, philosophy, the arts and sciences, of an expensive descrip- 
tion, which are not generally to be found in private libraries." 
Instructions were also given to the librarian that the blanks which 
had occurred in these departments, owing to the recent limitation of 
the funds, should be gradually and systematically filled up. 

Over 1800 volumes lying unbound were sent to the binder. 
The general catalogue was then proceeded with. The second volume, 
with a supplement, was issued early in 1883. Meanwhile, an in- 
ventory or shelf list was taken of all the books as they stood in 
their presses, and a slip catalogue made of a collection of 20,000 



Ixxxiv THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

pamphlets, which, on Mr. Laiiig's plan, had not been entered in the 
general catalogue ; and finally, a subject-index was compiled on the 
lines of Mr. Shiells' index of 1837. This index is now passing 
through the press, and when issued will be accompanied by a second 
supplement containing the accessions to the library since 1882. 
Comparative The library which has thus grown up out of the resolution of 

signet library, the Society in 1778, and which now takes rank with the chief public 
libraries of the United Kingdom, is yet essentially a private library. 
It is spoken of as a public library, only inasmuch as the society has 
at all times offered to strangers every reasonable access to its 
treasures. A view of its relation to other institutions of the kind 
may therefore be of interest. In Scotland it is surpassed in size 
and value by only five libraries, viz., those of the faculty of 
advocates and the four universities. These ancient fovmdations 
have had the privilege and advantage derived from the copy- 
right act, which entitled them to receive without payment copies of 
every book entered at Stationers' -hall ; and the universities which 
no longer possess this right have had it commuted for an annual 
grant of money from the public funds. The signet library, again, 
is outnumbered in volumes by, perhaps, a dozen libraries in London, 
by two in Cambridge, by the Bodleian in Oxford, and by Trinity 
CoUege library in Dublin. But outside of London and the imi- 
versities, it is surpassed only by the new free libraries, supported by 
the rates, in such large towns as Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham, 
Leeds, and possibly Sheffield and Salford. But, on the other hand, 
the signet library, although it has had from time to time some valu- 
able gifts from authors, editors, or private friends, has never received 
a single grant of money or books from public sources. It possesses 
no endowment. It has been raised from first to last without any 
extraneous aid, by the annual income of the society, the fees of 
intrants, and the contributions of members. It may be safely said 
that no other professional community — whether legal, medical, or 
ecclesiastical — no scientific academy or society, in the whole of the 



THE LIBEARY bcxxv 

United Kingdom can point to a collection of equal dimensions 
foimed by similar means. 

The story of the library thus far may be said to end, as it began, 
with the struggles of its curators to provide room for its healthy and 
inevitable growth. A library which ceases to grow soon becomes a 
collection of curiosities, interesting mainly to the antiquary. Old 
books are useful and profitable in proportion as they can be brought 
into contact with the newest and freshest. During the last ten 
years room has had to be found for as many thousands of volumes, 
while vacant corners and cellars in the basement, for lack of better 
accommodation, have been fitted up with shelves for their recep- 
tion. But, as the laudable ambition and enterprise which have 
founded and enriched the collection show no sign of abatement, the 
signet library has yet a promising future, and this brief sketch 
tells but the first chapter of its history. 



CHAPTER III. 

THE FINANCES. 

The materials for the financial history of the society before the 
close of the last century are comparatively meagre and intermittent. 
The accounts of the treasurers of a date earlier than 1793 have not 
been preserved, and prior to that time the facts have to be gathered 
from information incidentally supplied in the minutes. 

Sources of For more than a hundred years after the commencement of the 

existing minutes (1594), the society possessed neither library nor 
house ; and the calls upon its funds appear to have been almost 
exclusively in aid of indigent and infirm members, or the widows of 
members. A main source of the income of those days arose from 

Fines. the fines levied upon members for transgressions of the rules of the 

brotherhood. Some of these fines have been already referred to in 
the first chapter.^ Thus, a fine of forty shillings was exacted from 
all members who neglected to attend meetings of the society when 
called upon to do so by the officer, and the money in this case, as 
in other instances, is expressly set apart ad pios usus.^ There was 
a fine of ten shillings imposed, in January 1606, for not delivering 
" ane copie of their servandis and prenteis hand writtis." The sum 
of five pounds was to be paid by any writer found drinking in taverns 
in time of session. It was in 1647 that the noteworthy rule was 
made, imposing a fine of 12s. upon any writer who should absent 
himself from the burial of another member, his wife or children. 
In 1610 George Mak was appointed to pass through the brethren's 
booths " and tak tryall quhat enormities and contraventionis are 
committed against the actis, and to report monthly, under the pain 
of 40s. each month." 

' Supra, p. xxiv. ' Abstract of minutes, jj{/V«, p. 230 ; compare pp. 244, 247, 254, 270, 277. 



THE FINANCES Ixxxvii 

Other sums were derived from the dues paid by apprentices and Dues of appren- 
intrants. These payments varied in amount from time to time." intrants. 
On 23d June 1628 John Tais was bound for three years and paid 
" an angeL" There are entries of payments for apprentices of £3 : 6 : 8 
each, in the same year; and of ten merks in 1642, 1649, and 1658. 
In 1656 it was resolved that each writer should on his admission 
pay ten merks. This sum was in the following year raised to twenty 
merks, and in 1671 each intrant had to pay "fourtie merks Scots 
money to the poores box and twentie merks to the clerk." 

It is obvious that the sums accumulated from such sources at 
this period can never have been large. In 1594, as we have 
already seen,^ the number of members was expressly restricted 
to 24 ; and half a century later, during the Protectorate, it was 
similarly limited to 36. After that date, indeed, as the keeper 
in a memorial addressed to the secretaries of state, complained, the 
society increased "immoderately," so that in 1731 their number 
had reached 110 ; but the increase was "to the great loss of the 
whole body, for half the members could not possibly live upon their 
incomes, and hence a larger proportion of aged and infirm brethren 
was brought to depend upon the society's funds for maintenance." * 

The " poores box " above mentioned is frequently referred to in Box for funds, 
the minutes, and was treated with some formality. This box was in 
the hands of the clerk, and was used for keeping the funds as well 
as the securities for money lent, at least up to 1692. Thus, on the 
3d December 1616,* the application of Andro Hamilton "for some 
help and supplie to his grite necessitie, and as he that sumtyme had 
servit sum of the brethren," was read and considered, and the whole 
brethren voted twenty pounds " out of certane money that wes in 
ane box of tymmer of thairs in the handis of Thomas M'Aulay 
thair clerk, upon condition that the said Andrew should not 
trouble the members with " ony forder sute in tyme cuming " ; 

1 Infra, pp. 246, 252, 253, 256, 269, 272, 277, 281. 313, 329, 330, 334, 366, 370. 

2 Suyra, p. xxii. > Infra, pp. 289-392. * Infra, p. 250. 



Ixxxviii THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 



Appointment of 
a treasurer. 



Auditors. 



and upon a similar application made in August 1618 by Mr. 
Adam Hall, who had been some time " ane advocat and sua ane 
brother," the Commissioners agreed to give him £20, " as the 
rest of sum money in ane tymmer box." In 1627 there was 
apparently need of another box, for on the 24th December in that 
year it was agreed "to have a box for the fines and unlaws "with 
two keys, one to be held by the keeper of the register and the 
other by Robert Alschinder, keeper of the signet ; " and in June 
following there is record of "20 merks debursit for making of 
the box." On the same day, in presence of the commissioners 
the " unlaws " of George Haliburton, Robert Wallace, and David 
Crichton, amounting to £9, 16s., were put in the box. 

It was not until 1656 that a treasurer was annually appointed 
" for keeping the box and employing the money on sufficient security 
in his own name for the weill of the body." The president now 
held one key, and the treasurer the other ; while the box was to be 
opened and the money employed only by the advice of the conunis- 
sioners. The treasurer soon needed yet another box, and one of a 
more expensive character, for he reports in 1667 that he " had bocht 
ane box with locks and bands for the use of the calhng at the sight 
of the keeper of his majesties signet, and that he had payde 
therefoire fourtie-two pounds two shillings." ' 

Committees were from time to time appointed as auditors to 
" sicht the box," or to " take tryall of the box and conditions thairof 
and bandis and assignatiounis thairin contenit, and to report to 
the bretherne." One such committee reports (January 9, 1647) 
that it finds, with various securities, an assignation by the late 
Thomas M'Awlay to the brethren of a bond of 1000 merks granted 
to him by the laird of Kilspindie, "bot findis not the bande." 
They find other assignations, one of 500 merks and another of 
350, but in each case " missis the band." The bonds, however, 



1 This is probably the box which is still pre- 
served in the library, and which is figured 
«i,t the end of this section. In an abstract 



of accounts there appears an entry, " Old 
boxes sold, £9, 2s. 6d," 



TaKDT-:? WR" THE FINANCES Ixxxix 

were ultimately recovered. The committee find no money in 
the box save two new dollars and some notes, whereof £89 Scots 
are bestowed " on pious uses." 

On April 30th, 1683, a repoi't upon James Allan's accounts 
shows charge and ready money £738, 13s. 4d, discharge £725, 6s. 8d. ; 
"the balance due by the compter £13, 6s. 8d." On March 14th, 
1688, the auditors find that there is due to the society, of good 
debts £6231, 17s. 2d. (Scots), and of bad debts £1614, 5s. The 
yearly pension to the poor, servants' fees, and occasional charitable 
supplies, are stated at £677. 

In August 1695 the society took an important step which marks Acquisition of 
a new departure in its financial as well as in its social history. The *'^^* °®°^' 
increase in the number of pensioners required an augmentation of 
the funds for their relief. A previous act exacting payment from 
members of £3 annually for this purpose had proved for the most 
part ineffectual. It was now proposed that the society should pur- 
chase a house to serve as signet office and place of meeting. The 
price of this house was to be contributed "out of the wryters their 
own private pockets" and every writer was to give at least 100 
merks in lieu of the aforesaid annual subscription of £3 ; or, other- 
wise he and his posterity were to be " for ever excluded the benefite 
of the poore box, except such as shall be excused by the body of the 
writers ; and in case this sum should fall short of the price of the 
house, the present stock of the poor be made use of to supply what 
shall be wanting." The annual rent of the house was to be paid 
into the poor's fund. There was said to be a building "by Robert i 

Milne of Alexander Crombie's land," where a convenient house of 
the kind might be secured, and it was agreed to convene a general 
meeting the next day in the parliament house to consider the motion. 

Accordingly, on August 15th, 1695, a committee was appointed 
to meet with Robert Mylne and Patrick Steele, to treat with them 
anent the purchase of the house. Finally the house in question was 
acquired for the sum of 5500 merks ; and the keeper, commissioners, 

111 



xc 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 



Grants of 
pensions. 



Library fund. 



and writers approving of the transaction {June 1696), appoint the 
contributions to be paid to the treasurer before Candlemas next, 
and determine^ that those who do not contribute shall continue to 
pay the previous tax of £3 annually and have their letters stopped 
vuitil their bygone dues are paid. The commissioners now let to 
the keeper this same "lodging with its cellars and garrets" for the 
current year at 300 merks, seeing that the house is not fully 
furnished, and for subsequent years at a rent of £20 sterling. In 
the same year (1696) John M'Farlane, the treasurer, reports that 
the stock belonging to the calling extends to "about twelve 
thousand merks or thereby, by and attour the pryce of the lodgings 
lately bought by them." 

In 1706 the pensions granted by the society are stated at £699 
(omitting shillings and pence). In 1711 the treasurer is ordered to 
pay "the new establishment of pensions," £943. The distribution 
to the poor in 1738 is set down at £850 ; in 1742 at £950 ; in 1744 
at £1416 ; in the following year at £1404; whUe in 1746 it had 
fallen to £1176 Scots. On 27th December 1759 it was agreed to 
augment the pensions to widows to £12 sterling each, and on 8th 
March 1765 they were advanced to £20 sterling ; but it does not 
appear how many widows were then on the roll. 

While, however, the funds of the society were hitherto mainly 
devoted to the relief of poor members and their families, means 
had been found to contribute largely, as has been stated,^ to other 
benevolent and patriotic objects. 

Meanwhile, a new and heavy demand upon the resources of the 
society arose from the establishment of the library, of which an 
account is given in the preceding chapter. It was soon found 
necessary to institute a separate library fund, supported mainly by 
payments exacted from apprentices and intrants. The entrance fee 
of writers had in 1736 been fixed at 500 merks. In 1755 it was 
resolved that each intrant should pay three guineas towards the 



liv, Iv, Ivi. 



THE FINANCES xci 

purchase of books, and in 1769 this tax was raised to £20 sterHng. 
In 1779 apprentices paid £5 to the library in part payment of the 
£10 to be paid by intrants. 

The end of the eighteenth century found the society still occu- 
pymg a comparatively small house (notwithstanding sundry addi- 
tions made to the original lodging acquired in 1696), and possessmg 
a library of little more than 3000 volumes, in Writers' Court. The 
funds of the society had, however, considerably increased, and from 
1792 we have full information regai'ding its financial transactions 
in the occasional abstracts and reports printed by order.* 

For example, we find that in this year 1792 the society possessed Fuuda in 1792. 
from the poor's fund an income of £825. Thus : 
Money lent on securities to the amount of 

£9921 bore as interest, .... £494 14 8 

An annuity payable by the trustees of 

John Strachan of Craigcrook," . . . 5 110 
The rent of the signet office, . . . 20 
Rent of a house in Gavin! och's land belong- 
ing to the society, 14 

Carryforward, £534 5 8 

' They will be found in the collection of signet Report of committee on the funds of the 

papers formed by sir Henry Jardine and others, society (1830), with appendix on the state of 

and now preserved in the library. See : — the income and expenditure of the general fund. 

Abstract of funds of the society of writers to 1823-1829 (Jardine, iv.). 
the signet, for ten years from 1st January 1792 to Abstract of accounts, December 1829-Deoem- 

1st January 1802 (Jardine's Collection, vol. i.). ber 1833 (Jardine, iv.). 

Report from the committee respecting the r ^ of the committee on funds, 21st Jan- 
new hall and hbrary, 24th November 1815. jgae (Jardine, iv.). 

Supplementary report, 5th December 1815 „ ^ i, . , r ^i • ^ j t ... 

(Jardine vol ii ) Report on the funds of the society and of the 

Report of ihe committee on the new hall and "°"*^i^*?" *° *^ '^'^'"'^' ^"°'^' •^'""' "^'^ 

library, 1st February 1816. ^^ {3>^Tdme, iV. ). 

Abstract of the accounts of the intromissions Extract from minutes of the meeting of the 

of the late Richard Hotchkiss, ex-treasurer, unitedcommittees on funds and the library, with 

etc., with library fund of the society, and view memorials ■^^ queries for the treasurer of the 

of the tangible fund of the library, 1806-1826 society, 6th February 1824 (folio collection). 

(Jardine, iii.). Report of the curators of the library and corn- 
Abstract of accounts of the intromissions mittee on funds, 1857 (Reports, 8vo collection). 

of Richard Mackenzie, treasurer, 1826-1829 

(Jardine, iii.). » See supra, p. Iviii. 



xcii THE SOCIETY OE WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 



Brought forward, 
Dividends from Edinburgh friendly insur- 
ance company on the society's property, 
insured on the old plan, .... 
Dues from eight intrants at £27, 15s. 7d., . 
„ forty-foul- indentures at £1, 
,, eighteen clerks entered at the 
signet office, who had not paid before as 
apprentices, 



The Expenditure included 
Salary of treasurer, 
„ liis clerks, 
Society's exti-actor, 
Officer, 
Hall-keeper, 
Fees to officers, . 
Interest to Aberdour hospital, 
Pension to three brethren at £30, 
Three-fourths of another. 
Pensions to nine widows at £25, . 
Allowance to families and relations per 

warrant, . 
Miscellaneous articles, 



£534 


5 


8 


6 


19 


H 


222 


4 


8 


44 









18 

£825 9 8^ 

£5 

10 10 

15 

10 

4 

18 15 4 

20 

90 

22 10 

225 

414 

15 11 

£857 6 5 



The amount of library fund at same date was, £1363, 2s. 3|d. 
The Income consisted of — 

Dues paid by eight intrants at £5, . . £40 

Dues paid by forty-three apprentices, at £10, 430 

Interest, 10 18 






H 



£480 18 li 



THE FINANCES if* xciii 

The discharge consisted of cash paid for books, etc., £230, 8s. 5d. 

A notable event in connection with the financial history of the The new library 
society was the arrangement made in 1809 by which the society parii^ent" 
agreed to erect, in the ParUament Square, the present lower hall Square. 
and adjoining apartments on the same floor, for the estimated 
sum of £5000. To raise the money it was resolved to sell the 
old tenement (which was eventually done for £1600) and to borrow 
the remainder from the poor's or general fund. The interest of 
the sum so borrowed was paid, as before mentioned, by an annual 
contribution of one guinea from each member.^ 

The new buildings were not completed tUl 1815, when the actual 
expenditure had so far exceeded the estimated cost as to amount to 
not less than £12,000. 

A committee appointed to consider the state of the finances 
reported, in November 1815, that the existing revenue applicable 
to the support of the library at this time arose from the £20 fee 
paid by apprentices, from the annual tax of a guinea which gave 
£300, and from the tax on precepts passing the signet,^ which 
averaged £60. The apprentice sum payable was now raised from 
£20 to £50. There had been on an average, during the preceding 
six years, forty -five apprentices admitted annually. The committee, 
assuming that there would be at least forty in futxire years, set 
down £2000 a year as a moderate estimate of the income to be 
expected from this source alone. The expenditure upon books had 
been in 1809, £450, and in 1814, £682. It was hoped that 

1 See supra, p. Ixxiv. vocation, and five shillings upon each signature 

' The first recorded instance in the minutes passing the signet." But as the buUding con- 

of the society exercising the right of levying templated was not proceeded with, probably the 

extra dues or taxes on letters passing the signet tax at the signet was not levied. In the " act 

was on 12th February 1753, in reference to a anent the future management of the society's 

proposal to erect offices for the custom house stock, 16th January 1744 " {Jardi7ie Papers, 

and clerks of session, in which the society was vol. i.), the keeper and commissioners state that 

to have a hall rent free. It was unanimously " a considerable part of the present public stock 

agreed to contribute 500 guineas towards the and fund have arisen from a voluntary tax im- 

expense and to raise the amount "by a tax posed by a general meeting of the whole body 

at the signet of one penny sterling upon each on letters and others passing the signet, which 

homing, sixpence upon each suspension or ad- tax still subsists." 



XCIV 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 



Financial 
difficulties. 



Further 
difficulties. 



the increased revenues would admit of an additional expenditure 
of £300. 

Before, however, many years had passed the society found itself 
in the presence of serious difficulties. The pressure upon both the 
poor's fund and the library fund was more than these could well 
support. The act of parliament, instituting the widows' scheme, 
required payment from the society of the sum of one pound 
for each contributor to the scheme. This annual charge in 1804 
amoTuited to £200, but in 1829 it had risen to £581, whUe the total 
amount paid from the commencement to 1830 was £9000. More- 
over, notwithstanding these contributions to the widows' fund, 
large sums continued to be awarded by the society to deserving 
works of charity both within and without the brotherhood. Thus 
in the six years from 1806 to 1813, while the annual contribution to 
the widows' scheme amounted to £1715, the pensions granted 
reached a total of £1698, and gratuities awarded by warrants of 
the committee reached a further sum of £1336. Yet in 1812 the 
society gave £200 towards the charity workhouse, and in 1824 the 
sum of £273 to the rehef of sufferers from the fire which took place in 
the Parliament Square on November 16th of that year. In 1832 an- 
other sum of £315 was contributed towards the charity workhouse. 

On the other hand, with regard to the library fund, the mcrease 
of books involved increase of accommodation, and in 1828 it was 
agreed to purchase from the faculty of advocates the upper hall 
for the sum of £12,000.^ Necessary alterations in the staircase and 
in the area of the buildings about the same time brought up the 
total to £14,616. In addition to this large expenditure there fell 
upon the society in 1834 a loss of £1545 by a failure of bankers. 

It should be mentioned that meanwhile the interest due from 
the library to the poor's fund was, in 1824, £548, 7s. Id. The 
number of members liable to the annual subscription of a guinea 
towards its payment was 443, and this left the debt £80 in excess 

' See supra, p. Ixxvi. 



T;r"if;; THE FINANCES xcv 

of the contribution. Another change was, in consequence, made in 
the mode of raising the requisite sum. Intrants henceforth were to 
pay on admission, in lieu of the annual guinea, £10, and apprentices 
£10 on entering into indenture, while existing members liable to 
the tax were invited to commute it for £5, 5s. 

Before matters had come to the worst, a special committee. Recommendation 
in 1830, had recommended an addition of £30 to be made to the fee I'.fnds""'"*^ "" 
of apprentices, and £22, 4s. 5d. be added to the payments made by 
intrants. These augmentations, which were approved by the society, 
brought the total of dues payable by intrants to £60, at which they 
still remain. The dues from apprentices were once more raised in 
1842, when they became what they now are, £131, Is. The com- 
mittee of 1830 calculated that the additions recommended by them 
" would yield a total increase in the annual income of the society of 
£1133, 8s., and that there would be an annual surplus of about 
£800." The committee at the same time urged the amalgamation 
of the poor and library funds, the separation of which had caused 
complication and inconvenience. The union of the two funds was 
carried out in 1834. 

Nevertheless the sanguine expectations of 1830 were not realised. 
In 1835 the ordinary funds were unable to meet the demands for 
the annual contribution to the widows' fund, being £672 ; and, as 
the result of a petition from the collector of that fund, parliament 
(6 Will. IV. c. 22) relieved the society from the burden, which in 
another form was placed upon the apprentices. There was still no 
sufficient revenue independently of the dues from apprentices and 
intrants, and these dues, the annual total of which had always been 
subject to embarrassing fluctuations, now unfortunately underwent 
for a series of years a considerable diminution. In the six years 1824- 
1829 there had been 261 apprentices indentured and 219 intrants. 
In the six years from 1838 to 1843 there were on the other hand no 
more than 58 new apprentices and 44 intrants. In the ten years from 
1824 to 1833 the receipts from their dues respectively amounted to 



xcvi THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 



Increase of 
intrants. 



Financial 
improvement. 



£41,522. In the ten years from 1838 to 1847 they had dropped 
to £15,269. Finally, in the three years 1855-7, there was an excess 
of expenditure over income to the amount of £2320 ; and now, once 
more (1857) a special committee was appointed to consider and 
advise upon the state of affairs.^ The extreme measure of cutting 
down the expenditure on books to £150 a year was resorted to with 
reluctance, and on all sides the most rigid economy was practised. 
There was a deficit in 1859, again in 1860, and for the last time in 
1869, when an outlay of £1455 was considered necessary for painting, 
repairs, and furniture; but with these exceptions, from 1857 to the 
present time, the income has always exceeded the expenditure. 

The number of intrants had indeed begun to increase a few 
years before 1857. The cause of the increase was perhaps in part 
the falling off in the number of members, which in 1836 had reached 
the high figure of 707. In 1844 it had fallen to 662, and in 1858 
to 523. In 1885 the number was 366. The recent increase in the 
number of apprentices and intrants is remarkable. For, during 
the years from 1862 to 1874 there were 168 apprentices indentured 
and 118 intrants; in the same number of years, from 1876 to 1888, 
there were 301 apprentices and 187 intrants. Accordingly the 
funds of the society showed a rapid and marked improvement. 

On I7th November 1862 it was reported that the whole debts 
of the society had been paid, and in 1868 the sum of £1500 was lent 
on debenture. In 1871 a further sum of £1000 was invested, while 
the free funds were £7468, and these continued to increase, until 
at 31st December 1889 they amounted to £44,886, 4s. 9d. r»; 

In this last year the income derived from interests and divi- 
dends was £1342, 9s. lid., while the receipts from dues of intrants 
and apprentices were £4585, 2s. The total expenditure, on the 
other hand, including £959, 19s. 3d. for books and binding, was 
£4167, 10s. 7d. 



' Report of the curators of tbe library and committee on fnnds, 1857, 8vo. 



^V<,J 



CHAPTER IV. 
THE WIDOWS' FUND. 

The idea of instituting a widows' fund for the society of 
writers to the signet originated in 1780. Various plans for the 
establishment of such a fund were then suggested by the Eev. Dr. 
Alexander Webster, the founder of the ministers' widows' fund of the 
church of Scotland, Mr. William Keith, Mr. William Farquharson, 
and Mr. David Russell, accountants, Edinburgh, and others. 

In 1780 life-assurance was but little known in Scotland, the 
great Scottish insurance offices, which have since proved so success- 
ful, not having been instituted until early in this century. Hence, 
in 1780 it was difficult to obtain anything like accurate data as 
to rates of mortality, etc., in Scotland, on which to base a scheme for 
such an institution as a widows' fund. 

The church of Scotland's ministers' widows' fund had, it is 
true, been in operation since 1744, but the data which its experi- 
ence could supply were insufficient to form a basis on which to 
found a widows' fund for this society. The matter was there- 
fore, after considerable discussion among the members, allowed for 
the time to drop. 

The agitation, however, caused some members to note for their 
own information particulars as to the annual number of intrants to 
the society, of the marriages and deaths of members, of the number 
of widows left, of the deaths of these widows, and of other statistics 
regarding the society. 

In 1801, the proposal for a widows' fund was again revived, 
principally owing to Mr. John Campbell, tertius, W.S., who took 
a great interest in the matter, and who, from observations concern- 
ing the society, collected between 1781 and 1801, as well as from 

n 



xcviii THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET. 



January 1802. 



July 4, 1803, 
48 George iii. 
chapter 107. 



the information afforded by the " Northampton tables " of mortality, 
which had then been recently published, and from the experience 
of the ministers' widows' fund, had prepared a detailed scheme 
for the establishment of a widows' fund for the society of writers 
to the signet. 

The subject was now taken up seriously. In January 1802, 
Mr. William Keith, who had been consulted in 1780, and his partner, 
Mr. Robert WUson, made a joint report on Mr. Campbell's scheme, 
and after very careful consideration it was finally determined, at 
a meeting of the society held on 7th February 1803, that a widows' 
fund for the writers to the signet should be instituted, and the 
meeting accordingly authorised the deputy keeper of the signet (Mr. 
Hugh Warrender) " to sign a petition to the house of commons for 
leave to bring in a bill for the establishment of a widows' scheme." 

The promoters of the scheme forming a great majority of the 
society, soon obtained the necessary act of parliament, " for raising 
and securing a fund for making provision for the widows of the 
writers to his majesty's signet in Scotland." 

By this act the requisite funds for the scheme were to be 
raised as follows : — 

(1) Members were to pay yearly £6, 6s. by way of annual 

contribution to the fund. 

(2) A marriage tax of £10 was to be levied on each marriage 

of original contributors, and an equalising tax of £1, 10s. 
was to be payable for each year that the age of the con- 
tributor might exceed that of his wife. ,, . 

(3) The sum of £1 per annum for each contributor was to 

be paid to the widows' fund out of the society's common 
fund. 

(4) A tax of £20 was to be paid by every apprentice entering 

into indenture with a writer to the signet ; and 

(5) A tax of £1, Is. was to be paid by members of the society 

for every clerk they enrolled at the signet oflfice. 



THE WIDOWS' FUND xcix 

The annuity to be paid to widows of contributors was fixed 
at £50 (no annuity, however, was to be paid until the term of 
Whitsunday 1807), but whenever the accumulated funds should 
amount to a capital of £200 for every contributor to the scheme, 
the surplus was to be divided among the widows entitled to 
annuities. 

The adoption of the act by the then existing members of the 
society was optional; but of the 295 members 194 acceded to the 
scheme, and became contributors to its funds. Of these acceding 
members 115 were mai-ried men. By the act it was made imperative 
on future members to contribute to the fund. 

The assumption on which the scheme proceeded was that a 
capital of £200 for every contributor was sufiicient to secure an 
annuity of £50 to each of the maximum number of widows which 
could come on the fund — and that such a capital sum per member 
would be many years in accumulating. It was found, however, 
within a very few years after the passing of the act, that the fimds 
were accumulating much faster than had been anticipated, and they 
continued so to increase for many years. 

In 1817 it became apparent that the fund would in a few 
years amount to the calculated sum of £200 of capital for each 
member. Moreover, as the clause (section 12) in the act, which 
provided for the surplus beyond that amount of capital being 
divided among the annuitants, would then come into operation, 
it was felt that a complete investigation into the affairs of the 
fund should be made, and the actual experience of the fund 
compared with the contingencies which had been calculated for. 
Mr. John Campbell, W.S., who, as already mentioned, was one of 
the original promoters of the scheme, again gave much considera- 
tion to the afiairs of the fund. On 24th November 1817 he called 
the attention of the contributors to the injury which might be done 
to the fimd if section 12 of the act (the clause which disposed of 
surplus above a capital of £200 per member) were allowed to come 



THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET. 

into opei-ation. A committee was appointed to inquire into the 
the matter, and Mr. John Scott and Mr. William Keith, accountants 

March 9, 1818. in Edinburgh, were asked to report on Mr. Campbell's statement. 
These inquiries resulted in its being determined to obtain an amend- 
ment of the act of parliament. • '^ 

May 23, 1818. In the following May the act 58 George iii. cap. 74 was 



(1) Repealing the clause in the old act whereby any surplus 

over a capital of £200 per contributor was to be paid 
to the annuitants on the Fund. 

(2) Abolishing the £1, Is. tax on clerks enrolled at the Signet 

Office. 

(3) Providing for an additional payment by intrants over 

twenty -four years of age of a sum equal to half the 
rates and interest thereon which they would have paid 
had they become contributors at that age, and half the 
annual interest on marriage and equalising taxes from 
the date of marriage when the intrant was already 
married. 

(4) Providing for certain increased annuities to the widows 

then on the fund, and for increasing the capital of the 
fund towards ensuring permanency to the scheme for 
additional amiuities. 

May 1823. In May 1823 Mr. James Scott reported that the fund then 

amounted, as had been anticipated, to more than £200 for each of 
the 437 contributors to the scheme ; and, accordingly, in terms of 
the last-mentioned act, the annuities were increased, as at Whit- 
sunday 1824, to £70 to the widows who had been on the fund at 
the passing of that act, and £60 to the other annuitants. 

October 31, 1828. No further change in the fund's affairs took place imtil 1828, 
when it was determined to obtain further reports from skilled 
actuaries as to the position of the fund, and these were accordingly 



THE WIDOWS' FUND d 

obtained from Mr. James Cleghorn, actuary and accountant, Edin- 
burgh, and Mr. James Scott, accountant, who had formerly in- 
vestigated the affairs of the fund. The reports of these gentlemen, 
and the experience of the fund since its institution, suggested 
several improvements in the scheme with reference to both its 
principles and the mode of management to be adopted for pro- 
tecting the fund, and for securing adequate annuities to the widows, 
and it was felt that a new act of parHament was requu'ed to place 
the scheme on a satisfactory basis. Nothing definite, however, was 
done towards this until 1830, when the contributors resolved to ''^^■ 

apply for a new act of parhament. This was obtained in the 
following year, and the act 1 and 2 William iv. cap. 5, with the 
slight modification aftermentioned, continues to regulate the affairs 
of the fund at the present day. 

The act of 1831, while repealing the prior acts, 43 George iii. 
cap. 107, and 58 George iii. cap. 64, was practically a consolidation 
act, and varied from these acts only in the following financial 
enactments : — 

1. Intrants above 24 years of age, when becoming contributors 
to the fund, were to pay the full rate which they would have paid 
to the fund had they become contributors at that age, instead of 
the half rate formerly exigible. 

2. The equaUsing tax payable on marriages was raised from 
£1, IDs. for each year the contributor was older than his wife, to 
£3, 10s. for each such year on Jirst marriages, and a higher rate, 
varying according to the age of the contributor, on second and any 
subsequent marriages. 

At the general meeting of contributors held on 17th June June n, 1835. 
1835, the collector of the fund reported that he had as usual 
apphed to the treasurer for payment of £672, being the sum due 
from the common fund of the society, viz., £1, for each of the 
672 contributors to the fund at Whitsunday 1835, in terms 
of section 13 of the act of 1 and 2 William iv. cap. 5, when 



eU THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

the treasurer had informed him that, owing to the annual income 
of the common fund having become insufficient to defray the 
necessary annual burdens thereon, he could not pay the sum due to 

June 17, 1835. the widows' fund without the special orders of the society. This 
led to a committee of contributors being appointed to confer with 
the trustees of the widows' fund, the curators of the library, 
and the society's committee on funds, and to report to the con- 
ti'ibutors what in the circumstances was best to be done. The inquiry 
resulted in a petition to parliament, craving leave to bring in a 

March 7, 1836. bill to amend the act 1 and 2 William iv. cap. 5. 

In the following May the required act was obtained (6 Will. iv. 
cap. 22), by which the fifteenth clause in 1 and 2 William iv. cap. 5, 
which enacted that the sum of £1 for each contributor to the widows' 
fund should be paid to that fund out of the common fund of the 
society, was repealed, and it was enacted inter alia that — 

(1) Apprentices entering in future into indentures with 

writers to the signet should pay a tax of £30, in 
addition to the £20 payable under the prior act, making 
the apprentice tax in all £50 ; and 

(2) The annuity payable to the widows on the fund was 

raised to £75 per annum. 

The act 1 and 2 William iv. cap. 5, as amended by the act 6 
William iv. cap. 22, now regulates the affairs of the fund, under 
the direction of the trustees, who are the deputy keeper of the 
signet for the time ex officio, and six members of the society 
elected by the contributors, assisted by the collector, who has 
hitherto always been a member of the society, and who is annually 
elected by the contributors. The office of trustee is honorary. The 
collector is the only salaried official, he having the practical manage- 
ment of the fund, including the collection of its income and payment 
of the annuities to the widows of deceased contributors. 

Although the election of the collector is annual, the office has 
been practically ad vitam aut culjjam, for although the fund has 



THE WIDOWS' FUKD ciii 

now been in existence for eighty-six years there have only been five 
collectors, viz : — 

Mr. (afterwards) sir Adam Ferguson, from 1803 to 1806; Mr. 
Francis Napier, from 1806 to 1818; Mr. James Stuart, from 1818 
to 1828 ; Mr. Walter Cook, from 1828 to 1861 ; and Mr. John Cook, 
who has held the office since 1861. 

The accumulated funds at Whitsunday 1890 amounted to 
£232,783, 6s. 7d. 

The annual contribution payable by contributors is £6, 6s. 7d., 
whUe the annuity to widows of deceased contributors is presently 
fixed at £80. 

The maximum number of annuitants ever on the fund occurred 
at Whitsunday 1882, when there were 175 annuitants, but the num- 
ber has since steadily decreased, and was 140 at Whitsunday 1890. 
The maximum number of contributors was reached at Whitsunday 
1840, when the number was 685. The minimum number of con- 
tributors occurred at Whitsunday 1884, when it was 368. Since 
then the number of contributors has been increasing, and at Whit- 
sunday 1890 it was 441, 

The main cause of the prosperity of the fund at first was 
apparently the comparatively low rate of marriage among the 
contributors, and the consequent smaller number of annuitants 
coming on the fund. On the other hand, the members have not 
on the average attained their expectation of life, while the annui- 
tants have considerably exceeded it. 

The afiairs of the fund are periodically investigated at intervals 
of seven years, in terms of sections 33 and 34 of the act 1 and 
2 William iv. cap. 5, and the results of these investigations are 
duly reported to the contributors by the trustees, who conduct the 
inquiry with the assistance of an actuary. The rate of annuity 
to be paid to widows of contributors for the ensuing period of seven 
years is raised or reduced as the investigation shows to be expedient. 
The amount of the annuity has thus varied considerably since the 



oiy THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

commencement of the fund. It began at £50 per annum, and was 
from time to time increased, till in 1866 it was raised to £90 per 
annum, at which rate it continued till 1887, when, on account of the 
low I'ate of interest, it was reduced on the recommendation of the 
reporter who conducted the septennial investigation to £80, the 
present rate. 

The following septennial investigations have taken place since 
the act of 1831 :— 

In 1837 by Mr. James Cleghorn, accountant. 

In 1844 by Mr. Holmes Ivory, accountant. 

In 1851 by Mr. Holmes Ivory, accountant. 

In 1858 by Mr. Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A., F.F.A. 

In 1865 by Mr. Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A., F.F.A, 

In 1872 by Mr. Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A., F.F.A., and Mr. 

William Thomas Thomson, F.E.S.E. 
In 1879 by Mr. Adam Gillies Smith, C.A. 
In 1886 by Mr. John MacGregor M'Candlish, W.S., F.KS.E., 

F.F.A. 

A table is annexed showing the progress of the fund as regards 
the numbers of contributors and annuitants, the amount of the 
accumulated funds, etc., from the commencement of the scheme to 
Whitsunday 1890:— 



STATE showing some particulars as to the progress of the Widows 
Fund from Martinmas 1803 to JVhit Sunday 1890 inclusive. 

















Rate of Interest 


















on Heritable Securities. 




Year. 


Contri- 
butors. 


Annui- 
tants. 


Annuity. 


Fund. 


Increase, 


Decrease. 




























Whit- 
sunday. 


Martinmas. 




1803 


194 





1 XT k "i 


No Accounts. 










\ 


1804 
1805 
1806 


200 
203 
209 





\ No Annuity pay- 
1 able till Whit- 
/■ Sunday 1807. 


No Accounts. 
£7,822 
10,361 


£2,539 


... 


... 






1807 


216 


4 


) 


13,126 


2,765 i ... 1 ... 




; 


1808 


224 


7 


£50 


15,981 


2,855 


... 


5 


5 




1809 


237 


9 


50 


19,153 


3,172 




5 


5 




1810 


243 


12 


50 


22,348 


3,195 


... 


5 


5 




1811 


252 


11 


50 


25,686 


3,338 




5 


5 




1812 


260 


12 


50 


29,638 


3,952 


... 


5 


5 




1813 


280 


18 


50 


33,309 


3,671 


... 


5 


5 




1814 


288 


20 


50 


36,981 


3,672 




5 


5 




1815 


297 


23 


50 


40,950 


3,969 


• • . 


5 


5 




1816 


310 


27 


50 


44,878 


3,928 


**. 


5 


5 




1817 


319 


28 


50 


49,142 


4,264 




5 


5 




1818 


342 


31 


f £50, £55, £60 & ) 
\ 65 Of 


60,753 


11,611 




5 


5 




1819 


369 


32 


|£50,£55, £60&) 
( 65 Of 


65,957 


5,204 




5 


5 




1820 


388 


34 


j £50, £55, £60 & 1 
\ 65 f 
/ £50, £55, £60 & [ 
1 65 Oj 
/ £50, £55, £60 & 1 
) 65 f 
/ £50, £55, £60 & 1 
t 65 f 


70,792 


4,835 




5 


5 




1821 


406 


36 


76,009 


5,217 




5 


5 




1822 


432 


39 


81,869 


5,860 


... 


5 


5 




1823 


437 


41 


88,128 


6,259 




4J 


H 




1824 


459 


44 


60 & 70 


94,029 


5,901 




4^ 


4 




1825 


490 


48 


60&70 


99,006 


4,977 




4 


4 




1826 


514 


52 


60 & 70 


104,660 


5,654 




4 


5 




1827 


525 


56 


60&70 


111,230 


6,570 


. • . 


5 


5 




1828 


560 


58 


60 & 70 


117,559 


6,329 


. .• 


5 


4i 




1829 


583 


59 


60&70 


125,419 


7,860 


.. . 


4J 


4 




1830 


629 


59 


60 & 70 


132,533 


7,114 




4 


4 




1831 


635 


66 


70 


137,387 


4,854 




3i 


3^,4 




1832 


640 


68 


70 


144,797 


7,410 




4 


4 




1833 


646 


70 


70 


151,878 


7,081 


... 


4 


4 




1834 


666 


67 


70 


158,712 


6,834 




4 


3J 




1835 


672 


71 


70 


164,564 


5,852 




Z}f 


3J 




1836 


685 


70 


70 


171,411 


6,847 




3i 


3i 




1837 


672 


73 


75 


176,663 


5,252 




3| 


3J 




1838 


684 


80 


75 


183,342 


6,679 




3i 


3^ 




1839 


683 


81 


75 


189,277 


5,935 


. • 


4 


4 




1840 


685 


81 


75 


195,829 


6,552 


• • t 


3J 


3i 




1841 


680 


83 


75 


201,647 


5,818 


... 


4 


4 




1842 


668 


92 


75 


207,568 


5,921 


. . * 


4 


4 




1843 


654 


93 


75 


213,342 


5,774 


... 


4 


4 





.52 *« «8 
J5 a S b 

^ J. 2 



STATE showing some particulars as to the progress of the Widows 
Fund from Martinmas 1803 to Whitsunday 1890 inclusive — continued. 



















Rate of Interest 


















on Heritable Securities. 


Year. 


Contri- 
butors. 


Annui- 
tants. 


Annuity, 


Fund. 


Increase. 


Decrease. 


























Whit- 
sunday. 


Martinmas. 


1844 


648 


96 


£75 





£217,583 


£4,241 




4 


3| 


1845 


637 


99 


78 15 





221,708 


4,125 


■ • ■ 


3i 


3| 


1846 


634 


96 


78 15 





226,239 


4,531 




3| 


H 


1847 


624 


101 


78 15 





231,643 


5,404 




3| 


4 


1848 


620 


104 


78 15 





237,924 


6,281 




4 


4 


1849 


615 


109 


78 15 





245,767 


7,843 




5 


5 


1850 


599 


118 


78 15 





250,927 


5,160 


... 


5 


^ 


1851 


589 


123 


78 15 





254,681 


3,754 




4 


H 


1852 


580 


128 


85 





256,838 


2,157 


, . . 


3i 


3| 


1853 


567 


125 


85 





258,365 


1,527 




3| 


H 


1854 


557 


132 


85 





260,136 


1,771 




3i 


H 


1855 


544 


134 


85 





263,313 


3,177 




3| 


4 


1856 


534 


136 


85 





265,693 


2,380 


• • * 


4 


4 


1857 


532 


141 


85 





267,812 


2,119 




4 


4 


1858 


516 


147 


85 





268,972 


1,160 




4 


4 


1859 


506 


155 


85 





269,264 


292 




4 


4 


1860 


504 


155 


85 





269,411 


147 


• . . 


4 


4 


1861 


508 


157 


85 





268,987 


• • • 


£424 


3^ 


H 


1862 


498 


158 


85 





265,644 


97 




3 


4 


1863 


501 


152 


85 





266,811 


1,167 


t . . 


4 


4 


1864 


488 


149 


85 





266,178 


• • • 


633 


4 


4 


1865 


479 


150 


85 





267,691 


1,513 




4 


4 


1866 


465 


153 


90 





268,125 


434 


... 


4 


4 


1867 


449 


157 


90 





268,775 


650 


. . , 


4 


4, 4J, 41 


1868 


439 


162 


90 





268,295 


< >• 


480 


4,4i.5 


4,4i 


1869 


432 


169 


90 





267,155 




1,140 


4,4i 


4,4i 


1870 


418 


171 


90 





266,276 




879 


4,4: 


4,4i 


1871 


409 


168 


90 





265,385 


... 


891 


4 


4 


1872 


408 


170 


90 





263,635 




1,744 


4 


4 


1873 


409 


172 


90 





262,238 




1,397 


4 


4 


1874 


407 


173 


90 





260,339 


... 


1,899 


4 


4 


1875 


400 


172 


90 





258,374 


• •■ 


1,965 


4 


4 


1876 


400 


165 


90 





256,895 




1,479 


4 


4 


1877 


391 


165 


90 





255,636 




1,259 


4 


4 


1878 


384 


169 


90 





253,359 


< •. 


2,277 


4 


4 


1879 


383 


169 


90 





250,725 




2,634 


4 


4 


1880 


385 


169 


90 





249,675 


.• • 


1,050 


4 


4 


1881 


381 


174 


90 





247,620 




2,055 


4 


H 


1882 


381 


175 


90 





244,328 




3,292 


3J 


H 


1883 


371 


172 


90 





240,868 


• •• 


3,460 


3 


H 


1884 


368 


167 


90 





238,071 


• ■ • 


2,797 


3 


H 


1885 


374 


163 


90 





235,317 


... 


2,754 


3 


H 


1886 


388 


161 


90 





233,001 


... 


2,316 


3J 


H 


1887 


399 


158 


80 





231,846 


... 


1,155 


3| 


H 


1888 


409 


156 


80 





231,607 


... 


239 


3| 


3| 


1889 


419 


149 


80 





231,909 


302 


*•• 


3| 


H 


1890 


441 


140 


80 





232,783 


874 


... 


3| 


H 



CHAPTER V. 
THE CHAIE OF CONVEYANCING. 

The chair of conveyancing in the university of Edinburgh, 
which is endowed by the society, was not established until 1825. 
Upwards of thirty years before that date, however, the society 
had provided for systematic public instruction on the subject by the 
appointment of one of its own number as lecturer upon convey- 
ancing. It is now proposed to trace the circumstances attending 
the foundation of that lectureship, and the steps by which it was 
subsequently raised, by the exertions of the society, to the position 
of an academic chair. 

The subject of conveyancing, as to both theory and practice, The study of 
has always been regarded by the society as peculiarly its province ; •=o"^«ya°<='"s- 
and, from an early period, although there was no public teaching 
of the subject, the members of the body generally looked upon 
the instiiiction of their apprentices in conveyancing as not only 
their duty but as one of the privileges of the body which ought not 
to be committed to others. Evidence of this will be found in the fact 
that when, about the middle of last century, one of their number, 
Mr. John Mackenzie of Delvine, brought before the society a proposal 
for public instruction upon the subject by the foundation of a chair 
of conveyancing, it was rejected on the ground that it would inter- 
fere with the duty of masters in the teaching of their apprentices 
in chambers. Again, in 1773, a similar proposal to have pubHc 
instruction on conveyancing was reported against by a committee 
to which it had been remitted : The society on considering this 
report resolved that it was " the duty of writers to the signet to 
instruct their apprentices in the several branches of their busi- 
ness, and to use all necessary means by practice, prelection, and 



bviii THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

examination, to discharge that duty. That, as the knowledge ot 
styles is their proper province, the plan proposed would, in their 
apprehension, import an acknowledgment of their incapacity or want 
of inclination to do their duty ; and that, as the expense of educating 
young gentlemen had of late been greatly augmented, it was matter 
for consideration how far it would be proper to subject them to 
further expense." 

The society as a body was anxious to preserve intact what it 
considered both a duty and a privilege, which could not, without 
injury, be intrusted to others ; and its individual members en- 
deavoured to give a competent knowledge of conveyancing to 
those about to enter the society by " practice, prelection, and exami- 
nation." But the impression gained ground that the instruc- 
tion of the most zealous and able practitioners, delivered to their 
apprentices as the avocations of business might permit, was not an 
adequate substitute for more systematic teaching. As a result of this, 
Mr. Koss' a member of the society, Mr. Walter Ross, in order to afford to 

lectures. some extent such instruction, determined to give a private course 

of lectures upon " the history and practice of the law of Scotland 
relative to conveyancing and legal diligence." Accordingly, during 
1783 and 1784, he delivered two short courses of lectures upon the 
subject. 

Other engagements unfortunately prevented him from again 
lecturing, and from going on with the preparation of the complete 
course of lectures which he had intended. The pubhcation, however, 
after his death, of those he had delivered, shows how eminently 
qualified Mr. Ross was for the duty he had undertaken. Even to the 
present day the abUity and research exhibited in these lectures 
afford the student of conveyancing much valuable information as to 
the origin and history of many of our most important deeds. 

Mr. Ross had not specially sought the recognition of his prO" 
ject by the society, but the success of his lectures was so apparent 
as in gi-eat measure to remove the jealousy with which the former 



/ 



motion. 



THE CHAIE OF CONVEYANCING cix 

proposals for public instruction in conveyancing had been regarded. 
Accordingly, when in 1793 one of its members, Mr. Robert Bell, 
brought forward a proposal that the society should give its approval 
and authority to his going on with a collection of decisions of the 
court of session dealing with conveyancing, which he had commenced, 
the society not only entertained the proposal as originally made, 
but added a scheme of public instruction in conveyancing, which 
Mr. Bell had subsequently suggested. 

The proposal was brought before a general meeting of the Mr. Macdonaid'a 
society by the deputy keeper in May 1793, when a letter from Mr. 
Bell on the subject was read. It was then moved by Mr. WiUiam 
Macdonald : " That it is the duty of the society to promote the study 
of conveyancing, and as it appears necessary for the proper attain- 
ment of this object that one of the members should be appointed 
to deliver annually a course of lectures on the theory and practice 
of conveyancing, and to collect the decisions of the court of session, 
and in a particular manner those decisions which more immediately 
relate to our own department," the society do " resolve that in future 
one of its members shall be elected to fill these offices, and as an 
encouragement to the undertaking of this important charge, that 
from the period of the commencement of the said course of lectures, 
every candidate who applies for admission into the society shall 
produce to the examinators a certificate of his having attended 
a coux-se of lectures, and that every apprentice shall in future, 
during his apprenticeship, attend at least one course. Secondly, 
that as Mr. Bell had proposed and bestowed great pains upon this 
plan, he should be named by the society to the office." 

The society, however, was not prepared to dispose of these 
resolutions without further consideration, and it was resolved that 
they should lie on the table until next general meeting, and that 
Mr. Bell should be requested to prepare and submit to the society, 
in the meantime, a plan of his proposed lectures, and of the mode 
and period of delivering them. 



ex THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

Shortly after this Mr. Bell submitted a general plan of the 
course of lectures which he proposed, embracing a wide field of in- 
struction, in both the theory and the practice of conveyancing, 
with an elaborate introduction explaining the scheme. This having 
been printed and distributed amongst the members, the society at 
its general meeting, on 27th November 1793, approved of the plan, 
Establishment of and resolved "that in future one of the members shall be appointed 
society. to deliver annually a course of lectures on the theory and practice 

of conveyancing, and to collect the decisions, and appoint Mr. Robert 
Bell to fill these offices." It further voted him a sum of £105 for 
his past labours in connection with the decisions ; and, a remit 
having been made to a committee to consider and report as to 
his future salary, it was resolved at a subsequent meeting, on 
16th December 1793, that Mr. Bell should receive an annual salary 
of sixty guineas as collector of decisions. 

It will be seen from this, that the portion of Mr. Macdonald's 
original motion which made attendance upon the course of lectures 
on conveyancing compulsory was omitted from the resolution of 
the society, and further that no salary was attached to the lecture- 
ship, the salary given being for the collection of decisions alone. 
The fact that an attendance on the course of lectures was not 
made compulsory on apprentices arose apparently frojn the feeling 
in the minds of some, that, as attendance on the lectures delivered 
from the Scots law chair in the university was already obligatory 
on all apprentices, it was inexpedient to add another compulsory 
class. The omission to attach a salary to the lectureship was due 
entirely to the circumstance that Mr. Bell could not lecture for 
upwards of a year to come, when it would be time enough to 
consider the question of the salary to the lecturer. 

Accordingly, though appointed in November 1793, Mr. Bell was 
not in a position to begin lecturing until December 1794, when he 
delivered a short course which dealt with only a comparatively small 
portion of his subject ; and it was not tUl the winter session of 



T THE CHAIK OF CONVEYANCING ! i «jxi 

1795-96 that he was able to complete and deliver the lectures on the 
first part of his course, which embraced the constitution and trans- 
mission of heritable rights and kindred subjects. |i 

Mr. Bell having found difiiculty in procuring a suitable place 
for the delivery of his lectures, the society, on 1st July 1795, gave 
him the temporary use of its hall for that purpose during that 
year. Where his lectures were subsequently delivered does not 
appear, but at the general meeting of the society on 4th February 
1811, Mr. Macvey Napier called attention "to the situation of the 
class of conveyancing, which he conceived to be degraded, and its 
utility impaired, by its exclusion from the society hall, in con- 
sequence of which Mr. Bell was obliged to deliver his lectures in a 
mason lodge, and moved ' that Mr. Bell be permitted to lecture in 
the hall at such hour as the society should deem most convenient.' " 
The motion was appointed to be taken into consideration at next 
general meeting, on 27th May thereafter, when it was agreed to »-^''-'3'' 
allow the use of the hall to the lecturer on conveyancing during 
the pleasure of the society. 

Although Mr. Bell's lectures did not even yet embrace the whole Mr. Beirs lectures. 
of the scheme which he had submitted to the society, the utility 
of the lectureship, and the ability of the lecturer, had been so clearly 
shown, that it was considered due to him to annex a salary to 
the office without waiting for the completion of the full course of 
lectures originally contemplated. In the meantime, however, it had 
become evident that so long as attendance on the courses of lectures 
on civil law and Scots law alone was required of apprentices, 
the lectureship on conveyancing was placed in an unfair position. 
Accordingly, both matters having been brought before a general 
meeting of the society, on 30th May 1796 it was resolved: — (1) 
"that every candidate for the office of clerk to the signet shall 
have attended three courses of law classes, viz., one course of 
Scots law, one course of conveyancing, and a third course either of 
Scots law, conveyancing, or civil law " ; and (2) " that a salary 



exn THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

should be annexed to the office of lecturer on conveyancing." 
A remit was made to a committee to report on the amount of 
the salary and the source from which it should be raised. This 
committee recommended that a salary which was estimated at £40 
should be raised by requiring every apprentice on entering into 
indenture to pay £1, Is. to the person appointed to receive the 
libraiy money, who should account for it to the lecturer. Their 
report having been printed and circulated, was approved of by the 
society at a general meeting, on 11th July 1796. Mr. Bell there- 
fore had now a salary of sixty guineas as collector of decisions 
and the produce of the tax of a guinea on every apprentice who 
should enter on indenture, besides a fee of £3, 3s. from each student 
attending his lectures, being the same fee as was paid to the 
professors of Scots law and civil law. 
Collector of The appointment of a collector of decisions in connection with 

the lectureship was originally made under the idea that the collec- 
tion undertaken by Mr. Bell had the approval of the judges of 
the court of session. This, however, appears not to have been the 
case ; and the society, having learnt that the court did not look 
with favour upon the collection, appointed a committee to inquire 
into the nature of the objections to it. 

Mr. Bell, in the meantime, ex proprio motu, had addressed a 
letter to the lord president explaining the grounds of his belief 
that he had obtained the sanction of the court to his under- 
taking, stating his readiness to give it up so far as he was individually 
concerned, and expressing a hope that the lectures on convey- 
ancing, in which the society was mainly interested, might receive 
the sanction and encouragement of the court. This letter was 
communicated by Mr. Bell to the committee of the society to which 
it had been remitted to report on the subject. The committee 
reported to a general meeting of the society, on 5th December 
1796, that, as it had considered Mr. Bell's proposal extremely 
proper, a meeting had been sought with the judges, and that 



] THE CHAIR OF CONVEYANCING cxiii 

"lord president Campbell, who declared the sentiments of the court, 
approved highly of the institution of a course of lectures on con- 
veyancing, considered it a desideratum in the legal education of 
the country, and as in every view an institution which deserved 
the protection and patronage of the court. His lordship also 
thought that everything should be done to promote the institution 
and to place it on a respectable footing, and, with that view, that 
it deserved the consideration of the court whether countenance 
should not be given to an application for having it made a pro- 
fessorship. Lord Eskgrove then proposed that, in order to bring 
the matter regularly before the court, a memorial stating the nature 
of the institution shovdd be laid before them, and to this the other 
judges agreed." 

The committee therefore recommended: — " (1) That the collec- 
tion of decisions should be given up. (2) That the salary annexed to 
the office of collector should be added to the office of lecturer on 
conveyancing. (3) That every exertion ought to be made by the 

society for placing the office of lecturer on the most respectable ' • '' 

footing, and that proper steps should be taken for obtaining a 
professor's chair in the university ; and, with that view, that a 
memorial in the terms of the memorial hereto annexed should be 
signed by the deputy keeper in name of the society, and presented 
to the court." ' 

It is unnecessary to give the terms of the memorial at any Memorial in 
length, but it may be stated that it set forth fully the circum- feJsort chair in 
stances attending the establishment of the lectureship in conjunction the university, 
with the collection of the decisions and the intention of the society 
to give up the latter and to endow the office of lecturer, as the sole 
object of the institution, with a salary of £100 a year. It further 
stated the object of approaching the court in the following terms : — 
" The memorialists have formed this resolution upon full delibera- 
tion, actuated by no selfish policy, desirous of no preference to their 

'■ Jardine's Signet Papers, " Beport of the committee," vol. i. No, 7. 



eod* THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

lectureship which it does not deserve ; and, anxious only to point 
out to those young men with whose education they are intrusted a 
beneficial and useful plan of study, they have cheerfully appropriated 
a considerable annual allowance for this new institution." 

" It is under the conviction that this is a matter of public utihty 
as well as of professional benefit that the memorialists presume to 
call your lordships' attention to the subject. They are desirous of 
representing it to his majesty's ministers as an object worthy of 
encouragement. They cannot, indeed, expect in these times any 
pecuniary aid from government; but they are desirous, under 
your lordships' sanction, of obtaining for this establishment a 
professor's chair in the university of Edinburgh, and they flatter 
themselves that this proposal may appear in such a light to your 
lordships as to enable you to give it the weight of your approbation." 
Of The report, with the accompanying memorial, having been ap- 
proved of by the society, the memorial was forthwith presented to 
the court. The court, however, notwithstanding its public appro- 
objections to bation of the lectureship already specified, was not prepared to re- 
commend the appHcation as an object worthy of encouragement before 
ascertaining the opinion of the faculty of advocates, and directed it to 
be communicated to them for their consideration. The faculty remitted 
it to the dean and council, with instructions to consider and report as to 
the expediency of the proposed establishment of a professorship of con- 
veyancing, and they shortly afterwards reported that, in their opinion, 
the proposal was liable to many strong and solid objections which 
they thought ought to determine the faculty to oppose its being 
carried into execution. Their main objections were the impossibility 
of detaching those doctrines which relate to the forms, styles, and 
contents of deeds from the general science of Scots law ; the injury 
to the public that would arise from the separation of " the more liberal 
and scientific parts of the law from the subordinate and practical 
parts," and the injury the creation of a rival professorship of Scots law 
in the university would have on " the interest and just emoluments 



the chair. 



;•, THE CHAIE OF CONVEYANCING cxv 

of the present endowments of which the faculty of advocates are 
the patrons, thereby preventing the discharge of its duties from 
being a primary object to men of talents and liberal edvication." 
For these and other reasons the dean and council recommended 
that the faculty should express its disapprobation of the plan, and 
take such measui'es as might seem expedient for preventing its being 
carried into execution. This report, having been approved of by 
the faculty, was presented to the court, which resolved to take no 
action in the matter ; and the society, apparently thinking it useless 
to press the proposal in the face of such determined opposition, 
for thirty years took no further steps towards raising the lectureship 
to the position of an academic chair. 

It was not until the autumn of 1797 that Mr. Bell was able 
to lecture upon the second part of his subject, which then embraced 
the full plan of lectures originally proposed. This he then divided 
into two courses dehvered in separate sessions. The first, extending 
to fifty lectures, was devoted to deeds in general and the con- 
stitution and transmission of heritable rights and real diligence, 
forming the subject of one course, and the other, extending to 
thirty lectures, was devoted to moveable rights and personal 
diligence. A fee of £2, 2s. was required from each student for the 
first course, and £1, Is. for the second, attendance upon both 
courses being required in order to entitle students to a certificate. 

The arrangement by which £40 of the salary attached to the salary attached 
lectureship was dependent on the £1, Is. tax imposed on all ap- t^ti^e lecture 
prentices on entering into indenture, had not proved satisfactory. 
Accordingly, when in 1802 the society had it in contemplation 
to raise the apprentice fee so as to increase the general funds, 
Mx. Bell took occasion to address a letter to the deputy keeper, 
in which he stated that, during the five years which had elapsed 
since the tax in question had been imposed, it had yielded on 
an average an annual sum of only £29 instead of £40 which it 
had been intended to produce, and that any increase to the general 



e**i THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

apprentice fee would probably stiU further reduce that amount, by 
lessening the number of those entering on indenture. He therefore 
suggested that a small addition might be made to the tax of £1, Is. 
in order to carry out the intentions of the society in imposing it. 

Mr. Bell's letter was brought before a general meeting of the 
society on 28th June 1802. Some dissatisfaction having then been ex- 
pressed because of his having divided his lectures into two separate 
courses, thereby causing expense and inconvenience to the students, 
the whole matter was remitted to a committee for consideration. 
Mr. BeU thereupon submitted a memorial explaining his reasons 
for the division, and stating that although it had caused no additional 
expense to the students, he would give it up and would in future 
comprise his whole subject in one course of lectures. Regarding 
the increase of salary, he stated that his whole emoluments from 
the lectureship during the preceding five years had amounted on 
an average to only £140 per annum. 

The committee having considered Mr. Bell's memorial, reported 
that it was satisfied that no additional expense had been thrown 
on apprentices by the division of the course of lectures. It, however, 
approved of his proposal to have only one course for the future, and 
in regard to increase of salary further recommended that a small 
addition should be given in order to make up the Bvaa. originally 
intended.^ The report, having been printed and circulated, was 
brought before a general meeting of the society on 29th November 
1802, when it was approved of so far as regarded Mr. Bell's intention 
to discontinue the division of the course, but disapproved in so far 
as it recommended an addition to the salary of the lecturer. 

Mr. Bell does not appear to have been discouraged by either 
the smallness of the emoluments which he had hitherto derived 
from the lectureship, or the failure to have his salary placed 
upon a more satisfactory footing. He continued to discharge the 
duties of lecturing to a gradually increasing nixmber of students 

' Jardine's Sigiiet Papers, vol. i. 



THE CHAIE OF CONVEYANCING cxvii 

with great ability and success, until his death in 1816. The credit 
is due to him of having originally suggested the lectureship, and 
while the wisdom and public spirit of the society in adopting and 
giving practical effect to his suggestions by founding and endowing 
it must be acknowledged, it cannot be doubted that it is to his 
ability and zeal in discharging his duties through many discourage- 
ments that we owe the success of the foundation. In addition, Mr. Bell's 
however, to giving much of his time to the discharge of these P"ti'°at.ons. 
duties, Mr. Bell was also able to devote himself to literary work. 
During the earlier period of his lectureship, he prepared for the press 
and published his lectures on the testing clause, and treatises on 
deeds, on completing titles, and on leases, all of them useful works, 
though now out of date. His Dictionary of the Laiv of Scotland, to 
which he owes his character as an eminent legal author, was pub- 
lished in 1807, and, from its learning and research, was very soon 
accepted as a standard authority on the subject. Unfortunately he did 
not live long enough to know how highly this work was appreciated 
by the profession at large, but the numerous editions of it which have 
been called for since his death, bringing down the law without material 
alteration to their several dates of publication, show how good was the 
original conception of the book, and how excellent was its execution. 

The office of lecturer having become vacant by the death of Mr. 
Bell, the society availed itself of the offer of his brother, Mr. George 
Joseph Bell, who afterwards worthily filled the chair of Scots law 
in the university, to read the late professor's lectures until such 
time as a successor should be appointed. In December 1816, the Appointment of 
society, from several candidates who sought the office, elected to the Napicr^as*^ 
vacant lectureship, Mr. Macvey Napier, then librarian to the society, lecturer. 

Although the society, on the faikire of its application in 1796 
to have the lectureship raised to the position of a chair in the 
university, had resolved rather to await the effects of time and 
experience than to urge its wishes in face of the powerful opposi- 
tion which had been manifested, and though for many years no 



cxviii THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

further active steps were taken for attaining the object desired, it 
Renewed pro- was never lost sight of. The matter was again brought before the 

posals for a . i i • 

professor's chair, societj by the deputy keeper at the general meeting on 21st 
November 1821, when a committee was appointed to resume con- 
sideration " of the propriety of applying for a professor's chau' in 
the university of Edinburgh for the course of lectures instituted 
by the society, and to adopt such measures as might seem to them 
most prudent in the view of promoting the success of that object, 
thereby increasing the respectability of an institution the usefulness 
of which had been demonstrated by ample experience." 

The committee so appointed, with the valuable aid of Mr. 
Thomas Thomson, advocate, proceeded to prepare a statement set- 
ting forth at considerable length the causes which had induced the 
society to found the lectureship, and the reasons for wishing to 
see the usefulness and respectability of the institution increased 
by having a professor's chair attached to it. Fi-om unavoidable 
causes this statement was not completed until Febx-uary 1823, when 
the committee devolved upon two of its number, the deputy 
keeper and sir Robert Dundas, the duty of bringing it before the 
heads and judges of the court and the dean and faculty of 
advocates, with the view of ascertaining their sentiments, as well 
as before the lord provost and town council and the principal of 
the university. i mu ^h»j. 

The sub- committee so appomted having had the statement 
printed and presented to the court and to the faculty of advocates,' 
the lord president, after consultation Avith the judges, informed it 
that the matter was one on wliich they did not consider that the 
court was called upon to express an opinion. 

t. The faculty of advocates, on the matter being brought befoi-e 
them, remitted it to the dean and council for consideration and 
report. They, however, could not agree upon the terms of that report ; 
and tlie faculty accordingly adjourned consideration of the iaa|iter 

< . :M il)^yia.rtl'mA'a Sionet Paper*, vol iii. .^'id bi, ■.■ acij 



T:I/ the CHAIE of conveyancing cxix 

until such time as their former report on the subject should be re- 
printed and circulated among the members. The sub-committee 
of the society being of opinion that the old objections stated to 
the professorship by the faculty in 1796, which it was thus 
proposed to reprint and circulate, could be satisfactorily answered 
from the experience of the benefits conferred by the lectureship 
during the period which had since elapsed, prepared "observations" 
on the faculty's report of 1796.^ These they printed and circulated. 
The subject having been again brought before a full meeting of 
the faculty on 8 th July 1823, a motion approving of the raising 
of the lectureship to a chair of conveyancing was defeated by only 
fifty-five votes to fifty-one, whereupon thirty-three of the minority, 
including many of the most eminent members of the bar, and 
amongst them Mr. George Joseph Bell, the distinguished professor 
of Scots law, lodged a formal dissent setting forth reasons against 
the resolution which had been carried.^ 

The committee reported to the society, at the general meeting 
on 12th July 1823, the result of the application to the faculty 
of advocates, with an expression of opinion that the vote of the 
faculty did not appear by any means calculated to damp the society's 
expectation of success in the object which it desired. The meeting 
approved of what had been done, and re-committed the matter, with 
a recommendation to the committee " to take all such measures 
as they should deem most expedient for attaining the object of 
obtaining a professor's chair in the university for the lecturer on 
conveyancing and his successors, and to enter into such transactions 
and agreements with the patrons of the university as they might 
consider fit and expedient in order to prevent disappointment of 
the pretensions which had been, by a narrow majority in the faculty 
of advocates, so unreasonably resisted and opposed." 

The committee having thereupon determined at once to Letter to the 
approach the lord provost, magistrates, and council of the city, '°^°°"'"'''- 

' Jardine's Signet Papers, vol. iii. - Jhid. vol. iii. 



lord provost. 



cxx THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

patrons of the university, on the subject, addressed a letter to 
them on 17th July 1823, setting forth succinctly the whole circum- 
stances of the case, praying them, in virtue of their prerogative as 
patrons, to establish a chair of conveyancing in the university, and 
engaging to provide for it a perpetual endowment of at least one 
hundred guineas. The letter further suggested that Mr. Macvey 
Napier, who then held the office of lecturer, should be appointed the 
first professor, and that the mode of filling up vacancies thereafter 
should be determined by a conference between the committee and 
a committee of the town covmcU. 
Opposition of tue A printed copy of this letter, along with copies of the various 
statements and proceedings which were referred to in it, was laid 
before the town council, and the committee shortly afterwards had 
an interview on the subject with sir William Arbuthnot, who was 
then lord provost. He received them with "polite attention"; but 
at the next meeting of the councU, on his motion, without reasons 
given, or any discussion whatever, the application of the society was 
refused. 

The committee, deeming it useless to combat the hostility of 
the lord provost, thought it prudent to take no further steps in 
the meantime, but to await the time when there was reason to hope 
that a change in the magistracy might lead to a difierent result. 

Accordingly, when, in the following year, the civic chair came 
to be fiUed by Mr. Alexander Henderson, the committee solicited 
a conference with the lord provost and magistrates, and it had an 
opportunity in the autumn of 1824 of laying its views before them, 
with the best result; for his lordship, on 24th November 1824, 
brought the matter before a meeting of the town council, and spoke 
strongly in favour of the proposed chair. In consequence, however, 
of the strenuous opposition of one of the councillors it became 
necessary to postpone the decision until a subsequent meeting. 
The serious iUness of the lord provost prevented his being present 
at the next meeting of the town council, on 1st December 1824, 



THE CHAIR OF CONVEYANCING cxxi 

but the views which he had so strongly urged at the previous 
meeting were adopted by the great majority of the council ; and, 
on a division, the proposal to establish a chair of conveyancing in 
the university, of which Mr. Macvey Napier should be the first Establishment 
professor, was carried by a majority of twenty-five to four. At a ° ^ c air, 
subsequent meeting, after some discussion, a proposal of the com- 
mittee that future vacancies should be filled by five delegates, two 
of them to be chosen from the town council, and two from the 
society of writers to the signet, together with the deputy keeper, 
was carried by a majority. 

The committee reported the favourable result of their labours 
to a general meeting of the society, held on 25th January 1825, 
when the cordial thanks of the writers to the signet were unani- 
mously voted to lord provost Henderson and the magistrates and 
council for the establishment of the chair. The deputy keeper also 
conveyed to Mr. Napier the congratulations of the society on his Mr. Napier 
appointment, expressing, at the same time, " their confident expec- profeTsor 
tation and belief that he will, with unabated zeal and energy, exert 
his best abilities for the purpose of establishing the legal character 
of the science which he is appointed to teach, and that he will 
accomplish this in such a manner that the name of the first professor 
of conveyancing will be transmitted to posterity with a celebrity 
which cannot fail to communicate its influence to his successors, 
and to the society of which he is a member." 

The exertions of the society in thus getting the lectureship on 
conveyancing raised to the dignity of a university chair were re- 
warded by a very considerable increase in the number of students 
who availed themselves of the lectures, and professor Napier 
continued to discharge the duties of the chair with great ability and 
success until his death, in his seventy-first year, in February 1847. 
In the long period of thirty-one years during which he filled the 
oflBces, first of lecturer and subsequently of professor, although much 
engaged in literary pursuits, he never allowed these to interfere in 



Mr. Menzies 



cxxii THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

any way with his academic duties, but fully justified the expecta- 
tions and belief expressed by the society in their congratulations 
on his appointment to the professorship. 

Mr. Allan Menzies, W.S., who was appointed to the vacant 
appointed to chair of conveyaucing on the death of Mr. Napier, had early given 
evidence of literary tastes. While a student of law in the university ■ 
he had been one of the competitors for the prize of £100 given 
by the university commission of 1826 for the best essay on "the 
national character of the Athenians." Mr. John Brown Patterson, 
then certainly the most eminent student of the University, carried 
off the prize, but the essay of Mr. Menzies showed such great ability 
as to cause the senatus to confer upon him the very unusual distinc- 
tion of the degree of " M. A. honoris causa." 

Shortly after he had become a member of the society, the. 
commissioners of the signet, under whose charge a fund of £120,000. 
had been left by Mr. James Dick, a London merchant, for the purpose, 
of assisting schoolmasters and promoting education in the counties 
of Aberdeen, Banff, and Moray,^ appointed Mr. Menzies their clerk 
in the management of the bequest, an office which practically laid 
upon him the duty of organising the system upon which this large 
fund was to be administered. 

Mr. Menzies entered upon the discharge of his difficult duties 
with great zeal and energy. For a period of years he on frequent 
occasions personally superintended the examinations in many of 
the schools in these counties ; he advised with the teachers in 
regard to the state of their schools and their methods of teaching ; 
he regularly reported to the commissioners, advising with them as 
to the progress and result of the work ; and through his untir- 
ing efforts the scheme gradually became developed into a great, 
system which has been the means of raising education in these 
counties to a very high standard. .,-;-hffB to n? ' art Till 

Although the office of clerk to the Dick bequest necessarily: 



THE CHAIE OF CONVEYANCING cxxiii 

occupied a considerable portion of his time, Mr. Menzies had given 
much attention to the duties of his profession, and more especi- 
ally to conveyancing. Accordingly, when the conveyancing chair 
became vacant, on professor Napier's death in 1847, he offered 
himself as a candidate for the oflfice ; and although he had as a 
competitor Mr. Alexander Duff, the able author of a treatise on 
Feudal Conveyancing and other legal works, the society by a large 
majority elected Mr. Menzies to the vacant chair. 

He showed as professor the same untiring zeal and energy in 
the discharge of his new duties as he had done in the management 
of the Dick bequest. ^ii jsm •:^:iimoo .JfiiiJ jJj^i' i!.i 

J, Mr. Bell and professor Napier had been in the practice of test- 
ing the progress of their students principally by oral examinations. 
Professor Menzies, owmg to deafness, finding himself unable to pur- 
sue the same method in a satisfactory manner, at once substituted 
for it the plan of frequent written examinations in the class-room, 
without the aid of book or notes, a system which, though entailing 
on the professor a largely increased amount of work, proved a more 
efficient test of progress than oral examinations, and has been 
followed by his successors in the chair. 

His constitution, which was never robust, unfortunately broke 
down imder the strain of his multifarious duties, and after filling the 
chair for a period of nine years, with an ability and success certainly 
not inferior to that of his distinguished predecessor, he died in 
February 1856, at the early age of fifty-two. His Lectures on 
Conveyancing, which were published a short time after his death, 
were highly appreciated by the profession, and have reached a third 
edition. Though they do not bring down the law to so late a date 
as those of his successor, to be afterwards noticed, they will always 
remain distinguished by their lucidity of expression and elegance of 
composition, while at the same time they testify to the thorough 
knowledge which the author possessed of both the theory and the 
practice of conveyancing. ^^ ^ ..^ _l 



cxxiv THE SOCIETY OP WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

Election of Mr. On the death of professor Menzies in 1856, Mr. Alexander 

^ontgomerie Montgomerie Bell, W.S., offered himself as a candidate for the 
vacant chair. Having been apprentice to Mr. John Dundas, W.S., 
in whose finn he afterwards became a partner, he had early devoted 
himself to the study of conveyancing, and from the ample opportuni- 
ties he had for applying his knowledge to practice, he soon became 
an accomplished conveyancer. So much indeed was this acknowledged 
by the profession at large that, when he became a candidate for 
the chair of conveyancing, no one else came forward as a competitor 
for it, and he was unanimously elected to fill the vacancy. It might 
have been thought that, coming as he did after so eminent a pre- 
decessor as professor Menzies, his task would be a difficult one ; but 
from the first his lectures showed his thorough practical knowledge of 
his subject, and his power of imparting that knowledge to his students. 
Unfortunately, like his predecessor, his constitution could not stand 
the strain which the additional work of the chair laid upon him, 
and after lecturing with great ability and success for nearly ten 
sessions, he died in Januaiy 1866, at the early age of fifty-four. 

His lectures, which at his own request were published shortly 
afterwards, though perhaps not marked by the elegance of com- 
position which distinguished those of professor Menzies, were much 
appreciated for their exhaustive and eminently practical character 
not only by students of conveyancing, but by the profession at 
large. Some years ago they reached a third edition, which brought 
down the law to the date of publication. 
Election of Mr. On professor Montgomerie BeU's death in 1866, Mr. James S. 

Fraser Tytler, W.S., was elected to fill the vacant chair, which he 
still holds. 

Success of the The success of the chair of conveyancing, of which the history 

ch^ of convey- j^^ ^^ixiQ been traced, is clearly shown by the increased number of 

students who take advantage of it. Although, from the first 

establishment of the lectureship in 1795, attendance on the lectures 

was compulsory on all who sought admission to the society, its 



James S. Fraser 
Tytler. 



IRE CHAIR OF CONVEYANCING cxxv 

records give no information as to the number of those students who 
did not come under this categoiy. There is Httle doubt, however, 
that the raising of the lectureship to the position of a university 
chair greatly extended its sphere of usefulness. This is shown by 
the society of solicitors in the supreme courts having likewise in 
1851 required attendance on the lectures on conveyancing from all 
intending inti-ants to that body. The faculty of advocates also 
subsequently added the course on conveyancing to the curriculum 
of legal study for all future members of the bar ; and the society 
of chartered accountants afterwards took a similar step in regard 
to entrance to that body. 

The university records do not give any information as to the 
number of students attending the individual chairs until 1859. It 
has been impossible therefore to ascertain the extent of the attendance 
while professor Napier held the chair, though there is no doubt that 
it had increased greatly from that durmg the lectureship. During 
Mr. Menzies' tenure of the professorship (1846-1856), the number of 
students varied from 99 his smallest number in 1851-52, to 114 
his largest in 1855-56. In the latter years of professor Mont- 
gomerie Bell's tenure of the chair the average number was 120. 
The number of students after 1866 gradually increased until 1874, 
after which it rapidly rose in consequence of the operation of the 
Law Agents Act of 1873 and the relative act of sederunt re- 
quiring attendance of university courses of lectures on Scots law 
and conveyancing from all future applicants for admission to the 
body of law agents. Although it is satisfactory to note this pubhc 
recognition by the supreme court of the value of the lectures de- 
livered from both of these chairs, it is still more so to add that 
the value of the lectures is fully recognised by the students them- 
selves. The covui; in 1886, on finding that it had exceeded its 
powers in requiring, under the act of sederunt of 1873, a particular 
curriculum of legal study, passed another act making attendance on 
these lectures no longer necessary for future intrants to the body of 



cxxvi THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

law agents. This apparently has had little effect in diminishing 
the number of students ; for whUe the average number in the con- 
veyancing class during the last three years in which attendance 
was compulsory (1885-1887) was 202, during the three years which 
have since elapsed, when attendance was not compulsory, it has been 
195. These figures, it is thought, are sufficient to show that the 
founding and endowment of the chair of conveyancing by the society 
was a wise step, and that it has been duly appreciated by the 
legal profession in Scotland. 




THE TYMMER BOX 

See p. Ixxxviii 



LIST OF WRITERS TO H.M, SIGNET 



This list contains exclusively the names of those 
Writers to the Signet whose admissions are registered in 
the existing Minutes of the Society, or who are other- 
wise recorded therein. The names of some members of 
a date prior to 1594 are noticed above in the chapter 
on the History of the Society. 



i' 



LIST OF WRITERS TO H.M. SIGNET 

1594-1890. 

Date of Admission. 
ABEECROMBY, ALEXANDER. 10th July 1770. 

Apprentice to John Syme. — Son of Alexander Abercromby, Merchant in Norway. 
Died 9th April 1804. 

ACHESON, ANDREW. 9th July 1680. 

Apprentice to John Kennedy. — Died 25th February 1702, aged 54. Mar. Louisa 
Borthwick. 

ADAIR, CHARLES MURDOCH. 28th March 1819. 

Apprentice to John Campbell and Andrew Clason. — Son of Dr. James M'Kettrick 
Adair, Physician in Harrogate. Died 23d March 1823. 

ADAIR, THOMAS, of Little Genoch. 3d July 1778. 

Apprentice to Cornelius Elliot. — Eldest son of Mr. Andrew Adair, of Little 
Genoch, Minister of Whithorn. Died 22d November 1820. Mar. (1) Jane, 
daughter of the Rev. Andrew Ross of Balsarroch, Wigtownshire ; and (2) 29th 
September 1783, Agnes, daughter of John Jameson, Merchant, Leith. 

ADAM, ALEXANDER FORSYTH. 11th March 1847. 

Apprentice to George Maclachlan and William Ivory. — Son of James Adam, 
S.S.C. Bom 24th July 1822. Died 24th December 1881, unmarried. 

ADAM, ARTHUR. 25th May 1883. 

Apprentice to J. 0. Mackenzie, W. R. and John Kermack. — Son of Stephen 
Adam, Wool-broker in Leith. Bom 30th April 1860. 

ADAM, GEORGE SEYMOUR. 29th June 1871. 

Apprentice to Robert Blair Maconochie. — Son of Patrick Adam, S.S.C. Bom 
26th May 1846. Died 13th May 1875, unmarried. 

ADAM, JAMES. 2l8t December 1820. 

Apprentice to James Drummond of Comrie. — Son of Hamilton Adam of Kerse- 
liead, Ayrshire. Died 3d December 1849, aged 79. 3far. 10th August 1807, 
Janet, eldest daughter of John Shedden of Morrishill, Ayrshire. 

A 



2 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

ADIE, CAMPBELL. 12th March 1788. 

Apprentice to William Campbell of Crawfordton. — Second son of Rev. George 
Adie, Minister of Camock. Bmti 1762. Died 29th January 1807. Mar. 1st 
May 1800, his cousin, Penelope, daughter of William Campbell of Queenshill, 
Kirkcudbrightshire. Circuit Clerk of Justiciary, 

ADIE, GEORGE, of Whitehouse. 13th June 1702. 

Apprentice to Thomas Pringle. — Died January 1748. Mar. December 1706, 
Agnes, daughter of John Menzies of Cammo and Whitehouse, Advocate. 

AIKENHEAD, ALEXANDER. 22d March 1630. 

Apprentice to Andrew Hay. 

AIKENHEAD, ALEXANDER. 26th January 1671. 

Apprentice to James Chrystie. — Son of David Aikenhead, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Fiscal, 1678-83. Died 4th September 1705, aged 62. 

AIKMAN, ANDREW. 26th July 1655. 

Apprentice to Robert Pringle. — Re-admitted, 14th November 1661. Died 
January 1691. 

AIKMAN, THOMAS, of Brimbleton. 18th December 1685. 

Apprentice to NicoU Hardy. — Second son of John Aikman of Caimie. Mar. 
(1) Isabel, daughter of Richard Lermont of Whitelawhouse ; and (2) Margaret, 
daughter of James Winram of Libberton. 

AINSLIE, JOHN. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. 

AINSLIE, ROBERT, of Edingham. 9th July 1789. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Eldest son of Robert Ainslie of Darnchester, 
Berwickshire. Born 13th January 1766. Died 11th April 1838. Mar. (1) 3d 
January 1799, Jane, daughter of Colonel James Cunningham, of the Dutch 
Service; (2) 18th October 1837, Isabella, eldest daughter of Rev. Robert Munro, 
of Ullapool. Author of A Father's Gift to his Children, and other works. 

AINSLIE, ROBERT. 18th June 1829. 

Apprentice to George Combe. — Eldest son of Archibald Ainslie, Tenant in 
Peaston, Mid-Lothian. Bwn 1806. Died 11th December 1858, unmarried. 

AITCHISON, WILLIAM KER 15th November 1832. 

Apprentice to Henry Gordon Dickson. — Son of William Aitchison, Brewer at 
Kerfield. Born 10th March 1807. Died 26th February 1854. Mar. 12th July 
1830, Jane, daughter of William Murray, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

ALEXANDER, JOHN. 2d May 1634. 

Apprentice to Hew Rose. 



LIST OF MEMBERS $ 

ALEXANDER, JOHN. ----- 16th June 1655. ' 

Apprentice to James Tinto. — Re-admitted 11th April 1661. Died 1683. 

ALEXANDER, JOHN. 20th November 1662. 

Apprentice to Robert Alexander and John Bayne. — Died November 1711. 

ALEXANDER, ROBERT. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. Keeper of the Signet, 26th December 
1627. Died about 1630. 

ALEXANDER, ROBERT. 2d April 1638. 

Apprentice to John Mudie. — Son of John Alexander, Merchant Burgess of 
Aberdeen. Died 1667. Mar. (1) Jean Cargill; and (2) Janet Anderson. — Re- 
admitted 21st November 1660. 

ALEXANDER, ROBERT, of Blackhouse. 30th June 1707. 

Apprentice to Ronald Campbell. — Son of Mr. James Alexander of Blackhouse, 
Minister of Kilmalcolm. Died 23d May 1723. Mar. (1) Sophia, daughter of 
John Blair of Innerwick; (2) 8th January 1716, Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Alexander, Advocate. Principal Clerk of Session, 14th December 1715 till death. 

ALEXANDER, WILLIAM. 30th November 1819. 

Apprentice to John Archibald Campbell. — Son of Forrest Alexander, Merchant 
in Edinburgh. Born 1798. Died 21st December 1859. Mar. 18th October 
1833, Jessie Mercer, eldest daughter of Alexander Gordon. Commissary Clerk 
of Edinburgh, 1850-60. Author of Digest of tlie Bankmptmj Act. 

ALISON, JOHN. 23d November 1813. 

Apprentice to David Wemyss. — Eldest son of Colin Alison, Writer in Montrose. 
Died 14th March 1836, aged 45, unmarried. 

ALISON, JOHN. 25th June 1829. 

Apprentice to Alexander Blair. — Son of John Alison, residing in Dundee. 
Died 19th February 1850, aged 62, unmarried. 

ALISONE, ALEXANDER, of Birkhill. 15th June 1698. 

Apprentice to John Strachan. — Son of Alexander Alisone of Birkhill, Fifeshire. 
Died September 1728. 

ALISONE, ALEXANDER. 10th March 1719. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Alexander Alisone, W.S. — Died 1st January 1728. 
Mar. Grizel, daughter of Thomas Wemyss, Advocate. 

ALLAN, ALEXANDER. 15th January 1819. 

Apprentice to George Robertson. — Third son of William Allan, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Died 1st February 1871, aged 76. Mar. 

ALLANE, JAMES. 20th June 1649. 

Apprentice to Robert Pringle. — Died January 1693. Mar. Isobel Heriot. 
Treasurer, 1659-62. Re-admitted 2l8t November 1660. 



* THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

ALLARDICE, WILLIAM PATRICK. 28th January 1836. 

Apprentice to John Mackenzie Lindsay. — Son of Captain William Allardice of 

,,,;,; Murlingden. Bm-n 8th October 1807. Died 12th August 1876. Mar. (1) 25th 

March 1834, Anna Maria, daughter of Captain John Macdiarmid; and (2) 12th 

September 1854, Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh Colquhoun, Glasgow. 

.A 

ALLEN, CHARLES EDWARD. 24th June 1835. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson. — Son of John Lee Allen of Errol Park 
^or» 16th November 1810. Dt'ecZ at Montreal 4th July 1885, unmarried. \^ 

ALLESTER, DAVID. 28th June 1827. 

Apprentice to Thomas Bums. — Son of William Allester, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Born 1802. Died 29th October 1851. Mar. 9th August 1838, Agnes, eldest 
daughter of Robert Paul, W.S. 

ALSTON, GAVIN. 17th November 1815. 

Apprentice to John Granger. — Son of John Alston, in Bothwellhaugh, Parish of 

Bothwell. Died 16th May 1820. Mar. 20th August 1817, Jane, only daughter 

of Captain Thomson, R.N. 

lA 

ALSTON, WILLIAM. 18th January 1749. 

Apprentice to Alexander Stevenson of Montgreenan. — Died 5th April 1775. Mar. 

Janet Clark. Deputy Auditor of Exchequer. 

ALVES, ANDREW. 25th September 1722. 

Apprentice to, and son of, William Alves, W.S. — Died 23d January 1760. '•'' 

ALVES, WILLIAM. 28th June 1700. 

Apprentice to William Russell. — Died 7th September 1722. Mar. Ann Hamilton. 

Under Keeper of the Signet, 9th November 1709. Joint Deputy-Keeper, 1710-1 1. 
"" Commissary of Dumfries. M.P. for Sanquhar, 1702-7. 

ANDERSON, DAVID. 

Commissioner, 26th December 1627. — Died about 1635. 

ANDERSON, DAVID. 18th August 1731. 

Apprentice to William Veitch. — Only son of Andrew Anderson, Writer in Edin- 
burgL Barn 1707. Died 11th January 1786. Mar. 5th November 1745, Mary, 
daughter of John Mitchelson of Middletou, Mid-Lothian. 

ANDERSON, DAVID BROWN. 11th July 1867. 

Apprentice to Mackenzie, Innes, and Logan. — Second son of William Anderson 
of Hallyards, Peeblesshire, Merchant in Leith. Born 22d March 1842. 

ANDERSON, FRANCIS. 6th December 1773. . / 

Apprentice to, and son of, David Anderson, W.S. — Died 27th April 1823, aged 
76. Mar. (1) Miss Martin, and (2) Jane Easton. Deputy Auditor of Exchequer. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 4ft 

ANDERSON, FRxVNCIS. ' 1st July 1837, ' 

Apprentice to Tliomas Cranston. — Fifth son of John Anderson of Inchyra, 
Perthshire. Bom 19th August 1804. Dkd 18th December 1855. Mar. 24th 
October 1848, Henrietta Maria, daughter of Rev. Edward Law, D.D., British 
Chaplain at St. Petersburg. 

ANDERSON, HUGH HODGSON. 14th January 1890. 

Apprentice to Alexander Paterson Purves. — Younger son of James Anderson, 
Banker, Leith. Bom 24th January 1867. 

ANDERSON, J. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. 

ANDERSON, JAMES. 6th June 1691. 

Apprentice to Robert Richardson. — Son of the Rev. Patrick Anderson, Minister 
at Welstoune. B<mi 5th August 1662. Died 2d April 1728. Mar. daughter of 
John Ellis of Elliston, Advocate. Author of Dlplomata Scot'm, and other works. 
Fiscal, 5th December 1698. Postmaster-General for Scotland from June 1715 to 
29th November 1717. 

ANDERSON, JOHN. 19th May 1629. 

Son of David Anderson, W.S. 

ANDERSON, JOHN, of Inchyra. 12th July 1779. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Third son of David Andei-son, W.S. Bmii 
4th August 1754. Dud 18th June 1814. Mar. 10th August 1784, Janet, 
daughter of Samuel Mitchelson. 

ANDERSON, JOHN. 24th May 1821. 

Apprentice to James Carnegy. — Third son of Peter Anderson, Writer in 
Inverness. Born 1797. Died 13th November 1839. Mar. 22d April 1823, 
Elizabeth, only daughter of Alexander Mackenzie of Woodside. 

ANDERSON, JOHN. 27th May 1824. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston. — Fourth son of John Anderson, W.S. Born 
15th June 1799. Died 4th May 1862. Mar. 15th October 1833, Harriet, second 
daughter of George Carr, of Newcastle. 

ANDERSON, JOHN RAMSAY. 21st October 1874. 

Apprentice to Frederick Pitman. — Son of Francis Anderson, W.S. Born 25th 
May 1851. Mar. 5th January 1875, Elizabeth Moore, only child of Admiral 
John Hay, of the Seggieden family. 

ANDERSON, PATRICK. 2d December 1779. 

Apprentice to Walter Scott. — Second son of James Anderson of Kingask and 
Newbigging, Advocate. Diec^ 24th December 1809, aged 54. Mar. 14th Septem- 
ber 1786, Susan, daughter of Rev. Gilbert Hamilton, D.D., Minister of Craraond. 



6 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

ANDERSON, PETER. 11th December 1828. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie. — Youngest son of Adam Anderson, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Bmn 1803. Died 23d November 1855. Mar. (1) 14th October 
1834, Frances, daughter of Campbell Gardner, Edinburgh; (2) 2d December 
1850, Agnes, youngest daughter of John Anderson, Henderland. 

ANDERSON, ROBERT SMITH. 16th November 1831. 

Apprentice to (1) Hugh Rollo ; (2) Robert W. Niven ; and (3) Anthony Murray. 
— Son of Donald Anderson, Macer to the Court of Justiciary. Born 23d May 
1809. Died January 1868. Mar. 2d January 1839, Margaret Kelly, eldest 
daughter of James M'Farlane of Balwill, Stirlingshire. 

ANDERSON, ROBERT TROTTER. 29th October 1888. 

Apprentice to Graham C. Somervell.— Son of Thomas Anderson, Merchant, 
Edinburgh. Born 25th September 1864. 

ANDERSON, ROBERT YOUNG. 13th November 1816. 

Apprentice to William Inglis.— Eldest son of Robert Anderson, sometime 
Merchant in the island of Antigua, and afterwards in Edinburgh. Died 15th 
November 1851, aged 59, unmarried. 

ANDERSON, SAMUEL. 12th June 1818. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, John Anderson, W.S. — Bom 1791. Di^ 11th 
July 1849. Mar. (1) 30th August 1824, Anne, eldest daughter of James Milnes, 
Heatherwick House, East-Lothian; and (2) 15th May 1833, Charlotte Wilkinson. 

ANDERSON, THOMAS SCOTT. 24th June 1830. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie.— Son of Archibald Anderson, Merchant in Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n 1808. Died 14th September 1884. Mar. 15th July 1834, Hannah, 
daughter of James Lowthorp of Welton Hall, Yorkshire. 

ANDERSON, WILLIAM. 24th June 1774. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Son of Andrew Anderson of Rashiegrain. 
Died 28th October 1785. Mar. 21st March 1775, Jenny, daughter of George 
Clerk Maxwell of DuncriefT, Dumfriesshire. 

ANDERSON, WILLIAM. 28th November 1791. 

Apprentice to William Dick. — Son of James Anderson, Merchant in Glasgow. 
Died 20th October 1796. 

ANDRO, JOHN. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. 



LIST OF MEMBERS T 

ANSTEUTHEE, JAMES, of Treesbank. 22d June 1826. 

Apprentice to John Kerr.— Son of Colonel Robert Anstruther of the Royal Tay 
Fencibles. Bm-n 16th September 1803. Died 19th May 1867. Mar. (1) 27th 
March 1828, Marion, daughter of Sir John Anstruther, Chief-Justice of Bengal ; 
(2) 11th October 1866, Anabella Agnes, eldest daughter of Thomas Anderson of 
Glendrissaig, Ayrshire, Advocate. 

ANTHONE, PATRICK. 12th February 1701. 

Apprentice to James Camegy. — Died before 1708. 

ARBUTHNOT, PETER. 13th November 1678. 

Apprentice to Henry Graham. — Brother of Alexander Arbuthnot, Merchant, and 
one of the Bailies of Dundee. Died 6th March 1704, aged 52. 

ARCHIBALD, HUGH, of Dankeith. 13th January 1681. 

Apprentice to Archibald Nisbet. — Jlfar. Margaret Campbell. Di^ before 1705. 

ARMOUR, JAMES. 2d December 1723. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Lines; and (2) Andrew Haliburton. — Died 23d August 
1756. Mar. (1) Isobel Couter; and (2) June 1736, Euphemia, daughter of 
John Deans of Woodhouselee, Mid-Lothian. 

ARNOTT, JAMES, of Leithfield. 21st November 1815. 

Apprentice to John Campbell of Annfield. — Son of James Ariiott, Farmer in 
Arbikie, Forfarshire. Bom 1791. Died 21st December 1866. Mar. 31st October 
1835, Emily Sophia, fourth daughter of Edward Fletcher of Corsock. 

ARNOTT, JOHN. 20th December 1821. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Died 5th April 1864, aged 70, unmarried. 

ARNOTT, JOHN WALICER. 25th June 1829. 

Apprentice to ^neas Macbean.— Son of David Walker Arnott, of Arlary, Kinross- 
shire. Born 21st August 1806. Died 23d March 1850, unmarried. 

ARNOTT, THOMAS, of Chapel. 23d June 1817. 

Apprentice to John Ferrier. — Eldest son of Robert Arnott of Chapel, Fifeshire. 
Died 27th March 1865, aged 73. Mar. 13th November 1838, Jane Arnot, 
youngest daughter of the Rev. Andrew Grant, D.D., one of the Ministers of St. 
Andrew's Church, Edinburgh. 

ASHER, AUGUSTUS GORDON GRANT 15th July 1889. 

Apprentice to Charles Morton and John Neilson. — Only son of John Gordon 
Asher, M.D., Surgeon-Major in Bengal Staff Corps. Bm-n 18th December 1861. 

AUCHTERLONY, JOHN. 27th January 1699. 

Apprentice to John Guthrie. — Died 21st February 1716. Mar. Marjory Graham. 



8 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

AULD, HUGH. 13th July 1871. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Auld, W.S. — Bom 25th March 1845. 

AULD, JOHN. 28th November 1833. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Eldest son of Hugh Auld, Cashier of the Com- 
mercial Bank. Bmii 2d November 1810. Died 28th March 1875. Mar. 11th 
June 1844, Jane, youngest daughter of Robert Johnstone, Merchant, Port-Glasgow. 

AULD, JOHN CARNEGIE, 29th October 1880. 

Apprentice to Colin Mackenzie, A. D. M. Black, and J. M. Mackenzie. — Second 
son of John Auld, "W.S. Born 17th February 1854. 

AUSTIN, ROBERT DAVID JARDINE MEIN. 14th January 1890. 

Apprentice to Archibald Steuart. — Son of Rev. John Mein Austin, of St, Mungo. 
Bwn 4th July 1864. ^. 

AYTOUN, ROBERT, of Capledrae. 9th June 1825. 

Apprentice to James F. Gordon. — Youngest son of Major-General Aytoun of 
Inchdairnie. Bm'n 17th March 1799. Died 9th September 1874. Mar. 17th 
May 1844, Helene Louisa Adelaide, daughter of George Reid Maugham, London. 

AYTOUN, ROGER, of Murieston. 8th July 1790. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson, Junr. — Eldest son of William Aytoun, W.S. 
Died 16th March 1843, aged 76. Mar. 9th March 1807, Joan, daughter of James 
Keir of Kinmonth, Perthshire. Director in Chancery 1837-43. 

AYTOUN, WILLIAM. 16th December 1760. 

Apprentice to James Graham. — Second son of Roger Aytoun of Inchdairnie, 
Fifeshire. Died May 1780. Mar. 3d June 1766, Isobel, only daughter of Colonel 
Patrick Ekimonstone. 

AYTOUN, WILLIAM EDMONDSTOUNE. 14th May 1835. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Roger Aytoun, W.S. — Bom 21st June 1813. Died 
4th August 1865. Mar. (1) 11th April 1849, Jane Emily, youngest daughter of 
Professor John Wilson, "Christopher North"; and (2) 24th December 1863, 
Feame Jemima, second daughter of James Kinnear, W.S. Author of Lays of tlie 
Scotti'yh Cavaliers, and other poems. Admitted Advocate, 20th November 1840, 
Professor of Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres in the University of Edinburgh, 1845. 
Sheriff of Orkney, 1852. 

BABINGTON, WILLIAM. 17th October 1878. 

Apprentice to James Lindesay, Junr. — Second son of Lieutenant-Colonel 
William Babington, 7th Hussars. Bo^ii 10th Januaiy 1856. 

BAILLIE, ANDREW. 20th December 1682. 

Apprentice to Archibald Nisljet.^i)i«(i before 1694. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 9 

BAILLIE, JAMES, of Hardington. 14th April 1694. 

Apprentice to Audrew Baillie. — Son of Alexander Baillie of Hillhouse. Bom 
1660. Died 28th July 1747. Mar. (1) Elizabeth, daughter of David Johnston, 
Merchant Burgess of Edinburgh ; and (2) July 1704, Anna, daughter of George 
Livingstone of Saltcoats, Haddingtonshire. Treasurer, 1710-14. 

BAILLIE, JAMES WILLIAM, of Culterallers. 12th November 1847. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie, J. B. Innes, and John Logan. — Son of Robert 
Granbery Baillie of Culterallers. Bm-n 15th October 1824. Died 30th April 
1880. Mar. 17th March 1857, Wilhelmina, daughter of John Ronald, S.S.C. 

BAILLIE, JOHN. 7th September 1721. 

Apprentice to John Stewart. — Son of James Baillie, Sherift-Clerk of Inverness. 
Bom 1689. Died 9 th January 1754. Mar. Catherine Dunbar. 

BAILLIE, THOMAS, of Polkemmet. 3d May 1732. 

Apprentice to Robert Hepburn. — Eldest son of Thomas Baillie of Polkemmet. 
Died 3d February 1785. Mar. Isobel, daughter of Mr. Alexander Walker, 
Minister of Kirkurd. Father of Sir William Baillie, Bart., Lord Polkemmet. 

BAILLIE, WILLIAM. 19th November 1801. 

Apprentice to Charles Innes. — Eldest son of William Baillie, Commissary Clerk 
of Brechin. Died 13th February 1855, aged 82. Mar. 25 th April 1808, Grace 
Margaret, daughter of John Mackenzie of Dolphinton, Lanarkshire. Sheriff- 
Substitute at Dumfries 1815-39. 

BAILLIE, WILLIAM, of Falahill. 21st May 1829. 

Apprentice to Melville Bui-d, Thomas Macmillan, and John MiUer. — Son of 
John Baillie, Edinburgh. Born 1805. Died 3d December 1876, unmarried. 

BAILLIE, WILLIAM ROBERT. 2d June 1836. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie. — Son of William Baillie, W.S. Born 30th 
November 1812. Died 9th August 1858. Mar. (1) 4th October 1842, Maria 
Inglis, daughter of William Young, Writer in Kilmarnock; and (2) 15th 
February 1848, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Johnston, Surgeon in Edinburgh. 

BAIRD, JAMES, OF CHE.STERHALL. 19th July 1697. 

Servitor to Sir James Ogilvie, Principal Secretary of State. — Eldest sou of John 
Baird, Bailie in CuUen. Died July 1741. Mar. (1) 1st July 1697, Margaret, 
daughter of John Anderson, Depute Clerk of Justiciary; (2) 15th August 1706, 
Jean Watson, of the family of Bilton Park, Yorkshire ; and (3) Mary, daughter 
of the Rev. James Oswald, minister of Watten. 

BAIRD, JAMES JOHN. 20th December 1827. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young. — Second son of James Baird of the Shotts 
Ironworks. Bmi 1804. Died 11th December 1831. Mwr. 14th April 1829, 
Ann, daughter of Alexander Dallas, W.S. 

B 



10 THE SOCIETY Of WRITHES TO THE SIGNET 

BAIRD, JOHN. 

Commissioner, 18th October 1631. 

BAIRD, JOHN. 26th February 1824. 

Apprentice to ^neas Macbean. — Son of John Baird of Camelou, Stirlingshire. 
Died at Calcutta 4th September 1842, aged 43, unmanned. 

BAIRD, JOHN WARDEN. 4th July 1828. 

Apprentice to John Ferrier. — Son of Thomas Walker Baird, Advocate. Bom 
1799. Died 1st February 1875, unmarried. 

BAIRNSFATHER, HUGH. 21st May 1806. 

Apprentice to Harry Davidson. — Son of David Bairnsfather, Farmer in Harper- 
dean. Died 25th November 1812. Mar. 1806, Catherine, daughter of Robert 
Walker of Whitelaw, Haddington. 

BAIRNSFATHER, PETER, of Dumbarrow. 17 th May 1832. 

Apprentice to John Russell. — Eldest son of Hugh Baimslather, W.S. Bmii 27th 
May 1809. Died 31st May 1890. Mar. 7th July 1840, Sarah Every, daughter 
of Major William Miller, Royal Horse Guards. 

BALCANQUALL, DAVID. 19th July 1695. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Died 27th February 1702. 

BALDERSTON, WILLIAM. 20th November 1778. 

Apprentice to Walter Scott. — Son of George Balderston, Surgeon in St. 
Christopher's and afterwards in Edinburgh. Died 2d Januaiy 1818. Mar. 
29th March 1796, Helen, second daughter of William Charles Little Gilmour of 
Craigmillar, Mid-Lothian. 

BALDERSTON, WILLIAM CHARLES. 25th November 1824. 

Apprentice to (1) William Balderston, and (2) William Scott. — Eldest son of 
William Balderston, W.S. Died 19th April 1851, aged 52, unmarried. 

BALFOUR, ANDREW. 3d November 1686. 

Apprentice to George Dallas of 'Si. ]\Iiirtins. — Died November 1697. Mar. 

(1) Elizabeth, daughter of George Bayne, Merchant Burgess, Edinburgh ; and 

(2) Margaret, eldest daughter of John Wedderbum of Blackness, Forfarshire. 

BALFOUR, CHARLES. 9th July 1821. 

Apprentice to Hugh James Rollo. — Son of John Balfour, Merchant in Glasgow. 
Born 4th January 1798. Died 22d May 1856. Mar. 1842, Charlotte, daughter 
of Dugald Macgregor, Merchant, Greenock. 

BALFOUR, DAVID, of Somerside. 19th July 1779. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Third son of William Balfour of Trenaby, 
Orkney. Born 8th November 1754. Died 25th May 1813. Mar. Marion, 
daughter of George M'Intosh of Dunchattan. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 11 

BALFOUR, DAVID, of Trenaby. 29th June 1837. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Son of William Balfour of Ellwick, Orkney. 
Bam 14th October 1811. Dkd 19th November 1887. Mar. 12th December 
1844, Eleanor Alder, daughter of Captain Samuel Barker Edmeston: Author of 
Odd Rights and Feudal Wrongs: A Mevunial /<»■ Oi-kney. Convener for the 
County of Orkney, 1854-87. 

BALFOUR, GEORGE. 12th March 1736. 

Apprentice to (1) John Mein, and (2) Alexander Stevenson of Montgreenan. — 
Son of James Balfour of Pilrig. Died 28th March 1751. Mar. October 1739, 
Ann, daughter of Alexander Stevenson of Montgreenan, W.S. 

BALFOUR, JAMES. 26th June 1769. 

Apprentice to John Davidson. — Eldest son of George Balfour, W.S. Died 24th 
November 1806. 

BALFOUR, JAMES, of Pilrig. 17th February 1800. 

Apprentice to James Gibson. — Eldest son of John Balfour, younger of Pilrig. 
Born 7th January 1774. Died 20th March 1860. Mar. 24th February 1806, 
Anne, daughter of Captain John Mackintosh of Corribrough, Inverness-shire. 

BALFOUR, JAMES. 6th June 1839. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, James Balfour of Pilrig, W.S. — Born 17th 
February 1815. Mar. 15th August 1844, Eliza Ogilvy, daughter of James Heriot 
of Ramomie, Fifeshire, W.S. 

BALFOUR, JAMES HERIOT. 15th October 1873. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Balfour, W.S. — Bom 8th July 1845. 
Mar. 21st November 1878, Mary Louisa, elder daughter of Sir David Dundas of 
Beechwood and Dunira, Bart. 

BALFOUR, JOHN. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. DM about 1628. 

BALFOUR, JOHN LEWIS GRAHAM. 1st June 1820. 

Apprentice to James Gibson. — Son of John Balfour of Sauchrie. Died 4th April 
1866, aged 71. Mar. 5th October 1824, Alexis, eldest daughter of Charles 
Mercer, Allan Park, Stirling. 

BALFOUR, LESLIE MELVILLE. 17th July 1879. 

Apprentice to James Mylne. — Sixth son of James Balfour, W.S. Bo)-n 9th 
March 1854. Mar. 25th November 1879, Jeaiiie A., eldest daughter of William 
Wilson, M.D., and niece of the Right Hon. John Inglis, Lord Justice-General. 



12 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

BALFGUR-MELVILLE, JOHN MACKINTOSH, of Pilrig and Strathkinness. 

5th March 1835. 
Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Balfour of Pilrig. — Born 23d September 
1811. Mar. 21st September 1841, Anne, daughter of Harry Rainy, M.D., 
Professor of Forensic Medicine in the University of Glasgow. 

BALFOUR, WILLIAM. 27th June 1820. 

Apprentice to James Hamilton. — Son of William Balfour, Surgeon in Edinburgh. 
Brn-n 1794. Died 30th September 1873, unmarried. 

BALLANTYNE, WILLIAM, of Shirva. 30th June 1801. 

Apprentice to John Hunter. — Second son of James Ballantyne, Merchant in 
Glasgow. Died 1st May 1827. 

BALLINGAL, ANDREW HUNTER. 6th June 1867. 

Apprentice to John Dundas, William Wilson, and A. M. Bell. — Second son of 
William Ballingal, Factor, Sweetbank, Fifeshire. Born 21st July 1841. Mar. 
6th September 1876, Ellen, elder daughter of Archibald Bums and Ellen 
Caroline Macpherson Macdonald of Glencoe. 

BALLINGALL, GEORGE. DAVID. 15th July 1886. 

Apprentice to William Stuart Eraser.— Eldest son of David Ballingall, Factor, 
Blair-Drummond, Perthshire. Bmi 2d March 1852. Mar. 17th April 1888, 
Annie Niven Maclean, daughter of Robert K. Mastertoii, Edinburgh. 

BANNATYNE, JAMES, of Kiretoun of Newtyle. 

Son of Thomas Banuatyne, Senator of the College of Justice. Commissioner, 4th 
December 1595. Depute Clerk of Justiciary. 

BANNATYNE, JOHN. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

BANNATYNE, or BALLANTYNE, PATRICK. 
Commissioner, 1st June 1607. 

BANNERMAN, ALEXANDER. 18th September 1714. 

Apprentice to Andrew Haliburton. — Died about 1724. 

BANNERMAN, CHARLES. 5th July 1742. 

Apprentice to George Chalmers. — Second son of Patrick Bannerman, Merchant, 
and Lord Provost of Aberdeen. Died 6th February 1747, unmarried. 

BANNERMAN, JAMES PATRICK. 24th October 1879, 

Apprentice to the Hon. J. W. Moncreiff. — Second son of the Rev. James 
Bannerman, D.D., Professor of Divinity, New College, Edinburgh. Bm-n 8th 
August 1854. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 13 

BAEBOUR, PETER. 29th July 1633. 

Apprentice to Robert Wallace. — Died before 1669. Mar. Isabell Carmichaell. 
Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

BARCLAY, ANTHONY. 20th June 1769. 

Apprentice to Alexander M'Millan. — Son of John Barclay, Writing-master in 
Dundee. Died 27th September 1811. Mar. 22d December 1801, Grace, eldest 
daughter of the Rev. Patrick Grant, Minister of Cromdale. 

BARCLAY, JAMES ROBERTSON, of Keavil. 25th February 1740. 

Apprentice to Hew Crawford. — Son of George Robertson of Craigarnhall. Died 
8th July 1792. Mar. 24th September 1744, Isobel, second daughter of Robert 
Wellwood of Garvock, Fifeshire. 

BARRON, GEORGE. 4th June 1829. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Burnett, and (2) Alexander Donald. — Son of John 
Barron, Aberdeen. Died 11th August 1851, aged 51. Mar. 26th December 
1837, Elizabeth, second daughter of Alexander Adie, Optician, Edinburgh. 

BAUCHOP, JAMES CALDER. 10th December 1840. 

Apprentice to Robert Rutherford. — Only son of Robert Bauchop, residing at 
Dens, near Bo'ness. Born 1814. Died 1852, unmarried. 

BAXTER, CHARLES. 27th July 1871. 

Apprentice to (1) Edmund Baxter, and (2) T. G. Murray and J. A. Jamieson. — 
Son of Edmund Baxter, W.S. Born 27th December 1848. Ma/r. 24th July 1877, 
Grace Roberta Louisa, youngest daughter of Major-General Robert Stewart, 
H.E.I.C.S. 

BAXTER, EDMUND. 11th July 1837. 

Apprentice to Allan Macdougall. — Born 12th April 1813. Mar. 30th March 
1847, Mary, daughter of William Turnbull of Forthbank, Stiilingshire. Auditor 
of the Court of Session, 1866. 

BAXTER, JAMES. 5th December 1811. 

Apprentice to John Dundas. — Son of the Rev. Colin Baxter, Minister of 
Monzievaird. Died 18th May 1864, aged 78, unmarried. 

BAYLEY, GEORGE. 18th June 1856. 

Apprentice to Thomas Elder M'Ritchie. — Eldest son of Isaac Bayley of Manuel, 
Stirlingshire, S.S.C. Born 12th October 1831. Mar. 24th March 1863, Helen 
Christian, youngest daughter of William Hunt of Navity, Fifeshire, W.S. 

BAYNE, JOHN. 

Signs the Acts 26tb December 1627. 



14 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

BAYNE, JOHN. 25th February 1635. 

Apprentice to Cuthbert Miller. — Second son of John Bayne, W.S. Struck off 
the Roll of Society, 8th January 1666, having been appointed Sheriff-Clerk of 
Berwickshire. 

BAYNE, JOHN, of Pitcairly. 9th January 1655. 

Apprentice to John Semple. — Son of Donald Bayne. Died 28th January 1681, 
aged 60. Mar. Euphan Aikman, sister of Andrew Aikman, "W.S. Ke-admitted 
8th July 1661. 

BAYNE, JOHN. 9th June 1825. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Son of John Bayne, Schoolmaster in Leith. 
Born 1795. Died 10th May 1843. 3Iar. 20th July 1831, Jessie, daughter of 
James Cassie of Banff. Lecturer on Conveyancing to the Juridical Society. 

BEATOUN, ALEXANDER, of Langhermiston. 13th March 1650. 

Apprentice to Alexander Douglas. — Second son of Alexander Beatoun, Burgess 
of Anstruther. Died 9th November 1672, aged 57. Mar. 1642, Marjory 
Kennedie. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

BEATSON, ALEXANDER. 20th June 1793. 

Apprentice to Alexander Mackenzie. — Son of the Rev. David Beatson, Minister 
of Dunbamey. Died 10th October 1806. 

BEATSON, ROBERT. 13th May 1869. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton and George Thomas Kinnear. — Son of 
Robert Beatson, Writer in Edinburgh. Born 1st November 1833. Mar. 21st 
October 1879, Mary Editha, second daughter of Robert Tod, M.D., Dysart. 

BEGG, ANDREW VANNAN, B.L. 16th July 1889. 

Apprentice to R W. Wallace. — Son of John Begg, Ironmaster, Kinniel, Bo'ness, 
Bom 15th April 1857. 

BEITH, DONALD. 17th July 1862. 

Apprentice to James Greig and Charles Morton. — Son of Gilbert Beith, residing 
in Lochgilphead. Bo)-n 25th November 1815. Mar. 16th November 1870, 
Mina Maria, third daughter of James Balfour, and widow of Andrew Murray, 
Jun., W.S. Admitted S.S.C. 1850. 

BEITH, ROBERT DONALD. 19th July 1872. 

Apprentice to Andrew Murray, Junr., and Donald Beith, his uncle. — Son of the 
Rev. Alexander Beith, D.D., Minister of the Free North Church, Stirling. Bm-n 
16th October 1844. 

BELL, ALAN RUTHERFORD, of Hillowton. 6th February 1888. 

Apprentice to David Wardlaw. — Son of John Bell of Hillowton, Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Born Ist November 1862. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 15 

BELL, ALEXANDER MONTGOMERIE. 5th March 1835. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Son of John Bell, Merchant in Paisley. Bom 
4th December 1809. Died 19th January 1866. Mar. 21st June 1836, Margaret, 
eldest daughter of Hugh Colquhoun, Merchant in Glasgow. Professor of 
Conveyancing in the University of Edinburgh, 1856-66. Author of Lectures 
on Conveyancing. 

BELL, BENJAMIN WILLIAM. 13th June 1833. 

Apprentice to, and son of, William Bell, W.^.—Bmii 23d July 1810. Died 22d 
August 1840, unmarried. 

BELL, CARLYLE 6th March 1810. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston. — Youngest son of Thomas Bell, Merchant in 
London. Died 27th August 1850, aged 71. Mar. (1) 25th December 1806, 
Joan, daughter of the Rev. Robert Home, Minister of Polwarth; and (2) 13th 
July 1821, Jean Dickie, eldest daughter of Charles Cuningham of Newholm, 
W.S. 

BELL, CHARLES, of Craigfoodie. 19th August 1700. 

Apprentice to William Dykes. — Son of Robert Bell, W.S. Died May 1731. 
Mar. April 1706, Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Andrew Ury, Minister of 
Muiravonside. 

BELL, CHARLES YOUNG BEATSON. 13th November 1862. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Beatson Bell, W.S.—£mi 1835. Died 26th 
April 1868, unmarried. 

BELL, GIDEON WILLIAM, of Fourtoun. 30th June 1831. 

Apprentice to William Scott and Gilbert Laurie Finlay. — Son of William Bell, 
Farmer, Swintonhill, Berwickshire. Bwn 14th August 1805. Died 4th March 
1887. Mar. 10th October 1855, Barbara Leonora, second daughter of General 
Alexander Dirom. * 

BELL, HAMILTON. 8th August 1785. 

Apprentice to Walter Ross.— Son of John Bell, Stabler in Edinburgh. Died 
6th May 1807. 

BELL, JOHN. 23d June 1757. 

Apprentice to Hew Crawford.— Second son of John Bell of Alderston. Died 
12th July 1776. 3Iar. 14th March 1774, Clementina, daughter of John Blair of 
Dunskey, Wigtownshire. 

BELL, JOHN, OF Greenhill. 24th November 1774. 

Apprentice to John Bell.— Eldest son of Richard Bell of Between-the- Waters. 
Died 1776. 



16 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

BELL, JOHN, OF Craigeoch. 8th May 1798. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Eldest son of John Bell, W.S. Died 15th 
November 1852, unmarried. 

BELL, JOHN, OF Castlecreavie. 21st January 1874. 

Apprentice to William Waddell. — Son of William Bell of Gribdae, Kirkcud- 
brightshire. Born 17th July 1848. Mar. 14th April 1879, Agnes, eldest 
surviving daughter of James Newall of Goldielea, Kirkcudbrightshire. Deputy 
Keeper of the Great Seal, 1882. 

BELL, JOHN BEATSON, of Kilduncan. 28th Febniary 1828. 

Apprentice to Charles Nairne. — Eldest son of the Rev. Andrew Bell of Kildun- 
can, Minister of Crail. Born 1802. i^i«(n 5th May 1868. ilfar. 16th December 
1830, Ann, eldest daughter of Charles Young, Merchant in Leith. 

BELL, JOHN MONTGOMERIE. 27th November 1862. 

Apprentice to, and sou of, Alexander Montgomerie Bell, W.S.—Born 28th May 
1837. Mar. 26th July 1870, Elizabeth Jane, daughter of Henry Simpson, 
Selville, Portobello. 

BELL, MATTHEW MONTGOMERIE. 26th May 1864. 

Apprentice to John Dundas, William Wilson, and Alexander Montgomerie 
Bell. — Son of John Montgomerie Bell, Advocate, Sheriff of Kincardineshire. 
Born 5th March 1840. 3Iar. 4th April 1877, Jane Caroline, second surviving 
daughter of James Cockburn, Rampore, Bauleah, Bengal. 

BELL, RICHARD, of Castle O'er and Crurie. 2d August 1859. 

Apprentice to James Steuart. — Son of George Graham Bell of Crurie, Advocate. 
Bom 12th September 1833. Mar. (1) 29th July 1864, Jane, daughter of 
William Aitchison of Briery Hill; (2) 19th June 1878, Margaret Elizabeth, 
daughter of Captain David Marshall, H.E.I.C.S. ; and (3) 14th September 1880, 
Henrietta May, second surviving daughter of S. H. May Somerville of 
Whitecroft. 

BELL, ROBERT. 22d June 1784. 

Apprentice to William Macdonald. — Eldest son of Rev. William Bell, one of the 
Ministers of Edinburgh. Died Ist November 1816. Mar. Mary Hamilton, 
granddaughter of Claud Hamilton, Writer, Maybole. Admitted Advocate, 4th 
July 1812. Lecturer on Conveyancing. Author of A Dictionary of the Law of 
Scotland, and other legal works. 

BELL, ROBERT. 29th November 1673. 

Apprentice to Patrick Don. — Died February 1685. Mar. March 167^, 
Margaret Lumsden. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 17 

BELL, ROBERT CEAIGIE. 26th May 1864. 

Apprentice to John Ord Mackenzie and William Robert Baillie. — Second son of 
Benjamin Bell, Surgeon in Edinburgh. Bm-n 13th September 1840. Mar. 20th 
July 1866, Isabella Moubray, daughter of Rev. Lewis Hay Irving, Free Church 
Minister, Falkirk. 

BELL, WILLIAM. 16th June 1807. 

Apprentice to Hugh Corrie. — Third son of Benjamin Bell of Hunthill, Surgeon 
in Edinburgh. Bmrn 1783. Mar. 11th September 1809, Margaret Jane, daughter 
of John Craigie of Glendoick. Died 19th June 1849. Crown Agent, 1840-1. 

BENNET, JAMES 11th December 1828. 

Apprentice to Alexander Robertson. — Son of James Bennet, Merchant in 

Buckie. Died 1859, aged 65. Mar. 25th April 1825, Margaret, only daughter 
of William M'Kimmie, Elgin. 

BENNETT, ALEXANDER. 5th March 1835. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, William Bennett, W.S. — Born 25th September 
1811. Died 17th February 1855. Mar. 9th March 1846, Isabella Nelson. 

BENNETT, WILLIAM. 18th November 1817. 

Apprentice to Thomas Scott. — Son of Andrew Bennett, Farmer at Brunstane, 
Mid-Lothian. Died 7th January 1843, aged 62. 

BERRY, WILLIAM, of Tayfield. 16th January 1798. 

Apprentice to (1) Lawrence Hill and (2) Harry Davidson. — Son of John Berry 
of Bogie and Tayfield, Fifeshire. Born 23d March 1774. Died 9th December 
1852. Mar. 23d September 1823, Isabella Henderson. 

BERTRAM, JOHN PRIMEROSE. 11th June 1829. 

Apprentice to James Nairne. — Eldest son of John Bertram, Com Merchant in 
St. Andrews. Bom 1803. Died 16th October 1849. Mar. 1st October 1833, 
Georgina, third daughter of James Turnbull. 

BEVERIDGE, JAMES. 18th December 1826. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Graham and (2) Adam M'Cheyne. — Son of William 
Beveridge, W.S. Bwn 1800. Died 16th August 1869. Mar. (1) Louisa Fuche ; 
and (2) 4th September 1855, Matilda Wynne. 

BEVERIDGE, THOMAS KNOX. 27th June 1833. 

Apprentice to John Murray. — Son of Thomas Beveridge, Writer in Edinburgh 
Born 1st August 1807. Died 11th April 1858. Mar. 22d April 1834, Ann, 
youngest daughter of Dr. Patrick Mushet, of Birkhill, Stirlingshire. 

BEVERIDGE, WILLIAM. 8th August 1785. 

Apprentice to James Thomson. — Second son of James Beveridge, Writer in 
Edinburgh. Died 5th Jufie 1807, aged 43. Mar. Barbara May. 

c 



18 THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

BICKARTOUN, HAERY. 

Commissioner 16th December 1594. Fiscal, 1598-1604. Mar. Violet Tuedy. 

BILTON, LEWIS. 16th November 1871. 

Apprentice to John M. Lindsay and Alexander Howe. — Son of Captain Lewis 
Bilton, R.N. Born 16th October 1843. Mar. 11th June 1873, Hannah Marion, 
youngest daughter of John Doriin Grayson, Shipbuilder, Liverpool. 

BINNING, ALEXANDER MONRO, of Auchenbowie. 5th March 1829. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Son of David Monro Binning of Softlaw. Born 
28th May 1805. 3far. 4th August 1835, Harriet, daughter of Dr. Alexander 
Monro of Craiglockhart, Mid-Lothian. 

BINNY, GRAHAM. 12th November 1829. 

Apprentice to James Laidlaw Mitchell. — Son of Andrew Binny of the Excise, 
Dundee. Bmii 2d August 1800. Died 12th November 1882. Mar. 31st July 
1826, Marianne, daughter of Thomas Kyd, of the Exchequer, Edinburgh. 

BINNY, JOHN. 15th March 1861. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Graham Binny, W.S. — Born 6th July 1837. Died 
13th July 1873. Mar. 26th August 1869, Euphemia Bremner, daughter of 
David Crole, Solicitor to Inland Revenue, Edinburgh. 

BIRRELL, GEORGE. 1st July 1824. 

Apprentice to (1) Henry Moncreiff, and (2) James Stuart. — Son of George 
Birrell, of Hon. East India Company's Service. Boi-n 1800. Vied 9th March 
1837. Mar. 29th December 1832, Lucy, eldest daughter of Hon. Charles Chip- 
chase, Comptroller of the Customs, island of St. Lucia. Barrister of the Inner 
Temple and Senior Member of Legislative Council of St. Lucia; Attorney- 
General of Bahamas. 

BIRS, SAMUEL. \ 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. — Son of Alexander Birs, Tailor Burgess of 
Edinburgh. Died 25th December 1616. 

BISHOP, WILLIAM CLARK. 18th January 1877. 

Apprentice to John Dundas and William Wilson. — Son of John Baillie Bishop, 
Secretary of the Royal Bank of Scotland. Bom 10th November 1849. Mar. 
14th October 1880, Mary, daughter of John Jamieson of Kingask, Fifeshire. 

BISSET, HABAKKUK. 

Reputed Author of Ane sluyrt form of Process, 1609. — Clerk to Sir John Skene, 
Lord Clerk Register. Suspended for having no gown 9th March 1610. Was 
one of the greatest oddities of his time. 

BISSET, ROBERT. 

Mentioned 1609. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 19 

BLACK, ALEXANDER DAVID MARTIN. 29th November 1866. 

Apprentice to (1) David M. Black, and (2) Colin Mackenzie. — Son of the Rev. 
Patrick Black, residing at Worcester, Cape Colony. Born 24th September 1843. 
Mar. (!) 6th December 1866, Catherine Gibson Ramsay, only daughter of James 
Hackings, Inveresk; and (2) 10th September 1872, his cousin, Mary Helen, only 
daughter of Alexander Schulze, M.D., Victoria. 

BLACK, ALEXANDER WILLIAM. 19th October 1885. 

Apprentice to John William Young and John Blair. — Son of the Rev. James 
Black, Minister of the Free Church of Dunnikier. Bwn 28th February 1859. 
Mar. 17th October 1888, Ellinor, youngest daughter of Admiral Thomas Wilson, 
C.B., Edinburgh. 

BLACK, DAVID MARTIN. 20th December 1821. 

Apprentice to Alexander L. Ramage, John Blair, and William Bell. — Second son 
of the Rev. Alexander Black, Minister of the Associate Burgher Congregation at 
Musselburgh. Dkd 5th April 1865, aged 68, unmarried. 

BLACKBURN, RICHARD FREDERICK. 29th October 1880. 

Apprentice to C. Mackenzie, A. D. M. Black, and J. M. Mackenzie. — Son of 
Robert Bogle Blackburn, Advocate, Sheriff of Stirling and Dumbarton. £or7i 17th 
July 1854. Died 18th September 1884, unmarried. 

BLACKIE, DAVID. 30th November 1819. 

Apprentice to James Little. — Second son of Robert Blackie, Merchant in Kirk- 
cudbright. Born 1795. Died 2d September 1832. Mar. 2d August 1825, 
Margaret, only daughter of David Briggs of Strathairly, Fifeshire. Editor Edin- 
burgh Evening Post. 

BLACKWOOD, JAMES. 21st December 1837. 

Apprentice to Donald Home. — Son of William Blackwood, Publisher in Edin- 
burgh. Boi-n 6th July 1814. Died 17th October 1871, unmarried. 

BLAIR, ALEXANDER. 14th July 1628. 

Apprentice to Robert Wynram. 

BLAIR, ALEXANDER, of Dunrod. 22d November 1790. 

Apprentice to John Hunter. — Only sou of Hugh Blair of Dunrod, Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Bm-n 8th September 1766. Died 24th June 1844. Mar. 24th July 1800, 
Agnes, second daughter of Sir David Maxwell of Cardoness, Bart. 

BLAIR, ALEXANDER STEVENSON. 28th October 1889. 

Apprentice to J. P. Wright and R. B. Blyth. — Eldest son of Patrick Blair, 
Advocate, Sheriff-Substitute of Inverness-shire. B&rn 3d June 1865. 

BLAIR, GAVIN, of Braxfield. 

Brother of Rev. James Blair, Minister of Port Montgomerie. Died 1632. M.P. 
Lanark, 1617-1621. Purchased lands of Braxfield 1613. 



so THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

BLAIR, GAVINE. 9th June 1629. ^ 

Apprentice to Sir William Scott of Elie and Arthur Hamilton. 

BLAIR, HUGH, of Auchenreoch. 22d November 1827. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Alexander Blair, W.S. — Born 2l8t March 1806. Died 
5th January 1878. Mar. 8th November 1833, Ann Gordon, daughter of Patrick 
Sanderson, of Sir William Forbes and Company, Bankers, Edinburgh. 

BLAIR, JOHN. 21st December 1809. 

Apprentice to Robert Boswell. — Eldest son of John Blair of Gavshake, Merchant 
in Glasgow. Born 1779. Died 21st April 1858. Mar. 24th December 1813, his 
cousin, Margaret, third daughter of Horatius Cannan, W.S. 

BLAIR, JOHN. 17th October 1878. 

Apprentice to John William Young. — Second son of William Blair, Dairy, Ayr- 
shire.— .B(?r» 22d December 1839. Mar. 22d June 1869, Ann MiUer, youngest 
daughter of James Mather, Mariouville, Trinity. 

BLAIR, PATRICK. . 9th February 1860. 

Apprentice to James Shepherd, T. M. Grant, and William Cuthbertson.— Second 
son of Hugh Blair, W.S. Born 4th October 1836. Mar. 3d December 1873, 
Hon. Eleonora Jane Ross, daughter of James, Lord Moncreiff of Tulliebole. 

BLAIR, WILLIAM. 9th August 1782. 

Apprentice to Isaac Grant. — Second son of William Blair of Thomhill. Died 12th 
May 1800. Mar. Ann Blair. 

BLANE, ANDREW, of Blanefield. 24th November 1774. 

Apprentice to Allan Clarke. — Eldest son of Gilbert Blane of Blanefield. Born 
1744. Died 9th October 1839, unmarried. Sheriff-Clerk of Ayrshire, 1815-21. 

BLYTH, ROBERT BRITTAIN. 19th April 1876. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton, G. T. Kinnear, and Robert Beatson. — Second 
son of Benjamin Hall Blyth, Civil Engineer in Edinburgh. Born 13th December 
1850. Died 8th September 1886, unmarried. 

BOGLE, ANDREW. 26th May 1842. 

Apprentice to Harry Davidson. — Son of Andrew Bogle, Cashier of the Royal 
Bank of Scotland. Barn 23d March 1811. Dial 4th October 1871. Mar. 7th 
April 1863, Margaret Robertson, daughter of John M'Kean, W.S. 

BOGLE, JOHN, of Bogleshole. 22d September 1713. 

Died September 1743. Clerk, 21st January 1712. Mar. Isobel Henderson. 

BOGUE, JOHN, OF Hallydown. 21st June 1787. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cockburn. — Son of John Bogue of Hallydown, Berwick- 
shire. Bffrn 1740. Died 7th September 1818. Mar. August 1767, Margai-et, 
daughter of Henry Anderson, farmer, Broughton, Edinburgh. 



LIST OF MEMBERS r- 21 

BONAR, HORATIUS. 22d January 1874. 

Apprentice to Thomas Thomson and David Scott Dickson. — Third son of Rev. 
John James Bonar, D.D., Minister of St. Andrew's Free Church, Greenock. Bwn 
31st July 1843. Mar. 25th July 1883, Mary, younger daughter of Thomas 
Thomson, W.S. 

BONAR, JAMES. 22d November 1827. 

Apprentice to Charles Tawse. — Eldest son of James Bonai', Solicitor of Excise, 
Edinburgh. Bom 1801. Died 11th July 1867. Mar. 7th December 1859, 
Caroline, daughter of Alexander Glennie, of Maybank, Aberdeenshire. 

BOOTH, JOSEPH. 9th December 1830. 

Apprentice to James Shepherd. — Son of George Booth, residing at Springbank, 
near Aberdeen. Died August 1871, aged 68, unmarried. 

BORTHWICK, JAMES. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. Died circa 1606. 

BORTHWICK, LOUIS. 28th February 1828. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Third son of John Borthwick of Crookston, 
Mid-Lothian. Born 1801. Died 22d September 1876. Mar. 19th July 1844, 
Susan, third daughter of John Westgarth, Surveyor of Customs. 

BOSWELL, ALEXANDER. 8th December 1808. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, Robert Boswell, W.S. — Born 1781. Died 30th 
August 1850. Mar. 30th August 1803, Mary, daughter of John Sandeman, 
Perth. Sheriff-Substitute of Berwicksliire, 1836-50. 

BOSWELL, ROBERT, of St. Boswells. 25th February 1773. 

Apprentice to Thomas Tod. — Second son of Dr. John Boswell, Pliysician in 
Edinburgh. Bm-ii 30th January 1746. Dial 1st April 1804. Mar. June 1769, 
Sibella, daughter of William Sandeman, Merchant, Pertli. Lyon Depute and 
Clerk, 2d November 1770. 

BOW, HENRY HARDIE. 17th November 1825. 

Apprentice to Alexander Douglas. — Second son of Robert Bow, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Died 24th November 1826. 

BOW, JOHN MACKENZIE. 11th April 1887. 

Apprentice to Patrick William Campbell. — Eldest son of Dr. John Campbell 
Bow, Deputy Surgeon-General in the Bengal Army. Born 7th May 1863. 

BOWIE, JOHN, OF Camsiscan. 7th July 1815. 

Apprentice to Donald Maclean. — Son of William Bowie of Camsiscan, Ayr. 
Disd 28th January 1862, aged 70. Mar. 15th March 1813, Maxwell Margaret, 
daughter of Captain Duncan Macdougall of Ardentrive, Argyllshire. Solicitor 
to Inland Revenue. 



fat THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

BOYD, ALEXANDER. 4th March 1826, 

Apprentice to Francis Wilson. — Son of William Boyd, W.S. Born 1802. Lied 
28th November 1840. Mar. 23d September 1828, Lucy Frances, only daughter 
of Major John Duddingston, 28th Regiment. 

BOYD, GEORGE WILLIAM. 12th December 1816. 

Apprentice to Henry Jardine. — Son of William Boyd of Marchhill, Dumfriesshire. 
Bom 1794. Died November 1882. Mar. 14th May 1850, Mary Ann Bennet. 

BOYD, MURDOCH. 16th January 1888. 

Apprentice to John Hope Finlay. — Son of John Boyd, Publisher, Edinburgh. 
Bm-n 20th March 1865. 

BOYD, ROBERT, Younger of Drum. 19th November 1801. 

Apprentice to David Balfour. — Son of Robert Boyd of Drum. Died 10th 
December 1815. 

BOYD, WILLIAM, of Hillhousefield. 4th December 1794. 

Apprentice to James Thomson. — Son of Archibald Boyd, of the Hon. East India 
Company's Service. Died 21st June 1846, aged 74. Mar. 14th March 1798, 
daughter of Alexander Brown, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

BOYD, WILLIAM. 15th July 1886. 

Apprentice to Robert Bruce Johnston. — Son of John Boyd of Maxpoffle, Roxburgh- 
shire, Lord Provost of the City of Edinburgh, and Isabella, daughter of John 
Lawson of Caimmuir, Peeblesshire, W.S. Bm-n 25th November 1861. Mar. 
16th July 1890, Laura, younger daughter of John Crerar, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 

BOYD, WILLIAM MITCHELL. 8th July 1828. 

Apprentice to Alexander Monypenny. — Son of John Boyd of Broadmeadows, 
Selkirkshire. Born 29th August 1804. Mar. 4th August 1841, Anne, daughter 
of Dr. James Hamilton, Professor of Midwifery, University of Edinburgh. 

BOYES, THOMAS. 15th September 1704. 

Apprentice to David Balcanquall.— Fiscal, 1710-17. Died about 1718. Mar. 
19th April 1708, Grizel, daughter of James Hay of Carriber, Linlithgowshire. 

BRAND, WILLIAM. 10th July 1834. 

Apprentice to Scott, Finlay, and Balderston.— Son of Charles Brand, Farmer in 
the parish of Peterhead. Born 5th January 1807. Died 18th October 1869. 
Mar. 19th July 1848, Eleanor Bruce, youngest daughter of Captain Bruce 
Mitchell, H.E.I.C.S. Secretary of Union Bank of Scotland. 

BREMNER, CHARLES. 8th July 1790. 

Apprentice to William Balderston. — Son of James Bremner, S.S.C, Edinburgh. 
Born 4th June 1768. Died 1st August 1857. Mar. 1834, Isabella, daughter of 
Thomas Pender, Comptroller of Stamps and Taxes. ' ' 



LIST OF MEMBERS 23 

BREMNER, HUGH. 7th June 1825. 

Apprentice to Charles Bremner. — Son of Hugh Bremner, Accountant in Edin- 
burgh. Boi-n 1802. Died 2Uh August l8Qd. ifar. 11th June 1833, Catherine, 
daughter of Robert Menzies of Trinity. 

BRIDGES, DAVID JAMES. 6th March 1845. 

Apprentice to, and son of, James Bridges, W.S.—Born 26th August 1821. JJied 
February 1852, unmarried. 

BRIDGES, JAMES. 22d June 1810. 

Apprentice to James Hay. — Fourth son of David Bridges, Merchant in Edin- 
burgh. Died 6th May 1865, aged 80. Mar. (1) 18th August 1817, Jane, 
youngest daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Macdonald, Royal Marines; and (2) 
18th September 1838, Mrs. Jane Mary M'Kerras Gracie, of Williamscraig. 
Author of Fiew of the Political State of Scotland at Michaelmas 1811. 

BRINGLOE, FRANCIS JOHN. 29th June 1837. 

Apprentice to John Bowie. — Son of Hugh Say Bringloe, Clerk of the Jury 
Court. Born 15th April 1814. Died 25th December 1858. Mar. 18th August 
1842, Margaret, daughter of Adam Thomson, Accountant in Edinburgh. 

BRISBANE, JAMES. 20th July 1696. 

Apprentice to Robert Watson. — Second son of James Brisbane of Brisbane. 
Mar. (1) 1691, Anna, second daughter of John Cranston of Glen, Peeblesshire ; 
and (2) December 1720, Ann, daughter of John Mitchell of Alderston. 

BRODIE, FRANCIS. 7th July 1803. 

Apprentice to James Walker.— Second son of John Brodie, tenant in Linplum. 
. Bm-n 1764. Died 23d October 1839. Mar. (1) 4th September 1795, EHzabeth, 
daughter of Ellis Martin, Merchant in Leith; and (2) 31st December 1808, 
Margaret, second daughter of Gilbert Ker of Gateshaw, Roxburghshire. 

BRODIE, GEORGE JAMES. 28th October 1881. 

Apprentice to John Clerk Brodie, his uncle. — Second son of Lieut.-Colonel Thomas 
Brodie, residing in Edinburgh. Bm-n 20th February 1859. Mar. 4th June 1890, 
Theresa Sophia Charlotte, elder daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Wayne of Tick- 
wood Hall, Shropshire. 

BRODIE, JAMES GIBSON CRAIG. 31st October 1879. 

Apprentice to, and youngest son of, John Clerk Brodie, W.S. — Born 18th March 
1855. Died 19th September 1884. Mar. 26th June 1878, Ellen Anne, daughter 
of Edmund J. W. Wood, of Henley Hall, Ludlow, Salop. 

BRODIE, JOHN. 4th July 1823. 

Apprentice to James Jollie. — Eldest son of Francis Brodie, W.S. Born 1797. 
Died nth August 1865. Mar. 3d March 1828, Margaret Amelia, eldest daughter 
of Major-General Thomas William Kerr. 



S4 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

BRODIE, JOHN BUCHAN. 16th November 1812. 

Apprentice to Thomas Gordon.— Son of William Brodie, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Died 4th January 1866, aged 78. Mar. Elizabeth Tucker Shaw. 

BRODIE, JOHN CLERK, of Idvies, C.B., LL.D. 17th November 1836. 

Apprentice to James Thomson Gibson Craig. — Fourth son of Thomas Brodie, 
W.S. Born 20th May 1811. Died 27th May 1888. Mar. (1) 20th March 1832, 
Bathia Garden, eldest daughter of Stewart Souter of Melrose, Banffshire ; and 
(2) 16th November 1848, Penelope Marianne, third daughter of the Rev. John 
Sneyd, of Ashcombe, Staffordshire. Crown Agent, February 1847 to March 
1852, and January 1853 to March 1858 ; Keeper of the Register of Sasines, 
3d February 1858; Treasurer, 1870; Deputy Keeper of the Signet, 1882-87. 

BRODIE, JOHN SNEYD. 26th December 1873. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Clerk Brodie, W.S. — Barn 23d October 1850. 
Died 1st June 1875, unmarried. 

BRODIE, LUDOVICK, of Whytfield. 11th July 1706. 

Apprentice to John Campbell.— Son of Francis Brodie of Milnton, Elginshire. 
Born about 1681. Died 16th June 1758. Mar. Helen Grant. 

BRODIE, THOMAS. 18th June 1739. 

Apprentice to John Macfarlane. — Second surviving son of Alexander Brodie of 
Lethen, Nairnshire. Died 19th August 1770. Mar. March 1755, Phoebe, daughter 
of Thomas Forbes of Thornton, Kincardineshire, and widow of John Scott of 
Hedderwick, Forfarshire. Lyon Depute, 7th September 1754. 

BRODIE, THOMAS DAWSON, of Idvies. 12th November 1857. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, John Clerk Brodie, W.S. — Born 26th December 
1832. Mar. (1) 11th September 1861, Charlotte Frederika, third daughter of 
Thomas John Furnell of Heathmount, county Limerick; and (2) 18th April 
1876, Anne, eldest daughter of William Dawson of Gairdoch, Stirlingshire. 
Deputy Keeper of the Privy Seal, 1869-74. 

BRODIE, THOMAS. 21st June 1787. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Second son of Thomas Brodie, W.S. Born 
10th August 1760. Died 14th September 1825. Mar. Ann Taap. Resigned his 
Commission 18th February 1792. 

BROOKMAN, JAMES. 29th October 1888. 

Apprentice to Alexander Howe and William Macgillivray.- Son of Benjamin 
Brookman, Edinburgh. Born 7th June 1842. Mar. 19th December 1873, Annie, 
second daughter of James Buchanan, Farmer, Ballafuil, Balquhidder. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 25 

BROUGHTON, CHARLES. 1st March 1799. 

Apprentice to Joseph Cauvin. — Third son of Edward Broughton, of the Excise. 
Died 10th November 1823. Mar. 5th June 1799, Helen, daughter of John Peat, 
Writer in Edinburgh. 

BROUN, ALEXANDER CARRUTHERS M'BRYDE. 4th August 1880. 

Apprentice to (1) Hector Monro, and (2) W. C. MacEwen. — Son of the Rev. Hugh 
M'Bryde Broun, Free Church Minister, Lochmaben. Bmii 5th June 1856. Mar. 
6th September 1889, Jessie, daughter of Robert Wanless, Edinburgh. 

BROWN, ARCHIBALD GEORGE. 13th January 1890. 

Apprentice to Thomas D. Brodie. — Bm-n 1 1th March 1850. Mar. 31st December 
1874, Helen, only daughter of W. P. Faichney, Kinross. 

BROWN, CHARLES. 26th February 1753. 

Apprentice to Robert Hepburn. — Son of Charles Brown of Coalstoun, East-Lothian. 
Died 25th April 1781. 

BROWN, DAVID. 11th July 1817. 

Apprentice to Adam RoUand. — Son of James Brown, Bookseller in Edinburgh, 
Died 29th January 1836. 

BROWN, DAVID. 1st July 1825. 

Apprentice to Alexander Douglas. — Eldest son of the Rev. David Brown, Minister 
of Crailing. Born 1799; not known precisely when he died. Mar. 8th April 
1835, Mary Ann, youngest daughter of James Taylor, of Lloyd's, London. 

BROWN, DAVID, Younger of Park. 12th November 1847. 

Apprentice to John Scott and William C. Balderston. — Eldest son of Major David 
Brown of Park. Born 8th September 1822. Died 18th November 1861. Mar. 
4th November 1856, Catherine, daughter of Alexander Robertson, Edinburgh. 

BROWN, HUGH. 15th July 1885. 

Apprentice to Thomas Elliot Ogilvie Home. — Eldest son of Hugh Brown of 
Broadstone, Ayrshire. Born 22d April 1861. 

BROWN, JAMES. 7th July 1824. 

Apprentice to David Cleghom. — Son of Thomas Brown, Builder at Uphall. Born 
1800. Died 10th August 1845, unmarried. 

BROWN, JOHN, OF Prathouse. 24th February 1809. 

Apprentice to Thomas Scotland. — Son of John Brown of Prathouse. Died 1st 
January 1819. 

BROWN, JOHN. 1st December 1825. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie.— Eldest son of John Brown of Culter Mains, 
Lanarkshire. Died 29th February 1872, aged 75, unmarried. Author of a 
Summary of the Turnpike Act. 



f» THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

BROWN, JOHN OSBURN. 2d December 1794. 

Apprentice to James Thomson. —Son of Alexander Brown, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Born 1771. Died 30th January 1838. Mar. (1) 14th July 1797, Agnes Campbell, 
Lochdochart; and (2) 30th April 1812, Elizabeth Rae, eldest daughter of John 
■ Campbell, Receiver-General of Customs. Second Clerk to Jury Court, 1815-30. 

BROWN, ROBERT, of Kirklands. 5th July 1782. 

Apprentice to Thomas Tod. — Eldest son of the Rev. James Brown, one of the 
Ministers of Edinburgh. Bm-n 23d August 1758. Died 6th November 1812. 
Mar. 22d December 1782, Isabella, eldest daughter of Alexander Adam, Architect, 
Edinburgh. 

BROWN, ROBERT. 16th June 1818. 

Apprentice to William Molle. — Eldest son of Robert Brown, W.S. Bom 1790. 
Died 15th May 1833, unmarried. 

BROWN, ROBERT, of Whitsome Newton. 16th July 1846. 

Apprentice to John Scott and William C. Balderston. — Son of Robert Brown of 
Gilston. Bam 26th October 1819. Died 28th December 1855. Mar. 3d July 
1845, Sarah Ann, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, Mauchline. 

BROWN", ROBERT JOHNSTON. 14th November 1839. 

Apprentice to Smith and Kinnear. — Son of William Henry Brown of Ratho Bank. 
Bom 5th July 1816. Died 28th April 1876. Mar. 8th December 1855, Augusta 
Marcia, daughter of Rev. Thomas Charles Brown, London. Cornet, 14th King's 
Light Dragoons, 1842; Lieutenant, 1845; Captain, 1853 ; Major, 1864. 

BROWN, WALTER, of Colton. 6th July 1826. 

Apprentice to John Russell. — Only son of Captain John Brown, of the ship 
Wellington, of Leith. Born 1802. Died 4th July 1869. Mar. 23d March 1840, 
Jane, second daughter of James Spowart of Springbank. 

BRUCE, EDWARD. 25th November 1780. 

Apprentice to William Aytoun. — Eldest son of Captain James Bruce, of the 26th 
Regiment. Died 27th February 1804. 

BRUCE, GEORGE. 17th April 1862. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie and William R. Baillie. — Eldest son of Thomas 
Bruce of Langlee, W.S. Bc/rn 3d February 1829. 

BRUCE, JAMES. 25th June 1863. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton. — Son of James Bruce of the Inland Revenue, 
residing in Edinburgh. Bom 8th September 1838. Mar. 29th August 1871, 
Catherine, eldest daughter of John Russel, Dean of Guild, Edinburgh. 



LIST OF MEMBERS »?«'*■ 27 

BRUCE, JOHN. 29th June 1843. ~ 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson and James Steuart. — Son of James Bruce of Pow- 
foulis, Stirlingshire. Barn 19th November 1815. Mar. 4th June 1857, Jessie, 
third daughter of Robert Taylor of Broomland, Kirkcudbrightshire. 

BRUCE, THOMAS, of Langlee. 15th June 1810. 

Apprentice to Archibald Tod. — Eldest son of George Bruce of Langlee, Depute 
Clerk of Session. Born 3d January 1785. Died 25th May 1850. Mar. 6th March 
1828, Margaret, daughter of Charles Steuart, W.S. Depute Clerk of Session, 14th 
January 1824 till death. 

BRUCE, THOMAS. 9th July 1819. 

Apprentice to (1) John Dundas, (2) H. J. Rollo. — Son of James Bruce, Secretary 
to the Board of Excise. Born 1794. Died 2d December 1837. Mar. 13th 
January 1831, Matilda, daughter of Thomas Gloag of Chapelton. 

BRUNTON, JAMES. 27th November 1862. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie, J. B. Innes, and John Logan. — Son of William 
Brunton, Merchant in Edinburgh. Born 31st December 1838. Alar. 26th 
November 1868, Ellen Marion, daughter of Montagu Gosset, London. 

BRYCE, GEORGE FERGUSON. 21st July 1879. 

Apprentice to John Cook. — Son of Archibald Hamilton Bryce, D.C.L., Edinburgh. 
Born 2d June 1855. 

BUCHAN, JAMES. 16th November 1781. 

Apprentice to William Wilson, Senr. — Son of David Buchan, Bailie in Perth. 
Died 28th May 1814. 

BUCHAN, JOHN. 10th July 1770. 

Apprentice to (1) George TumbuU ; and (2) Charles Brown. — Third son of John 
Buchan of Letham. Born 6th October 1742. Died 17th August 1822. 

BUCHAN, JOHN. 19th November 1782. 

Apprentice to Andrew Stuart, Junr. — Third son of Thomas Buchan of Auchma- 
coy, Aberdeenshire. Died in Jamaica 1793. 

BUCHAN, WILLIAM. 19th November 1782. 

Apprentice to John Buchan. — Eldest son of Hugh Buchan, Chamberlain of the 
City of Edinburgh. Died 26th April 1790. 

BUCHANAN, CHARLES SN0D6RASS, of Cunninghamhead. 29th June 1838. 

Apprentice to Cunningham and Bell. — Eldest son of David Snodgrass Buchanan 
of Cunninghamhead. Born 4th April 1813. Died 22d September 1849, un- 
married. 



m THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET 

BUCHANAN, HECTOR MACDONALD, of Drumnakiln. 8th March 1791. 

Apprentice to William Macdonald. — Third son of Coll Macdonald of Boisdale, 
Inverness-shire. Died 14th September 1828. Mar. 13th July 1793, Jean, 
daughter of Robert Buchanan of Drumnakiln and Ross Priory, whose name he 
assumed. Principal Clerk of Session, 17th May 1805 till death. 

BUCHANAN, JOHN. 

Signs Minute of 16th December 1594. Died 23d October 1611. 

BUCHANAN, JOHN. 13th December 1723. 

Apprentice to Robert Campbell of Balvie. — Mar. December 1723, Mary, daughter 
of Ronald Campbell of Balerno, W.S. Solicitor to Board of Customs. 

BUCHANAN, MUNGO, of Auchentorlie. 4th November 1695. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham. — Third son of Mungo Buchanan of Tillichewan, 
Dumbartonshire. Died 3d April 1710. Mar. 22d January 1687, Anna Barclay. 

BUCHANAN, WILLIAM, of Ardoch. 23d November 1802. 

Apprentice to (1) George Johnston ; and (2) Frederick Fotheringham. — Son of 
Thomas Buchanan of Ardoch, Hatter in Glasgow. Born 1777. Died 1864. 
Mar. 14th September 1803, Hon. Elizabeth Murray, daughter of Alexander, 
seventh Lord Elibank. Art Critic, and Author of Memmrs of Fainting. 

BUDGE, JAMES. 7th June 1722. 

Third son of Donald Budge of Toftingall, Caithness. Died before 1750. 

BUDGE, WILLIAM, of Toftingall. 21st August 1745. 

Apprentice to James Budge.— Son of David Budge, tutor of Toftingall. Died 
28th September 1765. Mar. Katherine, third daughter of Alexander Sinclair of 
Olrig, Caithness. 

BUIK, PATRICK REID. 26th October 1888. 

Apprentice to T. E. 0. Home, Thomas Home, and David Lyell.— Son of Major 
John Henry Buik, Pulteneytown. Born 21st September 1863. 

BURD, MELVILLE. 28th Febraary 1811. 

Apprentice to John Campbell terliiis. — Son of Melville Burd, Fanner in Dalkeith. 
Died 5th September 1829, aged 45. 

BURN, GEORGE. 17th March 1864. 

Apprentice to Donald Home. — Son of James Burn, W.S. Born 16th August 
1828. Died 19th September 1878, unmarried. 

BURN, HENRY JOHN. 4th July 1823. 

Apprentice to (1) John B. Brodie and (2) Michael Linning. — Son of Robert 
Burn, Architect in Edinburgh. Born 7th April 1798. DM 10th January 1867. 
Ma/r. 10th June 1845, Charlotte Barbara, youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Kirk- 
patrick of Closeburn, Bai't. 



LIST OF MEMBEES. 29 

BURN, JAMES. 23d June 1817. 

Apprentice to Robert Hill. — Son of George Burn, Factor to Henry Glassford 
at Netherwood. Died 24th November 1863, aged 70. Mar. 6th August 1827, 
Margaret, daughter of James Heugh of Gartcows. 

BURN, ROBERT. 29th May 1818. 

Apprentice to James Forman. — Only son of David Burn, one of the Teachers of 
the Grammar School, Stirling. Died 16th January 1861, aged 71. 

BURNESS, JAMES. 11th July 1867. 

Apprentice to Thomas G. Mackay and Alexander Howe. — Son of Robert Burness, 
"Writer in Montrose. Born 2d November 1840. Mar. 26th April 1872, Henrietta, 
daughter of William Ronaldson, Edinburgh. 

BURNET, GAVIN. 12th August 1633. 

Apprentice to Andrew Hay. — Youngest son of William Burnet of Barns, 
Peeblesshire. Died October 1660. Mar. Helen Ramsay. 

BURNET, ROBERT. 21st December 1671. 

Apprentice to John Trotter. — Eldest son of Gavin Burnet, W.S. Died before 
1721. ifar. Elizabeth Cockbum. Commissary of Peebles. 

BURNETT, ANDREW, of Kirkhill. 21st December 1730. 

Youngest son of Thomas Burnett of Kirkhill, Advocate, Regent of Marischal 
College, Aberdeen.— £om 1709. Died 20th August 1776. Mar. April 1767, 
Ann Burnett of Burnetfield. 

BURNETT, ALEXANDER EDWIN. 24th March 1873. 

Apprentice to Archibald Watson Goldie. — Third son of Sir James Horn Burnett 
of Leys, Bart., W.S. Born 17th December 1842. 

BURNETT, SIR JAMES HORN, of Leys, Bart. 9th July 1824. 

Apprentice to John Morison. — Fifth son of Sir Robert Burnett of Leys, Bart. 
Born 21st June 1801. Died 16th September 1876. Mar. (1) 3d February 1831, 
Caroline Margaret, daughter of Charles Spearman of Thornley Hall, Durham; 
and (2) 12th July 1837, his cousin Lauderdale, daughter of Sir Alexander Ramsay 
of Balmain, Bart., and widow of David Duncan of Rosemount, Forfarshire. 

BURNETT, ROBERT. 7th June 1821. 

Apprentice to (1) James Gibson; and (2) William Gardner.— Son of William 
Burnett, Factor at Crathes to Sir Robert Burnett of Leys. Died 9th August 
1828. 

BURNS, ALEXANDER. 9th March 1813. 

Apprentice to Archibald Terrier. — Seventh surviving son of John Bums, Surveyor 
of Customs at Bo'ness. Died 14th October 1832, aged 45, unmarried. 



'80 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

BURNS, THOMAS, of Longcroft. 22d February 1793. 

Apprentice to Walter Scott. — Youngest son of James Bums of Glenfour. Died 
December 1858, aged 88. Mar. Anne Reoch. 

BURNS, THOMAS CHARLES. 22d June 1837. 

Apprentice to John Archibald Campbell. — Only son of Thomas Burns, W.S. 
Boi-n 7th January 1814. Died 1848. Mar. 20th April 1837, Jane, only daughter 
of John Livingston Campbell of Achalader, Argyllshire. 

BURNSIDE, JAMES. 22d November 1821. 

Apprentice to William Drysdale. — Son of John Bumside, Merchant in Glasgow. 
Died 12th August 1854, aged 60, unmarried. 

BUTTER, JAMES. 23d June 1817. 

Apprentice to William Drysdale. — Son of Thomas Butter of Craigbea. Died 
29th August 1824. 

CADDELL, WILLIAM, of Fossochie. 22d September 1713. 

Died 3d November 1724. Clerk, 21st January 1711. 

CADELL, LEWIS IRVING. 16th July 1889. 

Apprentice to J. 0. Mackenzie, Harry Cheyne, and John Kermack.— Son of 
Henry Cadell of Grange and Banton. Born 8th December 1865. 

CADELL, WILLIAM, of Banton. 6th June 1833. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young.— Eldest son of James John Cadell of Grange, 
Linlithgowshire. B(yrn 8th October 1810. Died 4th May 1862. Mar. 16th 
August 1847, Mary Robinson, daughter of John Rodford, Edinburgh. 

CAIRNS, HENRY. 6th July 1854. 

Apprentice to Walter JoUie. — Son of Geoi'ge Cairns, Solicitor at Law. Bm-n 
21st June 1831. Mar. 23d September 1879, Jane Stewart, daughter of Alexander 
Morton, Banker, Edinburgh. 

CAIRNS, JOHN BOYD. 14th July 1853. 

Apprentice to Donald Home. — Eldest son of John Caims, Writer in Edinburgh. 
B<yrn 12th August 1827. 

CALVERT, JOHN RUTHERFORD. 4th June 1829. 

Apprentice to Thomas Mackenzie. — Son of James Calvert, Teacher in the Academy 
of Montrose. Died 12th December 1854, aged 50, unmarried. 

CAMERON, ALEXANDER. 8th March 1838. 

Apprentice to David Brown. — Son of Allan Cameron, Engraver in Edinburgh. 
B(yrn 26th March 1803. Died at Melbourne 31st March 1841. Mar. Aune 
Watson. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 31 

CAMERON, Sir DUNCAN, of Fassiefkrn, Bart. 12th August 1799. 

Apprentice to James Fraser. — Second son of Sir Ewen Cameron of Fassieferu, 
Argyllshire, Bart. Born 1770. Died 15th January 1863, unmarried. Succeeded 
his father as second Baronet, October 1828. 

CAMERON, RALPH COMPTON. 13th July 1887. 

Apprentice to David Wardlaw. — Son of Alexander Cameron of Mainhouse, Elgin- 
shire. Bom 2d September 1861. 

CAMPBELL, ALEXANDER. 8th July 1796. 

Apprentice to James Ferrier. — Second son of Sir Hay Campbell of Succoth, Bart., 
Lord President of the Court of Session. Died 26th October 1 799, unmarried. 

CAMPBELL, ARCHIBALD. 22d July 1720. 

Apprentice to Ronald Campbell. — Eldest son of John Campbell, W.S. Died 
December 1727. Mar. (1) April 1710, Jean, daughter of George Alexander of 
Peppermiln, Advocate ; and (2) Helen, daughter of John Ayton of Kinaldie. 

CAMPBELL, ARCHIBALD, of Succoth. 5th February 1728. 

Apprentice to Hew Crawford. — Second son of William Campbell of Succoth, . 
Dumbartonshire. Died 28th. July 1790. Mar. February 1732, Helen, daughter of 
John Wallace of Elderslie. Commissary of Glasgow. Deputy Keeper of the 
Great Seal. Principal Clerk of Session, 2d March 1770 to 4th March 1785. 

CAMPBELL, ARCHIBALD. 19th June 1812. 

Apprentice to John Campbell, Junr. — Son of William Campbell of Duneaves, 
Perthshke. Died 28th January 1823. 

CAMPBELL, ARCHIBALD BROWN. 13th January 1890. 

Apprentice to James Mylne.— Son of John Campbell, S.S.C. Born 23d September 
1865. 

CAMPBELL, ARTHUR, of Catrine. 23d November 1813. 

Apprentice to John Hunter. — Fourth son of Arthur Campbell of Auchmannoch, 
Ayrshire. Born 15th July 1788. Died 3d March 1875. Mar. 31,st August 1825, 
Jane, daughter of Thomas Barstow, of Kelso. , . . , 

CAMPBELL, ARTHUR, of Catrine. 14th November 1850. 

Apprentice to (1) W. 0. Balderston, J. Scott, and W. Brand ; and (2) John Scott. 
—Son of Arthur Campbell of Catrine, W.S. Bom 27th December 1827. Died 
8th July 1884. Mar. 26th December 1851, Cecilia, third daughter of George 
Cleghorn of Weens, Roxburghshire, W.S. 

CAMPBELL, COLIN, of Caewhin. 9th February 1686. 

Apprentice to George Dallas. — Third son of Colin Campbell of Mochaster, Perth- 
shire. Bom 18th December 1652. Died 31st January 1715, unmarried. 



9lt THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

CAMPBELL, DAVID, of Belmont. 1st December 1755. 

Apprentice to Alexander Eobertson. — Second son of John Campbell of Barcaldine, 
Argyllshire. 3Iar. March 1756, Jean, daughter of Archibald Campbell, Edinburgh. 
Resigned his Commission 14th March 1775. 

CAMPBELL, DAVID. 8th June 1826. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Third son of Archibald Campbell of Askomell, 
Argyllshire. Died 24th December 1848, aged 58. Mar. 16th December 1819, 
Agnes, youngest daughter of Alexander Pollock of Whitehill. Captain in 94th 
Regiment previous to admission. 

CAMPBELL, GEORGE, of Condorrat. 18th January 1886. 

Apprentice to (1) A. F. Adam and W. C. MacEwen; (2) Arthur Campbell; and 
(3) A. H. Cooper. — Second son of Arthur Campbell of Catrine, W.S. Born 18th 
December 1862. 

CAMPBELL, GEORGE MUIR. 16th January 1798. 

Apprentice to (1) William Campbell and (2) Hugh Corrie.— Third son of William 
Campbell of Crawfordton, W.S. Born 1773. Died 20th January 1836. Mar. 
Agnes, daughter of Fergusson, Writer in Wigtown. 

CAMPBELL, JAMES, of Gaenock. 3rd March 1629. 

Apprentice to William Cunningham. — Son of Hugh Campbell of HuUerhurst, 
Ayrshire. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

CAMPBELL, JAMES. 14th June 1791. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Second son of Farquhar Campbell of Laggan- 
lochan, Writer in Islay. Died 6th December 1805. Mar. Jean, daughter of John 
Moubray, Wright and Builder in Edinburgh. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN, of Succoth. 4th June 1674. 

Apprentice to Richard Guthrie. — Son of William Campbell of Succoth, Dumbar- 
tonshire. Mar. (1) Janet Hamilton ; and (2) Agnes, youngest daughter of 
William Stirling of Law, Dumbartonshire. Died about 1694. M.P. for Argyll- 
shire, 1681-82. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN. 14th December 1691. 

Apprentice to George Dallas. — Son of Captain John Campbell, younger son of 
Sir John Campbell of Calder. Died April 1699. Mar. Elizabeth Campbell. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN, of The Citadel. 19th July 1779. 

Apprentice to David Erskine. — Eldest son of John Campbell, first Cashier of the 
Royal Bank. Bwn 20th December 1753. Died at Geneva 11th August 1829. 
Mar. (1) 18th November 1779, Helen, daughter of John Callander of Craigforth ; 
(2) 8th January 1787, Margaret, daughter of John Campbell of Clathick; and (3) 
6th August 1801, Sophia, daughter of Duncan Stewart of Ardshiel, Argyllshire. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 38 

CAMPBELL, JOHN. 24th November 1785. 

Apprentice to Colquhoun Grant. — Eldest son of John Campbell, Collector of 
Excise for the district of Inverness. Died 14th February 1821. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN, ov Annfield. 24th January 1792. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Son of John Campbell of Annfield, Writer in 
Stirling. Died 9th January 1855, aged 84. Mm: 29th December 1794, Frances, 
youngest daughter of John Brown, Merchant, Glasgow. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN KIRKPATRICK, or Glenfeochan. 25th November 179G. 

Apprentice to John Campbell, Junr. — Son of Archibald Campbell of Jura, 
Argyllshire. Died 28th April 1826. Mar. 29th July 1817, Mary Kirkpatrick, 
only daughter of Alexander Campbell, of the island of Tobago. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN ARCHIBALD. 22d February 1813. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan and John Campbell. — Eldest son of John 
Campbell of The Citadel, W.S. Born 1788. Died 7th September 1866. Mar. 
10th October 1822, Emma, daughter of Thomas Peter Legh, of Lyme, Chester. 
Sheriff-Clerk of Mid-Lothian, 1843-60. 

CAMPBELL, ORD GRAHAM. 15th November 1838. 

Apprentice to Andrew Tawse. — Youngest son of Archibald Graham Campbell of 
Shirvain, Argyllshire. Born 11th September 1816. Died 7th June 1890. Mar. 
15th June 1858, Jeanette Ritchie, daughter of William Wallace of Busby. 

CAMPBELL, PATRICK, of Queenshill. 8th March 1791. 

Apprentice to William Campbell, his luiclc. — Eldest son of William Campbell of 
Queenshill. Born 1764. Died 11th December 1836. Mar. 10th April 1800, Jane, 
eldest surviving daughter of David Maitland of Barcaple, Kirkcudbrightshire. 

CAMPBELL, PATRICK WILLIAM. 20th October 1875. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Craigie Bell; and (2) James Mylne, Senior.— Eldest 
son of David Campbell, Mounthamilton, and Manager of the Royal Bank of 
Scotland, Ayr. Born 21st November 1850. Mar. 18th April 1883, Mary 
* Walker, eldest daughter of John Fergusson Cathcart, Merchant, Leith. 

CAMPBELL, RICHARD, of Helentonmains and Auchenbreok. 3d March 1818. 

Apprentice to Robert Cathcart. — Fourth son of Richard Campbell of Helenton- 
mains, Ayrshire. Di^ 27th July 1853, aged 59. Mar. 8th August 1834, Ann 
Glass, daughter of Archibald Douglas, Clangregor Castle. 

CAMPBELL, ROBERT, of Balvie. 25th November 1701. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham. — Brother of John Campbell of Gon-ie. Died 
February 1716. Mar. (1) June 1702, Anna, daughter of John Campbell of 
SuccolJi; and (2) before 1713, Anna, second daughter of William Colquhoun of 
Craigton, Dumbartonshire. Fiscal, 1703-10. 

£ 



d4 THE SOCIETY OE WElTEliS TO THE SIGNET 

CAMPBELL, ROBERT, ok Sonachan. 21st May 1805. 

Apprentice to H. M'D. Buchanan. — Eldest sou of Donald Campbell of Sonachan, 
Argyllshire. Bom 29th December 1779. Died 13th June 1877. Mar. 16th 
June 1816, Susan, only daughter of David Campbell of Combie, Argyllshire. 

CAMPBELL, RONALD, of Balerno. 15th August 1695. 

Apprentice to John Campbell of Succoth. Died 30th August 1726. Mar. 25th 
March 1697, Margaret, daughter of James Hamilton of Hetherrick, East-Lothian. 
Deputy Keeper of the Signet, 1725-1726. 

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM, or Crawfordton. 4th August 1777. 

Apprentice to George Muir, his luicle. — Eldest son of Dr. Patrick Campbell, 
Physician in Wigtown. I}ied 6th May 1794. Mar. (1) Miss M'Murdo; and (2) 
' 14th May 1793, Lydia, daughter of the liev. John CoUow, Minister of Penpont. 

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM. 8th July 1800. 

Apprentice to Archibald Gibson. — Second son of Sir James Campbell of 
Aberuchil, Bart. Bom 1776. Died 28th April 1849. Mar. (1) oth January 
1804, Eliza, daughter of \A'illiani Hunter of Glenormiston ; and (2) 25th October 
1820, Jane, second daughter of Hugh Cleghoni of Stravithie, Fifeshire. 

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM, of Queenshill. 29th June 1826. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. ^Eldest son of Patrick Campbell of Queenshill, 
W.S. Bunt 15tli February 1801. Dkd 8th October 1863, unmarried. 

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM BOWIE STEWART, of Cloiohfoldich. 4th March 1826. 
Apprentice to John Bowie. — Sou of Major Alexander Campbell of Glenfalloch. 
Barn 1803. Died 11th June 1847. Afar. (1) 16th March 1830, Sarah Priscilla, 
only daughter of J. Feamside, London; and (2) 5th April 1838, Janet W. 
Maxwell, only child of Robert Stewart of Cloichfoldich, Perthshire. 

CANNAN, HORATIUS, of Barlay. 18th November 1784. 

Apprentice to Robert Boswell. Only son of John Cannan of Barlay, Kirkcud- 
brightshire. Dkd 17th April 1825, aged 68. Mar. 

CANNAN, HORATIUS. 17th November 1825. 

Apprentice to, and third son of, Horatius Cannan, W.S. Died 18th February 
1843, aged 55, unmarried. 

CAR6ILL, JAMES. 18tli November 1784. 

Apprentice to James Stewart. — Son of Walter Cargill, Merchant in Dunkeld. 

Mar. , daughter of William Jamiesou, Architect in Edinburgh. Resigned his 

Commission 23d March 1795. 

CARGILL, ROBERT. 10th July 1812. 

Apprentice to Hugh Watson. — Son of James Cargill, W.S. Z>j«rf 21st February 

1867. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 35 

CARMICHAEL, ALEXANDER. 13th April 1650. 

Died June 1658. Mar. Judith Nairne. 

CARMICHAEL, ARCHIBALD. 23d December 1723. 

Apprentice to William Kelso. — Died April 1743. 

CARMICHAEL, JAMES, of Hailes. 30th June 1741. 

Apprentice to Hugh Somerville. — Second son of the Hon. William Carniichael of 
Skirling, Advocate. Died 12th January 1781. Mar. 16th April 1750, Jenny, 
youngest daughter of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, Bart. 

CARNEGIE, JAMES. 16th August 1665. 

Apprentice to James Allane. — Son of Robert Carnegie of Newgate, Forfarshire. 

CARNEGIE, JAMES, of Edrom Nkwton. 22d December 1825. 

Apprentice to Francis Walker. — Son of John Carnegie, tenant in Hailes. Born 
1799. Died 23d April 1883, unmarried. 

CARNEGIE, ROBERT. 11th March 1670. 

Apprentice to James Allane. — Son o Sir Alexander Carnegie of Pittarrow, Bart. 

Died September 1670. 
CARNEGY, JAMES. 

See Gardyne, James Carnegy. 

CARSTAIRS, ROBERT, of Radernie. 9th December 1687. 

Apprentice to William Hamilton. — Son of John Carstairs of Ca.ssingray, Fife- 
shire. Born 1645. Died August 1705. Mar. 1679, E.sther, daughter of 
Thomas Mills of Millhouse, Stafford. 

CASS, JOHN. 22d December 1610. 

Mar. 17tl) August 1603, Christian, daughter of William Kellie, W.S. 

CASS, RICHARD, of Fordell. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. — Son of Robert Cass of Fordell, Mid-Lothian. 
Died 3d February 1632. 

CASSELLS, ALEXANDER. lOth June 1830. 

Apprentice to James and Charles Nairne.— Fourth son of John Cassells of 
Arnprior, Perthshire. Born 1808. Died 10th March 1875. Mar. 25th October 
1838, Catherine, daughter of John Walker, Bellsbank, Dalmellington. 

CATHCART, DANIEL. 29th December 1658. 

Apprentice to Robert Wallace, Richard Guthrie, and Hugh Paterson. Son 

of William Cathcart of Watorheid, Ayrshire. Warrant to pay his funeral 
expenses, 23d November 1686. Re-admitted 13tli January 1662. 

CATHCART, DAVID. 16th May 1822. 

Apprentice to George Russell. — Third son of David Cathcart of Auchendrane, 
Ayrshire, Lord Alloway, one of the Senators of the College of Justice. Born 2d 
December 1798. Died 1st January 1867, unmarried. 



^ THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

CATHCAET, ROBERT, of Drum. 25th November 1796. 

Apprentice to (1) Andrew Mackenzie; and (2) Kenneth Mackenzie. — Younger 
son of Robert Cathcart of Genoch. Barn 22d June 1773. Died 18th November 
1812. Mar. 16th October 1797, Anne, daughter of John Cadell of Cockenzie. 

CATHCART, ROBERT ALFRED. 13th November 1849. 

Apprentice to Thomas Macpherson Grant. — Eldest son of Elias Cathcart of 
Aucliendrane. Born 3d February 1825. Died 15th February 1855, unmarried. 

CAUVIN, JOSEPH. 24th November 1785. 

Apprentice to William Aytoun. — Eldest son of Louis Cauvin, Teacher of French 
in Edinburgh. Died 23d November 1815. Mar. 20tli April 1787, Ester, only 
daughter of Dr. Henry Cunningham. 

CAY, JOHN. 3d July 1851. 

Apprentice to James Gillespie Davidson. — Eldest son of John Cay, Advocate. 
Born 13th July 1820. Mar. 21st July 1857, Geddes Elizabeth, youngest daughter 
of Thomas Mackenzie of Applecross, Ross-shire. 

CAY, ROBERT DUNDAS. 7th March 1833. 

Apprentice to David Welsh. — Youngest son of Robert Hodshon Cay, of North 
Charlton, Judge of the High Court of Admiralty. Born 20th August 1807. 
Died 19th March 1888. Mar. 29th October 1835, Isabella, fourth daughter of 
William Dyce, of Cuttlehill, Aberdeenshire, M.D. Registrar of Supreme Court, 
Hong-Kong, 1844-55. 

CHALMER, JOHN MUIR, of Gadgirth. 7th January 1756. 

Apprentice to John Macfarlane. — Son of John Muir of Ayr, and nephew of John 
Chalmer of Gadgirth. Born 24th July 1726. Died 5th May 1774. Mar. 
Elizabeth Farquhar, of Edinburgh. Assumed name of Chalmer 1764. 

CHALMER, WILLIAM. 3d December 1636. 

Apprentice to Robert Pringle. — Son of George Chalmer of Auldquhat. Ditd 
January 1668. Mar. (1) daughter of Daniel Melville, W.S. ; and (2) 13th Mity 
1661, Isobell Garvie. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

CHALMERS, ALEXANDER HENDERSON. 6th July 1854. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie, J. B. Innes, and John Logan. — Son of Charles 
Chalmers of Monkshill, Advocate in Aberdeen. Bm-n 30th September 1830. 
Died 6th November 1871. Mar. 27th October 1870, Meylia Jessie Marjory 
Williamson, eldest daughter of Patrick Sinclair Laing, Deputy Inspector-General 
of Hospitals, Elgin. 

CHALMERS, CHARLES, of Portlethin. 20th October 1704. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Second son of Mr. James Chalmers, Professor of 
Philosophy in the Marischal College of Aberdeen ; killed fighting for King James 
at Sheriffmuir, 13th November 1715. Mar. (1) Jean, daughter of Alexander Boog 
of Burnhouses, Berwickshire; and (2) Helen, daughter of Alexander Young, Bishop 
of Edinburgh. Captain in the Scots Guards, but sold his Commission, 1714. 



LIST OF MEMBERS SI 

CHALMERS, GEORGE. 3d October 1723. 

Apprentice to Thomas Gibson. — JDied 9th December 1758. Mar. October 1729, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Colin Arthui- of Ballein. 

CHALMERS, JAMES. 25th June 1764. 

Apprentice to (1) Alexander Tait; and (2) John Mackenzie. — Son of Andrew 
Chalmers, Writer in Edinburgh. Died 20th November 1830, aged 89. Mar. 

CHALMERS, JAMES HAY. 26th June 1856. 

Apprentice to Archibald Watson Goldie. — Son of Rev. Peter Chalmers, Minister 
of the First Charge, Dunfermline. Bmii 10th January 1829. Bkd 21st June 

1860. Mar. 23d August 1859, Marion Morrison, elder daughter of Alexander 
Hay of Hardengreen, Mid-Lothian, W.S. 

CHALMERS, JOHN. 10th March 1813. 

Apprentice to Bain Whyt. — Eldest son of Thomas Chalmers, Locksmith in 
Potterrow. Born 1784. Died 18th March 1833, unmarried. 

CHALMERS, THOMAS. 19th March 1888. 

Apprentice to J. W. Young and John Blair. — Younger son of Thomas Chalmers 
of Longcroft, Linlithgowshire. Born 10th January 1863. 

CHANCELLOR, EDWARD. 26th June 1856. 

Apprentice to John Dundas, William Wilson, and A. M. Bell. — Fifth son of 
Alexander Chancellor of Shieldhill, Lanarkshire. Born 22d September 1828. 
Mar. 17th April 1866, Ann Helen, only daughter of John Robert Tod, W.S. 

CHANCELLOR, GEORGE. 17th July 1851. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton. — Third son of Alexander Chancellor of 
Shieldhill. Born 7th September 1825. Died 4th April 1875. 3far. 20th June 

1861, Katherine Elizabeth, youngest daughter of George Skene of Rubislaw. 
CHAPLANE, ALEXANDER, of Colliston. 13th January 1673. 

Apprentice to James Cheyne. — Eldest son of Robert Chaplane, Town-Clerk 
Depute, Dundee. Died A\ml 1695. Mar. (1) Agnes Smyth ; and (2) Magdalene, 
daughter of Henry Killoch. Fiscal, 1683-4. 

CHARTERIS, HENRY. 29th July 1633. 

Apprentice to James Stratoun. — Son of Henry Charteris, Primar of Edinburgh 
College. Died October 1641. Mar. 14th November 1632, Mawsia Henrieson, 
niece of Charles Hamilton, Merchant Burgess of Edinburgh. 

CHARTERIS, JAMES. 5th September 1671. 

Apprentice to John Alexander, elder. — Son of William Charteris of Auchin 
strowan. 

CHARTERS, WILLIAM. 23d November 1656. 

Apprentice to Quintine Kennedy. — Died about 1677. Mar. Isobel Kennedy. 
Re-admitted 11th April 1661. 



99 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

CHEYNE, HAREY, of Girlesta. IDth March 1868. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Henry Cheyne, W.S. — Bom 2d March 1845. Mar. 
20th July 1876, Dora, daughter of George Todd Chiene, C.A. Edinburgh. 

CHEYNE, HENRY. 19th November 1829. 

Apprentice to Joseph Gordon. — Eldest son of John Cheyne of Tangwick, Shet- 
land. Bom 24th August 1804. Died 27th February 1868. Mar. 7th May 
1840, Barbara, eldest daughter of William Hay of Laxfirth, Shetland. Clerk to 
the Admission of Notaries, 1855-68. 

CHEYNE, JAMES. 8th March 1642. 

Apprentice to Robert Pringle. — Son of Walter Cheyne in Tillibin. Re-admitted 
21st November 1661. 

CHEYNE, JAMES. 12th September 1706. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Died 8th April 1729. Mar. (1) September 1713, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Charles Maitland of Pitrichie, Aberdeenshire ; and 
(2) November 1724, Barbara, daughter of Robert Ross of Achlossan, Aberdeen- 
shire, and widow of Captain Francis Forbes. 

CHEYNE, JAMES AUCHINLECK, of Oxendean and Kilmaron. 3d March 1818. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Cathcart; and (2) John Kermack. — Son of Ninian 
Richard Cheyne, Bookseller in Edinburgh. Died 21st June 1853, aged 58. Mar. 
(1) 16th August 1821, Margaret Blair, daughter of Andrew M'Kean, Edinburgh; 
and (2) 29th April 1834, Frances Charlton, daughter of James Sprott, of Chitta- 
gong, Bengal. 

CHIESLEY, JOHN. 20th August 1697. 

Apprentice to John Knox. — Grandson of Walter Chiesley of Dairy. Deprived of 
his Commission 24th December 1707, for repeated contraventions of the Acts. 

CHIESLIE, WILLIAM, of Cockburn. 4th August 1662. 

Apprentice to John Semple.^ — Son of John Chieslie, Minister at Quodquen, in the 
Sheriffdom of Lanark. Died 13th February 1704, aged 70. Mar. Agnes, daughter 
of Samuel Rutherfurd, Principal of St. Mary's College, St. Andrews. 

CHILD, WILLIAM ARUNDALE. 18th November 1825. 

Apprentice to (1) Archibald Crauford ; and (2) James Dunlop. — Son of William 
Child of Glencorse, Merchant in Edinburgh. Died at Tobago, 20th October 1861, 
aged 58. Mar. 21st February 1856, Amelia White. Stipendiary Magistrate of 
island of Tobago. 

CHRISTIAN, JAMES. 12th February 1829. 

Apprentice to George Hogarth. — Son of Peter Christian, Writer in Stonehaven. 
Born 1801. Died 11th August 1876. Mar. 8th July 1839, Robina, youngest 
daughter of Robert Renton, Edinburgh. Sheriff-Clerk of Kincardineshire. 
1861-76, 



LIST OF MEMBERS ' 39 

CHRISTIE, JAMES, of Whythouse. 30th December 1647. 

Apprentice to Robert Kirkwood. — ^Nephew of David Christie of Over Stentou, 
Dieil November 1670. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

CHRISTIE, JOHN COCKBURN. 8th February 1838. 

Apprentice to George Turnbull.— Sou of David Christie, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Bom 29th April 1812. Died 29th August 1880. Mar. October 1842, his cousin, 
Helen, daughter of Hector Christie of Lentou, Nottingham. Keeper of the 
Register of Deeds, etc., 1869-73. Deputy-Keeper of the Records, 1873-80. 

CHRISTIE, ROBERT LINDSAY BRUCE STAIiK. 11th December 1856. 

Apprentice to Charles Morton. — Second son of Robert Stark Christie of Teasses, 
Fiie. J5ww 18th December 1832. i>ie<i 27th December 1889. Mar. 25th November 
1868, Julianne Cockburn, daughter of Captain Alexander Scott, 7 2d Regiment. 

CHRISTIE, WALTER CROSS BUCHANAN. 15th July 1889. 

Apprentice to Charles Morton and John Neilson. — Elder son of Thomas Craig 
Christie of Bedlay and Petershill, Lanarkshire. Born 5th December 1862. 

CHRISTISON, JOHN. 25th November 1858. 

Apprentice to James Hope, Robert Oliphant, and Robert Macka3\ — Son of Sir 
Robert Christison, Bart., M.D. Born 14th October 1832. 

CLAPPERTON, GEORGE. 12th December 1793. 

Apprentice to William Aytoun. — Son of William Clapperton, Merchant in Edin- 
burgh. Died 1st August 1814. 

CLAPPERTON, THOMAS. 2d November 1881. 

Apprentice to W. Traquair, W. T. Dickson, and T. S. MacLaren. — Son of John 
Clapperton, Merchant in Gorebridge. Born 15th September 1857. 

CLARK, GEORGE BENNET. 30th May 1878. 

Apprentice to J. B. Innes and John and Charles B. Logan. — Son of William 
Bennet Clark, Advocate. Bm-n 8th May 1863. Mar. 28th December 1882, 
Harriet Sophia, daughter of Dr. Martin, Edinburgh. 

CLARK, JOHN. 29th July 1695. 

Apprentice to Robert Bell. — Mar. Janet Paterson. 

CLARK, WILLIAM. 7th July 1803. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Eldest son of David Clark, Merchant in Edin- 
burgh. Died 8th November 1863, aged 84. Mar. 29th August 1814, Margaret, 
daughter of the Rev. William Bennet, minister of Duddingston. Sheriff- 
Substitute of Clackmannanshire, 1832-52. 

CLARK, WILLIAM MORTIMER. 17th February 1859. 

Apprentice to John Scott. — Son of John Clark, Manager of the Aberdeen Insur- 
ance Company. Bm-n 24th May 1836. Mar. 22d November 1866, Helen, daughter 
of Gilbert Gordon, Peterborough. Called to Bar of Ontario 1867. Chairman, 
Knox College ; and Member of Senate, University of Toronto. Q.C. 1890. 



40 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

CLARKE, ALLAN, of Woodside. 29th June 1759. 

Apprentice to Andrew Wallace.— Son of William Clarke, Merchant in Linlithgow. 
Died 8th January 1810. 

CLASON, ANDREW, of Hallyards. 5th December 1811. 

Apprentice to Sir William Drysdale.— Son of the Rev. Robert Clason, Minister of 
Logie. Born 26th April 1787. Died 23d September 1850, unmairied. 

CLEGHORN, DAVID. 8th July 1800. 

Apprentice to Charles Bremner.— Son of Thomas Cleghorn, Inspector-General of 
Imports and Exports for Scotland. Boi-n 13th November 1775. Died 24th 
October 1840, immarried. Crown Agent, 1833-35, 1837-40. 

CLEGHORN, GEORGE, of Weens. 6th December 1804. 

Apprentice to William Macdonald. — Second son of Thomas Cleghorn, Coach- 
maker in Edinburgh. Bmn 1780. Died 7th July 1855. Mar. 5th February 
1822, Marion Catherine, third daughter of John Dalton of Sleningford 'Park, 
Yorks. Author of Remarks on Ancient and Modern Art, 1837. 

CLEPHANE, HENRY. 30th January 1798. 

Apprentice to William Lumsdaine. — Fifth son of George Clephane of Carslogie, 
Fifeshire. Died 1 8th October 1818. 

CLERK, MALCOLM HENRY. 20th April 1877. 

Apprentice to J. M. Lindsay, Alexander Howe, and William Macgillivray. — Third 
son of John Clerk, Q.C. Born 14th May 1853. Died in Ceylon 11th May 1890, 
unmarried. 

COCKBURN, GEORGE. 8th December 1697. 

Apprentice to Laurence Oliphant. — Son of James Cockbum, Provost of 
Haddington. Mar. Elizabeth Wallace. 

COCKBURN, THOMAS, of Rowchestek. 18th January 1749. 

Apprentice to (1) James Home; and (2) Andrew Wallace. — Third son of David 
Cockbum, Bailie of Langton, Berwickshire. Bmn 1723. Died 13th July 1787. 
Mar. December 1752, Agnes, only child of John Scott of Belford. Deputy- 
Keeper of the Great Seal. 

COLDSTREAM, JOHN PHILIPS. 14th November 1866. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Blair Maconochie and W. J. Menzies; and (2) R. B. 
Maconochie.— Second son of John Coldstream, M.D., Edinburgh. Bom 6th June 
1842. Mar. 25th April 1871, Emily, second daughter of George Rawson, Lanes- 
field, Bristol, and widow of James Henderson, M.D., Shanghai. Assistant Clerk 
of Session, 1872-86. Author of Procedure in ilie Court of Session, 1878. 

COLQUHOUN, GEORGE, of Balhartie. Ist February 1664. 

Apprentice to George Cruickshank. — Died about 1691. Mar. (1) 5th December 
1657, Christian Watson; and (2) 12th July 1667, Isobel Henderson, 



LIST OF MEMBERS 41 

COLQUHOUN, JAMES. 17th March 1797. 

Apprentice to William Blair. — Son of Robert Colquhour,, Farmer at Touch. 
Died 29th June 1797. 

COLQUHOUN, WILLIAM DALZELL, of Garscadden. 9th July 1789. 

Apprentice to David Erskin. — Son of David Dalzell, Merchant in Glasgow. Died 
28th January 180G. Mar. I6th December 1801, Elizabeth Glen, youngest daughter 
of Sir Hay Campbell of Succoth, Bart. Assumed name of Colquhoun, 1801. 

COMBE, GEORGE. ' 31st January 1812. 

Apprentice to Alexander Dallas. — Third son of George Combe, Brewer in 
Edinburgh. Bmn 21st October 1788. Died Uth August 1858. Mar. 25th 
September 1833, Cecilia, daughter of Mrs. Siddons, Tragedian. Author of the 
Constitution of Man, and other works on Phrenology. 

COMRIE, PATRICK. 8th March 1704. 

Resigned his Commission 27th June 1751. 

CONNELL, ARCHIBALD. 28th June 1821. 

Apprentice to James Hope. — Second son of John Connell, Advocate. Born 1798. 
Died Uth March 1843, unmarried. 

CONNELL, JAMES, of Conheath. 18th June 1829. 

Apprentice to John and Walter Fcrrier. — Only son of James Connell of Conheath, 
Dumfriesshire. Born 1805. Died 12th February 1876. Mar. (1) 20th April 
1848, Isabella Lydia, daughter of Thomas Corrie, W.S. ; and (2) 28th April 1864, 
Matilda Hay, widow of Major-General Cox. 

CONSTABLE, NELSON BRIGGS. 28th January 1881. 

Apprentice to (1) Henry Inghs; (2) R. W. Wallace; and (3) J. A. Trail.— Son of 
William Briggs Constable of Benarty, Fife and Kinross. Bwn 24th June 1854. 

COOK, CHARLES. 3d August 1876. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Cook, W.S. — Born 18th August 1850. 

COOK, HENRY. 30th November 1871. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Cook, W.S. — Born 28th July 1848. Mar. 17th 
June 1879, Margaret, daughter of John Patten, W.S. 

COOK, JOHN. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

COOK, JOHN. 10th March 1836. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Walter Cook, W.S. — Bom 21st May 1813. Mar. 
12th October 1842, Margaret Sophia, daughter of Lieut. -General Sir John Hope, 
G.C.H. Collector of Widows' Fund, 1861. 

F 



42 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

COOK, WALTER. 18th May 1801. 

Apprentice to James Ferrier. — Son of Rev. .Tohn Cook of Newburn, Professor of 
Moral Philosophy in the University of St. Andrews. Born 24th June 1776. 
Died 17th February 1861. Mar. (1) 12th October 1809, Johanna, second 
daughter of John Moncreiffe of Sauchopwood ; and (2) 12th June 1820, Mary, 
second daughter of Alexander Chrystie of Balchrystie. Collector of Widows' 
Fund, 1828-61. 

COOPER, ALEXANDER HILL. 20th April 1877. 

Apprentice to Frederick Pitman. — Younger son of William Cooper of Failford, 
Ayrshire. Bm-n 22d January 1852. Mar. 27th Jul}- 1881, Cecilia, daughter of 
Henry Ritchie Cooper of Ballindalloch, Stirlingshire. 

COOPER, GEORGE. 25th June 1770. 

Apprentice to Archibald Stuart. — Second son of Richard Cooper, Civil Engineer 
in Edinburgh. Died 28th March 1777. 

COOPER, WILLIAM, of Failford. 22d November 1832. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson and James Steuart. — Son of Samuel Cooper of 
Failford and Balhndalloch. Born 28th March 1808. Died 31st December 1880. 
Mar. (1) 30th July 1835, Isabella, daughter of Robert Clark of Comrie Castle, 
Perthshire; (2) 17th October 1845, Margaret, daughter of Rev. Alexander HiD, 
D.D., Professor of Divinity in the University of Glasgow. 

CORMACK, JOHN BELL. 24th May 1827. 

Apprentice to (1) James Saunders Robertson ; and (2) James Amott. — Son of 
Alexander Cormack, Merchant in Newfoundland. Died 1870. 

CORNWALL, THOMAS. 10th December 1829. 

Apprentice to Donald Home. — Son of James Cornwall, Commissioner of Excise. 
B&rn 1803. Died 3d June 1833, unmarried. 

CORRIE, HUGH, of Culloch. 3d July 1772. 

Apprentice to John Davidson. — Second son of James Corrie of Speddoch, 
Dumfriesshire. Died 1st June 1805. Mar. September 1772, Mary, daughter of 
the Rev. John Collow, Minister of Penpont. 

CORRIE, THOMAS, of Steilston. 3d March 1818. 

Apprentice to James Gilchrist. — Only son of Hugh Corrie, W.S. Died 15th 
April 1859. Mar. 2 2d March 1814, Clementina Blair, youngest daughter of 
Lieut.-Colonel Andrew Ross, 31st Regiment. Admitted Advocate 14th December 
1811. Manager of British Linen Company Bank, 1828-59. 

COSENS, JOHN. 14th November 1851. 

Apprentice to James Shepherd and T. M. Grant — Son of the Rev. Peter Cosens, 
Minister of Lauder. Bmii 15th April 1827. Died 26th November 1857, 
unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 4,3 

COSENS, PETER HUNTER. 20th October 1890. 

Apprentice to D. S. MoncriefF and J. A. Traill. — Son of the Rev. Alexander 
Thomson Cosens, Minister of Broughton. Bmn 25th May 1864. 

COTTON, WILLIAM. 12th April 1886. 

Apprentice to George Robertson and J. H. Finlay. — Son of William Cotton, 
residing in Edinburgh. Born 22d August 1863. Mar. 15th April 1889, Alice 
Maud, daughter of Thomas William Rose, Ealing, Middlesex. 

COUPER, ADAM, of Gogar. 

Second son of James Couper of Gogar. — Died 3d December 1608. Mar. (1) 
Margaret Danielstoun, of the Colgrain family ; and (2) 3d November 1607, 
Elizabeth Home. Fiscal, 1596-99. Principal Clerk of Session. 

COUPER, ALEXANDER, of Foulfoord. 

Commissioner, 24th January 1642. — Third son of Adam Couper of Gogar, W.S. 
Born 15th November 1598. Mar. (1) Catherine Cochrane, of the family of Bar- 
bachlay ; and (2) 24th August 1631, Isobel Rae. 

COUPER, JOHN GIBSON. 12th April 1886. 

Apprentice to Robert Strathern. — Son of George Gordon Douglas Couper, resid 
ing in Edinburgh. Bm-n 11th April 1861. 

COUPER, PETER. 6th June 1803. 

Apprentice to John Campbell, teiiius. — Son of Peter Couper, Shipmaster in 
Leith. Died 1854, aged 73. Mar. 27th March 1809, Mary, eldest daughter of 
Archibald Richardson, Merchant in Leith. 

COUTTS, THOMAS. Ist July 1611. 

Apprentice to Thomas Young. — Died 28th April 1627. Mar. Elizabeth Booge. 

COVENTRY, HENRY JOHN. 17th July 1862. 

Apprentice to Thomas Graham Murray. — Third son of the Rev. George Coventry 
of Shanwell, Kinross-shire. Born 5th June 1834. Mar. 19th September 1867, 
Mary Jane Douglas, third daughter of Michael Thomson Carmichael of Eastend. 

COWAN, ALEXANDER. 1st July 1828. 

Apprentice to James and Charles Nairne. — Third son of Alexander Cowan, 
Papermaker at Valleyfield. Burn 9tli November 1804. Died at Bonn 11th 
December 1831, aged 27. Mar. 1st September 1829, Jane Annesley, daughter of 
Thomas Thompson, M.P. for Evesham. 

COWAN, HUGH. 17th January 1822. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hunter. — Son of William Cowan of Corsehill, Banker 
in Ayr. Born 1798. Died 9th January 1835, unmarried. 



44 THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET 

COWAN, JOHN. 28th June 1860 

Apprentice to Patrick Dalmahoy. — Third son of John Cowan, Advocate, one of 
the Senators of the College of Justice. Born 1 4th December 1836. Commissioner 
of Lunacy for Scotland, 1881. Crown Agent, 1886. Fiscal, 20th December 1887. 

COWAN, KICHARD. 6th December 1803. 

Apprentice to Harry Davidson. — Son of Robert Cowan, Merchant in Glasgow. 
Bor7i 1780. Died 20th May 1837, unmarried. 

COWAN, ROBERT. 14th November 1833. 

Apprentice to Richard Cowan. — Son of Walter Cowan, Merchant in Leith. Bwu 
1st March 1809. 

COWAN, ROBERT BRUCE. 13thAprill885. 

Apprentice to J. A. Jamieson, James Craik, and John W. Tod. — Son of John 
Cowan, of Greenock. Born 7th January 1861. 

COWIE, HENRY. 18th January 1749. 

Apprentice to James Ramsay. — Eldest son of Archibald Cowie, Portioner of 
Pockneive, Stirlingshire. Died before 1754. 

COX, CHARLES THOMAS. 17th March 1890. 

Apprentice to James H. Jameson. — Son of George Addison Cox of Invertrossachs, 
Perthshire. Born 8th June 1865. 

COX, ROBERT, 11th July 1832. 

Apprentice to George Combe. — Son of Robert Cox of Gorgie Mill, Mid-Lothian. 
Born 25th February 1810. Died 3d February 1872, unmarried. Author of 
Sabbath Laws and Sabbath Duties, 1853, and other works. 

CRAIG, HENRY VIVIAN GIBSON-, 8th September 1870. 

Apprentice to John and Henry Gordon Gibson. — Third son of Sir William Gibson- 
Craig of Riccartou, Bart. Born 25th September 1847. Mar. 27th June 1882, 
Emily Dulcibella, daughter of Montagu Wilmot of Norton, Swansea. 

CRAIG, JAMES, of Dalnair and Costerton. 13th May 1707. 

Apprentice to William Forrester. — Died 5 th August 1743. Mar. February 1708, 
Magdalen, daughter of Alexander Chaplane of Colliston, Forfarshire, W.S. 

CRAIG, SIR JAMES GIBSON-, of Riccarton, Bart. 21st December 1786. 

Apprentice to William Anderson. — Second son of William Gibson, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Born 11th October 1765. Died 6th March 1850. Mar. 14th 
September 1796, Anne, youngest daughter of James Thomson, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Assumed the name of Craig by royal licence on 30th May 1823. 
Created a Baronet 30th September 1831. 

CRAIG, JAMES THOMSON GIBSON-, 25th June 1824. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, Sir James Gibson-Craig, Bart.— ^or« 12 th 
March 1799. Died 18th July 1886. Mar. 23d November 1841, Jane, daughter 
of Sir John Peter Grant of Rothiemurchus, and widow of Colonel Pennington. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 45 

CRAIG, JOHN MOORE. 18th December 1834. 

Apprentice to ^ueas Macbean. — Son of John Craig of Prestonhohne, Merchant 
in Leith. Born 11th October 1809. Died at the Cape, of Good Hope 10th 
February 1845, unmarried. 

CRAIG, WILLIAM. 7th March 1815. 

Apprentice to James Little. — Eldest son of James Craig, Supervisor of Excise, 
Ayr, and afterwards at Haddington. Died 1826. Mai: 9th December 1818, 
Margaret Ann, youngest daughter of Gillean Maclean of Scalasdale. 

CRAIGIE, DAVID, of Dunbarney. 9th July 1756. 

Apprentice to Laurence Craigie. — Third son of Robert Craigie of Glendoick, 
Perthshire, Lord President of the Court of Session. Died 17th August 1796. 
Mar. Dorothea, daughter of Sir George Clerk Maxwell of Penicuik, Bart 

CRAIGIE, HENRY. 7th July 1829. 

Apprentice to Roger Aytoun. — Fifth son of John Craigie of Quebec. Born 1807. 
Died 19th April 1867. Mar. 23d July 1839, Jessie, daughter of Alexander 
Falconar of Falconhall, Edinburgh. 

CRAIGIE, LAURENCE. 6th February 1744. 

Apprentice to Archibald Stuart — Second son of Laurence Craigie of Kilgraston, 
Perthshire, Advocate. Mar. Miss Duncan of Lundie. Resigned his Commission 
15th July 1780. Died 1781. 

CRAIGIE, WILLIAM CHARLES. 11th July 1771. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson, Junr. — Second son of Thomas Craigie, Professor 
of Moral Philosophy in the University of Glasgow. Died 29th May 1790. 

CRAIK, JAMES. 9th February 1871. 

Apprentice to Thomas G. Murray and James A. Jamieson. — Son of Rev. James 
Craik, D.D., Glasgow. Born 13th March 1841. Mar. 12th November 1872, 
Gertrude Honora, daughter of Joseph Bowstead of Hyde House, Gloucestershire. 
Deputy Keeper of the Privy Seal, 1874. 

CRANSTON, THOMAS, ov Dewak. 1st August 1786. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson, Senr. — Eldest son of George Cranston of Dewar, 
Mid-Lothian. Born 1760. Died 21st October 1836, unmarried. 

CRAUFORD, ARCHIBALD. 20th May 1794. 

Apprentice to John Russell, Junr. — Son of James Crauford, Writer in Ayr. 
Died 28th September 1806. 

CRAUFUIRD, ARCHIBALD, of Ardmillan. 10th March 1803. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young.— Eldest son of Archibald Craufuird of Ardmillan, 
Ayrshire. Died 16th May 1824. Mar. 4th November 1802, Jiis cousin, Margaret 
d'Albojuf, daughter of Thomas Craufuird of Ardmillan. 



m THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

CRAW, JOHN. 7th July 1795. 

Apprentice to John Taylor. — Son of John Craw, Writer in Haddington. Died 
23d March 1816, aged 44. Buried in Holyrood Abbey. Mar. Margaret, daughter 
of John Hardie, Brewer, St. Ann's Yard, Edinburgh. Bailie of Holyrood. 

CRAWFORD, ALEXANDER. 16th December 1830. 

Apprentice to William Patrick.— Son of William Crawford, Professor of Moral 
Philosophy in the University of St. Andrews. Born 1801. Died 12th March 
1838. Mar. 6th October 1834, Jane Brown, daughter of Archibald Douglas, 
Advocate. 

CRAWFORD, HEW, of Jokdanhill. 14th December 1716. 

Apprentice to Robert Campbell. — Eldest son of James Crawford of Jordanhill, 
Renfrewshire. Died 21st February 1756. Mar. Mary, daughter of Mr. James 
Greenshiels, Rector of Fiunough, Tipperary. Writer to the Prince of Wales. 

CRAWFORD, JAMES. 9th August 1770. 

Apprentice to (1) Alexander Stevenson of Montgreenan ; and (2) William Eraser. 
— Second son of Hugh Crawford of Raisleygate. Mar. Catherine Brown. Died 
18th April 1783. 

CRAWFORD, JAMES. 10th March 1819. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Second son of Hugh Crawford of Brownmuir, 
Writer in Greenock. Died 17th November 1868, aged 70. Mar. 22d July 1819, 
Eliza Harvey Bell. 

CRAWFORD, JAMES. 27th June 1833. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson and James Steuart. — Son of Alexander Crawford, 
tenant in Rhodes, near North Berwick. Bwn 17th December 1808. Died 17th 
November 1863. Mar. (1) 25th August 1846, Euphemia, daughter of Andrew 
Somerville, Luffness; and (2) 25th November 1856, Jane Watt, daughter of 
Robert Davidson, H.E.I.C.S. 

CRAWFORD, RONALD, of Restalrig. 7th March 1732. 

Apprentice to (1) John Mein ; and (2) James Armour. — Third son of Patrick 
Crawford of Auchenames, Ayrshire. Died 11th July 1762. Mar. August 1743, 
Katherine, daughter of John Forbes of Newhall, Advocate. 

CRAWFURD, JOHN. 16th July 1661. 

Apprentice to James Campbell. — Son of Hugh Crawfurd of Auchinwey. Died 
1667. 

CRAWFURD, ROBERT, of Crawfurdtoun. 8th March 1688. 

Apprentice to Hugh Wallace of Inglistoun. — Died 1699. Mar. Margaret Cathcart. 

CRAWFURD, JAMES. 29th June 1661. 

Apprentice to James Campbell. — Second son of Patrick Crawfurd of Auchenames. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 47 

CEEASE, GEORGE. 22d December 1836. 

Apprentice to Alexander Stevenson. — Son of William Crea.se, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Born 15th June 1810. Died 6th April 1838. 

CEICHTON, DAVID. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

CRICHTON, HEW HAMILTON. 14th May 1849. 

Apprentice to James Campbell Tait. — Son of Hew Crichton, S.S.C. in Edinburgh. 
Bom 7th September 1820. 

CROMBIE, ALEXANDER, of Thornton. 17th January 1861. 

Appi-entice to Thomas George Mackay and Alexander Howe. — Eldest son of 
Alexander Crombie of Thornton, Kincardineshire. Born 29th November 1836. 
Mar. 7th September 1870, Elizabeth, .second daughter of Dr. John Marshall, 
Chatton Park, Northumberland. 

CROMBIE, ANDREW. 27th Februai-y 1817. 

Apprentice to William Balderston. — Son of John Crombie, Dyer in Edinburgh. 
Boi-n 23d May 1793. Died in Tasmania 20th July 1859. Mar. 11th June 1834, 
Margaret, daughter of Norgett, Hobart-Town, Tasmania. 

CROMBIE, OR CRUMMEY, THOMAS. 3d March 160G. 

Mar. Margaret, daughter of James Ker, Merchant Burgess of Edinburgh. 

CROOKS, PETER. 8th March 1821. 

Apprentice to Alexander Dallas. — Son of Peter Crooks, Gardener at the Dean. 
Born 1799. Died 4th March 1844. Mar. 5th October 1824, Marion, daughter of 
Peter Dods, Haddington. Collector of Fee Fund, Court of Session, 1840-44. 

CRUICKSHANK, GEORGE. 18th August 1652. 

Apprentice to John Semple.— Died February 1669. Mar. 5th December 1661, 
Elizabeth Gawin. Clerk 1654-60. Re-admitted 5th April 1661. 

CULLEN, JOHN. 4th July 1828. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Fifth son of Thomas CuUen, farmer, Dalmamock. 
Bo^-n 1802. Died June 1863. Mar. 9th August 1841, Catherine Ann, daughter 
of William Buchanan, Advocate. 

CULLEN, WILLIAM JAMES, LL.B. 15th July 1884. 

Apprentice to James, J. H., and L. M. Balfour. — Son of Thomas Cullen, Inspector 
of Stamps and Taxes, Edinburgh. Born 9th September 1859. Mar. 4th July 
1888, Grace Rutherford, youngest daughter of William John Clark, Withington, 
Manchester. Resigned his commission 28th January 1890. 

CUMINE, FRANCIS GARDEN. 16th February 1832. 

Apprentice to George Robinson and Joseph Paterson. — Son of Archibald Cumine 
of Auchry, Aberdeenshire. Born 4th October 1803. Died 1843, unmarried. 



48 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

CUMING, GEORGE, of Relugas. 3d July 1778. 

Apprentice to (1) William Budge; and (2) John Mackenzie of Delvin. — Fourth 
son of Dr. Patrick Cuming of Relugas, Minister at Edinburgh. Bo)-n 1744. Died 
2d October 1804. Mar. 4th January 1783, Susanna Judith Craigie, daughter of 
Colonel Charles Halket of Halhill, Fifeshire. 

GUMMING, GEORGE. 5th December 1833. 

Apprentice to Joseph Gordon. — Son of John Gumming, Banker in Forres. Boin 
16th October 1809. Died 8th September 1883. Mar. 5th October 1847, Jane Maria, 
daughter of Robert Edmunds, London, and widow of William Henry Burgess. 

GUMMING, JAMES. 12th January 1730. 

Apprentice to Hugh Somerville. Mar. Ann, daughter of William Alves, W.S. 

CUMYNG, MATHEW. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

GUNINGHAM, ALEXANDER. 30th January 1798. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson, Junr. — Eldest son of the Rev. Charles Cuning- 
ham, Minister of Tranent. Died 23d February 1827, aged 81. Mar. April 1774, 
Fordyce, daughter of William Gray of Newholm, Lanarkshire. 

GUNINGHAM, ALEXANDER, of Newholm. 13th December 1827. 

Apprentice to Richard Mackenzie. — Son of Charles Cuningham, of Newholm, 
W.S. Bm-n 29th April 1805. Di^d 16th June 1883. Mar. 31st July 1834, 
Caroline, daugliter of Major-General Alured Dodsworth Faunce, C.B. Secretary 
to Commissioners of Northern Light, 1842-74. 

CUNINGHAM, CHARLES, of Newholm. 19 th February 1808. 

Apprentice to Robert Dundas. — Son of Alexander Cuningham, W.S. Died 27th 
January 1856, aged 82. Mar. 5th June 1799, Elizabeth, daughter of John Weir 
of Kerse. Town-Clerk of Edinburgh, 4th February 1807 to 1851. 

CUNINGHAM, EDMUND CYPRIAN. 24th January 1878. 

Apprentice to R. L. Stuart and Harry Cheyne. — Son of Alexander Cuningham 
of Newholm, W.S. Barn 7th March 1853. 

CUNINGHAM, JOHN, of Bandalloch. 29th December 1684. 

Apprentice to .Tames Cunningham. — Son of William Cuningham of Drumbeg, 
Stirlingshire. Died 24th February 1716. Mar. Jean, daughter of William Weir 
of Blackwood, Lanarkshire. Fiscal, 1690-95. 

CUNINGHAM, JOHN, of Balbegy. 24th June 1713. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Cuningham of Bandalloch, W.S. — Died 1770. 

CUNINGHAM, WILLIAM, of Bandalloch. 2d February 1713. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Cuningham of Bandalloch, W.S. — Died suddenly 
in Parliament House 8th December 1743. Mar. 28th April 1708, Martha 
daughter of Sir George Suttie of Balgone, Bart, 



LIST OF MEMBEES 49 

CUNINGHAM, WILLIAM GRAY. 1st July 1824. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Charles Cuningham of Newholm, W.S. — Born 6tL 
December 1800. Died 31st December 1838. Mar. 21st June 1831, Janetta, 
daughter of Captain Charles Grant of Greenpark, Linlithgowshire. 

CUNNINGHAM, ALEXANDER, of Harperfield. 11th February 1702. 

Died 1708. Jl/ar. 16th October 1705, Margaret, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 
D.C.S. 



CUNNINGHAM, ALEXANDER, of Lathrisk. 4th July 1748. , 

Apprentice to Archibald Campbell. — Third son of Ninian Cunningham, Writer in 
Edinburgh. Died 17th August 1780. 

CUNNINGHAM, HUGH, of Monkredden. 12th July 1695. 

Apprentice to John Cunningham of Enterkine. — Died 22d May 1704. Mar. 
Anna Brand. 

CUNNINGHAM, or CUNYNGHAME, JAMES. 16th March 1670. 

Apprentice to John Cunningham of Enterkine. — Son of James Cunynghame in 
AUoway. Mar. Isobell Graham. Author of An Essay upon the Inscription of Mac- 
dufs Cross in Fife, 1678. 

CUNNINGHAM, JAMES. 19th June 1823. 

Apprentice to James Gibson. — Second son of Alexander Cunningham. Edinburgh. 
Born 18th March 1800. Died 6tli November 1878. 3Iar. (1) 26th April 1836, 
Margaret Sheaffe, youngest daughter of Daniel Bagot, Dublin; and (2) 11th 
October 1846, Elizabeth Boyle, youngest daughter of Alexander Dunlop of 
Keppoch. 

CUNNINGHAM, JOHN. 11th December 1828. 

Apprentice to John Gibson, Junr. — Son of John Cunningham of Balgounie, 
Perthshire. Bom 1804. Died 6th April 1832, unmarried. 

CUNNINGHAM, JOHN, of Enterkine. 27th November 1660. 

Apprentice to James Campbell. — Son of Adam Cunynghame of Previck, Ayrshire. 
Died May 1694. Mar. (1) 23d January 1657, Elizabeth Paton; and (2) 1st 
June 1677, Mary Murray. 

CUNNINGHAM, JOHN SMITH, of Caprington. 10th March 1803. 

Apprentice to Archibald Tod. — Eldest son of Thomas Smith, Writer in Edinburgh, 

Principal Clerk of the Bills. Bom 22d August 1780. Died 3d October 1855. 

Mar. 7th April 1812, Ann, second daughter of Sir William Cunningham of 

Caprington, Ayrshire. Assumed name of Cunningham. 
CUNNINGHAM, SAMUEL. 24th February 1809. 

Apprentice to John Macnab. — Son of Patrick Cunningham, Writer in Edinburgh. 

Died 1815. Mar. February 1807, Elizabeth, daughter of John Milne, Ironmonger, 

Edinburgh. 



50 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

CUNNINGHAM, WILLIAM, of Rathillet. 

Second son of James Cunningham of Ashinyards, Ayrshire. Mar. Rebecca 
Muirhead, daughter of the Laird ofLinhouse. i)iec? 6th August 1626. Depute 
Keeper of the Privy Seal. 

CURLE, JAMES. 13th April 1886. 

Apprentice to William Stuart Eraser. — Eldest son of Alexander Curie of Morriston, 
Berwickshire, and Priorwood, Melrose. Bm-n 27th March 1862. 

CURR, WILLLAJVI HENRY. 26th October 1887. 

Apprentice to Ralph and William John Dundas and George M. Paul. — Son of 
Henry Curr, Pitkellony, Muthill, Perthshire. Born 14th April 1863. 

CURRIER, ANDREW. 28th July 1715. 

Apprentice to James Drummond. — Died August 1740. Mar. (1) Helen, third 
daughter of Sir George Stirling of Glorat, Bart. ; and (2) April 1723, Barbara, 
daughter of George Alexander of Peppermiln, Mid-Lothian. 

CURROR, DAVID ANDREW. 11th January 1887. 

Apprentice to Thomas Watt Wallace. — Son of David Curror of Wester Craig- 
duckie, Fifeshire, S.S.C. Bmii 1st September 1861. 

CUTHBERTSON, WILLIAM. 12th November 1847. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Son of Thomas Cuthbertson, Coach-builder in 
Edinburgh. Bmi 1st February 1813. Died 2d January 1864. Mar. 9th July 
1851, Jane Todd. 

DALGLEISH, JAMES, of AVest Grange and Ardnamurchan. 10th March 1826. 

Apprentice to William Mackenzie and Alexander Monypenny. — Eldest surviving 
son of John Dalgleish of Dalbeath, Fifeshire, Lieut. -Colonel 21st Foot. Died 30th 
September 1870, aged 67. Mar. 30th June 1835, Elizabeth Christian, second 
daughter of Laurence Johnston of Sands, Perthshire. 

DALL, CHARLES. 18th June 1764. 

Apprentice to Alexander Robertson.— Son of Robert Dall, Merchant in Arbroath. 
Died 26th March 1773. 

DALLAS, ALEXANDER, of Riddochhill. 6th December 1803. 

Apprentice to J. A. Higgins. — Son of Alexander Dallas, Tacksman of Standaline, 
Nairnshire. Bm-n 1770. Died 4th Februai-y 1834. Mar. (1) Ann Forbes, and (2) 15th 
November 1831, Catherine, daughter of Sir William Honyman of Armadale, Bart. 

DALLAS, GEORGE, of Saint Martins. 16th July 1661. 

Apprentice to John Bayne.— Son of William Dallas of Badyett. Died April 1 701. 
Mar. 3d July 1660, Margaret Abercromby. Fiscal, 1666-71. M.P. for Cromarty- 
shire, 1665, 1667, 1669-74, 1678, 1681-2, 1685-6. Author of A System of Stiles as 
now p)-aclicahU within the kingdom of Scotland, 1697. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 51 

DALLAS, GEORGE, of Parkley. 17th June 1723. 

Apprentice to iTeorge Wilkie. — Son of George Dallas of Parkley. Died 1780. 
Mar. Decembci 1728, Susannah, daughter of James Mure of Eamshaw. 

DALLAS, JAMES. 3d July 1781. 

Apprentice to Robert Boswell. — Eldest son of Thomas Dallas, Surgeon in Mussel- 
burgh. Died 2d January 1802. Mar. 7th April 1783, Nancy, daughter of John 
Milne of Stobcross. Resigned his Commission 24th May 1792. 

DALLAS, WILLIAM. 5th January 1687. 

Apprentice to George Dallas of St. Martins. — Mar. 10th February 1689, 
Henrietta Cockbum. Joint Fiscal, 1695 and 1697-1702. 

DALLAS, WILLIAM. 1st August 1788. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson, Junr. — Fourth son of William Dallas, Wright 
in Edinburgh. Disd 27th March 1852. Mar. 21st February 1797, Elizabeth, 
youngest daughter of James Kerr, of the island of Jamaica. 

DALLAS, WILLIAM. 21st December 1832. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Alexander Dallas, W.S. — Born 25th December 1805. 
Died 24th February 1851. Mar. (1) 30th March 1832, Mary Ann, daughter of 
John Thomson of Northfield; and (2) 28th October 1845, Margaret M'Ewen. 

DALMAHOY, JAMES ALEXANDER. 18th July 1877. 

Apprentice to (1) Patrick Dalmahoy; and (2) John Cowan.— Son of Patrick 
Dalmahoy, W.S. JBm-n 8th December 1853. 

DALMAHOY, PATRICK, of Bowkrhouses. 5th June 1823. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Son of Adam Dalmahoy, residing in Edinburgh. 
Born 11th June 1798. Di^sd 5th September 1872. Mar. 8th January 1833, Anna 
Catherine, only daughter of Simon Sawers, of the Ceylon Civil Service. Fiscal, 
1864-72. 

DALRYMPLE, ROBERT, of Killoch. 28th March 1707. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham. — Second son of Sir James Dalrymple of 
Borthwick, Bart 5mi 25th July 1685. j9t«<? 2d December 1765. il/ar. 5th Sep- 
tember 1711, Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of John Bo wick, Merchant, Glasgow. 

DALRYMPLE, ROBERT, of Dreghohn and Prestwoodside. 10th December 1722. 

Apprentice to Robert Dalrymple.— Son of Dalrymple of Waterside, Dumfries- 
shire. Died 30th March 1765, aged 77. 

DALRYMPLE, WILLIAM. 31st March 1707. 

Son of Robert Dalrymple, one of the Bailies of Ayr.— Died 7th June 1732. Mar. 

Janet Menzies. Under-Keeper of the Signet, 1707-8. 
DALRYMPLE, WILLIAM. 11th December 1828. 

Apprentice to James Lang. — Son of James Dalrymple, Merchant in Edinburgh. 

Born 1795. Died 4th November 1834. Mar. 1833. 



H THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

DALEYMPLE, WILLIAM. 8th November 1849. 

Apprentice to John Eichardson. — Eldest son of William Dalrymple, S.S.C. 

Born 27th April 1821. Died 8th January 1886. Mar. Mary Agnes, daughter 

of James Aitken, Writer, Edinburgh. 
DALZELL, WILLIAM. 

See CoLQUHouN, William Dalzelu 
DALZIEL, GEOEGE. 24th June 1824. 

Apprentice to John Buchan Brodie. — Son of John Dalziel, Writer in Earlston, 

Berwickshire. Born 14th January 1799. Died 27th June 1869. Mar. 23d 

October 1827, Charlotte, second daughter of David Pearson, Edinburgh. Depute- 

Keeper of the Privy Seal, 1853-69. 
DALZIEL, GEOEGE. 14th November 1866. 

Apprentice to, and son of, George Dalziel, W.S.— .Swrt 13th July 1843. Mar. 
29th September 1868, Mary, eldest daughter of Charles Lyall, Old Montrose. 
DALZIEL, JOHN. 15th November 1860. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, George Dalziel, W.S. — Born 9th August 1838. 

Died 24th April 1883. Mar. 26th March 1863, Isabella Geddes, eldest daughter 

of James Sanderson, Surgeon-Major, Madras Army. 
DANIEL, PHINEAS. 16th May 1822. 

Apprentice to George Eobinson. — Son of George Daniel, Writer in Fraserburgh. 

Died 6th January 1867, aged 79. Mar. Clementina, youngest daughter of William 

Shand, Craigellie, Aberdeenshire. Sheriff-Clerk of Dumbartonshire, 1834-67. 
DAELING, JAMES JOHNSTON. 25th November 1824. 

Apprentice to Eobert Strachan. — Younger son of Paul Darling of Bogangreen. 

Born 1799. Died 1st July 1842, unmamed. Author of the Practice of the 

Court of Session, 1833, and other legal works. 
DAELING, JAMES STOEMONTH, ok Lednathie. 24th January 1822. 

Apprentice to (1) William Balderston ; and (2) AVilliam Scott. — Son of James 

Darling, Writer in Kelso. Bom 9th February 1799. Died 12th August 1866. 

3far. 19th July 1825, Elizabeth Moir, only surviving daughter of James Tod of 

Deanstoun. 

DAELING, JAMES STOEMONTH, of Lednathie. 29th November 1855. 

Apprentice to Alexander and Christopher Douglas. — Son of James Stormonth 
Darling, W.S. Bm-n 4th October 1830. Died 8th January 1881, unmarried. 

DAELING, THOMAS. 14th August 1633. 

Apprentice to Eobert Wallace. 

DAELING, THOMAS. 24th November 1831. 

Apprentice to John Glassford Hopkirk. — Son of Thomas Darling, S.S.C. Born 
16th October 1808. Died 13th June 1870. Mar. 13th March 1832, Charlotte, 
youngest daughter of Charles Hamilton of Fairholm, Lanarkshire. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 58 

DAVIDSON, ARTHUR LENNOX. 18th October 1886. 

Apprentice to Christopher Charles Nisbet. — Son of Major-General Davidson. 
Bmn 7th December 1862. 

DAVIDSON, CHARLES FORBES. 27th May 1824. 

Apprentice to (1) WiUiam Berry; (2) Alexander Kettle. — Fifth son of Andrew 
Davidson, Advocate in Aberdeen. Died 8th March 1853, aged 52. Mar. 9th 
June 1831, Eliza, daughter of Charles Hill of Luthrie, Fifeshire. 

DAVIDSON, HARRY, of Old Belses. 16th November 1781. 

Apprentice to Robert Jamieson. — Second son of James Davidson, Merchant in 
Dysart. Born 11 5b. I^ietZ 11th February 1837. Mm-. Ann Gillespie. Sheriff- 
Substitute of Mid-Lothian, 1791-1820. 

DAVIDSON, HUGH. 2d October 1688. 

Apprentice to Hugh Wallace of Inglistoun. — Died April 1695. 

DAVIDSON, JAMES, of Bankier. 29th June 1786. 

Apprentice to James Ferrier. — Son of the Rev. John Davidson, Minister of 
"West Kilpatrick. Died 18th June 1823. Mar. (1) 8th August 1787, Mary, 
daughter of Neil Buchanan of Auchintoshan, Dumbartonshire ; (2) 15th April 
1791, Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. James Meik, D.D., Minister of Cambuslang; 
and (3) 9th March 1809, widow of John Miller, of Jamaica. 

DAVIDSON, JAMES GILLESPIE. 19th June 1812. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Harry Davidson, W.S. — Bom 3d January 1789. 
Died 5th October 1843. Mar. 30th October 1828, Amelia Helen, eldest daughter 
of Major-General John Lamont of Lamont, Argyllshire. 

DAVIDSON, JOHN, of Stewartfield and Haltree. 3d April 1749. 

Apprentice to George Balfour. — Son of James Davidson of Haltree, Bookseller in 
Edinburgh. Died 29th December 1797. Author of a tract on the Regiam 
Majestatem, and another on the Black Ads ; Accounts of tlie Chamberlain oj Scotland, 
1329-31. Crown Agent. Depute Keeper of the Signet, 1778-1797. 

DAVIDSON, JOHN, of "Whitehouse. 20th December 1732. 

Apprentice to Andrew Sutherland. — Died 7th April 1755. Mar. August 1740, 
Anne, daughter of Fotheringham of Powrie. Principal Clerk of Justiciary. 

DAVIDSON, JOHN JAMES. - 22d February 1821. 

Apprentice to, and son of, James Davidson, W.S. — Born 1797. Died 20th May 
1837. Mar. Teind Clerk, 1826-38. 

DAVIDSON, LAURENCK 18th November 1825. 

Apprentice to (1) John Ferrier; and (2) Harry Davidson. — Fourth son of Harry 
Davidson, W.S. Died 18th September 1868, aged 69. Mar. 6th December 1831, 
Emma, youngest daughter of John Pryor, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 



5* THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

DAWLING, JAMES. 4th June 1636. 

Apprentice to Quintin Kennedy. 

DEAS, SYLVESTER FALCONER REID. 17th December 1868. 

Apprentice to James Duncan. — Younger son of Sir George Deas, Kt., one of the 
Senators of the College of Justice. Bcrrn 3d February 1845. Afar. 7th October 
1874, Alice, second daughter of Michael Grayhurst Hewat, London. 

DENNISTON, ARCHIBALD. 1st July 1837. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson and James Steuart. — Son of John Denniston, 
Merchant in Greenock. Bmi 14th March 1814. Died 23d June 1871. Mar. 
7th September 1842, Janet, third daughter of Allan Fullarton, Banker, Greenock. 

DENNISTOUN, RICHARD. 7th July 1829. 

Apprentice to George Dunlop. — Son of Robert Dennistoun, Merchant in Glasgow. 
Dkd 20th March 1848, aged 41. Mar. 11th March 1830, Hannah, only daughter 
of John Meiklam of Carnbroe. 

DEWAR, FRANCIS JAMES. 5th May 1880. 

Apprentice to (1) S. F. R. Deas, and (2) Hew Hamilton Crichton. — Elder son of 
Hugh Bruce Dewar, S.S.C. Born 29th April 1855, 

DEWAR, WILLIAM. 20th June 1769. 

Apprentice to Alexander Orr. — Second son of John Dewar of Cannan. Died 1772. 

DICK, ANDREW. 11th January 1762. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Sym, and (2) Thomas Innes. — Son of John Dick of 
Compstoun. Died May 1778. Mar. Ann Heugh. 

DICK, WALTER. 

Signs the Act 4th April 1607. Grandson of David Couper, Burgess of Cupar. 

DICK, WILLIAM. 3d July 1772. 

Apprentice to Leonard Urquhai't. — Youngest son of Robert Dick, Writer in 
Edinburgh. Z)t«(i August 1787. 

DICKIE, JOHN. 3d August 1742. 

Apprentice to Robert Hepburn. — Son of John Dickie, of Corstorphine Hill, 
Merchant in Edinburgh. Died 3d April 1 755, aged 43. Mar. Ann Fordyce. 

DICKIE, JOHN. 5th July 1814. 

Apprentice to William Inglis. — Third son of William Dickie, sometime Merchant 
in Dundee, afterwards in Edinburgh. Born 1783. Died 13th December 1839. 

DICKSON, ARTHUR HILL. 14th January 1890. 

Apprentice to Robert Strathern. — Youngest son of Alexander Dickson, Farmer, 
Hermiston, Mid-Lothian. Barn 18th February 1867. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 56 

DICKSON, DAVID SCOT. 26th June 1856. 

Apprentice to Thomas George Mackay and Alexander Howe. — Eighth son of 
Walter Dickson of Monybuie, W.S. Bom 23d September 1830. Mar. 19th 
September 1861, the Hon. Francis Sophia Addington, daughter of William 
Leonard, second Viscount Sidmouth. 

DICKSON, HENRY GORDON. 27th February 1817. 

Apprentice to William Handy side. — Son of Samuel Dickson, builder in Edinburgh. 
Died 30th September 1860, aged 74. Mar. 1st August 1817, Eliza, second 
daughter of William Gillespie, Merchant in Edinburgh. 

DICKSON, HENRY GORDON. 16th March 1855. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Henry Gordon Dickson, W.S. — Bmn 11th March 
1820. Died 21st July 1889. Mar. 16th September 1851, Jane Alder, eldest 
daughter of Dr. Adolphus M. Ross, Edinburgh. 

DICKSON, JAMES LAWRENCE. 16th January 1888. 

Apprentice to David S. Dickson and David Shaw. — Son of James Gilchrist 
Dickson, Stockbroker, Edinburgh. Born 25th November 1861. 

DICKSON, JAMES MACBRIDE, LL.B. 21st July 1875. 

Apprentice to Robert Burt Ranken. — Son of Andrew John Dickson, S.S.C. 
Born 7th January 1852. 

DICKSON, JOHN, of Robbiewhat. 30th June 1789. 

Apprentice to Hugh Corrie. — Eldest son of David Dickson of Locherwoods, 
Dumfriesshire. Born 1759. Died 23d November 1831. Mar. 2d September 
1790, Charlotte, daughter of James Alison, Writer in Edinburgh. 

DICKSON, JOHN. 13th June 1806. 

Apprentice to Archibald Gibson. — Son of the Rev. David Dickson of Perisland, 
Minister of the New North Church, Edinburgh. Died at Kingston, Canada, 8th 
July 1823. 

DICKSON, JOHN. 29th June 1843. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Walter Dickson of Monybuie, W.S. — Bom 30th 
October 1817. Mar. 29th June 1852, Eliza Jane, daughter of Colonel Alexander 
Macleod, C.B. 

DICKSON, SAMUEL. 16th March 1855. 

Apprentice to, and third son of, Henry Gordon Dickson, W.S. — Bo'rn 12th January 
1826. Mar. 31st July 1860, Mary Campbell, youngest daughter of David 
Johnstone of Overton, Stirlingshire. 

DICKSON, THOMAS. 18th May 1649. 

Apprentice to Adam Watt, — Mar. Agnes Gardner. Re-admitted 21st November 
1661. 



g§ THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

DICKSON, WALTER, of Monybuie. ' 20th May 1802. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston. — Youngest son of Joliu Dickson of Conheath, 

Provost of Dumfries. Bmn 5th November 1776. Died 12th December 1855. 

Mar. 2d December 1816, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Goldie of Craigmuie. 
DICKSON, WALTEE. 30th January 1823. 

Apprentice to William Eenny. — Son of Archibald Dickson of Housebyres, Nursery 

and Seedsman in Hawick. Bom 1797. Died 9th July 1843, unmarried. 
DICKSON, WILLIAM TEAQUAIR, of Cokstorphine. 3d November 1870. 

Apprentice to William Traquair, his uncle. — Son of John Dickson of Corstorpliine. 

Bm-n 7th June 1845. Mar. 27th June 1882, Elizabeth Madalene, daughter of 

Eev. Archibald Stewart, D.D., Minister of Glasserton. 
DIXON, EGBERT, of Levengrove. 20th December 1827. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Son of John Dixon, of the Dumbarton Glass 

Works Company. Died 26th July 1833, aged 30. 

DIXSON, JAMES HEGGIE. 20th October 1875-*^ 

Apprentice to Robert and James Alexander Haldane. — Son of Robert Dixson, 
Edinburgh. Barn 17th October 1852. Mar. 28th June 188], Jane Callander 
Balloch, daughter of Robert Honeyman, Merchant, Edinbui-gh. 

DOBIE, JAMES. 16th July 1840. 

Apprentice to (1) James Adam, (2) Roderick Mackenzie and Robert Macfarlane, 
and (3) Roderick Mackenzie. — Son of James Dobie of Grummoch, Writer in 
Perth. Barn 1819. Died 16th December 1840, unmarried. 

DON, PATRICK. 29th April 1662. 

Apprentice to Robert Pringle, John NicoU, elder, and Alexander Lesly. — Son 
of Alexander Don, Writer in Edinburgh. Died March 1672. 

DONALD, ALEXANDER. 6th July 1826. 

Apprentice to William Inglis and Matthew Weir. — Eldest son of William Donald, 
Couliehare, Udny. ^orm 1796. Z>i«i 11th April 1846. ilfar. 5th August 1830, 
Robina Mary, youngest daughter of Alexander Millar, Montrose. 

DONALDSON, GEORGE HAY. 14th November 1833. 

Apprentice to John Gibson, Juur. — Son of Stuart Donaldson, Merchant in London. 
Born 22d April 1810. Died 1st May 1872. Mar. 4th September 1844, Emma 
de Bois, youngest daughter of James Russell, Entwood Court, Staffordshire. 

DONALDSON, HAY. 9th July 1802. 

Apprentice to John Moir. — Third son of Hay Donaldson, Town-Clerk of Hadding- 
ton. Died 30th September 1823. 

DONALDSON, JOHN, of Auchairne. 10th March 1808. 

Apprentice to Vans Hathorn. — Only son of the Eev. William Donaldson, minister 
of Ballantrae. Died 17th October 1849, aged 69. Mar. 29th March 1813, 
Margaret, only daughter of John Ure, one of the Magistrates of Glasgow, 



LIST OF MEMBEES 57 

DONALDSON, ROBERT. 26th June 1769. 

Apprentice to Thomas Brodie. — Eldest son of George Donaldson, Sheriff-Clerk of 
Nairn. Died 27th August 1796. Mar. April 1767, Helen, only daughter of 
John Grant, W.S. 

DOUGAL, DAVID. 16th January 1888. 

Apprentice to William C. M'Ewen. — Son of Alexander Dougal, Linlithgow. 
Bcn-n Uth April 1864. 

DOUGLAS, ALEXANDER. 6th April 1630. 

Apprentice to Robert Pringle. — Mar. 30th June 1629, Agnes Pringle. 

DOUGLAS, ALEXANDER. 1st July 1808. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Third son of Dr. Christopher Douglas, Physician 
in Kelso. Born 19th June 1780. Died 1st July 1851. Mar. 20th March 1810, 
Janet Hardie, second daughter of Robert Bow, Merchant in Edinburgh. Fiscal, 
1844-51. 

DOUGLAS, ALEXANDER SHOLTO. 16th November 1854. 

Apprentice to John Dundas, William Wilson, and Alexander M. Bell. — Son of 
Alexander Douglas, W.S. Born 27th November 1829. 3Iar. 16th December 
1858, Helen M'Caul, daughter of John Forrester, W.S. 

DOUGLAS, CHRISTOPHER, of Chesterhouse. 13th November 1834. 

Apprentice to James and John Dundas. — Eldest son of Alexander Douglas, W.S. 
Bm-n 13th February 1811. 

DOUGLAS, DAVID. 15th December 1825. 

Apprentice to Robert Rutherford. — Third son of James Douglas, Writer in 
Dunfermline. Died 6th September 1886. Mar. 26th December 1838, Margaret 
Lawson, second daughter of Charles Hill of Luthrie, Fifeshire. 

DOUGLAS, JOHN. , 4th December 1794. 

Apprentice to John Gordon. — Son of John Douglas of Burnhouse. Bom 1768. 
Died 6th January 1854, unmarried. 

DOUGLAS, JOHN BROWN. 7th March 1833. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, William Douglas, W.S. — Bm-n 25th August 1809. 
Died 28th April 1880. Mar. 22d January 1846, Mary Ann, second daughter of 
John Turner of Turnerhall, Aberdeenshire. 

DOUGLAS, JOHN BROWN. 17th July 1879. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Brown Douglas, W.S. — Bom 30th May 1 852. Mar. 
1st June 1882, Emma Jane, daughter of Thomas Overy West, Seven-Score, Kent. 

DOUGLAS, WALTER. 8th January 1666. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Alexander Douglas, W.S. 

H 



BS THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET 

DOUGLAS, WILLIAM. 23d November 1802. 

Apprentice to Bain Whyt. — Son of Archibald Douglas, S.S.C., Edinburgh. Born 
26th February 178L Died 16th July 1841. Mar. 15th December 1806, Anna, 
daughter of John Brown, Hamilton. 

DOW, JOHN. 7th July 1808. 

Apprentice to James Hay. — Eldest son of Lieutenant Archibald Dow, Royal 
Navy. Died 25th October 1827. Mar. 11th July 1820, Margaret, eldest daughter 
of William Russell, Glasgow. 

DRUMMOND, ALEXANDER. Uth November 1684. 

Apprentice to James Hay. — Son of Alexander Dnimmond, Bailie of Cockenzie. 
Bied December 1694. Mar. Elizabeth Balfour. 

DRUMMOND, SIR FRANCIS WALKER, of Hawthornden, Baet. 23d June 1807. 

■Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Walker, W.S. — Born 9th June 1781. 

Bkd 29th February 1844. Mar. 4th January 1810, Margaret, only daughter of 

Captain Sir John Forbes Drummond of Hawthornden, Bart., when he assumed 

her name and arms. Succeeded his father-in-law as second Baronet, in terms of 

patent 23d May 1829. 
DRUMMOND, JAMES. 8th October 1705. 

Apprentice to Ronald Campbell. — Died 1718. Mar. Violet, daughter of Thomas 

Bordlands. 

DRUMMOND, JAMES, of Comrie. 1st August 1788. 

Apprentice to Thomas Tod. — Eldest son of Patrick Drummond of Comrie, Perth- 
shire. Died 1st February 1800. Mar. 1st August 1792, Eliza, daughter of John 
Summers, Writer, Edinburgh. 

DRUMMOND, JAMES. 2d November 1881. 

Apprentice to William Alexander Maclaren. — Son of the Rev. James Drummond, 
Irvine. Born 9th April 1858. 

DRUMMOND, JOHN FORBES WALKER. 16th November 1843. 

Apprentice to, and third son of, Sir Francis Walker Drummond of Hawthornden, 
Bart., W.S.—Born 19th January 1819. Mar. 11th September 1866, Emma 
Louisa, younger daughter of Butler Edmond Thornton of Skerton and Whitting- 
ton, Lancashire. 

DRYSDALE, SIR WILLIAM, of Pitteuchar, Knight. 2d March 1804. 

Apprentice to James Buchan. — Son of William Drysdale of Pitteuchar, Fife. 
Bom 1776. Died 4th June 1843. Mar. (!) 30th October 1809, Jane, only 
daughter of Rev. Alexander Fleming, D.D., Minister of Hamilton ; and (2) 7th 
September 1813, Jane, only child of Thomas Cochrane, M.D., Edinburgh; and 
(3) 7th November 1820, Elizabeth, daughter of John Pew of Hillowtown, Kirk- 
cudbright, and widow of William Copland of Colliston, Dumfriesshire. 



LIST or MEMBERS nnt^P ?!fFT 59 

DUCAT, JAMES STEWART. IStli November 1830. 

Apprentice to Warren Hastings Sands. — Son of Charles Ducat of FuUarton. 
Died 10th April 1853, aged 50. Mar. 9th September 1834, Catherine, daughter 
of James Steele, Surgeon, 5 2d Regiment. 

DUDGEON, JOHN. 28th May 1819. 

Apprentice to (1) James Gilchrist; and (2) David Welsh. — Fourth son of John 
Dudgeon, Merchant in Leith. Born 11th August 1796. Died 30th August 1887. 
Mar. 22d October 1822, Isabella, daughter of John Falconer, Merchant in Glasgow. 

DUDGEON, PATRICK, of East Craig. 18th December 1823. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Eldest son of John Dudgeon of East Craig, East- 
Lothian. Died 10th October 1846, aged 48. Mar. 2d June 1822, Jane Alex- 
andrina, eldest daughter of Lieut.-Colonel Alexander Duncan, H.E.I.C.S. 

DUFF, ALEXANDER. 30th January 1823. 

Apprentice to ^neas Macbean. — Fourth son of Patrick Duff, Sheriff-Clerk of 
Elginshire. Died 24th September 1854, aged 54, unmarried. Author of a 
Treatise on Feudal Conveyancing, 1838, and other legal works. Admitted Advo- 
cate, 9th December 1848. Presenter of Signatures, 1847-54. 

DUFF, JOHN DUNBAR. 14th April 1884. 

Apprentice to John Ross. — Son of Captain Duff, Glen-Arthur, Duddingston. Bm'n 
27th November 1854. Assistant Clerk and Extractor to the Signet, 1885-89. 

DUFF, LACHLAN. 

See Gordon, Lachlan Duff. 

DUFF, PATRICK 23d July 1745. 

Apprentice to Alexander Stevenson of Montgreenan. — Son of John Duff, Mer- 
chant in Elgin. Died 1765. Mar. Grizel Balfour, sister of Sir Patrick Balfour. 

DUFF, WILLIAM. 12th August 1799. 

Apprentice to Robert Donaldson. — Youngest son of Major Alexander Duff. Died 
19th September 1809. 

DUMBRECK, JOHN. 2d December 1824. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie. — Eldest son of William Dumbreck, South Coatts, 
Edinburgh. Born 1799. Died 3d November 1854. Mar. 10th November 1829, 
daughter of Charles Kinnear, Fingask. 

DUN, ANDREW. 31st May 1827. 

Apprentice to (1) John Campbell and James Amot; and (2) John Campbell, 
Junior. — Son of Andrew Dun, Rector of the Grammar School, Aberdeen. Died 
20th February 1854, aged 50. Mar. (1) Mary Ann Leslie, daughter of John 
Rutherford of Hunthill; and (2) 26th July 1841, Mary Isabella, daughter of 
Thomas Selby, Ipswich. >■ ir^; i- ■ 



60 THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

DUNBAR, ALEXANDER. 29th December 1682. 

Apprentice to Alexander Home. — Son of Mr. James Dunbar, Minister of Abbey 
St. Bathans. 

DUNBAR, ARCHIBALD. 25th November 1 796. 

Apprentice to John Innes. — Youngest son of William Dunbar of Netherbankie. 
Died 19th June 1809. 

DUNBAR, KEITH. 19th December 1767. 

Apprentice to Colquhoun Grant — Second son of Sir William Dunbar of Durn, 
Banffshire. Died 18th April 1799, unmarried. Depute Clerk of Session, 14th 
June 1780 till death. 

DUNBAR, RONALD. 27th January 1729. 

Apprentice to Ronald Campbell. — Died 23d December 1753. Mar. December 
1729, Margaret, daughter of Ronald Campbell of Balerno, W.S. Appointed Clerk 
of the General Register of Hornings 9th March 1728. Agent for City of Edin- 
burgh. Fiscal, 1734-1753. 

DUNBAR, WILLLAH. 4th July 1769. 

Apprentice to Thomas Brodie. — Third son of Alexander Dunbar of Boath, Nairn- 
shire. Died 18th February 1807, unmarried. 

DUNCAN, ALEXANDER. 25th November 1765. 

Apprentice to James Graham. — Third son of Alexander Duncan, Clerk of Dundee. 
Died 10th November 1821. Mar. November 1768, Mary, daughter of John 
Simpson of Brunton, Fifeshire. 

DUNCAN, ANDREW JOHN. 11th July 1837. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Son of Andre^v Duncan, residing in Glasgow. Born 
24th June 1814. Died June 1848, unmarried. 

DUNCAN, GEORGE. 19th November 1708. 

Apprentice to Ronald Campbell. — Died about 1724. Mar. 31st December 1708, 
Helen, daughter of James Balfour, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

DUNCAN, JAMES. 17th February 1825. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Son of James Duncan, residing in Falkirk. B(mi 
1797. Died 27th September 1874. Mar. 30th August 1842, Christina, only 
daughter of John Duncan, Edinburgh. 

DUNCAN, JAMES BARKER. 14th November 1866. 

Apprentice to, and son of, James Duncan, W.S. — Born 25th May 1843. Mar. 3d 
April 1873, Louisa Janet, fourth daughter of Alexander Brodie, Stirling. 

DUNCAN, JOHN. 27 th June 1833. 

Apprentice to James Farquhar Gordon. — Son of John Duncan, residing in Princes 
Street, Edinburgh. Born 23d November 1806. Mar. 17th September 1839, 
Janet, youngest daughter of Thomas Metcalf, Edinburgh. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 61 

DUNCAN, WILLIAM. 8th July 1822. 

Apprentice to Robert Gargill. — Son of John Duncan, Manufacturer in Kirkcaldy. 
Born 1794. Died 16th October 1837. Mar. 1820, Sylvester Ramsay. 

DUNCAN, WILLIAM THREIPLAND. 16th July 1888. 

Apprentice to (1) E. C. Cuningham; and (2) J. R. Anderson and W. H. Murray. 
—Son of William Duncan of Danevale, S.S.C. B(yrn 1st December 1859. 

DUNDAS, JAMES HAMILTON. 9th July 1829. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Second son of Gabriel Hamilton Dundas, of Dud- 
dingston, Linlithgowshire. Died 7th October 1851, aged 45, unmarried. 

DUNDAS, JAMES, of Ochtertyre. 28th November 1791. 

Apprentice to James Robertson- Barclay. — Third son of Ralph Dundas, Merchant 
in Edinburgh. Born 1752. Died 2d April 1831. Mar. 16th October 1794, 
Elizabeth, third daughter of James Graham of Airth. Deputy Director in Chancery. 

DUNDAS, JOHN. 11th December 1769. 

Apprentice to Charles Brown. — Son of James Dundas, of Philipstoun, Linlithgow- 
shire, Advocate. Died 4th May 1816. 3far. Katherine Smith. 

DUNDAS, JOHN. 29th June 1826. 

Apprentice to Ralph James Dundas. — Fifth son of James Dundas, W.S. Born 
19th December 1803. Died 27th May 1873. 3for. Jemima Christian, fifth 
daughter of Day Hort Macdowall of Walkinshaw, Renfrewshire. 

DUNDAS, JOHN, of Newhalls. 31st March 1712. 

Apprentice to James Anderson. — Fifth son of John Dundas ol Duddingston, 
West-Lothian. Died 22d April 1769, aged 87. Mar. Christian, daughter of 
Adam Mure of Blackball. Fiscal, 1723-25. Lyon Depute from 1st February 
1728 to 1744. Presenter of Signatures. 

DUNDAS, RALPH. 19th March 1868. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Dundas, W.S. — Born 22d October 1843. Mar. 
30th March 1869, Emily Bridget, elder daughter of Robert Robertson of 
Auchleeks, Perthshire. 

DUNDAS, RALPH JAMES. 25th June 1819. 

Apprentice to William Wilson. — Eldest son of James Dundas, W.S. Born 21st 
August 1795. Died 26th April 1824. 

DUNDAS, SIR ROBERT, of Beechwood, Bart. 24th November 1785. 

Apprentice to James Balfour. — Only son of the Rev. Robert Dundas, Minister of 
Humbie. Born 30th June 1761. Died 26th December 1835. Mar. 20th July 
1798, Matilda, daughter of Archibald Cockburn, Baron of Exchequer. Principal 
Clerk of Session, 14th June 1817 to 31st December 1830. Deputy Keeper of 
Sasines. Clerk of the Bills, 1820. Deputy to the Lord Privy Seal. Succeeded 
his uncle. General Sir David Dundas, Bart. 



69 THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET 

DUNDAS, WILLIAM JOHN. 13th July 1871. 

Apprentice to John Dundas and WilUam Wilson. — Fourth son of George Dundas, 
Advocate, one of the Senators of the College of Justice. Bom 16th March 1849. 

DUNLOP, ALEXANDER. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. Mar. 4th May 1608, Elizabeth Seton. 

DUNLOP, ANDREW, of Barnhill. 19th November 1835. 

Apprentice to Hugh Macqueen. — Son of Thomas Dunlop, residing at Barnhill, 
near Glasgow. Bom 23d May 1809. Died 30th October 1857. Mar. 23d July 
1839, Jane Marion, only daughter of Archibald Ronaldson, Leith. 

DUNLOP, GEORGE. 23d June 1807. 

Apprentice to David Balfour. — Second son of James Dunlop of Garnkirk, 
Lanarkshire. Bom 6th February 1776. Died 6th December 1852. 3Iar. 2d 
September 1807, Isobel, second daughter of William Simpson of Ogle. 

DUNLOP, GEORGE. 26th December 1873. 

Apprentice to Anthony Murray. — Son of George Dunlop, and grandson of George 
Dunlop, W. S. Bm-n 26th February 1849. Mar. 5th August 1875, Georgie Isabella, 
eldest daughter of Robert Bogle Blackburn, Advocate, Sheriff of Stirlingshire. 

DUNLOP, JAMES, of Macnairston. 9th March 1813. 

Apprentice to John Farrier. ^ — Eldest son of George Dunlop of Macnairston, Ayr- 
shire. Died 16th August 1847, aged 66, unmarried. 

DUNLOP, ROBERT. 5th July 1821. 

Apprentice to William Patrick. — Son of Robert Dunlop, Merchant in Irvine. 
Died 5th July 1847, aged 50. Mar. 4th March 1822, Helen Straton, only child 
of Dr. James Dunbar Mudie, Physician in Alford, Lincolnshire. 

DUNSMURE, JOHN. 17th May 1832. 

Apprentice to David Cleghom. — Son of James Dunsmure, Secretary to the 
Commissioners of the British White Herring Fishery. Born 16th September 
1808. Died 29th September 1864. Mar. 3d July 1845, Jane Margaretta, fourth 
daughter of Robert Bourne, Camdenville, New South Wales. 

DUTHIE, WALTER. 10th March 1817. 

Apprentice to William Handyside. — Son of Alexander Duthie, Advocate in 
Aberdeen. Born 1795. Died 30th September 1868. 

DYKES, WILLIAM. 4th June 1690. 

Apprentice to WiUiam Thomson, yr. — Died before 1700. 

DYKES, WILLIAM SHEDDEN. 12th April 1886. 

Apprentice to James Bruce and Thomas Kerr. — Son of the Rev. Thomas Dykes, 
D.D., Minister of Ayr. Bom 18th June 1860. Mar. 30th July 1889, Flora, 
youngest daughter of Alexander Maclean Hunter, sometime of Balla Balla, Cran- 
boume, Australia. ...i.i •, •, • -• ■ 



LIST OF MEMBEBS 68 

DYMOCK, JOHN. 22d June 1826. 

Apprentice to, and son of, William Dymock, W.S.—Bied 17th February 1841. 
Mar. 14th July 1831, Margaret, eldest daughter of John Waugh. 

DYMOCK, WILLIAM. 10th July 1811. 

Apprentice to (1) Samuel Macknight ; and (2) Henry Moncreiff — Died 3d June 
1826. Mar. Helen Maclean. 

DYMOCK, WILLIAM M'LEAN. 22d February 1838. 

Apprentice to, and son of, William Dymock, W.^.—Bom 27th March 1800. Died 
12th June 1848. Mar. 12th June 1838, Margaret, daughter of Charles Watson, 
Edinburgh. 

EASTON, JAMES. 6th June 1815. 

Apprentice to James Home. — Second son of Robert Easton of Strathmiln. 
Died 24th April 1820. 

EASTON, JOHN, of Coustoune. 

Commissioner, 1st June 1607. Died 25th January 1616. Mar. Margaret Cant. 

EDGAR, JOHN, of Bridgelands. 2d July 1771. 

Apprentice to Charles Brown. — Eldest son of Peter Edgar of Bridgelands, Mid- 
Lothian. Died 8th July 1799, unmarried. 

EDGAR, THOMAS. 

Signs the Acts 28th December 1627. Died 1655. Mar. 11th November 1647, 
Beatrix Maxwell. Clerk to the Incorporation of Chirurgeons, 1619. 

EDMONSTOUN, WILLIAM, of Glass. 14th July 1701. 

Apprentice to Charles Row. — Died 6th September 1722. Mar. 3d August 1699, 
Isabella, daughter of John Nasmyth. 

ELDER, JAMES. 25th January 1855. 

Apprentice to George Dalziel. — Third son of George Elder, Farmer, Grange, 
Banffshire. Bom 29th July 1818. Died 1st April 1876. Mar. 24th June 1854, 
Susan Mary, youngest daughter of Captain James Macdonald, 61st Regiment. 

ELDER, JOHN. 8th February 1816. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie. — Eldest son of John Elder, Depute Clerk of Session. 
Barn 3d April 1790. Died 9th February 1869. Mm: 10th October 1849, Jane 
Gibbs, only daughter of William Campbell, Merchant, Oporto. 

ELDER, JOHN. 28th June 1878. 

Apprentice to W. J. Menzies and H. J. Coventry. — Son of John Elder, W.S. 
Bom 28th July 1854. Mar. 24th February 1886, Mary Robertson, daughter of 
Alexander Henderson, Montreal, Canada. 



64 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

ELIES, THOMAS. 19th September 1697. 

Apprentice to James Anderson. — Son of James Elies of Southside, Mid-Lothian. 
Died 8th March 1709. Mar. (1) Janet, daughter of Francis Scott, Keeper of the 
Minute-Book ; and (2) Helen Hay. 

ELLIOT, COKNELIUS, of Wolflee. 3d July 1758. 

Apprentice to William Budge. — Son of William Elliot of Wolflee, Roxburghshire, 
Writer in Edinburgh. Born April 1732. Died 9th February 1821. Mar. 8th 
August 1765, Margaret, daughter of James Rannie. 

ELLIOT, JAMES, of Wolflee. 10th July 1798. 

Apprentice to, and youngest son of, Cornelius Elliot, W.S. — Bwn 29th February 
1772. Died 2d February 1855. Mar. (1) 9th September 1799, Caroline, 
daughter of Walter Hunter of Polmood, Peeblesshire ; and (2) 17th January 1827, 
Margaret, daughter of Robert Davidson of Pinnacle Hill, Roxburghshire. 

ELLIOT, JOHN. 14th April 1694. 

Apprentice to Andrew Baillie. — Son of Mr. Robert Elliot, Minister. Died 

October 1699. Mar. November 1691, Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. James Fithie. 

Granted £100 Scots on 7th August 1699, to take him to the Scots Colony of 
Darien. 

-ELLIOT-BATES, REV. JOHN ELPHINSTONE, of Millbourne. 11th July 1833. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Fourth son of James Elliot of Wolflee, W.S. Born 
27th May 1810. Died 1st January 1890. 3Iar. 8th March 1843, Georgina, third 
daughter of Colonel Ralph Bates, which name he assiuned. Rector of Whalton, 
Northumberland. 

ELLIOT, WILLIAM SCOTT, of Arkleton. 13th June 1833. 

Apprentice to (1) George Lyon ; and (2) William Bell. — Son of Adam Scott of 
Arkleton, Merchant in Leith. Born 22d March 1811. Mar. 6th March 1848, 
Margaret, daughter of Lewis A. Wallace, Architect, Edinburgh. 

ELLIS, ADAM GIB. 9th December 1817. 

Apprentice to William Dymock.— Son of William Ellis, S.S.C. Born 1794. Died 
13th May 1864. Mar. 8th August 1823, Catherine, third daughter of Major 
David Robertson, Edinburgh. Fiscal, 1851-64. 

ELLIS, ROBERT. 29th May 1828. 

Apprentice to Adam Gib Ellis. — Son of William Ellis, S.S.C, Edinburgh. Died 
18th July 1868, aged 72. 3far. 16th July 1829, Margaret Gillespie, eldest 
daughter of the Rev. Dr. Mitchell, Newtonhill. 

ELLIS, WILLIAM. 15th November 1860. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Robert Ellis, W.S.— J5or» 22d July 1830. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 65 

ELPHINSTONE, SIR JAMES, of Logie, Bart. 16th August 1671. , 

Apprentice to Archibald Nisbet. — Son of William Elphinstone of Ressaviot. Died 
10th March 1722, aged 78. Mar. 2d September 1673, Cecilia, daughter of John 
Denholm of Muirhouse. Created a Baronet 2d December 1701, "for his pure 
zeall to King William's Government." Commissary of Edinburgh, 1696 ; Joint 
Keeper of the Signet, 1691-1696 j M.P. Aberdeenshire, 1693-1702. 

ERSKINE, DAVID. 18th June 1764. 

Apprentice to (1) Hew Crawford, and (2) James Robertson-Barclay.— Fourth son 
of John Erskine of Carnock and Cardross, Advocate. Died at Naples 5th April 
1791. Mar. 29th April 1781, Ann, daughter of William Graham of Airth. 

ERSKINE, DAVID, of Cardross. 8th July 1796. 

Apprentice to David Erskine and James Dundas. — Fourth son of James Erskine 

of Cardross, Perthshire. Born 10th January 1772. Died i9iih. November 1847. 

Mar. 5th September 1803, Hon. Keith Elphinstone, fourth daughter of John, 

eleventh Lord Elphinstone. 
ERSKINE, ROBERT. 16th August 1700. 

Apprentice to Robert Watson. — Died before 1715. 

ESSON, GEORGE AULDJO. 24th March 1873. 

Apprentice to T. G. Murray, and J. A. Jamieson. — Eldest surviving son of George 
Auldjo Esson, C.A. Bom 25th January 1849. 

ESSON, THOMAS SKENE. 27th January 1882. 

Apprentice to Frederick Pitman. — Second surviving son of George Auldjo Esson, 
C.A. Bwn 29th January 1858. Mar. 12th September 1889, Elizabeth Reid, 
youngest daughter of James S. Fleming, Cashier, Royal Bank of Scotland. 

EWART, JOHN. 20th October 1884. 

Apprentice to John Tumbull. — Eldest son of James Ewart of Southland, New 
Zealand. Born 8th September 1852. 

EWART, THEODOSIUS FORREST. 16th November 1837. 

Apprentice to William Grierson. — Son of David Ewart, Depute-Clerk of Chancery. 

Born 30th September 1813. Died 16th April 1848, unmarried. Assistant Clerk 

of Chancery, 1837-48. 
EWART, THOMAS. 2l8t November 1815. 

Apprentice to Sir Henry Jardine. — Son of David Ewart, Deputy-Clerk of 

Chancery. Di^d at Charleston 6th March 1831. Mar. 16th September 1828, 

Alicia, daughter of Thomas Yorstoun, Chamberlain to the Duke of Queensberry. 
-» Struck off Roll 15th February 1830. 
EWING, JOHN, OF Craigtoun. 21st July 1704. 

Apprentice to John Cuninghame of Enterkin. — Son of Walter Ewing, W.S. 

Died 31st October 1733. Mar. 25th August 1698, Margaret, daughter of John 

Rowan of Bedland. 

I 



66 THE SOCIETY OF WKITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

EWING, WALTER. 16th October 1658. 

Apprentice to John Semple. — Son of Ewing of Keppoch, Dumbartonshire. 

Bied before 1674. 3Iar. 1st December 1665, Mary, eldest daughter of 

Bryson of Craigtoun. Ee-admitted 11th July 1661. 

FALCONEE, JAMES. 14th April 1884. 

Apprentice to Thomas Jarron Gordon. — Son of Donald Falconer, residing at 
Carmyllie, Forfarshire. Bom 9th June 1856. 

FALL, GEOEGE. 24th December 1708. 

Apprentice to Thomas Pringle. — Died 1726. Under-Keeper of the Signet, 2d 
January 1710. 

FAEQUHAR, AETHUE. 1st July 1837. 

Apprentice to John Donaldson, and William Campbell of Queenshill. — Son of 
James Farquhar, Surgeon in the Eoyal Navy. Bom 15th March 1813. Died 
13th September 1887, unmarried. 

FAEQUHAE, JOHN GEAY, of Gilmillscroft. 2d March 1826. 

Apprentice to (1) John Bowie, and (2) George Dunlop. — Son of Lieut-Colonel 
James Gray Farquhar, of Gilmillscroft, Ayrshire. Bom 1803. Died 5th July 
1836, unmarried. 

FAEQUHAESON, ALEXANDER 26th July 1703. 

Apprentice to Alexander Alisone. — Died 16th April 1734. Mar. Helen Mar- 
shall. 

FAEQUHAESON, CHAELES, of Inverey and Achlossan. 8th November 1708. 

Apprentice to Sir James Elphinstone. — Son of John Farquharson of Inverey, 
Aberdeenshire. Died unmarried. 

FAEQUHAESON, GEOEGE. 2d March 1826. 

Apprentice to Vans Hathom. — Only son of Thomas Farquharson of Howden. 
Died 13th July 1844, aged 50, unmarried. 

FAEQUHAESON, JAMES, of Whitehouse. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. Second son of Donald Farquharson of 
Castleton of Braemar. Ee-admitted 15th Febraary 1661. Died 1666. Mar. 
(1) Miss Hay, whose father was a lawyer in Edinburgh; and (2) Ann, daughter 
of Colonel Gardyne, of the Eussian Service. 

FEEGUS, JAMES. 4th July 1769. 

Apprentice to William Eraser. — Son of John Fergus, Merchant in Edinburgh, 

killed by the falling of the North Bridge, 3d August 1769. Alar. Susan Free- 
bairn. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 67 

FEEGUSON, SIE ADAM, Knight. 23d November 1795. 

Apprentice to (1) Lawrence Hill, and (2) Harry Davidson. — Son of Adam 
Ferguson, Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh. Born 
21st December 1770. Died 25th December 1854. Mar. 16th April 1821, 
Margaret, daughter of John Stewart of Stenton, and widow of George Lyon 
of Bucklersberry. Collector of Widows' Fund, 1803-5. Captain, 101st Foot, 
February 1808 ; served during Peninsula. Knighted 1822. 

FEEGUSON, JOHN. 28th January 1836. 

Apprentice to David Welsh. — Son of James Ferguson, residing at Bennington. 
Bom 24th March 1814. Died 8th November 1865, unmarried. 

FERGUSON, THOMAS. 16th June 1807. 

Apprentice to James Thomson. — Second son of James Ferguson of Kinmundy, 
Aberdeenshire. Barn 17th April 1768. IMed 28th May 1828. Mar. 9th 
September 1802, Catherine, second daughter of James Cumine of Kininmonth. 

FERGUSON, THOMAS. 22d June 1819. 

Apprentice to Thomas Ferguson, his uncle. — Third son of James Ferguson of 
Kinmundy. Born 21st July 1794. Died 30th January 1831. Mar. 6th October 
1828, Barbara, second daughter of James Hutchison, Merchant, Peterhead. 

FERGUSON, WELLWOOD ROBERTSON. 16th July 1888. 

Apprentice to William Ferguson and J. C. Junner. — Son of William Ferguson, 
W.S. Born 25th April 1865. 

FERGUSON, WILLIAM. 11th March 1818. 

Apprentice to William Gracie. — Only son of Walter Ferguson, Candlemaker in 
Edinburgh. Bom 2d September 1786. Died 15th March 1849. Mar. 18th 
August 1815, Margaret, daughter of William Auchie, Edinburgh. 

FERGUSON, WILLIAM. 17th July 1851. 

Apprentice to Smith and Kinnear. — Son of William Ferguson, W.S. Born 25th 
January 1829. Died 24th January 1887. Mar. 21st August 1855, Elizabeth 
Eobertson, daughter of Rev. William Glendonwyn Crosbie, Minister of Parton, 
Kirkcudbrightshire. 

FEEGUSSON, HENRY DUNCAN. 15th February 1844. 

Apprentice to Walker, Richardson, and Melville. — Sixth son of Sir James 
Ferguson of Kilkerran, Bart. Bom 30th September 1817. Died 2 2d October, 
1866. Mar. 16th June 1846, Anna, daughter of Eobert Nasmyth, F.E.C.S., 
Edinburgh. 

FEEGUSSON, JAMES. 7th June 1797. 

Apprentice to Alexander Keith. — Son of John Fergusson, Coppersmith in 
Edinburgh. Died 26th May 1811. Mar. 12th January 1800, Isabella Anderson. 



68 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

FERGUSSON, JAMES. 24th May 18U. 

Apprentice to Joseph Cauvia — Third son of Neil Fergusson of Woodhill, Perth- 
shire, Advocate. Born 1793. Died 19th May 1850, unmarried. 

FERGUSSON, JOHN. 6th June 1707. 

Died 1726. 

FERGUSSON, JOSEPH GILLON, of Isle. 16th November 1871. 

Apprentice to Alexander Maconochie Hare. — Son of Robert Don Gillon Fergusson 
of Isle, Dumfriesshire. Born 14th January 1848. 3Iar. 24th January 1882, 
Edith Mary Scott, daughter of James Scott Elliot of Blackwood, Dumfriesshire. 

FERGUSSON, SAMUEL ROBERT, of Middlehaugii. 24th June 1835. 

Apprentice to James Hope. — Son of James Fergusson of Middlehaugh, Perth- 
shire. Born 29th May 1812. Died 26th September 1890. 3Iar. 21st April 
1852, Janet, second daughter of Hugh Watson, Keillor, Forfarshire. 

FERRIE, THOMAS BROWN. 25th November 1824. 

Apprentice to Robert Strachan. — Son of Alexander Ferrie, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Died 10th February 1860, aged 58. Mar. Jessie Dickson. 

FERRIER, ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL. 8th July 1796. 

Apprentice to (1) David Erskine, and (2) James Dundas. — Second son of James 
Ferrier, W.S. Bom 15th August 1773. Died 25th December 1814. Mar. 20th 
January 1800, Catherine, eldest daughter of Francis Garden, Merchant, Greenock. 

FERRIER, JAMES. 3d July 1770. 

Apprentice to Archibald Campbell of Succoth. — Third son of John Ferrier of 
Kirkland, Renfrewshire, and his wife Grizel, daughter and heiress of Sir William 
Sandilands Hamilton, Bart., of Westport and Belsyde, Linlithgowshire. Boiti 
1744. Died 18th January 1829. 3Iar. February 1767, Helen, daughter of 
Robert Coutts, Montrose. Principal Clerk of Session, 25th May 1802 to 22d 
June 1826. Father of Susan Edmonstone Farrier, novelist. 

FERRIER, JOHN. 24th February 1794. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Ferrier, W.S. — Bom 25th October 1771. 
Died 23d November 1857. Mar. 4th May 1804, Margaret, daughter of John 
Wilson, Merchant in Paisley. Deputy-Keeper of the Great Seal. 

FERRIER, JOHN WILSON. 21st November 1833. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Ferrier, W.S. — Barn 8th September 1810. Died 
13th December 1845, unmarried. 

FERRIER, THOMAS HENRY. 13th July 1848. 

Apprentice to John Mackenzie Lindsay. — Son of Walter Ferrier, W.S. Borti 
20th July 1822. Died 24th March 1887. Mar. 28th March 1871, Elizabeth, 
daughter of the Rev. Samuel Key, of Fulford Hall, Patron and Vicar of the 
parish of Fulford, Yorkshire. 



LIST 0¥ MEMBERS 69 

FERRIER, WALTER, of Toravon. 15th November ISIL 

Apprentice to John Ferrier, his brother. — Sixth and youngest son of James 
Ferrier, W.S. Bom 24th March 1784. Died 13th August 1856. Mar. 15th 
December 1818, Henrietta, only daughter of Thomas Gordon, Merchant in 
Dumfries. 

FIELD, HENRY. 14th March 1872. 

Apprentice to James Steuart. — Youngest son of the Rev. Edward Burch Field, 
of Moreland, Kinross-shire. Barn 28th May 1847. Mar. 24th October 1878, 
Joan Grassie, daughter of William Lawson, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 

FIELD, JAMES HAMILTON. 13th May 1869. 

Apprentice to John Brown Innes. — Eldest surviving son of the Rev. Edward B. 
Field of Moreland, Kinross-shire. Barn 15th November 1843. Died 9th January 
1879, unmarried. 

FINLAY, GILBERT LAURIE. - 8th February 1816. 

Apprentice to William Balderston. — Son of the Rev. William Finlay, Minister 
ofPolmont. i/mi 29th September 1792. ZJiec^ 1st April 1872. ilfar. 6th May 
1822, Grace Hunter, daughter of George Charles, M.D., Ayr. Manager of the 
Edinburgh Life Assurance Company. 

FINLAY, CHARLES PATRICK. 18th November 1858. 

Apprentice to John Scott and Sir John Gillespie. — Fourth son of Gilbert Laurie 
Finlay, W.S. Born 15th September 1833. Mar. 15th January 1861, Anne 
Arabella, eldest daughter of Major-General Robert Stewart, H.E.I.C.S. 

FINLAY, JOHN HOPE. 21st November 1867. 

Apprentice to Alexander Forsyth Adam and John Kirk. — Son of Charles Finlay, 
Assistant Clerk of Session. Born 13th January 1839. Mar. (1) 13th June 1878, 
Jane Bertram, daughter of Alexander Ronaldson, Glasgow; and (2) 13th September 
1883, Jane Ferguson, youngest daughter of Alexander Annandale and widow of 
Alexander Duncan. Keeper of the Register of Sasines, 1888. 

FINLAY, NINIAN JAMIESON. 25th May 1883. 

Apprentice to John Cowan and James A. Dalmahoy. — Son of William Finlay, 
M.D., Trinity. Bom 31st January 1858. 

FINLAY, ROBERT, of Wallyford. 8th July 1796. 

Apprentice to (1) Samuel Mitchelson, and (2) John Tait.— Eldest son of James 
Finlay of Wallyford. Died 1 1th April 1808. 

FINLAY, THOMAS, of Balchrystik. 24th May 1720. 

, Apprentice to John M'Farlane.— Son of James Finlay of Balchrystie, Fifeshire. 
Died June 1760. Attorney-at-law, Barbadoes. 



70 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

FINLAYSON, WALTER. 10th March 1813. 

Apprentice to Charles Bremner. — Son of William Finlayson, Depute-Clerk of the 

Bills. Died at Jamaica, 21st December 1841, aged 60, unmarried. Stipendiary 

Magistrate for district of Montego Bay, Jamaica. 
FISHER, JOHN. 22d February 1838. 

Apprentice to Walker, Richardson, and Melville. — Eldest son of Daniel Fisher, 

S.S.C. Bm-n 17th July 1814. 

FLEEMING, ROBERT. 5th May 1796. 

Apprentice to Francis Strachan. — Son of Robert Fleeming, Printer in Edinburgh. 
Died 26th July 1847, aged 76, unmarried. 

FLEMING, ALEXANDER. 13th November 1816. 

Apprentice to Sir William Drysdale. — Son of the Rev. Alexander Fleming, D.D., 
Minister of Hamilton. Born 1793. Died 27th July 1879. Mar. 14th March 
1850, Euphemia, daughter of David Scott, Farmer, Northfield, Mid-Lothian. 

FLEMING, HEW. 8th March 1726. 

Apprentice to Robert Hepburn. — Died March 1737. 

FLETCHER, ANGUS. 4th July 1822. 

Apprentice to John Archibald Campbell — Second son of Archibald Fletcher, 
Advocate. Died 6th March 1862, aged 63, unmarried. Relinquished the Legal 
profession and became a Sculptor in London. 

FLETCHER, ARCHIBALD, of Parkhill. 4th July 1783. 

Apprentice to William Wilson. — Son of Angus Fletcher, Poobale, Glenlyon, 
brother of Archibald Fletcher of Dunans. Born 1745. Died 20th December 
1828. Mar. 16th July 1791, Eliza, daughter of Miles Dawson, Tadcastle. Having 
been admitted Advocate 1791, struck off Roll of Society. 

FLETCHER, or FLESHEOUE, DAVID. 19th 1594. 

Brother of Robert Fletcher, Merchant Burgess, Dundee. Died about 1617. 

FLETCHER, WILLIAM. 11th April 1887. 

Apprentice to Robert Burt Ranken. — Fourth son of William Fletcher, Merchant 
in Elgin. Bom 12th June 1861. 

FORBES, ALEXANDER. 25th March 1635. 

Apprentice to John Baird. 

FORBES, ALEXANDER 6th December 1773. 

Apprentice to John Watson. — Son of James Forbes of Balfour. Died 1 799. 

FORBES, ALEXANDER. 20th July 1841. 

Apprentice to James Shepherd. — Son of the Rev. George Forbes, of Bleloch and 
Inverernan, Aberdeenshire. Born 8th October 1819. Died 1850, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 7> 

FORBES, ANDEEW. SdJuly 1792. 

Apprentice to John Eussell, junior. — Son of George Forbes, of Upper Boyndlie, 
Aberdeenshire. Died 5th May 1795. 

FORBES, ARTHUR, of Schives. 1st March 1697. 

Apprentice to Sir James Elphinstone of Logie. — Fourth son of Sir John Forbes, 
second Baronet of Craigievar. Bom 1669. Died 1726. Mar. Margaret Eraser. 

FORBES, ARTHUR. 

See Gordon, Arthur FoRBEa 

FORBES, WILLIAM. 19th August 1720. 

Apprentice to John Stewart. — Second son of Sir David Forbes of Newhall, Mid- 
Lothian. Died 29th April 1771. Mar. 3d August 1722, Ann, daiighter of James 
Nairn, one of the Bailies of Edinburgh. Fiscal, 8th November 1725. 

FORBES, WILLIAM, of Castleton. 17th November 1825. 

Apprentice to James Thomas. — Son of Robert Forbes of Castleton, Kincardine- 
shire. Born 1799. Died 7th August 1872. Mar. 28th August 1849, Jane Duff 
Grant, eldest daughter of Robert Watson, Banker, Forres. 

FORMAN, ALEXANDER GEORGE. 2d July 1868. 

Apprentice to (1) Edmund Baxter, and (2) John Naime Forman, his father. 
—Bm-n 17th April 1845. 

FORMAN, JAMES. 16th November 1784. 

Apprentice to Alexander Abercromby. — Son of James Forman, tenant in Blackdub, 
Stirling. Died 12th March 1824. 

FORMAN, JOHN, of Staffa. 9th July 1801. 

Apprentice to James Forman, his xmcle. — Eldest son of John Forman, Stirling. 
Bmi 26th September 1775. Died 4th December 1841. Mar. 29th May 1805, 
Hannah, daughter of the Rev. James Nairne, of Claremont, D.D., Minister of 
Pittenweem. 

FORMAN, JOHN. 30th November 1819. 

Apprentice to, and son of, James Forman, W.S. — Died 12th September 1821. 

FORMAN, JOHN NAIRNE, of Staffa. 22d November 1827. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Forman of Staffa, W.S. — Bom 6th April 1806. 
Died 30th January 1884. Mar. 16th October 1835, Jane, only daughter of Robert 
Mitchell of Airth, Stirlingshire. 

FORMAN, JOHN. - 13th November 1862. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Naime Forman, W.S. — Bom, 4th January 1838. 
Died 18th February 1882. Mar. 23d April 1872, Catherine, second surviving 
daughter of B. G. Cooper of Hazel Grove, Cheshire. 



Hi THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

FOEREST, JAMES. 25th June 1770. 

Apprentice to John Bell. — Third son of John Forrest, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Born 1744. Died 1st July 1820. Mar. 10th December 1776, Catherine, only 
daughter of James Forrest of Comiston, Mid-Lothian. 

FORREST, JOHN ARTHUR. 15th July 1884. 

Apprentice to John William Young and John Blair. — Third son of Lieut.- 
Colonel Sir William Forrest of Comiston, Bart. Born 10th January 1860. 

FORREST, THOMAS, of Kirkton. 23d November 1631. 

Apprentice to John Ker. — Died 2d January 1652. Mar. (1) Janet Hay, (2) 
Grizel Lockhart. 

FORRESTER, ANDREW. 14th November 1872. 

Apprentice to (1) J. C. Tait and H. H. Crichton, and (2) Donald Beith. — Son 
of William Forrester of Glenmiln, Stirlingshire. Bm-n 22d July 1839. Mar. 
1st September 1870, Margaret Crighton, daughter of Andrew Carmichael 
Haddow of Little Galla, Lanarkshire. 

FORRESTER, JOHN. 12th June 1823. 

Apprentice to Alexander Goldie. — Son of the Rev. Alexander Forrester, Minister 
of West Linton. £or» 3d March 1799. J'ied 11th September 1882. Mar. 8th 
September 1829, Lilieas, daughter of Robert Cowan, Surgeon, Glasgow. 

FORRESTER, WILLIAM 22d July 1682. 

Apprentice to Andrew Young. — Son of Mr. Alexander Forrester, one of the 
Ministers of the City of Edinburgh. Died October 1701. Mar. Rachel, daughter 
of David Balfour of Forret, one of the Senators of the College of Justice. 

FORSYTH, HENRY. 18th May 1837. 

Apprentice to (1) James Swan, and (2) Donald Home. — Son of Robert Forsyth, 
Advocate. Born 29th June 1814. Mar. 9th October 1846, Janet Spottiswoode, 
daughter of John Sawers of Bell's Mills. Procurator-Fiscal at Forfar, 1847-1864. 

FORTOUN, ROBERT. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606.— ifar. 14th May 1607, Margaret Gibson. 

FOTHERINGHAM, FREDERICK. 6th December 1791. 

Apprentice to Thomas Innes. — Son of Dr. Robert Fotheringham, Physician in 
Dundee. Died 16th December 1824. Mar. 

FOTHERINGHAM, FREDERICK. 17th November 1814. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson. — Fifth son of Alexander Ogilvy Fotheringham 
of Powrie, Forfarshire. Bom 1792. Died 15th January, 1877, unmarried. 

FOTHERINGHAM, HENRY. 23d November 1827. 

Apprentice to (1) William Berry, (2) Alexander Kettle, and (3) John Forman. — 
Eldest son of Henry Fotheringham, residing at the Inch, near Kincardine. Died 
17th March 1842, aged 43, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBEES "W 

FEANK, JOHN, of Bughtrig. 2(i January 1682. 

Fiscal, 1684-6. Treasurer, 1686-91. Advocate, 16th June 1691. Died 1699, 
aged 61. Mar. (1) 23d August 1674, Sarah Greer; and (2) 26th July 1690, 
Agnes, daughter of William Syme, Advocate. 

FEASEE, ALEXANDEE. 23d November 1795. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, James Fraser, W.S. — Died 9th September 1816. 

FEASER, ALEXANDEE DAVID. 10th March 1820. 

Apprentice to Charles Tawse. — Youngest son of Simon Fraser of Farraline, 
Inverness-shire. Born 1795. Died 6th October 1839, unmarried. 

FEASEE, ANDEEW. 22d November 1832. 

Apprentice to Eobert Roy. — Son of Angus Fraser, residing in Dornoch. Bmn 
31st May 1805. Died 15th June 1873. Mar. 23d June 1841, Janet, youngest 
daughter of Eobert Brown of Gilston. Sheriff-Substitute at Fort-William, 
1838-1873. 

FEASER, DONALD. 12th December 1796. 

Apprentice to James Ferrier. — Son of the Rev. Paul Fraser, Minister at Craig- 
neuk. Died 1802. 

FEASEE, HUGH, of Struy. ' 7th February 1822. 

Apprentice to James Eobertson. — Second son of Hugh Fraser, of Struy, 
Inverness-shire. Died 2d December 1866. 

FEASEE, JAMES, of Gortulleg. 29th July 1762. 

Apprentice to William Fraser, of Balnain. — Son of Thomas Fraser, younger 
of Gortulleg, Invemess-shire. Died 30th November 1805, aged 76, from injuries 
received by his carriage being upset. Mar. 19th January 1769, Jean, eldest 
daughter of Alexander Spalding of Holm, Kirkcudbrightshire. 

FEASEE, JAMES JOHN. 29th November 1821. 

Apprentice to Eobert Hill. — Son of Charles Fraser of Williamston, Aberdeen- 
shire. Bcmi 1801. Died 3d June 1839, unmarried. 

FEASER, JOHN, of Borlum. 29th June 1752. 

Apprentice to William Fraser. — Son of John Fraser, Merchant in Inverness. 
Died 17th August 1795, aged 84. Mar. (contract dated 30th October 1744) 
Jean, eldest daughter of David Brown of Golf Hall, Edinburgh. 

ERASER, SIMON, of Ford. 19th December 1767. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, William Fraser of Ford, W.S. — Died 25th 
September 1819. Mar. 2d March 1784, Janet Cruickshank, daughter of Captain 
Charles Douglas of Cliftonhall, Philadelphia. 

K 



c- 



74 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

FRASER, WILLIAM, of Balnain. 2d February 1736. 

Apprentice to (1) Hercules Scot ; and (2) Harry Maule. — Second son of Alexander 
_ Fraser of Balnain. Died 10th December 1775. Mar. November 1748, Jane, 
daughter of Archibald Macaulay of Ardencaple, Lord Provost of Edinburgh. 

FRASER, WILLIAM, of Ford. 11th March 1740. 

Apprentice to James Budge. — Son of William Fraser of Belforth. Died 3d 
March 1767. 3Iai: 1738, Julian, daughter of John Campbell of Lochdochart. 

FRASER, WILLIAM, of Glenmade. 21st June 1813. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Son of Luke Fraser of Glenmade, one of the 
Masters of the High School of Edinburgh. Bam 1786. Died 26th September 
1862. Mar. 30th April 1823, Bethia, daughter of Francis Taylor, Edinburgh. 

FRASER, WILLIAM, Younger of Culbookie. 10th February 1825. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie and William Innes. — Eldest son of AVilliam 
Fraser of Culbockie. Died 6th January 1829. Mar. 25th July 1826, Margaret, 
eldest daughter of David George Sandeman of Springland, Perthshire. 

FRASER, WILLIAM (Tertius). 20th November 1828. . 

Apprentice to Francis Wilson. — Son of William Fraser, Edinburgh. Born 27th 
November 1805. Died 8th April 1874. Afar. 17th July 1833, Margaret, youngest 
daughter of John Torrance, Writer in Hamilton. Town-Clerk of theCanongate. 

FRASER, WILLIAM STUART. 30th May 1861. 

Apprentice to, and son of, William Fraser (tertius), W.S. — Born 3d October 
1836. Mar. 14th April 1875, Annabella, youngest surviving daughter of George 
Brooke Nelson, Solicitor, Leeds. 

FREER, DAVID. 12th March 1788. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Second son of David Freer of Innernethy. 
Born 1761. Died 22d January 1837, unmarried. 

FRENCH, JOHN. 9th July 1829. 

Apprentice to James Swan. — Youngest son of James French, Burnhouse, Lanark- 
shire. Bom 9th May 1801. Died 16th September 1869. Mar. 30th January 
1841, Christian, daughter of John Cameron, Woodville, Murrayfield. 

FRENCH, JOHN, LL.B. 13th April 1886. 

Apprentice to George Robertson and John H. Finlay. — Son of John French, 
Merchant, Leith. Born 6th December 1859. 

FULLARTON, ADAM. 24th November 1686. 

Apprentice to John Muir. — Died about 1714. Mar. Agnes Scott. 

FULLARTON, ROBERT, of Bartoniiolm. 10th August 1705. 

Apprentice to Adam Fullarton. — Second son of George Fullarton of Fullarton and 
Dreghorn, Ayrshire. Died September 1754. Mar. 15th March 1716, Grizel, 
daughter of John Stuart of Ascog, Buteshire. 



LIST OF MEMBERS W 

FULLARTON, ROBERT, of Craighall. 18tli September 1714. 

Apprentice to Adam FuUarton. — Eldest sou of Robert Fiillarton of Graighall, 
Ayrshire. Died 23d March 1757. Mar. September 1713, Margaret, daughter of 
John Wallace, Merchant, Edinburgh. Comptroller of the Customs. 

FYFE, ALEXANDER. 20th August 1697. 

Apprentice to Colin Campbell of Carvvhiu. — Died 3d April 1718. Mar. 17th 
March 1696, Catherine Forbes, relict of George Watt, Writer, Edinburgh. Author 
of Tlie Royal Martyr, King Clmrles I. : an Opera, 1705. 

GAIRDNER, ROBERT. 

Signs Minute of 16th December 1594. 

GAIRDNER, THOMAS. 17th June 1816. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Cathcart; and (2) John Kermack. — Son of Captain 
Robert Gairdner of Mountcharles. Died 2d March 1860, aged 68. Mar. 16th 
August 1831, Marion Dalrymple, daughter of John Montgomery. 

GALBRAITH, DAVID STEUART, of JMachrichanisii. 27th May 1824. 

Apprentice to Norman Lockhart. — Second son of Daniel Galbraith, Fanner in 
Dunaltach. Bwn 9th October 1782. Died 27th December 1863. Mar. (1) 9th 
June 1812, Elizabeth, only daughter of James Eraser, R.N., Plymouth; (2) 12th 
May 1863, Elizabeth Alger. 

GALBRAITH, JAMES ERASER. 23d February 1844. 

Apprentice to James Stewart Ducat. — Eldest son of David Steuart Galbraith of 
Machrichanish, Argyllsliire, W.S. lt»rn 22d August 1813. Died 27th March 
1858. Mar. 1845, Cecilia Sarah De Lisle. 

GALBRAITH, WILLIAM, LL.B. 16th January 1888. 

Apprentice to William S. Fraser. — Son of Thomas Littlejohn Galbraith, Sheriff- 
Clerk of Stirlingshire. Bmi 22d October 1861. 

GARDINER, JAMES, of Haughhead. 22d January 1835. 

Apprentice to Alexander Dallas and Thomas Innes. — Son of the Rev. Matthew 
Gardiner, D.D., Minister of Bothwell. Bmt, 19th May 1811. Died 8th December 
1879. Mar. 16th October 1855, Charlotte, daughter of Louis Henry Ferrier of 
Belsyde, and widow of Sir John Egton Campbell of Auchinbreck, Bart. Sheriff- 
Substitute at Campbeltown, 1848-1879. 

GARDNER, ALEXANDER. 30th June 1789. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Eldest son of Alexander Gardner, Fanner at 
Reddoch, Stirlingshire. Died 1816. 

GARDNER, HAMILTON GRAY. 22d June 1837. 

Apprentice to John Hunter, jun. — Eldest son of Gilbert Ogilvy Gardner, residing 
in Edinbui-gh. ifor/i 26th May 1814. />*«? 25th February 1863, unmarried. 



76 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

GARDNER, JOHN. 21st December 1786. 

Apprentice to Isaac Grant. — Eldest son of Alexander Gardner, Jeweller in Edin- 
burgh. Died 1794. Attomey-at-law, Jamaica. 

GARDNER, PETER. 28th December 1868. 

Apprentice to Thomas G. Mackay and Alexander Howe. — Son of James Gardner, 
Orchardbank, near Perth. Born 14th November 1835. Mar. 13th April 1881, 
Georgiana Christian, daughter of James Swanston, Marshall Meadows, Berwick. 

GARDNER, WILLIAM. 22d February 1813. 

Apprentice to Sir James Gibson-Craig. — Second son of Alexander Gardner, 
Writer in Edinburgh. Bwn 1784. Died 11th June 1836, unmarried. 

GARDYNE, JAMES CARNEGY, of Finhaven. 11th December 1810. 

Apprentice to George Russell. — Second son of Thomas Camegy of Craigo, Forfar- 
shire. Bm-n 3d November 1785. Died 6th June 1864, unmarried. 

GARSON, WILLIAM. 18th March 1889. 

Apprentice to W. F. Skene and Lewis Bilton. — Son of George Garson, Strom- 
ness. Born 20th December 1855. 

6ARTSH0RE, JAMES, of Alderston. 6th October 1729. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton of Pencaitland. — Son of Mr. James Gartshore, 
Minister of Carmichael. Died 23d January 1774. Mar. (1) Jean, daughter of 
Sir Patrick Scott of Ancrum, and widow of David Muirhead of Linhouse ; and 
(2) June 1756, Helen, daughter of John Spottiswoode, Advocate. 

GENTLE, JAMES. 8th July 1823. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Son of James Gentle, S.S.C. Born 5th January 
1799. Died 5th October 1890, unmarried. 

GIBSON, SIR ALEXANDER, of Durie. 

Son of Sir Alexander Gibson of Duiie, one of the Senators of the College of 
Justice. Commissioner, 18th October 1631. Clerk of Council and Session, 25th 
July 1632. Knighted 15th March 1641. Lord Clerk Register, 13th November 
1641. Raised to the Bench 2d July 1646 ; deprived 13th February 1649. Dkd 
June 1656. Mar. Cecilia, daughter of Thomas Fotheringham of Powrie. 

GIBSON, ARCHIBALD. 4th January 1630. 

Apprentice to William Cunningham. — Died 1660. Mar. Rebecca Logan. 

GIBSON, ARCHIBALD. 29th June 1661. 

Apprentice to John Rowan. — Fourth son of Andrew Gibson, Burgess of Edin- 
burgh, and brother to Alexander Gibson, Dean of Bower. Died September 1666. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 77 

GIBSON, AECHIBALD. 5th July 1782. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cockbum. — Only son of Rev. John Gibson, Minister of St. 
Cuthbert's. Died 9th April 1845. Mar. (1) 22(1 September 1785, Grace, daughter 
of Thomas Hogg, Merchant in Edinburgh ; and (2) May 1817, Helen Blackie. 

GIBSON, HENRY GORDON. 29th May 1851. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, John Gibson, jun., W.S. — Born 20th March 
1827. Died Bfch February 1869. Mar. 21st June 1860, Elizabeth Murray, eldest 
daughter of Major J. M. Home, 36th Regiment. 

GIBSON, JAMES. 

See Craig, Sir James Gibson-. 

GIBSON, JAMES THOMAS, LL.B. 13th AprU 1885. 

Apprentice to Francis James Dewar. — Son of Robert Gibson, Merchant, Edin- 
burgh. Born 3d February 1859. 

GIBSON, JOHN. 19th November 1805. 

Apprentice to John Hunter. — Son of Alexander Gibson, Town-Clerk of Paisley. 
Died 1823. Mar. 4th December 1806, Agnes Mitchell, daughter of Ebenezer 
Mason, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

GIBSON, JOHN. 12th June 1818. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Archibald Gibson, W.S. — Born 1st February 
1789. Died 31st January 1879. Mar. (1) 21st July 1818, his cousin, Catherine, 
third daughter of John Dickson of Kilbucho, Peeblesshire, Advocate ; and (2) 
10th April 1849, Mary Ann Mazyck, second daughter of Paul Weston, Physician, 
Charleston, U.S.A. Treasurer, 1862-70. 

GIBSON, JOHN (Tertitjs). 16th July 1819. 

Apprentice to James Nairne. — Son of George Gibson, Merchant in Leith. Bvrn 
15th January 1796. Di^d 14th September 1877. Mar. 14th September 1824, 
Charlotte Ellen, eldest daughter of John Gordon, Edinburgh. Deputy-Keeper 
of Great Seal, 1853-1858. 

GIBSON, JOHN HENRY. 16th January 1888. 

Apprentice to Robert Strathem.— Son of Henry Gordon Gibson, W.S. Barn 1st 
August 1862. 

GIBSON, THOMAS. 26th August 1718. 

Apprentice to Hugh Somerville.— Son of Alexander Gibson of Dune, Fifeshire. 
Died 6th April 1779. Mar. Jean, daughter of Colonel Thomas Dalyell of the 
Scots Guards. Principal Clerk of Session, 29th July 1726 till death. 

GIBSON, WILLIAM. 29th May 1878. 

Apprentice to James Campbell Tait.— Son of Andrew Gibson, Auchinleck, Ayr- 
shire. Bom. 27th July 1851. Mar. 31st March 1886, Jane Leyden, eldest 
daughter of George M'Intosh, S.S.C, Edinburgh. 



'm THE SOCIETY OF WKITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

GIFFORD, ADAM WEST. 13th April 1885. 

Apprentice to Colin Mackenzie, A. D. M. Black, and J. M. Mackenzie. — Son of 
John Gifford, Edinburgh. £mn 12th January 1862. 

GILCHRIST, DUGALD, Youngek of Opisdale. 23d June 1829. 

Apprentice to Adam Gib Ellis. — Eldest son of Dugald Gilchrist of Opisdale, 
Sutherlandshire. Bmn 1804. Died 1st December 1834, unmarried. 

GILCHRIST, JAMES. 28th November 1791. 

Apprentice to Hugh Conie. — Eldest son of James Gilchrist, Merchant in Dumfi ics. 
Died 28th August 1816. Mar. 2d August 1802, Jessie, daughter of Hugh Corrie 
of Calloch, W.S. 

GILKERSONE, JAMES. • 27th November 1655. ' 

GILLANDERS, GEORGE. 17th December 1829. 

Apprentice to Richard Mackenzie and William Sharpe. — Second son of John 
Gillanders of Highfield, Ros.s-shire. Born 1805. Died in India, 12th October 
1846, unmarried. 

GILLESPIE, SIR JOHN, Knight. 18th July 1844. 

Apprentice to J. 0. Mackenzie and William Sharpe. — Second son of George 
Gillespie of Biggar Park. Ilm-ii 3d May 1822. Mar. 18th March 1847, Margaret 
Ross, daughter of George Robertson, one of the Deputy-Keepers of the Records. 
Joint Secretary to the Royal Company of Archers. Knighted 1883. 

GILLESPIE, JOHN HAMILTON. 21st April 1875. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, Sir John Gillespie, Kt., W.S. — Born 14th October 
1852. Mar. 17th September 1880, Mary Ann M'lvor. 

GILMOUR, JOHN. 6th May 1598. 

.«-; Commissioner, 26th December 1627. Died before 1638. Mar. Elizabeth Edmond. 

Father of Sir John Gilmour of Craigmillar, Lord President. 

GILMOUR, ROBERT. 12th July 1638. 

Son of John Gilmour, W.S. — Died about 1647. 

GILMOUR, ROBERT LITTLE. 4th March 1790. 

Apprentice to Robert Sym. — Son of William Charles Little Gilmour of Liberton, 
Mid-Lothian. Died 29th March 1820. 

GLASS, ALEXANDER. 4th November 1695. 

Apprentice to Robert Watson. — Died 8th February 1733. Mar. Jean Blackwood. 
Joint Fiscal, 1699-1702. Treasurer of Society, 1714-22. 

GLASS, WILLIAM. 18th November 1830. 

j^, Apprentice to Walter Jollie. — Son of David Glass of Smiddygreen, Fifeshire. 

Died 6th February 1857, aged 51, immarried. „ . .„,.-. ,,, ,., ,.<,,,, 



LIST OF MEMBERS -^^ » 79 

GLEN, ALEXANDER. 8th June 1804. 

Apprentice to James Home of Linhouse. — Third son of the Rev. Alexander Glen, 
Minister of Dirleton. Died 1841, aged 61, unmarried. 

GLOAG, THOMAS, of Chapelton. 28th June 1793. 

Apprentice to George Cuming. — Eldest son of John Gloag, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Died 4th January 1810. Mar. 21st September 1801, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Captain John M'Intosh of Harwood. 

GLOVER, JOHN. 16th July 1889. 

Apprentice to (1) John Bruce; and (2) A. T. S. Scott. — Son of Henry Douglas 
Glover, Solicitor, Gatehouse-of-Fleet. Born 19th August 1865. 

GLOVER, ^VILLIAM. 12th June 1823. 

Apprentice to Peter Couper. — Son of John Glover, Wright in Leith. Died 17th 
February 1864, aged 66. Mar. 22d September 1823, Jane, daughter of James 
Cumming, Shipmaster in Leith. 

GOLDIE, ALEXANDER, of Ryes. 25th January 1742. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Thomas Goldie, W.S. — Died 1782. Mar. May 1747, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Patrick Heron, younger of Heron. 

GOLDIE, ALEXANDER, of Broomlee. 17th October 1798. 

Apprentice to Hugh Corrie. — Fourth son of James Goldie of Stenhouse. Died 
26th December 1850, aged 80. Mar. 16th September 1799, Miss Corsan, 
Baldoon. 

GOLDIE, ARCHIBA1;.D WATSON. 5th March 1818. 

Apprentice to James Gilchrist. — Second son of Archibald Goldie in Shaws of 
Tinwald. Born 21st January 1793. Died 19th November 1872. Mar. (1) 14th 
March 1833, Frances, daughter of Darcy Lever of Arklington Hall, Yorks; and 
(2) 25th October 1860, Henrietta Townsend, daughter of Rev. George Vaughan 
Hart, younger of Glen Alia, Donegal. 

GOLDIE, JAMES. 17th February 1825. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Alexander Goldie, W.S. — Born 1801. Died 10th March 
1834, unmarried. 

GOLDIE, THOMAS. 26th March 1723. 

Apprentice to William Alves. — Died 14th December 1741. Mar. Henrietta 
Sharp, ^\"riter to the Privy Seal, 14th June 1733. 

GOLDIE, WILLIAM, of Broomlee. 24th June 1835. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Alexander Goldie, W.S. — Born 9th August 1803. Died 
7th August 1868. Mar. 28th May 1839, Mary, eldest daughter of Captain 
Charles Hope Reid of Grangehill, Ayrshire. 



80 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

GORDON, ADAM, of Arradoul and Caiknfield. 16th Jiuie 1796. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Second son of John Gordon of Cairnfield, BanflF- 
shire. Bm-n 13th February 1773. Died 17th March 1847. Mar. 4th March 
1799, Elizabeth, daughter of Patrick Cruickshank of Stracathro, Forfarshire. 

GOEDON, ADAM HAY, of Avochie. 15th November 1827. 

Apprentice to John Gordon. — Second son of Major Adam Hay, of the 35th 
Eegiment. Bom 18th September 1803. Died 8th April 1872. Mar. 13th April 
1841, Anne M'Kerrel, eldest daughter of James Brown, Chartered Accountant, 
Edinburgh. Assumed name of Gordon. 

GOEDON, ALEXANDEE, of Cairnfield. 25th November 1723. 

Apprentice to George Kennedy. — Son of Eobert Gordon of Lunan. Died 2l8t 
February 1775, aged 87. Mar. (1) Elizabeth, daughter of Gordon of Cairnfield; 
and (2) Jane, daughter of Gordon of Shillagreens. 

GOEDON, AETHUE FORBES, of Eayne. 9th December 1830. 

Apprentice to John Gordon, junr. — Son of Colonel Arthur Forbes of the 32d 
Eegiment. Bam 2d June 1806. Died 27th August 1873. Mar. 20th April 
1843, Charlotte, eldest daughter of Colonel William Balfour of Trenaby, Orkney. 

GOEDON, ALEXANDEE SHAND. 17th March 1890. 

Apprentice to Henry Tod. — Son of Alexander Gordon, S.S.C., Edinburgh. Born 
17th July 1867. 

GOEDON, CHAELES, of Cluny. 15th July 1763. 

Apprentice to WiUiam Eraser of Ford. — Second son of John Gordon of Cluuy, 
Aberdeenshire. Died 8th May 1814. Mar. 8th November 1775, Joanna, 
daughter of Thomas Trotter of Mortonhall, Mid-Lothian. 

GOEDON, CHAELES. 7th July 1824. 

Apprentice to John Ker. — Son of Charles Gordon, Advocate in Aberdeen. Died 
12th October 1848, aged 47, unmarried. 

GOEDON, DAVID HUTCHISON, of Larglanglee. 15th June 1837. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie. — Fourth son of Eobert Gordon, Writer in Kirk- 
cudbright. Bom 10th August 1813. Died 16th March 1878, unmarried. 
Procurator-Fiscal of Kirkcudbright, 1839-78. 

GOEDON, GEOEGE. 15th March 1720. 

Apprentice to Eonald Campbell.— Z>/e(i 21st March 1747. Mar. 2d August 1727, 
Katherine, daughter of James Cleland, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

GORDON, GEORGE. January 1740. 

Apprentice to James Craig. — Eldest son of George Gordon, Writer in Edinburgh, 
Bom 1715. Died 16th October 1783. Mar. February 1747, Joan Mary, daughter 
of Captain James Muirhead of Lauchope, Lanarkshire. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 81 

GORDON, GEORGE MORE, of Chakleton. 29th June 1838. 

Apprentice to Adam Gib and Robert Ellis. — Son of John Shank More, Advocate. 
Born 21st March 1816. Mar. 10th August 1848, Janet, daughter of Harry 
Gordon, Liverpool. 

GORDON, GORDON CLUNES. 19th July 1842. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, Joseph Gordon, W.S. — Born 29th May 1811. 
Died 25th November 1843, unmarried. 

GORDON, REV. HENRY. let July 1825. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Thomas Gordon, W.^.—Died 13th December 
1880, unmarried. Licensed 1835 ; called to Presbyterian Church, Gananoque, 
Canada, 1837; Moderator of Presbyterian Church of Canada, 1854. 

GORDON, HUNTER. 3d June 1824. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Farquhar Gordon, W.S. — Died 1855, 
aged 54, unmarried. Latterly a Barrister in London. 

GORDON, JAMES. 

Deputy-Keeper of the Signet, 1631. 

GORDON, JAMES. 12th November 1829. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie and William Innes. — Son of William Gordon 
of Hallmyre, Peeblesshire. Died 11th March 1870. Mar. 18th July 1844, 
Harriet, eldest daughter of J. Davis, Seatown. 

GORDON, JAMES. 20th November 1845. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie and William R. Baillie. — Eldest son of the Rev. 
Robert Gordon, D.D., one of the Ministers of Edinburgh. Born 24th July 1821. 
Mar. 18th June 1852, Agnes Webster, second daughter of J. H. Millar, Merchant, 
Glasgow. Sherifif-Substitute at Banff, 1853-77. 

GORDON, JAMES FARQUHAR. 19th December 1794. 

Apprentice to (1) John Gordon ; and (2) Adam RoUand. — Eldest son of John 
Gordon of Balmoor, W.S. Died 23d December 1843. Mar. (1) 13th November 
1797, Lilias, daughter of Charles Hunter of Burnside, Forfarshire; and (2) 1805, 
Margaret, only child of Robert Haldane of Airthrey, Stirlingshire. 

GORDON, JAMES ERASER. 15th July 1852. 

Apprentice to Robert Mackay. — Son of William Gordon, residing at Minmore, 
Banffshire. Born 7th September 1816. Died 1861. Mar. 27th July 1851, 
Eleanor Sinclair, daughter of Archibald Leslie of Balnageith, Elginshire. 

GORDON, JOHN, of Balmoor. 8th July 1763. 

Apprentice to Leonard Urquhart. — Son of Alexander Gordon of Auchenlachries, 
Aberdeenshire. Died 24th October 1789. Mar. 16th October 1770, Margaret, 
daughter of James Stuart, of Binend, Lord Provost of Edinburgh. 

L 



82 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

aORDON, JOHN. 24th June 1774. 

Apprentice to James Gartshore. — Eldest son of Thomas Gordon, Surgeon in 
Dumfries. Bmit 1748. Died 27th October 1832. Mar. 21st July 1786, Jane, 
eldest daughter of Thomas Shairp of Houstoun, Linlithgowshire. 

GORDON, JOHN, of Carleton. 26th June 1789. 

Apprentice to John Tait. — Son of Alexander Gordon of Carleton, Ayrshire. Died 
13th March 1817. Mar. 24th June 1793, Margaret, only daughter of Dr. Jasper 
Tough of Hillhead, Ayrshire. 

GORDON, JOHN, of Avochie. 19th December 1794. 

Apprentice to Andrew Steuart, Junr. — Eldest son of John Gordon of Avochie. 
Boi'n 1771. Di£d 11th July 1842, unmarried. Deputy Receiver-General. 

GORDON, JOHN TAYLOR, of Nethermuir. 18th November 1825. 

Apprentice to James Heriot. — Second son of Maxwell Gordon, W.S. Bom 1801. 
Died 24th June 1884. Mar. December 185.5, Margaret Grant, daughter of 
Robert Watson. 

GORDON, JOSEPH, of Carroll. 16th February 1804. 

Apprentice to Charles M'Intosh. — Eldest son of Captain John Gordon of Carroll, 
Sutherlandshire. Barn 1777. Died 7th March 1855. Mar. 30th July 1808, 
Ann, youngest daughter of Gordon Clunes of Crakaig, Sutherlandshire. Clerk 
to Admission of Notaries-Public, 1839-55. 

GORDON, LACHLAN DUFF, of Park. 26th June 1769. 

Apprentice to Alexander Stuart. — Fourth son of John Duff of Culben, Moray- 
shire. Died 14th May 1808. Mar. 14th September 1781, Rachel, second daughter 
of Roger Hog of Newliston, West-Lothian. 

GORDON, MAXWELL, of Nethermuir. 28th June 1793. 

Apprentice to (1) Colquhoun Grant; and (2) John Taylor.— Son of William 
Gordon of Nethermuir. Died 24th December 1809. Mar. 30th March 1799, 
Jane, daughter of John Taylor of Blackhouse, Ayrshire, AV.S. 

GORDON, ROBERT. 18th August 1731. 

Apprentice to James Budge. Died June 1740. 

GORDON, ROBERT, of Edintore. 17th August 1798. 

Apprentice to John Innes. — Eldest son of John Gordon of Grieshop and Edin- 
tore, Elginshire. Died 1st August 1815. Mar. 30th August 1806, the widow of 
Archibald Burnett, Bengal. 

GORDON, ROBERT, of Baudarroch. 18th November 1830. 

Apprentice to Alexander Blair. — Son of William Gordon, Senr., Writer in 
Dumfries. Bm-ii 1807. Died 2d December 1883. Mar. 23d April 1840, S.nrah, 
second daughter of Wilson Fisher, AVhitehavep. 



^r-' LIST or MEMBERS 88 

GOEDON, THOMAS. 24th July 1672. • 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton. — Eldest sou of James Gordon of Buthlay, 
Aberdeenshire. Clerk of Justiciary, 6th November 1682. Died about 1697. 
Mar. 9th September 1673, Janet Fletcher. 

GORDON, THOMAS, of Whitburn. 5th July 1782. 

Apprentice to Andrew Stuart — Only son of the Rev. Thomas Gordon, Minister 
of Speymoutli. Died 6th March 1845. Mar. 6th April 1785, Letitia, daughter 
of M'Veagh, Manufacturer in Huntly. 

GORDON, THOMAS. 12th November 1840. 

Apprentice to James Macallan. — Fourth son of William Gordon of Campbelton, 
Kirkcudbright. Born 14th February 1817. Died 9th October 1876. Mar. 6th 
July 1847, Eliza Cecilia, third daughter of George Shaw Brooke, Jaffna, Ceylon. 

GORDON, THOMAS JARRON. 22d July 1868. 

Apprentice to James Hope and Robert Mackay. — Son of James Gordon, 
Merchant in Forfar. Bom 15th October 1837. Mar. 22d August 1871, CaroHne 
EUzabeth, only daughter of Henry Churton of West Mount, Cheshire. 

GORDON, WILLIAM. 14th November 1664. 

Apprentice to John Bayne. — Disd March 1680. Mar. 25th January 1666, Helen 
Anderson. 

GORDON, WILLIAM, of Greenlaw and Culvennan. 25th January 1742. 

Apprentice to Thomas Goldie.— Only son of Sir Alexander Gordon of Earlstouu, 
Bart. Bm-n 1706. Died October 1757. Mar. 1740, Isabella, daughter of John 
M'Culloch of Barholm and Jean Gordon of Calvennan, his wife. 

GORDON, WILLIAM. 5th July 1742. 

Apprentice to (1) Hugh Somerville ; and (2) Archibald Stuart. — Son of Dr. John 
Gordon, Physician in Aberdeen. Died 1788. Latterly a Solicitor in London. 

GORDON, WILLIAM, of Rothney. 9th July 1789. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Only son of George Gordon of Rothney, 
Aberdeenshire. Died 10th February 1824. 

GORDON, WILLIAM, of Culvennan. 12th February 1824. 

Apprentice to Alexander Blair. — Eldest son of David Gordon, Captain in the 
Dumfriesshire Militia. Bm-n 17th August 1800. Died 27th January 1858. 
Mar. 17th August 1825, Agnes Marian, third daughter of John Hyslop, London. 

GORDON, WILLIAM JOHN. 27th October 1882. 

Apprentice to Robert Strathern. — Son of John Gordon, Merchant in Dundee. 
Barn 2d December 1857. 

GO VAN, JOHN, OF Blalowan. 13th June 1806. 

Apprentice to David Balfour. — Son of Dr. John Govan, Physician in Cupar. 
Died 22d October 1861, aged 79, unmarried. 



8« THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

GRACE, CHARLES STUART. 28th April 1882. ;i 

Apprentice to Sir John Gillespie and Thomas Paterson. — Son of Stuart Grace, 
Town-Clerk of St. Andrews. Bffrn 6th April 1859. Mar. 17th February 1885, 
Ella Mary, eldest daughter of William Francis Lindesay of Fairieland, Ceylon. 

GRACIE, JOHN BLACK. 29th November 1821. 

Apprentice to Charles Oliphant. — Seventh son of John Gracie, Merchant in 
Wanlockhead. Dkd 10th May 1847, aged 48. Mar. 1822, Jane Mitchell 
Lebum. Principal Clerk of Commissary Court. 

GRACIE, WILLIAM. 4th March 1805. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young. — Eldest son of James Gracie, Accountant in 
Dumfries. Died 24th March 1813. Mar. 24th January 1806, Elizabeth Emily, 
eldest daughter of Thomas James of Hensingham Hall, Cumberland. 

GRAEME, JAMES, of Garvock. 8th March 1827. 

Apprentice to Roger Aytoun. — Eldest son of Robert Graeme of Garvock. Bom 
23d July 1803. Died 12th December 1859. Mar. 26th June 1837, Helenade, 
only surviving daughter of Charles De Jersey, Attorney-General at Guernsey. 

GRAEME, JOHN, of Eskbank. 10th July 1770. 

Apprentice to James Smyth. — Youngest son of Robert Graeme, brother to John 
Graeme of Balgo wan, Perthshire. Died 19th September 1814. Mir. 29th June 
1781, Mary Scott of Usan, Forfarshire. 

GRAEME, ROBERT, of Well Hall. 14th May 1835. 

Apprentice to Roger Aytoun. — Son of Robert Graeme of Garvock. Born 12th 
June 1811. Died 13th October 1870. Mar. 28th April 1843, Anne, third 
daughter of Patrick Baron Seton of Preston, Linlithgowshire. 

GRAHAM, ALEXANDER SPEARS. 1st July 1830. 

Apprentice to Tod and Hill. — Second son of Thomas Graham, residing in Leopold 
Place, Edinbui-gh. Bm-n 1807. Died 1850. Mar. 1837, Eliza Stirling. 

GRAHAM, HARRY. 20th November 1671. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Son of Robert Graham of Boshelholme. 
Died 23d May 1699. Mar. 30th March 1677, Marion Hamiltoa 

GRAHAM, HENRY CUNNINGHAM. 13th November 1834. 

Apprentice to John Home. — Son of John Graham, Jeweller in Edinburgh. Born 
1st January 1806. Died 11th April 1858. Mar. 14th April 1835, Jane 
Forrester, eldest daughter of the Rev. Archibald Maconochie, minister of Bonkle. 

GRAHAM, HUMPHREY. 10th March 1813. 

Apprentice to David Thomson. — Eldest son of Lieutenant Colonel Humphrey 
Graham, Chamberlain to the Duke of Argyll. Born 28th January 1789. Died 
28th November 1868. Mar. 18th September 1826, Joanna, youngest daughter 
ofAdam Wilson, D.C.S. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 8f 

GRAHAM, JAMES, of Damside. 14th November 1726. 

Apprentice to John Lumsdaine. — Son of Robert Graham of Kirkland, Town- 
Clerk of Perth. Died 16th November 1763. Mar. (1) April 1728, Christian, 
daughter of George Balfour of Balbirnie, Fifeshire; and (2) April 1740, Bethia, 
daughter of James Deans of Woodhouselee, Mid-Lothian. 

GRAHAM, REV. JAMES. 11th December 1788. 

Apprentice to Lawrence Hill. — Son of Thomas Graham, Writer in Glasgow. Bm-n 
22d April 1765. Died 14th September 1811. Mar. 17th March 1802, Janet, 
daughter of Thomas Graham of Blatwood. Admitted Advocate 17th March 
1795. Ordained 28th May 1809 ; Curate of Shipton, Gloucester, and of Sedgfield, 
Durham ; Author of The Sabbath, and other Poems. 

GRAHAM, JAMES HOPE STEWART, of Dunabbie. 2d November 1881. 

Apprentice to William Stuart Fraser. — Son of James Graham of Dunabbie, 
Dumfriesshire. Born 16th April 1856. Mar. 31st October 1888, Isabel, daughter 
of Robert Carlyle, Waterbeck, Dumfriesshire. 

GRAHAM, JOHN. 20th May 1800. 

Apprentice to John Morison. — Son of John Graham, Farmer at Colleum. Died 
1831. 

GRAHAM, PATRICK, of Robshill. 25th November 1824. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie. — Only son of John Graham of Robshill, Renfrew- 
shire. Born 1799. Died 15th November 1867. Mar. 4th October 1831, Janet, 
daughter of Allan Pollock of Faside, Renfrewshire. 

GRAHAM, ROBERT. 17th March 1797. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Second son of James Graham of Duchraw, 
Stirlingshire. Di^d 27th August 1818. 

GRAHAM, THOMAS. 5th July 1821. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Eldest son of Archibald Graham of Drumquhassle, 
Stirlingshire, Cashier to the Thistle Bank, Glasgow. Bwn 1793. Died 29th 
June 1881. Mar. 14th March 1822, Agnes, daughter of Robert Veitch of 
Hawthornbank. 

GRAHAM, THOMAS EDWARD. 19th March 1888. 

Apprentice to John Clerk Brodie. — Son of James Graham, C.A., Glasgow. Born 
5th June 1863. 

GRAHAM, WILLIAM STIRLING. 
See Stirling, William. 

GRANGER, JOHN. 1st July 1790. 

Apprentice to (1) William Wilson, Junr. ; and (2) Walter Scott. — Only son of 
David Granger of Brokencross. Died 3d December 1828. 

GRANT, ALEXANDER. 28th June 1787. 

Apprentice to Isaac Grant. — Son of Patrick Grant of Nevie. Died 4th July 1808. 



88 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

GRANT, COLIN CAMPBELL. 15th November 1860. 

Apprentice to Allan Meuzies and Robert Blair Macouochie. — Son of the Rev. 
James Grant, D.D., D.C.L., Edinburgh. Born 13th June 1830. Resigned his 
Commission 9th November 1865. Called to the English Bar 1 7th November 1868. 

GRANT, COLQUHOUN, of Burnside. 29th June 1759. 

Apprentice to Alexander Steuart. — Second son of John Grant of Burnside. Died 
2d December 1792. Served during the '45 in Prince Charles' Life Guards. 

GRANT, DUNCAN, of Bught. 24th February 182.5. 

Apprentice to Kenneth and Thomas Mackenzie. — Son of James Grant of Bught, 
Inverness-shire. Born 1801. Died 9th December 1873. Mar. 21st December 
1847, Catherine Monro, daughter of Alexander Warrand, M.D., H.E.I.C.S. 

GRANT, FRANCIS JAMES. 10th January 1887. 

Apprentice to (1) William Reid; and (2) Alexander Paterson Purves.— Second 
son of John Grant, Marchmont Herald, Edinburgh, and nephew of James Grant, 
Novelist. Bm'ii 4th August 1863. Carrick Pui-suivant of Arms, 1886. 

GRANT, ISAAC, of Hilton. Ui July 1763. 

Apprentice to James Gartshore. — Son of John Grant in Belnatomb. Died 27th 
December 1794, aged 70. Clerk to the Commissioners of Teinds. 

GRANT, JAMES, of Burnhall. 6th February 1792. 

Apprentice to John Gordon. — Second son of Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston, 

Inverness-shire. Born 1768. Died 16th June 1834. Mar. 27th July 1803, 
Helen, daughter of Charles Shearer of Knowhead. 

GRANT, JAMES. 19th June 1818. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie. — Eldest son of Nathaniel Grant, S.S.C. Born 1790. 
Died March 1844, unmarried. 

GRANT, JOHN. 3d December 1729. 

Apprentice to Robert Hepburn. — Died 26th May 1759. Mar. Catherine, daughter 
of James Baird of Chesterhall, W.S. 

GRANT, JOHN PETER. 8th July 1822. 

Apprentice to John Kennack. — Son of the Rev. James Grant, Minister of Laggan, 
and his wife, Ann Macvicar, the distinguished authoress. Born 1st June 1799. 
Died 15th December 1870. Mar. (1) 16th March 1833, Margaret, youngest 
daughter of Moses Steven of Polmadie, Renfrewshire; (2) 22d October 1840, 
Robina, daughter of Robert Grant of Kincorth, Morayshire; and (3) 17th 
November 1852, Jane Adinston, daughter of Walter Graham, M.D., Dalkeith. 

GRANT, JOSEPH. 7th March 1815. 

Apprentice to John Renton. — Only son of Allan Grant, Messenger-at-Arms. B<yrn 
1793. Di^ 24th February 1873, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBERS Wf 

GRANT, PATRICK. 8th December 1825. 

Apprentice to Harry Davidson. — Eldest son of Jame.s Grant, W.S. Died 18th 
April 1870, aged 65. Mar. 6th August 1838, Emilia, daughter of Evan Baillie 
ofDochfour, Inverness-shire. Sheiiff-Clerk of Inverness-shire, 1831-70. 

GRANT, ROBERT, of Ruthrie. 8th March 1734. 

Apprentice to Andrew Hay of Montblairie. — Eldest son of John Grant of 
Ruthrie. Died 11th July 1783. 

GRANT, ROBERT SIMPSON. 16th July 1889. 

Apprentice to John Cowan and James A. Dalmahoy. — Second son of William 
•Tames Grant of Beldomie, Banffshire. Bom 16th August 1865. 

GRANT, THOMAS MACPHERSON, of Cr.\igo. 23d November 1837. 

Apprentice to James Shepherd. — Son of Sir George Macpherson of Ballindalloch, 
Bart. Bm-n 30th June 1815. Dkd 23d September 1881, unmarried. 

GRAY, ALEXANDER. 30th June 1760. 

Apprentice to John Syme. — Son of John Gray, writer in Fochabers. Bied 14th 
January 1780. Mar. (1) Margaret Alves ; and (2) October 1773, Ellen, daughter 
of Archibald Stewart, Merchant, Edinburgh. Substitute-Keeper, 16th November 
1762. 

GRAY, ALEXANDER STEWART. 10th January 1887. 

Apprentice to (1) James Gibson Craig Brodie ; and (2) John Little Mounsey. — Son 
of William Gray, residing at Brownrigg, North Berwick. Bnrit 17th May 1862. 

GRAY, ANDREW. 23d May 1820. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston. — Eldest son of David Gray of Snipe, Tacksman 
of Dalhousie Mains, Mid-Lothian. Bied 28th July 1846, aged 54, unmarried. 
Collector of Fee Fund, Court of Session, 1844-5. 

GRAY, GEORGE. 27th June 1839. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Son of George Gra}', Surgeon in Edinburgli. Born 
3d December 1808. Mar. (1) 1839, Martha Moses; and (2) 22d February 1887, 
Helen, daughter of William Wright, M.D., Edinburgh, and widow of John 
Wright, M.D., Lochgilphead. 

GRAY, GEORGE ADINSTON. 18th December 1826. 

Apprentice to (1) Walter Dickson of Monybuie; and (2) George Dunlop. — Son of 
David Gray of Snipe, Mid-Lothian. Died 29th June 1851, aged 51, unmarried. 

GRAY, JAMES. 16th February 1710. 

Apprentice to John Montgomerie. — Mar. Isobel White. JMed November 1733. 

GRAY, JOHN. 1st July 1763. 

Apprentice to John Dickie. — Eldest son of William Gray of Newholm. Bied 
15th February 1811. Mar. Marion, daughter of the Rev. James Brown, one of 
the Ministers of Edinburgh. Town-Clerk of Edinburgh, 1786-1811. 



8B THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

GRAY, JOHN. 24th June 1824. 

Apprentice to Francis Brodie and George Imlach. — Third son of John Gray, 
Solicitor at Law. Died 16th October 1868, aged 70. Mar. 17th April 1837, his 
cousin, Harriet Louisa, daughter of Andrew Gray of Craigo. 

GREENLAW, GEORGE. 30th January 1797. 

Apprentice to Sir Robert Dundas of Beechwood. — Son of the Rev. Michael 
Greenlaw, D.D., Minister of Creich. Died 12th December 1834, aged 65. Mar. 
15th July 1808, Katherine, daughter of George Makgill of Kemback, Fifeshire. 

GREIG, ALEXANDER, of Hallgreig. 5th March 1801. 

Apprentice to (1) William Campbell of Crawfordton; and (2) James Home. — 

Eldest son of David Greig of Hallgreig. Bwn 1776. Died 29th March 1867. 

Mar. 8th January 1810, Jane, daughter of John Whittet of Potterhill, Perth. 

Solicitor to Admiralty, 1807. 
GREIG, DAVID. 6th March 1817. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Son of the Rev. David Greig, Minister of the 

Associate Burgher Congregation of Lochgelly. Died 26th January 1825. Mar. 

12th July 1824, Catherine, daughter of Joseph Maxton, Edinburgh. 

GREIG, GEORGE, of Eccles. 13th July 1848. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Greig, W.S. — Bom 12th March 1823. Died 
19th June 1869. Mar. 24th July 1866, Isabella Dickson, younger daughter of 
William Richardson Dickson of Alton, Roxburghshire. 

GREIG, JAMES, of Eccles. 4th March 1805. 

Apprentice to Robert Hill. — Son of George Greig of Bridgend, near Kinross. 
Bom 10th March 1782. Died 10th December 1859. Mar. 10th October 1820, 
Agnes, second daughter of John Borthwick of Crookston, Mid-Lothian. 

GREIG, JAMES, of West Cambus. 11th December 1823. 

Apprentice to James F. Gordon. — Son of John Greig, Ironmonger in Edinburgh. 
Bom 19th April 1798. Died 25th December 1850. Mar. 11th September 1827, 
Agnes Helen, daughter of Peter Macfarlane of West Cambus, Clackmannanshire. 

GREIG, JOHN BORTHWICK. 7th May 1859. 

Apprentice to, and son of, James Greig of Eccles, Berwickshire, W.S. — Bom 
2d May 1824. Mar. 12th August 1857, Mary Jane, eldest daughter of William 
Grant of Funchal, Madeira. Parliamentary Solicitor to Society. 

GREIG, SOMMERVILLE. 3d March 1861. 

Apprentice to John Auld. — Son of James Greig of West Cambus, W.S. Bom 
6th November 1835. 

GRIERSON, ANDREW. 1st March 1832. 

Apprentice to Andrew Tawse. — Son of Andrew Grierson, Clothier in EdinburgL 
Borii 1st January 1808. Died 9th October 1876, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 89 

GRIERSON, THOMAS. 30th June 1789. 

Apprentice to Andrew Blane. — Son of David Grierson, Fanner, Cubbox, Kirk- 
cudbright. Died 5th September 1826. 

GRIERSON, WILLIAM. 16th May 1818. 

See YoRSTOUN, William Gkierson. 

GRIEVE, ANDREW. 24th May 1821. 

Apprentice to John Ross. — Son of John Grieve, Civil Engineer in Edinburgh. 
Died 6th May 1870, aged 73. Mar. 1843, Louisa, daughter of Captain Salmond, 
H.E.LC.S. 

GUILD, JOHN ERSKINE. 15th July 1886. 

Apprentice to J. 0. Mackenzie, Harry Cheyne, and John Kermack. — Son of 
John Guild, Merchant, Dundee. Bwn 23d June 1860. 

GULLAND, WILLIAM. 18th June 1856. 

Apprentice to Thomas Gray Scott. — Eldest son of Charles GuUand, Writer in 
Falkland. Born 19th December 1828. 

GUTHRIE, ALEXANDER. 4th January 1698. 

Apprentice to James W^inraham. — Died 30th September 1729. Mar. 11th 
September 1700, Jean, daughter of James Menteith, of Auldcathie, West- 
Lothian. 

GUTHRIE, JAMES. 

Died before 1649. 

GUTHRIE, JAMES. 25th February 1720. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Alexander Guthrie, W.S. — Died March 1737. 

Mar. Jean Dickson. Author of An Introduction to the Knowledge of Decimal 
Arithmetic, 1731. 

GUTHRIE, JOHN. 20th April 1688. 

Apprentice to William Guthrie. 

GUTHRIE, LAWRENCE ANDERSON. 15th July 1886. 

Apprentice to Patrick William Campbell. — Son of Patrick Guthrie, Merchant in 
Edinburgh, and grandson of Rev. Thomas Guthiie, D.D. Born 16tli June 1863. 
Mar. 30th July 1890, Helena Elizabeth Mary, only daughter of James Muirhead, 
Advocate, Professor of Civil Law, Edinburgh University. 

GUTHRIE, RICHARD. 

Signs the Acts of 7th December 1612. 

GUTHRIE, RICHARD. 14th December 1627. 

Servitor to John Shairp of Houston, Advocate. — Re-admitted 21st November 
1661. Resigned his Commission, and died January 1664. 

M 



90 THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

GUTHRIE, WILLIAM. 7th March 1664. 

Apprentice to Richard Guthrie. — Died January 1673. Mar. Mary, daughter of 
Richard Guthrie, W.S. 

HAGART, JAMES VALENTINE-. 12th November 1868. 

Apprentice to Archibald Burn Murdoch. — Son of James Valentine-Hagart of 
Glendelvine, Perthshire, S.S.C. Bi/rn 1845. 

HAIG, JAMES, OF Bemersyde. 15th November 1827. 

Apprentice to Hugh Watson. — Eldest son of James Haig of Bemersyde, Berwick- 
shire. Bffrn 4th October 1795. Died 14th January 1854, unmarried. 

HALDANE, FRANCIS GROVE. 16th July 1889. 

Apprentice to W. J. Dundas. — Son of James Haldane, C.A Bom 30th 
November 1866. 

HALDANE, JAMES ALEXANDER. 12th December 1867. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Robert Haldane, W.S. — Born 11th December 1844. 
Mar. 22d July 1868, Sarah Jean, only child of John Reid, Cape Town. 

HALDANE, ROBERT, of Cloanden. 5th March 1829. 

Apprentice to John Yule. — Son of Captain James Alexander Haldane, H.E.I.C.S. 
Bern 27th January 1805. Died 12th June 1877. Mar. (1) 20th July 1841, 
Jane, daughter of John Makgill of Kemback, Fifeshire ; and (2) 27th July 1853, 
Mary Elizabeth, second daughter of Richard Burdon Sanderson of West Jesmond, 
Northumberland. 

HALDANE, WILLIAM CUNINGHAME. 16th December 1824. 

Apprentice to Robert Fleming. — Second son of John Haldane, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Died at Wollongong, N.S.W., 4th July 1844, aged 43. Mar. 22d August 
1833j Catherine Anne, fifth daughter of Alexander Miller of Monkcastle. 

HALDANE, WILLIAM STOWELL, B.L. 19th March 1888. 

Apprentice to Alexander Howe and William Macgillivray. — Son of Robert 
Haldane, W.S. Bwn 19th August 1864. 

HALDIN, GEORGE. 25th May 1635. 

Apprentice to Harry Osbum. — Died about 1660. Mar. Isabel Dundas. 

HALIBURTON, ANDREW. 26th August 1699. 

Apprentice to David Haliburton. — Third son of Thomas Haliburton of Newmains, 
Berwickshire. Bmi 9th March 1673. Died 20th February 1738. Mar. 18th 
April 1700, Marion, second daughter of Robert Elliot of Middlemiln, Roxburgh- 
shire. 

HALIBURTON, ANDREW. Ist July 1763. 

Apprentice to Hew Crawford. — Son of James Haliburton, W.S. Resigned his 
Commission 8th August 1785, and Died 26th January 1794, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 91 

HALIBUETON, DAVID. 4th December 1693. 

Apprentice to James Peter. — Son of Thomas Haliburton of Newmains, Berwick- 
shire. Died 29th April 1697, aged 58, unmarried. 

HALIBURTON, JAMES. 8th March 1726. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton of Dechmont. — Dkd 25th November 1773. 
Mar. 6th April 1726, Euphan, daughter of Andrew Dennet, Merchant, Edin- 
burgh. 

HALL, JOHN SHARP. 9th July 1821. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Son of the Rev. James Hall, Minister of Lesmaha- 
gow. Born 1797. Died at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 30th September 1885. Mar. 
Margaret Fleming. 

HALL, ROBERT. 8th July 1828. 

Apprentice to John Forman. — Son of Robert Hall, one of the Magistrates of 
Edinburgh. Bom 1804. Died 12th July 1840, unmarried. 

HALYBURTONE, GEORGE. 

Reponed 30th May 1636. 

HAMILTON, ALEXANDER, of Hill. 16th July 1642. 

Apprentice to James Kirkwod. — Eldest son of James Hamilton of Hill, Lanark- 
shire. Died March 1672. Mar. Marion Elies. 

HAMILTON, SIR ALEXANDER, of Haggs, Bart. 15th July 1700. 

Apprentice to William Forrester. — Son of Sir Alexander Hamilton, first Baronet 
of Haggs. 

HAMILTON, ALEXANDER, of Dechmont and Pencaitland. 6th November 1711. 

Apprentice to Hugh Somerville.— Second son of James Hamilton of Pencaitland, 
East-Lothian, W.S. Died 21st March 1758. Mar. Mary, eldest daughter of Sir 
Francis Kinloch of Gilmerton, Bart. 

HAMILTON, ALEXANDER. 31st May 1827. 

Apprentice to James Hamilton of Kames. — Son of Charles Hamilton, Merchant 
in Glasgow. Born 1797. Died 1st January 1884. Mar. 3d November 1836, 
Margaret Chisholm, only daughter of Richard Laiidreth, of Island of Grenada ; 
and (2) 15th July 1845, Mary Chisholm, eldest daughter of Charles Robertson 
of Kindeace, Ross-shire. 

HAMILTON, ANDREW, of Spittalhaugh. 3d July 1781. 

Apprentice to John Russell. — Son of Charles Hamilton of Spittalhaugh, Peebles- 
shire. Died 3d May 1807. 

HAMILTON, ARTHUR. 

Signs Minute 16th December 1594. Died about 1629. 



98 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

HAMILTON, DANIEL, of Gilkerscleugh. 29th June 1786. 

Apprentice to David Erskine. — Third son of Alexander Hamilton of Gilkers- 
cleugh, Lanarkshire. Died 30th June 1823. Mar. 20th December 1793, Harriet, 
second daughter of Walter Campbell of Shawfield, Lanarkshire. 

HAMILTON, ERNEST. 27th October 1882. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton, George Thomas Kinnear, and Robert Beat- 
son. — Son of Alexander Hamilton, W.S. Born 23d March 1859. 

HAMILTON, FRANCIS. 11th December 1828. 

Apprentice to James Bridges. — Son of William Hamilton, Writer in Hamilton. 
Died 1858, aged 52. Mar. 2d November 1829, Mary Stevenson, eldest daughter 
of Captain D. Mackintosh, Royal Highlanders. 

HAMILTON, JAMES, of Pencaitland. 19th February 1683. 

Apprentice to Sir James Elphinstone. — Second son to Robert Hamilton of Pres- 

mennan. Died 30th May 1729. Mar. Catherine, daughter of Denholm of 

. Westshiells. Clerk Register, 27th February 1697. Clerk of Parliament. Princi- 
pal Clerk of Session, 2d June 1697. Elevated to the Bench 8th November 1712, 
when he assumed the title of Lord Pencaitland; resigned 1726. 

HAMILTON, JAMES, of Kajies. 5th March 1801. 

Apprentice to Daniel Hamilton, his brother. — Youngest son of Alexander Hamil- 
ton of Gilkerscleugh. Died 5th January 1849, aged 72. Mar. 12th December 
1809, Harriet Frances, daughter of Richard Wynne of Folkingham, Lincoln- 
shire. 

HAMILTON, JOHN. 15th March 1644. 

Apprentice to John Mudie. — Re-admitted 21st November 1660. 

HAMILTON, JOHN. 24th October 1678. 

Apprentice to William Charteris. 

HAMILTON, JOHN. 2d January 1682. 

Apprentice to Robert Hamilton of Presmennan, his uncle. — Son of Mr. James 
Hamilton, Minister of Eaglesham. Mar. (1) Rachel Sandilands; and (2) 4th 
April 1684, Agnes, daughter of William Law of Lauriston, and sister of the 
financier. 

HAMILTON, JOHN, of Newton. 3d March 1707. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham. — Son of William Hamilton of Wishaw. Died 
25th January 1757, aged 78. Mar. Jean, daughter of Gartshore of that Ilk. 

HAMILTON, JOHN. 30th July 1716. 

Apprentice to John Loutfoot. — Fiscal, 1726-28. Resigned his Commission 
27th June 1748. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 90 

HAMILTON, JOHTSr. 2d March 1826. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson. — Second son of Captain John Hamilton of 73d 
Regiment. Died 25th January 1870, aged 77, unmarried. Substitute-Keeper of 
the Signet, 1831-67. Admitted Advocate 8th July 1815. 

HAMILTON, PATRICK. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

HAMILTON, ROBERT, of Presmennan. 24th March 1648. 

Apprentice to Thomas Forrest. — Son of James Hamilton of Barncleugh, Lanark- 
shire. Died 10th November 1695, aged 73. Mar. Marion, eldest daughter of John 
Denholm of Muirhouse. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. Principal Clerk of 
Session, 5th June 1661. Resigned his Commission 3d February 1668. Admitted 
Advocate 13th June 1677. Elevated to the Bench 1st November 1689, when he 
assumed the title of Lord Presmennan. 

HAMILTON, ROBERT. 12th April 1648. 

Apprentice to John Mudie. — Died 1687. Mar. 10th January 1656, Elizabeth 
Wellwood. Clerk to Society 1660-81. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

HAMILTON, ROBERT. 12th March 1736. 

Apprentice to James Baillie. — Died November 1742. 

HAMILTON, ROBERT. 24th June 1830. 

Apprentice to John Bowie. — Son of John Hamilton, Receiver-General of 
Customs. Born 1806. Died 21st June 1872. Mar. 13th July 1840, Christina 
Crawfurd, daughter of Rev. Thomas Macknight, D.D., Edinburgh. 

HAMILTON, WILLIAM. 22d November 1680. 

Apprentice to John Sempill. — Son to Archibald Hamilton of Hallcraig, Lanark- 
shire. 

HAMILTON, WILLIAM. 29th October 1697. 

Apprentice to James Hamilton of Pencaitland. — Third son of Robert Hamilton 
of Presmennan, East-Lothian. Died unmarried. 

HAMILTON, WILLIAM. 22d February 1793. 

Apprentice to John Tait, Senior. — Son of William Hamilton, Writer in Mauch- 
line. Died 24th December 1822. 

HANDYSIDE, HUGH. 29th June 1827. 

Apprentice to Robert Paul. — Son of Hugh Handyside, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Died 3d November 1867, aged 64. Mar. 3d September 1834, Ann Innes, fourth 
daughter of Captain William Anderson, 96th Regiment. 

HANDYSIDE, WILLIAM. 12th July 1791. 

Apprentice to Charles Innes. — Son of Robert Handyside at Whitehill. Born 
19th June 1764. Died 17th January 1816. Mar. 5th June 1797, Jane, daughter 
of William Cunningham of Bridgehouse. Father of Lord Handyside. 



Ml THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

HANNAY, JOHN, of Over-Laggan. 22d November 1821. 

Apprentice to (1) Joseph Cauvin ; and (2) James Camegy. — Fourth son of James 
Hannay of Blarinde, Kirkcudbrightshire. Bmi 1798. Died 26th April 1868. 
Mar. 15th September 1824, Eliza Sproat, daughter of J. Kennedy, Dalton, 
Dumfriesshire. 

HARDIE, NICOLL. 26th November 1668. 

Apprentice to John Muir. — Son of Robert Hardie, Burgess in Edinburgh. Died 
February 1689. Mar. 25th July 1669, Mary Clerk. 

HAEDYMAN, JOHN HAY. 15th November 1838. 

Apprentice to Humphrey Graham. — Only surviving son of William Henry 
Hardyman, Commander in East India Company Service. Bm-n 2d July 1814. 
Died 9th February 1871. Mar. 28th November 1861, Annabella Gibson, daughter 
of William Paton, Armagh, and relict of Stewart Maxwell. Assistant Extractor, 
Court of Session, 1853-71. 

HARE, ALEXANDER MACONOCHIE. 14th July 1864. 

Apprentice to Robert Blair Maconochie. — Son of Stewart Bayley Hare of Calder- 
hall, Mid-Lothian. B(mi 14th January 1838. Died 14th October 1876, unmarried. 

HARLAW, JAMES. 

Died about 1600. 

HARLAW, JAMES. 1599. 

Son of James Harlaw, W.S.—Died 28th August 1617, aged 44. Mar. 23d April 
1606, Margaret Purves. Keeper of the Privy Seal. 

HART, DAVID. 

Being at the horn, suspended 27th January 1608. 

HARTLEY, WILLIAM AUGUSTUS. Hth April 1887. 

Apprentice to F. Pitman, J. R. Anderson, W. H Mun-ay, and A. R. C. Pitman. — 
Son of William Hartley, Factor to the Eai-1 of Mansfield at Comlongan Castle, 
Dumfriesshire. B&rn 15th July 1861. 

HARVEY, JOHN. 10th December 1789. 

Apprentice to (1) Michael Nasmyth; and (2) Colquhoun Grant — Second son of 

Dr. John Harvey, physician in London. Died 13th December 1832, aged 70, 
unmarried. 

HARVIE, THOMAS. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. Died 2l8t January 1602. 

HASWELL, JAMES. 12th November 1869. 

Apprentice to Thomas Graham Murray. — Eldest son of George Haswell, Writer 
in Edinburgh. Bcn-ii 31st May 1842. Died 18th March 1873, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 85 

HATHORN, VANS, of Changue and Garthland. 3d July 1781. 

Apprentice to Thomas Tod. — Second son of Hugh Hathom of Castlewigg, 
Wigtownshire. Born 1753. Died 14th October 1839. Mar. 19th September 
1814, Jane, eldest daughter of Sir John Dalrymple Hay, of Park Place, Bart. 

HATTON, JAMES. 2d July 1829. 

Apprentice to (1) James Pedie; and (2) James Thomas Murray. — Son of David 
Hatton, Carver and Gilder in Edinburgh. Died 28th September 1866, aged 61. 
Mar. Anne, daughter of John Traquair of Hillhead, Lasswade. 

HATTON, ROBERT. 30th June 1831. 4 

Apprentice to William Renny. — Son of David Hatton, Carver and Gilder in Edin- 
burgh. Born 29th November 1804. Died 24th November 1838. Mar. 13th 
August 1830, Marion Joan, daughter of John Traquair of Hillhead, Lasswade. 

HAY, ADAM. 

See Gordon, Adam Hay. 

HAY, ALEXANDER. 

Son of John Hay, and grandson ol Sir Alexander Hay of Easter Kennet. — Com- 
missioner 18th October 1631. Clerk of Council and Session. 

HAY, ALEXANDER. 19th August 1718. 

Apprentice to Patrick Murray. — Died 6th October 1744. Mar. (1) Ist June 1721, 
Jean, daughter of Mr. Robert Cheyne, one of the Ministers of Edinburgh ; and 
(2) Katherine Lumsden. 

HAY, ALEXANDER, of Hardengreen. Ist July 1819. 

Apprentice to Francis Wilson. — Son of James Hay, Assistant Clerk of Session. 
Born 11th August 1796. Died 18th December 1854. Mar. 24th November 1834, 
Jane, youngest daughter of Robert Brown of Westbarns, East-Lothian. 

HAY, ANDREW, of Haystoun. 

Signs the Acts 7th December 1612. Son of John Hay of Kingsmeadows, Peebles- 
shire. Died 1655. Mar. Janet Hay. 

HAY, ANDREW, of Montblairie. 23d November 1719. 

Apprentice to John Stewart, Senr. — Son of James Hay of Rannes, Aberdeenshire. 
Died 5th December 1750. Mar. (1) Mary, second daughter of Sir Alexander 
Ogilvy of Forglen, Lord of Session; and (2) 1721, Mary, daughter of George 
Allardice of that Ilk. 

HAY, CHARLES. 14th November 1800. 

Apprentice to William Balderston. — Son of Alexander Hay of Mordington, 
Berwickshire. Died in Ceylon 27th December 1819. 

HAY, DANIELL. 

Reported not having an " open buith " 1607. '• 



96 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

HAY, FRANCIS, of Balhousie. 

Son of Peter Hay of Kirkland of Megginch, brother of George, first Earl of 
Kinnoull. Died before 1661. Mar. Margaret, daughter of James Oliphant of 
Bachilton, Perthshire. Fined £2000 by Cromwell's Act of Grace and Pardon 
1654. Commissioner, 26th December 1627. 

HAY, JAMES, OF Carriber. 16th August 1671. 

Apprentice to William Charters and John Kennedy. — Second son of David Hay 
of Woodcokdale, Linlithgow. Died December 1702. Mar. Magdalen Robertson. 

HAY, JAMES, OF Cocklaw. 9th December 1728. 

Apprentice to Andrew Hay of Montblairie. — Second son of Adam Hay of Asleid. 
Died 20th June 1771. Mar. (1) July 1733, Ann, daughter of Alexander Far- 
quharson, W.S. ; and (2) July 1746, Agnes, daughter of John Moodie of Ardbikie, 
Forfarshire. 

HAY, JAMES. 3d August 1742. 

Apprentice to Alexander Stevenson of Montgreenan.— Second son of Lord 
WilUam Hay of Newhall, Mid-Lothian. Died 31st May 1779. Mar. October 
1744, Jane, daughter of John Henderson of Liston, Haddingtonshire. Warden of 
the Mint, 24th March 1744-79. 

HAY, JAMES. 3d July 1778. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Son of James Hay, W.S. Died 6th June 1788. 

HAY, JAMES. 13th July 1780. 

Apprentice to (1) William Hay; and (2) John Syme. — Eldest son of William 
Hay, W.S. Died 1794. 

HAY, JAMES. 30th June 1789. 

Apprentice to Thomas Tod. — Eldest son of John Hay, younger of Hopes, East- 
Lothian. Died 15th October 1821. Mar. 11th July 1798, Matilda Hay, daughter 
of Captain John Clark, H.E.I.C.S., and widow of Alexander Falconar of Woodcot. 

HAY, JOHN. 

Commissioner, 4th December 1595. Mar. 26th May 1602, Maria Johnston. 

HAY, JOHN, OF Restalrig. 1st March 1726. 

Apprentice to Hew Crawford. — Second son of Alexander Hay of Huntingdon, 
East-Lothiau. Died 6th December 1784. Mar. December 1727, Anne, daughter 
and heiress of James Elphinston of Restalrig, Mid-Lothian. Treasurer to Prince 
Charles, whom he accompanied to France. Attainted, 1746. Fiscal, 1732-34. 
Treasurer, 1736-46. Substitute-Keeper, 1725-41, 1742-46. 

HAY, ROBERT. '^^^ "^^''^ ""' 13th June 1646. 

Apprentice to Thomas Forrest. — Eldest son of Robert Hay, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Mar. Christian Rae. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 97 

HAY, WILLIAM, or Crawfordton. 13th January 1755. 

Apprentice to James Hay. — Son of James Hay, Physician in Dumfries. Died 
13th June 1776. Mar. January 1752, Mary, daughter of Ludovick Cant of 
Thurston, East-Lothian. 

HAY, WILLIAM, of Craufordton. 20th June 1769. 

Apprentice to James Hay of Cocklaw. — Son of Dr. James Hay, Physician in 
Dumfries, and brother-uterine of Alexander, Lord Banff. Died 25th December 
1796. Mar. Mary, daughter of Samuel Forbes of Knapperny, Aberdeenshire. 

HAY, WILLIAM WARING. 24th May 1821. 

See Newton, William Waring Hay. 

HEART, J. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. 

HECTOR, DAVID. ' 6th December 1827. . 

Apprentice to Charles Oliphant. — Youngest son of John Hector, residing in 
Aberdeen. Born 1802. Died 23d December 1874. 3Iar. 16th November 1855, 
Mary Charlotte, daughter of William Hay, of Laxfirth, Zetland. Admitted 
Advocate, 10th February 1837. Advocate-Depute, 1852. Sheriff of Galloway, 
1861. 

HEGGIE, GEORGE, of Pitlessie. 15th May 1817. 

Apprentice to David Wemyss. — Son of James Heggie, Merchant in Kirkcaldy, 
and grandson of George Heggie of Pitlessie, Fifeshire. Died at Moulmein, 
East Indies, 5th January 1842, aged 50, unmarried. 

HENDERSON, ALEXANDER. 6th June 1691. 

Son of William Henderson, W.S. Died 1697. 

HENDERSON, JAMES, of Pittadro. 11th December 1682. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, William Henderson, W.S. 

HENDERSON, JOHN. 25th November 1824. 

Apprentice to William Inglis. — Second son of William Henderson of Scotscalder. 
Sheriff-Substitute of Caithness. Born 21st December 1800. Died 25th August 
1883. Mar. 10th August 1829, his cousin, Barbara, daughter of William 
Henderson, Edinburgh. Author of Notes of Caithness Family History. 

HENDERSON, RICHARD. 7th June 1797. 

Apprentice to Charles Stewart. — Eldest son of Archibald Henderson, Merchant 
in Glasgow. Died 30th June 1820. Mar. 16th June 1803, Jean, third daughter 
of Alexander Fisher, Greenock. 

HENDERSON, ROBERT. 30th June 1831. 

Apprentice to (1) William Forbes; and (2) Hugh Tod. — Son of Robert Hender- 
son, Writer in Stirling. Brni 17th April 1807. Died 27th October 1852, 
unmarried. Admitted Advocate 26th November 1836. 

N 



9^ THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

HENDERSON, THOMAS. Uth July 1859. 

Apprentice to David Smith. — Son of William Henderson, Inspector, National 
Bank of Scotland. Bmn 2d June 1835. Died 8th October 1866, unmarried. 

HENDERSON, or HENRYSON, WALTER. 
Commissioner, 15th December 1594. 

HENDERSON, or HENRYSON, WILLIAM. 15th May 1643. 

Apprentice to Robert Pringle. — Son of John Henry son, servitor to Mr. William 
Hay, one of the Clerks of Session. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

HENDERSON, WILLIAM SCOTT. 20th May 1845. 

Apprentice to William Charles Balderston and John Scott. — Second son of 
Robert Henderson of Abbotrule, Roxburghshire. Bom 8th October 1821. Died 
3d February 1859, unmarried. 

HENDRY, JOHN. ' 13th November 1862.'^ 

Apprentice to John Stewart. — Born 18th November 1833. Died 18th May 
1863, unmarried. Author of a Manual of Conveyancing, 1859, and other works. 

HENRY, MA.TTHEW. 16th July 1888. 

Apprentice to J. R. M. Wedderburn. — Son of John Henry, S.S.C. Born 10th 
May 1864. 

HEPBURN, JOHN BUCHAN, of Castle Dykks. 24th November 1831. 

Apprentice to Morrison and Burnett. — Third son of Sir John Buchan Hepburn 
of Smeaton, Bart. j9o»-n 2d May 1808. J5i«i Uth December 1874. Mar. 30th 
May 1837, Margaret Sophia, youngest daughter of A. F. Swinton, Warsash 
House, Hants. Solicitor to Court of Exchequer. 

HEPBURN, JOHN STEWART, of Colquhalzie. 8th December 1808. 

Apprentice to John Campbell of Annfield. — Son of Thomas Hepburn of 
Colquhalzie, Perthshire. Bom July 1783. Died 20th September 1872. Mar. 
19th September 1815, Helen, second daughter of Adam Stewart of Clunie. 

HEPBURN, ROBERT, of Stonislate and Baads. Uth May 1705. 

Apprentice to John Macfarlane. — Died 27th October 1738. Mar.' I3th August 
1707, Katherine, daughter of Sir David Home, Lord Crossrig. 

HERIOT, JAMES, of Ramornie. 4th October 1798. 

Apprentice to Andrew Stuart. — Second son of Captain the Hon. Frederick 
Maitland of Rankeillor, Fifeshire. 5(wn 11th September 1774. Died 2&th. April 
1848. Mar. 31st December 1813, Margaret, the second daughter of William 
Dalgleish of Scotscraig, Fifeshire. 

HERON, JAMES, of Dalmorf^ 19th November 1835. 

i^< Apprentice to Tod and Hill. — Son of James Heron, Merchant in Ajrr. Boi-n 2d 

March 1811. Died November 1849, unmarried. ,; 



LIST OF MEMBEES ...^^ 99 

HERRIES, WILLIAM YOUNG, of Spottes. 18th November 1817. 

Apprentice to, and only son of, Alexander Young, of Harburn, W.S. — Born 3d 
July 1794. Died 12th February 1872. Mar. 3d September 1822, Hon. Amelia 
Saumarez, youngest daughter of James, first Lord De Saumarez. Assumed name 
of Herries, 1823. 

HEWAT, PETER. 21st December 1809. 

Apprentice to Michael Linning. — Son of Peter Hewat, Baxter in Edinburgh. 
Born 1782. Died 4th December 1832. Mar. 12th March 1819, Isabella, eldest 
daughter of Andrew Taylor of Westbams. 

HEWAT, PETER 

Commissioner, 15th December 1594. Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

HIGGINS, JAMES ALEXANDER, of Newck. 10th March 1789. 

Apprentice to James Ferrier. — Only son of John Higgins of Newck, Stirlingshire. 
B&m 17th September 1765. Died 26th September 1822. 

HILL, ANDREW. 29th November 1821. 

Apprentice to Francis Brodie and George Imlach. — Third son of Dr. Andrew 
Hill, Physician in Greenock. Born 1797. Died 19th March 1874, unmarried. 

HILL, HENRY DAVID. 5th March 1818. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Fourth son of George Hill, Principal of St. Mary's 
College, St. Andrews. Died 25th July 1858, aged 67, unmarried. 

HILL, JAMES. 4th July 1822. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Robert Hill, W.S. — Bwn 1800. Died Feb- 
ruary 1841. 

HILL, JOHN BOSWELL. 21st July 1879. 

Apprentice to, and son of, James Lawson Hill, W.S. — Born 11th December 1855. 

HILL, JAMES LAWSON. 5th March 1835. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Son of Charles Hill of Luthrie, Fifeshire. Bm-n 
27th April 1812. Died 26th February 1883. Mar. (1) 19th November 1838, 
Margaret, youngest daughter of James Dunlop, Glasgow ; and (2) 26th April 
1853, Sibella, daughter of John James Boswell, Surgeon, H.E.I.C.S. Commissary 
Clerk of Mid-Lothian, 1860-83. 

HILL, LAWRENCE, of Baklanekk. 12th July 1779. 

Apprentice to (1) John Bell; and (2) Alexander Menzies.— Son of James Hill, 

Writer in Glasgow. Died 11th December 1792. 
HILL, NINIAN. 30th June 1801. 

Apprentice to Robert Hill.— Son of James Hill, Writer in Glasgow. Died 27th 

March 1814. Mar. 13th December 1801, Isabella, daughter of John Lang, 

Writer, Glasgow. 



100 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

HILL, ROBERT. 12th March 1795. 

Apprentice to (1) Lawrence Hill; and (2) Harry Davidson. — Son of James Hill, 
Writer in Glasgow. Born 1771. Died 184:2. ifan 4th August 1794, Barbara, 
daughter of Mr. Geddes, Merchant, Cupar. 

HILL, ROBERT, of Rosebank. 19th June 1812. 

Apprentice to John Anderson. — Son of Robert Hill, Kilmarnock. Died 11th 
August 1813. Mar. Jane Caldwell. 

HILL, ROBERT. 17th March 1859. 

Apprentice to Walter and John Cook. — Third son of Rev. Alexander Hill, D.D., 
Professor of Divinity in the University of Glasgow. Bom 14th April 1831. 
Mar. 26th March 1861, Mary, daughter of Thomas Croil, Merchant, Barbadoes. 

HOGARTH, ANDREW. 23d June 1829. 

Apprentice to George Hogarth. — Son of David Hogarth of Hilton, Berwickshire. 
Bom 1806. Died 22d March 1884. Mar. 25th March 1834, Dorothy, daughter 
of Patrick Dickson of Whitecross, Berwickshire. 

HOGARTH, GEORGE. 22d June 1810. 

Apprentice to J. A. Higgins. — Eldest son of Robert Hogarth, Farmer in Carfrac, 
Berwickshire. Died 12th February 1870, aged 85. Mar. Ist June 1814, 
Georgina, daughter of George Thomas, Principal Clerk to the Hon. Board 
of Trustees. Author of Musical History, Biography, and Criticism, 1835, and other 
works. Father-in-law of Charles Dickens, novelist. 

HOGE, WILLIAM. 24th December 1673. 

Apprentice to John Wilkie. — Died before 1688. Mar. April 1676, Isobel, 
daughter of Mr. John Sinclair, Minister of Ormiston. 

HOGG, ANDREW. 28th July 1690. 

Apprentice to William Hoge. — Died October 1691. Mar. Jean Sinclair. 

HOGGAN, EDWARD. 5th July 1821. 

Apprentice to Francis Napier. — Son of George Hoggan of Waterside, Dumfries- 
shire. Z)ie(i 20th February 1867. Jfar. 1834, Elizabeth Craigie. 

HOGUE, THOMAS JOHN. 11th July 1839. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hunter. — Second son of Arthur Hogue, residing at 
Barron House, Somersetshire. Bom 23d November 1815. Died at Chittagong 
27th July 1844, unmarried. 

HOME, ALEXANDER. 27th November 1673. 

Apprentice to William Chieslie. — Son of John Home of Manderstoune, Berwick- 
shire. Died 15th May 1702, aged 56. Mar. (1) 1st June 1676, Anna Home; 
and (2) Euphan, daughter of Thomas Young of Leny, Mid-Lothian, W.S. 
Commissary of Lauder, 1690-1702. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 101 

HOME, GEOEGE, of Wkdderburn and Paxton. 8th July 1763. 

Apprentice to James Purves. — Second son of Alexander Home of Sardenfield, 
Berwickshire. Died 10th February 1820. Principal Clerk of Session, 26th July 
1781 to 11th November 1808. .- 

HOME, HENRY. 29th July 1762. 

Apprentice to John Davidson. — Eldest son of Alexander Home, Writer in Duns. 
Barn 1732. Died May 1803. Mar. February 1767, Elizabeth, daughter of the 
Rev. Andrew Boyd, Minister of Twynholm. 

HOME, JAMES, of Gamelsheills. 2d March 1686. 

Apprentice to Andrew Young. — Son of George Home of Gamelsheills. Died 1719. 
Mar. 19th February 1696, Agnes, only daughter of Andrew Arrett of Dunbam. 

HOME, SIR JAMES, of Blackadder, Bart. 20th June 1726. 

Apprentice to Robert Hepburn. — Second son of Sir John Home of Blackadder, 
Bart. Died 28th March 1755. Alar. Catherine, daughter of George Livingstone, 
Depute-Clerk of Session. Commissary of Lauder, 15th December 1739. 

HOME, JAMES. 25th November 1765. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Hepburn; and (2) Thomas Baillie. — Eldest son of 
Alexander Home, Collector of Excise, Stirling. Died 9th October 1768. Mar. 
1754, Mary, daughter of William Mitchelson, Builder in Edinburgh. Depute- 
Clerk of Session, May 1768. 

HOME, JAMES, of Linhouse. 19th March 1782. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Only son of James Home, W.S. Boi-n 17th 
December 1755. Died 2d January 1819. Mar. 20th August 1802, Catherine, 
eldest daughter of William Mitchell, Edinburgh. Lyon-Depute, 8th August 1796. 

HOME, JOHN. 20th February 1812. 

Apprentice to John Davidson. — Eldest son of George Home, Town-Clerk of Leith. 
Born 1758. Died 13th October 1831. Mar. (1) Janet Halliday; and (2) Jean 
Morrison. Substitute-Keeper of the Signet, 1785-1831. 

HOME, JOHN. 12th January 1866. 

Apprentice to John and Henry Gordon Gibson.— -Son of William Home, W.S. 
Born 20th May 1838. Died 10th April 1890, unmarried. 

HOME, PATRICK, of Bastlerig. 13th July 1695. 

Apprentice to Robert Carstairs. — Died August 1717. Mar. Helen Home. 
Treasurer, 1703-10. 

HOME, WILLIAM. 19th June 1823. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Home, W.S. — Died 6th May 1846, aged 50. 
Mar. 8th April 1829, Charlotte Helen, daughter of John Bume of Kingston. 



Idd THE SOCIETY OF WKITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

HOPE, DAVID. 12th December 1707. 

Apprentice to Thomas Pringle. — Fourth son of Sir Archibald Hope, one of the 
Senators of the College of Justice. Died December 1736, unmairied. 

HOPE, HUGH. 8th February 1838. 

Apprentice to Walker, Richardson, and Melville. — Fourth son of Sir John Hope 
of Pinkie, Bart. Bom 3d June 1813. Died 15th August 1876. Mar. 1st August 
1848, Catherine, daughter of Archibald Spens of Manor. 

HOPE, JAMES. 1st March 1799. 

Apprentice to James Walker. — Third son of Dr. John Hope, Physician in Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n 7th September 1769. Died 14th November 1842. Mar. 16th July 
1805, Jane, daughter of James Walker of Dairy, Edmburgh. 

HOPE, JAMES. 4th July 1828. 

Apprentice to James Hope. — Third son of the Eight Hon. Charles Hope of Gran- 
ton, Lord President of the Court of Session. Bm-n 28th May 1803. Died 14th 
February 1882. Mar. 2d December 1828, Elizabeth, daughter of David Boyle of 
Shewalton, Lord President of the Court of Session. Joint Deputy-Keeper of the 
Signet, 1828-50; sole Keeper, 1850-82. 

HOPE, JAMES, OF Belmont. 10th December 1840. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, James Hope, W.S. — Born 1st July 1818. Mar. 
16th April 1850, Hon. Gertrude Elphinstone, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel 
James Drummond BuUer Elphinstone, and sister of William, fifteenth Baron 
Elphinstone. 

HOPE, JAMES ARTHUR, LL.B. 28th October 1889. 

Apprentice to John Kirk. — Son of David Boyle Hope, Advocate, Sheriff of 

Dumfries and Galloway. Bom 21st January 1865. 
HOPE, JAMES EDWARD. 31st October 1879. 

Apprentice to (1) James Hope ; and (2) A. Howe, J. S. Tytler, and W. Macgillivray. 

— Eldest son of James Hope of Belmont, W.S. Born 6th November 1852. Mar. 1st 

June 1880, Sophia, fifth daughter of Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath, Bart. 
HOPE, JOHN. 12th November 1829. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Hope, W.S. — Born 12th May 1807. 

HOPKIRK, JOHN GLASSFORD. 15th November 1811. 

Apprentice to Sir James Gibson-Craig. — Second son of James Hopkirk of Dal- 
beth, Lanarkshire. Barn 1789. Died 2d August 1859. Mar. 12th September 
1815, Jessie, second daughter of John Hamilton of Poltnont Bank, Stirlingshire. 

HORNE, DONALD, of Langwell. 6th July 1813. 

Apprentice to James Home, his uncle. — Second son of John Home of Stirkoke, 
Caithness. Died 23d June 1870, aged 83. Mar. Ist June 1821, Jane, daughter 
of Thomas Elliot Ogilvie of Chesters, Roxburghshire. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 103 

HORNE, JAMES, of Langwell. 16th November 1781. 

Apprentice to James Marshall. — Son of William Home, tacksman of Scouthill, 
Watten, Caithness. Died 29th September 1831, aged 79. 

HORNE, THOMAS. 3d May 1881. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Thomas Elliot Ogilvie Home, W.S. — Barn 25th 
June 1854. Mar. 6th August 1885, Horatia Georgiana Ramsay, second daughter 
of Major James Wardlaw, Belmaduthy, and widow of William G. C. Asher. 

HORNE, THOMAS ELLIOT OGILVIE. 24th June 1852. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Donald Home, W.S. — Bom 1st January 1829. Died 
26th June 1884. Mar. Priscilla Moore. I J Ji 

HORSBRUGH, CHARLES EDWARD. 15th July 1890. 

Apprentice to D. Beith, R. D. Beith, A. Forrester, and P. Murray. — Son of 
William Horsbrugh, Cupar-Fife. Bvrn 16th July 1865. 

HORSBURGH, WALTER 27th Febraary 1818. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie. — Son of Thomas Horsburgh, tenant in Yair, Sel- 
kirkshire. Bom 1792. Died 22d June 1858. Mar. 21st September 1830, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of the Rev. Andrew Murray, D.D., Minister of Auchterderran. 

HOSSACK, CAMPBELL. 13th January 1890. 

Apprentice to Alexander Paterson Purves. — Youngest son of Robert Campbell 
Hossack, Bonnington Grove. Born 26th August 1865. 

HOTCHKIS, JAMES. 23d June 1820. 

Apprentice to Richard Hotchkis and James Tytler. — Only son of Richard 
Hotchkis, W.S. Bcn-n 16th August 1795. Died 24th March 1865. Mar. 20th 
July 1824, Margaret, youngest daughter of Major Thomas Hart of Castlemilk, 
Dumfriesshire. 

HOTCHKIS, JAMES NAPIER. 12th July 1887. 

Apprentice to George Dunlop. — Eldest son of Major Richard James Hotchkis, 
and grandson of James Hotchkis, W.S. Born 16th July 1863. 

HOTCHKIS, RICHARD, of Templehall. 1st August 1788. 

Apprentice to (1) John Bell; and (2) James and William Tytler. — Son of James 
Hotchkis of Hoxwood, Shropshire, Brewer in Edinburgh. Born 5th May 1759. 
Died 23d February 1824. Mar. 1st July 1791, Isobel, daughter of Richard 
Gardner, Comptroller-General of Customs. Treasurer, 1792-1824. 

HOUSTOUN, ARCHIBALD. 29th December 1699. 

Apprentice to Robert Carstairs. — Killed in a brawl by Gilbert Kennedy, younger 
of Auchtyfardle, March 1706. Mar. 27th January 1702, Esther, daughter of 
Robert Carstairs, W.S. 



104 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

HOWATSON, WILLIAM, of Hazelbrae. 16th June 1818. 

Apprentice to Alexander Goldie. — Eldest son of William Howatson of Hazelbrae. 
Born 1793. Died 7th May 1821. 

HOWDEN, ANDREW. 19th June 1818. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Son of James Howden, Watchmaker in Edin- 
burgh. Died 27th March 1861, aged 66. Mar. 16th July 1827, Laura, daughter 
of Robert Richard Maitland, Edinburgh. 

HOWDEN, ANDREW CASSELS. 26th May 1825. 

Apprentice to John Renton and Joseph Grant. — Son of Alexander Howden, 
Merchant in Leith. Born 1801. Died 19th March 1875. Mar. (1) 3d Septem- 
ber 1827, Catherine Sinclair, only child of Adam Robinson of Pearmontj and 
(2) Miss Fulton. 

HOWDEN, ROBERT. 9th July 1821. 

Apprentice to William Dallas. — Eldest son of Francis Howden, Goldsmith in 
Edinburgh. Born 1797. Died 20th June 1858. Mar. 27th November 1852, 
Eliza Sophia, daughter of H. C. Burnet, York, and widow of W. H. S. James, 
Calcutta. 

HOWE, ALEXANDER 8th November 1849. 

Apprentice to (1) John Mackenzie Lindsay ; and (2) Thomas George Mackay. — 
Son of Charles Howe, residing in Forfar. Born 26th April 1820. 

HUGHES, GEORGE. 15th November 1832. 

Apprentice to George TumbuU. — Born 17th August 1808. Died 6th November 
1873. Mar. 7th August 1838, Helen Magniac, youngest daughter of David 
Erskine, of Elambazar, Bengal. 

HUME, JOHN. 12th August 1783. 

Apprentice to David Anderson. — Third son of John Hume of Nine wells, Berwick- 
shire. Died 10th October 1806. 

HUME, MATHEW NORMAN MACDONALD, of Bernisdale. 

17th November 1816. 
Apprentice to Michael Linning. — Son of Norman Macdonald of Scalpay, Inver- 
ness-shire. Born 1793. Died 7th July 1878. Mar. (1) 5th March 1818, 
Catherine Finnan; (2) 26th July 1831, Grace, daughter of Sir John Hay of 
Smithfield and Haystoun, Bart. ; and (3) 25th April 1843, Agnes Hume of Nine- 
wells, second daughter of the Hon. David Hume, Baron of Exchequer. 

HUNT, JAMES, of Navity. Slst May 1860. 

Apprentice to (1) John Cosens ; and (2) James Charles Murray. — Son of William 
Hunt, W.S. Born 9th February 1828. Died 13th October 1879, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 105 

HUNT, WILLIAM, of Navity. 25th June 1819. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie and William Innes. — Eldest son of Charles Hunt, 
Dunfermline. Died 9th October 1854, aged 59. Mar. 17th April 1826, Mary, 
only daughter of James Normand of Baltilly, Fifeshire. 

HUNTEE, ALEXANDER. 22d November 1813. 

Apprentice to, and fourth son of, John Hunter of Doonholm, Ayrshire, W.S. 
—Bm-n 9th January 1790. Died 28th September 1858. Mar. 26th April 1819, 
Maria, third daughter of Alexander Maclean of Coll, Argyllshire. Sheriflf-Clerk 
of Ayrshire, 1827-58. 

HUNTER, ALEXANDER GIBSON, of Blackness. 7th June 1797. 

Apprentice to John Anderson. — Eldest son of David Hunter of Blackness, 
Linlithgowshire. Bm-v, 1771. Died 9th March 1812. Mar. 29th August 1800, 
Ann, daughter of Alexander Gibson Wright of Cliftonhall, Mid-Lothian. 

HUNTER, EVAN ALLAN. 15th June 1848. 

Apprentice to John M. Lindsay. — Son of Alexander Hunter, W.S. Born 19th 
June 1825. Died 16th April 1890. Mar. 15th June 1871, Ernestine Eglinton, 
daughter of John Stuart Hay Newton of Newton. Sheriff-Clerk of Ayrshire, 
1858-90. 

HUNTER, FRANK. 28th October 1881. 

Apprentice to Evan AUan Hunter, his uncle. — Son of Alexander Maclean Hunter, 
residing at Balla-Balla, Cranboume, Australia. Born 26th July 1858. Mar. 31st 
March 1886, Elizabeth Agnes, daughter of Rev. John Mein-Austin of St. Mungo. 

HUNTER, JOHN, of Doonholm. 26th June 1769. 

Apprentice to John Bell. — Second son of Andrew Hunter of Abbotshill, Ayrshire, 
Writer in Edinburgh. Born 21st April 1746. Died 24th April 1823. Mar. 
1773, Jane, second daughter of William Fergusson of Doonholm and Bonnytoun. 

HUNTER, JOHN. 22d November 1821. 

Apprentice to William Mackenzie and Alexander Monypenny. — Son of David 
Hunter, Brewer in Aberdeen. DiM 21st January 1848. Mar. 

HUNTER, JOHN. 6th July 1826. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Eldest son of Dr. James Hunter, Professor of Logic 
in University of St. Andrews, ^wre 1801. Di«d 3d December 1869. J/wr. 18th 
September 1829, Helen, daughter of Richard Vary of Crossford, Lanarkshire. 
Auditor of Court of Session, 1849-66. 

HUNTER, RICHARD. 15th November 1838. 

Apprentice to Mackenzie and Sharpe. — Son of Richard Hunter, of the Hon. East 
India Company's Service. Bom 20th June 1817. Died July 1844, unmarried. 

o 



106 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

HUNTER, THOMAS. 11th November 1647. 

Apprentice to James Farquharson. — Son of Thomas Hunter, Bailie in Carsland, 
ft Ayrshire. 

HUNTER, WILLIAM. 30th December 1647. 

Resigned his Commission, 15th October 1663, on account of his age. 

HUNTER, WILLIAM CONSTABLE. 19th March 1888. 

Apprentice to David S. Dickson and David Shaw. — Son of Patrick Hunter of 
Watery butts, Perthshire. Bom 14th March 1865. 

HUNTER, WILLIAM VARY. 17th March 1864. 

Apprentice to Charles Morton. — Son of John Hunter, W.S., Auditor of Court of 
Session. Boxn 30th September 1839. Died 18th January 1872, unmarried. 

HUTCHESON, JAMES. 1st August 1707. 

Apprentice to Adam Fullerton. — Died 1726. Mar. Margaret Scougall. 

HUTCHESON, JAMES. 27th June 1878. 

Apprentice to George Dalziel. — Bmn 10th August 1846. 

HUTCHINSON, ALEXANDER. 4th February 1830. 

Apprentice to James Amott. — Son of Captain John Hutchinson, Commander of 
the Irish Revenue cutter Nepean. Died 14th November 1869, aged 71. Mar. 
(1) 1834, Jane Charlotte Gordon ; and (2) 19th June 1851, Elizabeth, daughter 
of the Rev. James Watt, of the Grammar School, Aberdeen. 

HYNDMAN, JOHN BLAIR, of Springside. 12th December 1816. 

Apprentice to Coll Macdonald. — Son of Robert Hyndman of Springside, Ayr- 
shire. Died 20th January 1843, aged 50, unmarried. 

HYSLOP, WILLIAM AIRD. 20th October 1884. 

Apprentice to Charles Baxter. — Son of James Macadam Hyslop, M.D., residing 
in Edinburgh. Born 24th December 1859. 

IMLACH, GEORGE. 7th March 1788. 

Apprentice to John Tait. — Eldest son of the Rev. Alexander Imlach, Minister at 
Muirhouse. Died 1812. Mar. Mary Cunningham. 

IMLACH, GEORGE. 22d Februaiy 1813. 

Apprentice to John Dickson. — Only son of George Imlach, W.S. Died 3d 
February 1823. Mar. 14th June 1813, Agnes, daughter of Robert Wight, 
Murrays, East-Lothian. 

IN6LIS, ANDREW. 17th July 1862. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Henry IngUs of Torsonce, Mid-Lothian, W.S. 
— Bom 4th January 1833. Mar. 28th July 1862, Eliza Louisa, eldest daughter 
of Major-General Frederick Hope. 

INGLIS, GEORGE. 3d July 1632. 

Apprentice to George Lermonth. .■..■■■, 



LIST or MEMBERS '' 107 

INGLIS, HAERY HERBERT. 16th July 187S. 

Apprentice to Frederick Pitman. — Younger son of the Right Hon. John IngUs of 
Glencorse, Mid-Lothian, Lord Justice-General. Born 21st July 1848. 

INGLIS, HARRY MAXWELL, of Loganbank. 1st July 1828/' 

Apprentice to Archibald Gibson. — Eldest son of the Rev. John Inglis, D.D., one 
of the Ministers of Edinburgh, and brother of Right Hon. John Inglis, Lord 
Justice-General. Born 1800. Died 7th May 1883, unmarried. Principal Clerk 
of Session, 3d June 1858 to 1880. 

INGLIS, HENRY, of Toksonce. 13th November 1828. 

Apprentice to, and son of, William Inglis, W.S. — Born 6th November 1806. 
Died 3d April 1885. Mar. (1) 2d April 1832, Mary Ann, daughter of Andrew- 
Stein of Wester Greenyards; and (2) 27th January 1880, Ann Kinnear. Author 
of llie Briar of Threave, and tJie Lily of Barholm, 1855, and other poems. Struck 
off List of Society on 14th AprU 1879. 

INGLIS, JOHN, of Auohindinnie. 7th August 1691. 

Apprentice to Archibald Nisbet. — Son of John Inglis of Langbyres, Lanarkshire. 
Died 31st January 1731. Mar. (1) Helen Hay ; and (2) Catherine Nisbet. 

INGLIS, JOHN, of Aberholdoun. 9th December 1717. 

Apprentice to John Inglis. — Died 24th November 1726. 

INGLIS, WILLIAM. 25th June 1632. 

Apprentice to John Gilmour. — Died 1647. Mar. Susan Pringle. 

INGLIS, WILLIAM. 26th June 1789. 

Apprentice to Andrew Stuart. — Second son of Laurence Inglis, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Died 20th June 1830. Mar. 16th March 1797, daughter of James 
Stein of Kilbagie, Clackmannanshire. 

INNES, ALEXANDER. 5th December 1699. 

Apprentice to Robert Innes, his brother. — Son of Alexander Innes of Blairtoun, 
Aberdeenshire. Struck off Roll, not having paid his fees. 

INNES, ALEXANDER. 6th August 1768. 

Apprentice to John Davidson. — Eldest son of Alexander Innes of Cathlaw, 
Linlithgowshire. Died 1782. Mar. 14th Januaiy 1775, Janet, youngest daughter 
of Thomas Shairp of Houston, Linlithgowshire. 

INNES, CHARLES. 25th November 1780. 

Apprentice to David Anderson. — Son of Alexander Innes, Advocate in Aberdeen. 
Z'iei 27th September 1818. 

INNES, EDWIN SANDYS MITCHELL. 16th November 1871. 

Apprentice to John M. Lindsay and Alexander Howe. — Son of George Mitchell 
Innes of Bangour, Linlithgowshire. £orn. 4th July 1846. 



im THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET 

INNES, JAMES. 28th February 1811. 

Apprentice to James Fraser, Francis Brodie, and David Wemyss. — Son of John 
Innes, W.S., residing in Durris. Died 1842, aged 57. 

INNES, JOHN, OF Leuchars. 22d November 177S. 

Apprentice to Charles Gordon. — Son of Robert Innes, Merchant in Elgin. Boi-n 
13th October 1747. Died 10th May 1827. Mar. 2d September 1780, Euphemia, 
daughter of James Bussel of Earlsmill. Sheriff-Substitute of Kincardineshire, 
1808-27. Father of Cosmo Innes, the Antiquary. 

INNES, JOHN, OF CowiE. 16th January 1800. 

Apprentice to George Robinson. — Eldest son of Alexander Innes of Breda, 
Commissary of Aberdeen. Bam 1776. Died 17th April 1832. Mar. (1) 25th 
July 1800, Une Cameron, eldest daughter of Robert Barclay of Urie, Kincardine- 
shire J and (2) Janet, eldest daughter of William Rogers, Edinburgh. 

INNES, JOHN BROWN. 16th November 1837. 

Apprentice to, and son of, William Innes, W.S. — Bom 26th September 1814. 
Died 2d February 1883. Mar. 20th October 1855, Emily, daughter of Rowland 
Burdon Cotgrave, Pinner, Middlesex. 

INNES, JOHN COTGRAVE. 28th April 1882. 

Apprentice to J. B. Innes, John Logan, and C. B. Logan. — Only son of John 
Brown Innes, W.S. Born 23d December 1857. 

INNES, ROBERT, of Blairtoun. 11th May 1680. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Eldest son of Alexander Innes of Blairtoun, 
Aberdeenshire. Died January 1699. Mar. Sophia Smith. Lyon-Depute, 1681. 
M.P. Anstruther-Easter, 1685-6. 

INNES, THOMAS, of Monellie. 11th January 1758. 

Apprentice to (1) Andrew Hay of Montblairie ; and (2) Andrew Burnet. — Second 
son of Thomas Innes of Muryfold. Born 15th November 1730. Died 6th 
September 1779. Mar. Elizabeth Innes. 

INNES, THOMAS. 8th March 1821. 

Apprentice to John Innes, Junr. — Third son of John Innes, W.S. Bom 1798. 

Died 17th December 1844. Mar. 2d February 1832, Mary, daughter of Archibald 

Bogle, Merchant in Glasgow. 
INNES, WILLIAM. 4th January 1671. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Alexander ; (2) William Chalmer ; (3) James Cheyne. 

— Son of William Innes of Tibbertie. Mar. February 1690, Jean, second daughter 

of David Murray, of Clairden. 

INNES, WILLIAM. 18th March 1704. 

Apprentice to Robert Innes. — Died June 1746. Mar. Janet, daughter of Sir 
William Cunningham of Caprington, Bart., and widow of George Primrose of 
Dunipace. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 109 

INNES, WILLIAM. 18th May 1801. 

Apprentice to Archibald Milne. — Eldest son of John Innes of Blackhills, Elgin- 
shire. Died 8th August 1841, aged 66. Mar. 18th August 1810, Mary, eldest 
daughter of George Brown of Linkwood, Elginshire. 

IRVINE, JOHN. 25th Augiist 1698. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Son of Robert Irvine of Cults, Aberdeenshire. 

IRVING, GEORGE, of Newton. 8th February 1720. 

Apprentice to Alexander Home. — Son of James Irving, Usher of the Privy 

Council. Died 19th June 1742. Mar. 1711, Sarah, daughter of Thomas Weir, 

Surgeon in Edinburgh. Clerk to the City of Edinburgh. 
IRVING, GEORGE. 20th November 1828. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Irving, W.S. — Bom 1805. Died 19th February 

1841, unmarried. 

IRVING, JOHN. 10th July 1794. 

Apprentice to John Tait. — Second son of George Irving of Newton, Lanarkshire. 
Bmn November 1770. Died 26th May 1850. Mar. 2d July 1804, Agnes Clerk, 
eldest daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis Hay, R.E. 

IRVING, PATRICK, of Inveramsay. 19th November 1797. 

Apprentice to Lachlan Duff. — Son of John Irving of Auchmunzie. Born 23d 
September 1773. Died 3d February 1854. Mar. 1st June 1803, Margaret, 
daughter of Patrick Orr of Bridgeton, Kincardineshire. Author of Considerations 
of the Inexpediency) of the Law of Entail, 1826, and other legal works. 

IRVING, ROBERT. 28th July 1751. 

Apprentice to Thomas Goldie. — Second son of William Irving of Bonshaw, 
Dumfriesshire. Died 20th November 1772. Mar. January 1764, Mary, daughter 
of William Veitch of EUiock, Dumfriesshire, W.S. 

IVORY, HOLMES. 19th April 1876. 

Apprentice to Alexander F. Adam and John Kirk. — Eldest son of William Ivory, 
Advocate, Sheriff of Inverness. Born 21st March 1851. Mar. 21st December 
1877, Margaret Dick, eldest daughter of John Dick Peddie, R.S.A., Architect, 
Edinburgh. 

IVORY, WILLIAM. 23d November 1827. 

Apprentice to Thomas Mackenzie. — Son of Thomas Ivory, residing in Dundee. 
Died 21st May 1868, aged 70. Mar. 30th April 1846, Robina, daughter of Robert 
Cox of Gorgie, Mid-Lothian. Compiled a Catalogue of the Law-Books in the 
Library of the Society of Writers to Her Majesty's Signet, 1856. 

JACKSON, GIDEON. 23d September 1736. 

Apprentice to Alexander M'Millan. — Son of Robert Jackson of Lowherelds. 
Died 11th August 1773. Mar. Mary Hepburn. Resigned his Commission, 15th 
March 1746. Clerk to the Tolbooth, 1775. 



no THE SOCIETY OF .WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

JAMESON, ANDEEW. 17th November 1836. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Son of John Jameson, residing in Dublin. Born 
19th September 1812. Died January 1872. Mar. Uth March 1852, Margaret 
Cochrane. SherifF-Clerk of Clackmannan, 1841-72. 

JAMESON, GEOEGE GEANT. 21st November 1833. ' 

Apprentice to (1) David Eamsay; and (2) John Donaldson. — Son of the Eev. 
John Jameson, D.D. Born 1st April 1805. Died 1835, unmarried. 

JAMESON, JAMES HOTCHKIS. 4th August 1880. 

Apprentice to J. B. Innes and John and C. B. Logan. — Son of Andrew Jameson, 
Advocate, Sheriff of Aberdeen and Kincardine. Born 4th January 1855. Mar. 
25th March 1884, Virginia, elder daughter of William Ker, Manilla. 

JAMESON, WILLIAM, of Eosefield. 13th December 1793. 

Apprentice to Eobert Boswell. — Only son of William Jameson, Mason, and Deacon 
Convener of the Trades, Edinburgh. Died 26th June 1825. Mar. (1) November 
1795, daughter of John Spottiswoode, Merchant in Edinburgh; and (2) Elizabeth 
Jane Turnbull. 

JAMIESON, JAMES AULDJO. 15th March 1861. 

Apprentice to John Dundas, William Wilson, and A. M. Bell. — Son of James 
Jamieson, Doctor of Medicine in Aberdeen and afterwards in Edinburgh. Bom 
25th September 1832. Mar. 17th November 1863, Isabella, only daughter of 
James Powrie of Eeswallie, Forfarshire. Crown Agent, 1874-80, 1885, 1886. 

JAMIESON, EOBEET. 2d July 1829. 

Apprentice to Eobert Strachan. — Eldest son of Eobert Jamieson, W.S. Died at 
Melbourne, Uth Febraary 1850. 

JAMIESON, EOBEET, of Heriot Hill. 2d January 1759. 

Apprentice to John Watson. — Son of Eobert Jamieson, Merchant in Aberdeen. 
Died 31st October 1808. Mar. (1) Jean Eichardson ; and (2), June 1770, 
Catherine, daughter of John Lockhart of Cleghorne, Lanarkshire. 

JAMIESON, EOBEET. 23d March 1796. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Eobert Jamieson, W.S. Disd 7th December 1832, aged 
63. Mar. 19th April 1796, Jane, daughter of Alexander Christie, Provost of 
Montrose. 

JAMIESON, EOBEET WILLIAM. 23d June 1829. 

Apprentice to Adam Gib Ellis. — Son of Thomas Jamieson, Soap-boiler in Leith. 
Died 10th December 1868, aged 63. Mar. 2d April 1835, Christina, daughter of 
Major-General John Pringle of Symington, Mid-Lothian. Author of Nimrod: a 
Dramatic Poem, 1848, and other works. . , _^ , , , 



LIST OF MEMBEES 111 

JARDINE, Sir HENRY, of Harwood. 25th June 1790. 

Apprentice to John Davidson. — Son of Eev. John Jardine, D.D., one of the 
Ministers of Edinburgh. Bm-n 30th January 1766. Died 11th August 1851. 
Mar. 26th April 1794, Catherine, youngest daughter of George Skene of Rubis- 
law, Aberdeenshire. Solicitor of Taxes, 1793 ; Depute King's Remembrancer in 
Exchequer, 1802 ; King's Remembrancer, 1820-31. Knighted 20th April 1825. 
Author of a Report relative to the Tomb of King Robert the Bruce and the Cathedral 
Church of Dunfermline. 

JARDINE, JAMES. 16th January 1834. 

Apprentice to, and youngest son of, Sir Henry Jardine, W.S. Born 7th October 
1810. Died 15th November 1839. Mar. 30th January 1834, Ann, daughter of 
Colonel Tomlinson, and widow of Captain Windowe. 

JOHNSTON, ALEXANDER. 13th November 1817. 

Apprentice to John Pollock. — Eldest son of George Johnston of Hillhouse. Died 
31st December 1864, aged 75. Mar. 

JOHNSTON, ALEXANDER. 8th July 1831. 

Apprentice to James Arnott. — Son of William Johnston, of Viewfield, Merchant 
in Aberdeen. Born 4th June 1809. Died 14th June 1880. Mar. 1st January 
1836, Christina Martha, second daughter of John Leith Ross of Arnage, W.S. 

JOHNSTON, GEORGE. 1st August 1786. 

Apprentice to Walter Scott. — Second son of Thomas Johnston of Templehall, 
Berwickshire. Died 1801. 

JOHNSTON, JAMES, of Straiton. 5th July 1661. 

Apprentice to Robert Hamilton. — Died May 1684. Mar. 25th November 1664, 
Ann, third daughter of Quentin Hamilton of Barncluith, Lanarkshire. 

JOHNSTON, ROBERT. 6th March 1828. 

Apprentice to Charles Cunningham and Carlyle Bell. — Son of Robert Johnston, 
Tenant of Slateheugh, West Calder. Died 1853, aged 66. Mar. 1835, Elspeth Duff. 

JOHNSTON, ROBERT. 13th November 1828. 

Apprentice to (1) William Dymock, and (2) John Dymock. — Only son of John 
Johnston of Middlefield, Leith. Born 12th August 1805. Died 12th May 1869. 
Mar. 21st May 1829, Isabella, eldest daughter of Joseph Johnston, Register House. 

JOHNSTON, ROBERT BRUCE. 17th January 1861. 

Apprentice to Jardine, Stodart, and Eraser. — Son of Robert Johnston, W.S. 
Born, 29th April 1835. Died 4th February 1888. Mar. 8th June 1864, Agnes 
Cockbum, daughter of James Nelson Smith, Merchant, London and Sydney. 
../KProcurator-Fiscal of Edinburgh, 1868-88. 



112 THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET 

JOHNSTON, ROBERT FLEMING. 21st January 1874. 

Apprentice to John Richardson. — Son of John Smith Johnson, S.S.C. Bm-n, 22d 
February 1840. Mar. 22d May 1872, Isabella Anna Catherine, second daughter 
of Rev. Charles Irving, Rector of Donoughmore. 

JOHNSTON, ROBERT HERBERT. 13th January 1890. 

Apprentice to W.S. Fraser. — Eldest son of Robert Bruce Johnston, W.S. Bm-n 
1st May 1865. Mar. 11th February 1890, Edith, younger daughter of John 
Comrie Thomson, Advocate. 

JOHNSTON, WILLIAM. 4th March 1805. 

Apprentice to John Dickson. — Only son of George Johnston, Supervisor of Excise 
for the Ayr District. Died 1828. Mar. 29th December 1806, Sarah, daughter of 
Robert Riddle of Carzield, Dumfriesshire. 

JOHNSTON, WILLIAM, of Banks. 19th March 1782. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Irving; and (2) John Syme. — Only son of James 
Johnston of Banks. Died 16th November 1789. Mar. 1st November 1781, 
Nancy, daughter of Shortred of Colmslie, Roxburghshire. 

JOHNSTON, WILLIAM CAMPBELL. 13th July 1885. 

Apprentice to John Cowan and James A. Dalmahoy. — Son of Henry Johnston, 
Surgeon in the Hon. East India Company's Service. Born 24th November 1860. 
Mar. 24th July 1889, Alicia Christina, daughter of Major-General R. D, Mac- 
pherson, Bengal Staff Corps. 

JOHNSTONE, JOHN. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. 

JOHNSTONE, WILLIAM. 30th January 1880. 

Apprentice to John Gibson, Junr., and Robert Strathern. — Elder son of Christopher 
Johnstone of Croftheads, Dumfriesshire, General Manager of the Caledonian Rail- 
way Company. Bom 25th August 1855. Mar. 28th June 1887, Janet, eldest 
daughter of John James Malcolm Borthwick, Billholm, Dumfriesshire. 

JOLLIE, JAMES. 12th December 1783. 

Apprentice to James Forrest. — Son of Walter Jollie, Tailor in Edinburgh. Born 
1775. Died 30th August 1846. Mar. 14th Sept^ember 1790, Christian, daughter 
of the Rev. John Hart, Minister of Kirkiuner. Clerk to the Merchant Company. 

JOLLIE, WALTER. 5th March 1818. 

Apprentice to (1) James Jollie and (2) James Dundas. — Eldest son of James 
Jollie, W.S. Died 12th May 1859, aged 68. Mar. 19th August 1825, Hannah 
Lycette, eldest daughter of Lieutenant-General Avarne of Rugeley, Staflford. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 113 

JONES, THOMAS WILLIAM. . 18th July 1861. ' 

Apprentice to Charles Morton. — Son of Edmund Morse Jones, Surgeon. Bom 
5th July 1834. Mar. 4th April 1872, Elizabeth Macfarlane, youngest daughter 
of James Greig of Eccles, W.S., and widow of J. C. Henderson, S.S.C. 

JOPP, JOHN. 31st May 1827. 

Apprentice to John Russell. — Second son of Andrew Jopp, Advocate in 
Aberdeen. Bmii 18th July 1805. Died Slst October 1857. Mar. 7th September 
1841, Margery, eldest daughter of John South of Drongan, Ayrshire. 

JUNNER, JOHN CLARK. 10th March 1870. 

Apprentice to William Ferguson. — Sou of John Mackenzie Junner, S.S.C. Bm'n 
22d March 1846. Mm: 18th March 1875, Margaret Balfour, eldest daughter of 
A. B. Wright, Edinburgh. 

KAER, ANDREW, of Kippilaw. 2d October 1696. 

Apprentice to James Hay. — Only son of Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Karr of 
Kippilaw, Roxburghshire. Died 16th October 1744, aged 85. Mar. Jean 
Stirling. 

KAY, JAMES. 

Signs Minute of 16th December 1594. Mar. Elizabeth Scott. 

KF.n.T. OR KYLE, ROBERT. 29th November 1673. 

Apprentice to James Carnegie. — Mar. Sarah Cockburn. 

KEITH, ALEXANDER, of Ravelston and Dunottar. 15th July 1763. 

Apprentice to (1) Hew Cra^vford ; and (2) John Mackenzie of Delvin. — Eldest 
son of Alexander Keith of Ravelston, Depute-Clerk of Session. Died 26th 
February 1819. Mar. 24th April 1811, Margaret, youngest daughter of 
Laurence Oliphant of Gask, Perthshire. 

KEITH, JAMES, of Auquhorsk. 7th March 1664. 

Apprentice to James Cheyne and others. 

KEITH, ROBERT. 

Commissioner, 18th October 1631. 

KELLIE, T. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. 

KELLIE, WILLIAM, of Eastbarns. 

Signs the Acts, 26th December 1627. Died February 1632. Was twice married. 

KELSO, WILLIAM, of Dankeith. 13th May 1707. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham of Enterldne. — Second son of John Kelso of 
Kelsoland, Ayrshire. Died about 1721. Mar. April 1697, Mary, daughter of 
John Dunlop of that Ilk. 

P 



114 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

KENE, JOHN. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. Son of Thomas Kene, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Died about 1597. 

KENE, RICHAED. 21st February 1599. 

Son of John Kene, W.S. 

KENNAWAY, ANDREW LAURIE. 17th January 1888. 

Apprentice to Charles Baxter. — Son of Robert Kennaway, Farmer, Polton Mains, 
Mid-Lothian. B(ym 30th August 1863. 

KENNEDY, ALEXANDER. 1st December 1825. 

Apprentice to John Forman. — Youngest son of the Rev. Thomas Kennedy, 
Minister of St. Madoes. Died 19th April 1868, aged 68, unmarried. 

KENNEDY, GEORGE, of Romanno. 2d November 1711. 

Younger son of Robert Kennedy of Auchtifardle, Lanarkshire. Died 1743. 
Mar. (1) February 1714, Janet, daughter of Andrew Pringle of Clifton, Selkirk- 
shire ; (2) October 1721, Anne, daughter of Adam Cleghom, Merchant and Bailie 
of Edinburgh ; and (3) January 1731, Anne, daughter of George Stirling, Surgeon 
in Edinburgh. Under-Keeper of the Signet, 1711-13. Warden of the Mint. 
Fiscal, 1722-23. 

KENNEDY, HUGH. 24th January 1822. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Second son of Captain George Kennedy, younger 
of Romanno, Peeblesshire. Born 7th September 1797. Died 4th May 1876, 
unmarried. 

KENNEDY, JOHN. 29th June 1661. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Quintin Kennedy, W.S. — Died before 1689. 

KENNEDY, JOHN, of Underwood. 8th December 1808. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Third son of John Kennedy of Underwood, Ayr- 
shire. Born 1785. Died 3d March 1862. Mar. 4th January 1814, Margaret 
Buchanan, youngest daughter of Neil Snodgrass of Cunninghamhead, Ayrshire. 

KENNEDY, JOHN, of Underwood. 18th July 1844. 

Apprentice to Richard Campbell. — Son of John Kennedy, W.S. Born 22d 
August 1816. Mar. 6th August 1851, Margaret Elizabeth, daughter of Colin 
Macrae, of Inverinate, Ross-shire, Merchant, London. 

KENNEDY, JOHN. 19th July 1877. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, John Kennedy, W.S. — Born 12th September 
1852. Mar. 6th January 1884, Jessie Edwards Reid. 

KENNEDY, QUINTIN. 

Mentioned 1629. Grand-nephew of James Kennedy, Merchant, burgess of 
Aberdeen. Died before 1660. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 115 

KENNEDY, ROBERT. 1st July 1822. 

Apprentice to Patrick Tennent. — Son of the Rev. Thomas Kennedy, Minister of 
St Madoes. Born 1798. Died 17th March 1840, unmarried. 

KENNEDY, WILLIAM. 28th June 1827. 

Apprentice to Francis Brodie, and George Imlach. — Third son of William Kennedy 
of Kirkland, Dumfriesshire. Born 1800. Died 23d April 1877. Mar. 28th 
September 1841, Sarah, daughter of William Carrick, Carlisle. 

KENNWYE, JAMES. 15th January 1634. 

Apprentice to John Ker. 

KER, JOHN. 

Commissioner, 1631. Died 1633. Mm. 30th August 1614, Janet Ker. 

KER, JOHN, OF Kerfield. 22d November 1799. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young. — Second son of William Ker of Kerfield, 
Peeblesshire. Boiii 1773. Died 22d September 1838, unmarried. 

KER, ROBERT DARLING. 18th January 1886. 

Apprentice to William Smith. — Son of Robert D. Ker, residing at St. Leonard's 

House, Edinburgh. Born 15th January 1853. Mar. 20th April 1882, Joanna, 

daughter of Daniel Johnston, St. Abbs, Trinity. 
KERMACK, GEORGE. 14th July 1884. 

Apprentice to John Cook. — Youngest son of William Ramsay Kermack, W.S. 

Born 9th February 1860. 

KERMACK, JOHN. 10th July 1810. 

Apprentice to Robert Cathcart. — Son of John Kermack, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Bm-n 9th September 1781. Died 3d April 1860. Mar. 9th October 1815, Jane 
Ogilvie, daughter of the Rev. William Ramsay, Minister of Cortachy. 

KERMACK, JOHN. 30th November 1871. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, William Ramsay Kermack, W.S. — Bvrn 2d May 
1847. 

KERMACK, WILLIAM RAMSAY. 8th June 1843. 

Apprentice to, and youngest son of, John Kermack, W.S. — Born 3d September 
1820. Died 8th May 1883. Mar. 3d June 1846, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry 
Armstrong, Edinburgh. Fiscal, 1872-83. 

KERR, CHARLES, op Abbotrule. 10th March 1789. 

Apprentice to David Erskine. — Eldest son of Patrick Kerr, W.S. Died 17th 
November 1821. 

KERR, PATRICK, of Abbotrule. 6th July 1768. 

Apprentice to (1) Francis Pringle ; and (2) Walter Scott.— Second son of William 
Kerr of Abbotrule, Roxburghshire. Died 10th July 1791. Mar. April 1766, 
Jean Hay. .r, , ^ , , _: 



116 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

KERR, THOMAS. 22d February 1821. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Youngest son of the Rev. Alexander Kerr, Minister 
ofStobo. J5o?M 1798. DJe^f 18th June 1832, unmarried. 

KERR, THOMAS, LLB. 28th June 1878. 

Apprentice to James Bruce. — Son of the Rev. Samuel Kerr, Minister of Yester. 
Bmn 2d October 1848. Mar. 29th July 1875, Jane, younger daughter of William 
Mills, Leehouses, Haddington. 

KETCHEN, WILLIAM THOMAS. 18th January 1886. 

Apprentice to James Hotchkis Jameson. — Son of William Robinson Ketchen, 
Solicitor, Elie. Bom 27th September 1858. 

KETTLE, ALEXANDER. 

See Young, Alexander Kettle. 

KEYDEN, WILLIAM, of Lynedale. 22d November 1799. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young. — Son of the Rev. William Keyden, Minister of 
Penpont. Died 5th January 1826. 

KINLOCH, ROBERT. 28th July 1882. 

Apprentice to George Robertson and John Hope Finlay. — Son of Alexander John 
Kinloch of Park, Aberdeenshire. Born 25th July 1855. Mar. 8th January 1880, 
Mary Isabella, only daughter of Henry Dundas Murray of the Oehtertyre family. 

KINNEAR, GEORGE THOMAS BALFOUR, of Cross. 29th November 1855. 

Apprentice to Adam Hay and Robert Pringle. — Eldest son of James Kinnear, 
W.S. Bmi, 8th February 1833. Mar. 16th November 1858, Agnes, daughter 
of Harry Gordon, Liverpool. 

KINNEAR, JAMES, of Wester Forret. 

Commissioner, 1st June 1607. Died October 1617. Mar. 6th May 1601, 
Margaret Bickartoun. 

KINNEAR, JAMES. 1st December 1634. 

Apprentice to Robert Pringle. — Son of James Kinnear, W.S. Died 1st November 
1665. Mar. Elizabeth Alexander. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

KINNEAR, JAMES. 1st March 1832. 

Apprentice to Richard Mackenzie and William Sharpe. — Seventh son of George 
Kinnear, Banker in Edinburgh. Born 2d December 1810. Died at Cadiz, 21st 
June 1849. Mar. 6th March 1831, Mary Henrietta, eldest daughter of William 
Balfour of Trenaby, Orkney. 

KINNEAR, JAMES BALFOUR-. 14th July 1884. 

Apprentice to A. Hamilton, G. T. Kinnear and R. Beatson. — Eldest son of George 
Thomas Balfour-Kinnear, W.S. Born 24th September 1859. Mar. 26th January 
1887, Catherine, second daughter of John Eraser of Parkburn, M.D, 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 117 

KINNEAR, THOMAS. 25th May 1826. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson. — Son of Thomas Kinnear of Kinloch, Fifeshire. 
Died at Toronto, 27th July 1843, aged 40, unmarried. 

KIRK, COLIN. 5th May 1715. 

Apprentice to Colin Campbell of Carwhin. — Eldest son of Mr. Robert Kirk, 
Minister of Aberfoyle. Died 18th March 1725. Mar. 20th June 1715, Jean, 
second daughter of George Stirling of Herbertshire, Stirlingshire. 

KIRK, JOHN. 18th July 1849. 

Apprentice to James Hope and Robert Oliphant. — Son of Douglas Kirk, Surgeon, 
R.N. Born 23d July 1820. Died at Cape Town 27th April 1889. Mar. 17th 
January 1854, Frances, third daughter of William Berry of Tayfield, Director of 
Chancery, 1873-89. 

KIRK, WILLIAM JOHN. - 28th April 1882. 

Apprentice to James Hope. — Son of John Kirk, W.S. Bm-n 5th February 1859. 
Mar. 29th April 1886, Helen Liddell Niven, youngest daughter of John Jeffrey, 
Brewer, Edinburgh. 

KIRKPATRICK, JOHN GEORGE. 15th July 1886. 

Apprentice to J. 0. Mackenzie, W. R. Kermack, and John Kermack. — Son oi 
Roger Kirkpatrick of Lagganlees, Dumfriesshire. Bm-n 27th January 1864. 

KIRKWOD, JAMES. 30th June 1628. 

Apprentice to Robert Kirkwod. — Died 1646. Mar. 16th November 1631, Jean 
Measone. 

KIRKWOD, ROBERT. 

Signs Minute of 17th Januarj- 1606. Died before 1642. Mar. 4th October 1610, 
Sibylla Gilbert, 

KNOX, JOHN. 28th February 1684. 

Apprentice to John Campbell of Succoth. — Died 6th December 1705, aged 46. 
Mar. 9th December 1684, Marjory Dundas. 

KYNCAID, JOHN. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. Died about 1622. 

LAIDLAW, JAMES. 16th November 1784. 

Apprentice to Robert Jameson. — Son of Robert Laidlaw, Tenant in Peile. Died 
1st May 1831. Mar. llth August 1801, Jean, daughter of John Pitcaim, 
Merchant and Provost of Dundee. 

LAKE, RICHARD. 25th November 1780. 

Apprentice to James Stuart. — Son of Richard Lake, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Died December 1798. 



118 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

LAMBTON, STEPHEN. 11th July 1833. 

Apprentice to William Renny. — Son of Arthur Lambton, residing in Norwich. 
Bom 25th February 1809. Died 1851. Mar. 4th December 1833, Frances 
Elizabeth, second daughter of Major George Brown, 4th Dragoons. 

LAMBIE, JAMES. 29th November 1673. 

Apprentice to Robert Alexander. — Mar. 30th June 1670, Janet Rae. 

LAMONT, ALEXANDER, of Knockdow. 21st May 1812. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Eldest son of James Lamont of Knockdow, Argyll- 
shire, ^orn 1784. Z'iet^ 21st August 1861. ilfar. 3d April 1827, Jane, daughter 
of Alexander Chrystie of Balchrystie, Fifeshire. 

LAMONT, WILLIAM. 1st July 1819. 

Apprentice to (1) Henry Jardine; and (2) Richard Hotchkis. — Son of Peter 
Lamont, Brewer in Edinburgh. Died 1858, aged 69. Was twice married. 

L'AMY, JOHN RAMSAY, of Dunkenny. 22d February 1838. 

Apprentice to George Combe. — Eldest son of James L'Amy of Dunkenny, Forfar- 
shire, Advocate. Born 9th April 1813. Mar. (1) 10th June 1845, Mary Riche 
Macleod, only daughter of WiUiam Mitchell Innes of Ayton; and (2) 10th 
November 1885, Mrs. Adeline Atty or Malcolm, London. 

LANG, JAMES. 16th November 1812. 

Apprentice to Ninian Hill. — Son of John L.ang, Writer in Glasgow. Died 1869. 
Mar. 14th April 1818, Eliza, fourth daughter of John Dickson of Kilbucho, 
Peeblesshire. 

LANG, WILLIAM. 27th February 1818. 

Apprentice to Robert Fleming. — Son of John Lang, Sheriff-Clerk of Selkirkshire. 
Born 1791. Died 12th January 1837. Mar. 27th April 1830, Isabella, daughter 
of the Rev. Andrew Murray, D.D., Minister of Auchterderran. 

LAUDER, DAVID. 7th April 1694. 

Apprentice to George I)a,l\a,s.— Died 20th January 1709, aged 46. Mar. 18th 
December 1696, Isabel, daughter of John Thomson, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

LAUDER, ROBERT. 

Died before 1630. Mar. 18th October 1610, Margaret Clapperton. 

LAURIE, WILLIAM ALEXANDER, of Rossend. 27th June 1823. 

Apprentice to William Inglis. — Son of Alexander Laurie, Depute Gazette Writer. 
Boi-n 1800. Di^d 27th October 1870. Mar. (1) 6th February 1821, Harriet 
Oakley, youngest daughter of Robert Beatson of Kilry; and (2) 16th August 
1864, Isabella Taylor, daughter of Captain William Riddock, 4th Regiment. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 119 

LAURIE, WILLIAM FRANCIS HUNTER. 20th February 1834. 

Apprentice to Archibald Watson Goldie. — Son of the Rev. Henry Laurie, Minister 
of Lochmaben. Born 26th June 1806. Died 2d March 1869. Mar. 23d December 
1834, Christina, daughter of the Rev. William Bayne of Greenock. 

LAW, JAMES, OF BoGis or Bogness. 28th December 1629. ■ 

Keeper of the Signet, 26th December 1627. 

LAW, JAMES. 17th February 1825. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson. — Son of James Law of Elvingstone, Surgeon in 
Edinburgh. Died 7th October 1867, aged 67. Mar. 29th July 1828, Mary, eldest 
daughter of John Burnett, Surgeon in Edinburgh. 

LAWSON, ALEXANDER. 
Mentioned 1606. 

LAWSON, JAMES. 19th June 1818. 

Apprentice to James Laidlaw. — Eldest son of Peter Lawson, Seedsman in Edin- 
burgh. Died 27th February 1864, aged 70. Mar. April 1826, Margaret, youngest 
daughter of John Clark, Edinburgh. 

LAWSON, JOHN, of Cairnmuik. 21st May 1805. '^ 

Apprentice to (1) Hugh Robertson ; and (2) James Dundas. — Eldest son of William 
Lawson of Cairnmuir, Peeblesshire. Born 1780. Died 9th June 1834. Mar. (1) 
5th January 1808, Isabella, daughter of William Robertson, Deputy-Keeper of 
the Records ; and (2) 25th January 1825, Janet, second daughter of James Brown 
of Edmondstone, Lanarkshire. Representative of Lawson of Highriggs. 

LAWTIE, ADAM, of Sauchtonhall. 

Commissioner, 1594. Son of David Lawtie, Writer, Edinburgh. Died 1628. J 

LAYNG, JOHN, of Spittalls. ^^ ■ 

Depute-Secretary and Keeper of the Signet, 16th December 1594. Died 14th 
February 1612. Mar. Rebecca Dennistoun. 

LEARMONTH, JOHN. 

Commissioner, 18th October 1631. Died November 1649. 

LEGAT, ROBERT. 16th July 1858. 

Apprentice to Adam Paterson. — Only son of Robert Legat of Esk Park, Mussel- 
,,„ burgh. £w» nth April 1831. i>i«rf 6th December 1877. i¥rtr. 3d February 1866, 

Emily, youngest daughter of James Eddowes, Surgeon, Royal Artillery. 

LEISHMAN, JOHN. 19th November 1835. 

Apprentice to William Fraser. — Only son of the Rev. Robert Leishman, Kinross. 
Boirn June 1807. Died 18th September 1867. Mar. 3d March 1840, Hannah 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Weatherly, Whickham House, Durham. 

LEITH, JOHN ROSS. 

Bee Ross, John Leith. -iJ**'^' t'"" '"" ""*. • ■■"" t'r*""*-'* '■'■''- 



laO THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

LENY, GKAHAM, of Glins. 17th May 1799. 

Apprentice to (1) William Anderson; and (2) Robert Dundas. — Second son of 
George Leny of Nether Glins. Died 21st January 1827. 

LESLIE, ALEXANDER. 21st February 1655. 

Apprentice to Francis Hay. — Eldest son of Lachlane Leslie of Miltoun in 

Balvanie, Banffshire. Died February 1670. Mar. (1) Margaret, daughter of 

Scott, City Clerk of Edinburgh; and (2) 13th October 1668, Jean Lindsay. 
Re-admitted 8th July 1661. 

LESLIE, Sir JOHN, of Wardis and Findrassie, Bart. 16th November 1784. 

Apprentice to Andrew Stuart. — Son of Charles (John 1) Leslie, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Died 30th October 1825. 3Iar. 15th July 1794, Caroline Jemima, only 
daughter and heir of Abraham Leslie of Findrassie, Elginshire. Claimed and 
Assumed Baronetcy as 4th Baronet. 

LESLIE, WILLIAM. 22d November 1776. 

Apprentice to Alexander Robertson. — Son of Thomas Leslie, Merchant in 
Montrose. Died 16th October 1798. 

LEVEN, JOHN. 8th June 1804. 

Apprentice to John Tait. — Son of John Leven, General Supervisor of Excise. 
Barn 1780. Di^d 3d April 1862. Mar. 31st August 1826, Janet, youngest 
daughter of the Rev. James Wemyss, Minister of Burntisland. 

LIND, ARCHIBALD. 10th March 1808. 

Apprentice to Robert Trotter. — Fourth son of David Lind of Bearlawholme. 
Died 1811. 

LINDESAY, JAMES. 22d June 1837. 

Apprentice to Walker, Richardson, and Melville. — Son of William Lindesay, Mer- 
chant in Leith. Born 16th April 1812. Died 12th January 1888, unmarried. 

LINDSAY, JAMES. 1st March 1832. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Son of George Lindsay, residing in Edinburgh. 
Barn 4th July 1806. Mar. 27th September 1849, Jessie Brand, daughter of 
Robert Kellie Douglas, Birmingham. 

LINDSAY, JAMES WILLIAM. 23d April 1873. 

Apprentice to Patrick Blair. — Son of William Lindsay of Hermitage Hill, Leith. 
Barn 5th October 1849. 

LINDSAY, JOHN MACKENZIE. 17th November 1814. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson. — Fourth son of James Lindsay Carnegie of 
Boysack, Forfarshire. Born 15th March 1792. Died 4th August 1873. Mar. 
22d July 1835, Florence, daughter of Rev. Charles Brown ofWhitestone Rectory, 
Devon. Director of Chancery, 25th June 1858-73. Principal Clerk of Session, 
26th February 1847 to 6th July 1858. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 121 

LINDSAY, ROBERT JOHN. 7th June 1872. 

Apprentice to James Lindsay, his uncle.— Son of Robert Lindsay, Pharmaceuti- 
cal Chemist in Edinburgh. Born 16th February 1848. Mar. 6th April 1887, 
Isabella Littlejohn, daughter of Adam Patersou, LL.D., Writer in Glasgow. 

LINDSAY, WILLIAM. 14th July 1789. 

Apprentice to Archibald Tod.— Third son of Martin Lindsay, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Died 1849. Mar. 20th February 1792, daughter of John Mackenzie, 
Merchant in Stirling. 

LINDSAY, WILLIAM PEROIVAL. 8th October 1883. 

Apprentice to (1) Henry Inglis; and (2) John W. Young and John Blair.— Son 
of John Kyle Lindsay, S.S.C. Bmn 25th April 1861. 

LINNING, MICHAEL, of Cumberhead. 18th June 1801. 

Apprentice to James Drummond. — Son of Thomas Linning, and grandson of the 
Rev. Thomas Linning, Minister of Lesmahagow. Born 1775. Died 17th Febru- 
ary 1838. Mar. 29th April 1800, daughter of Henry Patrick Wilson, H.E.I.C.S. 

LISTER, DAVID, of Kininmonth. 9th July 1805. 

Apprentice to Edward Bruce. — Son of James Lister, Farmer, Pitlessie Mill, Fife- 
shire. Died 18th December 1827, aged 66. Mar. 14th February 1801, Janet, 
daughter of James Blyth of Kininmonth, and widow of Andrew Fernie of Wester 
Kilmux, Fifeshire. 

LITTLE, JAMES. 2d March 1804. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston. — Youngest son of John Little of Stewarton. 
Died 9th September 1816. 

LITTLE, ROBERT. 

See GiLMOUR, Robert Little. 
LIVINGSTON, JOHN. 3d July 1828. 

Apprentice to John Murray. — Son of John Livingston, Merchant in Strathblane. 

Bom 1800. Died 24th November 1838, unmarried. 

LIVINGSTON, JOHN CHRISTIAN. 17th March 1890. 

Apprentice to Robert Strathern. — Son of James Livingston, Merchant, Edinburgh. 
Born 14th January 1866. 

LOCH, JAMES. 4th July 1769. 

Apprentice to James Syme. — Third son of William Loch of Hawkshaw, Writer in 
Edinburgh. Died 2d September 1793. Mar. Miss Colville of Sunbury. H.M. 
Remembrancer to the Court of Exchequer. 

LOCKHART, EPHRAIM. 25th February 1803. 

Apprentice to (1) William Blair; and (2) Campbell Adie.— Sonof Ephraim Lock- 
hart of the Customs, Leith. Died 26th November 1850, aged 74. Mar. 22d April 
1818, Janet, daughter of John Learmonth, Parkhall, Stirlingshire. 



122 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

LOCKHART, NORMAN, of Taebrax. 21st May 1805. 

Apprentice to William Macdonald. — Third son of Charles Lockhart of Muiravon- 
side. Died 5th March 1853, aged 73. Mar. 3d January 1806, Phillis Barbara, 
daughter of John Macmurdo, Dumfries. 

LOCKHART, WILLIAM. 8th December 1662. 

Apprentice to John Semple. — Son of James Lockhart of Cleghome, Lanarkshire. 
Having been appointed Commissary of Lanark, suspended 8th January 1666. 

LOGAN, ALEXANDER CHRISTOPHER. 18th April 1877. 

Apprentice to A. Hamilton, G. T. Kinnear and Robert Beatson. — Son of Alexander 
Stuart Logan, Advocate, Sheriff of Forfarshire. Born 7th May 1851. 

LOGAN, CHARLES BOWMAN. 9th February 1860. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Logan, W.S. — Bom 3d May 1837. Mar. 16th 
July 1863, Margaret Carrick, daughter of Robert Romanes of Craigerne, Peebles- 
shire. Fiscal, 1883-87. Crown Agent, 1883-85, and February to June 1886. 
Deputy-Keeper of the Signet, 15th December 1887. 

LOGAN, DAVID. 1612. 

Died 19th January 1614. Mar. 11th April 1611, Martha Muire. 

LOGAN, EDMUND. 4th February 1830. 

Apprentice to James Hope. — Fourth son of William Logan of Clarkston. Bkd 
24th January 1865, aged 61, unmarried. 

LOGAN", GEORGE. 12th December 1822. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Eldest son of Robert Logan, Milldown, Berwick- 
shire. Born 1799. Died 18th July 1877. Mar. 5th August 1823, Marion, 
second daughter of Thomas Manson, Lambeth. Clerk of Teinds, 1841-77. 

LOGAN, JOHN. 19th November 1829. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie and William Innes. — Son of Robert Logan, 
residing in Lanark. Boi-n 25th August 1792. Died 11th July 1883. Mar. 7th 
August 1833, Helen, daughter of Charles Bowman, Depute-CIerk of Teinds. 

LOGIE, WILLIAM. 1st March 1832. 

Apprentice to Gibson and Oliphant. — Son of Major Logic, 97th Regiment. Born 
18th December 1808. Died 15th November 1872. ifar. 1st June 1837, Jane 
Hewat, eldest daughter of James Black, Glasgow. Sheriff-Substitute at Airdrie, 
1858-72. 

LONGMORE, JOHN ALEXANDER, of Deanshaugh. 12th November 1835. 

Apprentice to John Donaldson. — Only son of Adam Longmore, Junr., of the 
Exchequer. Boi-n 28th October 1812. Died 16th April 1875, unmarried. 

LOTHIAN, EDWARD. . 7th July 1795. 

Apprentice to Charles Innes. — Son of the Rev. William Lothian, D.D., Minister of 
Canongate. Died 12th April 1840. Admitted Advocate, 3d June 1815. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 1» 

LOTHIAN, JAMES HUGH. 7th July 1820. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Eldest son of the Eev. Andrew Lothian, Minister 
of the Associate Congregation of PortsburgL Died 3d April 1831. 

LOUDON, CHARLES EDWARD. 15th July 1889. 

Apprentice to R B. Ranken. — Son of William Loudon, Administrator-General, 
Bombay. Born 6th January 1865, 

LOUTFOUT, JOHN. 3d October 1671. 

Apprentice to George Sibbald. — Son to John Loutfout, Tailor, Burgess of Edin- 
burgh, representative of the family of Orchil. Died 1709. Treasurer, 1699-1703. 
Keeper of the Privy Seal. 

LOW, GEORGE 23d April 1873. 

Apprentice to John Brown Innes. — Youngest son of James Low of Laws, Berwick- 
shire. Born 7th March 1849. Mar. 27th April 1880, Agnes Elizabeth, third 
daughter of Major Jocelyn Ffoulkes of Eriviatt, Denbighshire. 

LOW, HENRY MALCOLM. 3d July 1820. 

Apprentice to Samuel C. Somerville and Charles B. Scott. — Son of Robert Low 
of Clatto, Fifeshire. Died at Meeady, Pegu, 5th April 1858, aged 60, unmarried. 

LOWE, WILLIAM DUNCAN. 18th March 1889. 

Apprentice to J. A. Jamieson, G. Dalziel, J. Craik, and J. W. Tod. — Fourth 
son of John Duncan Lowe, Publisher, Edinburgh. Born 22d April 1849. Mar. 
2d April 1890, Edith Campbell, daughter of Rev. Robert Gordon Balfour, of New 
North Free Church, Edinburgh. 

LUMSDEN, CLEMENTS. 8th July 1823. 

Apprentice to Richard Hotchkis and James Tytler. — Son of Harry Lumsden of 
Belhelvie, Aberdeenshire. Died 27th November 1853, aged 60. Mar. 3d July 
1827, Jane, third daughter of James Forbes of Echt, Aberdeenshire. Admitted 
to Society of Advocates in Aberdeen, 1825. 

LUMSDEN, JOHN, of Blanerne. 3d February 1701. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Second son of Robert Lumsden of Stravithy. 
Died 27th December 1757. 

LUMSDAINE, WILLIAM. 24th February 1778. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Fourth son of James Lumsdaine of Strath- 
tjrrum. Died 19th January 1794. Mar. 14th October 1781, Ann, daughter of 
Sir Alexander Gordon of Lesmore, Bart. 

LUNDIE, ARCHIBALD. 9th August 1782. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Menzies ; and (2) John Moir. — Only son of the Rev. 
Henry Lundie, of Trinity College Church, Edinburgh. Bom 1748. Died 4th 
May 1841. 



1S4 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

LYALL, DAVID. 4th December 1823. 

Apprentice to Richard Cowan. — Son of Alexander Lyall, Comptroller of the 
Customs, Aberdeen. Died 17th October 1826. 

LYELL, DAVID. 28th January 1881. 

Apprentice to Thomas E. 0. Home. — Son of David Lyell, S.S.C, Edinburgh. 
Bm-n 19th May 1857. Mar. 14th June 1887, Florence, eldest daughter of 
William Tolson, Fazeley, Stafford. 

LYON, DAVID. 11th August 1682. 

Apprentice to John Lyon. — Son of William Lyon of Easter Ogil. Died 1726. 
Mar. May, daughter of Mr. Alexander Guthrie, Minister of Stracathro, Forfar- 
shire. Commissary of Brechin. 

LYON, GEORGE, of Wester Ogil. 15th June 1810. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Eldest son of Hugh Lyon, Captain in the 
Service of the English East India Company. Died 14th November 1866, aged 80. 
Mar. 28th March 1810, Catherine, third daughter of the Rev. Thomas Fleming, 
D.D., Minister of Lady Yester's Church, Edinburgh. 

LYON, JOHN. 2d December 1672. 

Apprentice to Alexander Leslie. — Mar. 1st March 1667, Helen Ramsay. 

LYONS, MATHIAS. 1st March 1799. 

Apprentice to Horatius Cannan. — Eldest son of Mathias Lyons, Merchant in 
Lerwick. Died 1837. 

MACALISTER, CHARLES. 20th November 1818. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Youngest son of Alexander Macalister of Strathaird, 
Skye. Drowned on board the steamer Comet ofiFGourock, 2l8t October 1825. 

MACALLAN, ALLAN BERTRAM. 18th November 1858. 

Apprentice to David Smith. — Son of James Macallan, W.S. Born 26th June 
1836. Died 19th March 1888. Mar. 19th August 1876, Agnes Gertrude, eldest 
daughter of David L. Bum, St. Andrews. 

MACALLAN, JAMES. 12th December 1816. 

Apprentice to Francis Wilson. — Son of Thomas Macallan, Officer of Excise, 
Edinburgh. Died 16th June 1868, aged 76. Mar. (1) 30th April 1822, 
Catherine, eldest daughter of Robert Ainslie, W.S. ; and (2) 27th July 1826, 
Cecilia, daughter of William Bertram of Nisbet, Lanarkshire. 

MACANDREW, JOHN LEWIS. 3d May 1881. 

Apprentice to Robert Macandrew and J. P. Wright. — Only son of John Mac- 
andrew, S.S.C. Born 17th July 1857. Mar. 29th January 1889, Elsie Mabel, 
only daughter of Major-General W. Lambert Yonge of Westwood, Frimley, 
Surrey. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 125 

MACANDREW, ROBERT. 12th July 1860. 

Apprentice to William Ramsay Kermack. — Son of Robert Macandrew of the 
Chancery Office, Edinburgh. Bam 7th October 1832. Died 18th February 1876, 
unmarried. 

MACAO, WILLIAM ROSS. 29th January 1824. 

Apprentice to Joseph Gordon. — Son of William Macao, Accountant of Excise, 
Edinburgh. Born 1799. Died 25th September 1881. Mar. (1) April 1832, 
Caroline, daughter of Alexander Anderson of Udoll; and (2) 19th August 1879, 
Adeline Louise, daughter of Chauncey Marshall, Merchant, State of New York. 

MACARA, JAMES. 23d January 1818. 

Apprentice to Robert Fleming. — Son of the Rev. John Macara, Minister of the 
Antiburgher Congregation, Path of Struie. Bm-n 1788. Died 22d January 1855. 
Mar. 11th July 1834, Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Halkerston, S.S.C, LL.D. 
Author of The Four Leading Doctrines of the New Jerusalem. 

MACARA, LAURENCE MUDIE. 19th December 1833. 

Apprentice to .^neas Macbean. — Son of Robert Macara, Merchant in Dun 
fermline. Bom September 1804. Died 15th December 1875, unmarried. 

MACARTNEY, JOHN. 

Intimation to be given him, May 1636. 

MACARTNEY, WILLIAM. 
Died before 1614. 

MACAULAY, THOMAS. 

Signs Minute of 19th November 1596. Clerk to Society. Died about 1647. 
Mar. Katherine Wallace. 

MACBAYNE, JOHN CLERIHEW. 30th November 1792. 

Apprentice to John Smyth. — Only son of Lauchlan Macbayue, Grocer, Edinburgh. 
Died 14th November 1800. Mar. Susan Kerr. 

MACBEAN, ^NEAS. 27th November 1807. 

Apprentice to Archibald Milne. — Son of Alexander Macbean, Merchant in 
Campbelltown. Born 11th September 1776. Died 30th August 1857, unmarried. 

MACBEAN, ^NEAS. 16th November 1848. 

Apprentice to ^neas Macbean, his uncle. — Son of the Rev. Hugh Macbean, 
Minister of Ardclach. Born 13th June 1820. Mar. 15th April 1852, Mary Ann, 
second daughter of Harry Gordon, Liverpool. Circuit Clerk of Justiciary, 1864. 

MACBEAN, HARRY HAVELOCK. 25th May 1883. 

Apprentice to, and son of, .^Eneas Macbean, W.S. — Born 1st November 1857. 



t«6 THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

M'CALLUM, GEORGE KELLIE, of Braco. 18th November 1825. 

Apprentice to John Forman.— Only son of George M'Callum of Thornhill, Perth- 
shire. Bvrn 1804. Died 2d June 1884. Mar. 21st July 1841, Margaret Ann, 
only surviving daughter of George Kellie, M.D., Leith. 

M'CANDLISH, JOHN M'GREGOR. 12th June 1845. 

Apprentice to John Archibald Campbell. — Son of William M'Candlish, Receiver- 
General of Taxes for Scotland. Born 12th January 1821. Mar. 20th August 
1863, Mary Sibbald, eldest daughter of Patrick Dalmalioy, W.S. General 
Manager and Actuary of the Scottish Union and National Insurance Company. 
President of the Faculty of Actuaries in Scotland. 

M'CHEYNE, ADAM. 15th December 1814. " 

Apprentice to Robert Graham. — Son of William M'Cheyne, Thornhill. Bom 
1781. Died 24th February 1854. Mar. 1st November 1802, Lockhart Murray, 
daughter of David Dickson of Locherwoods, Dumfriesshire. 

M'CHEYNE, DAVID THOMAS. 30th November 1826. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Adam M'Cheyne, W.S. — Born 1804. Died 3d July 
1831, unmarried. 

M'CLELLAND, GEORGE HUTCHISON. 27th February 1823. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young. — Third son of Thomas M'Clelland, Agent for 
the Bank of Scotland, Ayr. Bom 26th December 1800. Died 19th October 1867, 
unmarried. Author of Predestination and Election Vindicated from the Dependence 
on Moral Necessity, 1848. 

M'COOK, JAMES. 23d November 1813. 

Apprentice to George Robinson. — Eldest son of James M'Cook, Advocate in 
Aberdeen. Died 28th April 1847, aged 59. Mar. 25th April 1820, Ann, only 
daughter of Thomas Laing. 

M'CULLOCH, JOHN SHEPPARD. 13th January 1890. 

Apprentice to R. L. and J. G. Stuart. — Son of John M'Casland M'Culloch of the 
British Linen Bank, Edinburgh. Bom 18th June 1867. 

M'CULLOCH, WALTER, of Ardwall. 11th March 1830. 

Apprentice to John Gibson, Junr. — Second son of James Murray M'Culloch of 

Ardwall, Kirkcudbrightshire. Bom 21st November 1807. Steward-Clerk of 

Kirkcudbright, 1849-59. 
MACDONALD, ALEXANDER, of Calley. 24th November 1774. 

Apprentice to Alexander Cunningham.— Eldest son of Duncan Macdonald, Writer 

in Edinburgh. Died 6th February 1813. 

MACDONALD, COLL, of Dalness. 18th March 1788. 

Apprentice to William Macdonald. — Eldest son of James Macdonald of Dalness, 
Argyllshire. Bmn 1762. Died 1st January 1837. Mar. 22d October 1796, 
Elizabeth Barbour, daughter of Captain Donald Macbean, 10th Regiment. 



T LIST OF MEMBEES 187 

MACDONALD, DUNCAN. 7th March 1833. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Coll Macdonald, W.S. — Born 9th November 1809. 
Died at Demerara 8th June 1842, unmarried. 

MACDONALD, GEORGE RAINY. 24th October 1885. 

Apprentice to Thomas S. Maclaren and William Traquair, Junr. — Son of Harry 
Macdonald, Writer and Banker in Portree. Born 11th December 1860. 

MACDONALD, HECTOR. 

See Buchanan, Hector Macdonald. 

MACDONALD, JAMES. 28th October 1874. 

Apprentice to John Auld. — Son of John Macdonald, Accountant, Edinburgh. 

Born 3d July 1850. Mar. 18th December 1889, Isabella Wilhelmina, younger 

daughter of Rev. William Cousin, Melrose. 
MACDONALD, JAMES CUMMING RAFF. 14th July 1884. 

Apprentice to Charles Baxter. — Son of James Macdonald, LL.D., Rector of Ayr 

Academy. Bwn 13th August 1858. 

MACDONALD, MATHEW NORMAN. 

See Hume, Mathew Norman Macdonald. 

MACDONALD, RANALD GEORGE MEYRITT. 12th November 1835. 

Apprentice to John Russell. — Fourth son of LieutenantrColonel Robert Mac- 
donald of Inchkenneth, Argyllshire. Born 25th February 1810. Died 19th 
September 1875. Mar. (1) 24th May 1836, AHcia Jane, eldest daughter of Rev. 
Nathaniel Bridges, Vicar of Hensbridge; and (2) 16th September 1875, Mary 
Ann, daughter of W. Horsman, and widow of E. Sandys Bain of Easter Livilands, 
Stirlingshire, Sergeant-at-Law. 

MACDONALD, THOMAS. 19th July 1779. 

Apprentice to William Macdonald. — Eldest son of James Macdonald of Falside, 
Sheriff-Substitute of Kincardine. Died 1821. Mar. 1st June 1780, Sarah, 
daughter of George Skene of Skene. 

MACDONALD, WILLLAM, of St. M.uitins. 11th January 1762. 

Apprentice to Robert Grant. — Eldest son of James Macdonald of Ranathan, Perth- 
shire. Born 1732. Died 17th May 1814. Mar. 4th January 1772, Cecilia, 
daughter of David Kinloch of Kilry, Perthshire. 

MACDONELL, ALEXANDER. 25th May 1826. 

Apprentice to James Macdonell. — Youngest son of Alexander Macdonell, Writer 
in Inverness. Died 11th August 1851, aged 50, unmarried. Sheriff-Substitute of 
Wigtownshire, 1829-47. 

MACDONELL, JAMES, of Milnfield. 17th May 1811. 

Apprentice to Coll Macdonald. — Eldest son of Alexander Macdonell, Writer in 
Inverness. Bom 1785. Died 23d November 1841. Ma/r. 4th January 1813, 
Mary Proby, second daughter of George Mackenzie of Pitlundie. 



1^ THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

MACDOUGALL, PATRICK, of Crichen. 20th July 1704. 

Apprentice to Harry NicolL — Died May 1734. Mar. 20th March 1701, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Robert Martin of Burnbrae. 

MACDOUGALL, ALLAN, of Gallanach. 25th June 1770. 

Apprentice to Colquhoun Grant. — Eldest son of Dugald Macdougall of Gallanach, 
Argyllshire. Died 24th December 1807. Mar. Margaret, second daughter of John 
Hay of Newhall, Mid-Lothian, Agent for the Commissioners of Annexed Estates. 

MACDOUGALL, ALLAN, of Hayfield. 26th February 1824. 

Apprentice to John Young. — Son of Patrick Macdougall of Macdougall. Born 
1798. Died 3d August 1876, unmarried. 

MACDOUGALL, PATRICK, of Gallanach. 27th June 1839. 

Apprentice to John Patten. — Eldest son of Dugald Macdougall of Gallanach, 
Argyllshire. Born 26th November 1817. Died 5th April 1866, unmarried. 

MACDO WALL, CHARLES. 5th July 1821. 

Apprentice to John Campbell quartus. — Son of Archibald Macdowall, Surveyor 
of Customs of Leith. Boi-n 1796. Died 27th July 1837. Mar. 26th November 
1832, Jane Margaret Sawers, daughter of John Finnic of Swanston. 

MACDUFF, ALEXANDER, of Bonhard. 14th November 1839. 

Apprentice to David Welsh. — Son of Alexander Macduff of Bonhard, Perthshire. 
Born 5th December 1816. Died 20th March 1866. Mar. 21st September 1842, 
Mary, daughter of Francis Brown of Jordanhill, Trinidad. 

MACDUFF, ALEXANDER, of Bonhard. 28th January 1876. 

Apprentice to Colin Mackenzie, A. D. M. Black, and J. M. Mackenzie. — Son of 
Alexander Macduff of Bonhard, W.S. Born 29th July 1849, Mar. 16th May 
1883, Edith Alexandrina, younger daughter of John Shiell of Smithfield, Forfar- 
shire. 

M'EWAN, JAMES, of Bardrochwood. 16th December 1830. 

Apprentice to Thomas Grierson. — Son of Robert M'Ewan, Factor for Lady 
Crawford at Rozelle, Ayrshire. Born 21st July 1801. Di^d 13th July 1874, 
unmarried. 

MACEWAN, WILLIAM, of Muckly. 25th February 1740. 

Apprentice to Archibald Stewart. — Son of John MacEwan of Muckly, Commissary 
Clerk of Dunkeld. Disd 7th February 1765. Mar. (1) Grizel, third daughter of 
Dr. Thomas Rattray of Craighall, Perthshire; and (2) November 1757, Mark, 
daughter of Thomas Douglas. 

MACEWAN, WILLIAM. 4th July 1809. 

Apprentice to Coll Macdonald. — Eldest son of Daniel MacEwan, Cattle-dealer at 

Bum of Ruskie. Died 3d October 1821. Mar. Ist August 1814, E , daughter 

of Lindsay, Stockbridge, EdinburgL 



LIST OF MEMBEES 129 

MACEWEN, WILLIAM CAMPBELL. 28th January 1876. 

Apprentice to Alexander F. Adam and John Kirk. — Son of John MacEwen of 
Broomhill, Inverness. Barn 17th September 1849. Mar. 29th July 1882, 
Margaret, second daughter of David Croall of Southfield, Mid-Lothian. 

MACFAELANE, JAMES, of Balwill. 6th June 1833. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young. — Son of James Macfarlane of Balwill, Stirling- 
shire. Born 3d December 1809. Died 18th June 1870, unmarried. 

MACFARLANE, JOHN. 24th December 1678. 

Apprentice to John Bayne. — Died 3d November 1709, aged 65. Mar. (1) 16th 
August 1680, Euphan Ritchie j and (2) June 1700, Christian, daughter of John 
Hamilton of Bangour, Linlithgowshire. Treasurer, 1691-7. 

MACFARLANE, JOHN. 12th November 1709. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Macfarlane, W.S. — Died 30th April 1771. Mar. 
January 1733, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Wardlaw of Pitreavie, Bart. 

MACFARLANE, ROBERT. 29th June 1827. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Only son of Parian Macfarlane, Tacksman of 
Glenmallashan, Dumbartonshire. Bwn 30th July 1802. Died 3d November 1880. 
Mar. 21st October 1843, Grace Addison, daughter of James Greig of Eccles, W.S. 
Admitted Advocate 9th March 1838. Appointed Sheriff of Renfrewshire 1853, 
raised to the bench with the title of Lord Ormidale, February 1862. 

MACFARLANE, WILLIAM. 19th November 1782. 

Apprentice to Colquhoim Grant. — Son of Daniel Macfarlane, Brewer in Portsburgh. 
Born 1749. Died 13th July 1831. Mar. (1) Barbara Waugh; and (2) 19th 
April 1811, Jane, eldest daughter of James Sommers, Writer, Edinburgh. 

MACFARQUHAR, JOHN. 1st August 1788. 

Apprentice to William Charles Craigie.— Son of George Macfarquhar, Coach- 
painter in Edinburgh. Died 10th June 1817. Mar. 15th October 1793, Bethia, 
daughter of Lawrence Brown of Edmonston. 

MACGILL, JOHN. 

Signs Mmute of 16th December 1594. Mar. 6th August 1606, Marion Sandilands. 

MACGILLIVRAY, WILLIAM. 3d November 1870. 

Apprentice to (1) John Dundas; and (2) Alexander Howe.— Son of Alexander 
Macgillivray, residing at Carron Terrace, Stonehaven. Bm-n 30th May 1823. 
Mar. 29th July 1868, Margaret, youngest daughter of John Dods, Brewer, Dunbar. 

MACGLASHAN, ROBERT, of Eastertyre. 9th March 1814. 

Apprentice to Robert Graham. — Second son of Major Alexander Macglashan of 
Eastertyre, Perthshire. Dtet^ 1st August 1825. 



180 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

MACGOWAN, JOHN. 24th January 1712. 

Died 18th August 1762. Mar. 1st April 1713, Margaret, daughter of Francis 
Borthwick of Hartsyde. 

MACGREGOE, JOHN. 16th January 1888. 

Apprentice to John W. Young and John Blair. — Eldest son of Malcolm 
Macgregor, S.S.O., Edinburgh. Born 6th January 1864. 

MACGEEGOE, EONALD. 18th July 1854. 

Apprentice to Edmund Baxter. — Eldest son of James Macgregor, Writer in Fort- 
William. Born 17th May 1830. Died 19th February 1868. Mar. 30th April 
1860, Duncana M'Lachlan, youngest daughter of Alexander Gumming of Grie- 
shernish. Isle of Skye. 

MACHAEG, JAMES. 7th March 1788. 

Apprentice to John Hunter. — Son of Archibald Macharg, Writer in Edinburgh. 

Died 1794. 

M'INTOSH, CHARLES. 13th July 1775. 

Apprentice to Eobert Jamieson. — Second son of John M'Intosh, Bailie and 
Merchant in Inverness. Died 26th November 1812, aged 71. 

M'INTOSH, DONALD. 4th March 1816. 

Apprentice to Kenneth Mackenzie. — Eldest son of Campbell M'Intosh of 
Dalmigavie, Writer in Inverness. Bom 1792. Died 19th October 1832, unmarried. 

M'INTOSH, GEOEGE. 27th October 1882. 

Apprentice to Hew Hamilton Crichton. — Eldest son of George M'Intosh, S.S.C., 
Edinburgh. Bam 5th October 1859. 

MACK, AITCHISON ALEXANDEE, of Burnside. 28th June 1827. 

Apprentice to Alexander Dallas and John Innes. — Sixth son of William Mack, 
Writer in Airdrie. Born 1803. Died 25th April 1843. Mar. 30th October 
1829, Martha, youngest daughter of John White, Memus, Forfarshire. 

MACK, OR MAK, GEOEGE. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. — Son of George Mack, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Fiscal 1604. Died 3d November 1622. Mar. Agnes Hay. 

MACK, GEOEGE. 7th November 1631. 

Apprentice to William Kellie. — Nephew of George Mack, W.S. Treasurer, 
1654-9. Died December 1664. Ee-admitted 21st November 1661. 

MACK, JOHN. 7th June 1667. 

Apprentice to, and only son of, George Mack, W.S. — Mar. Mary Hepburn. 

MACK, EOBEET. 21st November 1820. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson. — Son of William Mack, Writer in Airdrie. Died 
12th December 1827. ,.>■ li ■ . , ,r , ■ 



LIST OF MEMBEES jTH'i 131 

MACKAY, JAMES. 14th March 1867. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Robert Mackay, W.S.—Born 16th April 1844. Died 
25th December 1876, unmarried. 

MACKAY, JAMES FRANCIS. 10th October 1877. 

Apprentice to Donald Beith.— Son of John Mackay, Pharmaceutical Chemist in 
Edinburgh. Born 6th April 1855. Mar. 14th April 1886, Annie Alma, daughter 
of David Croall of Southfield, Mid-Lothian. 

MACKAY, ROBERT. 24th November 1831. 

Apprentice to Gibson and Oliphant. — Son of James Mackay, Jeweller in Edin- 
burgh. Bom 6th March 1807. Died 11th May 1872. Mar. 13th March 1835, 
Elinor, only daughter of John Thorbum, Merchant in Leith. 

MACKAY, THOMAS GEORGE. 8th March 1827. 

Apprentice to Richard Mackenzie. — Son of Captain ^neas Mackay of Scotston, 
Peeblesshire. Born 11th March 1803. Died 1st May 1864. Mar. 12th October 
1838, Mary, daughter of John Kirkcaldy of Baldovie, Forfarshire. 

M'KEAN, HUGH. 16th November 1831. 

Apprentice to (1) John M'Kean; (2) William Mackenzie; and (3) J. T. Gibson 
Craig. — Son of Andrew M'Kean of Locharwoods, Dumfriesshire. Born 30th 
June 1809. Mar. 11th August 1840, Ann Hally, third daughter of George 
Knight, Edinburgh. 

M'KEAN, JOHN. 6th March 1817. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Cathcart; (2) John Kermack. — Son of Andrew M'Kean 
of Locharwoods. Born 4th May 1794. Died 3d January 1839. Mar. 24th 
July 1820, Margaret, youngest daughter of John Thomson, Leith. Manager of 
Scottish Widows' Fund. 

MACKENZIE, ALEXANDER, of Delvine. 15th December 1714. 

Apprentice to Thomas Pringle. — Second son of John Mackenzie of Delvine, Perth- 
sWre. Died July 1737. Principal Clerk of Session, 12th December 1718 till death. 

MACKENZIE, ALEXANDER, of Portmore. 15th July 1763. 

Apprentice to John Mackenzie. — Son of Alexander Mackenzie, Bailie and 
Merchant in Dingwall. Born 5th February 1735. Died 4th September 1805. 
Mar. 25th October 1766, Ann, eldest daughter of Colin Mackenzie of Kilcoy, 
Ross-shire. 

MACKENZIE, ALEXANDER, of Meikle Scatwell. 24th June 1835. 

Apprentice to Alexander Monypenny. — Eldest son of William Mackenzie of 
Muirton, W.S. Born 28th February 1812. Mar. 6th January 1842, Marion 
Dalrymple, daughter of John Mansfield of Midmar, Aberdeenshire. Keeper of 
Register of Homings, etc., 1839-44. , „ ,, ,1,,, ■.,r, ,,,,.1.-- 



132 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

MACKENZIE, ANDEEW. 3d July 1778. 

Apprentice to John Mackenzie. — Second son of Kenneth Mackenzie, Professor of 
Civil Law in the University of Edinburgh. Died 10th September 1793. Mar. 
30th April 1789, Janet, daughter of James Goodlet Campbell of Achlyne, 
Perthshire. 

MACKENZIE, COLIN,. of Rosend. 25th July 1722. 

Apprentice to Alexander Mackenzie. — Son of Colin Mackenzie of Eosend. Died 
3d December 1746. 

MACKENZIE, COLIN, of Portmore. 2l8t November 1790. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Alexander Mackenzie of Portmore, Peeblesshire, W.S. 
—Born nth January 1770. Died 16th September 1830. Mar. 13th May 1803, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Forbes of Pitsligo, Bart. Principal Clerk of 
Session, Hth November 1804 to 23d Febniary 1828. Deputy-Keeper of the 
Signet, 1820-28. 

MACKENZIE, COLIN. 14th July 1864. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Hay Mackenzie, W.S. — Bwn 2 2d April 1 841 . 
Died 1.5th July 1882, unmarried. Deputy-Keeper of the Great Seal, 186G-82. 

MACKENZIE, DONALD. 1.5th November 1872. 

Apprentice to John Clerk Brodie. — Eldest son of Donald Mackenzie, Advocate, 
one of the Senators of the College of Justice. Barn 10th July 1844. Mar. 13th 
July 1878, Laura Augusta Mackenzie, second daughter of Lynedoch Douglas, 
fifth son of General Sir Kenneth Douglas, Bart., of Glenbervie. 

MACKENZIE, GEOEGE. 30th November 1675. 

Apprentice to John Bayne. 

MACKENZIE, GEOEGE. 15th July 1852. 

Apprentice to (1) Arthur Campbell; and (2) John Ord Mackenzie, his brother. 
— Fifth son of Richard Mackenzie of Dolphinton, W.S. Born 12th September 
1828. Died 16th September 1871. Mar. 16th April 1858, Agnes, second 
daughter of James Valentine Hagart of Glendelvine, Perthshire. 

MACKENZIE, JAMES. 10th March 1806. 

Apprentice to Alexander Grant. — Third son of Henry Mackenzie of the Exchequer, 
"The Man of Feeling." Died 7th February 1870, aged 90, unmarried. 

MACKENZIE, JAMES HAY. 1st March 1831. 

Apprentice to (1) William Mackenzie ; and (2) Eichard Mackenzie. — Second son 
of Colin Mackenzie of Portmore, W.S. Born 1810. Died 16th February 1865. 
Mar. (1) nth April 1838, Janet Isabella, eldest daughter of James Wedderbum, 
Advocate, Solicitor-General for Scotland; and (2) 4th March 1863, Selina Jane 
Norton, widow of Donald Hume Macleod, 68th Eegiment. Keeper of Register 
of Inhibitions, etc., 1844-65. Deputy-Keeper of the Great Seal, 1858-65. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 133 

MACKENZIE, JOHN, of Delvine. [No date] 1737. 

Apprentice to Hugh Somerville. — Fourth son of John Mackenzie of Delvine. 

Died 14th June 1778. Mar. Miss Ronton of Lamerton. Deputy-Keeper of the 

Signet, 1770-78. Principal Clerk of Session, 8th March 1776. 
MACKENZIE, JOHN, of Letterewk 15th December 1825. 

Apprentice to William Mackenzie and Alexander Monypenny. — Eldest son of 

Alexander Mackenzie of Letterewe, Ross-shire. Died 4th January 1834, aged 33, 

unmarried. 
MACKENZIE, JOHN. 23d June 1853. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Whitefoord Mackenzie, W.S. — Born 3d September 

1830. 

MACKENZIE, JOHN. 18th November 1861. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Ord Mackenzie of Dolphinton, Lanarkshire, W.S. 
— Bom 1st March 1838. Died 22d August 1868, unmarried. 

MACKENZIE, JOHN MANSFIELD. 18th March 1869. 

Apprentice to (1) Thomas G. Mackay and Alexander Howe; and (2) Colin 
Mackenzie. — Second son of Alexander Mackenzie of Meikle Scatwell, Ross-shire, 
W.S. Bom 20th January 1846. 

MACKENZIE, JOHN ORD, of Dolphinton. 26th June 1832, 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Richard Mackenzie of Dolphinton, W.S. — Born 
18th March 1811. Mar. (1) 25th April 1833, Margaret Hope, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Kirkpatrick, Bart., of Closeburn, Dumfriesshire ; and (2) 20th January 
1881, Joanna, elder daughter of William Spens, Manager of the Scottish 
Amicable Assurance Company, Glasgow. 

MACKENZIE, JOHN WHITEFOORD. 26th May 1818. 

Apprentice to Francis Napier. — Eldest son of John Mackenzie, M.D., Edinburgh. 
Born 29th August 1794. Died 8th November 1884. Mar. 2d October 1826, 
Jane Campbell, daughter of John Gordon of Carleton, Ayrshire, W.S. 

MACKENZIE, KENNETH. 21st November 1777. 

Apprentice to John Eraser. — Second son of Kenneth Mackenzie of Dundonnell, 
Ross-shire. Died 1790. 

MACKENZIE, KENNETH, of Inverinate. 29th June 1786, 

Apprentice to Alexander Mackenzie. — Son of John Mackenzie of Brae. Died 
20th November 1820. Mar. 27th October 1787, Ann, second daughter of 
Thomas Mackenzie of Applecross, Ross-shire. 

MACKENZIE, KENNETH. 15th December 1825. 

Apprentice to Kenneth and Thomas Mackenzie. — Second son of Alexander 
Mackenzie of Hilton, Ross-shire. Bm-n 1798. Died in Canada 19th May 1874. 
Mar. (!) 1831, Anne Urquhart, Aberdeen; and (2) 26th October 1853, Elizabeth 
Charlotte Jones, 



134 THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

MACKENZIE, RICHARD, of Dolphinton. 8th March 1803. 

Apprentice to Kenneth Mackenzie. — Son of John Mackenzie of Dolphinton. 
Bom 2d August 1780. Died 22d March 1850. Mar. 3d April 1810, Jane, daugh- 
ter of Captain John Hamilton, 73d Regiment. Fiscal, 1820-24. Treasurer, 
1824-28. Joint Deputy-Keeper of the Signet, 1828-50. 

MACKENZIE, ROBERT, of Salachary. 9th July 1801. 

Apprentice to Kenneth Mackenzie. — Son of William Mackenzie, "Writer in Inver- 
aray. Bom 1774. Died 29th March 1838. Mar. 18th May 1835, Mary, widow 
of Duncan Campbell of Duncholgine, Argyllshire. 

MACKENZIE, RODERICK. 23d November 1819. 

Apprentice to .-Eneas Macbean. — Son of George Mackenzie of Inniklet. Bom 
1793. Disd 4th January 1844. Mar. 28th October 1822, Euphemia, eldest 
daughter of Andrew Johnston of Rennyhill, Fifeshire. 

MACKENZIE, THOMAS, of Applecross. 4th March 1816. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Kenneth Mackenzie of Inverinate, W.S. — Bom 
1793. Died 9th June 1856. 3Iar. 13th May 1817, Margaret, daughter of George 
Mackenzie of Avoch, Ross-shire. M.P. for Ross and Cromarty, 1837-47. 

MACKENZIE, THOMAS. 13th November 1849. 

Apprentice to Arthur Campbell. — Third son of Thomas Mackenzie, W.S. Bom 
28th November 1822. Died 11th March 1884, unmarried. 

MACKENZIE, WILLIAM, of Muirton. 25th February 1803. 

Apprentice to Colin Mackenzie, his brother. — Seventh son of Alexander Mac- 
kenzie of Portmore, W.S. 5om 1st October 1780. Died 28th April 1856. Mar. 
(1) 6th July 1809, Mary, eldest daughter of James Mansfield of Midmar; and (2) 
9th April 1821, Alice, eldest daughter of Andrew Wauchope of Niddrie-Marischal, 
Mid-Lothian. Keeper of the Register of Homings, etc., 1829-39. 

MACKERSY, LINDSAY. 15th March 1860. 

Apprentice to, and son of, William Mackersy, W.S. — Bom 10th December 1831. 
Mar. 2d August 1859, Ann Helena, youngest daughter of James Charles Stuart 
of Erncrogo, Kirkcudbrightshire. 

MACKERSY, WILLIAM. 8th July 1823. 

Apprentice to Charles Tawse. — Son of the Rev. John Mackersy, D.D., Minister of 
West Calder. Bom 1795. Died 3d October 1875. Mar. 4th August 1829, 
Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Robert Walker of Sunny Bank, Fifeshire. 

MACKERSY, WILLIAM ROBERT. 17th January 1888. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Pringle; and (2) George Dunlop. — Son of Lindsay 
Mackersy, W.S. Born 1st December 1863. Mar. 10th June 1890, Mary Luke, 
youngest daughter of John Bainbridge Callum, Edinburgh. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 135 

MACKINTOSH, SIMON FRASER. 15th January 1819. 

Appreritice to Richard Hotchkis. — Son of James Mackintosh of Farr, Invemess- 

shire. Died 10th September 1842, aged 53, unmarried. 
MACKINTOSH, THOMAS. 12th April 1887. 

Apprentice to John William Young and John Blair. — Son of the Rev. Thomas 

Mackintosh, Minister of St. Cyrus. Bom 12th October 1863. 

MACKNIGHT, JAMES, of Dalsraith. 5th December 1833. 

Apprentice to James and Charles Nairne. — Son of the Rev. Thomas Macknight, 
D.D., Minister of Old Church, Edinburgh. Barn 23d September 1810. Died 6th 
November 1878. Mar. 28th April 1842, Helen, third daughter of Commander 
Hugh Pearson, E.N., of Myrecaimie and Vellore. Edited, for the Abbotsford and 
Maitland Clubs, Memoirs of Sir Ewen Cameron of Lodieil, 1848. 

MACKNIGHT, SAMUEL. 7th March 1786. 

Apprentice to (1) John Bell; and (2) John Tait. — Son of the Rev. James Mac- 
knight, D.D., Minister of Lady Yester's, Edinburgh. Died 24th August 1807. 

MACLACHLAN, GEORGE, of Maclachlan. 30th November 1826. 

Apprentice to Robert Mackenzie. — Son of Donald Maclachlan of Maclachlan. 
5oTO 1803. I)j«(Z 7th August 1877. ilfar. Mary, daughter of John Thow. 

MACLACHLAN, JOHN, of Maclachlan. 13th April 1885. 

Apprentice to Frederick Pitman. — Second and eldest surviving son of George 
Maclachlan of Maclachlan, W.S. Bom 3d January 1859. 

MACLACHLAN, ROBERT. 18th October 1886. 

Apprentice to Colin Mackenzie, A. D. M. Black and J. M. Mackenzie. — Third son 
of George Maclachlan of Maclachlan, W.S. Born 20th September 1860. Mar. 25th 
April 1883, Helen Louisa, daughter of Captain Hale Monro of Ingsdon, Devon. 

M'LACHLAN, WILLIAM MACKAY. 20th October 1885. 

Apprentice to William Campbell M'Ewen.— Son of the Rev. James M'Lachlan, 
Minister of Inveravon, Banffshire. Born 19th November 1861. 

MACLAEEN, THOMAS SHAW, of Shawfield. 15th July 1874. 

Apprentice to William Traquair. — Son of James Maclaren of Dalnabrick, Perth- 
shire. Born 7th August 1841. Mar. 25th January 1883, Isabella Davidson, elder 
daughter of John Smith, Banker and Solicitor, Anstruther. 

M'LAREN, LAURENCE. 14th July 1890. 

Apprentice to John Rutherford. — Son of John M'Laren, Merchant, Edinburgh. 
Bom 23d January 1865. 

MACLAEEN, WILLIAM ALEXANDER 20th January 1875. 

Apprentice to Thomas Spalding. — Son of Thomas Maclaren, S.S.C. B(mi 4th 
May 1843. Died 9th April 1886. Mar. 20th March 1884, Sarah Louisa, younger 
daughter of Benjamin Liddell of Press Castle, Berwickshire. 



136 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

MACLAURIN, JOHN. 10th March 1825. 

Apprentice to (1) Donald Maclean ; and (2) John and Walter Ferrier. — Youngest 
son of John Maclaurin, residing at Lochfynehead. Born 1799. Died 20th May 
1880. Mar. 22d December 1830, Grace, daughter of James Wylie of Airlywight, 
Perthshire. Sheriff-Substitute at Inveraray, 1834-60. Author of a Digest of tlie 
Sheriff's Small Debt Act for ScotUmd, 1838, and other works. 

MACLEAN, ARCHIBALD. 17th November 1836. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Donald Maclean, W.S. — Born 13th December 1810. 
Died 24th September 1844, unmarried. 

MACLEAN, DONALD, of Drimnin. 26th February 1796. 

Apprentice to Colquhoun Grant. — Son of Allan Maclean of Drimnin, Argyllshire. 
Born 15th January 1770. Died 16th March 1853. Mar. 24th April 1793, 
Lilias, daughter of Colquhoun Grant, W.S. Solicitor to Court of Exchequer, 
1822-37. 

MACLEAN, FITZROY JEFFERIES GRAFTON. 4th December 1845. 

Apprentice to John Maclaurin. — Son of Donald Maclean, W.S. Bmn 30th August 
1813. Died 20th March 1858, unmarried. 

M'LEAN, HECTOR FREDERICK. 22d May 1845. 

Apprentice to Charles Cuningham and Carlyle Bell. — Third son of John M'liean 
of Campbeltown. Born 9th November 1818. Mar. 1st June 1869, Marsali, 
daughter of .^neas Ranaldson Macdonell of Glengarry. 

MACLEAN, JOHN. 24th January 1687. 

Apprentice to John M'Farlane. — Died April 1695. 

MACLEHOSE, ANDREW CRAIG. 1st July 1808. 

Apprentice to Robert Ainslie. — Son of James Maclehose, Attorney-at-Law at 
Kingston, Jamaica. Born 1778. I>i?<^ 10th April 1839. ^ar. 2d October 1809, 
Mary, eldest daughter of John Goodrum of Shropham, Norfolk. 

MACLEOD, ALEXANDER. 15th September 1704. 

Died June 1706. Mar. Margaret, eldest daughter of William Montgomery of 
Macbiehill, Peeblesshire. Under-Keeper of the Signet, 1704-5. 

MACLEOD, RODERICK. 7th March 1732. 

Apprentice to (1) Ronald Campbell; and (2) John Buchanan. — Second son of 
William Macleod of Luskinder, Invemess-shire. Died 26th June 1784. 3Iar. (1) 
Isabel, only daughter of Hector Bannatyne of Karnes, Buteshire ; and (2) Marjory, 
daughter of John Tayloi-, Writer in Edinburgh. Father of Sir William Macleod 
Bannatyne, one of the Lords of Council and Session. 



LtST OF MEMBEKS 13t 

M'MILLAN, ALEXANDER, of Dunmore. 13th October 1726. 

Apprentice to John Cunningham of Bandalloch.— I>ie(^ 26th July 1770. Mar. 
(1) Margaret Campbell; and (2) Jane Campbell. Deputy-Keeper of the Signet, 
1726-1742 and 1746-1770. 

MACMILLAN, ALEXANDER. 19th June 1834. 

Apprentice to Thomas Peat.— Son of Alexander Macmillan, Merchant in Campbel- 
town. Bmi 28th June 1808. Died 30th June 1865. Mar. 5th July 1841, Basil 
Hamilton, second daughter of Captain Henry Dundas Beatson, of H.M. Revenue 
cruiser Swift. 

MACMILLAN, ROBERT. 6th March 1810. 

Apprentice to John Syme. — Son of William Macmillan, Writer in Newton-Douglas. 
Barn 1779. Died 19th May 1831, unmarried. 

MACMILLAN, THOMAS. 17th November 1816. ' 

Apprentice to David Wemyss. — Son of Thomas Macmillan of Shorthope, Selkirk- 
shire. Born 1789. Died 10th June 1838, unmarried. 

MACNAB, JOHN, of Newton. 4th July 1783. 

Apprentice to John Davidson. — Eldest son of Archibald Macnab of Newton of 
Balquhidder. Died 4th August 1801. 

M'NEILL, ARCHIBALD. 18th June 1829. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Sym; and (2) John Maclaurin. — Son of John M'Neill 
of Colonsay, Argyllshire. Bom September 1803. Died 2d June 1870. Mar. 
18th July 1836, Christina Erskine, daughter of Major William Mitchell, of the 
Royal Bengal Artillery. Director in Chancery, 1843-58. Principal Clerk of 
Session, 6th July 1858 till death. Author of Notes cm tlie Authenticity of the 
Poems of Ossian. 

MACNEILL, EWEN CAMERON. 3d July 1828. 

Apprentice to John and Alexander Smith. — Youngest son of Roderick Macneill 
of Barra, Inverness-shire. Died 1847, aged 42, unmarried. 

MACNEIL, HECTOR ARCHIBALD. 25th November 1830. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston. — Son of Captain Archibald Macneil of the 75th 
Regiment, and 3d Royal Veteran Battalion. Died 11th April 1875. Mar. 5th 
July 1842, Louisa, daughter of James Sinclair of Forss, Caithness. 

MACNEILLIE, DAVID. 4th July 1809. 

Apprentice to Alexander Blair.— Son of John Macneillie, Marchiield, Castle- 
Douglas. Born 15th July 1779. Died 11th April 1850. Mar. 24th May 1819, 
Mary, daughter of John Falconer, Mains of Dalrulzian, Perthshire. 

s 



138 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

MACONOCHIE, ROBEET BLAIE, of Gattonside. 23d November 1837. 

Apprentice to Alexander Monypenny. — Second son of Alexander Maconochie of 
Meadowbank, Mid-Lothian, one of the Senators of the College of Justice. Born 
2l8t May 1814. Died 4th October 1883. Mar. 6th January 1846, Charlotte 
Joanna, daughter of John Tod of Kirkhill, Mid-Lothian. 

M'PHEESON, JOHN. 26th January 1671. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham. — Son of Dougall M'Pherson of Powrie. Died 
November 1675. Mar. 8th October 1671, Mary Bruce. 

MACPHEESON, JOHN MOETON. 18th October 1876. 

Apprentice to Thomas Jarron Gordon. — Son of Andrew Macpherson, Feuar at 
Newmilns, Ayrshire. Bm-n 26th May 1845. Mar. 27th December 1878, Louisa, 
youngest daughter of Joseph Davies, Kensington, London. 

MACPHEESON, "WILLIAM. 16th February 1781. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cockbura — Son of James Macpherson, Architect at Dean. 
Died 9th May 1813, unmarried. 

MACQUEEN, HUGH. 9th March 1814. 

Apprentice to Coll Macdonald. — Second son of Donald Macqueen of Corrybrough, 
Inverness-shire. Born 1791. Died 11th March 1836, unmarried. 

MACEAE, ANDEEW MUEISON. 29th June 1826. 

Apprentice to John Morison. — Son of William Gordon Macrae. Born 17th 
August 1800. Died at Melbourne 24th July 1847. Mar. 25th September 1830, 
Georgianna Huntly, daughter of Gordon, Gordon Castle, Banff. 

MACEAE, COLIN GEOEGE, of Wellbank. 16th November 1871. 

Apprentice to (1) John Anthony Macrae ; and (2) John Kennedy. — Son of John 
Anthony Macrae, W.S. Bom 30th November 1844. Mar. 22d June 1877, 
Flora Maitland, daughter of John Colquhoun, Author of Tlie Moor and Loch. 

MACEAE, HOEATIO EOSS, of Clunes. 15th October 1873. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie, J. B. Innes, and John and C. B. Logan. — Son 
of John Anthony Macrae, W.S. Born 5th July 1846. Mar. 27th March 1884, 
Letitia May, fourth daughter of Sir William Maxwell of Cardoness, Bart. 

MACEAE, JOHN ANTHONY, LL.D. 2d July 1835. 

Apprentice to John Bowie and William B. Campbell. — Son of Colin Macrae of 
Inverinate, Eoss-shire. Bom 1st February 1812. Died 23d May 1868. Mar. 
15th July 1841, Joanna Isabella, youngest daughter of John Maclean of Carriacou, 
Grenada. 

M'EITCHIE, THOMAS ELDER, of Craigton and Denork. 4th March 1824. 

Apprentice to (1) James Little ; and (2) John Murray. — Eldest son of John 
M'Eitchie of Denork, Fifeshire. Born 1800. Died 29th December 1878, 
unmarried. .,.,Vi ./(tjialinUCl k> aijuriii ,i^ui:;- j-iii-i ni ,<,iei'^' 



LIST OF MEMBERS 189 

MACTAGGART, SCIPIO ALEXANDER. 19th November 1835. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson and James Steuart. — Son of Daniel Mactaggart, 
Writer in Campbeltown. Barn 15th March 1812. Died 25th June 1886. Mar. 
4th November 1851, Katherine, daughter of Colonel Hook, Ceylon Rifles. 
Sherifi"-Clerk of Argyllshire, 1837-86. 

MACTAVISH, DUGALD. 9th March 1813. 

Apprentice to (1) James Ferrier; and (2) John Ferrier. — Eldest son of Lachlan 
Mactavish of Dunardry. Bm-n 1780. Died 1855. Mar. 30th April 1810, 
Letitia, only daughter of the Rev. William Lockhart, D.D., Glasgow. Sheriff- 
Substitute at Campbeltown, 1823-48. 

MAITLAND, AUGUSTUS. 16th December 1824. 

Apprentice to Sir James Gibson-Craig.— Third son of Sir Alexander Charles 
Gibson Maitland of Clifton Hall, Bart., Mid-Lothian. Bom 27th March 1800. 
Died 26th January 1855. Mar. 1st June 1843, Elizabeth Jane, daughter of the 
Rev. William Page Richards, D.D. ■• 

MAITLAND, GEORGE RAMSAY. 18th July 1849. 

Apprentice to Augustus Maitland. — Second son of Alexander Gibson Maitland, 
yr. of Clifton Hall, Advocate. Barn 19th January 1821. Died 24th June 1866. 
Mar. 19th September 1848, Alice Anne, eldest daughter of Josiah Nisbet, of the 
East India Company's Service. 

MAITLAND, KEITH RAMSAY. 20th October 1890. 

Apprentice to T. D. Brodie. — Son of Colonel Keith Ramsay Maitland, 79th High- 
landers. Born 13th October 1865. 

MANNERS, ALEXANDER. ; ir. ;x^ 16th November 1819. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Thomas Manners, W.S. — Died 1856, aged 61. Mar. 
15th May 1820, Barbara, eldest daughter of Stewart Murray Fullerton of that Ilk. 

MANNERS, THOMAS. 14th July 1789. 

Apprentice to John Tait.— Son of Alexander Manners, Merchant in Edinburgh. 

Died 8th September 1826. Mar. 18th August 1791, Juliana, daughter of 

Archibald Hope. Depute-Clerk of Session, 29th November 1814 till death. 
MANSON, ANDREW. 27th September 1630. 

Apprentice to Robert Lauder. 

MANSON, THOMAS. 17th March 1797. 

Apprentice to David Campbell. — Son of John Manson, Merchant, Tain. Died 
21st July 1815. Mar. 

MARJORIBANKS, ANDREW, of that Ilk. :- . . r loth December 1702. 

Apprentice to James Hay of Carriber. — Eldest son of Thomas Marjoribanks of 
that Ilk. Died 13th April 1742. Mar. 1700, Christian, daughter of James Hay 
of Carriber, Linlithgowshire. Commissary of Edinburgh. 



140 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

MAEJORIBANKS, ANDREW, of that Ilk. 20th March 1739. 

Apprentice to Archibald Campbell. — Eldest son of Andrew Marjoribanks of that 
Ilk, W.S. Died 20th February 1766. Mar. (1) 1744, Mary Chalmers ; and (2) 
February 1755, Jean, daughter of Thomas Boyes, Depute-Clerk of Session. 

MARSHALL, ARCHIBALD. 2d June 1663. 

Apprentice to Hugh Paterson. — Mar. Barbara Hamilton. 

MARSHALL, JAMES. 29th June 1759. 

Apprentice to David Spens. — Eldest son of John Marshall, "Writer in Strathaven. 
Born 1731. Died 23d May 1807. Mar. April 1761, Janet, daughter of David 
Spens, W.S. Fiscal, 1796-1807. 

MARSHALL, JOHN. 7th July 1680. 

Apprentice to Andrew Aikman. — Mar. Marion Morton. 

MARSHALL, ROBERT. 6th December 1799. 

Apprentice to James Walker. — Eldest son of Robert Marshall, Merchant in 

Glasgow. Died 27th September 1823. Mar. 29th October 1819, Jane Cochran, 
" late wife" of Captain Shirley. 

MARSHALL, ROBERT DOWLING C ALDER. 17th March 1890. 

Apprentice to Colin G. Macrae. — Son of John Dalrymple Marshall, Edinburgh. 
Bam 25th August 1866. 

MARSHALL, THOMAS ROGER. 5th October 1873. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton and George T. Kinnear. — Son of John 
Marshall, M.D. Bmi 26th June 1849. 

MARSHALL, WILLIAM, of Callander. 1st July 1830. 

Apprentice to Robert Macmillan. — Son of William Marshall, Merchant in Edin- 
burgh ; and Agnes, sister and co-heiress of George Hunter of Callander. Bwn 
4th April 1806. Died 18th November 1851. Mar. 29th July 1845, Isabella, 
eldest daughter of Hugh Auld, Cashier of the Commercial Bank of Scotland. 

MARSHALL, WILLIAM HUNTER, of Callander. - 15th July 1874. 

Apprentice to Patrick Blair.— Eldest son of William Marshall of Callander, W.S. 
Bcyrn 6th June 1846. 

MARTIN, FRANCIS JOHN. 19th April 1876. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Martin, W.S. — Bom 19th March 1853. Mar. 
14th April 1886, Jessie Agnes Helen, eldest daughter of Robert Barclay, Glasgow. 

MARTIN, JOHN. 6th March 1834. 

Apprentice to Charles James Fox Orr. — Son of Francis Martin of Davieland, 
Dean of the Faculty of Procurators in Paisley. Born 23d July 1811. Mar. 22d 
October 1850, Mary, eldest daughter of Charles James Fox Orr of Thomly Park, 
Renfrewshire, W.S. Principal Clerk of Session, 1880. 



LIST OF MEMBERS ^'"'^ 141 

MARTIN, WILLIAM ALEXANDER. 21st May 1806. 

Apprentice to Archibald Swinton. — Eldest son of Peter Martin, Cabinet-Maker in 
Edinburgh. Barn 1780. Died 26th September 1828. Mar. 3d October 1806, 
Margaret, daughter of John Davie of G-avieside. 

MARWICK, DAVID WILLIAM, LL.B. 13th July 1885. 

Apprentice to Peter Gardner. — Son of Sir James David Mar wick, LL.D., 
Town-Clerk of Glasgow. Bmi 4th July 1860. 

MASTERTON, CHARLES, of Parkmill. Febraary 1709. 

Apprentice to Charles Row. — Eldest son of Francis Masterton of Parkmill, Clack- 
mannanshire. Died about 1747. Mar. Mary, daughter of John Kiery of Gogar, 
Perthshire. Substitute-Keeper, 1708-9 and 1713-14. 

MATHESON, ALEXANDER. 14th July 1879. 

Apprentice to James Barker Duncan. — Third surviving son of Alexander 
Matheson, Merchant in Edinburgh. Bom 15th March 1855. 

MAULE, DAVID. 27th September 1714. 

Sixth son of John Maule, son of George Maule of Cairncorthie. Died 20th 
January 1744. Substitute-Keeper and Clerk, 1713-14. 

MAULE, HARRY. 4th April 1707. 

Apprentice to Robert Innes. — Third son of John Maule, son of George Maule of 
Cairncorthie. Died 4th December 1734. Mar. September 1705, Margaret, 
daughter of Major John Neilson. Deputy-Keeper of the Signet, 1713-14. 

MAULE, JAMES. 10th March 1789. 

Apprentice to William Leslie. — Son of John Maule, Writer in Stonehaven. Died 
nth April 1805. 

MAWER, WALTER. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. Son of William Mawer. Mar. Margaret 
Hervie. ^ ^m. 

MAXWELL, .GEORGE. 3d June 1824. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hunter. — Son of George Maxwell, Prior's Lynn, 
Dumfriesshire. Bwn 1797. Died 10th December 1879. Mar. 16th April 1857, 
Jane, daughter of Andrew Wishart, Contractor. 

MAXWELL, HAMILTON. 14th April 1884. 

Apprentice to J. R. M'L. Wedderburn and G. G. Watson. — Younger son of 
Colonel James Maxwell, C.B., of the 1st West India Regiment. Born 6th January 
1861. 

MAXWELL, JOHN HERRIES, of Munches. 27th November 1807. 

Apprentice to Hugh Corrie. — Eldest son of Wellwood Maxwell of Barncleugh, 
Kirkcudbrightshire. Born 1783. Died 1st March 1843. Mar. 1813, Clementina, 
daughter of William Maxwell, East Blackshaw, Caerlaverock. "'" "' 



14« THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET 

MAXWELL, PATRICK. 14th September 1631. .4 

Apprentice to Andrew Nimmo. 

MEGGET, THOMAS. 6th December 1804. 

Apprentice to James Buchan. — Son of John Megget, Tanner in Edinburgh. Died 
19th February 1864, aged 82. Mar. 4th August 1810, Jane Bell, daughter of the 
Rev, Thomas Murray, Minister of Channelkirk. 

MEIK, HENRY HUNTER. 13th July 1885. 

J Apprentice to James Hope and John Kirk. — Son of Thomas Meik, Civil Engineer, 
Edinburgh. Bam 13th August 1860. 

MEIK, JOHN, OF FoRTissAT. 9th March 1791. 

Apprentice to James Home. — Eldest son of William Meik of Fortissat, Lanark- 
shire. Died 20th January 1845, aged 76, unmarried. 

MEIKLEJOHN, JOHN. 7th June 1821. ' 

Apprentice to Richard Hotchkis and James Tytler. — Only son of William Meikle- 
john, Torrie. Bom 1786. Died 29th April 1851. Mar. (1) 18th November 1822, 
Catherine, youngest daughter of Alexander M'Callum, Plewlands ; and (2) Marian 
Hutton. Fiscal to Lyon Court, 1837-51. 

MEIN, JOHN. 19th March 1723. 

.'. Apprentice to Patrick Pitcairn. Z'ie^^ 3d January 1729. A 

MELDRUM, DAVID BAYNE. 26th January 1854. 

Apprentice to J. M. Melville, J. F. Walker Drummond, and James Lindesay. 

— Eldest son of Alexander Meldrum of Easter Kincaple, Fifeshire, Advocate. 
.(! Bom 7th August 1829. 
'MELVILLE, ARCHIBALD. 30th May 1844. 

Apprentice to John Glassford Hopkirk. — Son of Robert Melville, residing in 

Falkirk. Born 2d September 1804. Died 21st March 1884. Mar. 14th May 

1875, Margaret Watson. 

MELVILLE, DANIEL. 

Died June 1651. Ma/r. 26th December 1615, Beatrix Edmonstone. 

MELVILLE, JAMES MONCRIEFF, of Hanley. 15th May 1817. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson. — Son of Dr. Thomas Moncrieflf Melville, Physician 
in St. Andrews. Born 28th September 1793. Died 28th September 1872. Mar. 
(1) 19th August 1832, Augusta, youngest daughter of Vice-Admiral Lechmere, of 
Steeple Aston, Oxfordshire; and (2) 18th October 1839, Margaret, third daughter 
of David Aytoun Lindsay of Wormiston, Fifeshire. 

MELVILLE, SiK JOHN, Knight. 6th December 1827. 

Apprentice to Alexander Manners. — Son of George Melville, residing at Newing- 
ton, Edinburgh. Bam 1803. Died 5th May 1860. Mar. 19th June 1838, Jane, 
daughter of William Marshall, Edinburgh. Lord Provost of Edinburgh, 1854-59. 
Knighted, 1859. Crown Agent, 1860. 



LIST OF MEMBEES im 

MENTEATH, ALEXANDER STEUART. ' • 10th July 1834. 

Apprentice to John Donaldson. — Son of Sir Charles Granville Steuart Menteath, 
Bart, of Closeburn, Dumfriesshire. £m-n 10th March 1809. Died 11th August 
1885. Mar. 5th August 1841, Harriet, youngest daughter of Major-General 
Patrick Agnew of Lochnaw, and Authoress of several poems. 

MENZIES, ALAN LOCKHART. 13th April 1886. 

Apprentice to Ralph and W. J. Dundas, and G. M. Paul. — Son of William John 
Menzies, W.S. Bm-n 2d April 1861. Mar. 10th June 1890, Katherine Helen, 
youngest daughter of Henry Bruce of Ederline. 

MENZIES, ALEXANDER, of Chesthill. 25th June 1770. 

Apprentice to Robert Menzies. — Eldest son of John Menzies in Culivulin, Ran- 
noch. Died suddenly, 9th June 1804. Mar. 5th November 1772, Eleanor 
Hamilton, daughter of James Menzies of Culdares, Perthshire. Principal Clerk 
of Session, 10th December 1778 till death. 

MENZIES, ALLAN. 17th December 1829. 

Apprentice to Richard Mackenzie and William Sharpe. — Son of the Rev. William 
Menzies, Minister of Lanark. Born 1805. Died 13th February 1856. Mar. 2d 
August 1833, Helen, daughter of Alexander Cowan, Moray House, Edinburgh. 
Professor of Conveyancing in the University of Edinburgh, 1847-56. Author of 
Conveyancing according to the Law of Scotland, 1856, and other legal works. 

MENZIES, ARCHIBALD. 7th August 1661.., , 

Apprentice to John Semple. .sifPL-)/. J-s 

MENZIES, CHARLES, dF Kinmxjndy. 15th March 1697. 

Apprentice to William Dykes. — Died August 1764. 

MENZIES, JAMES. 4th December 1685. 

Apprentice to Andrew Young. — Mar. Christian Scott. 

MENZIES, JAMES, of Pitnacree. 11th June 1829. 

Apprentice to John Forman.— Eldest son of Archibald Menzies of Pitnacree, 
Perthshire. Died 3d April 1849, aged 42. Mar. July 1833, Maria Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of Edward Menzies of Paradise Pen, Kingston, Jamaica. 

MENZIES, ROBERT, of Culteralleks. 3d August 1742. 

Apprentice to James Baillie. — Eldest son of John Menzies, M.D. Died 28th 
August 1769. Mar. December 1749, Mai-garet, daughter of the Rev. John 
Thomson, Minister of West Liberton. 

MENZIES, ROBERT, of Bolfracks. 23d November 1795. 

Apprentice to John Graeme. — Eldest son of Robert Menzies, Chamberlain to 
Sir John Menzies of that Ilk. Died 22d January 1838, aged 72, unmarried. 
Depute-Clerk of Session, 19th January 1802 till death. .. „,,<^ ,tu, ,, ,^,, 



'l*! THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

MENZIES, WILLIAM, of Raw. 6th August 1675. 

Apprentice to William Chieslie. — Son of Captain William Menzies of Castlehill, 
Lanarkshire. Died 2d September 1721. Joint Fiscal, 1702-3. 

MENZIES, WILLIAM JOHN. 25th November 1858. 

Apprentice to (1) Allan Menzies; and (2) John Dundas and William Wilson. — 
^'' ' Son of Allan Menzies, W.S. Bm-n 14th October 1834. Mar. (1) 12th July 1859, 
Helen, daughter of Alexander Adie and widow of James Marshall of Callander ; 
(2) 28th July 1870, Ellen, youngest daughter of William Young and widow of 
William Tweedie; and (3) 14th October 1879, Annie Percival, eldest daughter of 
''"•' Captain J. A. Drought, Whigsborough, Bang's County, and widow of T. S. Jones, 
of the National Bank of India, Bombay. 

MERCER, HUGH SMITH. 25th June 1790. 

Apprentice to John Innes. — Son of Alexander Mercer, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Died 15th October 1803. Mar. (1) Euphemia, daughter of Archibald Nisbet of 
Carphin; (2) 16th January 1792, Magdalene Wilson of Blackleymill. 

MERCER, ROBERT, or Scotsbank. 5th July 1821. 

Apprentice to William Scott. — Son of James Mercer of Scotsbank, Selkirkshire, 
Writer in Edinburgh. Born 1796. Died 3d November 1875. Mar. 27th October 
1825, Elizabeth Scott, daughter of William Scott Moncrieff of Fossoway, Perthshire. 

MERCER, WILLLAM. 21st December 1820. 

Apprentice to Robert Ainslie. — Son of Hugh Smith Mercer, W.S. Died 24th 
rv>)f February 1853. Mar. 22nd October 1821, Catherine, eldest daughter of Robert 
Maxwell, Paisley. 

METHUEN, JAMES. 17th March 1890. 

Apprentice to Alexander Paterson Purves. — Eldest son of James Methuen, 
Merchant, Leith. Bam 22d May 1862. 

MILLER, ALEXANDER 6th December 1827. 

Apprentice to Donald Home. — Son of James Miller, Merchant in Leith. Born 
1605. Died 26th July 1864. Mar. (1) 11th April 1828, Margaret, daughter of 
James Cornwall, Commissioner of Excise; and (2) 10th January 1850, Alex- 
andrina Thompson. 

MILLER, ANDREW. 5th July 1814. 

Apprentice to (1) Richard Lake; (2) John Campbell. — Son of James Miller, 
Glover in Edinburgh. Died 27th January 1831. Mar. Grace Hogg. Depute- 
Clerk of the Bills, 1801-31. 

MILLER, ARCHIBALD. 

Signs the Acts 1594. 



LIST or MEMBEKS 145 

MILLER, ARCHIBALD, of Glenavon. 9fch March 1791. 

Apprentice to Laurence Hill. — Sou of John Miller, Advocate, Professor of Law 
in the University of Glasgow. Died 21st February 1823. 

MILLER, CHARLES HAGART. 24th November 1831. 

Apprentice to (1) David Ramsay; and (2) John Donaldson. — Youngest son of 
James Miller of Milton. Bmi 16th September 1806. Died 4th January 1846, 
unmarried. 

MILLER, CUTHBERT. 

Died 31st October 1631. Mar. 7th February 1622, Margaret Loyes. 

MILLER, GEORGE ANDERSON. 18th October 1876. 

Apprentice to J. M. Lindsay, Alexander Howe, and William Macgillivray. — Son of 
James Dick Miller, Solicitor in Perth. Bom 20th September 1853. Mm: 21st 
June 1888, Margaret Barclay, elder daughter of Isaac Wallace, M.D., Perth. 

MILLER, HUGH. 15th July 1889. 

Apprentice to Sir J. Gillespie and Thomas Paterson. — Son of John Miller, 
Glenluce. Bm-n 23d June 1867. 

MILLER, JOHN ALEXANDER STEVENSON. 16th July 1888. 

Apprentice to George Dunlop. — Son of John Miller, Edinburgh. Born 20th 
October 1854. Mm. 10th September 1878, Dora, second daughter of Thomas 
Shillinglaw, Chief Clerk, Crown Office, Edinburgh. 

MILLER, JOHN CHARLES STRETTELL. 18th January 1886. 

Apprentice to Hugh Auld and James Macdonald. — Son of Captain John Miller of 
the P. and 0. Service. Born 22d February 1858. Mar. 5th June 1890, Anna 
Eliza, elder daughter of William Dent Robinson of Temple Sowerby, Westmoreland. 

MILLER, JOHN. 18th July 1634. 

Apprentice to Robert Kirkwod. — Died 1645. 

MILLER, JOHN, of Stewartfield. 4th March 1816. 

Apprentice to Hugh Warrender. — Third son of Sir William Miller of Glenlee, 
Bart. Bm-n 28th December 1789. Died 24th September 1863. Mar. 15th March 
1828, Mary, eldest daughter of Nicolas Sutherland. 

MILLER, ROBERT SCHAW. 16th January 1888. 

Apprentice to Charles Morton and John Neilson. — Son of Robert Schaw Miller, 
sometime residing in Alloa, afterwards in Montreal, Canada. Bwn 3d March 
1863. Mar. 29th August 1889, Jane Caroline, only daughter of Alexander 
Grant, Hamilton. 

MILLER, WILLIAM, of Glenlee and Barskimming. 15th July 1719. 

Apprentice to Robert Wallace of Holmston.— Second son of Mathew Miller of 
Glenlee, Kirkcudbrightshire. Died 16th September 1753. Mar. Janet, eldest 
daughter of Thomas Hamilton. Father of Sir Thomas Miller, Lord President. 

. ^\ .: I J. 

T 



14« THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

MILLIE, JOHN. 27th February 1823. 

Apprentice to John Forman. — Youngest son of John Millie of Bridgend. Died 
1849, aged 54, unmarried. 

MILLIGAN, JOHN. 25th March 1869. 

Apprentice to Alexander Forsyth Adam.— Son of James Milligan, S.S.C, Assis- 
tant Clerk and Extractor of the Signet. Bm-n 13th October 1846. Mar. 8th 
September 1880, Mary, eldest surviving daughter of Alexander Waugh, Solicitor, 
Newton-Stewart. Assistant Clerk and Extractor, 1876-85. Substitute-Keeper of 
the Signet, 19th August 1885. 

MILN, ALEXANDER HAY, of Woodhill. 10th June 1841. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie. — Eldest son of James Miln of Woodhill. B(mi 
19th July 1817. Died 5th Febfuary 1877. Mar. 15th September 1859, Sarah 
Isabella, eldest daughter of James Mackintosh of Lamancha, Peeblesshire. 

MILN, CHARLES. 4th January 1699. 

Apprentice to William Dykes. — Died 4th May 1750. Mar. January 1736, Helen, 
daughter of Alexander Nisbet, Farmer, Oldhamstocks. 

MILN, ARCHIBALD, of Chapeltown. 21st June 1787. 

Apprentice to LachlanDuif. — Elder son of Alexander Milne of Chapeltown, Elgin- 
shire. Died 2d October 1812. 

MILNES, KEITH. 28th January 1799. 

Apprentice to George Robinson. — Eldest son of the Rev. James Milnes, Minister 
of Sandwich, Kent. Died 21st Augiist 1857. 

MILROY, ANDREW. 21st December 1832. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Eldest son of Andrew Milroy, Jeweller in Edin- 
burgh. Bwn 6th May 1803. Died 25th July 1867. Mar. 1st November 1842, 
Susannah, second daughter of Joseph Nixon, Edinburgh. Manager of the Bank 
of British North America at St. John's, Newfoundland. 

MIRTLE, JOHN, of Gracemount. 25th June 1829. 

Apprentice to Charles and Andrew Tawse. — Eldest son of William Mirtle at Boon, 
Berwickshire. Bom 1803. Died 9th February 1835, unmarried. 

MITCHELL, ALEXANDER, of Craigend. 3d March 1712. 

Apprentice to Charles Bell. — Son of John Mitchell of Craigend, Stirlingshire. 
Barn about 1678. Died December 1738. Mar. 24th April 1713, Alison, daughter 
of Alexander Livingstone of Parkhall, Stirlingshire. 

MITCHELL, ALEXANDER. 16th July 1858. 

Apprentice to Graham Binny. — Son of Alexander Mitchell of the Exchequer, 
Edinburgh. Born August 1833. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 147 

MITCHELL, DAVID. 11th December 1810. 

Apprentice to John Graeme. — Son of Thomas Mitchell, Tailor ou the estate of 
Airlie. Diefi 1st August 1815. 

MITCHELL, JAMES LAIDLAW. 7th July 1820. 

Apprentice to James Laidlaw. — Son of John Mitchell, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Died 18th October 1852, aged 62, unmarried. 

MITCHELL, JOSEPH. 26th May 1825. 

Apprentice to William Eraser. — Son of Joseph Mitchell, Farmer at Whitestanes, 
Dumfriesshire. Died 22d April 1858, aged 56, unmarried. 

MITCHELL, WILLIAM. 28th October 1889. 

Apprentice to Charles Baxter. — Son of William Mitchell, S.S.C. Born 16th 
July 1863. 

MITCHELSON, SAMUEL. 12th March 1736. 

Apprentice to Alexander Stevenson of Montgreenan. — Third son of John 
Mitchelson of Middleton, Mid-Lothian, Advocate. Died 21st January 1788. 
Mar. October 1753, Jean, daughter of John Oliver of Dinleybyre, Roxburgh- 
shire. Fiscal, 1754-55; Treasurer, 1755-88. 

MITCHELSON, SAMUEL, of Clermiston. 16th December 1760. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Son of James Mitchelson, Jeweller in Edin- 
burgh. Died 8th December 1793. Mar. March 1763, Katherine, daughter of 
Alexander Birnie of Broomhall, Lanarkshire. Princii)al Clerk of Session, 16th 
June 1789, till death. 

MOIR, JOHN, OF HiLLFOOT. 20th June 1769. 

Apprentice to David Campbell. — Only son of James Moir, Writer in Stirling. 
Died November 1802. Mar. Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Daniel Macqueen, 
Minister of St. Giles', Edinburgh. 

MOIR, JOHN, OF HiLLFOOT. 17th March 1797. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Moir, W.S. — Born 1769. Died through bursting 
a blood-vessel, 22d December 1804. Mar. Mary Bell Gray. 

MOIR, ROBERT. 17th May 1799. 

Apprentice to David Balfour. — Fourth son of John Moir, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Born 1769. Died 17th August 1805. 

MOLLE OR MOW, WILLIAM, of Mains. 7th March 1788. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cockbum. — Second son of John Mow of Mains, Berwick- 
shire. Born 1765. Died 20th March 1840. Mar. Agnes Adam, niece of William 
Preston of Gorten. Assumed name of Molle, 1789. , , . 



il8 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

MONCREIFF, HENRY. 8th June 1804. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Third son of Rev. Sir Henry MoncreifF Well- 
wood, Bart., of TuUibole, Kinross-shire. Died 16th April 1817. Mar. 31st July 
1809, Charlotte, daughter of Hugh James Paterson Eollo of Bannockbum. 

MONCREIFF, Hon. JAMES WILLIAM. 30th March 1871. 

Apprentice to John M. Lindsay and Alexander Howe. — Third son of the Right 
Hon. James, Baron Moncreiff of Tullibole, Lord Justice-Clerk. Born 16th Sep- 
tember 1845. Mar. 19th March 1872, Mary Lillias, eldest daughter of George 
Mitchell Innes of Bangour, Linlithgowshire. Substitute-Keeper of the Signet, 
1876-1885. 

MONCREIFF, JOHN, OF MoENEPE A. 11th December 1690. 

Apprentice to John Bayne of Pitcarlie. — Died July 1 697. Mar. Jean Leslie. 

MONCRIEFF, ALEXANDER. 11th July 1837. 

Apprentice to John Ker and Henry G. Dickson. — Eldest son of Robert Hope 
Moncrieff, Writer in Perth. Born 15th June 1815. Died 15th March 1886. 
Mar. 15th November 1843, Euphemia Dick, daughter of General Cunningham of 
Newton, Perthshire. 

MONCRIEFF, DAVID SCOTT. 16th December 1854. 

Apprentice to John Gibson, Junr. — Fourth son of Robert Scott Moncrieff of Fosso- 
way, Perthshire. Born 13th June 1829. Mar. (1) 8th August 1860, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Robert Sym Wilson, W.S., a brother of Professor John Wilson ; and 
(2) 22d October 1872, Margaret Fisher, daughter of George William Campbell, 
M.D., of Peaton, Dumbartonshire, Professor of Surgery, Makgill College, Montreal. 

MONCRIEFF, ROBERT HOPE. 14th March 1872. 

Apprentice to Thomas Graham Murray. — Son of Alexander Moncrieff, W.S. 
Barn 23d November 1849. Mar. 12th October 1886, Margaret, daughter of Rev. 
John Anderson, D.D., Minister of KinnouU. 

MONCRIEFF, ROBERT SCOTT. 15th July 1886. ' 

Apprentice to D. S. Moncrieff and John A. Trail. — Son of David Scott Moncrieff, 
W.S. B<m 11th April 1862. 

MONILAWS, ALEXANDER GEORGE. 14th November 1851. '• 

Apprentice to Alexander and Christopher Douglas. — Eldest son of the Rev. James 
Monilaws, Minister of Annan. Bom Ist April 1828. Died 15th February 1858, 
unmarried. . ^ 

MONRO, DAVID, OF Allan. 18th July 1731. 

Apprentice to John Steuart. — Son of David Monro of Allan, Ross-shire. Died 
6th December 1767, unmarried. , > 



LIST OF MEMBEES 149 

MONRO, HECTOR. 26th May 1864. 

Apprentice to George Greig. — Son of James Monro, Writer in Kinross. Born 
21st March 1839. Mar. June 1873, Isabella Simpson, widow of Robert Baird of 
Limerigg. 

MONRO, HUGH. 20th NOTember 1671. 

Apprentice to James Peter. — Died before 1692. 

MONRO, JOHN. 29th December 1683. 

Apprentice to (1) James Carnegie; and (2) Alexander Ord. — Mar. (1) 18th 
April 1672, Margaret Clunas; and (2) Susan Leirmont. 

MONTGOMERIE, JOHN, of Wrae. 23d December 1687. 

Apprentice to John Muir. — Fifth son of George Montgomerie of Broomlands. 
Died nth March 1725, aged 62. Mar. (1) 2d February 1689, Penelope Barclay ; 
and (2) September 1696, Janet, daughter of Thomas Gray, Merchant, Edinburgh. 
M.P. Linlithgowshire, 1704-7. 

MONTGOMERY, WILLIAM. 10th March 1806. 

Apprentice to Alexander Blair. — Second son of William Montgomery, Wigmaker 
in Edinburgh. Died 22d September 1809. 

MONTGOMERY, WILLIAM. 19th February 1852. 

Apprentice to Walter Jollie. — Third son of Robert Montgomery, Barrister-at-Law, 
residing in Edinburgh. Born 20th March 1822. Died 2d March 1888. Mar. 
21st August 1860, Elizabeth Maxwell, daughter of Colin Macechran of Oatfield, 
Argyllshire. Clerk to the Admission of Notaries, 1869-88. 

MONYPENNY, ALEXANDER. 18th May 1801. 

Apprentice to Colin Mackenzie. — Fourth son of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander 
Monypenny of Pitmilly, Fifeshire. Bm-n 23d March 1778. Died 15th June 
1844. Depute-Clerk to Admission of Notaries, 1814-32. 

MOODIE, STUART. 28th June 1787. 

Apprentice to William Dick. — Son of John Moodie, Merchant in London. Di£d 
7th April 1827. Admitted Advocate 26th January 1793. 

MORE, GEORGE. 

See Gordon, George More. 

MORESONE, HENRY. 16th August 1671. 

Apprentice to James Allan. — Eldest son of John Moresone, Merchant Burgess, 
Edinburgh. Died 1674. Mar. Agnes Wilkie. 

MORISON, JOHN, of Hetland. 14th June 1791. 

Apprentice to John Taylor. — Son of Andrew Morison, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Bom 1769. Dixd 5th May 1837. Mar. 20th August 1796, Jane, daughter 
of Robert Farquhar of Newhall. 



160 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

MORRISON, NAESMYTH. 16th June 1818. 

Apprentice to David Wemyss. — Son of David Morrison, Major in the Service of 
the Hon. East India Company. Died at Hyderabad 10th December 1846, aged 
53, unmarried. Afterwards Captain H.E.I.C.S. 

MORTHLAND, MATTHEW, of Rindmuir. 30th June 1741. 

Apprentice to William Miller. — Son of Charles Morthland, Professor of Oriental 
Languages in the University of Glasgow. Died 15th October 1787, aged 74. 

MORTON, CHARLES. 8th July 1828. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Eldest son of Samuel Morton, Agricultural Imple- 
ment Maker, Edinburgh. Born 21st January 1806. Mar. 7th August 1834, 
Isabella, daughter of James Harvey, Grandholm, Aberdeen. Crown Agent, June 
and July 1866, 1868-74, 1880-83. 

MORTON, WILLIAM. 18th October 1886. 

Apprentice to Henry Cairns. — Son of Alexander Morton, Banker, Edinburgh. 

Bwn 14th September 1851. Mar. 2d July 1889, Jessie, daughter of Thomas 

Struthers, Edinburgh. 
MOSMAN, HUGH. 15th July 1885. 

Apprentice to F. Pitman, A. B. Macallan, J. R. Anderson, and W. H. Murray. 

— Son of Hugh Mosman of Auchtyfardle, Lanarkshire. Bom 27th October 1860. 

MOBSMAN, RICHARD. 

Mentioned 1st August 1633. 

MOUNSEY, JOHN LITTLE. 8th October 1883. 

Apprentice to Thomas Dawson Brodie. — Son of Archibald Campbell Mounsey, 
Rector of the Grammar School, Jedburgh. Bom 30th October 1852. Mar. 21st 
June 1881, Margaret, eldest daughter of John Jackson, of Solway Bank, Annan. 

MOWAT, JAMES, of Fawside. 

Mar. 29th October 1611, Margaret RoUock. 

MOWBRAY, JOHN, of Harwood. 30th November 1792. 

Apprentice to William Campbell of Crawfordton. — Second son of Robert Mow- 
bray, Merchant in Edinburgh. Born 1768. Died 19th September 1838. Mar. 

(1) 7th April 1801, Elizabeth, daughter of John Scougall, Merchant in Leith; and 

(2) 26th June 1807, Patricia Hodge of Awalls. 

MOWBRAY, JOHN THOMSON, LL.D. 8th March 1832. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Son of Robert Mowbray, Merchant in Leith. 
Born 12th May 1808. Treasurer, 1882. Author of An Analysis of the Convey- 
ancing (Scotland) Act, 1874, and other legal works. 

MOYSIE, DAVID. 

Suspended, until he shall obtain a proper admission, 22d November 1609. 
Probably Author of Memoirs published by Bannatyne Club. •• • ■ 



LIST OF MEMBERS I61i 

MUDIE, JOHN. 

Mentioned 1630. Died 1648. Mar. Marion Riddell. 

MUIE, ANDREW GRAY. 12th July 1887. 

Apprentice to Thomas Jarron Gordon. — Son of George Watson Muir, Kirkhouse, 
Traquair. Born 27th January 1865. 

MUIR, GEORGE, of Cassencarrie. 7th January 1756. 

Apprentice to John Davidson of Stewartfield. — Son of William Muir of Cassen- 
carrie, Kirkcudbrightshire. Died 3d September 1783. Mar. 20th April 1762, 
Margaret, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie of Delvine, Perthshire. Principal 
Clerk of Justiciary. 

MUIR, JOHN. 

See Chalmeb, John Muib. 

MUIRHEAD, CHARLES HERRIES, of Logan. 23d June 1807. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young of Harbum. — Son of the Rev. James Muirhead, 
D.D., Minister of Urr. Died 6th February 1823. 

MUIRHEAD, DAVID. 

Signs Minute, 1606. Died January 1614. 

MUNDELL, ALEXANDER. 8th July 1790. 

Apprentice to Laurence Hill. — Son of Robert Mundell, Painter in Edinburgh. 
Born 1769. Died 19th March 1837. Mar. Susanna, second daughter of Samuel 
Champneys of Bradmire, Hertfordshire. 

MURDOCH, ARCHIBALD BURN. 18th July 1861. 

Apprentice to Thomas Graham Murray. — Son of John Burn Murdoch of Gartin- ' 
caber, Perthshire. Born 10th December 1836. Mar. 4th November 1874, 
Mary Harriet Burn, only daughter of William Bum Callander of Prestonhall, 
Mid-Lothian. 

MURDOCH, JAMES FERGUSSON. 12th November 1835. 

Apprentice to John Mackenzie Lindsay. — Eldest son of Alexander Murdoch, 
Procurator-Fiscal of Ayrshire. Born 5th November 1812. Died 6th October 
1874. Mar. 24th August 1841, Ann Cuninghame, daughter of Rev. Robert 
Douglas, Minister of Kilbarchan. Procurator-Fiscal of Ayrshire, 30th January 
1843. 

MURE, JOHN, OF Nether Scheills. 11th April 1661. 

Apprentice to Alexander Douglas. — Died 2d February 1686. Mar. Catherine 
Mowbray. 

MURRAY, ANDREW. 13th February 1845. 

Apprentice to George Dalziel. — Son of Patrick Murray, Writer in Glasgow. 
Bom nth October 1823. Died 23d August 1869. Mar. 8th June 1849, Mina 
.!aa.Jw Maria, third daughter of James Balfour, Edinburgh. Crown Agent, 1860-66, 



152 THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

MUEEAY, ANDKEW, op Conland. 15th June 1837. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, William Murray of Conland, W.S.—Bom 19th 
Febraary 1812. Died 11th January 1878. Mar. 4th September 1858, Jane 
Rogers. '*" 

MUEEAY, ANTHONY, of Dollerie. 26th May 1825. 

Apprentice to (1) Hay Donaldson ; and (2) John Gibson, Jun. — Eldest son of 
Anthony Murray, of Dollerie, Perthshire. Born 1802. Died 16th September 
1884. Mar. 19th October 1829, Georgina, daughter of Sir Patrick Murray of 
Ochtertyre, Bart. 

MUEEAY, DAVID. 3d July 1792. 

Apprentice to Robert Trotter. — Son of David Murray, D.C.S., Writer in 
Edinburgh. Died 4th March 1845. 

MUEEAY, GEOEGE JOHN. 18th December 1856. 

Apprentice to Andrew Murray, Jun. — Son of William Murray, Banker in Tain. 
Born 13th September 1832. Died 1869, unmarried. 

MUEEAY, HENEY MONTAGUE SCOTT. 22d June 1826. 

Apprentice to William Young Herries. — Third son of John Murray of Tunder- 
garth, Dumfriesshire. Died 1844, aged 41, unmarried. 

MUEEAY, JAMES. 1st February 1630. 

Apprentice to Eobert Alexander. — Died 2d March 1632. 

MUEEAY, JAMES CHAELES. 25th May 1848. 

Apprentice to Donald Home. — Son of David Murray, Comptroller of Excise for 
Scotland, afterwards Accountant in Edinburgh. Born 17th January 1816. Died 
22d January 1878, unmarried. 

MUEEAY, JAMES THOMAS. 1st July 1822. 

Apprentice to David Murray. — Son of James Murray, Solicitor-at-Law. Born 
1800. Died 22d January 1857. Mar. 21st July 1829, Mary, daughter of 
William Goddard, Merchant, Leith. 

MUEEAY, JOHN. 2l8t May 1806. 

Apprentice to John Dundas. — Eldest son of William Murray, Agent for the 
Church. Barn 1782. Died 13th September 1836. Mar. 24th August 1818, 
Ann Jane, youngest daughter of James Borland, Glasgow. Agent for the Church. 

MUEEAY, JOHN, of Wooplaw. 23d June 1853. 

Apprentice to John Scott and Sir John Gillespie. — Eldest son of Andrew Murray, 
Junior, Advocate. Born 28th July 1829. Mar. 25th February 1867, Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Eobertson. 

MUEEAY, PATEICK. 23d January 1703. 

Died 1st May 1728. Mar. 2d June 1709, Jean, daughter of Alexander Simson, 
Litster, Edinburgh, widow of John Prophet, Wine Merchant at Holyroodhouse. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 159 

MURRAY, PATRICK. 15th October 1873. 

Apprentice to (1) Andrew Murray, Jun. ; and (2) Donald Beith. — Son of Andrew 
Murray, Jun., W.S. Bwn 29th May 1850. Mar. 5th July 1877, Agnes Evelyn, 
youngest daughter of Rev. John Congreve, Rector of Tooting Graveney, Surrey. 

MURRAY, ROBERT. 21st October 1673. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Eldest son of John Murray, Merchant 
Burgess of Edinburgh, i'/^ii Deceinber 1676. Jf an Marion Pollock. 

MURRAY, THOMAS GRAHAM, of Stenton, LL.D. 22d November 1838. 

Apprentice to Adam Gib Ellis and Robert Ellis. — Son of Andrew Murray of 
Murrayshall, Perthshire, Advocate. Born 24th November 1816. 3Iar. 19th 
December 1848, Caroline, daughter of John Tod of Kirkhill. Crown Agent, 
1866-G8. 

MURRAY, THOMAS MIDDLETON. 20th October 1884. 

Apprentice to D. Beith, A. Forrester, P. Murray, and R. D. Beith. — Second son 
of Kenneth Murray of Geanies, Ross-shire. Bm-ii 27th March 1860. Mar. 8th 
June 1887, Caroline, daughter of Walter Ross Macdonald, Barrister, Hamilton, 
Ontario, Canada. 

MURRAY, WILLIAM. 12th January 1706. 

Apprentice to Alexander Glass. — Died 1758. 

MURRAY, WILLIAM, of Coniand. 23d February 1816. 

Apprentice to Thomas Megget. — Son of Andrew Murray of Coniand, Fifeshire. 
Born 1793. Died 25th October 1848. Mar. 

MURRAY, WILLIAM CLEGHORN. 17th November 1864. 

Apprentice to John Anthony Macrae. — Only son of John Murray, S.S.C. Born 
4th October 1837. 

MURRAY, WILLIAM HUGH. 14th November 1872. 

Apprentice to Frederick Pitman. — Son of William Murray, S.S.C. Bom 5th 
March 1850. 

MYLNE, JAMES. 20th February 1834. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson. — Son of George Mylne, Manager of Edinburgh 
Life Assurance Company. Born 25th March 1807. Died 3d December 1879. 
Mar. 16th July 1839, Emelia Elizabeth, second daughter of William Roberts, 
Banker, Glasgow. 

MYLNE, JAMES. 29th June 1871. 

Apprentice to John M. Lindsay and Alexander Howe. — Third son of James 
Mylne, W.S. Born, 8th April 1846. Mar. 5th November 1877, Jane Ramsay, 
second daughter of William Ramsay Kermack, W.S. 



164 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

MYLNE, JOHN MILLAR. 11th December 1828. 

Apprentice to George Dunlop. — Son of James Mylne, Professor of Moral Philo- 
sophy in the University of Glasgow. Died 30th January 1880. Mar. 28th 
January 1843, Margaret, daughter of Dr. John Thomson. 

NAIRNE, CHARLES. 29th May 1819. •/. 

Apprentice to James Naime, his brother. — Youngest son of the Rev. James 
Nairne of Claremont, D.D., Minister of Pittenweem. Born 23d December 1794. 
Died 20th January 1837. Mar. 20th September 1820, Amelia Forbes, daughter 
of the Rev. Andrew Bell of Kilduncan, Minister of Crail. 

NAIRNE, JAMES, of Clakemont. 8th June 1804. 

Apprentice to Edward Bruce. — Second son of the Rev. James Nairne of Claremont, 
D.D., Minister of Pittenweem. Born 29th August 1782. Died 20th October 1847. 
Mar. 9th April 1807, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Dr. John Hill of Brownhills, 
Fifeshire, Professor of Humanity in the University of Edinburgh. Fiscal, 1824-44. 

NAIRNE, JAMES. 16th November 1843. 

Apprentice to James Nairne. — Eldest son of Charles Nairne, W.S. Born 8th 
August 1821. Died 26th March 1866, unmarried. Secretary of North British 
Railway, 1852-66. 

NAPIER, ALEXANDER JOHN. 8th July 1847. 

Apprentice to (1) Richard Campbell ; and (2) John Mackenzie Lindsay. — 
Youngest son of George Napier of Dales, Linlithgowshire, S.S.C. Born 7th 
November 1824. Mar. 18th October 1867, Elizabeth Isabella, daughter of David 
Stevenson, C.E., Edinburgh. 

NAPIER, FRANCIS. 10th July 1794. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Eldest son of the Hon. Mark Napier, Colonel, 
32nd Foot. Bcn-n 20th August 1770. Died 11th June 1818. Mar. 30th March 
1796, Mary Elizabeth Jane Douglas, eldest daughter of Colonel Archibald 
Hamilton of Innerwick, Haddingtonshire. Collector of Widows' Fund, 1805-18. 

NAPIER, MACVEY. 6th December 1799. 

Apprentice to John Campbell of Annfield. — Eldest son of John Macvey of Braes, 
Dumbartonshire. Born 12th April 1776. Died 11th February 1847. Librarian 
to the Society, 9th December 1805 to 21st June 1837. Professor of Convey- 
ancing, 1816-47. Principal Clerk of Session, 12th May 1837 till death. Editor 
of Edinburgh Beview, 1829, and of the Encyclopcedia Britannica (seventh edition). 
Author of Lm'd Bacon and Sir Walter Baleigh, 1853, and other works. 

NAPIER, WILLIAM. 4th March 1824. 

Apprentice to (1) Francis Napier; and (2) David Cleghorn. — Eldest son of 
George Napior of Dales, Linlithgowshire, S.S.C. B(ym 1801. Died 17th June 
1849. Mar. 28th April 1828, Mary, eldest daughter of Alexander Low, Aberdeen. 



•rnT LIST OF MEMBEES 155 

NASMYTH, MICHAEL. 19th December 1767. 

Apprentice to James Hay of Cocklaw. — Only son of Bailie Michael Nasmyth, 
Schoolmaster in Lochwinnoch, Renfrewshire. Died November 1777. 

NEAVES, WILLIAM. 7th March 1833. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson. — Son of Charles Neaves, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Born 15th February 1810. Died at Demerara 18th December 1841, unmarried. 

NEILL, ROBERT. 4th December 1655. 

Mar. 25th January 1644, Isobel Measlet. Died before 1667. 

NEILSON, JOHN. 18th November 1861. 

Apprentice to George Greig. — Eldest son of Alexander Neilson, Writer in Port- 
Glasgow. Born 19th November 1836. Mar. 1st August 1867, Elizabeth 
Maxton, youngest daughter of John Barr Gumming of Lloyd's, Greenock 

NEILSON, STUART. 21st November 1850. 

Apprentice to John Irving. — Son of James Neilson of Millbank. Born 10th 
December 1809. Died 10th May 1886, unmarried. 

NEILSON, WILLIAM. 12th December 1627. 

Servitor to Thomas Cutts. Admitted in his place. Mar. Marion Cunyngham. 

NEISCHE, WALTER, of Westeu Dubheads, 

Son of Walter Neische of Wester Dubheads; retoured heir to his father 13th 
December 1637. 

NEWALL, MARTIN. 

Died about 1629. 

NEWBIGGING, JOHN STEUART. 26th June 1832. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson. — Son of Sir William Newbiggiug, Surgeon in 
Edinburgh. Born 20th January 1809. Died 25th October 1849. Mar. 30th June 
1840, Elizabeth, daughter of James Flemyng, Killiechassie, Perthshire. Sheriff- 
Clerk of Roxburghshire, 1841-49. 

NEWLANDIS, ROBERT. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. 

NEWTON, JAMES, of Castlandhill. 23d November 1819. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait.— Eldest son of James Newton, Baker in Edinburgh. 
Died 18th June 1861, aged 65, unmarried. 

NEWTON, WILLIAM WARING HAY, of Newton. 24th May 1821. 

Apprentice to William Mackenzie. — Second son of William Hay Newton of 
Newton, Mid-Lothiaa Born 20th September 1795. Died 15th May 1860. Mar. 
(1) 19th June 1821, Jane Frances, only child of Thomas Gregson of Blackburn ; 
and (2) 15th February 1844, Jane, daughter of James Clerk Rattray of Craighall, 
Perthshire, Advocate. ^^„j ,,.....„. „i,.., ;,.<.,,. .^^ •: ,^;^:i 



166 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

NIBLIE, ARCHIBALD. 5th August 1777. 

Apprentice to Walter Ross. — Son of Archibald Niblie, Tenant in Elphinstone. 
Dkd 21st March 1779. Mar. October 1776, Margaret, only daughter of John 
Rannie of Myles. 

NICOLL, HENRY. 3d January 1683. 

Apprentice to James Chcyne. — Died December 1704. Mar. Christian Leishman. 

NICOLL, JOHN. 19th November 1609. 

Apprentice to David Anderson. — Died February 1668. Mai: 21st October 1606, 
Bessie Thomson. Clerk to Society, 1647-54. His Diary of Ihihlic Transactions 
(1650-67) published by Bannatyne Club. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. 

NICOLL, JOHN. 13th April 1650. 

Son of John NicoU, AV.S. Died before 1685. 

NICOLSON, ROBERT. 

Died about 1628. 

NIMMO, ANDREW. 

Signs the Acts, 26th December 1627. Died 27th September 1647. 

NIMMO, JOHN. 8th March 1802. 

Apprentice to H. M'D. Buchanan. — Eldest son of Peter Nimmo, Brewer in 
Edinburgh. Died 1812. Mar. Margaret Nimmo. 

NISBET, ARCHIBALD, of Carfin. 16th July 1661. 

Apprentice to Robert Hamilton. — Son of James Nisbet of Ladytoun. Died July 
1695. Mar. (1) Euphan Scroggie ; and (2) Jean Biiillie. 

NISBET, CHRISTOPHER CHARLES, of Stobshiel. 21st October 1874. 

Apprentice to John Wardrobe Tawse, liis uncle. — Son of the Rev. Robert Nisbet, 
D.D., Minister of West St. Giles, Edinburgh. Bom 31st August 1851. 

NISBET, JOHN, of Nisbetfield. 26th July 1693. 

Apprentice to Thomas Gordon. — Died 1716. Mar. Agnes Riddell, sister of 
William Riddell, portioner of Bewlie, Roxburghshire. 

NIVEN, ROBERT WILLIAM. 1st July 1819. 

Apprentice to David Ramsay. — Eldest son of the Rev. Alexander Niven, Minister 
of Dunkeld. Bom 1793. Died 1st December 1832. Mar. 11th March 1817, 
only daughter of Robert Brown, Westmoreland, Jamaica. 

NORIE, HENRY HAY. 9th February 1860. 

Apprentice to Walter JoUie. — Son of Evelyn Thomas Francis None, Commander, 
RN., residing in Elgin. Bffrn 8th June 1837. Mar. 8th September 1864, 
Christina, second daughter of James Moir, Banker, Alloa. Manager of Union 
Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1881. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 157 

OGILL, GEORGE. 6tli March 1650. 

OGILVY, DAVID. 26th June 1832. 

Apprentice to Robert M'Millan. — Son of David Ogilvy, Painter in Edinburgh. 
Brni 14th January 1805. Died I7th July 1871. Mar. 9th September 1841, 
Elizabeth Aitchison, daughter of James Williamson of Trinity. Latterly a 
Solicitor in Melbourne. 

OGILVIE, ROBERT GAVIN. 20th November 1818. 

Apprentice to Hugh Warrender. — Second sou of Adam Ogilvie of Hartwoodmyres, 
Advocate. Bui-n 1793. Died 14th July 1879, unmarried. 

OGILVIE, WILLIAM ALEXANDER. 19th July 1879. 

Apprentice to Robert Burt Ranken. — Son of William Ogilvie, M.A., residing at 
Dyke, near Forres. Burn 24th January 1851. Died 17th March 1884, unmarried. 

OLIPHANT, .aiNEAS, of Balgonie. 4th April 1707. 

Apprentice to James Menzies. — Died 23d February 1716. 

OLIPHANT, CHARLES. 4th December 1794. 

Apprentice to William Balderston. — Son of Charles Oliphant, Merchant in Edin- 
burgh. Bmi 1771. Died 28th October 1852. Mar. 2d July 1830, Eleanor, 
daughter of Sir James Campbell of Aberuchill, Bart., and widow of Dr. John 
Barclay. 

OLIPHANT, HARRY. 

Mar. 11th August 1614, Sara Colvin. 

OLIPHANT, LAURENCE. 23d February 1680. 

Apprentice to William Lockhart. — Son of Laurence Oliphant of Orchardmilnc. 
Diid September 1690. Mar. Margaret Hepburn. Clerk to the Admission of 
Notaries. 

OLIPHANT, ROBERT, of Rossie. 14th November 1833. 

Apprentice to ^neas Macbean. — Eldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel James Stewart 
Oliphant of Rossie, Perthshire. Born 23d February 1810. Died 14th November 
1872. Mar. 20th March 1836, Susan Mary Elizabeth, only child of Thomas Tod, 
Judge of the Commissary Court. 

ORD, ALEXANDER. 4th June 1674. 

Apprentice to Richard Guthrie.~Z>terf before 1695. Mar. 28th August 1679, 
Agnes Gordon. 

ORME, ALEXANDER, of Mugdrum. 3d February 1755. 

Apprentice to Archibald Stuart, — Eldest son of Alexander Orme of Balvaird, 
Writer in Edinburgh. Died 8th January 1789. Mar. Helen Sinclair. Principal 
Clerk of Session, 14th November 1777 till death. 



158 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

ORR, ALEXANDER, of Watkrside. 3d Februaiy 1755. 

Apprentice to Robert Dalrymple. — Son of Mr. Alexander Orr, Minister of Hod- 
dam. Died 27th November 1774. Mar. July 1761, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Ludovick Cant of Thurston, East-Lothian. 

ORR, CHARLES JAMES FOX, of Thornly Park. Uth June 1814. 

Apprentice to Robert Hill. — Son of James Orr of Thornly Park, Renfrewshire. 
Died 8th February 1849. Mar. 15th October 1816, Elizabeth, youngest daughter 
of Robert Orr, Paisley. 

ORR, PATRICK. 12th August 1799. 

Apprentice to William Macfarlane. — Second son of Patrick Orr of Bridgeton, 
Kincardineshire. Died 19th July 1848. Mar. 25th December 1814, Margaret 
Caroline, second daughter of Major Martin Lindsay, younger of Kilconquhar, 
Fifeshire. Sheriff-Clerk of Forfarshire, 1812-48. 

OSBURN, HARRY. 

Commissioner, 1G31. Died 22d May 1655. Mar. (2) Alison Flemyng. 

OSWALD, ROGER. 7th June 1705. 

Apprentice to Thomas Aikman. — Died 9th June 1629, aged 50. Mar. Helen 
Sydserff. 

OSWALD, WILLIAM. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

PAGAN, ROBERT OSBORNE. 16th July 1888. 

Apprentice to James H. Jameson. — Only son of George Hair Pagan, Sheriff-Clerk 
of Fifeshire, Cupar. Born 17th October 1865. Mar. 9th October 1890, Emy, 
eldest daughter of Professor Hill, Glasgow University. 

PAIP, JOHN. 

Signs Minute of 16th December 1594. Mar. 4th October 1598, Marion Hassinden. 

PANTON, WILLIAM, of Blackhouse. 9th December 1672. 

Apprentice to James Cheyne. — Son of James Panton of Blackhouse. Died before 
1713. Mar. Helen Edgar. 

PARKER, JOHN JAMES. 25th November 1852. 

Apprentice to Richard and John Ord Mackenzie. — Fourth son of John Parker, 
Principal Extractor in the Court of Session. Bom 1st October 1829. Mar. 31 st 
July 1855, Hannah, only child of James Spittal, Edinburgh. 

PATERSON, ADAM, of Whitelek. 12th November 1829. 

Apprentice to John Tod. — Son of Adam Paterson, residing in Galashiels. Born 
1st February 1799. Died 14th June 1876. Mar. 18th November 1835, Elizabeth, 
fourth daughter of David Scott, Farmer at Northfield, Duddingstpn. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 159 

PATERSON, ARTHUR BOURNE. 10th January 18^7. 

Apprentice to J. 0. Mackenzie, Harry Cheyne, and John Kermack. — Son of 
Robert Paterson of Birthwood, Lanarkshire. Born 29th October 1860. 

PATERSON, HEW. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

PATERSON, Sir HUGH, of Bannockbubn, Bart. 10th April 1661. 

Apprentice to Richard Guthrie. — Son of Hugh Paterson of Bannockbum, Stirling- 
shire. Died 1696. Mar. 18th August 1654, Elizabeth Kerr. Keeper of the 
Signet, 28th September 1682. Created a Baronet, 29th March 1686. 

PATERSON, Sir HUGH, of Bannockburn, Bart. 29th September 1682. 

Apprentice to and son of Sir Hugh Paterson of Bannockburn, W.S. Died 
December 1701. Mar. Barbara, daughter of Sir William Ruthven of Dunglas. 

PATERSON, JAMES, of Whitelee. 12th November 1868. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie, J. B. Innes, and C. B. Logan. — Son of Adam 
Paterson of Whitelee, Roxburghshire, W.S. Bom 1st April 1845. Died 7th 
December 1888. Mar. (1) 17th April 1872, Mary Francis Hester, daughter of Sir 
Edmund Samuel Hayes of Drumboe Castle, Donegal, Bart. ; and (2) 16th Novem- 
ber 1882, Mary Georgina, youngest daughter of Thomas Hodgkinson of Elm 
Leigh, Havant, Captain, Royal Navy. 

PATERSON, JOSEPH. 23d May 1808. 

Apprentice to George Robinson.— Youngest son of George Paterson, Merchant in 
East Sheen, Surrey. Bom 1778. Di^ 16th February 1832, unmarried. 

PATERSON, ROBERT. 

See Wallace, Robert Paterson. 

PATERSON, THOMAS. 14th July 1859. 

Apprentice to Adam Paterson. — Son of John Paterson, Agent of the Royal Bank 
at Dalkeith. Born 11th July 1834. 

PATERSON, WALTER. 3d December 1632. 

Apprentice to Anthony Whyte. — Son of Alexander Paterson, Apothecar-Burgess 
of Edinburgh. Di^d February 1662. Mar. Anne Inglis. Readmitted 21st 
November 1661. 

PATERSON, WILLIAM. 8th March 1714. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham. — Died 1716. 

PATISON, JOHN. 10th July 1798. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young of Harbum. — Son of John Patison, Town Clerk, 
Leith. Born 1773. Di^ 9th May 1843. Mar. 6th February 1801, Ann Fergu- 
son, daughter of Thomaa Hill, Architect, Edinburgh. 



160 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

PATISON, JOHN. 21st December 1809. 

Apprentice to Robert Boswell. — Eldest son of William Patison, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Born 1784. Died 22d June 1832. Mar. 14th March 1815, Eliza- 
beth, eldest daughter of James Paterson, Merchant, Leith. 

PATISON, JOHN. 12th November 1835. ' 

Apprentice to Alexander Dallas. — Son of John Patison, W.S. B<yrn 19th October 
1807. Died 8th August 1871. Mar. 11th April 1856, Frances M., daughter of 
William Marshall, R.N., Dunbar. 

PATON, ROBERT. 17th January 1822. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Son of the Rev. John Paton, Minister of Lasswade. 

Born 2d January 1795. Died 25th January 1884. Mar. 26th September 1832, 

Isabella, only daughter of Thomas Phipps, London. Procurator-Fiscal for Selkirk 

Burgh. 
PATON, VICTOR ALBERT NOEL. 12th July 1887. 

Apprentice to James A. Jamieson, George Dalziel, James Craik, and John 

Wharton Tod. — Son of Sir Joseph Noel Paton, Kt., H.M. Limner for Scotland. 

Bm-n 29th December 1862. 

PATOUN, WILLIAM, of Panhole. 16th September 1681. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham. — Resigned his Commission 2d February 1711. 
Died January 1715. Mar. Ann Gay. 

PATRICK, WILLIAM, of Roughwood. 28th June 1793. 

Apprentice to David Steuart. — Third son of John Patrick of Freeborn, Ayrshire. 
Died 28th February 1861, aged 91, unmarried. 

PATTEN, HUGH, 30th May 1878. 

Apprentice to (1) John Patten ; and (2) John Cook. — Fourth son of John Patten, 
W.S. Bffi-n 7th July 1855. 

PATTEN, JOHN. 29th June 1827. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Fifth son of James Patten, Cashier of the Greenock 
Bank Company. Born 13th May 1805. Died 9th March 1877. Mar. 24th 
April 1848, Jane Maxwell Campbell, daughter of Dugald MacDougall of Galla- 
nach, Argyllshire. 

PATTEN, JOHN. 16th July 1873. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, John Patten, W.S. — Born 2d October 1850. 
Mar. 7th October 1880, Helen Isabel, daughter of James Johnston Grieve, M.P. 
for Greenock. 

PATTISON, JAMES. 29th November 1820. 

Apprentice to Peter Couper. — Son of the Rev. James Pattison, Thornhill. Bori-n 
1794. Died 24th June 1832. Mar. 16th June 1829, Isobella, youngest daughter 
of John Cockburn, Edinburgh. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 161 

PATTISON, WILLIAM RALPH. 18th March 1869. 

Apprentice to George Maclachlan. — Son of George Handasyde Pattison, Advocate. 
Bom 12th July 1837. Died 26th March 1872, unmarried. 

PATTON, JAMES MURRAY, of Glenalmond. 8th February 1816. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Cathcart; and (2) James Dundas. — Son of James 
Patton, Sheriif-Clerk of Perthshire. Bmn 1792. Died 25th December 1853. 
Sheriff-Clerk of Perthshire, 1817-53. 

PATTON, THOMAS, of Glenalmond. 6th March 1817. 

Apprentice to Alexander Young.— Son of James Patton, Sheriff-Clerk of Perth- 
shire. Died 28th August 1866, aged 77, unmarried. 

PAUL, GEORGE MORISON. 21st November 1867. 

Apprentice to John Dundas, William Wilson, and Alexander Montgomerie Bell. — 
Son of the Rev. William Paul, D.D., Minister of Banchory-Devenick. Bffrn 18th 
August 1839. Mar. 28th August 1872, Mary, third daughter of Alexander John 
Kinloch of Park, Aberdeenshire. 

PAUL, ROBERT. 10th July 1812. 

Apprentice to Harry Davidson. — Son of John Paul, Shoemaker and Trades Bailie 
in Glasgow. Bm-n 1774. Died 30th January 1866. Mar. 5th August 1811, 
Catherine, daughter of David Geddes, Deputy Auditor of Excise. 

PAUL, THOMSON. 1st July 1828. 

Apprentice to James Thomson. — Son of Andrew Paul, Brewer in Linlithgow. 
Born 1796. Died 12th November 1876, unmarried. 

PEARSON, ALEXANDER. 2d December 1794. 

Apprentice to James Ferrier. — Second son of Adam Pearson, Secretary of Excise 
for Scotland. Bwn 10th March 1770. Died 9th December 1853. Mar. 16th 
February 1826, Catherine, daughter of David Paterson, Banker, Edinburgh. 

PEARSON, ALEXANDER. 11th July 1837. 

Apprentice to David Cleghorn. — Youngest son of David Pearson, Principal Clerk 
in the Excise Office, Edinburgh. Bam 23d April 1811. Z>i«<f 20th April 1857. 
Mar. 6th February 1856, Alexandrina, daughter of John Mackenzie, Edinburgh. 

PEARSON, ANDREW ADAM, of Luck. 14th November 1851. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson and William Robertson. — Elder son of Alex- 
ander Pearson, W.S. Bm-n 30th May 1827. Died 19th July 1861. Mar. 19th 
April 1855, Octavia, daughter of Alexander Gillespie of Sunnyside, Lanarkshire. 

PEARSON, DALZIEL. 7th June 1872. 

Apprentice to John Brown Innes. — Youngest son of Charles Pearson, President of 
the Society of Chartered Accountants, Edinburgh. Bmn 21st January 1848. 



IW THE SOCIETY OF WRITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

PEARSON, DAVID ALEXANDER. 30th November 1850. 

Apprentice to, and younger son of, Alexander Pearson, W.S. — B<n-n 15th 
December 1828. Mar. 4th December 1860, Elizabeth Abercromby, only child of 
Alexander Gibbon of Johnston, Kincardineshire. 

PEAT, THOMAS. 7th July 1795. ' 

Apprentice to Robert Brown. — Son of John Peat, Writer in Edinburgh. Born 
1772. Died 26th July 1836. Mar. Hannah Broughton. 

PEDDIE, ALEXANDER. 

See Waddell, Alexander Peddik 

PEDDIE, JAMES. 30th November 1819. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Eldest son of the Rev. James Peddie, Minister of 
the Associate Burgher Congregation, Bristo Street, Edinburgh. Born 1798. Died 
5th September 1885. Mar. 23d August 1821, Margaret, daughter of the Rev. 
John Dick, D.D., Glasgow. 

PEDIE, JAMES. 6th July 1813. 

Apprentice to James Grant of Bumhall. — Only son of William Pedie of Mains of 
Dollar. Died 16th July 1844, aged 60, unmarried. 

PETER, JAMES, of Chapel. 7th March 1664. 

Apprentice to William Hunter, James Cheyne, and Walter Henderson. — Son of 
David Peter, Commissary of Peebles. Died February 1691. Mar. 11th March 
1670, Agnes, daughter of Mr. William Rigg, Minister of Inverarity. 

PETER, JOHN. 

Sign the Acts 7th December 1612. Mar. 19th October 1609, Janet Myles. 
Commissary of Peebles. 

PHILIPS, JOHN. 16th January 1800. 

Apprentice to John Macnab. — Son of John Philips, Merchant in Glasgow. Died 
11th November 1836. Mar. Euphemia Brown. 

PHILIPS, JOHN. 10th March 1842. 

Apprentice to John Kermack. — Son of John Philips, residing in Edinburgh. 
Bam 23d November 1801. Died 2d August 1873. Mar. 7th January 1834, 
Annie Gordon, youngest daughter of Robert Richard Maitland, Edinburgh. 

PITCAIRN, ALEXANDER. 14th August 1714. 

Son of David Pitcaim of Dreghom, Mid-Lothian. Resigned his Commission 
October 1745. Mar. Margaret Deans. 

PITCAIRN, ALEXANDER YOUNG. 5th December 1861. 

Apprentice to Robert Haldane. — Only surviving son of the Rev. Thomas Pitcairn, 
Free Church Minister at Cockpen. Bom 5th April 1837. Mar. 18th August 
1863, Helen, daughter of John Wyld, Banker, Glasgow. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 16S 

PITCAIRN, ARCHIBALD. 3d August 1723. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pitcairn. 

PITCAIRN, PATRICK, of Dreghorn. 10th November 1704. 

Eldest son of David Pitcairn of Dreghorn, Mid-Lothian. Died February 1734. 

PITCAIRN, ROBERT. 21st November 1815. 

Apprentice to William Patrick. — Second son of Robert Pitcairn, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Bom 1793. Z>te<f suddenly 11th July 1855. ilfar. 4th September 1839, 
Hester Hine, daughter of Henry Hunt, Merchant, London. Author of Ancient 
Ciiminal Trials in Scotland, 1829-33, and other works. 

PITCAIRN, WILLIAM FETTES. 15th November 1827. 

Apprentice to (1) George Veitch ; and (2) Matthew N. Macdonald Hume. — Son of 
Alexander Pitcairn, Merchant in Edinburgh. Born 14th October 1803. Mar. 
29th March 1831, Agnes Campbell, daughter of John Osburn Brown, W.S. 

PITMAN, ARCHIBALD ROBERT CRAUFURD. 19th April 1881. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Frederick Pitman, W.S. — Born 7th October 1858. 

PITMAN, FREDERICK. 4th June 1857. 

Apprentice to John Anderson, his uncle. — Eldest son of Major-General Robert 
Pitman of the Hon. East India Company's Service. Born Nth September 1832. 
Mar. 17th November 1857, Anna Sitwell, eldest daughter of John Tait, advocate. 
Sheriff of Clackmannan and Kinross. 

PITMAN, FREDERICK ISLAY. 29th October 1888. 

Apprentice to F. Pitman, J. R. Anderson, W. H. Murray, and A. C. R. Pitman. 
—Son of Frederick Pitman, W.S. Born 18th April 1863. Mar. 2d July 1890, 
Helen Isabel, younger daughter of James Auldjo Jamieson, W.S. 

PITMAN, JOHN SITWELL. 19th October 1885. 

Apprentice to F. Pitman, A. B. Macallan, J. R. Anderson, and W. H. Murray. 
—Second son of Frederick Pitman, W.S. Born 27th June 1860. Mar. 15th 
September 1888, Mabel, only daughter of Captain E. T. Parsons, RN. 

PLENDERLEITH, JOHN. 6th July 1691. 

Apprentice to John Frank. — Died May 1728. Mar. Margaret Douglas, relict of 
John Hunter, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

POLLEXFEN, JOHN RIDDOCH, of Cairston. 10th March 1836. 

Apprentice to William Stewart. — Son of Thomas Pollexfen of Cairston, Orkney. 
Bmn 22d October 1811. Died 18th November 1878, unmarried. 

POLLOK, JOHN, OF Logiegreen. 16th June 1807. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Fifth son of Allan Pollok, Merchant in Glasgow. 
Died at Vancieville, Virginia, U.S.A., 28th April 1817. "' ''^ 



164 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

PONTON, MUNGO. 8th December 1825. 

Apprentice to (1) James Balfour ; and (2) WDliam Scott and G. L. Finlay. — Only 
son of John Ponton, Farmer at Balgreen. Boi-n 23d November 1802. Died 3d 
August 1880. Mar. (1) 24th June 1830, Helen Scott, youngest daughter of 
Archibald Campbell, Edinburgh ; (2) 1843, Margaret, daughter of Alexander 
Ponton, Procurator-Fiscal, Edinburgh ; and (3) 1st August 1871, Jane, eldest 
surviving daughter of Dougald M'Lean, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

PORTEOUS, JOHN, of Spittlehaugh. 20th May 1800. 

Apprentice to James Walker. — Only son of Robert Porteous of Carmacoup, 
Lanarkshire. Died 9th January 1812. 

POTT, JAMES, OF PoTBURN. 20th November 1818. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie and William Inues. — Second son of Gideon Pott 
of Dod, Roxburghshire. Born 1792. Died 6th November 1852. Mar. 27th 
March 1839, Jane, daughter of Peter Brovrn of Rawflat, Roxburghshire. 

PRESTON, ALEXANDER. 26th December 1773. 

Apprentice to (1) George TurnbuU; and (2) Walter Scott. — Only son of the 
Rev. George Preston, Minister of Markinch. Died 4th November 1775. 

PRESTON, JAMES. 20th July 1731. 

Apprentice to Hugh Somerville. — Died March 1738. 

PRESTON, WILLIAM. 3d December 1722. 

Apprentice to Robert Hepburn. — Died May 1752. Mar. April 1740, Helen 
Cumming, relict of William Carss of Tollcross. Resigned his Commission 31st 
January 1750. Author oi A Poem to the Divine Majesty. 

PRIMROSE, JAMES. 

Second son of Archibald Primrose. Died 1641. Mar. (1) Sibylla Miller; and (2) 
Katherine, daughter of Richard Lawson of Baghill. Commissioner, 18th October 
1631. Clerk to the Privy Council, 1602. Clerk to Council of Prince's Revenue, 
17th August 1623. Ancestor of Earls of Rosebery. 

PRINGLE, FRANCIS. 26th February 1753. 

Apprentice to James Pringle. — Youngest son of Sir Robert Pringle of Stichell, 
Roxburghshire. Baptized 24th May 1729. Died 15th April 1760, unmarried. 

PRINGLE, JAMES, of Bowl.4ND. 14th July 1735. 

Apprentice to James Home. — Son of James Pringle of Torwoodlee, Selkirkshire. 
Di^d 10th April 1776. Mar. 18th September 1749, Elizabeth, daughter of James 
Nimmo, Receiver-General of Excise Duties for Scotland. Principal Clerk of 
Session, 13th December 1748 till death. 

PRINGLE, JOHN. 8th June 1741. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, Thomas Pringle, W.S. — Di^ 18th September 
1 784. Mar. Mary, sister of George Drummond of Blair-Drummond, Perthshire. 



..►JKi)' LIST OF MEMBERS iJ^ 

PKINGLE, JOHN. 13th July 1811. 

Apprentice to George Steuart. — Son of Dunbar Pringle, Mercliant in Edinburgh. 
Died 1854, aged 69. Mar. 24th July 1815, Margai-et, daughter of Thomas 
Wallace of Stockbridge. Sheriff-Substitute at Banff, 1821-54. 

PRINGLE, ROBERT, of Bartingbush and Stichkll. -F 

Commissioner, 26th December 1627. Second son of George Pringle of Newhall, 
Selkirkshire. Died 1649. Mar. Katherine Hamilton, of the Silverton family. 
M.P., Roxburghshire, 1639-41. 

PRINGLE, ROBERT. 7th December 1655. 

Son of Robert Pringle, W.S. Mar. Miss Kerr. Joint Fiscal, 1697-99. 

PRINGLE, ROBERT, of Symington. 9th December 1830. 

Apprentice to John Tait. — Only sou of Lieutenant-Colonel John Pringle of 
Symington, Mid-Lothian. B(ym 1803. Died 21st April 1868. Mar. (1) 17th 
June 1835, Maiy, eldest daughter of Major F. A. S. Knox, Royal Artillery ; and 
(2) 15th October 1839, Eliza, eldest daughter of James M'Failane, Surgeon, 
93d Regiment. 

PRINGLE, ROBERT. 14th March 1872. 

Apprentice to James Hope and Robert Mackay. — Son of Robert Pringle of 
Symington, W.S. Barn 28th January 1845. Mar. 12th April 1870, Catlierine, 
only daughter of Robert William Jamieson, W.S. 

PRINGLE, ROBERT KEITH. 27th July 1881. 

Apprentice to D. Scott Moncreiff, and J. P. Wood. — Son of Robert Keith Pringle 
of Broadmeadows, Selkirkshire. Born 22d April 1854. 

PRINGLE, THOMAS. 10th May 1693. 

Apprentice to John M'Farlaue. — Fourth son of Sir Robert Pringle of Stichell, 
Roxburghshire. Baptized 24th March 1667. Died before 1736. Mar. Rebecca 
Hay. Treasurer, 1697-98, Clerk of Privy Council, 24th November 1702. 
Deputy-Keeper of the Signet, 1716-25. Father of Robert Pringle, Lord 
Edgefield. 

PROCTOR, ROBERT. 30th June 1801. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Son of Patrick Proctor, Writer at Glamis Castle, 
* Forfarshire. Died 5th January 1823. 

PURVES, ALEXANDER PATERSON. 22d January 1874. 

Apprentice to William Forbes Skene.— Eldest son of William Brown Purves, 
Physician and Surgeon in Edinburgh. Born 11th September 1840. Mar. 22d 
December 1875, Sara Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Charles Turner, of the Royal 
Nurseries, Slough, Windsor. ». ,^- , _,. „„ , 



166 THE SOCIETY OF 'WlllTERS TO THE SIGNET 

PURVES, JAMES. 3d August 1742. 

Apprentice to James Ramsay. — Second son of Sir William Purves of that Ilk, 
Bart. Baptized 23d July 1709. Z'ied 8th June 1770. Resigned his Commission, 
16th February 1769. Commissary-Depute of Lauder. 

PURVES, WILLIAM. 20th October 1890. 

Apprentice to A. Howe, W. Macgillivray, and A. Yeaman. — Son of Robert Purves, 
Accountant, Glasgow. Bcnn 24th October 1862. 

RAMAGE, ALEXANDER LISTON. 16th August 1799. 

Apprentice to Robert Boswell. — Son of Alexander Ramage, Shoremaster of Leith. 
Died 28th February 1815. 

RAMSAY, DAVID, of Lethaine. 7th August 1695. 

Apprentice to Andrew Young. — Died before 1736. Mar. (1) Jean Campbell; and 
(2) 30th June 1699, Euphan, daughter of Michael Elphinstonc of Quarrel, Stirling- 
shire. Treasurer, 1698-99. 

RAMSAY, DAVID, of Grimmet. 6th March 1810. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Eldest son of the Rev. John Ramsay, Minister of 
Kirkmichael, Ayrshire. Died 30th April 1828. Mar. 20th April 1814, Helen, 
only daughter of John Shaw, of the Castle, Maybole. 

RAMSAY, JAMES, of Auchtertyke. 25th February 1723. 

Apprentice to Alexander Glass. — Brother of Robert Ramsay, Inspector of 
Customs. Died of apoplexy 2d November 1748. Mar. March 1734, Ann, 
daughter of Ralph Dundas of Manor, Perthshire. 

RAMSAY, JAMES. 22d February 1793. 

Apprentice to Walter Scott. — Son of James Ramsay, Architect in Edinburgh. 
Died 28th October 1798. 

RAMSAY, ROBERT. 23d May 1820. 

Apprentice to John Tod. — Second son of William Ramsay, Banker in Edinburgh. 
Died 19th November 1829. 

RAMSAY, SIR WILLIAM, of B.4MFF, Bart. 19th July 1779. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Third sou of Sir James Ramsay of Bamfif, 
Bart. Died 17th February 1807, aged 52. Mar. 5th August 1796, Agnata 
Frances, daughter of John Hilton Biscoe, of Hookwood, Surrey. Succeeded his 
brother as seventh Baronet on 16th April 1790. 

RANKEN, WILLIAM BLACK, of Darngavil. 14th January 1889. 

Apprentice to Alexander Wylie. — Son of Patrick Ranken of Cleddans and 
Auchengray, Lanarkshire. Bmn 16th Februaiy 1866. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 107 

RANKEN, ROBERT BURT. 25th March 1869. 

Apprentice to (1) Jolui Ord Mackenzie ; and (2) Frederick Pitman. — Son of 
Thomas Ranken, S.S.C. Bom 24th February 1840. Mar. 30th June 1874, Mary 
Witherington, daughter of Charles Tennant Dunlop, Merchant, Glasgow. 

RANKIN, GEORGE, B.L. 28th October 1881. 

Apprentice to T. G. Murray and J. A. Jamieson. — Son of the Rev. William 
Thomson Rankin, Brechin. Born 15th July 1852. Mar. 13th April 1887, Annie 
Cosens, second daughter of Robert Romanes, Solicitor in Lauder. 

RANKINE, CHARLES SIMSON. 

See SiMSON, Charles Simson Rankine. 

RATTRAY, ROBERT, of Blackcraig. 12th November 1799. 

Apprentice to Andrew Steuart. — Youngest son of James Rattray, residing at 
Bridgeness. Born 1773. Died 6th May 1846. Mar. (1) 4th October 1805, 
Rachel, daughter of Thomas Milne, Writer in Edinburgh; and (2) 16th July 
1821, Dorothea, daughter of James Dagnier, Durham. 

RAWSOUN, ROBERT. 

Son of Mr. Alexander Rawsoun, Minister of Spynie. Died 1629. Mar. 29th 
November 1626, Elspot Anderson. .!>-'! .-^ur^ni- a, 

REDDIE, JAMES CAMPBELL. 10th December 1829. 

Apprentice to David Cleghorn. — Son of James Reddie, Advocate. Born 1806. 

Died 4th July 1878, unmarried. 
REID, ALEXANDER. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. 
REID, CHARLES GREENSHIELDS, of Grangehill. 12th November 1840. 

Apprentice to John Russell. — Son of Captain Charles Hope Reid of Grangehill, 

Ayrshire, R.N. Bm-n 13th October 1814. Mar. 22d January 1850, Georgina, 

daughter of John Jardine, Advocate, Sheriff of Ross and Cromarty. 
REID, JAMES. 28th July 1882. 

Apprentice to Archibald Steuart. — Son of Walter Reid, Drem, East Lothian. 

Bom 19th March 1855. Mar. 5th January 1888, Kate, only daughter of William 

Scott, Calcutta. 
REID, ROBERT. 3d April 1749. 

Apprentice to Robert Fullarton. — Son of Mr. William Reid, Minister of Steven- 

ston. Died 10th March 1766. Mar. March 1746, Ann, daughter of James 

Grant, Stationer, Edinburgh. 

REID, SYLVESTER. 27th June 1822. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Son of James Reid, Office of Excise at Huntly. 
Bom 1780. Died 8th May 1842. Mar. 8th July 1822, Georgina, daughter of 
Alexander Kidd, Writer in Edinburgh. Accountant and Depute-Clerk of Teinds, 
1818-39. Clerk, 1839-41. 



168 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

EEID, WILLIAM. 27th November 1862. 

Apprentice to Edmund Baxter. — Son of William Reid, Writer in Dundee. Born 
28th October 1838. Died 8th September 1885. Mar. 23d May 1867, Elizabeth 
Geddes, daughter of James Walker of Ravensby, Flax-spinner in Dundee. 

RENNY, THOMAS. 

See Strachan, Thomas Renny. 

RENNY, WILLIAM, of Danevale Park. 16th May 1815. 

Apprentice to George Robinson.— Third son of George Renny of Birkhill, 
Kirkcudbrightshire. Bm-n 1788. Died 11th February 1846. Mar. 23d August 
1819, Margaret, second daughter of John Napier of MoUance, Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Solicitor for Inland Revenue. 

RENNY, WILLLAM JOHN, of Danevale Park. 14th November 1844. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, William Renny, W.S. — Barn 4th December 1822. 
Died 25th January 1879. Mar. (1) 19th July 1847, Julia Isobella, daughter of 
Arthur John Robertson of Inshes, Inverness-shire ; and (2) 17th July 1873, Mar- 
garet Forbes, daughter of John Angus, Advocate, and Town-Clerk of Aberdeen. 

RENTON, JOHN. 16th January 1800. 

Apprentice to John Home. — Eldest son of James Ronton, Merchant in Berwick. 
Born 1774. Died 3d October 1838. Mar. 12th September 1803, Ann, second 
daughter of the Rev. Matthew Murray, Minister of North Berwick. 

RENTONE, GEORGE. 16th November 1702. 

Apprentice to Alexander Home. — Died 17th December 1703, aged 29. Mar. 
October 1697, Helen Douglas. 

RHIND, WILLIAMSON. 16th November 1831. 

Apprentice to (1) Francis Wilson ; and (2) Sir H. Jardine, G. T. Stodart, and 
William Fraser. — Son of John Rhind, Cashier of the Edinburgh Friendly 
Insurance Company. 7?orn 11th June 1809. i)!><? 22d April 1847, unmarried. 

RICHARDSON, ANDREW. 29th June 1827. 

Apprentice to (1) Hay Donaldson ; and (2) John Gibson, Jun. — Only son of Kerr 
Richardson, Farmer in Ai-dgilzean, Perthshire. Bcrni 1804. Died 28th August 
1885. Mar. (1) 16th March 1831, Jean Thomson, daughter of William Blair; 
and (2) 28th March 1837, Charlotte, daughter of David Davidson, Salton Mains, 
Haddington. 

RICHARDSON, HENRY EDWARD. 13th July 1885. 

Apprentice to J. A. Jamieson, J. W. Tod, and James Craik. — Son of Henry 
Cockburn Richardson, of the Indian Civil Service. Born 28th June 1862. 

RICHARDSON, JOHN. 19th June 1823. 

Apprentice to William Inglis. — Eldest son of William Richardson, residing in 
Edinburgh. Born 1799. Di^ 17th December 1876. Mar. (1) L. G. H. Hay; 
(2) 24th February 1857, Martha, daughter of Peter Trezevant, London. Sub- 
stitute-Keeper, 1867-76. *^" 



LIST OF MEMBEES 169 

RICHAEDSON, JOHN, of Kirklands. 13th November 1827. 

Apprentice to Thomas Scotland. — Son of George Richardson, Farmer in Gilmerton. 
.Born 9th May 1780. i)je<? 4th October 1864. Jfar. 5th August 1811, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Lawrence Hill, W.S. 

RICHARDSON, RALPH. 12th November 1869. 

Apprentice to George Maclachlan and William Ivory. — Son of James Richardson, 
Merchant in Edinburgh. Bom 22d November 1845. Mar. 15th October 1879, 
Melville Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Fleming, M.D., Deputy Surgeon-General, 
Bengal Army. Commissary Clerk of Edinburgh, 1883. 

RICHAEDSON, ROBERT. 18th December 1676. 

Apprentice to Sir Hugh Paterson. — Died October 1699. Mar. 30th August 1678, 
Margaret Law. 

RICHARDSON, THOMAS. 25th May 1814. 

Apprentice to David Wemyss. — Only son of Robert Richardson, Secretary to the 
British Linen Company. Died 18th June 1853, aged 64. Mar. 19th September 
1818, Isabella, daughter of James Heggie, 3'ounger of Pitlessie, Fifeshire. 

RIDDELL, Rev. HENRY SCOTT. 15th November 1811. 

Apprentice to James Thomson.— Second son of Henry Riddell, Merchant in 
Glasgow. Bffrn 23d May 1789. Died 15th April 1862. Mar. (1) 2d October 
1818, Agnes, daughter of Archibald Gilchrist, Edinburgh; and (2) 29th November 
1831, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of John Home of Stirkoke, Caithness. 
Resigned his Commission 12th May 1825. Licensed by the Presbytery of 
Selkirk 7th July 1829. Ordained Minister of Longformacus 6th September 
1830. Translated to Dunse 6th October 1843. 

RIDDELL, JOHN, of Granton. 20th March 1739. 

Apprentice to Ronald Dunbar. — Eldest son of John Riddell, Physician in Edin- 
burgh. Bmn 1713. Died 20th December 1745. Mar. April 1741, Christian, 
daughter of Sir John Nisbet of Dean, Bart. 

RIDDELL, JOHN RUGNIGALD, of Kinharvie. 10th July 1798. 

Apprentice to William RiddelL — Second son of Robert Eiddell of Carzield, 
Dumfriesshire. Difd 1849. Mar. March 1804, daughter of David Crawford of 
Carronbank. 

RIDDELL, THOMAS, Younger of Camieston. 19th November 1805. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, William Riddell, W.S. — Born 23d August 1777. 
Died 18th April 1826. Mar. 31st January 1805, Jane, daughter of Walter 
Ferrier of Glenferrier, Stirlingshire. 

RIDDELL, WALTER, of Newhouse. '^'I'sth December 1708. 

Apprentice to John Wilkie.— Died December 174:2. Mar. Jean Pringle. 

Y 



170 THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

RIDDELL, WILLIAM, of Camieston. 3d July 1770."' 

Apprentice to Thomas Cockburn. — Eldest son of Thomas Riddell of Camieston, 
Roxburghshire. Bm-n 1746. DM 23d November 1829. Mar. 12th January 1776, 
Elizabeth, only surviving daughter of John Carre of Cavers Carre, Roxburghshire. 

RITCHIE, ALEXANDER. 12th March 1795. ' 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Only son of Alexander Ritchie, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Bkd 15th March 1816. 

RITCHIE, GEORGE. 2d July 1829. 

Apprentice to John Ronton and Joseph Grant. — Fourth son of George Ritchie of 
Hill of Ruthven, Perthshire. Born 1807. Died 30th November 1843. Mar. 8th 
June 1841, Euphemia, only daughter of Andrew Sceales of Blackburn.. 

ROBERTON, WILLLAJVI. 22d December 1698. 

Apprentice to William Stirling. — Youngest son of Archibald Roberton of Bedlay, 
Lanarkshire. Died January 1757, unmarried. 

ROBERTSON, ALEXANDER. 14th March 1744. 

Apprentice to (1) Harry Maule ; and (2) David Maule. — Son of George Robertson, 
Writer in Edinburgh. Died 22d January 1788. Mar. July 1764, Jean, third 
daughter of James Hay of Pitfour, Perthshire. Principal Clerk of Session, 12th 
June 1776 till death. 

ROBERTSON, ALEXANDER LAMBIE. 18th November 1817. 

Apprentice to (1) James Home; and (2) Patrick Wishart. — Third son of 
Alexander Robertson of Prenderguest, Berwickshire. Born 11th June 1794. Died 
22d December 1868. Mar. 16th August 1821, Katherine, daughter of John 
Alison of Wellbank, Forfarshire. 

ROBERTSON, ANDREW GIFFORD. 29th April 1881. 

Apprentice to A. Hamilton, G. T. Kinnear, and R. Beatson. — Son of Andrew 
Robertson, Edinburgh. Born 29th April 1855. 

ROBERTSON, BARTHOLOMEW. 1st November 1658. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton. 

ROBERTSON, FRANCIS JAMES. 14th April 1884. 

Apprentice to Anthony Murray. — Third son of George Robertson of Hedderwick, 
Forfarshire, C.E. Born 8th December 1858. Mar. 18th December 1884, Eliza- 
beth, youngest daughter of Rev. John Caldwell Brown of Carbeth Guthrie, Minis- 
ter of Ceres, Fifeshire. 

ROBERTSON, GEORGE. 25th June 1819. 

Apprentice to Archibald Hotchkis. — Died 24th September 1844, aged 51, 
unmarried. Sheriff-Substitute at Portree, 1829-44. ••■ ■ 



jrj^jLlST OF MEMBERS ;,. 171 

ROBEKTSON, GEORGE. ., ,■■ 18th November 1848. 

Apprentice to William Robertson. — Son of William Robertson of the island of 
.(„,. Malta. Bm-n 20th August 1820. Mar. 27th March 1856, Harriette Caroline 
Emily, youngest daughter of William Macbean, Leghorn. 

ROBERTSON, GEORGE BROWN. 24th June 1841. 

Apprentice to Hugh Tod. — Son of George Robertson, Deputy-Keeper of the 

Records. Born 10th January 1819. Died 26th November 1873. Mar. 14th 

August 1867, Christina, daughter of William Rose, Sheriffston, Elginshire. 

Deputy-Keeper of the Records, 1853-73. 

•1 

ROBERTSON, HUGH. 6th December 1791. 

Apprentice to David Erskine. — Second son of David Robertson of Loretto. Died 

21st January 1800. Mar. 3d November 1795, Barbara, the second daughter of 

■ ,j ; Alexander Hamilton of Gilkerscleugh, Lanarkshire. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES. 

See Barclay, James Robertson, 

ROBERTSON, JAMES. 26th June 1789. 

Apprentice to David Erskine. — Eldest son of Patrick Robertson, Writer in 
Glasgow. Died in Jamaica April 1794. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES. 1st June 1795. 

Apprentice to James Saunders. — Third son of Patrick Robertson, Schoolmaster 
at Bellie, Banffshire. Died 15th April 1820. Mar. Mary Saunders. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES. 1st June 1820. 

Apprentice to James Little. — Youngest son of the Rev. Patrick Robertson, D.D., 
Minister of Eddleston. Died 25th June 1864, aged 69, unmarried. Crown Agent, 
1858-59. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES SAUNDERS. 10th March 1812. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Robertson, W.S. — Born 1763. Died 
20th August 1856. Mar. 16th April 1816, Sarah, eldest daughter of Rev. Alex- 
ander Weir of Boghead, Linlithgowshire. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES STEWART-, of Edradynate. 12th November 1846. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson and William Robertson. — Son of James Stewarts 
Robertson of Edradynate, Perthshire. Born 15th May 1823. Mar. 27th April 
1852, Mary Jane Campbell, daughter of Robert Cuninghame of Bandalloch, Stir- 
lingshire, and Ballanorris, Isle of Man. 

ROBERTSON, JOHN, of Duncanziemuir. 11th July 1817. 

Apprentice to James Robertson. — Son of Robert Robertson, Writer in Ayr. 
Died 19th July 1859, aged 67, unmarried. 



iW THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

ROBERTSON, JOHN ANDERSON. 25th May 1826. 

Apprentice to James Saunders Robertson. — Fourth surviving son of James 
Robertson, W.S. Bm-n 4th November 1802. Died 9th December 18&2. Mar. 
13th September 1826, Isobella Eleanor, daughter of Captain Johnston, R.E., and 
widow of James Errol Gray, Surgeon, Inverness. 

ROBERTSON, JOHN LOGIE. 8th October 1883. 

Apprentice to Alexander Wylie. — Son of William Robertson, Milnathort, Kiu- 
ross-shire. Born 9th August 1859. 

ROBERTSON, JOHN RONALDSON. 8th July 1831. 

Apprentice to John Archibald Campbell. — Eldest son of Edward Robertson, 
Secretary to the Commercial Banking Company. Born 22d May 1807. Died 
11th May 1872, unmarried. 

ROBERTSON, PATRICK 1st July 1791. 

Apprentice to David Erskine. — Eldest son of Patrick Robertson, Writer in Glas- 
gow. Died 31st March 1795. 

ROBERTSON, ROBERT. 13th July 1780. 

Apprentice to David Erskine. — Second son of James Robertson Barclay of Keavil, 
Fifeshire, W.S. Died 11th June 1784. 

ROBERTSON, ROBERT JAMES. 31st May 1860. 

Apprentice to James Robertson. — Sou of the Rev. Patrick Robertson, Minister 
of Eddleston. Born 17th March 1834. Died 1st May 1867. Mar. 3d April 
1861, Harriott Margaret, daughter of William Henry Holms of Mauor House, 
Kilrea. 

ROBERTSON, THOMAS ROBERT. 21st November 1820. 

Apprentice to John Campbell of Annfield. — Sou of John Robertson, Wine 
Merchant in Edinburgh. Born 1796. Died 25th August 1873. Mar. (1) 9th 
June 1825, Helen, second daughter of John Elder, Depute-Clerk of Session; 
and (2) 5th August 1839, Jane Maria Sophia, daughter of Alexander Smith of 
Land, Dumfriesshire. 

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM. 11th December 1788. 

Apprentice to George Cuming. — Youngest son of James Robertson Barclay of 
Keavil, Fifeshire, W.S. Died 2d December 1839. 

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM. 26th November 1829. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson. — Son of George Robertson Scott of Benholm, 
Kincardineshire. Died 8th May 1850, aged 49, unmarried. 

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM PEMBERTON. 28th July 1882. 

Apprentice to George Robertson and John Hope Finlay. — Son of George 
Robertson, W.S. Born 25th July 1859. Mar. 18th December 1889, Augusta, 
eldest daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Babington of Brooklands, Hampshire. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 173 

ROBINSON, GEORGE, of Clermiston. 22d June 1784. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson.— Second sou of William Robinson, Merchant 
in Banff. Died 6th May 1825. Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer, 1815-25. 

ROBISON, CHARLES KNO\VLES. 10th July 1812. 

Apprentice to Richard Hotchkis. — Second son of John Robison, Professor of 
Natural Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh. Born 1781. Died at 
Calcutta, April 1846. Mar. 8th July 1822, Elizabeth Carr. Magistrate of 
Police, Calcutta. 

ROBSON, CHARLES MACLAREN. 14th July 1890. , 

Apprentice to T. E. 0. Home, T. Horno, and D. Lyell. — Son of James Curie 
Robson, Procui-ator-Fiscal of Berwickshire. Born 30th March 1863. 

ROLLAND, ADAM, of Gask. 6th March 1787. 

Apprentice to John Gordon. — Second son of the Rev. Robert RoUand, Minister of 
Culross. Bmii 1763. Died 31st March 1837. Mar. 10th October 1796, Ann, 
daughter of James Newbigging, residing at Whitehouse. Crown Agent, 1820-28. 
Principal Clerk of Session from 26th November 1828 till death. 

ROLLAND, ADAM, of Gask. 25th June 1824. 

Apprentice to Sir Francis Walker Dnimmond. — Eldest son of Adam Rolland, 
W. S. Born 5th July 1801. Died 1 8th October 1890. Mar. 5th September 1832, 
Charlotte, daughter of Joliu Craigie of Quebec, and niece of Laurence Craigie of 
Kilgraston, Perthshire. 

ROLLAND, JAMES. 7th July 1829. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, Adam Rolland, W.S. — Born 24th November 
1802. Died 20th November 1889. Mar. 21st April 1840, Maria Rebecca, eldest 
daughter of William Stothert of Cargen, Kirkcudbrightshire. 

ROLLO, HUGH JAMES. lOtli March 1806. 

Apprentice to Vans Hathorn. — Third son of Hugh James Paterson RoUo of 
Bannockburn. Born ^th. Februaiy 1783. Drowned on board steamer Comet ot^ 
Gourock, 21st October 1825. Mar. 12th July 1813, Jane Hathorn, eldest 
daughter of William Richardson of Keithock, Brechin. 

ROLLO, HUGH JAMES. 20th May 1847. 

Apprentice to John Richardson. — Son of Hugh James Rollo, W.S. Born 16tli 
June 1818. Died 28th February 1890. Mar. (1) 30th November 1865, Mary, 
daughter of Alexander Stuart of Inchbreck, Kincardineshire; and (2) 15th 
January 1880, Mary Dealtry, daughter of Rev. John Hutton Pollexfen of Cairston, 
Orkney, Vicar of Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire. 

RONALD, DUNCAN. 22d June 1691. 

Apprentice to John Campbell of Succoth. — Died August 1700. Mar. (1) Mag- 
dalene Scott ; and (2) Ann Murray. 



1T4 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

EORIE, JAMES. 16th July 1889. 

Apprentice to W. T. Dickson, T. S. Maclaren, and W. Traquair, Junr. — Eldest 
son of George Livingstone Rorie, Secretary, National Bank of Scotland, Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n 27th December 1864. 

EOS, WILLIAM. 29th June 1661. 

Apprentice to Hew Rose. — -Fiscal, 1657-66. Died April 1668. 

ROSE, HEW. 

Fiscal 1627-51. Died IQ5\. ilfar. Sara Armour. 

ROSE, JAMES. 1st July 1824. ■' 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson. — Son of James Rose, Depute-Clerk of Session. 
Died 1st December 1864, aged 68. Mar. 16th Juno 1830, Susan Brabazon, 
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Wight of Largnean. 

ROSS, ALEXANDER. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

ROSS, ALEXANDER, of Little Daan. 14th July 1718. 

Apprentice to James Baird — Son of Alexander Ross of Easter Fearn, Ross-shire. 
Died 4th March 1753. 

ROSS, HUGH, OF Knockbrake. 5th June 1845. 

Apprentice to Joseph Gordon. — Son of Hugh Ross of Knockbrake, Ross-shire. 
Bmi 12th January 1820. Died 25th February 1889. Mar. 25th June 1845, 
Anne, youngest daughter of Thomas Houstoun, Kintradwell, Sutherlandshire. 
Sheriflf-Substitute at Tobermory, 1865-85. 

ROSS, JAMES HUNTER. 27th June 1820. 

Apprentice to William Dallas. — Third son of William Ross, Collector of Customs, 
Stranraer. Died 18th September 1865, aged 73. Mar. (1) 26th August 1816, 

Margaret, daughter of Johnstone, Castle-Douglas; and (2) 1st June 1833, 

Margaret Penelope, youngest daughter of James Foulds, Wheatfield, Ayr. 
Latterly a Solicitor in Melbourne. 

ROSS, JOHN. 1609. 

Died February 1621. Mar. Helen Cunyngham. 

ROSS, JOHN, OF NuiCK. 23d October 1704. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Died 1740. Mar. Jean, daughter of Andrew 
Ross of Nuick, Stirlingshire. 

ROSS, JOHN. 30th January 1797. 

Apprentice to (1) Walter Ross and (2) Robert Dundas. — Third son of Walter 
Ross, W.S. Died, 11th December 1817. Mar. 20th September 1805, Christina, 
daughter of John Moncrieff of Sauchopewood, Fifeshire. 



LIST OF MEMBEES ^^^''"^ 175 

ROSS, JOHN LEITH, of Arnage. ' 27th January 1801. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Second son of Alexander Leith of Freefield, 
Aberdeenshire. Bmn 29th September 1777. Died 15th May 1839. Mar. 7th 
January 1807, Elizabeth, daughter of William Young of Theddocksley, Provost 
of Aberdeen. 

ROSS, JOHN. 28th January 1878. 

Apprentice to Robert Dobbie Ross, his brother. — Son of John Ross, S.S.C. 
Bffm nth August 1850. Mar. 24th April 1879, Julia Ann, widow of Robert 
^^ , ..Beckwith Towse, London. 

ROSS, ROBERT. 21st November 1790. 

Apprentice to John Innes. — Only .son of Daniel Ross of Binns. Died 1825. 

ROSS, ROBERT DOBBIE. 31st December 1867. 

Apprentice to James Duncan. — Son of John Ross, S.S.C. B<yrn 1st March 1841. 
Died 1st October 1877, unmarried. 

ROSS, WALTER. 25th June 1764. 

Apprentice to John Russell of Rosebume. — Son of Charles Ross, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Died 11th March 1789. Mar. Margaret, daughter of John Moubraj', 
of the Cockairny family. Author of Lectwes on the Practice of the Law of Scotland 
1792, and other legal works. 

ROW, CHARLES, of Innerallan. 5th April 1688. 

Apprentice to Sir Hugh Paterson of Bannockbnm. — Died March 1709. Mar. 
Christian Anderson. 

ROWAN, JOHN. "2d September 1648. 

Apprentice to Archibald Gibson. — Son of Rowan ; cousin of Andrew Rowan 

of Gask. Re-admitted 21st November 1661. Died before 1663. 

ROWAN, JOHN. 13th February 1744. 

Apprentice to Robert Wallace. — Son of James Rowan of Hethryhall. Died April 
1750. Mar. May 1740, Janet, daughter of John Paterson, Merchant, Glasgow. 

ROY, FREDERICK LEWIS, of Nenthorn. 4th July 1823. 

Apprentice to James Heriot. — Son of William Roy of Nenthorn, Berwickshire. 
Born 1799. Died 15th February 1868. Mar. (1) 5th June 1827, Margaret Louisa, 
daughter of Charles Maitland Makgill of Rankeillour; and (2) 26th October 
1853, Mary Catherine, daughter of Alexander Boswell, W.S. 

ROY, JAMES. 25th May 1826. 

Apprentice to James Thomson. — Son of James Roy, residing in Perth. Died 
nth November 1881. Mar. 10th May 1864, Anne, youngest daughter of John 
Robertson, Invercomrie, Perthshire. 



176 THE SOCIETY 0^;>YiiI?^^I^S. TO THE SIGNET 

EOY, EGBERT, of Riroy. 7th Febraary 1822. 

Apprentice to ^neas Macbean. — Son of James Roy, Surgeon to the Forces at 
Fort George. Born 1796. Died 10th September 1873. Mar. 5th June 1867, 
Mary, daughter of William Dean, Solicitor, London. 

RUSSEL, GEORGE. 17th February 1800. 

Apprentice to James Watson. — Third son of Alexander Russel of Montcoffer, 
Aberdeenshire. Died 3d October 1826. Mar. 13th March 1804, his cousin 
Catherine, eldest daughter of Thomas Russel of Rathen. 

RUSSELL, ALEXANDER JAMES. " 16th November 1837. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, John Russell, W.S. — Boni 21st June 1814. 
Died 8th January 1887. Mar. (1) 9th January 1839, Magdalene, daughter of 
Andrew Stein of Wester Greenyards, Stirlingshire; and (2) 13th April 1861, 
Elizabeth Anne, youngest daughter of Samuel Lancaster, Wateringbury Place, 
Kent. 

RUSSELL, GEORGE, of Inch. 16th January 1798. 

Apprentice to John Anderson of Inchyra. — Eldest son of James Russell of South 
Inch. Died 1st April 1826. Mar. 11th November 1798, Jane, daughter of 
William Simpson of Ogel. 

RUSSELL, HAMILTON. 13th November 1834. 

Apprentice to James Gillespie Davidson. — Son of Adam Russell, Architect in 
.,f\! Edinburgh. Bm-n 22d September 1801. Died 18th June 1881. Mar. 29th April 

1839, Mary, daughter of Rev. T. B. Blackburn, Durham. Sheriff-Substitute at 

Wick, 1849-80. 

RUSSELL, JAMES. 30th January 1840. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie. — Fourth sou of Alexander Russell, Coachbuilder 
in Edinburgh. Bmi 16th June 1811. Died 7th February 1846. Mar. 1846, 
Isabella, daughter of Charles Wildgoose, Captain in merchant service. 

RUSSELL, JOHN, of Braidshaw. 16th November 1711. 

Apprentice to James Anderson. — Fourth son of James Russell of Kingseat, 
Peeblesshire. Bm-n December 1672. Died 27th January 1759. Mar. (1) 29th 
August 1698, Maria, third daughter of Andrew Russell, Merchant, Rotterdam; 
(2) 1706, Ursala, daughter of Claud Alexander of Newton; and (3) 1720, Mary, 
daughter of the Rev. W. Anderson, Minister of West Calder. 

RUSSELL, JOHN, of Roskburnk. 3d April 1749. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, John Russell of Braidshaw, Mid-Lothian, W.S. — 
Born 12th December 1710. Died May 1796. Mar. 17th October 1751, Bethia 
daughter of Daniel Campbell of Greenyards, Stirlingshire. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 177 

RUSSELL, JOHN. 24th June 1774. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, John Russell of Roseburne, W.S. — Bom 1753. 
Died 2d December 1792. Mar. 8th June 1778, Eleanor, daughter of the Rev. 
William Robertson, D.D., Principal of Edinburgh University. 

RUSSELL, JOHN. Sth March 1803. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Only son of John Russell, W.S. Bom 22d 
February 1780. Died 30th January 1862. Mar. 10th June 1810, Cecilia, 
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel John Murray, son of William Murray of Touch- 
adam, Stirlingshire. Third Clerk to Jury Court, 1815-30. Principal Clerk of 
Session, 9th May 1842-58. 

RUSSELL, PATRICK, or Kellerstain. 24th February 1794. 

Apprentice to John Russell, Sen., and John Russell, Jun. — Fifth son of John 
Russell, W.S. Bom 1771. Died 9th April 1835. Mar. 28th December 1799, 
Rebecca Thomas, daughter of Michael Carmichael of Hazelhead. Fiscal, 1807-20. 

RUSSELL, WILLIAM. 30th November 1675. 

Apprentice to Alexander Leslie. — Mar. 13th October 1668, Catherine, daughter 
of Alexander Leslie, W.S. 

RUTHERFOORD, JOHN, of Knowsouth. 31st July 1798. 

Apprentice to William Riddell. — Eldest son of Thomas Rutherfoord of Know- 
south, Roxburghshire. Died April 1811. 

RUTHERFORD, ANDREW. Sth August 1649. 

Apprentice to Adam Watt and Alexander Douglas. — Re-admitted 21st November 
1661. 

RUTHERFORD, JAMES, of Ashintully. 5th August 1777. 

Apprentice to James Ramsay. — Third son of Andrew Rutherford, Tanner, Kirk- 
caldy. 5aTOl729. DJf^ 18th May 1817. Mtr. Elizabeth Wardlaw. 

RUTHERFORD, JAMES. 7th February 1822. 

Apprentice to James Wright. — Son of James Rutherford, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Died 3d September 1843, aged 47. Mar. 27th November 1820, Susannah 
Hardcastle, of Haughton, daughter of Michael Hardcastle of Haughton, Durham. 

RUTHERFORD, JOHN. 14th November 1800. 

Apprentice to Robert Trotter. — Eldest son of John Rutherford of Mossburn, 
Roxburghshire. Diet? 1822. 

RUTHERFORD, ROBERT. 7th March 1815. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranstoa — Second son of Dr. Daniel Rutherford, Physician 
in Edinburgh. Born 22d February 1790. Died 6th June 1866, unmarried. 
Deputy-Keeper of the Abbey of Holyrood. 



178 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

RUTHERFURD, GEORGE, of Fairnington. 29th June 1759. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Son of George Rutherfurd of Fairnington, 
Roxburghshire. Died 27th October 1774. Mar. August 1757, Mary, daughter 
of Strother Ker of Littledean, Roxburghshire. 

RUTHERFURD, JAMES HUNTER 10th January 1887. 

Apprentice to George Dalziel. — Son of Andrew Rutherfurd, Advocate, Sheriff- 
Substitute of Mid-Lothian. Born 13th June 1864. 

RUTHERFURD, JOHN. 26th November 1829. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Son of John Rutherfurd, Saddler in Jedburgh. 
B(yrn 20th December 1803. Died 29th November 1865. Mar. 23d February 
1836, Cassandra, daughter of Adam Scott Elliot of Arkleton, Dumfriesshire. 

RUTHERFURD, JOHN. 22d March 1866. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Rutherfurd, W.S. — Born 3d February 1841. 

RYMER, JOHN. 9th June 1825. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Son of Henry Rymer, Merchant in Bo'ness. Born 
1800. Died 3d August 1837. Mar. 1st October 1834, Christian, only daughter 
of Lieutenant-Colonel Dalgleish of West Grange, Perthshire. 

SANDEMAN, DAVID CHISHOLM, of Kirkwood. 13th November 1828. 

Apprentice to William Mackenzie. — Third son of David George Sandeman of 
Springland, Perthshire. Bmrn 24th March 1806. Died 13th November 1852. 
Mar. 4th April 1843, Julia, only daughter of John Robertsou of Foveran, 
Aberdeenshire. 

SANDERSON, WILLIAM. 11th December 1828. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Son of John Sanderson, Lapidary in Edinburgh. 
Born 1802. Died 25th June 1836, unmarried. 

SANDILANDS, MATTHEW, of Couston. 2d December 1779. 

Apprentice to (1) James Home ; and (2) Walter Scott. — Only son of Rev. 
Matthew Sandilands, Minister of Eccles. Died 3d August 1821. 

SANDILANDS, ROBERT. 26th May 1818. 

Apprentice to John Tod. — Fourth son of George Sandilands of Nuthill, Fifeshire. 
Born 1790. Died 20th May 1872. Mar. 14th July 1829, Mary, youngest 
daughter of Sir Charles Style, Bart., of Wateringbury, Kent Assistant Judge 
at Nassau, New Providence. 

SANDS, WARREN HASTINGS. 25th May 1814. 

Apprentice to James Thomson. — Second son of William Sands, Major in the 
Service of the Hon. East India Company. Born 1791. Died 1st February 1874. 
Mar. 5th June 1820, Harrietta Lindesay, youngest daughter of Henry Bethune 
of Kilconquhar, Fifeshire. Agent to Teind Court, 1825. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS i 179 

SANDS, WILLIAM, of Langsidk 25th November 1780. 

Apprentice to William Macdonald. — Third son of William Sands of Langside. 
Died 20th June 1783. 

SANDS, WILLIAM JOHN. 2 2d May 1845. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, WaiTen Hastings Sands, W.S. — Born 9th July 
1821. Died 11th April 1879. Mar. 8th June 1852, Augusta Sophia, daughter 
of Major-General Wemyss of Green Park, Bath. 

SANDY, GEORGK 10th July 1798. 

Apprentice to Anthony Barclay. — Son of George Sandy, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Born \711. Died 8th April 1853. Secretary to the Bank of Scotland. 

SANG, DAVID. 13th July 1871. 

Apprentice to Alexander Forsyth Adam. — Son of John Sang, S S.C. Bm-n 27th 
January 1838. Died 27th May 1883, unmarried. 

SANG, JOHN HENRY, LL.B. 20th October 1884. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Blair Maconochie; and (2) Andrew Forrester. — Son of 
George Sang, S.S.C. Born 26th May 1861. 

SAUNDERS, JAMES. 10th August 1775. 

Apprentice to Charles Gordon. — Died 16th May 1795. Mar. Margaret, daughter 
of Joseph Williamson, Advocate. 

SCARTH, PILLANS. 10th March 1825. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson. — Son of James Scarth, Merchant in Leith. Died 
24th October 1881. Mar. 5th June 1828, Cecilia, daughter of the Rev. Thomas 
Scott, Minister of Newton, Mid-Lothian. 

SCHENIMAN, HOPE. 4th June 1829. 

Apprentice to (1) Robert Y. Anderson; (2) Archibald Crawford; and (3) R. Y. 
Anderson. — Youngest son of Ferdinand Scheniman, Accoimtant in Edinburgh. 
Died 28th November 1858, aged 54, unmarried. 

SCHOIR, ADAM. 

Signs Minute of 16th December 1594. 

SCOTLAND, JOHN, of Glendouglas. 7th July 1815. 

Apprentice to (1) Charles Innes ; (2) William Handyside.— Son of Thomas 
Scotland, W.S. Died 14th October 1860, aged 69. Mar. (1) 24th April 1820, 
Mary, daughter of Robert Bum, Architect, Edinburgh; and (2) 26th June 1851, 
Anne Catherine, daughter of Browne Roberts of Ravenbourne Park, Lewisham. 

SCOTLAND, THOMAS, of Wester Luscar. 12th July 1791. 

Apprentice to James Buchan.— Son of John Scotland, Merchant in Perth, Died 
26th November 1824. Mar. 



180 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

SCOTT, ALEXANDER, of Tkinity. 27th February 1817. 

Apprentice to Joseph Cauvin. — Eldest son of William Scott, Solicitor-at-Law. 
Bom 1792. Died at Melbourne 22d May 1840. Mar. (1) 3d August 1819, Helen 
Sutherland, only daughter of Ebenezer Mai-shall Gardiner of Hillcairny ; and (2) 
5th August 1823, Magdalene, second daughter of William Blair of Blair, Ayr- 
shire. 

SCOTT, ANDREW. 8th July 1823. 

Apprentice to (1) Joseph Cauvin ; and (2) James Carnegie. — Eldest son of David 
Scott, Farmer at Northfield, Duddingston. Born 1798. Died 31st October 1874. 
Mar. (1) 31st October 1827, Mary Ann, daughter of William Affleck, Liverpool ; 
and (2) 29th June 1847, Marion S., daughter of James Lidderdale, Lochbank, 
Castle-Douglas. 

SCOTT, ANDREW. 18th November 186L 

Apprentice to James Peddie. — Son of Andrew Scott, W.S. Bom 26th November 
1834. Died 31st October 1870. Mar. 21st March 1870, Barbara Jennison, eldest 
daughter of Thomas Beamish of Cashelmore, County Cork, and widow of Alfred 
Henry Hannay. 

SCOTT, ANDREW GEDDES. 19th October 1885. 

Apprentice to Robert Burt Ranken. — Son of William David Scott, S.S.C. Bom 
8th March 1861. 

SCOTT, ANDREW THOMAS STEELE, of Crosswoodhiuu 21st April 1875. 

Apprentice to John Cook. — Son of Archibald Scott, Solicitor in Edinburgh. Bom 
30th September 1851. Mar. 15th April 1879, Anna Eupheniia, daughter of 
John Menzies Baillie of Culterallers, Lanarkshire. 

SCOTT, CHARLES BALFOUR. . 10th March 1806. 

Apprentice to Archibald Gibson. — Second son of Charles Scott of Woll, Roxburgh- 
shire. Bom 1782. Died 3d February 1838. Mar. 9th November 1818, Eliza, 
second daughter of the Rev. Alexander Ker, Minister of Stobo. 

SCOTT, CHARLES FRANCIS. 14tli July 1890. 

Apprentice to F. Pitman, J. R. Anderson, W. H. Murray and A. Pitman. — Only 
surviving son of George Ferme Scott, S.S.C. Bmn 20th December 1866, 

SCOTT, DAVID, of Simbister. 15th May 1817. 

Apprentice to Henry Moncrieff. — Son of Andrew Scott, Watchmaker in Dingwall. 
Died suddenly 22d January 1839, aged 48. Mar. 14th December 1821, Theodosia, 
youngest daughter of Robert Anderson, Edinburgh. 

SCOTT, GEORGE. 24th May 1827. 

Apprentice to John K. Campbell and Andrew Clason. — Son of William Scott, 
Brewer in Leith. Bom 1804. Died 12th May 1833, unmarried. 



LIST or MEMBERS 181 

SCOTT, HERCULES, of Brotherton. 19th March 1719. 

Apprentice to Thomas Pringle. — Son of Hercules Scott of Brotherton, Kincardine- 
shire. Born 1659. Died March 1725. Mar. 1707, Helen, eldest daughter of Sir 
Charles Ramsay of Balmain, Bart. Substitute-Keeper of the Signet. 

SCOTT, JAMES. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. Died 1628. 

SCOTT, JAMES, of Scotsloch. 20th December 1672. 

Apprentice to James Allan. — Third son of Sir William Scott of Clerkington, 
East Lothian, Senator of the College of Justice. Mar. Margaret Boyd. 

SCOTT, JAMES. 9th January 1738. 

Apprentice to Robert Dalrymple. — Son of James Scott, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Died 12th December 1792. Mar. Margaret, daughter of Andrew Marjoribanks 
of that Ilk. 

SCOTT, JAMES, of Brotherton. 18th June 1802. 

Apprentice to Charles Innes. — Son of David Scott of Netherholm, Kincardine- 
shire. Bom 1776. Died 22d September 1844, unmarried, 

SCOTT, JOHN, of Glenormiston. 26th February 1784. 

Apprentice to Cornelius Elliot. — Youngest son of William Scott of Woll, Rox- 
burghshire. Died 24th March 1803. Mar. Beatrice Caverhill. 

SCOTT, JOHN, OF Teviotbank. 15th November 1832. 

Apprentice to Gilbert Laurie Finlay. — Son of William Scott of Teviotbank, 
Roxburghshire, W.S. Born 2d October 1809. Died 16th July 1867. Mar. 2d 
October 1850, Anne, second daughter of Henry Singleton, of Belpatrick, County 
Louth. 

SCOTT, JOHN, LL.B. 19th October 1885. 

Apprentice to Robert Craigie Bell. — Son of William Scott, residing at Coaltown 
of Balgonie, Markinch. Bom 21st March 1861. 

SCOTT, PATRICK. 5th December 1699. 

Apprentice to Robert Innes. — Nephew of Hercules Scott, Merchant, Edinburgh. 
Died August 1711. Mar. Elizabeth Cunningham. 

SCOTT, THOMAS. 4th August 1777. 

Apprentice to Leonard Urquhart. — Seventh son of Archibald Scott of Rossie, 
Fifeshire. Died 24th June 1794. 

SCOTT, THOMAS. 19th November 1797. 

Apprentice to George Johnston. — Eighth son of Walter Scott, W.S. Bwn 1774. 
Died in Canada 14th February 1823. Mar. 16th December 1799, Elizabeth, third 
daughter of David M'CulIoch of Ardwall, Kirkcudbrightshire. Extractor of 
Court of Session, 1810. Officer of Manx Fencibles. Paymaster of the 70th 
Regiment. 



jm THE SOCIETY OP WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

SCOTT, THOMAS GRAY. 27th June 1833. 

Apprentice to Walter Dickson and James Steuart. — Son of Archibald Scott, 
Solicitor-at-Law, Edinburgh, and Procurator-Fiscal for Mid-Lothian. Bom 29th 
August 1811. Died at Madeira 15th January 1856. Mar. 11th April 1844, 
Ellinor, daughter of Samuel Cooper of Failford, Ayrshire. 

SCOTT, THOMAS MACMILLAN, of Wauchope. 22d November 1838. 

Apprentice to Lawrence Davidson and Thomas Syme. — Eldest son of Walter 
Scott of Wauchope, Roxburghshire. Born 13th February 1816. Died 10th June 
1862. Mar. 10th April 1844, Catherine, daughter of Browne Roberts of Ravens- 
bourne Park, Kent. 

SCOTT, WALTER. 13th January 1755. 

Apprentice to (1) James Pringle ; and (2) Thomas Cockburn. — Son of Robert 
Scott in Sandyknowes, Roxburghshire. Boi-n 11th May 1729. Died 12th April 
1799. Mar. April 1758, Anne, eldest daughter of John Rutherford, M.D., 
Professor of Medicine in the University of Edinburgh. Father of Sir Walter 
Scott, Bart., Novelist. 

SCOTT, Sir WILLIAM, of Elie. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. — Son of John Scott of Orchardfield, 
Edinburgh. Died 1628, aged 82. Mar. (1) Elizabeth, daughter of Hamilton of 
Priestfield ; (2) Isobel, daughter of David Durie of that Ilk ; and (3) 1602, Jean, 
daughter of Sir John Skene, Clerk Register. Director in Chancery 1592. Clerk 
of Session. 

SCOTT, WILLIAM. 

Commissioner, 18th October 1631. — Clerk of Council and Session. 

SCOTT, WILLIAM, of Teviotbank. 23d May 1808. 

Apprentice to William Riddell. — Only son of John Scott of Glenormiston, Peebles- 
shire, W.S. Bmi 1782. Died 18th August 1841. Mar. (1) 22d September 1808, 
Miss Jordan of Edinburgh; and (2) 9th October 1816, Margaret, second daughter 
of Dr, Duncan, Edinburgh. 

SCRIMGEOUR, HENRY, of Wester Lochgelly. 9th February 1702. 

Apprentice to John Montgomery. — Son of Mr. James Scrimgeour, Minister of 
Currie. Died 9th October 1731. Mar. 23d February 1704, Agnes, daughter of 
Uthred Macdougall of Hagburu. 

SCRIMGEOUR, HENRY. 14th July 1735. 

Apprentice to Charles Farquharson. — Son of Henry Scrimgeour of Wester Loch- 
gelly, Fifeshire, W.S. Died 29th Mai-ch 1778. Mar. June 1743, Margaret, 
daughter of George Cruickshanks of Banchory. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS 183 

SELLAR, JAMES TYREELL. ICth January 1879. 

Apprentice to T. G. Murray and J. A. Jamieson. — Eldest son of the Rev. James 
Annand Sellar, Incumbent of St. Peter's Episcopal Church, Edinburgh. Bom 3d 
June 1854. liar. 21st October 1885, Eliza, daughter of John Granger of Pitcur, 
Forfarshire. 

SEMPLE, ALEXANDER. 
Died 1628. 

SEMPLE, JOHN, of Balgone. 28th August 1635. 

Apprentice to Harry Veache. — Brother of Mr. James Semple, Minister of 
Carmichael. Died 20th June 1662. Mar. Anna, second daughter of Sir Archibald 
Sydserff, Bailie of Edinburgh. Commissioner, 1st May 1649. 

SEMPLE, JOHN, of Balgone. 23d July 1674. 

Apprentice to (1) John Semple, his uncle j and (2) Walter Ewing. — Died 1680. 

SETON, WILLIAM. 6th December 1707. 

Apprentice to Arthur Forbes. — Died 18th August 1747. 

SHAND, DAVID LISTER. 25th November 1869. 

Apprentice to John Cook. — Son of John Shand, W.S. Bm'n 31st July 1839. 
Mar. 23d July 1873, Angelica Manning, daughter of John Inglis Harvey of 
Kinnettles, Forfarshire, Accountant-General, Bengal. 

SHAND, JOHN. 4th December 1823. 

Apprentice to Hugh M'Queen. — Son of the Rev. James Shand, Minister of Mary- 
kirk. Bern 6th January 1801. Died 26th October 1876. Mar. 4th September 
1827, Isobel, only daughter of David Lister of Kininmonth, Fifeshire, W.S. 

SHAND, JOHN BATTY. 26th November 1829. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Second son of John Shand of the Burn, Kincardine- 
shire. Born 1804. Died 1st August 1877, unmarried. 

SHARPE, WILLIAM, of Hoddam. 10th July 1820. 

Apprentice to John Forman. — Son of Charles Sharpe of Hoddam, Dumfriesshire. 
Born 1791. Died 18th December 1875, unmarried, 

SHAW, CHARLES. 11th December 1834. 

Apprentice to William Mackenzie. — Son of Duncan Shaw, residing at Nunton, 
Benbecula. Born 1st March 1812. Died 10th September 1885. Mar. 4th August 
1842, Ann Margaret, eldest daughter of James Thomas Macdonald of Balranald, 
North Uist. Sheriflf-Substitute at Lochmaddy, 1843-81. 

SHAW, DAVID. 21st May 1812. 

Apprentice to Craufurd Tait. — Eldest son of Charles Shaw, Writer in Ayr. Bom 
5th November 1788. Died 9th October 1870. Mar. 1st November 1826, Glencairn 
Dalrymple, eldest daughter of John Armstrong, Cherry Vale, County Antrim. 



184 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

SHAW, DAVID. 27th June 1872. 

Apprentice to Thomas Thomson and David Scot Dickson. — Bom 14th June 1835. 

SHAW, DUNCAN. 21st January 1874. 

Apj)rentice to Colin Mackenzie and A. D. M. Black. — Son of Charles Shaw, W.S. 
Born 7th October 1850. Mar. 15th January 1889, Elizabeth, third daughter of 
George Gordon, Aberdeen. 

SHEPHERD, ALFRED. 11th April 1887. 

Apprentice to James Hotchkis Jameson. — Son of David Shepherd, Property 
Agent, Dundee. Born 6th June 1857. 

SHEPHERD, JAMES. 10th March 1817. 

Apprentice to George Dunlop. — Son of the Rev. Robert Shepherd, Minister of 

Daviot. Born 6th February 1790. Died 4th December 1857. Mar. 2d May 

1848, Marion Scott, daughter of William Handyside, W.S. 
SIBBALD, CHARLES. 22d November 1776. 

Apprentice to John Bell. — Son of William Sibbald, Tailor, Edinburgh. Died 11th 

October 1777. 

SIBBALD, DAVID, of Abden. 2d June 1809. 

Apprentice to Edward Bruce. — Son of John Sibbald of Abden, Fifeshire. Died 
23d February 1815. 

SIBBALD, GEORGE. 18th January 1656. 

Apprentice to John Learmonth. — Son of James Sibbald in Drumgay. Died March 
1668. Mar. Janet Learmonth. Re-admitted 14th January 1662. 

SIBBALD, HENRY. 27th February 1819. 

Apprentice to James Gibson. — Ninth son of William Sibbald of Gladswood, 
Merchant in Leith. Born 1793. Died 13th August 1837. Mar. 3d October 
1821, Agnes, only child of James Edmund, Glasgow. 

SIBBALD, WILLIAM GRAHAM. 14th July 1890. 

Apprentice to D. Henry and Charles Cook. — Son of John Sibbald, M.D., Edin- 
burgh. Bom 25th October 1866. 

SIMPSON, DANIEL. 26th July 1695. 

Apprentice to George M'Kenzie. — Died 28th January 1715. Mar. June 1698, 
Jean, daughter of Robert Aitchison of Sydserff, East Lothian. 

SIMPSON, JOHN. 1727. 

Apprentice to Alexander Mitchell of Craigend. — Di^d before 1733. 

SIMPSON, ROBERT RUSSELL. 12th November 1869. 

Apprentice to Thomas Dawson Brodie. — Fourth son of Alexander Simpson, 
Banker in Bathgate, and nephew of Sir James Young Simpson, Bart. Born 31st 
December 1840. Mar. 26th December 1877, Helen Dymock, eldest daughter of 
Samuel Raleigh, Manager, Scottish Widows' Fund, Edinburgh. 



LIST OF MEMBEES i 185 

SIMSON, CHARLES SIMSON RANKINE, of TiiREirwooD. Utli March 1872: 

Apprentice to John and James Turn bull. — Son of the Rev. John Rankine, D.D., 
Minister of Som. Born 15th October 1847. Assumed name of Simson on suc- 
ceeding to estate of Threipwood. 

SIMSON, JOHN THOMAS. 31st May 1860. 

Apprentice to James Shepherd, T. M. Grant, and William Cuthbertson. — Son of 
the Rev. Henry Simson, Minister of Chapel of Garioch, Aberdeenshire. Bm'n 
26th May 1837. Disd 9th November 1865, unmarried. 

SINCLAIR, GEORGE. 4th August 1777. 

Apprentice to Leonard Urquhart. — Third son of James Sinclair of Durran, Caith- 
ness. Died 6th December 1779. Mar. 19th September 1775, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of John Sutherland of Forse, Caithness. 

SINCLAIR, GEORGE LEWIS, of Dalreoch. 23d November 1827. 

Apprentice to William Renny. — Second son of James Sinclair of Forss, Caithness. 
Bom 1803. Died 22d October 1878. Mar. 11th February 1830, Frances Ann, 
second daughter of John Boazman of Acornbank, Westmoreland. 

SINCLAIR, GEORGE SUTHERLAND. 12th November 1829. 

Apprentice to James and Charles Nairne. — Son of Lieutenant-Colonel John 
Sutherland, R.A. Born 1805. Died 16th January 1834, unmarried. 

SINCLAIR, JOHN, of Balgrigie. 28th June 1736. 

Apprentice to James Graham. — Only son of George Ross, Advocate. Died 26th 
October 1784. Mar. 25th October 1753, Rachel, daughter of John Moncriefif, 
Merchant, Perth. Admitted Advocate 11th June 1748. 

SINCLAIR, PETER. 18th June 1739. 

Died 1763. Fiscal, 1755-63. 

SINCLAIR, ROBERT. 31st December 1708. 

Apprentice to John M'Farlane. — Died 11th April 1715, aged 30. Mar. 18th 
January 1711, Lilias, daughter of John Anderson, Coppersmith in Edinburgh. 

SINCLAIR, WILLIAM. 8th August 1785. 

Apprentice to Francis Anderson.— Youngest son of Alexander Sinclair of Barrock, 
Caithness. Died 7th July 1 799, unmarried. Commissary of Caithness. 

SINGER, JAMES. 12th December 1822. 

Apprentice to Robert Ainslie. — Son of the Rev. William Singer, D.D., Minister of 
Kirkpatrick-Juxta. Died 1st February 1836, aged 35, unmarried. 

SKELTON, JAMES. 12th February 1824. 

Apprentice to Robert Fleeming. — Son of John Skelton, Sheriff-Substitute at 
Kinross. Born 1799. Died 14th May 1882. Mar. 11th October 1830, Margaret 
Marjory, eldest daughter of Thomas Kinnear of Kinloch, Fifeshire. Sheriff-Sub- 
stitute at Peterhead, 1829-70. 

2 a 



186 THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

SKENE, JAMES. 

Mentioned 16th May 1611. 

SKENE, JOHN, of Hallyaeds. 

Commissioner, 18th October 1631. Second son of Sir John Skene of Curriehill, 
Lord Register. Died December 1644. Mar. 29th June 1603, Alison, sister of 
William Rigg of Athernie^ Fifeshire. Clerk of the Bills, 1614. Clerk of Session. 

SKENE, WILLIAM FORBES, D.C.L., LL.D. 16th November 1831. 

Apprentice to (1) Francis Wilson ; and (2) Sir H. Jardine, G. T. Stodart, and 
William Eraser. — Son of James Skene of Rubislaw, Advocate. £mn 7th June 
1809. Author of The Siffhlanders of Scotland, tJieir Origin, History, and Antiquities, 
1837 ; Celtic Scotland, and other works. Depute-Clerk of Session, 1st November 
1853-67. Historiographer-Royal for Scotland, 1881. 

SKINNER, JOHN ROBERT. 6th July 1813. 

Apprentice to Alexander Youngson. — Son of James Skinner, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n 1786. Died 13th September 1849. Mar. 21st April 1814, Ann, 
daughter of William Black, Writer in Brechin. 

SKINNER, WILLIAM, of Corra. 16th November 1848. 

Apprentice to John Hunter, Auditor of Court. — Son of John Robert Skinner, 

W.S. Born 24th July 1823. Mar. (1) 18th June 1850, John Ann Farish, only 

, surviving child of Robert Kirk of Drumstenchill, Kirkcudbrightshire ; and (2) 

,. 25th November 1880, Charlotte Eremengarde, youngest daughter of Charles 

Warren of Longford and Market-Drayton. Town-Clerk of Edinburgh since 1874. 

SLIGO, GEORGE, of Auldhame. 23d June 1820. 

Apprentice to William Dallas. — Youngest son of John Sligo, Merchant in Leith. 
Born 1797. Died 3d December 1847. Mar. 4th June 1822, Anna Sita, eldest 
daughter of Benjamin Outram of Butterly Hall, Derbyshire. 

SMALL, ALEXANDER MURISON. 27th June 1878. 

Apprentice to Robert and James Alexander Haldane. — Son of James Small, 
Accountant, Calcutta, and grandson of the Rev. Alexander Small, D.D., Stirling. 
Brni 26th July 1854. 

SMALL, J. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. 

SMALL, PATRICK. 

Mentioned 20th January 1608. Mar. 9th August 1598, Isabella Coult. 

SMALL, THOMAS. 5th March 1801. 

Apprentice to William Dunbar. — Only son of Charles Small, Wigmaker in Edin- 
burgh. Died 1st October 1830. Mar. (2) 27th April 1829, Margaret, daughter 
of Colin Clark, Edinburgh. Marchmont Herald, 1801-30. 



LIST OF MEMBERS . 187 

SMITH, ADAM. 31st March 1707. 

Apprentice to William Thomson. — Died 1726. Mar. Lilias Drummond. 

SMITH, ALEXANDER. 23d February 1816. 

Apprentice to John Smith, his brother. — Son of Thomas Smith, one of the 
Principal Clerks of the Bills. Died 3d August 1868, aged 82. Mar. (1) 1st June 
1830, Mary, eldest daughter of James Christie of Durie, Fifeshire ; and (2) 27th 
July 1842, Margaret Louisa, daughter of Henry Wedderburn of Wedderburn. 

SMITH, ANDREW. 6th July 1813. 

Apprentice to John Campbell of Annfield. — Eldest son of John Smith, Farmer at 
Law, Linlithgowshire. Died 17th December 1861, aged 77, unmarried. 

SMITH, DAVID. 30th November 1826. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Second son of Alexander Smith, Banker in Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n 13th January 1803. Died 16th December 1880. ilfar. (1) Uth 
September 1830, Harriet Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Allan of Lauriston ; and 
(2) 22d February 1849, Charlotte Eliza, second daughter of Charles William 
Bigge of liinden, Northumberland. 

SMITH, DONALD M'CALLUM. 16th July 1888. 

Apprentice to James Bumess. — Son of Alexander Bell Smith, LL.D., Edinburgh. 
Born 23d July 1863. 

SMITH, HARRY. 25th November 1852. 

Apprentice to John and John Robert Tod. — Fifth son of Alexander Smith, 
Advocate in Aberdeen. Barn 12th August 1829. Mar. 6th August 1861, Julia 
Medina, daughter of Colonel Rice Jones, K.H., Royal Engineers. Admitted 
Advocate 6th June 1857. Sheriff-Substitute at Greenock, 1874-85. 

SMITH, JOHN. 23d July 1628. 

Apprentice to George Mack. 

SMITH, JOHN. 

See Cunningham, John Smith. 
SMITH, JOHN. 21st December 1730. 

Sheriff-Clerk of Lanarkshire, 1743; Fiscal, 1763-77. Resigned his Commission 

Uth July 1778. 

SMITH, JOHN FAIRFULL, of Westfield. 19th November 1829. 

Apprentice to William Bell.— Son of Captain Smith of the 33d Regiment. Died 
7th January 1868, aged 62. Mar. (1) 12th June 1830, Caroline, third daughter 
of Dutton Smith Turner of Clarendon, Jamaica; and (2) 10th January 1850, 
Alexandrina, second daughter of William Thomson, Dumfries. 

SMITH, WILLIAM. 29th May 1878. 

Apprentice to James Peddie and Alexander Peddie Waddell. — Son of William 
Smith, Writer in Edinburgh. Bm-n 20th May 1855. Mar. 7th February 1882, 
Elizabeth Mary, eldest daughter of Jackson Coward Robinson, Ambleside. 



188 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

SMYTH, JAMES, of Balhaery. 5th April 1742. 

Apprentice to James Graham. — Son of John Smyth of Lietsie, Writer in Alyth. 
Died 1781. Mar. Cecil, eldest daughter of Dr. John Kinloch. 

SMYTH, JAMES. lOth December 1789. 

Apprentice to Thomas Adaii-. — Son of Robert Smyth, Schoolmaster in Paisley. 
Born 1759. Died 28th June 1827. Mar. 2.3d March 1798, Barbara, daughter of 
John Barbour of Laws, Renfrewshire. 

SMYTH, JOHN, of Balharry. 12th July 1779. 

Apprentice to, and only sou of, James Smyth, W.S. — Died 7th February 1809. 
Mar. (1) Agatha, fourth daughter of Sir John Wedderbum, third Baronet of 
Blackness ; and (2) Joanna, daughter of Robert Gray, Writer in Edinburgh. 

SMYTH, ROBERT, of Balharry. 2d June 1809. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, John Smyth, W.S. — Died 6th October 1855, 
aged 73, unmarried. 

SMYTH, ROBERT GILLESPIE, of Gibliston. 18th June 1802. 

Apprentice to John Campbell (1785). — Son of Dr. James Gillespie, Principal of 
St Mary's College, St. Andrews. Bor7i 4th February 1777. Died 11th November 
1855. Mar. 8th November 1806, Amelia, daughter of Sir Robert Murray Keith, 
Bart. Assumed name of Smyth on succeeding to estate of Gibliston, Fifeshire. 

SNODGRASS, FRANCIS. 10th March 1803. 

Apprentice to Thomas Gordon. — Son of Hugh Snodgrass, Writer in Paisley. 
Died 1824. Resigned his Commission 24th November 1823. 

SOMERVELL, GRAHAM CHARLES. 16th January 1879. 

Apprentice to Charles Morton and John Neilsou. — Son of Graham Somervell of 
Som Castle, Ayrshire. £wm 13th July 1854. Died 3d February 1889, unmarried. 

SOMERVILLE, HUGH, of Inverteil. 1st June 1696. 

Apprentice to Robert Carstairs. — Second son of James Somerville of Corehouse, 
Lanarkshire. Died 29th May 1793. Mar. Agnes, third daughter of Sir Alexander 
Gibson of Pentland, P.C.S. 

SOMERVILLE, JOHN. 27th February 1650. '"' 

SOMERVILLE, SAMUEL CHARTERS. 29th January 1802. 

Apprentice to John Tait. — Second son of the Rev. Thomas Somerville, D.D., 
Minister of Jedburgh. Died 18th June 1823. Mar. 16th July 1807, eldest 
daughter of Robert Low of Clatto, Fifeshire. 

SOMERVILLE, ROBERT. 26th June 1846. 

Apprentice to James Macallan. — Son of the Rev. James Somerville, Minister of 
Drumelzier. Ji(yrn 20th April 1814. Died 5th February 1867, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 189 

SOOTE, GEORGE GIBSON. 15th November 1872. 

Apprentice to James Mackenzie, J. B. Innes, and C. B. Logan. — Son of James 

Soote, Merchant and Shipowner in Dundee. Bom 13th March 1849. Mar. 17th 

April 1886, Alice Victoria, youngest daughter of General Lynch of Partry, 

Ballinrobe, co. Mayo. 
SOUTER, JAMES, of Kinminities. 11th March 1830. 

Apprentice to William Inglis. — Son of Stewart Souter of Melrose, Banffshire. 

Born 1806. Died 18th July 1858. Mar. 5th April 1831, Anne, daughter of 

Patrick Camegy of Lour, Forfarshire. 

SPALDING, THOMAS. 21st March 1865. 

Apprentice to Thomas M. Grant and William Cuthbertson. — Only son of William 
Spalding, Professor in the University of St. Andrews. Born 31st December 
1840. Died 4th March 1878, unmarried. 

SPALDING, WILLIAM MELLIS. 21st November 1833. 

Apprentice to William Fettes Pitcairn. — Son of William Spalding of Glennebray. 
Bom 9th February 1811. Died 4th September 1857. Mar. 30th April 1846, 
Jane, daughter of William Gordon of Hallmyre, Peeblesshire. 

SPEID, JAMES. 21st April 1875. 

Apprentice to J. 0. Mackenzie, W. R. Kermack, and George Mackenzie. — Son of 
William Speid, Forneth, Blairgowrie. Bom 22d August 1849. 

SPEID, JOHN, OF Ardovie. 4th March 1841. 

Apprentice to William Murray. — Second son of Robert Speid of Ardovie, Forfar- 
shure, W.S. Bm-n 26th June 1814. Died 16th May 1861, unmarried. 

SPEID, ROBERT, of AiiUOViE. 20th June 1793. 

Apprentice to William Leslie. — Only son of Robert Speid, Merchant in Dundee. 
Died 20th December 1846, aged 82. Mar. 23d November 1801, Isabella, daughter 
of James Hall of Millholm, Renfrewshire. 

SPEIR, WILLIA]VI. 

Signs the Acts 4th April 1607. 

SPENS, DAVID. ISth June 1730. 

Apprentice to James Armour. — Died 6th February 1771. Mar. Elizabeth, 
daughter of the Rev. Lawrence Johnstone, Minister of Duns. 

SPENCE, JAMES. 6th March 1828. 

Apprentice to William Dallas.— Second son of Alexander Spence, Goldsmith in 
Edinburgh. Died 15th September 1856, aged 68. Mar. 23d September 1834, 
Jemima Grace, youngest daughter of James Hall, Major of the Forces, Gibraltar. 

SPENS, NATHANIEL, of Craigsanquhar. 25th November 1830. 

Apprentice to James Hope. — Eldest son of Colonel James Spens of Craig- 
sanquhar, Fifeshire. Bom 18th February 1805. Died 22d November 1869. 
Mar. 23d January 1840, Janet Law, daughter of George Guild. 



ige THE SOCIETY OF WKITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

SPENS, REGINALD HOPE. 21st April 1870. 

Apprentice to Colin Mackenzie and A. D. M. Black. — Fourth son of Archibald 
Spens of Lathallan, Stirlingshire. Burn 6th November 1850. Mar. 18th April 
1876, Mary Elizabeth, elder daughter of Francis Anderson, W.S. 

SPOTTISWOODE, DAVID. 20th June 1793. 

Apprentice to Cornelius Elliot. — Sixth son of James Spottiswoode of Dunipace, 
Stirlingshire. Died 8th March 1807. 

SPROT, THOMAS. 12th June 1823. 

Apprentice to James Renton.^ — Youngest son of Alexander Sprot, residing in 
Edinburgh. Born 27th January 1800. Died 23d July 1880. Mar. 3d August 
1874, Margaret Morrison Malcolm. 

STARK, WILLIAM. 

Signs the Acts 7th December 1612. 

STEELE, ANDREW, of Crosswoodhill. 18th March 1788. 

Apprentice to Alexander Cunningham. — Only surviving son of James Steele, 
Merchant in Edinburgh. Born 5th January 1759. Died 5th November 1832. 
Mar. 15th August 1810, Marion, eldest daughter of Thomas Bell of Nether 
Horsburgh, Peeblesshire. Deputy-Keeper Register of Sasines, 1788. 

STEIN, ANDREW. 8th July 1847. 

Apprentice to Henry Inglis. — Fourth son of Robert Stein of Kilbagie, Clackman- 
nanshire. BmTi, 31st July 1824. Mar. 6th August 1856, Margaret Haig, daughter 
of Francis Stupart, Major in 2d Dragoons (Scots Greys). 

STENHOUSE, ALEXANDER THOMSON. 14th April 1884. 

Apprentice to James Peddie, A. Peddie Waddell, and H. Ivory. — Son of James 
Stenhouse of North Fod, Dunfermline. Born 28th December 1858. Mar. 16th 
October 1889, Mary Johnston, elder daughter of Arthur Colville, Edinburgh. 

STENHOUSE, JOHN. 19th June 1812. 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson. — Youngest son of James Stenhouse, Farmer at 
Grange. Died 6th February 1821. 

STEPHEN, CHARLES CAMPBELL. 10th January 1887. 

Apprentice to Charles Patrick Finlay. — Son of the Rev. Thomas Stephen, Minister 
of Kinloss, Morayshire. .Boi'w 14th April 1862. 

STEUART, ALEXANDER, of Edingla.ssie. 26th July 1727. 

Apprentice to Andrew Hay of Montblairie. — Died 19th September 1787. Mar. 
Margaret, only child of Colonel Cranston of Glen, Peeblesshire. 

STEUART, ANDREW, of Auchlunkart. 15th July 1763. 

Apprentice to Alexander Stewart. — Third son of George Steuart of Tannachy, 
Banffshire. Died 10th October 1798. Mar. December 1778, Harriet, daughter of 
James Gordon of Cocklarachy, Aberdeenshire. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 191 

STEUART, ARCHIBALD. 23d June 1853. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, James Steuart, W.S.—Born 25th July 1828. 

Mar. 21st March 1859, Christian, third daughter of George Graham Bell of 

Crurie, Advocate. 
STEUART, CHARLES. 21st December 1786. 

Apprentice to William Dick. — Second son of James Steuart, Writer in Edinburgh. 

Born 19th September 1760. Died 6th February 1821. Mar. (1) 13th April 1795, 

Mary, daughter of William Gordon, Bookseller in Edinburgh; and (2) 27th 

October 1801, Margaret, daughter of James Lindesay, Merchant, Leith. 
STEUART, CHARLES. 15th November 1832. 

Apprentice to James and Charles Nairne. — Second son of Charles Steuart, W.S. 

Born 1st April 1804. 

STEUART, CHARLES. 14th November 1851. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, James Steuart, W.S. — Bom 7th December 1827. 

Died 9th May 1888, unmarried. 
STEUART, GEORGE, of Tannachy. 20th December 1791. 

Apprentice to Andrew Steuart. — Eldest son of Patrick Steuart of Tannachy, 

Banffshire. Died 25th October 1814, aged 45. 

STEUART, GEORGE MACKENZIE. 17th March 1890. 

Apprentice to R. L. and J. G. Stuart. — Son of George Steuart, Accountant to the 
Commissioners of Northern Lighthouses, Edinburgh. Borii 10th December 1866. 

STEUART, JAMES. 8th July 1763. 

Apprentice to James Pringle. — Third son of Charles Steuart of Ballechin, Perth- 
shire. Died 16th September 1779, unmarried. 

STEUART, JAMES. 20th May 1794. 

Apprentice to James Walker. — Fourth son of Robert Steuart of Ballechin, Perth- 
shire. Born 22d May 1767. Died 4th August 1803, unmarried. 

STEUART, JAMES. 22d December 1825. 

Apprentice to (1) Charles Steuart ; and (2) Francis Walker. — Eldest son of Charles 
Steuart, W.S. Born 1st October 1802. Died 21st September 1886. Mar. 27th 
February 1827, Elizabeth Brand, eldest daughter of Archibald Scott, Solicitor, 
Edinburgh, and Procurator-Fiscal for Mid-Lothian. 

STEUART, JAMES. 15th July 1884. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Archibald Steuart, W.S. — Bom 7th September 
1860. Mar. 15th January 1890, Agatha, youngest daughter of Rev. Francis 
Coulman Royds, Rector of Coddington, Cheshire. 

STEUART, JOHN. 17th November 1701. 

Apprentice to Daniel Simpson. — Son of Charles Steuart of Ballechin, Perthshire. 
Died December 1750. Mar. Helen Steuart. Commissary of Moray. Fiscal, 
1717-22. Treasurer. Resigned his Commission 1st August 1747. 



192 THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 

STEUART, JOHN, of Dalguise. 7th June 1825. 

Apprentice to Harry Davidson. — Eldest son of Charles Steuart of Dalguise, 
Perthshire. Born 7th August 1799. Died 29th Decemher 1881. Mar. 6th 
April 1829, the Hon. Janet Oliphant Murray, eldest daughter of Alexander, 8th 
Lord Elibank. High Sheriff of Cape Colony, 1829. 

STEVEN, CHARLES BANNATYNE. 19th March 1888. 

Apprentice to Robert Burt Ranken. — Son of Charles Bannatyne Steven, Writer 
in Edinburgh. Born 8th September 1864. 

STEVEN, ROBERT. 12th November 1869. 

Apprentice to John Beatson Bell. — Son of Alexander Steven, Glasgow. Bom 
31st July 1839. Mar. 22d September 1870, Je.ssie, younger daughter of James 
Maxwell, Crossmichael. 

STEVENSON, ALEXANDER. 22d December 1686. 

Apprentice to James Johnston. — Died before 1698. Mar. 22d October 1676, 
Janet, fourth daughter of Quentin Hamilton of Banicluith, Lanarkshire. 

STEVENSON, ALEXANDER, of Montgreenan. llthMai-ch 1712. 

Apprentice to Thomas Pringle. — Son of Hugh Stevenson of Montgreenan, 
Ayrshire. Died 25th February 1755. Mar. 19th December 1711, Ann, third 
daughter of Sir Archibald Hope of Rankeillor, one of the Lords of Session. 
Treasurer of Society, 1722 and 1746-55. 

STEVENSON, ALEXANDER. 28th January 1803. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Second son of Alexander Stevenson, Depute- 
Clerk of Session. Died 6th July 1805. 

STEVENSON, ALEXANDER. 7th July 1807. 

Apprentice to John Campbell. — Son of Hugh Stevenson, Merchant in Oban. 
Died 30th September 1815. Mar. 29th August 1811, Martha, youngest daughter 
of James Pollock, Campbeltown. 

STEVENSON, ALEXANDER. 23d November 1819. 

Apprentice to John Forman. — Son of Thomas Stevenson, Farmer at Gilmerton. 
Bom 1794. Died 7th April 1877. Mar. 17th August 1824, Catherine, second 
daughter of Andrew White, Glasgow. 

STEVENSON, ARCHIBALD, of Montgreenan. 17th July 1755. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, Alexander Stevenson of Montgreenan, Ayrshire, 
W.S.— Died 13th July 1791. 

STEWART, ALEXANDER. 5th April 1716. 

Apprentice to Thomas Boyes. — Died before 1733. 
STEWART, ALEXANDER JAMES. 10th March 1842. 

Apprentice to John Bowie. — Son of Joseph Stewart Menzies of Foss, Perthshire. 

Born 13th November 1820. Died 8th March 1873, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 193 

STEWAET, CHARLES. 19th April 1876. 

Apprentice to J. 0. Mackenzie and "W. R Kermack. — Son of John Stewart of 

Eskgrove, Mid-Lothian, W.S. Born 2 2d September 1852. 
STEWAET, CHARLES CAMPBELL. 23d June 1817. 

Apprentice to John Ferrier. — Second son of Alexander Stewart, Surgeon at Gogar. 

Bwn 1794. Died 13th August 1836. Mar. 10th February 1826, Mary Henrietta, 

daughter of Andrew Wood, Surgeon in Edinburgh. 
STEWART, DAVID, of Stewarthall. 6th July 1768. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson, Sen. — Youngest son of Archibald Stewart of 

Stewarthall, Stirlingshire. Brn-n 1744. Died 2d May 1823. Mar. April 1772, 

Margaret, daughter of Robert Eamsay of Camno and Arthurstone, Forfarshire. 

STEWAET, FEANCIS. 16th February 1826. 

Apprentice to (1) Walter Dickson and George Dunlop; and (2) George Dunlop. 
— Son of General Francis Stewart King of Lesmurdie, Banffshire. Born 1801. 
Died at Paris, 23d September 1833, unmarried. 

STEWAET, LAN CHAELES LINDSAY. 15th July 1889. 

Apprentice to Alexander Howe and William Macgillivray. — Son of Colonel 
Duncan Stewart^ 92nd Highlanders. Born 8th September 1865. 

STEWAET, JAMES. 25th November 1672. 

Apprentice to William Guthrie. — Son of John Stewart of Fungorth, youngest 
son of Sir William Stewart of Grandtully, Perthshire. 

STEWAET, JOHN. 29th January 1705. 

Apprentice to William Dallas. — Died 12th August 1731. Mar. April 1707, Janet, 
daughter of Sir Eobert Blackwood, Dean of Guild, Edinburgli. 

STEWAET, JOHN, of Eskgrove. 29th June 1837. 

Apprentice to John Ker and Henry Gordon Dickson. — Youngest son of Charles 
Stewart, Captain of the Airly Castle, East Indiaman. Born 21st November 1813. 
Died 1st July 1890. Mar. 21st November 1851, Isabella, eldest daughter of 
James Hunter of Thurston, East Lothian. 

STEWAET, EOBEET. 

Signs Minute of 16th December 1594, 

STEWART, ROBERT, of Ardvorlich. 27th June 1822. 

Apprentice to James Dundas. — Eldest son of William Stewart of Ardvorlich, 
Perthshire. Born 25th August 1799. Died 16th July 1854, unmarried. 

STEWART, ROBERT, of Carphin. 27th June 1823. 

Apprentice to John Donaldson. — Son of James Stewart of Carphin. Born 1797. 
Died 25th May 1868. Mar. (1) 14th September 1826, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Andrew Pringle of Kersmains; and (2) 1st July 1841, Agnes, daughter of James 
Jeffrey, M.D., Professor of Anatomy in the University of Glasgow, 

2b 



194 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGXET 

STEWART, WALTER. 16th July 1661. 

Apprentice to William Henderson. — Son of John Stewart of Newhalls, Linlithgow- 
shire. Bkd before 1711. Mar. 28th July 1653, Helen Dowie. 

STEWART, WILLIAM. 21st March 1865. 

Apprentice to James Steuart. — Son of William John Stewart, W.S. Born 25th 
June 1840. Mar. 1st June 1875, Mary Harriet Binns, daughter of George 
Greaves. 

STEWART, WILLIAM JOHN. 12th December 1822. 

Apprentice to John Irving. — Fourth son of William Stewart of Hillhead. Bwn 
10th December 1798. Died 13th February 1842. Mar. 28th July 1835, Alison, 
daughter of Charles Steuart, W.S. 

STIRLING, JAMES, of Homehill. 18th November 1841. 

Apprentice to John Dundas and William Wilson. — Only Son of William Stirling, 
Architect in Dunblane. Born 27th May 1816. Died 31st August 1866. Mar. 
23d January 1844, Christian, daughter of David Erskine of Elambazar, Bengal. 

STIRLING, WILLIAM. 23d February 1680. 

Apprentice to John Cunningham. — Son of George Stirling, indweller in Glasgow. 
Died 21st February 1726. 3Iar. (1) Elizabeth Watson; and (2) April 1704, 
Margaret, sister of Robert Cathcart of Drumjoan, Ayrshire, and widow of Robert 
Crawfurd of Crawfurdton, W.S. Fiscal, 1686-90. 

STIRLING-GRAHAM, WILLIAM, of Duntrune. 12th June 1818. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie. — Only son of Patrick Stirling of Pittendreich, 
Merchant in Dundee. Born 12th June 1794. Died 19tli December 1844, un- 
married. Admitted Advocate 5th December 1823. Assumed name of Graham. 

STODART, DAVID RIDDLE. 21st February 1856. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, John Riddle Stodart, W.S. — Born 12th 
October 1832. Mar. 2d April 1861, Louisa Flora Wilhelmina, daughter of Peter 
Shepherd, Merchant, Quebec. 

STODART, GEORGE TWEEDIE, of Oliver and Holmeshaw. 2d December 1824. 

Apprentice to Francis Wilson. — Son of Thomas Stodart, Biggarsheils, Lanark- 
shire. Born 13th October 1799. Died 26th August 1869. Mar. 4th June 1833, 
Mary Wilson, daughter of Alexander Paul, Merchant in Birmingham. 

STODART, GEORGE TWEEDIE. 14th March 1867. 

Apprentice to, and third son of, George Tweedie Stodart, W.S. — Born 18th 
January 1841. Died 23d May 1882, unmamed. 

STODART, JOHN RIDDLE. 7th July 1815. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie. — Fifth son of Robert Stodart of Kailzie, Peebles- 
shire. Died 5th February 1871. Mar. 5th July 1826, Jemima Henrietta, 
seventh daughter of David Brown of Greenknowe, Stirlingshire. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 198 

STORIE, ANDREW. 2d December 1794. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Only son of Andrew Storie, Candlemaker in 
Edinburgh. Died 10th May 1862, aged 94. Mar. 3d February 1803, Penelope, 
daughter of Barclay Fyfe, Merchant in Leith. Treasurer, 1828-62. 

STRACHAN, FRANCIS. 24th November 1766. 

Apprentice to David Anderson. — Son of Arthur Strachan, Writer in Edinburgh. 

Died 20th December 1798. Mar. Katherine, daughter of Button, Merchant 

in Edinburgh. 
STRACHAN, JOHN, of Craigcrook. 5th November 1683. 

Apprentice to James Cheyne. — Died 21st April 1719. Mar. Jean Moodie. 

Fiscal, 1696-97. He mortified his lands of Craigcrook, Mid-Lothian, which he 

purchased in 1698, for certain charitable purposes. 

STRACHAN, ROBERT. 23d March 1796. 

Apprentice to Robert Hotchkis. — Second son of John Strachan, Merchant in 
Edinburgh. Born 1773. Died 23d April 1832. Mar. 11th March 1806, Janet, 
third daughter of Paul Darling of Bogangreen, Berwickshire. 

STRACHAN, THOMAS RENNY, of Tarrie. 19th November 1782. 

Apprentice to (1) Alexander Robertson ; and (2) William Leslie. — Youngest son 
of Thomas Renny, Merchant in Montrose. Died 20th October 1823. Mar. 20th 
December 1796, Harriet, daughter of Shadrach Moyse, Solicitor to the Board of 
Customs. 

STRANG, WILLIAM. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. 

STRATHERN, ROBERT. 14th March 1872. 

Apprentice to John and Henry Gordon Gibson. — Eldest son of Alexander 
Strathern, Sheriff-Substitute of Lanarkshire. Born 16th July 1839. Mar. 23d 
December 1867, Wilhelmina, daughter of Daniel Brown, Shipowner, Liverpool. 

STRATOUN, ARTHUR. 

Commissioner, 1st June 1607. Mar. 11th November 1606, Margaret Kincaid. 

STRATOUN, ARTHUR, of Snawdoun. 15th May 1629. 

Apprentice to James Stratoun. — Re-admitted 21st November 1661. Mar. (1) 
14th April 1630, Catherine Menteith; and (2) 26th April 1642, Bessie Purves. 

STRATOUN, JAMES, of Stratoun. 22d December 1610. 

Commissioner, 26th December 1627. Died before 1648. 

STRONG, THOMAS. 26th March 1857. 

Apprentice to (1) John Gibson ; and (2) Andrew Storie. — Son of Thomas Strong, 
Merchant, Leith. Born 1st September 1819. Died 14th January .1881, un- 
married. 



196 THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

STEUTHERS, JAMES. 7th July 1807. 

Apprentice to Thomas Adair. — Only son of John Struthers, Merchant in Strath- 
aven. Born 1st July 1776. Died 3d February 1841. Mar. 12th November 
1813, Marion, youngest daughter of James Carmichael, Douglas, Lanarkshire. 

STUAET, ANDREW, of Craigthorn and Castlemilk. 10th August 1759. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, Archibald Stuart of Torrence, Lanarkshire, 
W.S.— Diei^ 18th May 1801. Mar. October 1790, Margaret, fourth daughter of 
Sir William Stirling of Ardoch, Bart. Keeper of the Signet, 1777-79. Com- 
missioner for Trade and Plantations, 1779. M.P. for Lanarkshire, 1777-84 ; 
Weymouth, 1790-1801. Author of Genealogical History of ilu, Stewarts, 1798. 

STUART, ARCHIBALD, of Torrence. 9th January 1723. 

Apprentice to Hugh Somerville. — Seventh son of Alexander Stuart of Torrence, 
Lanarkshire. Died November 1767. Mar. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Andrew 
Myreton, Bart., of Gogar, Mid-Lothian. 

STUART, DAVID, of Duchra. ' 2d March 1804. 

Apprentice to John Hunter of Doonholm. — Son of Andrew Stuart, Maltster in 
Ayr. Died 11th March 1824. 

STUAET, JAMES, Younger of Dunearn. 17th August 1798. 

Apprentice to Hugh Robertson. — Eldest son of Dr. Charles Stuart, Physician 
in Edinburgh. Born 1775. Died 3d November 1849. Mar. 29th April 1802, 
Eleanor Maria Anna, only daughter of Dr. Robert Moubray of Cockairnie, Fife- 
shire. In 1822, having killed Sir Alexander Boswell of Auchinleck in a duel, 
he was tried for murder before the High Court of Justiciary, but was honour- 
ably acquitted. Afterwards Editor of The Courier newspaper and Inspector of 
Factories. Collector of Widows' Fund, 1818-28. 

STUART, JOHN, of Castleton. 18th June 1802. 

Apprentice to William Handyside. — Son of Dr. David Stuart, Physician in 
Aberdeen. Died 8th April 1815. Mar. January 1800, Isabella Wright. 

STUART, JOHN. 12th November 1868. 

Apprentice to (1) Edmund Baxter ; and (2) Frederick Pitman. — Son of William 
Stuart, Attorney in Exchequer. Born 15th August 1844. 3Iar. 28th September 
1875, Jessie Warren, eldest daughter of E«v. Thomas Mitchell, Minister of 
Oldhamstocks. 

STUART, JOSEPH GORDON. 21st July 1875. 

Apprentice to Robert L. Stuart and Harry Cheyne. — Son of Joseph Gordon 
Stuart, Manufacturer, Balgonie, Fife. Bom 31st December 1849. Mar. 6th 
June 1877, Moncrieff, only daughter of the Very Rev. Principal Leitch, Queen's 
College, Kingston, Canada. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 197 

STUAKT, ROBERT LAIDLAW. 13th November 1856. 

Apprentice to Henry Cheyne. — Youngest son of Alexander Stuart, Circuit Clerk 
of Justiciary. Bm-n 16th February 1832. Mar. (1) 15th October 1861, Maria 
Campbell Hill, daughter of Rev. George Anstey, Richmond, Surrey; and (2) 
I2th December 1887, Marie Louise, only daughter of Thomas Treloar of 
Plymouth. Circuit Clerk of Justiciary, 1863-69. Procurator-Fiscal for Mid- 
Lothian, 1869. 

STUART, WILLIAM. 10th March 1836. 

Apprentice to Thomas Corrie and David Welsh. — Son of Robert Stuart, Deputy 
Presenter of Signatures in Exchequer. Born 12th October 1810. Died 10th 
April 1881. Mar. (1) 13th July 1830, Charlotte, youngest daughter of William 
Douglas, Edinburgh ; (2) 21st June 1860, Isabella Rachel, youngest daughter of 
John Scotland, W.S. ; and (3) 31st March 1864, Helen, daughter of Peter Scott, 
Banker, and widow of John Erskine of Tenia w, Peeblesshire. Sheriff-Clerk of 
Peeblesshire, 1843. 

STURROCK, JAMES SILVESTER. 9th July 1883. 

Apprentice to (1) J. 0. Mackenzie, W. R. and John Kermack ; and (2) John 
Philp Wood. — Second son of Robert Sturrock, Banker, Dundee. Born 31st 
October 1853. Mar. 8th August 1881, Josephine Lucy Florence, second daughter 
of Lieutenant Benjamin Woolley, R.N. 

SUTHERLAND, ALEXANDER GORDON. 19th November 1829. 

Apprentice to Alexander Blair. — Son of Neil Sutherland, M.D., Aberdeen. Born 
16th January 1804. Died 25th October 1869, unmarried. 

SUTHERLAND, ALFRED. 12th April 1886. 

Apprentice to Henry Tod.^ — Fifth son of George Sutherland of Forse, Caithness. 
Born 4th February 1862. Mar. 26th August 1890, Helen Barbara, eldest 
daughter of R. D. Crawford. 0L^XJ X ^ XW, / J^ $"* 

SUTHERLAND, ANDREW, of Pitgradie. 6th December 1699. 

Apprentice to Robert Watson. — Died before 1715. Mar. 24th October 1702, 
Barbara, daughter of John Guthrie, W.S. 

SUTHERLAND, JAMES CUBBISTON. 3d July 1820. 

Apprentice to (1) A. L. Ramage and John Blair ; and (2) James Dundas. — Only 
son of Arthur Sutherland, of the island of Jamaica. 

SUTHERLAND, WILLIAM. 3d July 1828. 

Apprentice to Adam Gib Ellis. — Son of Josiah Sutherland, Merchant in Wick. 
Died 12th October 1853, aged 53, unmarried. 

SUTTIE, GEORGE 11th December 1699. 

Apprentice to John Cunningham. — Lied March 1701. 



198 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

SUTTIE, JOHN. 30th June 1741. 

Apprentice to Hew Crawford. — Second son of Sir James Suttie of Balgone, Bart. 
Died 23d August 1764. 

SWAN, JAMES. 8th July 1806. 

Apprentice to Hamilton BelL — Son of George Swan, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Died 1841, aged 58. Mar. 27th April 1807, Sarah, daughter of Benjamin Bartlet, 
Storekeeper, Edinburgh Castle, and widow of William Buchanan of Auchmar, 
Stirlingshire. 

SWAN, WILLIAM. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. Died April 1623. Mar. 29th April 1604, 
Marion Fithie. 

SWINTON, AECHIBALD. 1st August 1788. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson, Sen. — Third son of John Swinton of Swinton, 
one of the Senators of the College of Justice. B(yrn 1762. Died 2 2d April 1840, 
unmarried. Eeporter of Cases before High Court of Justiciary, 1835-40. 

SYDSEEFF, JOHN. 14th January 1634. 

Apprentice to James Kinnear. 

SYM, JAMES PITCAIEN. 24th January 1878. 

Apprentice to (1) Eobert Dobbie Eoss ; and (2) John Eoss. — Son of William Sym, 
residing in Edinburgh. Born 1st June 1853. Mar. 2d August 1883, Elizabeth 
Leslie, only daughter of Eev. John Watt, Minister of Fetteresso. 

SYM, EOBEET. 30th November 1775. 

Apprentice to Eobert S3nne, his uncle. — Second son of Andrew Sym, Merchant 
in Glasgow. Born 29th February 1752. Died 2d April 1845, unmarried. 

SYME, JAMES GOEDON. 8th October 1883. 

Apprentice to (1) Charles Morton and John Neilson; and (2) T. D. Brodie and 
J. G. C. Brodie. — Son of James Syme, Merchant in Edinburgh. Bom 10th July 
1854. Mar. 20th October 1887, Nellie, second daughter of Donald Macgregor 
of Ardgartan, Argyllshire. 

SYME, JOHN, OF Barncailzie. 31st January 1750. 

Apprentice to Thomas Goldie.— Only son of Alexander Syme, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Died 6th June 1790. Mar. (2) Mary Eavenscroft. 

SYME, JOHN, OF Cartmore. 10th July 1794. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson, Jun. — Eldest son of David Syme of Cartmore. 
Died 19th June 1821. Mar. 20th October 1795, Barbara, daughter of James 
Spottiswoode of Dunipace, Stirlingshire. 

SYME, EOBEET. 4th August 1735. 

Apprentice to Hew Crawford. — Third son of John Syme, Merchant in Glasgow. 
Died 21st November 1780. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 199 

SYME, THOMAS. 23d June 1820. 

Apprentice to Harry Davidson. — Son of James Syme of Northfield, East Lothian. 
Born 5th November 1795. Died 28th November 1869, unmarried. 

TAIT, ADAM DUNCAN. 15th July 1889. 

Apprentice to John Kirk. — Son of the Rev. Walter Tait of St. Madoes. Born 
20th December 1863. 

TAIT, ALEXANDER. 9th July 1756. 

Apprentice to (1) John Hay; and (2) George Balfour. — Son of Alexander Tait, 
Merchant in Edinburgh. Died 8th July 1781. Mar. Janet, third daughter of 
William Blair of that Ilk. Substitute-Keeper, 1744-62. Principal Clerk of 
Session, 13th November 1760, till death. 

TAIT, CRAUFURD, of Harvieston. 10th December 1789. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Tait of Harvieston, Clackmannanshire. — Born 
1765. Died 2d May 1832. Mar. 17th June 1796, Susan, fourth daughter of 
Sir Hay Campbell of Succoth, Bart., Lord President of the Court of Session. 
Father of His Grace Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

TAIT, DAVID WARDLAW BROWN. 24th October 1879. 

Apprentice to Sir John Gillespie and Thomas Paterson. — Son of James Tait of 
Langrigg, Berwickshire, W.S. Bom 21st October 1855. 

TAIT, JAMES, OF Langrigg. 14th November 1839. 

Apprentice to George TumbuU. — Son of James Tait of Edenside, Kelso. Born 
3d June 1816. Mar. 24th April 1849, Elizabeth Moir, daughter of James 
Stormonth Darling of Lednathie, Forfarshire, W.S. 

TAIT, JAMES. 17th November 1859. 

Apprentice to John Gibson. — Second son of John Renny Tait, Baker in Edin- 
burgh. Born 16th November 1836. Died about 1882, unmarried. 

TAIT, JAMES CAMPBELL. 27th June 1823. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, Craufurd Tait of Harvieston, W.S. — Born 1st 
November 1798. Died 17th January 1879, unmarried. 

TAIT, JOHN, OF Harvieston. 8th March 1763. 

Apprentice to William Eraser of Ford.— Eldest son of Thomas Tait of Buthlaw, 
Aberdeenshire. Died 11th March 1802. Mar. March 1764, Charles, daughter 
of Thomas Murdoch of Cumloden, Kirkcudbrightshire. 

TAIT, JOHN. 16th November 1781. 

Apprentice to John Tait. — Son of George Tait, Tenant in Redbog. Died 29th 
July 1817. Mar. 16th September 1782, Margaret, daughter of Peter Edgar of 
Bridgelands, Mid-Lothian. Judge of Police, 1805-12. 



200 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

TAIT, JOHN, OF Pirn. 7th July 1808. 

Apprentice to Archibald Gibson. — Eldest son of William Tait of Pirn, Mid- 
Lothian. Bom 1783. Died 12th December 1838. Mar. 23d March 1819, Harriet, 
eldest daughter of Archibald Hepburn Mitchelson of Middleton, Mid-Lothian. 

TAIT, JOHN, ieriius. 17th May 1811. 

Apprentice to, and son of, John Tait, W.S.— J5ora 1786. Died 29th March 1832, 
unmarried. 

TAIT, JOHN CRAUFUED. 19th July 1855. 

Apprentice to James Campbell Tait. — Eldest son of John Tait, Advocate, Sheriff 
of Clackmannan and Kinross. Born. 31st August 1825. Mar. 7th December 
1863, Maria Louisa Mann. 

TAWSE, ANDEEW, of Nether Leaston. 22d June 1819. 

Apprentice to Charles Tawse, his brother. — Youngest son of John Tawse, Writer 
in Edinburgh. Born 22d October 1788. Died 13th July 1851. 3Iar. 28th March 
1822, Margaret, fourth daughter of Alexander Bonar of Ratho, Mid-Lothian. 

TAWSE, CHAELES. 7th July 1808. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Eldest son of John Tawse, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Born 1785. Died 22d October 1826. Mar. 16th September 1817, 
Sarah Harriet, only daughter of John Connell of Carlisle. 

TAWSE, JOHN, OF Nethek Lkaston. 13th November 1849. 

Apprentice to Walter and John Cook. — Eldest son of Andrew Tawse of Nether 
Leaston, East Lothian, W.S. Born 20th April 1824. 

TAWSE, JOHN WARDROBE, of Stobshiel. 22d November 1838. 

Apprentice to Andrew Tawse. — Eldest son of John Tawse of Stobshiel, East 
Lothian, Advocate. Born 21st September 1813. Died 9th July 1887, unmarried. 

TAYLOE, GEOEGE. 26th June 1832. 

Apprentice to James Macdonell. — Son of Robert Taylor, Writer in Tain. Born 

20th October 1808. Died 1st October 1864. Mar. 3d August 1841, Robina, 

daughter of Alexander Smart of Cononsyth, Forfarshire. 
TAYLOR, JAMES, of Pitcairlie. 9th June 1698. 

Apprentice to John Cunningham. — Mar. 6th March 1701, Catherine, daughter of 

John Menzies of Cammo, Mid-Lothian, Advocate. 

TAYLOR, JAMES, of Pitcairlie. 4th August 1731. 

Apprentice to, and son of, James Taylor of Pitcairlie, Fifeshire. — Resigned his 
Commission, 5th August 1778. Died 1784. Mar. July 1751, Margaret Balfour, 
relict of James Callander, Writer, Edinburgh. 

TAYLOR, JAMES PRINGLE. 12th January 1885. 

Apprentice to Donald Beith and Andrew Forrester. — Son of the Rev. James 
Taylor, D.D. Born 6th September 1851. Mar. 11th February 1886, Annie, 
youngest daughter of Charles Thornton, Leeds. 



LIST OF MEMBERS i 801 

TAYLOR, JOHN, of Blackhouse. " 20th July 177&. 

Apprentice to Alexander Mackenzie. — Son of the Rev. William Taylor, Minister 
of New Deer. Died 30th January 1810. 

TAYLOR, WILLIAM. 5th March 1840. 

Appi'entice to William Scott, W. C. Balderston, and John Scott— Son of Robert 
Taylor of Broomlands. Bmi 28th July 1817. Died 2d July 1888, unmairied. 

TENNENT, PATRICK. 23d May 1808. 

Apprentice to Archibald Gibson. — Third son of Robert Tennent, Brewer in Glas- 
gow. Born 1782. Died 18th December 1872. Mar. 27th April 1812, Margaret, 
youngest daughter of Hugh Lyon of Wester Ogle, J'orfarshire. 

THOMSON, ALEXANDER. 26th May 1818. 

Apprentice to David Thomson and Robert Fleming. — Son of David Thomson, 
W.S. Died October 1867. Mar. (1) 12th July 1819, Ann, eldest daughter of 
Charles Hay, Edinburgh; and (2) 24th December 1832, Eliza, daughter of Robert 
Burn, Architect in Edinburgh. 

THOMSON, ANDREW, of Kinlooh. 2d June 1809. 

Apprentice to Robert Hill.^ — Son of Andrew Thomson of Kinloch, Fifeshire. 
Died at Saratoga, U.S.A., 19th August 1831. Mar. 20th February 1818, Barbara, 
youngest daughter of James Hiuiter of Sea.side and Glencarse, Perthshire. 

THOMSON, ANDREW. 23d June 1820. 

Apprentice to John Russell. — Son of John Thomson of Priorletham, Fifeshire. 
Died in Florida, 14th July 1841, aged 52, unmanned. 

THOMSON, DAVID. 12th March 1788. 

Apprentice to John Syme. — Son of Alexander Thomson, Accountant of Excise. 
Died 28th Febraary 1837, aged 73. Mar. 

THOMSON, DAVID, of Holkkettle and Orkie. 19th June 1812. 

Apprentice to Robert Hill. — Son of John Thomson of Holekettle, Fifeshire. Born 
1784. Died 12th January 1853. Mar. 25th May 1829, Lilias, eldest daughter 
of Milner, Boghall. 

THOMSON, EDWARD PETER. 20th October 1885. 

Apprentice to Robert Russell Simpson. — Son of the Rev. Edward Anderson 
Thomson, Minister of Free St. Stephen's Church, Edinburgh. Born 8th June 
1861. Mar. 31st January 1889, Mary Lamond Haig, second daughter of William 
Lindsay Christie, Assistant Keeper General Register of Sasines, Edinburgh. 

THOMSON, FRANCIS. 16th August 1671. 

Apprentice to William Thomson, his brother. — Son of William Thomson of 
• • Augustoun. 

420 



202 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

THOMSON, GEORGE MONRO. 21st October 1874. 

Apprentice to James Lindesay, Jun. — Son of the Rev. John Thomson, Minister 
of Balmerino, Fife. Born 12th February 1851. 

THOMSON, JAMES, of Bogie. 21st November 1777. 

Apprentice to James Chalmers. — Son of John Thomson, Merchant in Cupar. 
Died 25th October 1831, aged 82. Mar. 24th July 1809, Helen, daughter of 
Patrick Moncrieff of Reidie, Fifeshire. 

THOMSON, JOHN. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606, and the Acts 26th December 1627. 

THOMSON, JOHN, of Charlton. 15th October 1706. 

Apprentice to Robert Carstairs. — Difd December 1738. Mar. 28th January 1709, 
Rachel, daughter of John Brymer of Edrom, Berwickshire. 

THOMSON, THOMAS. 6th March 1834. 

Apprentice to (1) Sir James Gibson-Craig; and (2) John Dundas and William 
Wilson. — Son of John Thomson, Cashier of the Royal Bank, Edinburgh. Born 
11th June 1807. Dkd 6th July 1877. Mar. 8th July 1851, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Alexander Cleghorn, Inspector of Imports and Exports for Scotland. 

THOMSON, WILLIAM. 29th June 1661. 

Apprentice to Robert Alexander.— Son of William Thomson, Portioner of 
Angustoun. Died March 1693. Mar. 7th November 1664, Margaret Young. 
Lyon-Depute, 1666. 

THOMSON, WILLIAM. 9th February 1681. 

Apprentice to, and only son of, William Thomson, W.S. — Died 12th January 
1708, aged 56. Mar. September 1698, Jean, daughter of John Mason, Merchant, 
Edinburgh. 

THOMSON, WILLIAM. 19th March 1888. 

Apprentice to T. E. 0. Home, Thomas Home, and David Lyell. — Son of Andrew 
Thomson of Mainhill, Roxburghshire. Born 19th May 1864. 

THOMSON, WILLIAM GIBSON. 20th December 1827. 

Apprentice to Sir James Gibson-Craig. — Second son of John Thomson, Merchant 
in Edinburgh. Died 25th January 1832, aged 28, unmarried. 

THORBURN, KENNETH MACKENZIE. 18th June 1829. 

Apprentice to Thomas Corrie and Thomas Welsh. — Son of the Rev. AYilliam 
Thorburn, Minister of Traquair. Died 1852, aged 47, unmarried. 

THORBURN, THOMAS. 5th July 1821. 

Apprentice to John Russell. — Son of Thomas Thorburn, Tanner in Dumfries. 
Born 1797. Died 30th July 1872. Mar. 7th May 1861, Margaret Johnston. 



LIST OF MEMBEkS 20^ 

THRfiSHIE, DAVID SCOTT. 16th November 1819. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Son of Kobert Threshie of Earnbarroch, Writer in 
Dumfries. Bam 1796. Died 18th November 1878. Mar. (1) 1816, Jean, eldest 
daughter of John Crawford, Merchant in Leith ; (2) 9th Febniary 1829, Penelope 
Gordon, widow of Patrick Duff of Carnousie; and (3) 6th June 1854, Eliza 
Bird, youngest daughter of Charles Ray Martin, Bengal Civil Service. 

TINNING, JOHN. 16th June 1796. 

Apprentice to John Macnab. — Son of Francis Tinning, Tobacconist in Glasgow. 
Died 15th December 1808. 

TOD, ALEXANDER. 20th February 1834. 

Apprentice to, and second sou of, John Tod, W.S. — Burn 23d June 1810. Died 
8th November 1883, unmarried. 

TOD, ARCHIBALD, of Drygrange. 3d July 1781. 

Apprentice to, and eldest sou of, Thomas Tod, W.H.—Bom 31st May 1758. Died 

20tli April 1816. Mar. 1st February 1802, Elizabeth, third daughter of Sir 

James Pringle of Stichell, Bart. 
TOD, GEORGE. 

Mar. Margaret Porteriield, who died about 1635. 
TOD, HENRY. 11th December 1823. 

Apprentice to John Campbell, Jun. — Son of Henry Tod, Merchant in Edinburgh. 

Died 31st October 1871, aged 73. Mar. 4th June 1832, Isabella, daughter of 

James Blyth. 
TOD, HENRY. 17th January 1861. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Henry Tod, W'.ii.—Bont 19th March 1836. 3Iar. (1) 

2d June 1869, Margaret, second daughter of Robert Walker, Hillside, Portlethen ; 

and (2) 19th April 1877, Margaret Louisa, daughter of John Moir, M.D., 

Edinburgh. 
TOD, HEW. ' ' 

Mentioned loth November 1633. 
TOD, HUGH. 17th November 1814. 

Apprentice to James Robertson. — Son of William Tod, Factor to the Duke of 

Gordon. Born 1780. Died 3d October 1857, immarried. 
TOD, JAMES, OF Deanston. 29th November 1820. 

Apprentice to David Wemyss. — Son of James Tod, sometime Merchant at Bo'ness, 

and afterwards at Hope Park, Edinburgh. Died 26th March 1858. Mar. 27th 

July 1830, Susan, daughter of James Mercer of Scotsbank, Selkirkshire. 
TOD, JOHN. 5th May 1796. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Thomas Tod, W.S. — Boi-n 9th March 1773. Died 

24th December 1856. Mar. 9th April 1808, Helen, daughter of Alexander Duff 

of Hatton, Aberdeenshire. 



204 THE SOCIETY OF WKITEKS TO THE SIGNET 

TOD, JOHN ROBERT. 16th November 1837. 

Apprentice to, and thiid son of, John Tod, W.S. — Bmn 14th February 1814. 
Died 29th July 1856. Mar. 17th August 1841, Jemima, youngest daughter of 
Richard Wharton Duflf of Orton, Elginshire. 

TOD, JOHN WHARTON. 27th May 1869. 

Apprentice to Thomas Graham Murray.— Only son of John Robert Tod, W.S. 
Bom 10th April 1845. Mar. 5th October 1869, Margaret Mary, second daughter 
of John Ord Mackenzie of Dolphinton, W.S. 

TOD, THOMAS, of Drygrangk. 3d February 1755. 

Apprentice to Samuel Mitchelson. — Second son of Archibald Tod, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Born 6th December 1726. Died 5th December 1800. Mar. November 
1755, Jean, daughter of James Gartshore, W.S. 

TOD, WILLIAM. 20th December 1821. 

Apprentice to Roger Aytoun. — Second son of William Tod, Surgeon in Lanark. 
Died 27th November 1866, aged 70, unmarried. 

TRAIL, ANTHONY. 7th July 1829. 

Apprentice to John Irving. — Son of Thomas Trail, Merchant in Montrose. Died 
27th September 1866, aged 64. Mar. 

TRAIL, JOHN, ARBUTHNOTT, of Woodwigk, LL.B. 14th November 1872. 

Apprentice to Patrick Dalmahoy and John Cowan.- — Son of the Rev. Samuel 
Trail, D.D., Minister of Harray and Birsay, afterwards Professor of Systematic 
Theology in the University of Aberdeen. Born 23d June 1846. 

TRAQUAIR, WILLIAM. 13th November 1834. 

Apprentice to James Pedie. — Son of William Traquair, Builder in Edinburgh. 
Bmn 1st May 1810. 

TRAQUAIR, "WILLIAM. 27th June 1878. 

Apprentice to William Traquair, his uncle. — Son of Ramsay Heatley Traquaij-, 
Farmer at Colinton. Bm-n 23d November 1851. Mar. 11th June 1884, Cecilia 
Ross, only daughter of William Munro of Marchbank, Mid-Lothian. 

TROTTER, GEORGE. 

Third son of Robert Trotter, of Catchelraw, lived to a great age, and died about 
1640. 

TROTTER, GEORGE. 3d January 1634. 

Apprentice to John Leaiinonth. — Mar. Jean, daughter of Mr. William King, 
Minister of Cramond. 

TROTTER, JOHN. 10th March 1664. 

Apprentice to George Trotter, his uncle. — Died May 1672. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS ^ '"^^'' 206 

TROTTER, ROBERT, of Castlelaw and The Bush. 8th August 1774. 

Apprentice to John Syme. — Eldest son of Archibald Trotter, Merchant in Edin- 
bui-gh. Died 3d July 1807. Mar. 1787, Ann, only daughter of John Trotter of 
Castleshiels, Berwickshire. Postmaster of Scotland, 1802-7. 

TROTTER, THOMAS. 26th June 1789. 

Apprentice to David Steuart. — Fourth son of Thomas Trotter of Mortonhall, 
Mid-Lothian. Died 26th April 1837. 

TROTTER, THOMAS, ok Dewar. 18th December 1823. 

Apprentice to William Bell. — Son of Young Trotter of Broomhouse, Berwickshire. 
Died 16th December 1848, unmarried. 

TURNBULL, DAVID. 24th February 1809.^ 

Apprentice to Roger Aytoun. — Fifth son of Patrick Turnbull, Fanner in Myles. 
Boi-n 1781. Died 21st September 1854. Mar. 27th September 1813, Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Logan of New Edrom, Berwickshire. 

TURNBULL, DAVID. 19th July 1872. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hamilton and George Thomas Kiunear. — Only son of 
Patrick Turnbull, W.S. Bom 24th May 1847. Mar. 1st December 1871, Mary, 
daughter of Allan Gilmour of Lundin and Montrave, Fifeshire. 

TURNBULL, GEORGE, of Balglassie. 1st June 1696. 

Apprentice to Henry Graham. — Di^d 11th January 1726. Mar. Catherine Garden. 

TURNBULL, GEORGE, of Dalladies. 25th June 1733. 
Apprentice to Harry Maule. — Died 30th April 1760. Mar. Jean . 

TURNBULL, GEORGE, of Abbey St. Bathans. 8th February 1816. 

Apprentice to John Renton.— Eldest son of John Turnbull of Abbey St. Bathans, 
Berwickshire. Died 26th February 1855, aged 62. Mar. 15th August 1817, 
Grace, youngest daughter of James Brunton of Lugton, Bridgend, Mid-Lothian. 

TURNBULL, GEORGE GILLON. 15th July 1885. 

Apprentice to John Turnbull, his uncle. — Eldest son of James Turnbull, W.S. 
Born 6th September 1858. 

TURNBULL, JAMES. 12th November 1857. 

Apprentice to John Turnbull. — Second son of George Turnbull, W.S. Bom 12th 
August 1828. Drowned off Aberdour 12th May 1887. Mar. (1) 17th November 
1857, Mary Ann, youngest daughter of William Downe Gillon of Wallhouse, 
Linlithgowshire; and (2) 29th January 1867, Jane, daughter of John Corse Scott 
of Sinton, Roxburghshire. 

TURNBULL, JOHN, of Abbey St. Bathans. 18th November 1841. 

Apprentice to, and eldest son of, George Turnbull, W.S. — Born 3d March 1820. 



206 THE SOCIETY OE WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

TURNBULL, PATRICK. 20th November 1845. 

Apprentice to, and son of, David Turnbull, W.S. — Bam 14th August 1815. Mar. 
28th July 1846, Martha, daughter of John Ord of Muirhouselaw. 

TURNER, JOHN, of Turnerhall. 9th July 1824. 

Apprentice to Francis Brodie and George Imlach. — Eldest son of Keith Turner of 
Tvimerhall, Aberdeenshire. Bmii 22d July 1796. Died 2d August 1834. Mar. 
23d September 1820, Elizabeth Helen, youngest daughter of Captain William 
Urquhart, 30th Regiment. 

TVVEEDIE, JOHN. 23d November 1795. 

Apprentice to Andrew Hamilton. — Son of James Tweedie, Tenant in Dreva, 
Peeblesshire. Died 18th March 1847, aged 80, unmarried. Keeper of the 
Minute-Book of Court, 1830-47. 

T5fNT0, JAMES. 18th May 1649. 

Died April 1655. Mar. 15th August 1644, Catherine Dick. 

TYRBET, OR TARBET, JOHN. 
Mentioned 1606. 

TYTLER, JAMES. 24th November 1774. 

Apprentice to, and second son of, WilUam Tytler, W.S. — Died 20th July 1778. 

TYTLER, JAMES, of Woodhouselee. 8th March 1803. 

Apprentice to Richard Hotchkis.— Second son of Alexander Eraser Tytler of 
Woodhouselee, Mid-Lothian, one of the Senators of the College of Justice. Borti 
9th October 1780. Dieil 10th October 1862. Mar. 12th August 1810, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Maurice Carmichael of Eastend, Lanarkshire. Lyon-Depute, 2d June 
1827. Crown Agent, 1829-32, 1834-35, 1841-46, 1852-53. 

TYTLER, JAMES STUART ERASER, of Woodhouselee, LL.D. 8th Nov. 1849. 

Apprentice to, and eldest surviving son of, James Tytler of Woodhouselee, W.S. 
—Barn 5th August 1820. Mar. 8th August 1850, Mary Elizabeth, only child of 
Alexander Blair, Treasurer of Bank of Scotland. Professor of Conveyancing in 
the University of Edinburgh, 28th May 1866. 

TYTLER, JAMES WILLIAM ERASER. 27th July 1881. 

Apprentice to A. Howe, J. S. Tytler, and W. Macgillivray. — Son of James Stuart 
Eraser Tytler, W.S. Born 28th February 1854. Mar. 28th July 1883, Christian 
Alice Scott, daughter of William Scott-Ken- of Sunluws, Roxburghshire. 

TYTLER, WILLIAM, of Woodhouselee. 5th October 1742. 

Apprentice to William Forbes. — Son of Alexander Tytler, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Born 12th October 1711. Died 12th September 1792. Mar. 1745, Anne, 
daughter of James Craig of Costerton and Dalnair, W.S. Treasurer, 1788-92. 
Author of An Inquiry, Historical and Critical, into the Ecidencc produced hy the Earls 
of Moray and Morton agaiiist Mary Queen of Scots, 1760, and other, works. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 807 

UEE, GEORGE INNES. 1st July 1822. 

Apprentice to Alexander Dallas. — Second son of James Ure, Collector of Customs 
at Alloa. Bwn 1796. Died 31st January 1843, unmarried. 

URE, JAMES, OF Shirgartoun. 18th December 1701. 

Apprentice to John Cuningham. — Son of James Ure of Shirgartoun, Perthshire, 
a noted Covenanter. Died before 1743. 

URE, MASTERTON. 2d July 1799. 

Apprentice to J. A. Higgins.— Fourth son of the Rev. Robert Ure, Minister of 
Airth. Died 1863, aged 87, unmarried. M.P. for Weymouth, 1813-32. 

URMSTON, CHARLES HANSON. 18th March 1889. 

Apprentice to Matthew M. Bell.— Son of Captain William Brabazon Urmston, 
R.N. Bmi 1st May 1862. 

URQUHART, H. 

Signs the Acts 4th April 1607. 

URQUHART, LEONARD. 14th July 1735. 

Apprentice to Robert Dalrymple of Dreghom. — Died 7th December 1786. 

URQUHART, WILLIAM. 19th December 1767. 

Apprentice to, and son of, Leonard Urquhart, W.S. — Difd January 1783. 

USHER, JOHN. 17th January 1822. 

Apprentice to John Tod. — Eldest son of Thomas Usher, Farmer at Courthill, 
Roxburghshire. Died 29th March 1864, aged 70, unmarried. 

VEACHE, OR WAITCHE, HENRY. 

Signs Acts 26th December 1627. Mar. 30th January 1628, Geilles Archibald. 

VEITCH, GEORGE, of Ratho Bank. 21st December 1809. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston. — Only son of George Veitch, Architect in Edin- 
burgh. Born 1787. Died 16th October 1826. Mnr. 13th July 1811, Mary, 
daughter of John Pitcaim of Pitcairns, Perthshire. 

VEITCH, JOHN. 28th June 1827. 

Apprentice to Thomas Richardson. — Third son of Henry Veitch of Eliock, one 
of the Commissioners of H.M. Customs for Scotland. Bm-n 12th September 1802. 
Died 12th March 1830, unmarried. 

VEITCH, THOMAS LOUGHNAN. 11th July 1833. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hunter. — Fourth son of Henry Veitch of Eliock, Dum- 
friesshire. Born 29th July 1804. Di^d 6th February 1841, unmarried. 

VEITCH, WILLIAM, of Eliock. 13th December 1723. 

Apprentice to John Frank. — Son of Alexander Veitch of Lyne, Merchant and 
Burgess of Peebles. Bom 2d January 1671. Died 25th October 1747. Mar. 
Christian, daughter of Gavin Thomson, Provost of Peebles. 



208 THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET 

WADDELL, ALEXANDER PEDDIE, of Balquhatston. 18th December 1856. 

Apprentice to, and son of, James Peddie, W.S. — Born 19th August 1832. Mm: 
6th September 1864, Georgina Catherine, eldest daughter of George Waddell, 
W.S., of Balquhatston, Stirlingshire, whose name he assumed. 

WADDELL, GEORGE, of Ballochnie and Balquhatston. 17th November 1815. 

Apprentice to (1) John Tinning; and (2) J. A. Higgins. — Eldest son of George 
Waddell of Ballochnie, Lanarkshire. Died 10th March 1850, aged 62. Mar. 1st 
October 1844, Elizabeth Gaston, eldest sur\'iving daughter of John Brand 
Ralston, of Glenellrigg, Stirlingshire. 

WADDELL, WILLIAM, of Easter Moffat. 14th June 1814. 

Apprentice to (1) John Tinning ; (2) Masterton Ure. — Youngest son of George 
Waddell of Ballochnie. Bffrn 15th November 1788. Died 14th March 187G. 
Mar. 19th August 1829, Margaret, eldest daughter of Archibald Campbell ol 
Melfort, Argyllshire. Solicitor to Board of Ordnance. 

WADDELL, AVILLIAM N. 10th February 1825. 

Apprentice to John K. Campbell and Andrew Clason. — Son of James Waddell, 
Writer in Edinburgh. Died 3d September 1834 aged 33, unmarried. Resident 
Magistrate at Albany, Cape Colony. 

WALKER, FRANCIS. 

See Drummond, Sir Francis Walker. 

WALKER, JAMES, of Dalry. 2d July 1771. 

Apprentice to Thomas Tod. — Third son of Francis Walker of Mainshill, East 
Lothian. Died 9th May 1817. Mat: (1) 13th July 1780, Jane Hay, third 
daughter of Richard Newton of that Ilk ; and (2) 21st October 1797, Marion 
Ann, daughter of Dr. Jolin Hope, Professor of Botany in the Univereity of Edin- 
burgh. Principal Clerk of Session, 15th November 1803, till death. 

WALKER, JAMES. 7th July 1824. 

Apprentice to John Tod. — Only son of Alexander Walker, residing in Edinburgh. 
Died 20th May 1881. Mar. 19th November 1838, Ann Sophia, daughter of 
John Reade of Halbrooke House, Suffolk. 

WALKER, JAMES. 25th June 1829. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hunter. — Eldest son of James Walker, Captain in the 
East India Company's Service. Died 8th February 1831. 

WALKER, JOHN. 29th June 1838. 

Apprentice to William Scott, G. L. Finlay, and W. C. Balderston. — Son of 
William Walker, of Jamaica. Bom 12th November 1815. Died 27th October 
1879. Mar. 9th June 1853, Margaret, daughter of Francis Maxwell of Gribton, 
Dumfriesshire. .... . . 



LIST OF MEMBEES 209 

WALKER, ROBERT, of Wooden. 28th June 1787. 

Apprentice to Alexander Keith. — Eldest son of Adam Walker of Wooden, 
Roxburghshire. Died 18th July 1825. Mar. 

WALKER, WILLIAM, of Daffmiln and Pitlair. 23d November 1795. 

Apprentice to Alexander Abercromby. — Son of James Walker of Daffmiln, Fife- 
shire. Died 10th June 1845, aged 80. Mar. 17th April 1798, Magdalen, eldest 
daughter of the Rev. William Walker, Minister of Collcssie, Fifeshire. 

WALLACE, ANDREW. 28th June 1736. 

Apprentice to Robert FuUarton. — Died 10th October 1764. Mar. 26th November 
1758, Janet, daughter of James Law of Brunton. 

WALLACE, ARTHUR CHARLES. 24th October 1879. 

Apprentice to W. J. Menzies and H. J. Coventry. — Son of George Wallace, 
Solicitor in Fraserburgh. Bmii 18th May 1853. Died 5th January 1884, 
immarried. 

WALLACE, EBENEZER. 11th July 1832. 

Apprentice to John Renton and Joseph Grant. — Son of James Wallace, Gimmaker 
in Edinburgh. Bmi 9th April 1807. Died 31st July 1884. Mar. 2d December 
1846, Isabella, youngest daughter of Ralph Hardie, Currie House, Borthwick. 

WALLACE, EDWARD. 17th January 1683. 

Apprentice to John Alexander. — Mar. 19th April 1682, Euphan Mure. 

WALLACE, HUGH, of Inglistoun. 10th March 1664. 

Apprentice to (1) John Rowan ; and (2) William Hunter. — Son of William Wallace 
of Mainholm. Died 4th February 1724. Mar. (1) 4th August 1665, Margaret, 
daughter of Scott of Bavelaw, Mid-Lothian; and (2) Mary Sym. Fiscal, 
1671-78. Aid-Lieutenant of the College of Justice Company that proceeded 
against rebels in the West. His Majesty's Cash-keeper. M.P. for Kirkcudbright 
Stewartry, 1685-86; Kintore, 1689-93. 

WALLACE, JAMES CLERK. 15th November 1838. 

Apprentice to John and Wilb'am Home. — Son of Alexander Wallace of Auchin- 
vole, Dumbartonshire. Bm-n 16th June 1813. Died 23d March 1881. Mar. 
27th August 1839, Margaret Sommerville, third daughter of Marcus Smith, 
Surgeon, 51st Regiment. 

WALLACE, ROBERT. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. Died 1660. 

WALLACE, ROBERT, of Holmstone. 29th January 1701. 

Apprentice to Robert Craufurd of Craufurdstoun. — Eldest son of John Wallace of 
Holmstone, Ayrshire. Born 19th June 1670. Died 24th March 1762. Mar. 
17th January 1693, Elizabeth, daughter of William Crichton, Sheriff-Depute of 
Ayr. Commissary of Wigtown. Sheriff-Depute of Ayrshire, 1737. 

2d 



«« THE SOCIETY OE WEITERS TO THE SIGNET 

WALLACE, EGBERT, of Sauciirie. 25th February 1723. 

Apprentice to Robert Wallace of Holmstone. — Son of Robert Wallace of Cairnhill, 
Ayrshire. Baptized 9th February 1693. Z)i«i February 1767. Jfan 4th April 
1723, Anne, eldest daughter of Patrick Fullarton, younger of Fullarton, Ayr- 
shire. Fiscal, 1729-32. 

WALLACE, ROBERT PATERSON, of Holmstone. 30th August 1736. 

Apprentice to Robert Wallace of Holmstone, his uncle. — Died 11th December 
1779, aged 71. Mar. Elizabeth Houston. 

WALLACE, ROBERT WALKER. 18th July 1877. 

Apprentice to James Peddie and Alexander Peddie Waddell. — Son of Andrew 
Wallace, Coalmaster, Dunfermline. Born 28th April 1853. Mar. 17th August 
1881, Mary Parker, only daughter of Rev. J. T. Willoughby of Leamington. 

WALLACE, THOMAS WATT. 21st July 1875. 

Apprentice to Ebcnezer Wallace, his uncle. — Son of George Wallace, Merchant 
in Leith. Born 19th December 1849. 

WALLACE, WILLIAM. 8th December 1808. 

Apprentice to Thomas Grierson. — Son of Captain Thomas Wallace of Newton, 
Ayrshire. Dkd 22d February 1864, aged 79. Mar. 8th March 1824, Zelica 
Cheshire, widow of Lieutenant Donald Grant. 

WALTON, JOHN WILLIAM JACKSON. 11th April 1887. 

Apprentice to George Dunlop. — Son of William Roger Walton, residing at 
Murraybank House, Murrayfield. Bm-n 28th February 1863. 

WAEDLAW, DAVID. 13th November 1856. 

Apprentice to James Thomson Gibson-Craig. — Eldest son of David Brown 
Wardlaw of Gogarmount, Mid-Lothian, H.E.I.C.S. Bom 15th June 1831. 

WAEDLAW, JOHN. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. Died before 1610. 

WARDLAW, JOHN FLEMING. 11th December 1828. 

Apprentice to WUliam Renny. — Son of David Wardlaw, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Born 1806. Dkd 4th May 1871. Mar. 27th November 1832, Ann Macnab, 
eldest daughter of Andrew Stevens, S.S.C. Was a Clergyman in Cumberland. 

WARDEOP, JAMES CHARLES. 14th July 1879. 

Apprentice to William Wilson.— Son of Maitland Wardrop, Architect in Edin- 
burgh. Born 2d August 1854. Mar. 19th December 1884, Elizabeth Evelyn, 
second daughter of J. T. Hopwood, M.P. of Ketton Hall, Rutland. 

WAERENDEE, HUGH. 8th May 1798. 

Apprentice to John Davidson. — Second son of George Warrender of Bruntsfield, 
Edinburgh. Died 8th June 1820. Deputy-Keeper of the Signet, 1797-20. 
Crown Agent, 1800-20. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 211 

WATKINS, JOHN. 23d January 1818. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Youngest son of Thomas Watkins, Merchant in 
Linlithgow. Died 4th March 1858, aged 64. Mar. 23d March 1831, Isabella, 
daughter of William Clark of East Woodside. 

WATSON, ANDEEW, ov Bridgecastle. 30th January 1798. 

Apprentice to (1) Kobert Donaldson ; and (2) Charles Young. — Only son of James 
Watson of Bridgecastle, Writer in Linlithgow. Died 27th October 1837, aged 68. 
Mar. 7th August 1809, Harriet, daughter of John Maxwell of Cardoness, Kirk- 
cudbrightshire. 

WATSON, ANDEEW, of Torsonce. 18th November 1858. 

Apprentice to Adam Hay and Eobert Pringle. — Son of Hugh Watson, W.S., of 
Torsonce, Mid-Lothian. Born 3d August 1830. Died 21st January 1867. Mar. 
19th July 1853, Camilla Ottlie, daughter of Henry Bate, of Broomfield Place, 
Ealing, Middlesex. 

WATSON, DAVID, of Saughton. 1st June 1655. 

Apprentice to Harry Osburn. — Treasurer, 1662-82. Died December 1685. Mar. 
Isabel Keltic. Ee-admitted 15th February 1661. 

WATSON, GEOEGE. 

Died before 1660. Lyon-Clerk, 1630. Mar. Catherine Nisbet. 

WATSON, GEOEGE. 25th June 1829. 

Apprentice to James Greig. — Son of George Watson, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Bm-n 17th September 1807. Died 24th April 1889. Mar. 14th September 1837, 
Ellen Mary, daughter of the Eev. Thomas Hattam Wilkin.sou, Clerk in Holy Orders. 

WATSON, GILBEET. 17th August 1798. 

Apprentice to James Hay and Thomas Manners. — Son of David Watson, Banker, 
Glasgow. Died 1837. 

WATSON, GEAHAM GILBEET. 18th April 1877. 

Apprentice to C. Mackenzie, A. D. M. Black, and J. M. Mackenzie. — Fifth son of 
James Watson, Manager of the Scottish Provident Institution. Born 20th 
September 1854. 

WATSON, HUGH, of Toesonck 19th November 1797. 

Apprentice to Allan Macdougall. — Eldest son of Samuel Watson, Writer in Edin- 
burgh. Died 3d November 1834, aged 62. Mar. (1) 19th April 1813, Mary 
Crichton, daughter of James Kyle, Architect, Edinburgh ; and (2) 3d March 1825, 
Elizabeth Andrevna, only daughter of Andrew Watson of Petrosavodsk, Eussia. 

WATSON, JAMES. 26th November 1770. 

Apprentice to Eobert Jamieson. — Son of John Watson, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Bm-n 28th June 1747. Died 30th September 1805. Mar. (1) 25th March 1788, 
Nicolas, daughter of Thomas Buchan of Auchmacoy, Aberdeenshire; and (2) 13th 
June 1795, Isabella, daughter of Alexander Milne, Merchant in Leith. 



■'■i.\ 



sit THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

WATSON, JAMES, of Inchyka. 10th December 1829. 

Apprentice to Robert Eamsay. — Second son of James Watson, Merchant in 
Dundee. Born 2d May 1805. Mar. 14th November 1838, Helen, eldest daughter 
of John Guthrie, Banker, Brechin. 

WATSON, JAMES STUART. 18th March 1889. 

Apprentice to Henry Tod. — Son of the Rev. William Watson, U.P. Minister, 
Forres. Bmn 1st May 1861. 

WATSON, JOHN. February 1739. 

Son of David Watson, Writer in Edinburgh. Died 5th November 1762. Mar. 
November 1741, Isabel, daughter of David Mudie, Merchant in Montrose. 
Substitute-Keeper, 1746-62. He mortified his means and estates to charitable 
purposes, and from these funds the Institution in Edinburgh called by his name 
was erected and endowed. 

WATSON, ROBERT. 5th January 1678. 

Apprentice to William Chieslie. — Died November 1699. Mar. Margaret Peebles. 
Keeper of the Signet, 20th February 1699. 

WATSON, THOMAS. 7th January 1734. 

Apprentice to (1) John Inglis; and (2) John Stewart. — Died 14th January 1751. 

WATSON, THOMAS WILLIAM. 14th July 1890. 

Apprentice to C. B. Logan, J. W. Moncreiff, and G. G. Soote. — Son of John 
Watson of Eamock. Bom 31st October 1864. 

WATSON, WILLLAM, of Pilmuir. 3d December 1729. 

Apprentice to (1) John Inglis; and (2) John Lumsdaine. — Died 18th October 
1758. Mar. Isabella Robertson. 

WATSON, WILLIAM. 10th July 1820. 

Apprentice to Andrew Storie. — Son of William Watson, Farmer at Liberton 
Mains. Born 1795. Died 12th May 1887. Mar. 22d September 1830, Marion, 
daughter of John Weir. Sheriff-Substitute at Aberdeen, 1829-66. 

WATT, ADAM. 27th May 1629. 

Apprentice to David Anderson. — Died about 1664. 

WATT, GEORGE 24th February 1825. 

Apprentice to John and Alexander Smith. — Onlj' son of George Watt of Old 
Deer. Died 6th September 1832, aged 31, unmarried. 

WAUCHOPE, ANDREW. 14th November 1839. 

Apprentice to Andrew Smith. — Eldest son of George Wauchope, Wine Merchant 
in Leith. Bm-n 20th May 1817. Mar. 24th April 1844, Anne Montagu Scott, 
daughter of John Boyd of Broadmeadows, Selkirkshire. 



??. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS T 2.1& 

WAUCHOPE, JOHN. 24th June 1774. 

Apprentice to John Mackenzie of Delvine. — Youngest son of Andrew Wauchope 
of Niddry, Mid-Lothian. Born 1751. Died 10th February 1828. Mar. Ann 
Cockbum, daughter of Colonel Charles Craigie Halkett, of the Dutch Service. 

WAUCHOPE, PATRICK HAMILTON DON. 29th October 1888. 

Apprentice to George Dalziel. — Third son of Sir John Don Wauchope, Bart., of 
Edmonstone, Mid-Lothian. Bm-n 1st May 1863. 

WAUGH, JOHN JAMES, B.L. 28th October 1889. 

Apprentice to J. O. Mackenzie, H. Cheyne, and John Kermack. — Son of Robert 
Somerville Waugh, Edinburgh. Born 4th March 1864. 

^VEBSTER, FRANCIS. 18th November 1830. 

Apprentice to Messrs. Campbell and Arnott. — Sixth son of the Rev. John Webster, 
Minister of Inverarity. Bm-n 4th November 1804. Died 12th September 1888. 
Mar. 27th November 1833, Jane, daughter of Captain E H. Adams, 55th Regiment. 

WEBSTER, GEORGE. 29th November 1821. 

Apprentice to John A. Campbell. — Son of the Rev. John Webster, Minister of 
Inverarity. Boi-n 28th March 1800. Died 19th August 1882. Mar. 20th 
September 1836, Margaret Isabella, daughter of Alexander M'Callum of Hanover. 
Jamaica. Sheriff-Clerk at Forfar, 1854-82. 

WEDDERBURN, GEORGE. 30th January 1840. 

Apprentice to Walter Cook. — Second son of Right Hon. James Wedderburn, 
Solicitor-General for Scotland. Born 25th March 1817. Died 1st May 1865, 
unmarried. 

WEDDERBURN, JOSEPH ROBERT MACLAGAN. 18th October 1876. 

Apprentice to Robert Craigie Bell. — Son of the Rev. James Maclagan, D.D., 
Professor of Divinity in the Free Church College, Aberdeen, and Mrs. K. Maclagan 
Wedderburn of Pearsie, Forfarshire. Born 16th October 1850. 

WEIR, JAMES. 9th May 1668. 

Apprentice to John Semple. — Son of James Weir, Teuementar Burgess of 
Hamilton. Died 1687. Mar. December 1671, Marjory Barclay. 

WEIR, MATTHEW. 9th July 1816. 

Apprentice to William Inglis. — Eldest son of James Weir, Baker in Leith. Dud 
27th August 1856, aged 68. Mar. Nth March 1823, Janet, eldest daughter of 
William Spottiswoode, Claywhat, Perthshire. >\ .-^11 

WEIR, THOMAS. 9th July 1818. 

Apprentice to John Miuray. — Second son of Thomas Weir, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Dkd 2d June 1849, aged 57. Mar. 13th December 1822, Lilias Gray, second 
daughter of John Orr, Edinburgh. 



«t4 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

WELSH, DAVID, of Collin. 31st Jauuary 1812. 

Apprentice to James Gilchrist. — Son of Kobert Welsh of Collin, Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Died 23d May 1857, aged 68. Mar. 20th February 1824, Margaret, 
daughter of Colonel Andrew Koss, 21st Eegiment. 

WELSH, HENEY. 29th June 1786. 

Apprentice to John Syme. — Son of John Welsh, Tenant in Morton Mains. Died 
1821. 

WELSH, JOHN. 3d July 1770. 

Apprentice to Andrew Stuart.— Only son of James Welsh, Goldsmith in Edin- 
burgh. Mar. 23d April 1772, Primrose, only daughter of Woodroff Gascoigne. 
Eesigned his Commission 13th June 1779. 

WELSH, JOHN. 16th November 1812. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie. — Third son of William Welsh of Mossfennan, 
Peeblesshire. DM 5th June 1843, aged 57, unmarried. Sheriff-Clerk of 
Peeblesshire, 1820-43. 

WEMYSS, DAVID, of Pitkenny. 21st June 1787. 

Apprentice to James Walker. — Second son of Alexander Wemyss of Pitkenny. 
Physician in Kirkcaldy. Died 14th May 1839. Mar. 25th October 1799, Agnes, 
daughter of James Lindsay, Merchant in Leith. 

WEMYSS, DAVID. 26th January 1854. 

Apprentice to J. M. Melville, J. F. Walker Drummond, and James Lindesay. — 
Second son of James Wemyss of Wemyss Hall, Fifeshire. Bom 1st January 
1830. Mar. 10th August 1859, Marie, daughter of Colonel De Waldisch, Schaff- 
hausen, Switzerland. 

WEMYSS, Sir JAMES, of Bogie, Bart. 23d May 1820. 

Apprentice to Eobert Jamieson. — Eldest son of the Eev. James Wemyss, Minister 
of Burntisland. Bom 11^2. />?«(<? 31st December 1849, unmarried. Succeeded 
his kinsman as 4th Bart. Depute-Cerk of Session, 16th January 1844 till death. 

WEMYSS, WILLIAM. 8th March 1763. 

Apprentice to (1) Andrew Hay ; and (2) Eobert Grant. — Eldest son of John 
Wemyss, Tacksman of Mains of Aberdour. Died 29th April 1802. Mar. Eobina, 
daughter of James Hamilton of Olivestob, East^Lothian. 

AVHIGHAM, DAVID, of Cornlee. 22d November 1827. 

Apprentice to Alexander Goldie. — Son of Eobert Whigham of Hallidayhiil, 
Dumfriesshire. Born 1803. Died 16th October 1882, unmarried. 

WHIGHAM, GEOEGE, of Hallidayhill. 20th January 1825. 

Apprentice to James Little. — Eldest son of Eobert Whigham of Hallidayhill, 
Dumfriesshire. Died 9th January 1842, aged 51. Mar. 5th August 1816, Jane, 
daughter of Eobert Anderson, Strawquhan, Dumfriesshire. 



LIST OF MEMBEES 215 

WHITE, ANDKEW. Uth January 1889. 

Apprentice to Hew Hamilton Crichton. — Son of Andrew White, Solicitor, Cum- 
nock. £mi 10th March 1865. 

WHITE, JOHN. 22d February 1813. 

Apprentice to John Mowbray. — Son of Gilbert White, Tailor in Edinburgh. 
Died 25th April 1820, aged 34. 

WHITE, ROBERT. 13th December 1827. 

Apprentice to William Young. — Son of Adam White, Merchant in Leith. Bmn 
16th August 1802. Died 9th June 1886. Mar. 3d June 1852, Anne Reid, 
daughter of Thomas Macmillan Fogo, M.D. Author of Treatise on the Knowledge 
Necessary to Amateurs in Pictures, translated from the French 1845, and other works. 

WHYT, BAIN. 10th March 1789. 

Apprentice to Robert Jamieson. — Son of John Whyt, Maltster in Halkirk, 
Caithness. Died 26th December 1818, aged 71. 

WHYTE OR QUHYTE, ANTHONY. 

Commissioner, 8th November 1609. Brother of Robert Whyte of Dowald. Died 
August 1634. Mar. 7th September 1613, Katherine Kinloch. Clerk to the 
Incorporations of Chirurgeons. Writer to the Prince, March 1620. 

WIGHT, ALEXANDER. 4th July 1783. 

Apprentice to James Chalmers. — Son of James Wight, Farmer, Duncrahill, East 
Lothian. Died 22d February 1829. Mar. (1) Jane, daughter of William 
M'Onochie, Wright in Edinburgh; and (2) 22d September 1826, Catherine, 
second daughter of Sir James Campbell of Aberuchill, Bart. 

WIGHT, DAVID. 2d July 1829. 

Apijrentice to Charles Campbell Stewart. — Second son of David Wight of 
Ormiston. Died 15th June 1860, unmarried. 

WIGHT, JOHN. 9th July 1819. 

Apprentice to (1) John Dundas; and (2) Hugh James RoUo. — Son of Claud 
Wight, of the Customs, Leith. Die(? 14th May 1836, aged 43. Mar. 

WIGHTMAN, JAIVIES CULLEN SETON. 21st July 1875. 

Apprentice to John M. Liudesay and Alexander Howe. — Son of James Seton 
Wightman of Courance, Dumfriesshire. Born 6th December 1850. Died 10th 
March 1883, unmarried. 

WILKIE, GEORGE, of Buidgerheugh. 7th March 1705. 

Apprentice to John Wilkie, his brother. — Mar. 12th November 1708, Jean, 
daughter of Thomas Rutherford of that Ilk. 

WILKIE, JAMES. 26th November 1829, 

Apprentice to Alexander Pearson. — Son of John Wilkie, residing at Tannadice, 
Forfarshire. Died 6th April 1834, aged 40, unmarried. 



216 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

WILKIE, JOHN. 12th June 1637. 

Apprentice to Alexander Douglas. — Be-admitted 21st November 1661. 

WILKIE, JOHN. 12th June 1693. 

Apprentice to George Dallas. — I>ied 26th May 1704, aged 34. 

WILLIAMS, Rev. HAMILTON JOHN. 5th June 1823. 

Apprentice to James and Donald Home. — Son of Robert WilUams of Ceme 
Abbas, Dorset. Born 1797. Died 13th December 1879. Mar. Margaret, 
daughter of Thomas Taunton of Wrackleford, Dorset. Vicar of Buckland 
Dinham, Somerset. 

WILLIAMSON, DAVID. 10th March 1803. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston. — Son of George Williamson, Messenger in 
Edinburgh. Died 1833. 

WILLIAMSON, DAVID. 29th May 1828. 

Apprentice to Thomas Corrie and David Welsh. — Only son of Thomas 
Williamson, Writer in Dumfries. Born 1805. Died 21st July 1843, unmarried. 

WILIJAMSON, ROBERT. 1609. 

WILLIAMSON, THOMAS. 1st December 1683. 

Apprentice to John Alexander, Sen. — Died about 1696. Mar. Jean Young. 

WILSON, CHARLES. 21st November 1867. 

Apprentice to Charles Morton. — Son of John Wilson, Farmer at Tochineal, 
Banffshire, Factor for the Earl of Seafield. Born 7th March 1842. 

WILSON, DAVID. 28th June 1821. 

Apprentice to Sir James Gibson-Ci-aig. — Second son of John Wilson of Transy, 
Fifeshire. Died 31st May 1830. 

WILSON, FRANCIS of Croglin. 6th December 1804. 

Apprentice to Sir Henry Jardine.— Son of Ebenezer Wilson, Bookseller in 
Dumfriesshire. Bom 1779. Died 15th March 1831. Mar. Janet Dove. 

WILSON, HENRY. 

Son of Robert Wilson, of the city of Dieppe, sometime Merchant in Edinburgh, 
deprived 27th October 1609, for not keeping an " open buith." 

WILSON, BUTTON. 27th June 1839. 

Apprentice to James Hope, Jun.— Son of James Wilson, residing in Edinburgh. 
Bom 25th June 1815. Died 8th July 1854, unmarried. Depute SherifiF-Clerk of 
Mid-Lothian, 1843-54. 

WILSON, JAMES. 

Signs the Acts 26th December 1627. Mar. Janet Coupar. 



LIST or MEMBEES 217 

WILSON, JAMES. 1st July 1825. 

Apprentice to William Patrick. — Son of John Wilson, Vintner in Beith. Died 
16th December 1836, aged 39, unmarried. 

WILSON, JAMES. 14th November 1833. 

Apprentice to William Kenny. — Son of James Wilson, Sherifif-Clerk of Mid- 
Lothian. Bom 16th August 1809. Died 10th June 1866, unmarried. 

WILSON, JOHN COLIN. 23d May 1820. 

Apprentice to Thomas Cranston and George Veitch. — Second son of the Rev. 
John Wilson, Minister of Lesmahagow. Died 27th December 1837, aged 42. 
Mar. 29th May 1822, Jane Ewart, daughter of Thomas Peat, W.S. 

WILSON, PATRICK. 5th January 1654. 

WILSON, PATRICK. 18th December 1834.- 

Apprentice to William Young. — Son of Robert Wilson of Bowfield. Born 6th 
December 1809. Died 3d June 1885, unmarried. 

WILSON, PETER. 21st May 1829. 

Apprentice to Donald Home. — Son of William Wilson, Banker in Thurso. Died 
11th May 1852, aged 46, unmarried. Commissary Clerk of Caithness, 1839-52. 

WILSON, ROBERT SYM. 8th February 1816. 

Apprentice to John Terrier. — Fourth son of John Wilson, Merchant in Paisley. 
Bom 6th March 1792. Died 7th May 1868. Mar. 26th May 1813, Eliza, 
daughter of James Penny of AiTad, Lancashire, Merchant, Liverpool. 

WILSON, THOMAS. 19th July 1872. 

Apprentice to James Hope and Robert Mackay. — Bom 30th October 1835. Died 
7th June 1878. Mar. 23d June 1864, Margaret Eweu. 

WILSON, WILLIAM. 2d October 1697. 

Apprentice to James Henderson. — Born 1667. Died 16th January 1727. Mar. 
29th August 1706, Jean, second daughter of James Crokat, Merchant, Edinburgh. 

WILSON, WILLIAM, of Howden. 15th January 1739. 

Apprentice to Alexander Hay. — Eldest son of John Wilson, Bachelor of 
Humanity in Edinburgh. Died 18th June 1787, aged 77. Mar. (1) 3d January 
1732, Mary Campbell; and (2) 24th June 1757, Margaret, daughter of Thomas 
Young, Merchant in Edinburgh. 

WILSON, WILLIAM. 12th July 1779. 

Apprentice to William Wilson. — Only son of Alexander Wilson, Hosier in 
Glasgow. Died 1st March 1783. 

2 K 



218 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET 

WILSON, WILLIAM. 1st July 1808. 

Apprentice to, and third son of, William Wilson of Howden, W.S. — Born 22d 
September 1767. Died 5th July 1821. Mar. 2d August 1803, Cecilia, daughter 
of John Gardiner, Merchant in London. 

WILSON, WILLIAM. 20th December 1827. 

Apprentice to (1) Ralph James Dundas ; and (2) James Dundas. — Eldest son of 
William Wilson, W.S. Bffrn 9th December 1805. Died 8th July 1880. Mar. 
(1) 4th June 1845, Louisa, daughter of Cohn Mackenzie of Portmore; and (2) 
23d November 1876, Caroline, daughter of John Dundas, W.S. Deputy-Keeper 
of the Great Seal, 1846-52. 

WILSON, WILLIAM BOLDEN. 12th January 1885. 

Apprentice to William Wilson, his uncle, and Ralph Dundas. — Son of Admiral 
Thomas WDson, C.B. Bom 22d October 1860. 

WINCHESTER, WILLIAM GRANT LUMSDEN. 10th May 1879. 

Apprentice to Charles Baxter. — Son of James Webster Winchester, LL.D., 
Deputy Inspector General of Hospitals, Bombay Army. Born 31st January 
1855. Clerk to the Admission of Notaries, 1888. 

WISH ART, ANDREW, LL.B. 12th April 1887. 

Apprentice to John Patrick Wright.^ — Son of John Wishart, Manager, Grange 
Distillery, Burntisland. Born 25th August 1859. 

WISHART, ARCHIBALD. 13th November 1817. 

Apprentice to Robert Dundas. — Son of William Thomas Wishart of Foxhall. 
Born 1786. Died 7th August 1853. Mar. 14th July 1836, Brodie Gordon, 
daughter of Rev. Dr, James Simmie, Minister of Rothiemay. Deputy-Keeper of 
the Register of Sasines. 

WISHART, PATRICK, of Foxhall. 9th July 1802. 

Apprentice to James Balfour. — Fourth son of William Thomas Wishart of 
Foxhall, Linlithgowshire. Bcrrn 25th June 1776. Died 26th November 1831. 
Mar. 23d March 1807, Margaret, second daughter of Alexander Robertson of 
Prenderguest, Berwickshire. 

WOOD, Sir ALEXANDER, K.C.M.G. 8th March 1796. 

Apprentice to John Wauchope. — Second son of Alexander Wood, Surgeon in 
Edinburgh. Died 18th March 1847. Mar. Christian, eldest daughter of Sir 
William Forbes of Pitsligo, Bart. Secretary, Ionian Islands. 

WOOD, ALEXANDER. 30th November 1850. N 

Apprentice to Anderson an 1 Trotter. — Son of Alexander Wood, Advocate. Bom 
25th May 1821. Died Slst May 1852, unmarried. 



LIST OF MEMBERS «1» 

WOOD, ARTHUR BENJAMIN CART WRIGHT. 13th April 1885. 

Apprentice to Donald Beith and Andrew Forrester. — Son of Thomas Wood, 
sometime Provost of Portobello. Born 24th June 1860. 

WOOD, GEORGE JOHN. 18th April 1877. 

Apprentice to T. G. Murray and J. A. Jamieson. — Fourth son of Andrew Wood, 
M.D., LL.D., Edinburgh. Bffm 9th September 1853. Mar. 21st July 1887, 
Mary Balfour, eldest surviving daughter of William Robertson of Auchinroath, 
Elginshire, and granddaughter of the Hon. Lord Ardmillan. 

WOOD, JOHN GEORGE. 5th March 1829. 

Apprentice to John Tod. — Eldest son of John Philip Wood, Auditor of Excise, 
Edinburgh. Born 5th April 1804. Died 14th September 1865. Mar. 16th 
October 1846, Margaret, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel George Cadell, H.E.I.C.S. 

WOOD, JOHN PHILIP. 29th June 1871. 

Apprentice to Patrick Dalmahoy and John Cowan. — Eldest son of John George 
Wood, W.S. Bm-n 12th September 1847. Mar. 12th April 1882, Margaret 
Ellinor, daughter of Hugh Lyon Tennent, Advocate. 

WOODMAN, JAMES LINNING. 21st November 1833. 

Apprentice to Michael Linning. — Eldest son of Dr. James Woodman, Physician 
at Bognor, Sussex. Bom 27th September 1811. Died 1st February 1856. 
Mar. 1st March 1854, Ursilla Katherine, eldest daughter of William Bruce of 
Symbister, Shetland. 

WORDSWORTH, SAMUEL. 5th March 1829. 

Apprentice to (1) Archibald Crawford ; and (2) Peter Couper. — Son of Samuel 
Wordsworth, residing in Nottingham. Died 24th November 1855, aged 50. Mar. 
21st November 1844, Frances, third daughter of Robert Young, G.P.O. 

WORMALD, JOSEPH DAWSON. 5t!i June 1862. 

Apprentice to John Hope.— ^ww 4th March 1830. Died 29th March 1883. 
Mar. Mary Anderson. Struck off list of Society 21st June 1876. 

WOTHERSPOON, JOHN. 23d November 1827. 

Apprentice to John M'Kean and James A. Cheyne.— Son of William Wotherspoon, 
Accountant in Edinburgh. Died 1852, aged 51, unmarried. 

WOTHERSPOON, ROBERT ALEXANDER. 13th March 1849. 

Apprentice to Andrew Hill. — Son of William Wotherspoon of Hillside, S.S.C. 
Bm-n 1826. Died 11th April 1851, unmarried. 

WRIGHT, JAMES. 7th July 1807. 

Apprentice to Sir James Gibson-Craig. — Eldest son of Rev. John Wright,. 
Minister of Scone. Died 21st March 1864, aged 81, unmarried. 



««0 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

WEIGHT, JOHN. 15th June 1837. 

Apprentice to James Wright. — Eldest son of the Eev. George Wright, Minister 
of Kingsbarns. Born 26th September 1814. Died 2(i November 1888. Mar. 
17th October 1865, Jane, second daughter of John Eutherford Greig of Lethangie, 
Kinross-shire. 

WEIGHT, JOHN PATEICK. 24th March 1873. 

Apprentice to John Dundas and William Wilson. — Son of James Wright, 
Secretary, Eoyal Bank of Scotland. Born 6th October 1846. Mar. 4th June 
1872, Anna, only daughter of Bethune James Walker Morison of Falfield, Fifeshire. 

WEIGHT, EOBEET. 22d November 1832. 

Apin-entice to William Young. — Son of John Wright, Builder in Edinburgh. 
Born 14th February 1807. Died 15th August 1846, unmarried. 

WEIGHT, THOMAS GUTHEIE. 23d November 1802. 

Apprentice to Eichard Hotchkis. — ^Youngest son of Charles Wright, Bookseller 
in Edinburgh. Died at Paris 1st September 1849, aged 72. Mar. 22d March 
1809, Mary, youngest daughter of Professor John Hill, University of Edin- 
burgh. Auditor of Court of Session, 1806-49. 

WYLD, EOBEET STODAET, of Gilston, LL.D. 12th December 1833. 

Apprentice to Adam Gib Ellis. — Eldest son of James Wyld of Gilston, Merchant 
in Leith. Bom 16th April 1808. Mar. (1) 9th October 1838, Isabella Georgina, 
daughter of Lieutenant- Colonel Maxwell, of the Belgic Service; and (2) 1st 
November 1844, Margaret, third daughter of Walter Gibson Cassels, Edinburgh. 
Author of The Philosophy of the Senses and other works. 

WYLIE, ALEXANDER 21st February 1856. 

Apprentice to William Waddell. — Fourth son of William Wylie, residing at 
Paparthills, Shotts, Lanarkshire. Born 1st January 1828. Mar. 25th September 
1866, Janet, eldest daughter of Patrick Jamieson, Merchant in Edinburgh. 

WYLIE, DAVID. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. Mar. Mariota, daughter of Eichard Colville, 
Burgess of Edinburgh. 

WYLIE, JAMES, of Annatfield. 22d November 1799. 

Apprentice to Thomas Grierson. — Only son of James Wylie of Cockrigg, Mid- 
Lothian. Died 20th April 1831. Mar. 21st July 1812, Elizabeth, youngest 
daughter of William Macfarlane, W.S. 

WYLIE, WILLIAM. 

Signs the Minute of 16th December 1594. Died before 1621. 

WYNEAM, GEOEGE, of Overgogak. 

Son of Eobert Wynram of Overgogar. Eetoured heir .to his father, 1610. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 221 

WYNRAM, OR WINRAHAM, JAMES. 1st April 1684. 

Apprentice to James Hay. — Mar. Agnes Auchinleck. Sheriflf-Clerk at Duns, 1692. 

WYNRAM, ROBERT. 

Died 15th January 1628. Mar. 24th December 1612, Maria, daughter of William 
Kellie, W.S. 

WYNRAME, JAMES. 

Signs Minute of 17th January 1606. Mar. Janet Swinton. Keeper of the Signet 
before 1616. 

YEAMAN, ALEXANDER. 15th July 1885. 

Apprentice to Alexander Howe, James S. Tytler, and William Macgillivray. — 
Son of John Yeaman, Junior, Forfar. Bmn 2d March 1852. Mar. 12th October 
1882, Susan Christina Ursula, daughter of Colonel John W. Auld, H.ELC.S. 

YORSTOUN, WILLIAM GRIERSON, of Garroch. 16th May 1815. 

Apprentice to James Hope. — Son of Thomas Grierson of Garroch, Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Died 23d June 1851, aged 62. Mar. 1st August 1844, Emma, only 
daughter of William Parker of Sunderland. 

YOUNG, ALEXANDER, of Harburn. 7th March 1786. 

Apprentice to Alexander Orr, his uncle.— Only son of Rev. William Young, 
Minister of Hutton. Bmn June 1759. Died 3d December 1842. Mar. 6th May 
1789, Sophia, third daughter of William Bell of Guernsey. 

YOUNG, ALEXANDER KETTLE. 4th July 1809. 

Apprentice to James Laidlaw. — Second son of the Rev. Thomas Kettle, Minister 
of Leuchars. Bled, 30th August 1841, aged 59. Mar. 15th July 1833, Agnes, 
daughter of Henry Barrie, Farmer. Assumed the name . of Young by royal 
Ucence 30th December 1834. 

YOUNG, ANDREW, of Eastfield. 10th April 1661. 

Apprentice to Richard Guthrie. — Died before 1690. Mar. 28th April 1658, 
Euphan Yoole. Clerk to the Incorporation of Chirurgeons. Treasurer, 1682-86. 

YOUNG, CHARLES. 1st July 1790. 

Apprentice to Alexander Mackenzie. — Son of Francis Young, Acting Collector of 
Excise at Haddington. Died 18th January 1802. 

YOUNG, EBENEZER DENHOLM. 11th January 1887. 

Apprentice to Charles Baxter. — Son of Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Denholm 
Young, H.E.I.C.S. Bmn 21st August 1857. Mar. 20th December 1888, Jessie, 
second daughter of David Woodburn, M.D., Camlarg, Dalmellington. 

YOUNG, JAMES. 16th July 1888. 

Apprentice to James H. Jameson. ^.Bwn 8th July 1856. Mar. 26th July 1883, 
Margaret Welsh, only daughter of John Tumbull, Merchant, Edinburgh. 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 

YOUNG, JOHN, OF Harperdean. 

Commissioner, 16tli December 1594. Brother of Thomas Young of Leny, Mid- 
Lothian. Town-Clerk of Edinburgh. 

YOUNG, JOHN. 21st December 1786. . 

Apprentice to Alexander Orme. — Eldest son of the Eev. Thomas Young, Minister 
of Cupar-Fife. IXed 1828. 

YOUNG, JOHN WILLIAM. 22d July 1868. 

Apprentice to (1) William Young; and (2) Laurence Davidson. — Son of William 
Young, W.S. Bom 2d April 1836. 

YOUNG, ROBEKT HUNTER. 9th March 1843. 

Apprentice to Walter Duthie. — Fourth son of David Young of Cornhill, Aber- 
deen. Born 24th August 1820. Died 1st December 1851. Mar. 4th March 
1845, Isabella Sophia, only daughter of Ewan Evely Arthur, Merchant in London. 

YOUNG, THOMAS, of Cammo. 

Commissioner, 16th December 1594. Died before 1635. Mar. Isobel Bannatyne. 

YOUNG, THOMAS, of Leny. 

Died about 1654. Mar. Margaret, daughter of James Primrose, Clerk to the 
Privy Council. 

YOUNG, WILLIAM. 17th June 1816. 

Apprentice to John Tweedie. — Second son of Archibald Young, Surgeon in 
Glasgow. Died 22d April 1855, aged 59. Mar. 21st January 1820, Agnes, only 
daughter of James Gerard of Whitehaugh. 

YOUNG, WILLIAM. 

See Herries, William Young. 

YOUNGSON, ALEXANDER. 20th May 1794. 

Apprentice to John Taylor. — Son of Rev. Andrew Youngson, Minister of Aber- 
dour. Born 1767. Died 24th February 1849. 

YULE, JOHN. 26th May 1818. 

Apprentice to Alexander Duncan. — Second son of John Yule, Baker in Edin- 
burgh. Died 15th May 1851, aged 67. Mar. 11th June 1822, J. Morrison, fifth 
daughter of Robert Brown, Westbarns, East Lothian. 

YULE, JOHN. 6th March 1845. 

Apprentice to John Yule. — Eldest son of George Yule, Merchant in Edinburgh. 
Bom 18th March 1818. Died 17th April 1861, unmarried. 



LIST OF OFFICE-BEARERS 



LIST OF OFFICE-BEARERS 



THE LORD SECRETAEIES AND KEEPERS OF THE SIGNET 



1363-1365. 

1370 

1388 

1392-1400. 

1402-1404. 

1405 

1423 

1425 

1426 

1427 

1439-1440. 

1441 

1444-1448. 

1449-1452. 

1453 

1456-1458. 

1458-1459. 

1459-1462. 

1463-1493. 

1493-1503. 

1507-1517. 

1517 

1525-1526. 

1526-1542. 

1542. Jan. 

1542. Feb. 

1542 

1558. Dec. 

1573 

1583 

1591. Apr. 

1596. May 

1598. Jan. 



2. 



4. 



Walter, of Wardlaw, . 

John Lyon, 

Duncan Petit, 

Reginald, of Crawford, 

Walter Forster, . 

John of Crawford, 

Patrick Houstoun, Canon of Glasgow, 

John Cameron, Bishop of Glasgow, 

John, of Inverkeithing, 

William Fowlis, .... 

John Methven 

William Turnbull, 

John Raulston, Bishop of Dunkeld, 

Nicholas Otterburn, 

George Schoirswood, 

Thomas Vaus, Dean of Glasgow, 

John Arous, Archdeacon of Glasgow, 

George Liddell, 

Archibald Whitelaw, Archdeacon of Lothian, 

RiciLiRD Muirhead, Dean of Glasgow, 

Patrick Paniter, Abbot of Cambuskenneth, 

Thomas Hay, 

Patrick Hepburn, Prior of St. Andrews, . 

Thomas Erskine, of Halton (Sir T. E., of Brechin), 

David Paniter, Bishop of Ross, ... 

David Paniter and Henry Balnaves, 

David Paniter, 

Sir William Maitland, of Lethington, Yr., 

Robert Pitcairn Archdeacon of St. Andrews, 

Sir John Maitland of Thirlestane, 
22. Sir Richard Cockburn of Clerkington, 
28. John Lindsay of Balcarres, 

James Elphinstone, Lord Balmerino, . 



Excheq. liolls. 



Ads of Par. 
Exclieq. Bolls. 
Reg. Mag. Sig. 
Reg. Mag. Sig. 
Excheq. Rolls. 
Reg. Mag. Sig. 



Reg. Sec. Sig. 

Reg. Mag. Sig. 

»» 
Prim/ Council. 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 



Reg. Mag. Sig. 
"/ Date of Commission. 

1608. May. 

1609. 15th July. 
1612. 24th July. 

1626. 8th May. 

1627. 20th October. 

1630. 24th March. 

1640. 15th March. 

1640. 26th March. 

1644. January. 

1644. 22dJuly. 

1649. lOtli March. 



James, Lord Balmerino, and Sir Alexander Hay, of Newton. 

Sir Alexander Hay, of Newton. 

Thomas Hamilton, Earl of Haddington. 

Sir William Alexander, of Menstrie. 

Sir William Alexander, and Sir Archibald Acheson, of 

Glencairn. 
Sir William Alexander, and Sir Archibald Acheson. 
Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling. 
William, Earl of Lanark. 

William, Earl of Lanark, and Sir James Gaixoway. 
Sir Eobert Spott'eswood, of New Abbey. 
William, Earl of Lanark. (See Acts of Pari. "Vol. vi. i. 182.) 
William, Earl of Lothian. (Acts of Pari. Vol. vi. ii. 273.) 



[The Cominonwealth.'] 



1661. 19th January. 
1680. nth October. 
1682. 26th September. 
1685. 10th February. 

1690. 22d February. 

1691. 1st January. 

1692. 3d March. 
1696. 15th January. 
1696. 5th February. 

1699. 31st January. 

1702. 6th May. 

1702. 12th May. 

1702. 21st November. 

1704. 6th March. 

1704. Nth October. 

1705. 9th March. 

1705. 5th June. 

1705. 29th September. 

1706. 20th June. 
1708. 3d May. 



John, Duke of Lauderdale. 

Alexander, Earl of Moray. 

Alexander, Earl of Moray, and Charles, Earl of Middleton. 

Alexander, Earl of Moray, and John, Viscount Melfort. 

George, Earl of Melvillk 

George, Earl of Melville, and John, Master of Stair. 

George, Earl of Melville, and James Johnston. 

John, Lord Murray. 

John, Lord Murray, and James, Lord Deskford, afterwards 
Earl of Seafield. 

James, Earl of Seafield, and John, Earl of Hyndford. 

James, Earl of Seafield, and James, Duke of Queensberry. 

James, Earl of Seafield, and James, Duke of Queensberry. 

George, Viscount Tarbet, and James, Duke of Queensberry. 

John, Earl of Roxburghe. 

John, Earl of Roxburghe, and James, Earl of Seafield. 

John, Earl of Roxburghe, and William, Marquis of 
Annandale. 

Hugh, Earl of Loudoun, and William, Marquis of Annan- 
dale. 

Hugh, Earl of Loudoun, and John, Earl of Mar. 

Hugh, Earl of Loudoun, and John, Earl of Mar. 

John, Earl of Mar. 



LIST OF OFFICE-BEAEERS 



225 



Reg. Mag. Sig. 
Date of Commission. 

1709. 20th July. 

1710. 20th July. 
1710. 21st November. 

1713. 17th September. 

1714. 8th October. 

1715. 6th August. 

1716. 3d December. 
1725. 16th September. 

1727. 24th July. 

1730. 24th June. 

1741. 18th February. 



James, Duke of Queensberry, and Charles, Earl of 

sunderiand. 
James, Duke of Queensberry. 

James, Duke of Queensberry, and William, Lord Dart- 
mouth. 
John, Earl of Mar. 
James, Duke of Montrose. 

Charles, Viscount Townshend, and Rt. Hon. James Stanhope. 
John, Duke of Roxburghe. 
Thomas Holles, Duke of Newcastle, and Charles, Viscount 

Townshend. 
Thomas Holles, Duke of Newcastle, and Charles, Viscount 

Townshend. 
Thomas Holles, Duke of Newcastle, and William, Lord 

Harrington. 
John, Marquis of Tweeddale. 



[Office of Secretary of State for Scotland abolished 1746.] 



KEEPERS OF THE SIGNET 



1746. 10th November. 
1766. 4th December. 
1777. 6th February. 
1777. 3d March. 
1779. 23d June. 
1792. 10th August. 
1800. 26th May. 
1814. 13th August. 
1845. 12th December. 
1860. 22nd December. 
1862. 1st July. 

1878. 13th March. 

1879. 21st February. 
1890. 14th May. 
1890. 30th May. 



Andrew Fletcher, of Milton. 
Sir Gilbert Elliot, of Minto. 
John Mackenzie, of Delvine, interim. 

Rt. Hon. Henry Dundas, and Andrew Stuart, of Craigthorn. 
Right Hon. Henry Dundas. 
Right Hon. Henry Dundas, and Robert Dundas. 
Robert Dundas, Viscount Melville. 
Right Hon. William Dundas. 
James, Marquis of Dalhousie. 
James Hope, interim. 

Sir William Gibson-Craig, of Riccarton. 
James Hope, interim. 
George Frederick, Earl of Glasgow. 
Charles Bowman Logan, interim. 
Douglas Beresford, Duke of Montrose. 
2 F 



828 



THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET 



1726. 

1741. 26th January. 

1742. 12th March. 
1744. 27th December. 
1746. 22<i November. 
1762. 16th November. 
1767. 2d March. 
1786. 4th January. 
1831. 20th October. 
1867. 4th October. 
1876. 6th October. 
1885. 19th August. 



John Hay, and Alexander Campbell. 

Archibald Campbell, and Alexander Campbell. 

James Hay, and John Hay. 

Alexander Tait. 

Alexander Tait, and John Watson. 

Alexander Gray, and "William Alston. 

George Sandy. 

John Home. 

John Hamilton. 

John Kichardson. 

Hon. James William Moncreiff. 

John Milligan. 



ASSISTANT CLERKS AND EXTRACTORS OF THE SIGNET 



1711. 21st Jan. 

1711. 7th Nov. 

1712. 21st Jan. 

1722. 15th Jan. 
1741. 9th Nov. 
1768. 13th Dec. 



WlLLLiM CADDELL. 

Andrew Geddes. 
John Bogle. 
Robert Manson. 
William Roy. 
Robert Kinnell. 
James Sandars. 
1889. 22d Jan. 



1776. 19th June. Alexander Alison. 
1805. 23d Aug. John Cameron. 
1810. 26th Nov. John Finlayson. 
1831 20th Oct. Robert Webster. 
1846. 2d Sept. James Milligan. 
1876. 9th Oct. John Milligan. 
1885. 6th Sept. John Dunbar Duff. 
James Hume Notman. 



FISCALS 



1596. 23d July. Adam Coupar. 

1599. 21st February. Harry Bickartoun. 

1604. 27th March. George Mack. 

1627. 28th December. Hew Ros. 

1657. 2d February. William Ros. 

1666. 22d January. George Dallas. 

1671. 4th January. Hugh Wallace. 

1681. 25th September. Alexander Aikenhkad. 

1683. 29th January. Alexander Chaplane. 

1684. 20th October. John Frank. 
1686. 13th November. Willlam Stirling. 

1690. 5th May. John Cunningham, of Bandalloch. 

1695. 19th July. William Dallas. 

1696. 4th May. John Strachan. 

1697. 19th July. William Dallas, and Robert Pringle. 



LIST OF OFFICE-BEAKERS 



228a 



1699 

1702. 

1703. 

1710. 

1717. 

1722. 

1723. 

1725. 

1726. 

1728. 

1729. 

1732. 

1734. 

1754. 

1755. 

1763. 

1777. 

1796. 

1807. 

1820. 

1824. 

1844. 

1851. 

1864. 

1872. 

1883. 

1887. 



2d- October. William Dallas, and Alexander Glass. 

16th November. William Menzies. 

22d November. Robert Campbell. 

21st December. Thomas Boyes. 

ISth February. JoHN Stewart. 

12th November. George Kennedy. 

14th November. John Dunda.s. 

8th November. William Forbes. 

11th November. John Hamilton, Jun. 

11th November. Archibald Stewart. 

10th November. Robert Wallace, Jun. 

13th November. John Hay. 

11th November. Ronald Dunbar. 

26th November. Samuel Mitchelson. 

24th November. Peter Sinclair. 

28th November. John Smith. 

24th November. John Russell. 

30th May. James MARSHAiJi. ) 

30th November. Patrick Russell. 

26th December. Richard Mackenzie. 

26th May. James Nairne. 

3d July. Alexander Douglas. 

17th July. Adam Gib Ellis. 

2 let November. Patrick Dalmahoy. 

18th November. William Ramsay Kermack. 

20th June. Charles Bowman Logan. 

20th December. John Cowan. 



TREASUEERS 



1654. 
1659. 
1662. 
1682. 
1686. 
1691. 
1697. 
1698. 
1699. 
1703. 
1710. 



13th March. 
18th January. 
13th January. 
3d November. 
13th November. 
13th July. 
15th November. 
16th August. 
7th November. 
29th January. 
21st December. 



George Mack. 
James Allan. 
David Watson. 
Andrew Young. 
John Frank. 
John Macfarlane. 
Thomas Pringle. 
David Ramsay. 
John Lutfutt. 
Patrick Home. 
James Baillie. 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET 



1714. 


20th April. 


Alexander Glass. 


1722. 


26th November. 


Alexander Stevenson. 


1732. 




John Steuart. 


1736. 


8th November. 


John Hay. 


1746. 


17th February. 


Alexander Si-eyenson. 


1755. 


3d February. 


Samuel Mitchelson. 


1788. 


27th June. 


William Tytler. 


1792. 


17th December. 


ElCHARD HOTGHKIS. 


1824. 


12th March. 


KiCHARD Mackenzie. 


1828. 


4th February. 


Andrew Storie. 


1862. 


18th June. 


John Gibson, Jun. 


1870. 


7th February. 


John Clerk Brodie. 


1882. 


3d April. 


John Thomson Mowbray. 



PROFESSORS OF CONVEYANCING 



1816. 16th December. 

1847. 12th March. 

1856. 28th February. 

1866. 28th May. 



Macvey Napier. 
Allan Menzies. 
Alexander Montgomerie Bell. 
James Stuart Fraser Tytler. 



LIBRARIANS 



1805. 9th December. 
1837. 21st June. 
1879. 24th March. 



Macvey Napier. 
David Laing. 
Thomas Graves Law. 



COLLECTORS OF WIDOWS' FUND 



1803. Ist August 
1806. 20th January. 
1818. 6th July. 
1828. 17th November. 
1861. nth March. 



Sir Adam Ferguson. 
Francis Napier. 
James Stuart. 
Walter Cook. 
John Cook. 



ABSTRACT OF Mi:^rUTES 



ABSTEACT OF MINUTES. 



At Edinburghe the Tent day of . . . God j™ v"= fourescoir 

fourten yeiris. 

Mr. John Layng, keeper of the signet, produced a commission granted by 
Sir Eicliard Cokburne of Clerkingtoun, knight, secretary to the king, in favour of 
the said Mr. John Layng his depute, and keeper of the signet, John Young, John 
Johnstoun, Mr. William Scott, John Andro, Mr. John Kene, Walter Maware, 
Adam Lawtie, Thomas Young, Walter Henrysoun, Peter Hewat, Harie Bickartoun, 
[John] Wardlaw, Adam Cowper, Richard Karse, Alexander Reid, George Mak, 
James [Borjthuik, and Thomas Harvie, or any nine of them conjunctly (the depute 
keeper of the signet being always one), and failing of them, or any of them by 
decease, with power to so many of the said commissioners in life for the time to 
put others in the places of those deceased, " of the maist ancient and best qualifeit 
ordinare" writers to the signet, to convene whenever they shall think expedient, 
and to take order with " all abuses, falsities, and informaliteis in thair vocation 
committit or to be commit by any ordinary member and brother thereof, master and 
servant," and for remedy of the same " to conclude, determine, and sett doun all actis, 
statutis, and ordinancis necessare, under the panes of deprivatioun simpliciter of their 
office, suspensioun and pecuniall panes according to the wechtines of the offence." 
And also to make acts and statutes, as well concerning the sufficiency of such as 
should be presented by the said secretary, as the form and manner of trial, and 
order of their admission to the said office, the contraveners thereof to be deprived 
or suspended at the pleasure of the commissioners, etc. The commission is dated 
at Edinburgh the 16th, and recorded in the Books of Council ad ftitura7n rei 
tnemoriam, the 17th December 1594. 

The accepting commissioners are Mr. John Layng, John Young, John John- 
stoun, Mr. William Scott, Peter Hewat, Adam Lawtie, Harie Bickartoun, James 
Borthuik, John Wardlaw, Richard Cas, Adam Cowper, George Mak, Thomas 
Young, and they, along with the others mentioned in the commission, append their 
signatures. 

"The quhilk day the said Mr. Johne Layng presentit to the saidis com- 
missioneris my lord secretares injunctiones following, to be observit be the ordiner 
wryttaris to the signet in all tyme cuming, quhairof the tenour followis : — 

"1. In the first that the haill ordinar writteris to the signet sweir to the said lord 
secretare and his depute in his name thair lauchfull obedience concernyng thair 
office as writtares to the signet, and quhen occasioun sail serve as hes bene in tjrmes 
by past . . . cretare principal! to his majestic and thair ordinare maister thai 
be , . . 

2 G 



230 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1594 

" 2. Item that uane of thatne writt ony lettres or billis aganis the s . . . without 
thai first adverteis his lordschip or his depute. I[tem that na] writtare mak ony billis 
of quhatsumever qualitie or importance [to the] prejudice of the said lord secretares 
office. Item quhatsumevir writtare obeyis nocht his lordschipis depute keipare of 
the signet in writting missive or utheris letres quhatsumevir his majestie commandis 
his lordschip to be writtin that the disobeyaris be suspendit ay and quhill thai 
pay a mandat for thair disobedience. 

" 3. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis statutes, declairis, decemis, and 
ordinis that gif it salhappin ony ordinare writtare to the signet present or to cum 
to be convict judiciallie in ony jugement for falsett (albeit thai sal happin to be 
absolvit be the juge fra the pane), that nevirtheles thai salbe deprivit simpliciter of 
all writting to the signet in tyme cuming during thair liftymes. 

" 4. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis statutes, decemis, and ordinis, 
that in cais ony ordinare writter to the signet salbe fund to reveill ony secretis of 
his clientis to the adversare pairties, or to ony uthir persoun or persones, that the 
writtare reveilare thairof salbe simpliciter depryvit fra his office and writting to 
the signet. 

" 5. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis statutes, decemis, and ordinis, 
that nane of the ordinare writtares to the signet present or to cum writt lettres 
upoun ony warrandis writtin ather be ony uthir writtare, advocatis, thair servandis 
or utheris quhatsumevir, or preceptis upoun signatures, except the said warrand or 
signature be writtin be thameselfis or thair awin servandis^in thair awin buith, 
except it be to supplie his brotheris lauchfull absence or seiknes testifeit to the 
subscryrare or keipare of the signet, under the pane of deprivatioun, at the leist 
suspensioun, or paj^ment of ane pecuniall sum at the discretioun of the saidis 
commissioneris. 

" 6. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis statutis and ordinis that na 
person or persones salbe heirefter admittit ordinare writteris to the signet except 
in the conventioun of the ordinare persones appoyntit thairto be the said com- 
missioneris, quha being convenit, sail subscryve the admissioun of the persoun or 
persones suitand the samyn gif thai think it necessare to be done, eftir dew examina- 
tioun and tryall, quhilk sail alwyis preceid in publict conventioun befoir ony 
admissioun. And gif ony of thair brethrene sail heirefter subscryve admissionis in 
favour of ony persoun or persones, except in publict conventioun eftir the said 
examinatioun and tryall as said is, the subscriptioun salbe null, and the subscryver 
salbe depryvit of his office. 

" 7. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis statutes and ordinis, that the haill 
ordinare writteris appoyntit be the foirsaid commissioun, at the leist nyne of thame 
Avith the said Mr. Johne Layng, sail ilk yeir twa severall tymes convene, viz. : in 
the monethis of Apryill and August, and ofter as thai salbe warnit be the ordinare 
officiare, and tak cognitioun and ordour with all complaintes to be presentit befoir 
thame. As alsua that the haill ordinare brethrene writteris to the signet, sail convene 
at all sic tymes and occasiones as thai salbe warnit be the said officiare, undir the 
pane of fourtie schillingis to be uptakin fra ilk persoun disobeyand, being lauchfullie 
wairnit thairto, personallie apprehendit, and to be suspendit fra all writting quhill 
the payment of the foirsaid pane, quhilk the saidis commissioneris ordinis to be 
convertit ad pios usus. 

" 8. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis statutis and ordinis that na 



1594] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 231 

persones alredie admittit, or in ony tyme heirefter salhappin to be admittit ordinare 
writteris to the signet, salbe procuratouris, ageatis nor ordinare servandis to the lordis 
of Sessioun or men of law, or exerce ony uthir particularo office in liurt and prejudice 
of the rest of the brethrene and generall office, bot that the saidis writteris and ilkane 
of thame salbe friemen, keip oppin buithis, speciallie await and attend upoun tliair 
buithis and vocatioun, and nawyis be subject to ony uthir particulare service or 
servitude of ony persones, undir the pane of deprivatioun ; and ordinis this act to be 
extendit aganis all writteris els admittit and to be admittit, and all persones alredie 
admittit and utheris seikand admissioun and obtenand the samyn to be suspendit fra 
all writing, and the keipare of the signet dischargit of affixing of the samyn to lettres 
or precejjtis to be subscryvit be thame, quhill thai keip oppin buithis for service of 
oure soverane lordis leiges. 

" 9. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis concludis, statutes, and ordinis 
that heireftir na pei'soun salbe admittit to the signet nor use the office thairof bot be 
deceis of ane of the brethrene ordinare writtare to the signet, and than to ressave the 
sone, servaud or prenteis of the persoun deceissit, he being fund sufficientlie qualifeit, 
and failzeing of him the eldest and best qualifeit servand or j)renteis quha hes servit 
in the said office for the space of sevin yeiris, at the leist fyve yeiris aa prenteis and 
twa yeiris as servand, and that he verifie the samyn be his indentour and discharge 
of his maister of his faithfull service. 

" 10. The quhilk day the saidis commissioneris decernis and statutes thatna writ- 
tare now to the signet, nor that beis writtare admittit to the samyn heireftir, sail direct- 
lie or indirectlie, be ony meane, colour or devyis, seik, purches or procure in his persoun 
or favour the erectioun of ony new particulare office, in detriment, prejudice or hurt 
[of the commojditie of the rest of the brethrene in the generall, and commoun . . . 
signet or onywyis appropriat in particulare to him selif ony ... of the same generall 
office undir the pane of deprivatioun, save [and the commojditie alwyis of the ordinare 
officiaris. 

"11. The quhilk day the saidis commissioneris statutes and ordinis that it sail 
nocht be lesum to ony ordinare writtare to the signet to writt ony writtis, lettres or 
evidentis, to ony pairtie or client quha restis unpait ony soumes of money or dettis 
for writtis writtin to thame of befoir be ony uthir ordinare writter, being lauchfuUie 
adverteist be the said writter of the said dett, undir the pane of payment to his 
brothir of the dett awand be the said pairtie to him, and that he be suspendit fra 
writting to the signet quhill the said det be pait. 

" 12. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis statutis and ordinis that na 
persoun, servand or prenteis, salbe ressavit and admittit in the place of ony ordiner 
writter deceissit quha bruikit ane particulare office, except the persoun suitand to 
be admittit be iirst ressavit and admittit to the particulare office possest of befoir 
be the person be qubais deceis he claimes to be admittit to the signet. 

" 13. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis calling to mynd the treuth 
and honestie of thair predicessouris ordinare writteris to the signet, quhilk proceidit 
upoun thair few nummer, and now be the admissioun of ane multitude thair is 
drawin upoun the maist pairt of thame povirtie, and be the said povertie ar the 
reddier to be inducit to committ falsettis ; thairfoir the saidis commis- 
sioneris statutis and ordinis, that thair sail be na persoun nor persones admittit 
ordiner writter to the signet in ony tyme cuming, nor ressavit in the place of 
ony deceissand, unto the tyme the haill nummer of the saidis ordiner writteris be 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1594 

redactit to the nummer of twentie foure persones, and that in na tyme cuming the 
saidis ordinare writteris to the signet sail evir thaireftir exceid the nummer of 
twentie foure ; provyding alwyis that undir this act sail nawyis be comprehendit the 
ordiner clerkis befoir the sessioun, secretare, depute keipare of the signet, clerkis to 
the justiciarie, and clerk depute of the secreit counsale. 

"14. The quhilk day the commissioneris foirsaidis remembering the grite unitie and 
gude concord standing amangis the haill brethrene, ordinare writteris to the signet 
(praisit be God), and willing the samyn to incres and contiuew, thairfoir statutes and 
ordinis that gif ony of the brethrene being persewit or [ac]cusit of ane uthir brother 
for contravenyng of the actis abonewrittin or . . . thairof, salhappin to minas or 
injure utheris be worde, deid . . . that the pairtie minasser or injurare of the uthir 
quhither perseware or defendare (the samen injurie being tryit) salbe for the first 
fault suspendit fra all using of his office, ay and quhill he have satisfeit the pairtie 
offendit and forder induring the saidis commissioneris willis, and for the secund fait 
salbe simpliciter depryvit of his office in all tyme cuming, but ony favoure or restitu- 
tioun to be grantit to him thairof." 

These statutes are subscribed by the commissioners, and also by J. Hay, D. 
Hay, W. Wylie, Eobert Gairdnar, Thomas M'CawIay, John Buchannane, A. Millar, 
John M'Gill, A. Schoir, James Kay, Eobert Stewart, Mr. John Paip, A. Hamiltoun. 



159 . 

19th DAY OF . Mr. John Layng, keeper of the signet, produced and 

presented a letter from the secretary, Sir Eichard Cokburne, requesting the writers 
to admit the bearer, David Flescheour, servitor to the clerk of register, to be an 
ordinary writer to the signet, conform to his lordship's presentation given to him, 
and to dispense with such acts as might be opposed against him. 



15 95. 

14th November. The Lord Secretary promises that he shall nowise admit any 
person to the signet until the whole number be reduced to twenty-four only. 

On the same day, the secretary and the commissioners being convened, Eobert 
Gairdner, writer, is accused of contravening the act forbidding the writing of letters 
upon warrants ; and having confessed the fault, he is suspended from writing to the 
signet until the 20th of January next, and further during their will, that in the 
meantime they may take further order with him : and Mr. John Layng is discharged 
from affixing the signet to any summons or precept subscribed by the said Eobert 
in the meantime. 

4th Decebiber. The commissioners, including Mr. John Hay and Mr. James 
Bannatyne, having considered the supplication of Eobert Gairdner, requiring them 
" maist humlie " to dispense with the suspension enacted against him, and " being 
movit with petye," have ex gratia dispensed therewith, on his promise never to 
offend again, under pain of deprivation. He enacts himself to that effect, and puts 
his signature. 



1598] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 233 

159 6. 

■4th June. Lord Menmure, secretary to the Kiug, ratifies the aforesaid com- 
mission and whole acts made by the commissioners thereupon, promising " to hald 
hand " to the observing thereof. His signature is appended. 

On the same day the Secretary and Commissioners ordain that "gif ony ordiner 
writter to the signet, or thair servandis, writ our agane in new forme, or utherwyse 
in ony uther forme, in ony tyme coming, ony evidentis, writtis, bandis, signatouris, 
preceptis, billis or letteris, quhilkis salhappin to be originally formed be ane uther 
ordiner writer of befoir, and sail not send the same bak agane to the first former 
thairof to be writtin be tham, except thai be deid or seik or depryved, the con- 
travener salbe simpliciter depryved but favour." 

23d July. The Lord Secretary being personally present with the " brether," of 
new ratifies the acts of the commissioners, and ordains them to meet in August next 
for taking trial of abuses. 

Adam Cowper, writer, is appointed procurator fiscal for the year. 

19th November. The commissioners, to the number of twelve, being convened 
in the New Kirk, Robert Gairdner is accused of "subscryving of ane warrand quhilk 
had bene writtin in the buith of David Flescheour and by his servand, and for the 
writting of ane lettre thairupone and subscryving the samen." Which offence having 
been confessed by the accused, the commissioners, " movit alwyse of petie, gaif to 
him ane admonitioun " to abstain from such offences in time to come under pain of 
being simpliciter deprived for life. 

On the same day Adam Lawtie, clerk to the commissioners, is ordained to give 
up again, to the writers who had produced their admissions formerly, their presenta- 
tions and admissions, to be kept by them until they should again be required to 
exhibit them. 

Thus far the minutes are subscribed on each sederunt by the clerk, A. Lawtie. 

Receipt of their presentations and admissions is acknowledged by A. Couper, 
Thomas M'Awlay, and James Borthuik, who append their subscriptions. 



15 98. 

6th May. The commissioners being convened anent the supplication of John 
Gilmure for his admission as an ordinary writer to the signet, Walter Henrysoun, 
John Wardlaw, and Thomas Hervie are appointed to pass to the secretary to inform 
him of their acts, and confer with him thereanent. 

The ordinary writers to the signet being convened " anent the taking of ordour 
with the admission of ordinare wryteris to the signet, for avoyding of the great hurt 
and skaith that redoundis to the wryteris in generall by the extraordinare ad- 
missioun of sindrie personis wryteris to the signet without tryall or examinatiouu 
takin quhidder thai be qualifeit and meit to exerceis the office of ane wryter to the 
signet ; and understanding that thair hes bene sindrie admittit quha be thame 
selffis can do littel bot be the onlie help of sindrie auld servandis, thairfore, to the 
effect that auld servandis suld not culloure the ignorance of sic personis, it is statute 



234 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET [1598 

and ordanit, that all sic personis sail remove and put away fra thame all auld servandis, 
and tak prenteissis for the space of thre yeiris nixt efter thair admissioun to the 
signet, and this act to be extendit ad preterita alsweil as ad futura." 

16th August. The secretary Lord Eglischame ratifies the acts, and promises 
" to hald hand " to the observing thereof. He subscribes the minute. 

15 9 8-9. 

• 25tli January. Mr. John Layng, "secretare depute," made declaration in name 
of the Secretary that his lordship " wald have the actis of the bretherene observit 
and keipit in all pointis," etc. 

21st February. Mr. John Layng, "secretare depute," with the ordinary 
brethren contained in commission, being convened for receiving the report of James 
Borthuik and George Mak, two of their number, anent the qualification and ability 
of Mr. Eichard Kene, son of the deceased Mr. John Kene, writer, the report of 
his examination being favourable, the said Mr. Richard Kene is admitted " as ane of 
their ordinare nowmer in the place of the said umquhile Mr. John Kene his father." 

Hary Bickartoun is elected procurator fiscal for the year. 

159 9. 

24th July. Mr. John Layng, " secretare depute," with the ordinary commis- 
sioners, being convened anent the admission of Mr. James Harlaw, son of the deceased 
James Harlaw, one of the ordinary writers to the signet — the said Mr. James desiring 
to be admitted in his father's place " conforme to the act maid anent admission of 
wryters to the signet, and the same act, to witt the ellevint act contenit in the 
bulk, being red in thair presence and considerit, and question being movit thair- 
anent " whether the act should be extended ad preterita as ad futura, the majority 
voted against extending the act ad preterita. 

28th July. " The quhilk day the ordiner wryteris being convenit in the laich 
tolbuith, and it being put to vote quhidder gif or nocht the bretherene wald grant 
to ane incorporatioun with the advocates or not, the maist pairt voteit to the said 
incorporatioun." 

4th August. Mr. John Layng, secretary depute, made intimation to the 
brethren of the act and ordinance of the Lords of Session of date 27th July 1599 
against granting suspension upon " liquidate sowmes," the said act being read, and 
engrossed in the minutes. 

16 4. 

27th March. Mr. John Layng, " secreter deput," convened the ordinary writers 
to the signet according to the secretary's direction by his missive letter from 
Whitehall dated 18th March 1604, bearing these words, "I think meit, seing I heir 



i6o6] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 235 

of many abuseis amangis the wryteris to the signet, and that the maist pairt of 
thame that was in commissioun with yow ar depairted, that ye convene thame all 
and elect to your self some of the honestest and gravest amangis thame to have 
commissioun for trying thair proceiding and censuring of thame, according to your 
awin actis, and quhatever ye do in that behalf I sail ratofie and allow of it." 

The brethren, after the reading of the commission given by his lordship's prede- 
cessors, finding a sufficient number of the commissioners thei-ein named still " onlyve, 
thay war all content with the saidis auld coramissioneris." 

G-eorge Mak is elected procurator fiscal in all matters concerning the brethren, 
and gives his oath for due administration ; and all complaints are ordained to be 
given in and heard on the 12 th of April next. 

1606. 

17th January. Mr. John Layng, secretary depute, and keeper of the signet, 
with the brethren, being convened in the " laiche tolbuith of Edinburgh," conform 
to the lord secretary's direction, ordained that all bills and supplications to be given 
by the writers before the Lords of Council and Session should be subscribed by 
themselves "and nawayis be thair servandis" during the session, under pain of 
deprivation. 

Also that no writer to the signet nor their servants during the session take in 
hand to present bills to the lords to be subscribed, nor to deliver the same upon the 
backs, nor to present them to the ordinary clerk, under pain of deprivation. 

It is also ordained that no ordinary writers to the signet " be onnawayis agentis 
in passing of ony infeftmentis throw the seallis, or be ony other maner of way 
agentis, bot attend upon thair oflSce and calling as ordinar wryteris to the signet 
under the pane forsaid." 

Also that all writers to the signet shall deliver to the said Mr. John Layng "ane 
copie of thair servandis and prenteisis handwrittis that ho may knaw thame," under 
pain of ten shillings. 

Also that "eaverie brother ordinar wry tar to the signet sal gif yeirlie to John 
M'Gill thair officer for his pains and trawillis the soume of vj' 8"^ at the leist, under 
pane of x*." 

17th January. The "bretherene wryttaris to the signet" being convened, 
ordained the following persons admitted to be writers by the lord secretary, to 
subscribe the acts " made in this present buke," and to ratify the same by their 
subscriptions. The subscribers are "Eo* Lauder, David Wylie, E. Lawsoun, 
James Kynneir, Eobert Alschinder, J. Heart, J. Andersone, Johne Ainslie, 
Ja. Wynrame, A. Straton, Maister Eichard Kene, Jo. Young, G. Muirheid, Samuell 
Birs, W™ Swane, James Scott, Jhone Kyncaid, Mr. Ja. Harlaw, A Dunlop, J. Small, 
but hurt of my admission, T. Kellie, J. Balfour, E. Kirkwod, G. Thomesone, Eobert 
Newlandie, Eobert Fortoun." 

1 5 th March. " The quhilk day Mr, Johne Laynge, secreter deput, and the rest of 
the ordinar wrytaris to the signet being convenit in the heiche tolbuith of Edinburgh, 
the said Mr. Johne presentit befoir thame my lord secreteris warrand in maner and to 
the efifect underwrittin, quhairof the tennour foUowis : — Maister Johne Layng, ye sail 



236 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET [1606 

imediatlie efter the sicht heirof convene the haill ordinar writteris to his Majesteis 
signet, and certifie thame gif thai or thair servandis wrytis the delyverancos upoun 
ony billis to bo grantit be the Lordis, they salbe simpliciter suspendit fra all wryting 
to his hienes signet, and depryvit of thair oflBces ; commanding also the saidis clerkis 
to gif in thair billis to be delyverit be the Lordis in this vacance approcheand 
oulklie upoun the Tyisday, Thurisday, and Settirday, onlie, under the pane forsaid. 
Subscryvit with oure hand at Edinburgh the xiiij of Merche 1606. Sic subscribitur 
Balmerinoche, secretarij. Cei'tifie the haill nomber that gif the ordinance be contravenit, 
the rigour salbe execut aganes thame without mercy. Quhilk was oppinlie red and 
intimat to the said brithrene that nane sould pretend ignorance thairof." 

On the same day the brethren, considering that there are certain writers to the 
signet " quha keipis nocht opin buithis for serving of oure soverane lordis leidgeis 
conforme to thair admissioun, actis and statutes maid thairanent, bot usis thame 
selffis as agentis, unseamelie to ordinar wrytaris : as alsua that thair is utheris of the 
saidis ordinar wrytaris quha hes divers persones in thair buithis and chalmeris quha 
ar nocht thair ordinar servandis, and wryteis all maner of writtis according to thair 
knawledge as gif thai war ordinar wryteris, to the grit abuise of the ordinar wryteris 
and alsua of our soverane lordis leidges, taking thame to be the persones thay ar nocht : 
for remeid quhairof " it is ordained that George Mak, procurator fiscal, should try 
which of the brethren were culpable in these and other respects. 

28th November. Mr. John Layng, keeper of the signet, and divers of the 
commissioners being convened in the " hich tolbuith," remit to John Eistoun and 
Thomas M'AwIay, two of their number, to try the qualifications of Thomas Grammy 
or Crombey, presented by the secretary for admission. 

3d December. The said examinators report " that the said Thomas wes in 
sum reasonabill maner qualifeit to the oflSce." 



16 07. 

16th March. Hary Wilsoun being charged with contravening the act anent 
"new maisteris admittit that sould nocht ressave auld servandis for cuUoring of 
thair ignorance," confessed that he had received Thomas Egzer, but obliged himself 
" to remove him furth of his company and service at Whitsunday nixtocum under 
the pane of deprivation." 

16th . Robert Stewart, Archibald Miller, John M'Gyll, and Robert 

Newlands, being found guilty of contravening the act forbidding writers to subscribe 
letters on bills, precepts or warrants, not written by themselves or their own servants, 
are suspended from further writing to the signet until the lord secretary take order 
with them. 

Intimation is ordered to be made to Daniel Hay and Robert Rawson, James 
Winrem and Robert Fortoun, to " seperate thame selffis, and ather of thame to hald 
oppin buithes betuix and Witsonday " under pain of deprivation. The intimation 
to be made by George Mak and John M'Gill within twenty-four hours. 



i6o7] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 237 

25th March. Robert Newlands, who was suspended at the preceding sederant, 
compeared before Mr. John Layng, keeper of the signet, and confessed the fault 
alleged against him, and " of new actit " himself not to offend in that respect in time 
to come, under pain of deprivation. His subscription is appended. > ,. 

At Holyrood House, 4th April. In presence of James Lord Balmerinoch, 
President of the College of Justice, and secretary to the king, the brethren, ordinary 
writers to the signet, as well commissioners as others, being convened, do ratify 
and approve the acts formerly made by the conunissioners, and add their subscrip- 
tion, viz. : — Jo. Layng, Mr. Patrik Bannatyne, R. Cas, Adame Lawtie, J. Eistoun, 
T. Young, Robert Stewart, G. Mak, T. Kellie, W. Henrysone, J. Andersone, 
J. Buchanane, D. Flescher, A. Straton, Mr. John Paip, J. Gilmour, Thomas M'Awlay, 
Mr. Ja. Harlaw, Maister Richard Kene, Walter Dick, J. Balfour, A, Dunlop, 
R. Kirkwod, A. Schoir, A. Hamiltoun, J. Speir, T. Small, Ro. Lauder, Robert 
Gairdnar, Antone Quhyte, Jo. Ainslie, Samuell Birs, Ja. Wynrame, Harie Wilsoun, 
Jo. Young, David Wylie, J. Heart, G. Thomesone, Wm. Swane, D. Muirheid, Rot. 
Alschinder, J. Makgill, T. Crombie, Jhone Kyncaid, Robert Fortoun, David Moysie. 

5th June. Mr. John Layng, keeper of his majesty's signet, and the remanent 
brethren being fully convened, and considering the secretary's wan-ant for electing 
" sum of the eldest and maist discrete of the said brethrene " as commissioners, the 
following are elected, viz. : — Mr. John Layng, Mr. William Scott, Adam Lawtie, 
Adam Couper, Mr. Patrick Bannatyne, Walter Henrysone, Richard Cas, Thomas 
Young, George Mak, John Eistoun, Thomas M'Cawlay, Arthour Stratoun, James 
Kynneir, John Buchanane, and any nine, seven or five of them (Mr. John Layng 
being always one) to convene for the trial of abuses, etc. 

25th June. John M'Gill is suspended for contravening the act anent subscrib- 
ing of letters and bills not written by himself or his servants in " his awin buith." 
Robert Stewart is suspended for the same fault. 

30th June. Archibald Miller being called before the commissioners for not 
keeping open buith, and subscribing letters not written by his own servants, declares 
that he shall keep open buith, and nowise keep Robert Maxwell for his servitor, 
nor any other servitor, until he keep open buith, under pain of deprivation. 

David Flescheour, accused of the same faults, declares that he will keep no 
person in his buith except his " awin actuall servandis," and shall not keep John 
Cunynghame, who is not his servant, under the aforesaid pain. 

David Wylie is suspendit, during the secretary's will, for the same faults. 

Robert Rawsoun is suspended in like manner for the same cause. 

William Speir and RoJbert Gairdner, by their o^vn consent " become actit " to 
keep no person in their buiths "bot their awin actuall servandis," and to keep 
open buith. 

7th July. James Justice becomes bound that neither he nor any of his servants, 
nor any other persons by his licence, should write within his buith any bills to be 
delivered by the lords, letters thereupon, signatures, or precepts upon signatures, 
or any writs con«eming the signet, under pain of deprivation of his oflSce of 

2 H 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1607 

notary, simpliciter, and from further keeping of an open buith. His subscription is 

added. 

Compeared also Mathew Cuming and "actit" himself to the same effect, 
adding his subscription. 

Compeared Robert Rawsoun and acknowledged that he offended "the brethir 
in his undiscrete speches," craving pardon therefor, and declaring that he should 
keep the acts : and the lord secretary having given his declaration to Mr. John 
Layng that the said Robert should be reponed, he is reponed accordingly. 

Compeared Alexander Pyet and " become actit in maner and to the effect foir- 
said under pane of deprivatioun of his office of notarie." His subscription follows. 

24th July. Hary Wilsoun is called before the commissioners "for contravening 
of the actis maid that na new admittit writteris suld ressave auld servandis to serve 
thame for cuUoring of thair ignorance, in ressaving of Thomas Stevin for his servand 
quha is ane auld servand." The said Hary having confessed the fault, is suspended 
during the lord secretary's will. 

John Young, servitor to John Young, is found " to have injurit Johnne M'Gill 
with injurious wordis," and therefore his master is ordained to cause him " satisfie " 
the said John M'Gill for the injury, at the direction of the commissioners, or else to 
remove the said John Young from his service : the said John Young, writer, to be 
warned to this effect against " Tysday nixt." 

28th July. David Flescheour being charged with "keping personis in his buith 
quha ar not his actuall servandis, at the leist, with quhom he transactis for a pairt 
of his awin dewitie, contrare to the actis ; " the said David having denied the charge, 
the trial of the matter is remitted to George Mak, the procurator fiscal. 

" The said day the brethereue ordanit George ... to the haill writteris buithis 
and thair to tak ... of all servandis in thair buithis and to produce thair hand- 
writtis under the subscriptioun of thair maisteris." 

" The said day the bretherene ordanit that Johnne Young, wryter, suld caus 
Johnne Young, his servitour, acknawlege his offence and injurie done be him to 
Johnne M'Gill, conforme to his complaint verifeit and provin ; and to that effect to 
sett doun upoun his kneis in presens of the bretherene and crave pardoun thairfore ; 
or than that the said Johne Young suld remove his servand furth of his service, or 
ellis the bretherene declairit thai wald suspend the said Johnne Young him selff fra 
wryting to the signet, and ordanis this act to have effect betuix and this day aucht 
dayes, with the consent of the said Johnne Young." 



16 08. 

20th January. Patrick Small, writer, alleged to be at the horn, compeared 
and denied " that he wes onywyis at the home according to his knawlege ; " and 
because there was no horning produced, the brethren were satisfied with the denial, 
until further probation. 

James Scot, writer, convened for the same cause, granted that " he wes only 
rebell at the instance of Mr. Johnne Dempster, and thairfore desyrit sum tyme of 
continuatioun to do for his releif." The matter is superceded for eight days. 



i609] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 239 

27th January. Robert Stewart, John Ainslie, Robert Newlands, David Hart, 
James Scot, Mr. Richard Kene, Avriters, being called before the commissioners that 
order might be taken with them anent their being at the horn, and having, after 
lawful warning, failed to compear, they are suspended until they produce lawful 
relaxation; and Adam Couper is ordained not to pass their bills, and no other 
writer to subscribe their letters. 

Hary Wilsoun, being called for keeping Mathow Cwming and Mr. William 
Yule as his servants, " and that in ane uther buith nor quhair he writis himselff," 
compears and denies the charge, and " declairis that gif he subscryve ony lettres 
writtin be ony uther persoun nor Williame Borthuik his servand and him selff 
without he mak intimatioun of his new servand to Mr. Johnne Layng, that he is 
content to be simpliciter depryvit." The said Hary being " delaitit " that he kept 
no open buith " bot held his chalmer with an advocat," and the fact being found so, 
he obliges himself " betuix and witsonday nixt to procure ane oppin buith for him- 
selff, under the pane of deprivatioun." 

1st February. The commissioners, with consent of the parties, ordain Richard 
Oas and Arthur Straytoun " to visite the wryting buithis of Johnne GUmuir, 
Johnne Thomesoun, Robert Lawder, Robert Rawsoun, to sie gif thai keip thair 
buithis with advocatis and to report this day aucht dayes." 



1609. 

8th November. " The quhilk day the haill bretherene, ordinar writeris to the 
signet, being convenit be directioun of my lord secretar and Mr. Johnne Layng, 
kepar of the signet, according to his lordship's lettre and directioun as said is, his 
lordship's missive lettre underwrittin, direct to the said Mr. Johnne Layng, with the 
injunctiounis and commandis eftir specifeit, ordaining the persones following to be 
his ordinar commissioneris for the saidis writteris, wer all red in presens of the saidis 
writteris, that nane suld pretend ignorance thairof, and ordanit to be registrat in the 
register of the actis of the saidis ordinar writeris for the better conservatioun thairof, 
lykeas the saidis quhais names are following, 

accepit the said commissioun upoun thame, off the quhilk missive and injunctiouns 
the tenour foUowis : My very loveing and assuired freind, the multitude of wryttaris 
to the signet haffing bred amonge thame selffis disordour, and thairwith occasioned 
the disdaine and contempt of that place whiche in former tymes wes in so muche 
credite, is a matter no les greivous unto me then to thame who feillis more sensiblye 
the smart of it. The too haistye desyre of many men to be maisteris, hes maid sume 
of thame servanttes, and no dowbt want of employment bringing with it povertie 
will produce sone such errouris to fall in thair handis as may muche disgrace the 
place. Bot as I do not intend to wrong any admitted, howsoever unfitt they haiff 
bene, being unwilling to condeme other menis actiouns, so the only course whiche I 
do heirefter resolve to keip, is in directing a stricter ordour to be observed in 
depryveing or suspending of any quho sail heirefter offend. I wald haiff yow thair- 
foir to convene the hole number, willing every ane of thame to tak ane copy from 
yow of theis ordinances heirwith sent, so that they do not pretend ignorance when 
the pane upoun thair fault is imposed. Yow sail ressaive the roll of theis com- 



240 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET [1609 

missioneris quhome I wische sould asiste yow, and lett not preposterous pitie 
heireftir (since thair is ane sufficient forwarning maid) move ather yow or thame to 
spair or mitigate the punishment imposed, that so quhome dewtie can not move, 
feare sail inforce, to walk warlie in thair calling. As for my pairt howevir, I do 
not intend to interdict my selfif hollie, as unwilling to wrong the place I possesse, yit 
I howpe by prwife yow sail find me moir spairing then perhappis yow expect; and gif 
yow with the rest of the commissioneris, by punisching of faultis and sieing of the 
ordinances keipit, will thairby kythe your affectioun to restoir that place to credeitt, 
I will promeise not only to concurre with yow in that actioun, hot alsua to leive na 
thing undone that may retrinche the present supernumerare fellowschip, of quhome 
many, with doing thame selfiis small guid, do both the place and theis of best worthe 
in that calling muche harme : Lett me thairfoir by the first goode occasioun be 
acquainted with your proceidingis heirin. And quhat furder is thocht expedient by 
yow and the commissioneris to be done and yeildit unto by me, if it be within 
compas of ressoun and without prejudice, sail neaver be refuised by me. And 
desyring yow heirwith to remember my hairtye commendatiouns to all of [the 
bretheren] I rest, sic subscribitur, Roistoun, xxvth October, your loveing and 
assured freind, Alexr. Hay. FoUowis the injunctiouns to be observed be the 
wryttaris to the signet in all tyme cuming under suche panes as ar contained in the 
samyn." 

1. This injunction is in similar terms to rule No. 3 of the former set of in- 
junctions. 

2. This rule is the same as No. i of the former set. 

3. This is in similar terms to No. 5 of the former rules, with this additional 
clause, " and to that effect that every wrytteris name be writtin upoun the bak of 
the warrand quhich salbe writtin or subscryvit by him heirefter." 

4. This rule is to the same effiect as No. 8 of the former set. 
6. This is to the same effect as No. 10 of the former rules. 
6. This is in similar terms to No. 1 1 of the former rules. 

" 7. Item that all billis and supplicatiouns to be gevin in by any wryttar to the 
signet to the Lordis of Sessioun be subscryved by thame selflBs and nawayes by thair 
servandis, nor na utheris, the tyme of the sessioun. And that nane of thame 
subscryve ather billis, lettres or preceptis wryttin by any uther wryttare, nottaris or 
advocatis servandis or utheris quhatsumevir (except he be speciallie desyred thairto 
by ane ordinar wryttar and wrytt under his hand) under pain of 

deprivatioun." 

" 8. Item that nane of thame mak any billis or writtis of quhatsumevir qualitie 
or importance in prejudice of the secretaris office, under the pane forsaid." 

"9. That they all obey the keipar of the signet in writting missives or otheris 
lettres which his majestic commandis to be wreittin under the pane of the payment 
of and to be suspendit frome writting till payment thairof." 

" 1 0. Item gif ony lettres beis found by the keiper of the signet raised, vitiat, 
blaiked, interlyned or anywayes unbeseiming, that the depute keipar ryife the lettres, 
and caus wrytt thame agane upoun the wryttaris expenss, and suspend him for 
thrie monethis who sail subscryve any suche and send them to the signet." 

"11. Item the denunciatioun of any wryttar to the home for quhatsumevir caus to 
infer suspensioun of him for thrie monethis : and if he continew rebell xl dayes 
unrelaxite then he to be uterlie depryved without any restoring." 



i6o9] ABSTKACT OF MINUTES 241 

"12. Item that no wryttar alredy admitted to dimitt his place; and if the 
dimissioun be oflfered, albeit unaccepted, yit sail it frome thencefurth infer the de- 
privatioun of him quho intendit it, and mak the other who did thairupoun sute for 
admissioun in all tyme thairefter uncapable for injoying of such a plaice." 

" 1 3. That all signatouris conteaning grantis of landis, or bukis which ar to be 
signed by his maiesties owin hand, heirefter salbe fair wreittin on parchment, with- 
out blotting or interlyning, and thair salbe a greatt void left abone for his majestie 
to signe, and a large space beneth the signatour, and at the corner or nuik of the 
parchement belowe, the writter of the signatour sail testifie that [it] is correct and 
hes bene examinit by him, and subscryve his name thairto, according to ane patrone 
which is heirwith sent and is to be heirefter followed, and the dely verie to any client 
any suche signatour otherwayes then is befoir prescryved, to be frome henceforthe 
for every suche fault the suspensioun of the writter, giver out thairof, for the space 
of thrie monethis." 

"14. Item since the habite suld distinguische every one in his calling, all wrytteris 
to the signet ar heirefter, induring thair stay within Edinburgh, bothe in thair 
earning abrode in the streittis and in thair wreittin boathe, [to] wear all the day long 
(except he walk or ryde abroade without the towne for recreatioun) a gowne in suche 
forme as salbe sett downe by the commissioneris wnder writtin. And that habite to 
be provydit within twentie dayes after it is appoynted. And suche as sail want it 
to be suspendit frome using thair functioun untill they be provydit." 

" 1 5. Item all admissions of writteris to the signet frome hensefurth salbe upoun 
recommendatioun by the two pairt of the commissioneris underwrittin, att leist, 
being conveaned togidder (so as thair consent be not gottin per emandicata siiffragia) 
to the secritarye, of the pairtes sufRciencie quho desiris to be admitted. And 
quhosoevir sail suit warrant for his admissioun utherwayes then is befoir prescryved 
sail thairby be declared uncapable to injoy any suche place heirefter." 

" 1 6. Item that none do exceed the pryces conteined in the printed actis under 
the pane of suspensioun for every such offence for six monethis." 

"17. Item if any writter being persewit or accused by another for contravening 
of the actis afoirsaid or any point thairof, and being guyltie of the same, and gif 
thairefter the persewar or accuser be anywayes minassit or injured be him ather 
be word or deid thairfore, the injurer or minasser being exactlie tryed by the 
commissioneris underwritten, sail for the first fault be suspendit from using his 
office untill at the commissioneris sight he haiflF satisfeit the pairtie offendit, and 
for the secund fault be depryved simpliciter in tyme coming." 

"18. Item that every ane of thame be commandit to tak a copye of thir 
present injunctiouns, so that they may not pretend ignorance of any point thairof." 

"19. Item that the keipar of the signet and wholl wryttaris thairto, yearlie 
convene at tuo severall tymes in the yeir, viz. : in the monethis of Apryle and 
August, and att all suche other tymes as they salbe warnit by the ordinar ofl[icer, 
and thair the said keipar of the signet with suche as ar appointit commissioneris 
for that effect sail tak cognitioun and ordour with all complaintis to be presented 
before thame, according to equitie and reasoun. And if any (being lawfullie 
warnit) compeir not personallie the tyme and place appoynted (having no lawfull 
exuis), salbe unlawed in fyve pundis scottis money, and suspendit from all wrytting 
until the same be payit, which is to be convertit ad pios usus." 

" And for better taking ordour heirwith theis commissioneris underwrittin are 



ft*i THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1609 

speciallie maid choise of to asist the said keipar of the signet in trying offences, 
imposing of punishementis, and seing the particular injunctiouns abovewrittin 
speciallie and preceislie keipit." 

(Signed) JoHNE Ros. 

" The names of the commissioneris — 

Mr. Williame Scott. Thomas Young. 

Mr. Johne Hay. George Mak. 

Mr. Patrik Ballantyne. Thomas M'Awla. 

Adame Lawtie. William Wylie. . 

Walter Hendersone. Antonye Quhyte. 
James Kynneir. 

Sic subscribitur. 



Walthame, 29 Odobris 1609. 



Alexr. Hay." 



On 15th November 1609, David Wylie is convened before the said com- 
missioneris "in the hich tollauith of Edr." on the charge of subscribing bills, 
letters, etc., not written by himself or his servants, and not keeping "of ane oppin 
and distinct buith." Having confessed to both faults, and craved time to provide 
himself with a buith, the commissioners " being advysit, dispensit with him anent 
biganes," and suspended him from writing to the signet, "quliill he tak up ane 
oppin buith." 

On the same day Archibald Millar being called for the same faults confessed, 
" and desyrit that all byganes suld be oversene," promising to keep the acts in time 
coming. He is suspended on the same conditions as in the preceding case. 

Harie Wilsoun is simpliciter deprived for breaking the acts, "and specialie 
ane act maid be his awin consent of befoir, quhairby he oblist himself to keip ane 
oppin distinct buith be him selff, and na wyis to keip with him auld servandia." 

22d November. The commissioners convene in the house of Mr. John Layng. 

David Moyses is cited for having in his company " ane Mr. James Straucliane, 
ane commoun agent and nawyis servand or prenteis to ane ordinar wryter of befoir, 
bot rather ane quha behavit him selff as ane maister, notourlie knawin to the 
bretherene, with thre uther servandis lykewyis knawin to the brether nather to be 
servandis to the said Mr. James Strauchane, nor to the said David : Alsua for 
productioun of the said Davidis awin admissioun nawyis knawin to the saidis 
commissioneris, specialie sen he had not exerceisit the ordinar wryting to the 
signet for the space of twentie yeiris of befoir notourlie knawin : The said David 
compeirit and declairit that he had na admissioun; bot that the keipar of the 
signet of a lang tyme had ressavit ane warrand for affixing of the signet to his 
letteris : and grantit the having of the saidis four servandis." He is suspended until 
he obtain a new admission. 

Mr. Eobert Bisset, cited for keeping with him one James Cunynghame, " quha 
besyde the said Mr. Eobertis service wrait the register to Andro Couper, Mr. 
Williame Scotis servand," compeared and confessed having the said James with him, 
and that he wrote the register in his buith, while' he was not employed in his 



i6io] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 243 

service. Having "actit" himself not to employ the said James Cunynghame 
under the pain of deprivation, the case is concluded. 

Robert Newlands, cited for subscribing bills and letters not written by himself 
or his servants in his buith, and for not holding an open buith, confessed the same, 
but alleged that for letters so subscribed to one David Plumber he received pay- 
ment. The commissioners considering that the said Robert had " sua aft " broken 
the acts, deprive him simpliciter. 

Intimation is made to David Wylie of his suspension until he keep open buith. 

27th November. Mr. John Layng presented to the commissioners the Lord 
Secretary's letter, which was ordained to be registered thus: — "Loving freind, I 
wrait to yow of befoir for Mr. Robert WUliameson, now in fauouris of Johne Ros 
and Johne Nicoll. I will close my handis from all utheris except upoun deceis, and 
skairslie than. Of the date at Huntingtoun the xix of November 1609. Your 
loving and assurit freind Alexr. Hay." 

" The brether thocht the wordis abonewrittin of my lordis missive onlie necessar 
to be insert." 



1610. 

26th February. Sederunt, — Walter Hendersoun, Mr. Johne Layng, Adame 
Lawtie, James Kynneir, Williame "Wylie, George Mak, Thomas M'Awly, and 
Anthony Quhite. 

Adam Schore, accused of subscribing letters of one Mathow Cuming, and others, 
denied, and consented that if it should hereafter be verified, he should be deprived. 
His signature is appended. 

Robert Rawsoun, on a similar charge, having also denied, subscribes upon the 
same condition. 

Mr. Robert Williamson, being delated for contravention of the Acts, declared 
he was ever willing to keep them, and " actit " himself to do so, and to " cans his 
servand Gawin Blair gif ower his buith at Witsunday nixt." 

5th March. John M'Gill being convened for keeping in his buith Cuthbert 
Miller, who was seeking admission as a writer to the signet, it is found to be 
contrary to the Acts, and the said John engages to put the said Cuthbert from him, 
and subscribes. 

David Moyses, cited for having in his buith other servants than he had " gevin 
up " to the commissioners, declared that " he had na uther servandis for the present 
bot ane Johne Quhippo," and "actit himself" to subscribe no letters but such 
as should be written by the said John " or sic uther servandis quhairof he suld 
adverteis the commissioneris " under pain of deprivation. 

John Gilmour, cited for "keping of ane buith conjunctlie with Mr. Robert 
Lermonthis chalmer," of his own consent became bound before Whitsunday next 
to remove from the said " chalmer," or that Mr. Robert Lermonth should remove 
from him, and that no other advocate should come in his place, " or than that the 
chalmer suld be devydit be dur and loke," under pain of deprivation. 



244 THE SOCIETY OF WKITERS TO THE SIGNET [1610 

9tli March. The commissioners ordain that no ordinary writer to the signet 
in time of session be found -within the burgh of Edinburgh "upon the gate" 
without his gowne upon him, under pain of deprivation : and that no ordinary 
writer in time of session be found drinking in taverns, under the pain of five 
pounds toties quoiies. 

" The quhilk day Abacuk Bisset being convenit as alleging him to be ane ordinar 
writer to the signet, and yit making his residence in Aberdene, the said Abacuk 
comperit and declairit that tuiching his residence in Aberdene he had ane dispen- 
satioun : and being demandit quhairfore he had na gowne according to the ordour, 
he said he had provydit nane." The commissioners suspend him until he " report 
ane new testimonial! of my lord secretar." 

" The quhilk day the commissioneris ordanit the haill bretherene to gif support 
according to thair chirritie for help of the pure Italiane, Francis de Parisco." 

1 2th March. Walter Dick, cited for subscribing letters written by his son, 
admitted the charge, whereupon the commissioners "having consideratioun, dis- 
pensit for bygane subscryving," and the said Walter acted himself to conform to 
the rules on that point. 

Eobert Stewart is suspended for not compearing to answer to certain charges, 
and is warned to compear that day eight days under pain of deprivation. 

19th March. The said Eobert Stewart, compearing, is accused of "subscriving 
letters for agentis and servandis to men of law," not written by himself and his 
own servants in his buith, and for subscribing precepts upon signatures not written 
by himself, etc. He denies the charges, and promises to observe the acts in time 



14th May. Sederunt, Mr. Johne Layng, Adame Lawtie, Thomas Young, William 
Wylie, James Kynneir, Thomas M'Awlay. 

The commissioners ordain " that act maid that na writter suld write lettres to 
the hurt or prejudice of my lord secretar, his office, or depute kepar of the signet, 
to be exponit and understude as foUowis : — To wit that it sail not be lesum to ony 
wryter to the signet to contene in ane lettre ony ma commissioneris preceptis nor 
ane, or ony decretis gevin be the lordis, shireffis, bailleis of regaliteis, bailleis of 
burghs, contractis or obligatiounis, bot ane in every lettre, according as thair is 
severall decretis, preceptis, contractis, or obligatiounis : Quhairby the kepar of the 
signet be not prejugit in the dewitie of the signet, nor the writer in his dewitie of 
every lettre." 

At Edinburgh, 31st July. The Lord Secretary ratifies and approves the com- 
mission aforesaid, and the whole acts of the commissioners. The minute is signed 
" Alexr. Hay." 

3d November. Sederunt, the commissioners, Mr. John Layng, William Wylie, 
James Kynneir, Mr. Patrick Bannatyne, George Mak, Anthone Quhite, Thomas 
M'Awlay. 

George Mak is appointed " to pas throw the bretherene's buithis and tak tryall 
quhat enormities and contraventionis ar committit agane the actis," and to report 



i6io] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES M& 

monthly to Mr. John Layng and the brethren, under the pain of forty shillings 
each month. 

31st July. " Sederunt, my lord secretar, Maister Johue Layng, Maister Johne 
Hay, Adame Lawtie, Thomas Young, Mr. Patrik Banuatyne, Williame Wylie, George 
Mak, James Kynneir, Thomas M'Awlay, Anthone Quhite. 

"The quhilk day my lord secretar and the commissioneris foirsaidis being 
convenit, upoun gude considerations moving, his lordship and the saidis commis- 
sioneris statutis and ordanis that in time coming all personis, writteris to the signet, 
quhen thai salhappin to ressave ony personis, prenteissis to thame, sail at the ressait 
of the saidis prenteissis, mak ane indentur betubdi thame, quhairby the saidis 
prenteissis salbe bund to serve thair maisteris for the space of sevin yeiris efter the 
making of the said indentur; and that the saidis wryteris, the tyme of the ressait of 
thair saidis prenteissis and making of the saidis indenturis, present the same to the 
commissioneris, that ane recorde and note may be maid in the register buik of the 
actis of the saidis ordinar wryteris, of the names of the saidis prenteissis and time 
of thair indenturis, that thairby the commissioneris may understand that the saidis 
prenteissis sail serve the haill yeiris of thair indenturis before thai sail sute benefite 
of ane ordinar writer to the signet. And that in caice of deceis of their maisteris 
in the menetyme, the saidis prenteissis be the advyse of the saidis commissioneris 
may be directit to serve uther ordinar writteris during the said space of sevin yeiris, 
utherwyis the saidis prenteissis to be uncapable of the benefite to the wry ting to the 
signet, and thair maisteris ressavaris of thame to be simpliciter depryvit. And ordanis 
Thomas M'Aulay, clerk to the saidis commissioneris, to ressave the saidis indenturis 
and note thairof " 

" The said day the said lord secretar and the saidis commissioneris ordanit 
and appointit Richard Cas and Johne Eistoun to be of the nowmer of the commis- 
sioneris." 

William Speir, cited for contravening the acts, confessed, and " actit " himself 
to observe the same hereafter under pain of deprivation. 

William Wylie is ordained " to subscryve na letters to Maister James Strath- 
auchane, nor na utheris that ar knawin to be his prenteissis or servandis, and to 
remove fra him the said Mr. James and have na thing to do with him." 

16th November. The said day John Cas and James Stratoun are referred to- 
the commissioners for trial of their qualifications, " in respect of my lord secretaris 
presentatioun and Johnne Wardlawis place vakand." 

The complaint of David Wylie for his restitution is referred to a larger 
meeting. 

3d December. " Sederunt, Mr. Johne Layng, Mr. Johne Hay, Adame Lawtie,. 
Kichard Cas, Mr. Patrick Bannatyne, George Mak, Thomas Young, Johne Eistoun, 
James Kynneir, Williame Wylie, Anthone Quhite, I'homas M'Awlay." (No business 
recorded.) 

2 2d DECEMBEii. The same sederunt, except Adam Lawtie, James Kynneir, and 
William Wylie. 

John Eistoun and Anthone Quhite report anent the qualifications of John Cas 

2i 



846 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET [1610 

. and James Stratoun, that they considered they might be admitted as writers to the 
signet. The commissioners thereupon admit the said persons, who swear to observe 
the acts. They also subscribe. 

David Wylie is reponed on condition that he keep the acts "and write na 
lettres in tyme cuming hot with his awin hand, utherwayis to be simpliciter 
depryvit." He subscribes. 

1611. 

14th January. Patrick Small being at the horn at the instance of Mr. John 
Adamson, is suspended until he be relaxed. 

26th January. Compeared Robert Rawsoun, writer, and according to the act 
anent booking apprentices " producit Johne Hammiltoun, sone to Gawin Hammil- 
toun, indwellar in Edinburgh, his prenteis," together with the indenture made 
between them, and desired that a note and record be made thereof, which the 
commissioners ordained to be done, and the note is entered bearing that the 
indenture was made at Edinburgh on 1st January 1611, and witnessed by Patrick 
Hamiltoun, notary, and Patrick Hamilton, locksmith, burgess of Edinburgh. 

Compeared also Robert Kirkwod, and produced James Lovnie, son lawful to the 
deceased Alexander Lowrie, burgess of Perth, as his apprentice, with his indenture, 
of which a note is made as above. The indenture is dated at Edinburgh, 2 2d 
November 1610, and consenting thereto are Barbara Blair, mother of the said James 
Lowrie, Mr. James Oliphant, apparent of Newtoun, and William Blair of Tarsappie, 
as cautioners; the engagement being for three years, and the "prenteis fie" j£ 100. 
The witnesses are Alexander Lowrie, brother to said James, and John Mudie, 
servant. 

1 2th March. " Delyverit to Johne M'Gill be directioun of the commissioneris, 
aucht pundis." 

24th March. Sederunt, Mr. Johne Layng, James Kynneir, Mr. William Scot, 
Johnne Eistoun, Mr. Johne Hay, David Wylie, Richard Cas, George Mak, Thomas 
M'Awlay. 

Supplications given in by David Logane and Thomas Coutis for admission to 
the signet, with their presentations subscribed by the secretary, are continued to the 
next meeting. 

1 6th May. Sederunt, Mr. John Layng, Richard Cas, Thomas Young, Mr. Jamet> 
Skene, John Eistoun, Mr. Patrik Bannatyne, William Wylie, George Mak, Thomas 
M'Awlay. 

Intimation is given to all the writers present that no bills are to be given to 
any macer, " bot onlie to Mr. James Skenes chalmer, quhilk salbe patent quhill ten 
houris befoir none every day." 

George Mak, their procurator-fiscal, is ordained " to pas throuch the haill 
ordinar writeris buithis and mak intimatioun to thame that thai present all thair 
prenteissis gif ony be ressavit be thame sen Martinmes last," and also "to cans 
■every ordinar writer write his awin name and mark it with his signe, according as 



i6l2] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 247 

he intendis to subscryve his billis to be gevin in befoir the lordis, and to delyver 
the saidis names and signes to Mr. James Skene, that he may keip the same for 
the better knawlege of the saidis ordinar wryteris names and subscriptiouns, as alsua 
to try gif thair be ony ma ordinar wryteris in ane buith nor ane, and quhat wryteris 
subscryve agentis billis and lettres not writtin be thameselffis and thair awin 
servandis," and any other " enormiteis," and to report his diligence. 

27th May. Sederunt, Mr. John Layng, Mr. John Hay, Richard Cas, Thomas 
Young, John Eistoun, George Mak, Thomas M'Awlay, William Wylie, Anthone 
Quhyte. 

Thomas Coutis is ordained "to be tryit of his qualificatioun this day aucht 
dayes, in presens of the haill commissioneris, conforme to the actis." 

Thomas Young, master to the said Thomas Coutis, because he had not his 
indenture to produce, affirmed " upoun his conscience " that there was an indenture. 

Absentees are ordained to be " unlawit." 

3d June. Sederunt, Mr. John Layng, Mr. John Hay, Adam Lawtie, Thomas 
Young, Richard Cas, Mr. Patrik Bannatyne, James Kynneir, George Mak, John 
Eistoun, Thomas M'Awlay, Anthone Quhite, William Wylie. 

William Wylie is suspended until "he tak ane uther buith for his wryting 
nor he is presentlie into, and procure ane prenteis to be buikit in presens of the 
commissioneris." 

Mr. Robert Bisset, for writing letters "informalie" is fined £3 for one fault. 

All writers who were at any time agents, since the act for discharging agents, 
to be censured and " put to pecuniall unlawis." 

Ist July. Sederunt as in previous minute, excepting William Wylie and 
Anthone Quhite. 

Adam Lawtie, Richard Cas, and James Kynneir, having been appointed to try 
Thomas Couttis' qualification, report in his favour, and he is accordingly admitted 
in the usual manner. 

Commission by Sir Thomas Hamiltoun of the Byres, in favour of Adam Lawtie, 
James Kynneir, Richard Cas, Thomas M'Awlay, and James Wynrahame, or any 
three of them conjunctly, in similar terms to those previously recorded. Subscribed 
at Edinburgh, 27th November 1612. 

1612. 

7th December. It is minuted that the writers undersubscribing, having heard 
the acts read, gave their oaths to observe them: also, that the "haill ordinar 
wryteris to the signet," having convened within " the hich tolbuith of Edinburgh," 
the commission aforesaid was read, and intimation made to them " of my lordis 
resolute mynd " for keeping the acts. The subscribers are " Johne Ross, Johnne 
Nicoll, Tho. Couttis, W. Stark, A. Hay, Richard Guthrie, Jo. Peter, D. Logane." 

It is ordained that on the back of all letters and precepts, the writer thereof 
" write upoun the bak of the saidis letteris and preceptis thir wordis, writtin be me 
sdrvand to and that the wryter put his name thairto, under pain of 
deprivatioun." '. > • -.' "■■ "j : • 



248 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET [1613 

1613. 

9th January. John Balfour having been duly cited for not keejjing open 
buith and making paction with agents, does not compear, and is suspended until he 
obey the summons. 

Abacuk Bisset having given in a supplication bearing that he was suspended 
by the commissioners from writing, and desiring to be reponed so as to " use the 
said office alsweill within the burgh of Edinburgh as furth thairof, notwithstanding 
the actis maid in the contrair," the commissioneris " being advysit " suspend the 
said Abacuk " as of befoir, quhill he keip oppin buith." 

1 6tli January. Sederunt, Adam Lawtie, Richard Cas, James Winrahame, James 
Kynneir, Thomas M'Cawlay. 

Mr. John Paip, Robert Rawsoun, and Johne Ros, being " convenit " before the 
commissioners " for using of thame selffis as commoun agentis in soliciting of the 
lordis, informing of advocatis, and passing of signatouris and infeftmentis throw the 
seallis," confess the fault, and are dispensed with " for byganes," and act them- 
selves to keep the rules. 

Thomas Crambie, Henry Oliphant, and David Logane " convened " for the like 
offence, are admonished, and become bound in like manner. 

James Ramsay having craved to be " buikit " as servant to Robert Rawsoun, 
the commissioners find that " he culd nawyis serve the said Robert conforme to thair 
actis," and the said Robert Rawsoun is ordained to " separate him selff fra the said 
^ames." 

13th February. John Thomsone and William Speir, writers, having been 
warned to compear that order might be taken " anent thair removing furth of this 
burgh in sa far as concemis thair wryting to the signet," they failed to compear ; 
whereupon " the depute kepar of the signet " is ordained not to affix the signet 
to any letters or precepts to be subscribed by them, or written by their servants, 
until they compear. 

"The said day my lord secretar and his commissioneris, understanding that 
sindrie of the craftis of the burgh of Edinburgh ar burdening sum of the wi-yteris 
to the signet to becum thair clerkis, and to keip thair assembleis and meitingis 
contrare to equitie and ressoun, and to the reputatioun of the saidis wryteris, quhais 
calling hes evir bene repute mair honourabill nor thairwith to becum clerkis to sic 
inferior callingis. Thairfore the said lord secretar, and his saidis commissioneris, 
statutis and ordanis that it sail nawyis be lesum to ony wryter to the signet to tak 
upoun him, in ony tyme cuming, to becum clerk to ony of the saidis craftis or trades 
of the said burgh, bot to attend and serve our soverane lordis lieges in the said 
vocatioun of wryting to the signet, quhairby the samin be not disgracit with the 
saidis base and unworthie clerkshipis, under the pane of deprivatioun. And gif ony 
wryter hes already takin upoun him the clerkschip to ony craft, that fra this furth 
he decist and ceis thairfra, under the pane foirsaid." 

30th July. Anent the complaint given in before the commissioners by John 
Millar in Claypottis, with concurrence of Mr. James Stewart, commissary of Dunkeld, 
against George Nasmyth, " servitor to Robert Kirkwod, wryter, " to the effect that 



i6i8] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 249 

the complainei" having obtained decreet before the Lords of Session against James 
Nasmyth of Invar, father to the said George, for payment of certain sums, and having 
put the said James to the horn for nonpayment, and thereafter intending to apprise 
his lands, conform to the order, intimation having been duly made by Thomas Maknab, 
messenger, that the apprising should take place in the Tolbuith of Perth, at a certain 
day, the officer, on his way thereto was stayed, and the apprising frustrated " upouu 
the occasioun of an allegit suspensioun contening discharge of the said apprising 
allegit to have been purchest be the said James Nasmyth . . . quhairof ane pretendit 
copie wes gevin to the said oificer, quhilk wes writtin be the said George of purpois 
to frustrat the said apprysing." The commissioners, after hearing the depositions 
of witnesses and the said George's own confession of having written the said copy, 
find that he " did wrang in the wryting of the said copie, thair being no principal! 
lettre for the warrand thereof, and thairfore, and that utheris servandis to wryteris 
may eschew the doing of the like in tyme cuming, the saidis commissioneris, all in 
ane voce, ordanis the said George to be removit fra his said maisteris service," until 
by his supplication to the lord secretary and his commissioners he should seek to be 
reponed. 

1616. 

3d December. "The haill brether wryteris to the signet" being convened by 
James Winrahame, keeper of the signet, by direction of the lord secretary, it was 
intimated that the burgh of Couper had given in a supplication before the lords, 
desiring their help, with that of the whole members of the College of Justice, " for 
reparatioun of thair buildingis and guidis, laitlie brunt and distroyit be fyre," and 
that the lords had granted the supplication : the brethren were therefore desired 
to declare what they would do in the matter : " The haill brether all in ane voce 
grantit to gif them supplie as thai suld be movit thairto of thair awin willis," and 
James Kynneir and another of their number are ordained to collect the supply. 

3d December, " Andro Hammiltoun having gevin in his supplicatioun to the 
said brether for sum helpe and supplie to his grite necessitie, and as he that sumtyme 
had servit sum of the brether : And the said supplicatioun being red and considerit, 
the haill brether votit to gif the said Andro sum supplie out of certane money that 
wes in ane box of tymmer of thairs in the handis of Thomas M'Awlay thair 
clerk : and thairfore desyrit to gif the said Andro out of the said money for his 
helpe Twentie pundis, upoun conditioun that he suld not trubill thame with ony 
forder sute in tyme cuming." 

The receipt follows, signed by the said Andro, under date 5 December 1616. 

At the same time the brethren appoint the said Thomas (their clerk), to give £6 
to James Brysoun, keeper of the high tolbuith "quherin the said brether convenit." 

1618. 

29th June. The commissioners and "haill wryteris to the signet" being 
convened in the " hich tolbuith," and having considered their acts and ordinances, 
and especially the act anent subscribing letters to agents or others which are not 
written by the said writers or their own servants in their own buiths, they find the 



«(» THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET [1618 

said acts " weill set doun and necessar to be observit," and therefore of new ratify 
and approve the same : and further, they ordain James Winrahame, keeper of the 
signet, to keep such letters when they come into his hands, until he exhibit them 
before the commissioners, that order may be taken thereanent. 

" At Edk. the viii. of August. " The quhilk day the commissioneris under- 
writtin having convenit in the wryting chalmer of Adame Lawtie, ane of the saidis 
commissioneris, according to my lord secretaris directioun, for consideratioun of ane 
act maid be the lordis of Counsall and Sessioun anent the forming and making of 
signaturis, and marking thame on the bak with the signe and subscriptioun manuall 
of the wrytar, former thairof, and for intimatioun of the said act to the haill wrytaris, 
conforme to the tennour thairof: And the saidis commissioneris having red and 
considerit the said act, thay ordanit the samin to be intimat to the haill brether, of 
the quhilk act the tennor follows" — (not entered). 

Mr. Adam Hall gave in supplication for some help in his "grite necessitie," "and 
as he that sumtyme had bene ane advocat and sua ane brother," the commissioners 
agreed to give him £20, " as the rest of sum money in ane tymmer box in the handis 
of Thomas M'Awly thair clerk, upoun conditioun that the said Mr. Adam suld not 
trubill thame with ony sic sute in tyme cuming." ' 

Receipt follows, of same date. 

Receipt is recorded from James Menteith, servitor to Thomas, lord Bynning, to 
Thomas M'Awlay and David Anderson, writers, for the sum of " sevin scor vj" xvij' 
iiii** " as the contribution of the writers to the signet " to the supplie of the brig of 
Crawmond" to be delivered to the "Mr. of wark." Subscribed at Edinburgh, 21 
August 1618. The witnesses are, Thomas Ellis, servitor to the master of work, 
Thomas Anderson, servitor to James Winrahame, writer, and Francis Kennedy, 
servitor to the said Thonias. 



16 2 6. 

1st December. Compeared John Balfour, writer, and produced Robert Nicholl, 
his servant, to be " buikit," declaring he had " na man servandis bot the said Robert 
Nicholl, and ane Adame Nisbitt," and that he should subscribe no letters writtin by 
any other person under pain of deprivation. (Signed) Johne Balfour. 

(Note) "The saxt of Februar 1628, Johne declaris he has na servandis bot 
Adame Nisbet and Richie Home." 

Commission by Thomas, Earl of Melrose, secretary. The names of the commis- 
sioners are not entered, and the document is otherwise incomplete. 

16 27. 

12 th December. William Neilsoun, lately servitor to Thomas Couts, writer, is 
admitted, and subscribes the acts. 

14th December. Admission of Richard Guthrie, lately servitor to Mr. John 
Scbarpe of Houstoun, advocate. 



i627] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 251 

At the Tolbuith of Edinburgh, 28th December. The writers to His 
Majesty's Signet being convened with Sir Archibald Achesone of Clancarny, knight, 
secretary to his majesty, it was agreed that a commission should be granted by 
him to a selected number of the said writers, for reforming of abuses, and establish- 
ing of good order in time to come. 

The commissioners condescended on are, Adam Lawtie, Richard Cas, James 
Wynrame, Thomas M'Cawlay, David Andersone, Mr. Francis Hay, Robert Pringill, 
James Stratoun, Robert Kirkwode, John Gilmore. 

The keepers of the signet are Robert Alschinder, Mr. James Law. 

It was concluded that " all the wrytters to the signet should heireftir keip four 
generall quarterlie meetings in every yeir, in the tolbuith of Edinburgh, upon the 
first Monday of every quarter in the foirnoone, and the first generall meiting to be 
upon the first Monday of Februar nixtocum, 1628, and so furth," to assist in the 
reformation of abuses, etc. 

The said quarterly meetings to be without warning ; writers absent without 
lawful excuse, to be fined 5 merks, and commissioners 10 merks. 

The commissioners are empowered to call particular meetings, and to meet 
oftener and when they please, and to call before them any party, who, being cited 
by the ofiicer and not compearing, shall be suspended for his contumacy, and fined 
5 merks for his absence. Robert Alschinder is appointed convener, and Thomas -^ 

Makcawlay " confirmed to be still keiper of the register of the said wrytteris." 

Hugh Rosse is elected procurator-fiscal, and Robert M'Oven confirmed as oflScer. 

It is agreed also to have a box for the fines and unlaws, with two keys, one to be 
held by the keeper of the register, the other by Robert Alschinder, keeper of the signet. 

It is agreed that all the writers shall before next general meeting produce their 
gifts to the keepers of the signet to be "taken notice of" by them, so that they 
may signet their precepts without hesitation. 

It is statute and agreed upon that all the writers to the signet shall give up the 
names of their servants and apprentices, and the time during which they have 
served them, and how long their apprenticeship lasts, to be registered by the said 
Thomas M'Cawlay. 

Also, that " na prenteis be admitted heireftir, without bringing with him a com- 
petent stand of musterable armes, to lye to his use in the commone storehous or 
magasin of the said wrytteris, thair to be left for evir efter the death or deprivatioun 
of the said prenteise, or eftir his preferment to ony uther calling, or relinquishing 
of his profession and calling as a prenteis, servand, or wrytter to the signet." ^ 

Also, that the writers to the signet give present warning to all their new 
servants and prentices to provide themselves every man with a sufficient stand of 
musterable arms, before the next general meeting on the first Monday of February 
1628 : and that they be ready to be trained to the use thereof, as is directed by 
His Majesty, or as shall be prescribed by the writers at their next session. 

Further, that the keepers of the signet shall carefully observe " the informaliteis, 
erroris, and blottingis in preceptis and letteris," and represent the same to the ' 
secretary and commissioners, that they " may be reformed and punished." 

Also, that the statute formerly made for writing of signatures upon parchment, 
shall, after the next general meeting, be duly observed and put to execution, " becaus 
signatures ar the ground wark of all the leiges infeftmentis, and most necessar to 
be Weill keipt and maid furth ouming to be produced in improbatiouns." 



\ 



252 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1627 

" Item, becaus it hath been demonstrated, that ather thair hath been, or may be, 
abuseis committed in cutting of lettres and inserting bandis or decreittes thairin 
after the signeting thairof, thairfore it is statute that every band heireftir have the 
awin lettres : and quhair delyverances of billis ar made beiring thir wordis (conforme 
to the band), the wrytteris to send the said band or decreit to the signet to be 
coUationed with the warrand and lettres ; and ar to injoyne thair servantis and 
prentises to behave thame selflBs orderlie and decentlie at the said signet, without 
giving injurious wordis or other distastable behaviour." 

Also, that these presents be registered in the writers' register, and there sub- 
scribed by the whole of the writers. The signatures follow, to the number of sixty- 
nine. 

The commission above referred to is here registered. It is dated at Edinburgh, 
4th January 1628. 

16 2 8. 

24th March. David Crichtoun, writer, having confessed to the charge of writing 
the extracts of registered obligations, and thereafter writing letters thereupon, enacts 
himself not to do so again, under pain of deprivation. 

23d June. Mr. James Farquharsoun, writer, desired that his prentice John 
Tais, son to William Tais in Glengairne, should be "buikit" as his prentice, bound 
for three years : and to that eflfect " producit ane angell." 

" In Eobert Alexanderis chalmer, wryter in Edinburgh, and ane of the keiparis 
of the signet." 

The commissioners ratify the act " anent raising of lettres severallie upoun ilk 
severall decrete, precept, registrat qbligatioun and uther severall warrandis," and 
that every contravention shall incur a fine of five merks. 

Also, they ratify the act for the booking of indentures of the writers' prentices, 
and ordain Eobert M'Quwne, their officer, to intimate the same : and that the said 
indentures be produced to Thomas M'Awlay, clerk to the commissioners, and for 
every indenture to pay ten merks, viz., five to the box, and five to the said Thomas, 
for his services. 

30th June. " Johne Peters unlaw of xx merkis wes debursit for making of the 
box. George Haliburtoun, Eobert Wallace, and David Crichtoun thair unlaws, 
extending to nyne pundis xvj' wes this day, in preseus of the commissioneris, put 
in the box, and the tua keyis, ane left withe the keparis of the signet, and the uther 
delyverit to Thomas M'Cawlay." 

30th June. John Baird, writer in Edinburgh, produced two indentures of liis 
apprentices to be booked, and gave an angel to the box. The first indenture is for 
James Forrest, youngest son of Mr. Patrick Forrest of Archerfield, advocate, as 
apprentice to the said John Baird: dated at Edinburgh, 31st March 1628. 
Witnesses, Zerrard Birkheid of Holmesyde, Mr. Alexander Forbes, and Thomas 
Brokie, servitors to the said John Baird. The second indenture is for James 
Irving, second son of John Irving of Ardtamfurde, with consent of Mr. William 



/ 



i628] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 253 

Davidson of Orde, as " burden taker " for him, to be apprentice to the said John 
J>aird, for three years : dated at Edinburgh, 17th June 1628. 

Ten merks are paid to the box for these two indentures, on 7th July 1628. 

James Kirkwode, lately servitor to Robert Kirkwode, ^vriter to the signet, is 
admitted, after due trial, to the office of writer to the signet, in room of the late 
James Scott. 

7th JoLY. The aforesaid James Kirkwode enacted himself to keep the acts, and 
gave in £12 to the box. 

James Anderson, lawful son to James Andersoun in the Grange of Allway, is 
booked as apprentice to George Watson, writer, for three years : John Henderson, 
writer in Edinburgh, becomes bound for him. The indenture is of date 1st January 
1628. The witnesses are Christopher Russell, baxter, burgess of Stirling, George 
Pacok, servitor to the said George Watson, and Andrew Mansioun, writer in 
Edinburgh. Paid into the box, £3, 6s. 8d. 

1 4th July. John Kennwie, son to Mr. Peter Kennwie of Ettilstoun, is booked 
ai)prentice to Robert Kirkwode, writer, for four years. The date of the indenture 
is 4th March 1628. £3, 4s. paid into the box. 

Richard Guthrie, lately admitted writer to the signet, paid in " the ordinare 
money" (£12) to the box. 

Alexander Blair, lately servitor to the deceased Mr. Robert Winrahame, writer, 
is, after due trial, admitted as an ordinary writer to the signet, in the room of the 
said Mr. Robert. He pays £12 to the box, and subscribes the minute. 

23d July. Admission of John Smith, sometime prentice to the deceased 
George Mak, writer, after due trial, to be a writer to the signet. [On the margin 
he is said to be admitted in the place of Robert Gairdner.] 

John Masoun, son to Robert Masoun, merchant, burgess of Edinburgh, and now 
prentice to Thomas Edzar, writer to the signet, produced his indenture, of date 
25th February last, in order that he might be booked " as prenteis and servand " to 
the said Thomas Edzar, for three years. Paid to the box, £3, 6s. 8d. 

18th December. Mr. Henrie Charteris, son of the deceased Mr. Henrie Charteris, 
Professor of Divinity, in King James' College, and prentice and servant to James 
Stratoun, writer to the signet, produced his indenture, dated 24th June 1628, to 
which his father was party, to be booked. His term is three years. Paid to the 
box, £3, 6s. 8d. 

24th December. Cuthbert Miller, writer, produced the indenture between him 
and Alexander Nicholson, youngest son of the late Mr. William Nicholson, Sheriff- 
clerk of Clackmannan, to which Margaret Hutson, relict of the said Mr. William 
Nicholson, is a party, of date at Alloway and Edinburgh, the 18th and 23d days 
of August 1628, for booking the said Alexander as prentice and servant to the said 
Cuthbert Miller, for three years. Paid to the box, £3, 6s. 8d. 

29th December. Indenture of Alexander Smith, son of the late Thomas Smith, 
merchant, burgess of Edinburgh, with consent of Elizabeth Ker, his mother, and of 

2k 



264 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET [1628 

John Smith, merchant, burgess of Edinburgh, his brother-german, as prentice to 
John Smith, writer, for three years from Martinmas 1628 : the indenture is dated 
27th February 1628. Duty £3, 6s. 8d. 



16 29. 

1st January. John Pitcairns, on behalf of William Blak, son of the late James 
Blak, skipper, burgess of Anstruther, produced indenture of the said William, as 
prentice and servant to John Ker, writer, of date at Edinburgh, 1 1th November 1628. 
Consenting thereto are Margaret Barckley, mother of the said William, Andrew 
Ainslie, merchant, burgess of Edinburgh, and Alexander Blak, skipper, burgess of 
Anstruther : the term is four years. Paid to the box, £3, 6s. 8d. 

2d February. Andrew Scott, chirurgeon, burgess of Edinburgh, produced 
indenture of his son Robert Scott, as prentice to Hary Veache, writer to the signet, 
for five years from the date of indenture, viz., 3d December 1628. Paid to the box, 
£,?,, 6s. 8d. 

Memorandum of Unlaws put into the Box. 

30th June 1628, for the unlaws of George Haliburtoun, Robert Wallace, and 
David Crichtoun, for contravention of the acts, £9, 16s. 

29th December, unlaws from "sindrie personis," £12, lis. 

Produced by David Anderson, to be put into the box, delivered to him by 
Mr. Alexander Hay, at command of the lords, 1 merks. 

Produced by Robert Alexander, for an unlaw taken from Cuthbert Miller, two 
dollars. 

Unlaws put into the box on Monday the 9th of February 1629, in presence of 
the commissioners, £4, 14s. 

23d February. "The quhilk day the commissioneris ratifeis the act maid 
anent admission of prenteissis and servandis that hes servit sevin yeiris preuteis 
or servand at leist, with this additioun that the saidis prenteissis having servit 
sevin yeiris at leist, yit sail not be admittit to be ane ordinar wryter to the signet, 
unles thai be past the age of twentie fyve yeiris." 

3d March. Admission as writer to the signet, of James Campbell, sometime 
servant and prentice to the late William Cunynghame, writer to the signet. Paid 
to the box, £12. [On the margin it is said " in the rowme and place of Alexander 
Sempill."] 

6th April. John Peter, writer, produced indenture of Mr. James Hamilton, 
son of Claude Hamiltoun of Mauchlingholl, to be booked as his prentice and 
servant for three years from the date of indenture, at Edinburgh, 9th March 1629. 
Gave in to the box, £3, 6s. 8d. 



1629] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES S6$ 

15th May. Admission as writer to the signet, of Arthur Stratoun, lately 
servitor to James Stratoun, writer. Paid to the box, £12. [On the margin "in 
place of Robert Nicholsoun."] 

19 th May. Mr. John Anderson n, son of David Andersoun, one of the ordinary 
clerks to the signet, is admitted as a writer to the signet, and clerk thereto, in 
place of John Balfoure. Put into the box, £12. 

27th May. Adam Watt, sometime servitor to David Anderson, writer, is 
admitted an ordinary writer and clerk to the signet. Gave in to the box, £12. 
[On the margin " in the place of umquhile Mairtine Newall."] 

9th June. Gavin Blair, lately servitor to Sir William Scott of Elie, knight, 
and sometime prentice and servant to the late Arthur Hamiltoun, writer, admitted 
as an ordinary writer and clerk to the signet, in place of the said Arthur Hamiltoun. 
He engages to pay £12, etc. 

20th July. The indenture of James Grawfurde, prentice to James Campbell, 
one of the clerks to the signet, and second son of Patrick Grawfurde of Auchnames, 
is produced for booking. The term is five years from the date of indenture, 24th 
March 1629. Paid £3, 6s. 8d. 

Indenture of Thomas Forbes, third son of William Forbes of Barns, as prentice 
and servant to Quintin Kennedy, one of the ordinary clerks to the signet, for three 
years from date of indenture, at Aberdeen, 3d June 1629, booked. Paid £3, 6s. 8d. 

3d August. Indenture of John Rankene, son of John Rankene, merchant, 
burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice and servant to Robert Wallace, writer to the signet, 
for three years from date, at Edinburgh, 2d July 1629 : booked. Paid £3, 63. 8d. 

12th October. Indenture of Andrew Bonar, son of John Bonar of Lumquhat, 
as prentice to Danyell Melvile, writer, for four years from date, at Edinburgh, 
26th September 1629. Paid £3, 6s. 8d. 

19th October. Alexander Hay declared that he had entered in service with 
Robert Wallace, writer, on 1 6th June last, and desired a record to be made thereoL 
Paid £3, 6s. 8d. 

23d November. Indenture of George Stobo, son of Archibald Stobo in 
Dunglass, as prentice and servant to Mr. James Farquharson, writer to the signet, 
for four years from date, at Edinburgh, 18th June 1629. Paid £3, 6s. 8d. 

24th November. James Kirkwode desired that Robert Dumbar, who came to 
his service twenty days before, should be booked as his servant. Paid £3, 6s. 8d. 

14th December. Indenture of George Diksoun, son of the late John Diksoun, 
writer in Edinburgh, as apprentice to Richard Guthrie, writer, for four years from 
the date of indenture, 19th November 1629. As consenters and cautioners, Mr. 
William Scott, Doctor of Physic, Mr. David Heriot, and George Scott, merchant, 
cousins-german to the said George Diksoun, are mentioned. 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET [1629 

28tli December. Admission of Mr. James Law, one of the keepers of the signet, 
to be an ordinary writer and clerk thereto, in place of Adam Lawtie. Gave £12. 

16 30. 

4th January. Admission of Archibald Gibsoun, sometime prentice to the late 
William Cunynghame, writer, in room and place of the deceased Robert Rawsoun, 
writer. Gave £12. 

11th January. Indenture of Mr. John Drummond, son of Patrick Drummond 
of Lemoch, as prentice to John Mudie, writer, for three years from date, at Edin- 
burgh, 5th December 1629. Paid £3, 6s. 8d. 

25 th January. Indenture of William Scott, eldest son of Mr. Robert Scott 
of Balmonth, as prentice to Arthur Stratoun, younger, writer, for three years from 
date, at Edinburgh, 17th July 1629. Paid £3, 6s. 8d. 

26th January. Indenture of Harie Dow, son to William Dow of Wester Row, 
as prentice and servitor to James Wilsoun, writer to the signet, for five years from 
Martinmas last. The indenture is dated at Edinburgh, 5th August 1629. Harie 
Dow of Arnhall is cautioner. 

1st February. Admission of Mr. James Murray, sometime prentice and 
servitor to the late Robert Alexander, writer, in room of the latter. Gave £12. 

8th February. Indenture of Daniel Ker, brother-german to Hew Ker of 
Kersland, as prentice to Andrew Nemo, writer, for four years from date, at Edin- 
burgh, 7th November 1629. The said Hew Ker, and David Dumbar of Enterkin, 
are cautioners. Paid £3, 6s. Sd. 

15th February. Mi-. Patrick Pitcaim declared that he had been servitor to 
Robert Kirkwode, writer, having entered " sum quarter of ane yeir since." His 
master therefore gave in to the box, £6. 

8th March. Indenture of Andrew Robertson, son of Gilbert Robertson, writer, 
as prentice to John Cok, writer, for three years from date, 11th February last. The 
commissioners dispense with the " prenteis dewitie, for gude consideratiouns moving 
thame." 

2 2d March. Admission of Alexander Aikenheid, lately servitor to Andrew 
Hay, writer, and one of the clerks to the signet, to be " wryter and clerk thairto " in 
the place of . Put into the box, £12. 

6th April. Indenture of Thomas M'Millane, eldest son of Thomas M'Millaue, 
merchant, burgess of Dumfries, as prentice to John Peter, writer, for five years from 
date, 15th March last. Gave in to the box, £6. 

Admission of Alexander Douglas, lately servitor to Robert Pringle, writer, and 
one of the clerks to the signet, as writer and clerk thereto. 



1631] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 257 

30th Aprii-. Act ordaining that any writer receiving "anc other brother's 
servand without his maisteris consent " shall be fined. 

It is enacted that if the duty of prentices and servants be not paid in within 
forty days after entering, it shall be doubled, and the master shall pay it. 

24th May. Indenture of Alexander Purves, son of Andrew Purves, merchant, 
burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice to John Baird, writer to the signet, for three years 
from date, 23d April last. Gave in to the box, £6. 

21st June. Indenture of William Hall, son to John Hall, indweller in Elphin- 
stoun, as prentice to John Smith, writer, for three years from date, 24th May 1630. 
Gave in £6. 

21st June. Indenture of Andrew Couper, eldest son of the late William, bishop 
of Galloway, as prentice to James Wilsoun, writer, for three years from date of 
indenture, 2 1st December 1629. Grissell Anderson, mother of the said Andrew, is 
consenter to the deed. Gave in £6. 

28th June. Indenture of William Dunbar, son of the late William Dunbar of 
Wilkheavin, as prentice to Robert Wallace, writer, for three years from date, 28th 
April last. Mr. John Nicholsoun, servitor to Mr. John Skene, one of the clerks 
before the Lords of Council and Session, is cautioner. Duty £6. 

27th September. Admission of Andrew Mansioun, sometime servitor to the 
late Robert Lawder, writer, and one of the clerks to the signet, as "ane of the 
ordinar clerkis and wryteris thairto." 

2 2d November. Indenture of John Bruce, brother to Andrew Bruce, younger 
of Earlshall, as prentice to Andrew Mansioun, writer, for three years from date, at 
Edinburgh and Earlshall, 9th and 11 th days of July last. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Lues Bade, son of Adam Baid in Elphinstoun, as prentice to George 
Watson, writer, for four years from date, 13th September 1630. Duty £6. 

20th December. Indenture of William Hamiltoun, son of Richard Hamiltoun, 
at Maytrie of Kynneill, as prentice to John Mwdie, writer, for four years from date, 
10th October last. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Harie Burdoun, son of the deceased Mr. James Burdoun, minister 
at Muthili, with advice and consent of William Burdoun, portioner of Feddellis, and 
Mr. William Menzies, minister at Killin, his curators, as prentice to Mr. James 
Murray, writer to the signet, for three years from the term of Martinmas last. Date 
of indenture, 7th December instant. Duty £6. 



1631. 

13th February. Indenture of William Eeddoch, eldest son of David Reddoch, 
of Aberlednok, as prentice to John Ker, writer, for three years from date, 17th 
November 1630. Duty £6. 



THE SOCIETY OF WRITEKS TO THE SIGNET [1631 

31st January. "The haill brether, viz., the clerkis of the sessioun and clerkis 
wryteris to the signet, being convenit in the hich tolbuith of Edr., according to 
the lordis of Sessioun thair directiouu and ordinance, anent the chusing and electing 
of certane persounis of thair nowmer, to be collectoures and ressavaris of the saidis 
clerkis and wryteris and thair servandis voluntar contributioun for the help and 
supplie of the pure distressit pepill of the Palatinat, conforme to the ordoure sett 
doun thairanent be the lordis of Secrete Counsall ; the saidis clerkis of sessioun and 
signet, for obedience of the said ordinance, all in ane voce electit, nominat, and chusit 
Maister Williame Scott, ane of the ordinar clerkis of sessioun, and Johnue Ker, ane 
of the ordinar clerkis and wryteris to the signet, to be coUectouris ffor ingaddering 
and collecting of the said voluntare contributioun fra the haill ordinare clerkis and 
wryteris and thair servandis : and to that effect ordanis the saidis coUectouris to 
present to the saidis clerkis of sessioun and clerkis to the signet and thair servandis, 
ane bulk having this act insert therein, that everie brother may wryte his awin name 
with the contributioun quhilk he gifis, that the samyn may be the better knawin : 
and quhen the said contribution is collectit, to present the bulk and collectioun to 
the haill brether at thair meiting, that the samyn may be delyverit to the collectour 
generall to that effect." 

28th March. Indenture of Alexander Beatoun, second son to Alexander 
Beatoun, burgess of Anstruther, as prentice to Alexander Douglas, wi-iter to the 
signet, for four years from date, 14th January last. Duty £6. 

6th July. Indenture of Thomas Robertson, son of Thomas Robertson, stabular, 
burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice to James Kirkwode, writer to the signet, for four 
years from date, 27th April last. Duty £C. 

3d August. Indenture of Adam Blair, son to Adam Blair of Adamtoun, as 
prentice to Gavin Blair, writer to the signet, for five years from date, at Irvine, 
16th October 1630. Duty £6. 

8th August. Indenture of Mr. James Gheyne, son of Walter Cheyne, in 
Tillibin, as prentice to Robert Pringle, writer to the signet, for four years from 
date, at Edinburgh and Kennoway, 14th February and 3d March 1631. 

8th August. Indenture of Henry Elder, son of the deceased Henry Elder, 
burgh-clerk of Perth, with consent of Margaret Johnstoun, his mother, and John 
Johnstoun, merchant, burgess of Perth, as prentice to Hary Osburne, writer to the 
signet, for four years from date, at Edinburgh and Perth, 21st June last. Duty £6. 

Minute anent the receipt of the money collected (in terms of minute of 
31st January last) for "the help and supplie of the pure distressit pepill of the 
Palatinate," narrating that John Ker, collector, "producit before the saidis com- 
missioneris and thair clerk the bulk contening the haill names of the clerkis, 
wryteris, and thair servantis, that contributed to the said voluntar collectioun, 
togidder with the soumes govia be every ane of thame, with ane not also of the 
haill sowmes being calculat togidder, extending to nyne hundreth xxvj" xvij' money 
of this realme," which was delivered to Mr. William Scott, collector, who confessed 
" that the said soume " collected as above, " with the lordis of sessioun and advocattis 



i63i] ABSTKACT OF MINUTES 259 

contxibutiouns, extending to tua thowsand nyiie hundreth Ixxxxiiij'" x' i'*, wes, at 
command of the saidis lordis, delyverit be him to George Swtie, whairupoun he 
gi-antit to the said Mr. Williame his discharge, daitit the said xxiij of July instant." 

14th September. Admission of Patrick Maxwell, sometime prentice and servant 
to Andrew Nimmo, writer to the signet, to be an ordinary clerk and writer to the 
signet. Gave in £12. 

Slst October. " The quhilk day the wrytei-is to the signet under writtin, 
commissioneris eftir mentionat, being wamit be the ofiiciar to this day, and being 
convenit in the chalmer of the keparis of the signet, Maister James Gordoun, 
ane of the saidis keiparis, producit ane commissiouu, subscryvit be ane nobill lord, 
Williame, Viscount of Stirling, secretare to his Majestie," granting commission 
to Mr. Alexander Gibsoun of Dury, Mr. Alexander Hay, Mr. William Scott, and 
Mr. John Skene, the four ordinary clerks of His Majesty's council and session, 
James Prymrois, clerk of the privy council, Mr. Francis Hay, James Stratoun, 
Thomas M'Awlay, Eobert Kirkwode, John Gilmour, David Andersoun, Robert 
Pringill, John Ker, John Lermonth, Robert Keith, Hary Osbum, Mr. James 
Farquharsoun, John Baird, and Hary Veache, or any four of them conjunctly, with 
the said Mr. James Gordoun and Mr. James Law, keepers of the signet, or any 
of them. The commission, which is written by Thomas Ros, servitor to Mr. James 
Law, is dated at HoljTood-house, 18th October 1631, before William, master of 
Stilling, and James Murray of His Majesty's works for Scotland. 

7th November. Admission of George Mak, servitor to Mr. William Kellie, 
writer and clerk to the signet, to be clerk and writer thereto. Gave in £12. 

14th November. Indenture of John Lambe, son of Thomas Lambe, messenger, 
burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice and servant to William 0.swall, clerk and writer 
to the signet, for three years from the date of his entry, on 1st June last. The 
indenture is dated at the Canongate, 26th April last. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Eobert Alexander, son of John Alexander, merchant, burgess of 
Aberdeen, as prentice to John Mwdie, writer, for four years from date of indenture, 
23d July last. Duty £6. 

21st November. Indenture of Mr. James Edmestoun, son of James Edmestoun, 
merchant, burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice and servant to Mr. James Murray, 
writer, for two years from date of indenture, 19th November instant. Duty £6. 

23d November. Admission of Thomas Forrest, servitor to John Ker, writer to 
the signet, as clerk and writer to the signet. Duty £1 2. 

19th December. Sederunt, Mr. James Gordoun, Eobert Pringill, James 
Stratoun, Eobert Kirkwode, John Ker, Mr. James Law, Hary Osburne, John 
Lermonth, John Baird, Mr. James Farquharsoun. 

Action before the commissioners at the instance of Mr. James Eobertoun, 
advocate, against James Wilsoun, writer to the signet, " for lybelling and making 
of ane summondis of reductioun, at the instance of Alexander Knok of Selvieland, 



260 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1631 

and Helene Dalmahoy, his spous, aganis Williame Wardrope, notar in Glasgow, 
depute to the said Mr. James Kobertoun in the commissariot of Hamiltoun, oflF ane 
decrete gevin to the said Williame Wardrope, aganis the saidis Alexander Knok 
and his spous, in the conclusioun of the quhilk summondis of reductioun, the said 
James Wilsoun, not onlie concludit and desyrit the said decrete to be reducit for 
the reasonis thairin contenit, bot lykewyis that the said Mr. James Kobertoun, suld 
be decernit to be puneist in his persoun and guidis, altogidder aganis the forme of 
summondis of reduction and without ony warrand or directioun of the advocateis 
of the said Alexander Knok and his spous." The accused confessed the charge, but 
alleged that " he had the informatioun of his saidis clyentis advocattis to mak the 
said conclusioun." The commissioners suspend him until they should verify the 
statement, without prejudice to their further censuring him by way of fine. 
Eobert M'Kwne, their oificer, is ordained to warn the " haill brether wryteris to the 
signet," not to subscribe letters written by the said James Wilsoun, under pain of 
suspension. 

26th December. Sederunt, Mr. Francis Hay, James Stratoun, Robert Pringill, 
Mr. James Gordoun, John Ker, Robert Kirkwode, Hary Osburne, John Lermonth, 
Mr. James Law, Mr. James Farquharsoun, John Baird, Hary Veach. 

" Anent the lybellit precept persewit before the commissioneris of the wrytteris 
to the signet, at the instance of Hew Rose, thair procuratour fischall, aganis George 
Watsoun, ane of the ordinar clerkis and wryteris to the signet, for using and 
exercing pluralities of officis (to the prejudice of the haill remanent brether wryteris 
thairto), viz., as ane ordinar wryter to the signet, and als as clerk to the Lyoun 
herauldis and messengeris, to quhome the said George is clerk as said is, and con- 
ducing with thame to that effect, and for certane uther errouris and informalities 
contenit in the said lybellit precept." The matter having been before the com- 
missioners on the 5th of December instant, when the said George denied " conducing 
with the messingeris," the commissioners assigned that day eight days for proof, 
when the said George submitted himself to them, and " became in thair will," in 
regard to the libel : and the commissioners, having continued their decision on 
" twa severall dyettis " and duly considered the premises, suspended the said George 
until the 16th of January 1632, and continued their definitive sentence till then, 
the officer being ordained to make intimation thereof to the writers. 

16 32. 

3d January. In presence of Sir Archibald Achesoun of Glencamy, Knight. 
Sederunt, David Anderson, James Stratoun, Robert Pringill, Mr. James Gordoun, 
Robert Kirkwode, John Ker, Henry Osburne, John Baird, Mr. James Farquharsoun. 

James Wilsoun gave in supplication desiring to be reponed, and submitting him- 
self to the commissioners as to any further censure. They ordain him to be 
reponed " to the xvj day of Januare instant, that in the menetyme he may confes 
his offence done be him to the said Mr. James Robertoun, in the presence of sum 
of the commissioneris," who should report to the rest. 

George Watson supplicates to be reponed. The commissioners continue their 
decision until the 1 5th of February next, but in the meantime allow the keepers of 
the signet to affix the same to the letters of the petitioner. < 



i632] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 261 

9th January. Indenture of Mr. James Flemyng, second son to Patrick Flemyng 
of Balloch, as prentice to John Ker, writer, for three years from date, 6th June last. 
Duty £6. 

23d January. Indenture of James Wilsoun, son of Ivie Wilsoun of Clenrie, as 
prentice to David Crichtoun, writer, for four years from date, 26th December last. 
Duty £6. 

9th April. Indenture of James Eose, eldest son to James Eose in the Wood 
of Dalboge, as prentice to Arthur Stratoun, writer to the signet, for four years from 
date, 22d June last. Duty £Q. 

17th April. Indenture of George Aytoun, son of the deceased Alexander 
Aytoun, burgess of Musselburgh, with advice and con.sent of Patrick Clwnes in 
Inveresk, his father-in-law, as prentice and servant to William Neilsoun, writer, for 
three years from date, 15th June 1631. Duty £6. 

25th June. Indenture of Alexander Younger, son of James Younger, merchant, 
burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice to John Baird, clerk to the signet, for three years 
from date, 14th June instant. Duty £6. 

2 5th June. Sederunt, David Anderson, Mr. James Law, Eobert Kirkwode, James 
Stratoun, Mr. James Gordoun, John Ker, John Baird, Mr. James Farquharsoun. 

Admission of William Inglis, servitor to John Gilmuire, writer to the signet, as 
clerk and writer thereto. Duty £12. 

3d July. Sederunt, as above, with the addition of Sir Archibald Achesoun, 
lord secretary, Mr. Francis Hay, Hary Osburne, John Lermonthe, Hary Weache. 

Admission of George Inglis, servitor to John Lermonthe, clerk and writer to the 
signet, as writer and clerk thereto. Duty £12. 

19th November. Indenture of Mr. William Thomesoun, son of James Thome- 

soun in Wodheid of , with consent of Mr. Eoger Mowatt, advocate, as prentice 

to Quyntene Kennedy, writer to the signet, for five years from date, 14th December 
1631. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Eichard Allane, son of Eichard AUane, burgess of Musselburgh, as 
prentice to Eobert Kirkwode, writer to the signet, for four years from date, 

1631. Duty £6. 

23d November. Indenture of John Logane, son of James Logane, stabular 
in Edinburgh, with consent of John Young, litster, burgess there, as prentice to 
Mr. Patrick Maxwell, writer to the signet, for four years from date, 23d March 

1632. Duty £6. 

3d December. Admission of Walter Paterson, son of Mr. Alexander Paterson, 
apothecary, burgess of Edinburgh, and servitor to Anthone Quhyte, writer and clerk 
to the signet, as writer and clerk thereto. Duty £12. 

2 L 



262 THE SOCIETY OF WKITEES TO THE SIGNET [1632 

Indenture of Thomas Hunter, son of Thomas Hunter, bailie in Carsland, as 
prentice to Mr, James Farquharsoun, writer to the signet, for three years from date, 
29th June last. Duty £&. 

17th December. Indenture of Mr. William Carnegy, son of William Carnegy, 
burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice to Arthur Stratoun, writer to the signet, for four 
years from date, 12th November last. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Mr. Robert Heriot, son of Mr. George Heriot, minister at Kirk- 
maho, as prentice to Richard Guthrie, writer to the signet, for three years from date, 
8th June 1631. Duty £6. 



1633. 

4rth March. Indenture of David Phin, eldest son of Mr. John Phin of Quhitehill, 
as prentice to James Wilsoun, clerk and writer to the signet, for four years from date, 
8th February 1633. Duty £6. 

10th July. Indenture of George Eglingtoun, son of Mr. Hew Eglingtouu, 
minister at Dunlop, as prentice to Mr. Patrick Maxwell, writer to the signet, for 
four years, from 28th, 29th, and 30th November 1632, the dates of indenture. 
Mr. John Maxwell, minister at the High Kirk of Glasgow is cautioner. Duty £6. 

29th July. Admission of Mr. Henry Charteris, son of the late Mr. Henry 
Charteris, "primar of the college of Edinburgh," and lately prentice to James 
Stratoun, writer to the signet, as an ordinary writer and clerk to the signet. 
Duty £12. 

Admission of Peter Barbour, lately servitor to Robert Wallace, writer to the 
signet, as writer and clerk to the signet. Duty £12. 

1st August. The writers to the signet, namely, "Maister James Law and 
James Gordoun, the tua keiparis of the signet, Thomas M'Awlay, Robert Kirkwode, 
Hary Osburne, Johne Baird, Hew Rose, Mr. James Farquharsoun, Hary Weache, 
Andro Nemo, Andro Hay, Arthour Stratoun, elder, Robert Wallace, David 
Crichtoun, Maister Johne Paip, Johne Peter, Richarde Guthrie, Danyell Melvil, 
Maister Richard Kene, Andro Mansoun, Johne Mwdie, Thomas Edzar, James 
Guthrie, Archibald Gibsoun, Maister Patrik Maxwell, Richard Mosman, William 
Inglis, Peter Barboure, Alexander Douglas, James Kirkwode, Johne Smith, having 
convenit within the hich tolbuith of Edinburgh, the day forsaid, for considering and 
conferring anent the ovirture and desyre of the advocattis to have ane commissioun 
to sex advocattis and the deane of Facultie, and fyve wryteris and ane clerk, to 
decerne and determine anent all materis that suld concern the incorporatioun of the 
advocattis and wryteris, ather of thame, for thair awin pairtis, of the taxatioun latelie 
grantit, or the dewtie of tua for the ten of ilk hundreth, or ony uther mater con- 
cerning f hair priveleges ; the saidis wryteris convenit, as said is, and thair vottis 
being particularlie inquyrit anent the premises, all in ane voce dissasentit fra giving 
of any commissioun in generall for ony thingis concerning the said incorporatioun 
betuix the saidis advocattis and wryteris : and declairis that thai aggrie and ar 



i633l ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 

content to conjoyne with the advocattis anent the said taxatioun, or ony privileges 
concerning the haill bodie, being particularlie condiscendit upoun, the wryteris 
allwayes chosiug thair awin commissioneris equall in nwmer with the commissioneris 
of the advocattis. And siclike the saidis wryteris convenit, as said is, all in ane 
voce discharges David Andersoun, James Stratoun, Robert Pringill, Mr. Francis 
Hay, and Johne Leremonth, off all proceeding in the materis foirsaidis with the 
advocattis without the advyse of the haill brether wryteris to the signet ; becaus 
the saidis personis joynit with the advocattis in the premises of befoir without 
consent of the bodie and rest of the wryteris." 

12th August. Admission of Gawin Burnet, lately prentice and servitor to 
Andrew Hay, writer to the signet. Duty £12. 

12th August. The writers meeting with Sir Archibald Achesone, secretary, 
ratify the preceding act of 1st August. 

14th August. Admission of Thomas Darling, late servitor to Robert Wallace, 
writer to the signet. Duty £12. 

30th September. Indenture of Alexander Kaa, son of James Kaa of Corslaittis, 
as prentice to Thomas Forrest, writer to the signet, for five years from date, 10th 
August last. William and Alexander Kaa, his uncles, consent. Duty £6. 

16th November. Indenture of Alexander Levingstoun, son of William 
Levingstoun, portioner of Falkirk, as prentice to Hew Rose, writer to the signet, 
for four years from date, 6 th February last. 

15th November. "The bretherene of the wryteris to the signet under- writtin, 
thay ar to say, Maisteris James G-ordoun and James Law, the tua keiparis of the 
signet, Thomas MAwlay, James Stratoun, Robert Pringill, Andro Hay, Hary 
Osburne, Hew Rose, David Crichtoun, Hew Tod, Thomas Forrest, Andro Nemo, 
James Wilsoun, Johne Baird, Johne Gilmour, Johne Peter, Johne NicoU, Richard 
Mosman, Thomas Edzar, Arthour Stratoun, younger, George Mak, Archibauld 
Gibsoun, William Inglis, Robert Kirkwod, Maister Johne Paip, Johne Mwdie, Johne 
Smith, Patrik Hamiltoun, Patrik Small, Richarde Guthrie, Mr. Patrik Maxwell, 
James Kirkwode, Maister Richarde Kene, Adame Watt, Robert Wallace, Thomas 
Darling, Andro Mansoun, being convenit in the dwellinghous of the said Mr. 
James Gordoun, conforme to the directioun of the commissioneris of the wryteris 
to the signet, be pluralitie of voytes, eftir long ressoning and dispute anent the 
expediency of augmentatioun to the sowme of tuenty thowsand merkis alredy offerit 
for tua of the ten for the pairt of the advocattis, clerkis, and wryteris to the 
signet, the saidis bretherene consentit and aggreit that sum forder augmentatioun 
be grantit, with speciall provisioun that the clerkis of sessioun and signet have 
the absolute libertie of chosing of thair awin stent maisteris be thame selffis, equall 
in nowmer with the stent maisteris to be chosin be the advocattis thame selffis : 
Quha thaireftir sail all joyne togidder for perfyting of the bissines, and that for 
the samyn stent to be grantit as said is, immunitie and libertie to the wyffis, 
bairnis, and executouris of the saidis advocattis, clerkis, and wryteris, that thai 



264 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1633 

may be frie of tua of ten during the thre yeiris mentionat in the act of parlia- 
ment." 

23d November. "Sederunt, Maister Johne Skene, Maister James Gordoun, 
Maister James Law, Thomas Mackawlay, Robert Pringill, Andro Nemo, Eobert 
Kirkwode, Maister Richarde Kene, John Baird, James Wilsoun." 

The commissioners and remanent brethren above written, being convened in 
" the hich hall of the dwellinghous " of Mr. James Gordoun, for choosing of two of 
the clerks and writers to the signet, " ffor ressaving of the new and honest declara- 
tioun of the haill brether," of their "frie moneyis for the quhilkis thai ressave 
annuelrent," to the effect that a competent offer be made by them, jointly with the 
advocates, "for the tua of ten of the hundreth" payable by act of parliament. 
Mr. John Skene and Mr. James Gordoun are chosen. 

9th Decembee. " The keiparis and wryteris to the signet being convenit to 
ane grit nowmer within the hich tolbuith of Edinburgh, and a list of foure and 
twentie of thair nowmer being nominat, and devydit in tua tuelfBs, and that for 
electing and chosing of a certane nowmer of tham be the quhole bodie advocattis, 
clerkis, and wryteris, to be stent maisteris equall in nowmer with the stent maisters 
of the advocattis, to be chosin in the same forme for stenting of thair brethrene " 
to pay the £40,000 offered by " the said bodie " for their part of the present taxation 
" of tua for the ten, the saxtene penny and the ordinar taxatiouns grantit in the 
last parliament, haldin at Edinburgh upoun the xxviij of Junii last bipast." Those 
nominated and chosen are : — Thomas M'Awlay, Robert Kirkwode, John Lermonth, 
John NicoU, John Baird, Mr. James Farquharsoun, Hary Osburne, Hew Rose, Hew 
Tod, James Campbell, John Gilmour, Andrew Nemo. 

28th December. The commissioners and certain other writers being convened 
" in the signet chalmer," the Right Honourable Sir Archibald Achesoun, Knight, 
produced a deliverance of the Lords of Council and Session granted at the instance 
of Thomas, Earl of Haddington, to the effect that the said Earl, having resigned the 
superiority of the Temple lands in Scotland in the hands of the King, he should no 
longer be mentioned in infeftments of these lands as superior, nor otherwise 
troubled by persons desiring him to give them infeftment therein: and that the 
keepers of the signet be discharged from signetting letters of four forms, etc., 
raised against him in connection with such lands : which deliverance being so 
intimated to the writers, they ordain an act to be made in conformity therewith. 

1684. 

4th January. Admission of Mr. George Trotter, lately servitor to John 
Learmonth, as writer to the signet. Duty £12. 

14th January. Admission of Mr. John Sydsarf, sometime servitor to the late 
James Kynneir, writer to the signet. Duty £12. 

15th January. Admission of James Kennwye, lately servitor to the deceased 
John Ker. Duty £12. 



i634] ABSTKACT OF MINUTES 265 

24th January. Indenture of John Jafifray, second son of Mr. Alexander 
Jaffray, merchant, burgess of Aberdeen, as prentice to Robert Pringill, writer to 
the signet, for four years from date, at Aberdeen and Edinburgh, Ist and 12th 
November last 1633. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Mr. William Powrie, eldest son of Mr. Richard Powrie, minister 
at Dawick, as prentice to James Wilsoun, writer to the signet, for four years from 
date, 30th December last. Mr. Alexander Hay, one of the ordinary clerks of session, 
is cautioner. Duty £6. 

Indenture of James Deanes, son to Thomas Deanes, merchant, burgess of Edin- 
burgh, as prentice to Thomas Edzar, writer to the signet, for three years from date, 
8th October last. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Robert Meikiljohn, son of Robert Meikiljohn, skinner, burgess of 
Edinburgh, as prentice to John Lermunth, writer to the signet, for three years from 
date, 1st October last. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Mr. Andrew Williamson, son to James Williamson, Provost of the 
burgh of Peebles, as prentice to John Bannatyne, writer, for two years from date, 
26th November 1632. Duty £6. 

27th January. Indenture of Mr. Alexander Hamilton, son of the late James 
Hamilton of Hill, as prentice to James Kirkwode, writer to the signet, for four years 
from date, 28th November 1632. James Cochrane, merchant, burgess of Edinburgh, 
is a consenter. Duty £6. 

3d February. Indenture of Alexander Greg, son to John Greg, tailor, burgess 
of the Canongate, as prentice to George Watsoun, writer to the signet, for three 
years from date, 8th October last. Duty £6. 

5th February. Indenture of Patrick Knox, son of the late Mr. William 
Knox, minister at Cokpen, as prentice to William Inglis, writer to the signet, for 
five years from date, 1st July last. The consenters to the deed are Elizabeth 
Halyburnetoun, mother of the said Patrick, and John Halyburnetoun, elder, of 
Murehouslaw. Duty £6. 

20th February. Indenture of John Dewar, younger, son to John Dewar, 
elder, notary in Dunce, as prentice to Adam Watt, writer to the signet, for four years 
from date, 28th June 1632. Duty £6. 

2d May. Admission of Mr. John Alexander, late servitor to Hew Rose, writer 
to the signet. Duty £12. 

10th June. Indenture of Duncan Crawfurde, son of Alexander Crawfurde in 
Burne, as prentice to William Inglis, writer to the signet, for one year from date, 
14th November last. Duty £Q. 

20th June. Indenture of John Love, son of Robert Love, burgess of Paisley, 
as prentice to Peter Barbour, writer to the signet, for five years from date, at Paisley 
17th May last. Duty £6. 



266 THE SOCIETY OP WRITEES TO THE SIGNET [1634 

18th July. Admission of John Miller, late servitor to Robert Kirkwode, 
writer to the signet. Duty £12. 

19 th July. Indenture of James Scott, son of Thomas Scott, beer brewer, 
burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice to William Neilsoun, writer to the signet, for 
two years from date, 27th August 1633. Duty £6. 

21st July. Indenture of John Somervell, son to George Somervell, in Nether 
Scheilfeild, as prentice to Thomas Darling, writer to the signet, for three years 
from date, 18th July instant. Duty £6. 

1st December. Admission of James Kynneir, son of the late James Kynneir, 
writer to the signet. Duty £12. 



16 35. 

24th January. Indenture of Mr. Charles Henrysoun, son of the late Mark 
Henrysoun, burgess in Lawder, as prentice to Thomas Darling, writer to the 
signet, for three years from date, 7th November 1634. Janet Greve, relict of the 
said Mark, is a party to the indenture. Duty £6. 

26 th January. Indenture of George Harret, son to Mr. George Harret, 
minister at Kirkmaho, as prentice to Richard Guthre, writer to the signet, for 
four years from date, 11th June 1634. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Thomas M'Clair, son of George M'Clair, maltman in Prestoun, as 
prentice to Thomas Forrest, writer to the signet, for four years from date, 
25th October 1634. Duty £6. 

Indenture of Homer Greir, eldest son of John Greir, of Nether Keir, as 
prentice to Thomas Forrest, writer, for four years from date, 19th February 1634. 
Duty £6. 

Indenture of Robert Hay, eldest son of the late Robert Hay, writer in Edin- 
burgh, as prentice to Thomas Forrest, writer, for three years from date, 27th November 
1634. Jean Hamiltoun, mother of the said Robert, is a party. Duty £6. 

Indenture of John Watt, son to Alexander Watt, wright, citizen in Brechin, as 
prentice to Mr. John Paip, writer to the signet, for three years from date, 29th 
November 1634. Duty £6. 

31st January. Mr. Archibald Wilkie is, at his own desire, booked as servitor 
to John Smith, writer to the signet. Duty paid, but amount not stated. 

Indenture of John Auchinwallis, eldest son of Thomas Auchinwallis, burgess of 
Culros, as prentice to John Miller, writer to the signet, for three years from date, 
17th June 1634. Duty £6. 

2d February. Indenture of William Murehead, son of the late Mr. Thomas 
Murehead, minister at Cambusnethan, as prentice to Hew Rose, for four years 
from date, 31st December last. James Murehead of Lauchope, elder, is a party to 
the deed. Duty £6. 



1636] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 267 

4th February. James Cuthberfc is, at his own request, booked as servitor to 
Mr. James Farquharsoun, writer. Amount of duty not stated. 

23d February. Indenture of John Somervell, prentice and servitor to William 
Neilson, writer to the signet, for two years from Whitsunday 1633. The indenture 
is dated 11th February 1634. 

25 th February. Admission of John Bane, sometime prentice to the late 
Cuthbert Miller, writer to the signet, as writer to the signet. Duty £12. 

25 th March. Admission of Mr. Alexander Forbes, late prentice and servitor to 
John Baird, writer to the signet, as writer to the signet. Duty £12. 

1st April. Indenture of John Donaldson, son of John Donaldson, notary in 
Edinburgh, with consent of James Gibson, advocate, as prentice to John Mudie, 
writer to the signet, for three years from date, 22d January last. Duty £6. 

9th May. Indenture of Mr. John Sturgeon, son of Adam Sturgeon, merchant, 
burgess of Dumfreis, as prentice to Peter Barbour, writer to the signet, for two 
years from date, 8th November 1634. Duty £6. 

25th May. Admission of George Haldin, servitor to Mr. James Gordoun, one 
of the keepers of the signet, and sometime prentice to Hary Osburne, writer to 
the signet, as writer to the signet. 

28th August. Admission of John Sempill, late servitor and prentice to Hary 
Weache, writer to the signet, as writer to the signet. Duty £12. 

5th November. Indenture of Andrew Hog, brother-german to Mr. William 
Hog, servitor to Mr. Eoger Mowatt, advocate, as prentice to Quinten Kennedy, 
writer to the signet, for five years from date, 22d August last. Duty £6. 

12 th November. Indenture of John Johnston, second son of David Johnston, 
merchant, burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice to Mr. Richard Kene, writer to the 
signet, for two years from date, 19th March last. Duty £6. 

12th December. Indenture of Thomas Fairlie, son to Sir Eobert Fairlie, of 
Braid, knight, as prentice to John Miller, writer to the signet, for five years from 
date, 17th November last. Duty .£6. 

163 6. 

7th January. The keepers of the signet and the most part of the writers to 
the signet being convened in the " signet chalmer " according to His Majesty's 
warrant directed to the Lords of Session, appoint the hours betwixt ten and twelve 
before noon, and betwixt four and six afternoon, for affixing the signet to letters 
presented for that purpose, and the keepers of the signet are then to "attend 
preceislie " for that purpose. 



268 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1636 

18th February. Alexander Forbes is booked as servant to Daniel Melvile, 
writer to the signet. Duty £6. 

19th February. Indenture of Hew Nevine, younger, son of Hew Nevine, 
of Auchinmade, as prentice to Andrew Nimmo, writer to the signet, for five years 
from date, at Kilbirnie 15th July 1635. Duty £6. 

14th March. Indenture of John Clerk, eldest son of the late Thomas Clerk, 
notary in Deir, as prentice to John Peter, commissary of Peebles, and writer to the 
signet, for five years from date, 2d February 1635. Duty £6. 

23d March. Indenture of William Cairnis, son of the late William Cairnes 
of Pilmore, as prentice to Hew Eose, writer to the signet, for four years from 
date, 9th February last. Duty £6. 

5th May. Indenture of Mr. John Fynlay, son of John Fynlay, in Bodiehole, 
as prentice to John Baird, writer, for four years from Martinmas last. Duty £6. 

30th May. George Halyburtoun is reponed as writer to the signetj'from which 
he had been suspended " this lang tyme bygane." 

30th May. Intimation of the act against subscribing Bills etc. not written by 
themselves in their own buiths. 

4th Junk Admission of James Dawling, late prentice to Quintin Kennedy. £12. 

8th July. The prentice fees of Mr. Archibald Stevinstoun, servitor to Arthur 
Stratoun, younger, Mr. James Hay and Peter Duncan, servitors to Mr. Francis Hay, 
and George Gibson, servitor to Gawan Blair, are paid into the box, equal to £24. 

3d December. Admission of William Chalmer, son to George Chalmer of 
Auldquhat, and late prentice to Eobert Pringill. £12. 

30th December. Indenture of James Smeton, son of Hary Smeton in Cruikis, 
as prentice to James Kirkwode, writer to the signet, for four years from date, 5 th 
July last. £6. 

16 3 7. 

12th June. Admission of John Wilkie, writer in Edinburgh, sometime prentice 
to Alexander Douglas, writer to the signet, as writer to the signet. £12. 

18th July. Indenture of James Smith, son of William Smith, portioner of 
Nungate of Haddington, as prentice to James Kirkwode, for four years from date, 
24th January last. £6. 

9th August. Indenture of George Gavine, son of the late George Gavine of 
Collilaw, with advice of James Blackball, merchant, burgess of Aberdeen, as prentice 
to William Chalmers, for four years from 24th February last. £6. 



1643] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES SG9 



1638. 

2d Apkil. Admission of Eobert Alexander, servitor to John Mwdie, as writer 
to the signet. 

18th June. Indenture of Mr. James Stewart, son to Mr. William Stewart, late 
Provost of Glasgow, as prentice to Mr. Patrik Maxwell, writer to the signet, for 
four years from date, 21st August 1637. £6. 

12th July. Admission of Mr. Eobert Gilmure, son of the late John Gilmure, 
writer to the signet. 

16 42. 

5th March. Commission granted by the Earl of Lanark, secretary, in favour 
of Mr. Francis Hay, Eobert Pringill, James Stratoun, John Lermonth, Alexander 
Cowper, Hary Osburne, James Campbell, John Nicoll, John Mwdie, and George 
Haldin, writers to his majesty's signet, and Mr. Harie Maule, present keeper of 
the signet, or any four of them, conjunctly with the said Mr. Harie, and, in case of 
his absence, the said George Haldin. Thomas M'Awlay is appointed clerk as before. 

The said commission engrossed at length. 

8th March. Admission of Mr. James Cheyne, lately servitor to Eobert Pringill, 
W.S. £12. 

2d June. Indenture of John Finlay, son of James F., baxter, burgess of 
Edinburgh, as prentice to Mr. James Cheyne, for four years from 23d June last. 

16th July. Commission of Mr. Alexander Hamilton, lately servitor to James 
Kirkwode, W.S. £12. 

25th August. Indenture of Mr. Patrick Oliphant, eldest son of Mr. William 
Oliphant of Kirkhill, advocate, with consent of Janet Mauld, his mother, as 
prentice to John Miller, W.S., for three years, from 8th November 1641. Duty 
10 merks. 

27th September. Indenture of Eobert Smith, with consent of Jonet Smith, 
relict of David M'Call, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, and of Margaret Adieson, 
relict of Eobert Smith, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, as prentice to John Sempill, 
for six years, from 23d June 164:1. 10 merks. 

16 4 3. 

5th January. Indenture of James Campbell, son to the late John Campbell of 
Clathick, with consent of Sir Mungo Campbell of Lawers, and Alexander Menzies 
of Comrie, as prentice to Thomas Darling, W.S., for three years, from 25th January 
1642. 10 merks. 

2m 



270 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1643 

30th March. Indenture of William Hay, eldest son to Andrew Hay in Duncan- 
law, as prentice to James Kirkwode, for four years, from 20th November 1641. 
10 merks. 

30th March. Indenture of Robert Kaa, son to Robert Kaa, notary, as prentice 
to James Kirkwode, W.S., for three years, from 27th July 1642. 10 merks. 

15th May. Admission of Mr. William Henderson, late prentice to Robert 
Pringle, W.S., as writer to the signet. £12. 

16 44. 

15th March. Admission of John Hamilton, late prentice to John Mwdie. £12. 

16 47. 

9th January. John Nicoll, W.S., is chosen clerk to the writers in place of 
Thomas M'Awlay deceased. 

9th January. The brethren, being convened in "the auld sessioun house," 
ratify all former acts; and ordain "ane bulk to be maid quharin every wryter 
to the signet sail gif up the names of thair haill prenteissis and servandis, that 
thair names may be inroUit in that bulk, and ane lytill paterne of thair hand writt 
insert thairin to be conferrit with thair letteris sent to the signet." 

Also, it is ordained that Mr. Thomas Young, Alexander Douglas, and Adam 
Wat, " deall with Aulay ^ M'Aulay's relict anent the bulk and paperis being in ther 
handis belonging to the wiyteris, quha within sex dayis thairefter delyverit this 
bulk to Johne Nicoll thair clerk, with some certane scroUis and rollis of certane 
names of the memberis of the college of justice, not worth to be mentioned." 

All members being freemen are obliged to attend at the public meetings, on 
warning, under pain of 12s. Scots toties quoties. 

" Item that everie wryter being wamit to anotheris buriall, his wyfiF or chyldrene, 
and refuisand or being absent, sail pay 12s." 

Adam Wat and Hary Osburne ordained " to sicht the box " and report ; who, 
having done so, report that they find an assignation by the late Thomas M'Awlay to 
the brethren of a bond of 1000 merks, granted to him by the Laird of Kilspindie, 
" bot findis not the band." 

They also find another assignation by the .said Thomas to them of a bond by 
James Kennoway, but not the bond ; also another assignation by the same to them 
of 500 merks, in bond granted by Mr. Alexander Hay, and Mr. James Farquharsoun, 
but not the bond ; also, assignation by the same to them of bond by Robert and 
William Kirkwods for 350 merks, but " missis the band." 

Item, a note under said Thomas M'Aulay's hand on taking out of Kirkwode's 
bond to be registered in 1644. 

Item, a bond of 200 merks granted to said Thomas by John M'Gie of Glessok 
and Alex. Crichtoun, with his assignation thereof in favour of the brethren. These 
are all put in the box. 

They find no money in the box save two new dollars, and some notes, whereof 
£89 are bestowed on pious uses. 

1 "Thomas," on margin. 



i649] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 271 

There are given up to the brethren the names of persons alleged to wrong the 
calling by writing bills, etc., viz. John Somervell ; James Crystie, servitor to the 
Earl of Callendar ; James Gordoun, messenger. 

The brethren are discharged to acknowledge their hand written bills, etc., 
especially Daniel Melville, William Chalmers, James Kynneir, and Peter Barbour, 
who have contravened in this way. 

11th November. Admission of Thomas Hunter as writer to the signet. 
£3 taken from the box, and given to "ane poist" to carry a letter to Sir 
Archibald Douglas of Spott. 

30th December. Admission of James Crystie and William Hunter. 

1648. 

11th January. Being convened in the Parliament House, "anent their voytes, 
craved quhidder thair annualrent of fyve hundreth pundis destinat and mortifyeit 
for ane help to ane professor in the college of Edinburgh according to the first 
institution, sould be imployit to that use, or for intertenement of ane burser." 
Mr. Henrie Maule being moderator, all refused "the inversioun of the first 
fundatioun, and ordained the professor to be preferred." 

24th March. Admission of Eobert Hamiltoun, late servitor to Thomas Forrest. 

19th April. Admission of Mr. Robert Hamiltoun, servitor to John Mudie. 
Duty 20 merks. 

Given from the box, £20 to Mr. David Mureheid's relict, and four dollars to the 
relict of William Neilsoun, both writers to the signet. 

2d September. Admission of John Rowane, as W.S. 

1649. 

1st May. Commission by William, Earl of Lothian, secretary, in favour of 
Mark Cas of Cokpen, "my depute and keiper of the signet," Mr. Francis Hay, 
Eobert Pringill, John Nicoll elder, John Learmont, Adam Watt, Hary Osburne, 
Hew Ros, John Sempill, Mr. George Trotter, James Campbell, Quintene Kennedy, 
writers to the signet, or any four of them, the keeper of the signet being always one. 

1 8th May. Admission of James Tynto and Thomas Dickson, as writers to the 
signet. 

20th June. Admission of James Allan, late servitor to Robert Pringill. 

14th July. Convened in the "signet chalmer," Robert Pringill, John 
Lermonth, Mr. George Trotter, James Campbell, Hary Osburne, John Sempill, and 
Hew Ros, they ordain Hary Osburne and Adam Wat, to " take tryall of the box 
and conditionis thairof, and bandis and assignatiounis thairin contenit, and to report 
to the brethrene." 



272 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET [1649 

" Also that the keiper speik Mr. Alexander Hay, to get the auld box from the 
relict of umquhill Mr. Harie Mauld." 

Also the said Haiie Osburn and Adam Wat, " to agent the business for the 
box, and to get in the bandis from David Kinloch." 

Robert Hay, Thomas Hunter, Robert Hamiltoun, James Tynto, Thomas 
Dicksoun, and James Allane, ordained to pay their contributions to the box, of 
20 merks each. 

John Rowane paid 10 merks by way of composition to the box, which was 
accepted, " becaus he servit at the signet in Mr. Mauldis tyme." 

Ordained that all letters passing the signet be marked by whom they are 
written ; and that none pass but such as are written by writers to the signet, 
thefr prentices and servants. 

That no letters be signeted to Robert Wallace till his prentices' and servants' 
names be given up to the clerk to be recorded, " in respect that he is knawin to be 
a commoun resaver of all soirtis of pepill in his booth, and a notorius contravenar 
of the actis." 

George Halden ordered to record his prentices. 

Mr. Francis Hay to be written to anent the remainder of the taxation, and to 
give up a list of his servants' names. 

That all prentices pay ten merks, of which £6 to the box, and 13s. 4d. is to the clerk. 

James Crystie is found to have complained wrongfully against Mark Kerse, 
keiper of the signet, who is found to have behaved dutifully ; because the said 
James presented letters " disconforme " to the warrant, and is therefore suspended 
till a new meeting. 

John Rowane produced the box with money and writs, which is put into the 
keeper's custody. 

24th July. James Tynto gave in 20 merks, 

28th July. Robert Wallace is censured at the instance of Andro Ker of 
Morestoun, " for steilling throw of ane decrete aganes him without citation," and 
the said decreet having been reduced, the said Robert is ordained to take out 
the horning at his own expense. 

Another complaint is given in against the said Robert Wallace, by the 
procurator fiscal, for having a bill of advocation, where in the narrative he 
advocated a pursuit from a sheriff, and when the bill was past, " he cuttit af the 
taill of the bill," and discharged the sheriff and all other judges. " And quhen this 
come to Mr. John Kynneir's knawledge, he came to signet, and fand the bill cuttit, 
and ane generall clans of advocatioun insert." The commissioneris refer this to 
further trial, the bill and warrant to be sought out. 

Another complaint being given in against him by John Nicoll, writer, the 
commissioners, unwilling to hear it further, ordain the said Robert 'Wallace to 
submit himself to the keeper, and to Hary Osburn, Adam Wat, and Hew Ros; 
which he most willingly did, and promised to bring in his prentices' indentures to 
be recorded, and to pay, etc. 

The letters of Robert Hay and others who have not paid their admission duty 
of 20 merks, to be detained until they pay. 

8th August. Admission of Andrew Rutherfurd. Duty, 20 merks. 



1650] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 273 

15th September. James Mowat, W.S., is suspended for forming a bill at the 
instance of John Amot against Jean Hart, in which, after passing of the bill of 
suspension, he had cited certain particulars which were not in the bill before 
passing, nor in the bond of cautionery. He is ordained to pay 40 merks to the 
box. 

December. Thomas Hunter and Eobert Hamilton pay into the box 20 
merks each. 

16th November. Being convened in the signet chamber, the " maist pairt of 
the brethren " enacted that, in addition to the former act for fining absents from 
their meetings, those who do not compear before the lords of session when they 
are called, shall be fined in like manner. 

Hary Osburne and Adam Wat are ordained " to tak cours " with the bonds in 
the box. Some other acts renewed. 

2 2d November. Before the commissioners compeared Archibald Aikman, 
" deane of the gildis oflScer " of Edinburgh, and produced the following bonds 
" belonging to the body of the calling," although drawn up in Thomas M'Awley's 
name : — 

1. Bond of the Laird of Maynes and his son, of 1000 merks : dated 21st 

November 1644. 

2. Bond by Eobert Kirkwode and his son, for 350 merks : dated June 1638, 

registered November 1644. 

3. Bond by Alexander Crichtoun, for 200 merks : July 1636. 

4. Bond by James Kennoway, for £80 : dated 31st December 1636. 

5. Bond by Mr. Alexander Hay and Mr. James Ferguson, for 500 merks : 

dated 4th March 1635, registered March 1644. 

6. Bond by John Kello and George Halden, for 400 merks : 25th July 1644. 

These bonds are granted in favour of said Thomas M'Awley, but belong to the 
body of the calling, as is evident by the assignations thereof granted by the said 
Thomas. John Nicoll, their clerk, is therefore ordained to grant discharge thereof 
to the said Archibald Aikman, and the bonds thereupon are locked up in the box. 

1650. 

12th January. The commissioners grant £20 out of the box to Archibald 
Aikman and David Kinloch for delivering the bonds to the commissioners, which 
bonds had been "miscareyet the tyme of the pest in anno 1645, and at the 
cleyngeing of Auley M'Aulay's hous, and wer keipit be the said Archibald and 
David." 

It is ordained that the keeper, with the clerk, Hary Osburne and Adam Wat, 
make compt and reckoning with George Halden, anent the bond for 400 merks, 
and the interest thereof 

The keeper of the signet, Eobert Pringill, and John Nicoll, are ordained to con- 
vene Alexander Leslie and the rest of the young men in Mr. Francis Haye's chamber, 
" to tak tryell by quhat warrand they writt bills and lettres, seeing thair maister 



274 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1650 

hes left the toun, and to try gif thai haif ony directioun fra their maister to that 
effect." 

1 7th January. Eobert Hay's admission fee of 20 merks paid. 

Penult of February. Admission of John Somerville, writer, subscribed by 
William Dounie, clerk to the court of justice. 

6th March. Admission of George Ogill. Pays 20 merks. 

13th March. Admission of Alexander Beattoun. 20 merks. 

13th April. Admission of John NicoU, younger, "and pat in the box xx 
merks, hot was gevin bak agane to him, becaus he is a wryteris sone and sa a 
privilegit persone." 

— April. Mr. Alexander Carmichael admitted. 20 merks. 

16 5 2. 

18th August. Admission of Mr. George Cruikshank, prentice to John Sempill, 
as writer to the signet. 

1654. 

25th January. Admission of Patrick Wilson, writer. Duty, 10 merks. Sub- 
scribed by Mr. John Spreule, one of the clerks of the court of justice. 

13th March. John Sempill, Harie Osburne, Quinten Kennedy, Eobert 
Wallace, Eichard Guthrie, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, and George Mak, writers to 
the signet, and Samuel Mosley, keeper of the signet, being convened in the new 
session house of Edinburgh, Mr. George Cruikshank, writer to the signet, pro- 
duced a commission subscribed by the commissioners for the administration of justice 
to the people of Scotland, constituting the aforenamed persons commissioners for 
the writers to the signet. 

John NicoU, elder, produced this book of acts. 

The commissioners elect John SempiU preses for this meeting, and until the 1st 
of June. 

Mr. George Cruikshank is chosen clerk to the meeting, and longer till he be 
discharged. 

Writers are to give up their servants' names, under pain of 5s. sterling to the 
poor. 

No letters are to be signeted, unless to writers actually residing in Edinburgh. 

The box, with the bonds, etc., " conceaved in favour of the poor of the wry ters " 
is to be called in, that what is due to the poor may be recovered. 

Each writer to the signet who has been lately admitted gratis, to pay 20 merks 
for the use of the poor " of the calling," and those not admitted gratis to pay 
10 merks. 

James Mowat and Thomas Dickson are to be warned to compear before the 
commissioners at their next meeting. 



i6S5] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 275 

George Mak is appointed treasurer. 

Writers who have been admitted since 1652 are ordained to pay to the keeper 
of the signet " conforme to the use and wont of his predecessors keepers of the 
signet wer in use to receive of befoir " as a casualty belonging to his place. 

Writers admitted since the year 1650, to produce their admissions to the clerk 
for registration, and prentices to produce their indentures. 

1 6 .5 5. 

12th January. William Chalmers, W.S., is added to the commission. 

Samuel Mosley, keeper of the signet, is elected preses until 1st August next. 

It is ordained that no writer to the signet subscribe for another brother without 
a warrant from "the maister writer of the letters" uuder pain of 20s. sterling, 
and that every servant to any writer shall book himself and pay 5s. sterling to the 
box every time he enters on such service. 

21st February. Admission of Alexander Leslie, writer, by the commissioners 
for administration of justice to the people in Scotland, being examined and found 
qualified by the writers to the signet. Duty 1 merks. His admission is subscribed 
by WUliam Downie, one of the "clerks of justice." 

1st June. Admission of Mr. David Watsone, writer. Duty, 10 merks. Sub- 
scribed ut supra. 

16th June. Admission of John Alexander, writer. Duty, 10 merks. Sub- 
scribed by James Broune, one of the clerks of the court of justice. 

9th January. Admission of Mr. .Fohn Bayne, writer. Duty 10 merks. Sub- 
scribed by William Downie. » 

26th July. Admission of Andrew Aikman, writer. Duty and subscription id 



23d November. Admission of Mr. William Charters, after examination taken 
by Quintin Kennedie, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, Richard Guthrie, George Mak, and 
Mr. George Cruickshank, writers to the signet, as commissioners nominated by the 
hon. commissioners for administration of justice. Subscribed by William Downie. 

27th November. Admission of Mr. James Gilkersone, writer, in similar form. 
The examiners being Richard Guthrie, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, and Robert Wal- 
lace. Duty, 10 merks. Subscription by James Browne. 

4th December. Admission of Robert Neill, examined by John Sempill, 
William Chalmers, and Mr. John Bayne. Duty, 10 merks. Subscription by 
William Downie. 

7th December. Admission of Robert Pringill, son of the deceased Robert 
Pringill, writer to the signet. Examined by Robert Wallace, William Chalmers, 
and Mr. James Cheyne. Subscribed by William Downie. 



276 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1656 



165 6. 

18th January. Admission of George Sibbald, examined by the same examiners. 
Duty, 10 merks. Subscribed by W. Downie. 

2d March. The commissioners, conform to their commissions, dated 9th Novem- 
ber 1655, being convened in pleno consessu, and "considering the manifold abusses 
that daylie occurres amongs the wryters to the signet, either through Ignorance or 
informaliteis, or at leist through maisters thair inadvertencie to their servants, 
whereby that calling which of old was in much credit, is now rendered somewhat 
contemptible, to the great discuragement of faithfull and able men who studie to 
approve themselfs honestlie in their professione," do unanimously conclude upon the 
following acts : — 

1. That all admissions of writers to the signet shall be upon recommendation 

of "the tuo pairt" of the commissioneris (their consents not being 
obtained per emandicata suffragia) to the commissioners for the admini- 
stration of justice, or others having power for the time. 

2. That none be recommended for admission except by the commissioners for 

the writers, who, being convened, shall subscribe the recommendations 
only after due trial of the applicant. 

3. That none be recommended or admitted " but by the deceis or deprivation 

of one of the brethren," and only such as have served in the said ofiBce 
as servant or prentice for seven years. 

4. Calling to mind the truth and honesty of their predecessors, which " pro- 

ceeded upon their few number," and that the admission of a multitude 
has only bred manifold disorders, and the want of employment " has 
drawne upone the maist pairt of them povertie," it is ordained that none 
shall be recommended or admitted in any way until " the haill number of 
the ordinar wryters be redacted and retrinshed to the number of thirtie- 
six persones," and that number never hereafter to be exceeded. 

5. That unity and concord be maintained among the brethren, and any brother 

threatening or injuring another by word or deed shall be, for the first 
fault, suspended until he satisfy the offended party, and pay £20 to the 
box, and for every fault thereafter, suspended, and the fine doubled, 
toties qmties ; and the party offended to have recourse to the commissioners 
for the writers, under pain of £10 to the box. 

6. Any writer convicted judicially for " falset " shall be deprived simpliciter. 

7. Any writer revealing the secrets of his client to the " adversar pairtie " to 

be deprived simpliciter. 

8. The old act in regard to subscribing letters or warrants, etc., revived. 

9. The act against writers being procurators or common agents in courts, and 

requiring them to be free men and keep open chambers, revived. 



i656] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 277 

10. Act against procixring or erecting any " new particular ofiBce," revived. 

11. That no writers write for the clients of others, and whose debts are 

unpaid. 

12. That no writer write over again any deeds originally formed by another 

writer, under pain of suspension, and fine of £20 to the box. 

13. The act anent depending upon " auld servands," revived. 

14. That no writer to the signet " tak up publict tavernes or oppen houses 

for selling of meat and drink," and those who had already done so to 
" discharge themselflfs thereof " before Martinmas. 

15. Act against careless writing, blotting, and erasing, revived. 

16. Act for registration of indentures, revived. 

17. Act against writers being clerks to any trade, revived. 

18. That the writers keep quarterly meetings in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, 

and absents to be fined 10 merks. 

19. That a box be provided for keeping the fines, unlaws, dues, and charitable 

donations, " to be employed for the suply of the decayed wryteris, thair 
wjrves and children." 

20. That there be a treasurer appointed yearly for keeping the box, and 

employing the money on sufficient security in his own name " for the 
Weill of the body," the president to have one key and the treasurer the 
other, and the box to be opened, and the money employed only by 
advice of the commissioners. 

21. That an officer be elected for warning the brethren of meetings, at the 

yearly salary of £20. 

22. That all treasurers and collectors who have hitherto acted be exonered 

and discharged on production of their rolls, etc., before the com- 
missioners. 

23. That each writer pay on admission 20 merks ; and that at the close of 

each session, two or three days before the rising thereof, every writer 
pay to the box 12s. Scots, or more if he pleases. 

24. No writers or their servants to attest any bonds of cautionery in 

suspensions, lawborrows, looseing of arrestments, etc., under pain of £20 
Scots for each offence. 

25. That a procurator fiscal be elected for the writers yearly, who shall " pas 

through the bretheren's chalmers and tak tryeU " of enormities, etc., and 
report monthly to the commissioners. 

2n 



«7ft THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET [1657 



165 7. 

2d Februaky. Ratification of all former acts. 

George Mak is elected treasurer for the year, and William Eos procurator fiscal. 

Alexander Forrest is continued for the year as ofiicer, 

21st October, New commission, by Sir William Lockhart of Ley, younger, 
one of his highness's Council in Scotland, in favour of John Sempill, James 
Campbell, Robert Wallace, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, Alexander Beatone, Mr. John 
Bayue, Mr. James Cheyne, Arthur Stratoun, Mr. Robert Hamilton, Robert Hamilton, 
James Allan, Alexander Leslie, " writers to the signet and keeper of the signet for 
the tyme, or any fyve of them, the keiper being always one." Dated at Paris, 25th 
June 1657. 

Act of acceptance of said commission, which was presented by Mr. John 
Lockart, keeper of the signet, and opened and read by Mr. George Cruickshank, 
clerk to the writers. 

Mr. John Bayne and John Eouane appointed to meet with George Mak, 
treasurer, to " sight " the box, and report to next meeting. 

William Ros, procurator fiscal, gives up the names of Patrick Done, John 
Trotter, Daniel Cathcart, David Rattray, John M'Kenzie, and Adam Nisbet for 
keeping " chalmers " while they are not writers to the signet ; and Robert Alexander, 
ArcTiibald Gibsone, and Patrick WUsone, for subscribing the letters of the aforesaid 
persons. They are all cited to compear on the 26th inst., within the Parliament 
house. 

165 8. 

14th April. Sederunt, commissioners, Robert Wallace, Mr. James Cheyne, 
Mr. John Bayne, Mr. Robert Hamiltone, James Allan, and James Crawfurd, " keiper 
deputt of the signet." 

The said James Crawfurd is nominated preses for the present meeting. 

Mr. John Bayn reported anent the box, that he had several times spoken to 
George Mak, treasurer, who promised to draw up an account of his intromissions 
with the moneys and papers belonging to the writers' box, but had not done so ; 
and the said George Mak being warned to this meeting, and questioned on the 
matter, answered that " he behooved to have ane competent tyme " to prepare the 
account, which, being considered, the commissioners ordain him to give to Mr. 
George Cruickshank, their clerk, "ane formall and exact compt" of the moneys, 
bonds, etc., since the 13th day of March 1654, betwixt and the 24th instant, under 
pain of suspension. 

George Sibbald, cited for contravention of the acts, and not compearing, is 
warned to the next meeting. 

John M'Kenzie, agent, being " convened " before the commissioners as servant 
to the said George Sibbald, contrary to the acts, and interrogated " whether he 
writt his oune employment or George Sibbald's," declared that " all he did was in 
George Sibbald's chalmer, and for his behoof, being his propper imployment." 



I6S8] ABSTEACT OP MINUTES 279 

And some of the commissioners being informed that the said John M'Kenzie had 
written letters of lawborrows at his own instance against several persons in 
Kirkcaldy, he was desired to produce the same, which he did : and the commis- 
sioners finding that they were informal and contrary to the act of Parliament, 
ordain them to remain in the clerk's hands till George Sibbald, the subscriber thereof, 
compear. 

The commissioners being informed by their procurator fiscal that John Trotter, 
Adam Nisbet, Daniel Cathcart, Mr. William Lawder, Ninian NicoU, David Ratrie, 
John Crawfurd, and Henrie Innes, keep open chambers, take prentices, and write 
letters, to the prejudice of the brethren and general ofiSce, they discharge all 
writers to the signet from subscribing the bills, letters, or precepts of the said 
persons, under pain of deprivation. 

Patrick Don, cited for the same offences, and not compearing, is warned to the 
next meeting, when, if it should appear that he is " doing his endeavour " to get 
himself admitted writer, they will take the condition to their consideration. 

Patrick Wilsone, cited for contravening the acts, and not compearing, the com- 
missioners forbid his letters, etc., to be signed till he compear to answer su'per 
inquirendis. 

Archibald Gibsone, charged with subscribing letters for agents, etc., denies the 
same, and engages to avoid that fault under pain of deprivation. 

Robert Alexander, delated for the same fault, and not compearing, is warned to 
the next meeting. 

John Somervaill, who was lately suspended for writing letters of horning " dis- 
conforme" to the warrant, gave in a bill confessing his "escaip," and humbly 
desiring to be reponed, which is granted. 

Next meeting is appointed for the 19 th inst. 

1 9th April. Sederunt, John Sempill, Robert Wallace, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, 
Mr. John Bayne, Mr. Robert Hamilton, Alexander Beatoune, Alexander Leslie, 
James Allane, James Crawfurd, " keeper depute " of the signet. 

James Crawfurd is continued preses of the present meeting. 

George Sibbald, convened for keeping John M'Kenzie in his chamber, who was 
a common agent, against the act "that young wryters sail not keip old servants for 
coUouring of thair ignorance," and for subscribing letters written by him " as his 
oune imployment," confessed that he was ignorant of any such act ; and as to sub- 
scribing the letters, confessed the fault, and that he subscribed fiAe impHcita, and 
was now content to submit himself to the censure of the commissioners ; also the 
said John M'Kenzie confessed that " he was onlie in the wrong in presenting of such 
letters to be subscryved be him, and promised that he wold goe betuixt him and 
any danger that he might incurr thairby." The commissioners ordered the said 
George Sibbald to put away the said John M'Kenzie " furth of his wryting chamber," 
and ordered them both to pay to the box £20 Scots; and the said John to relieve 
the said George thereof in terms of his promise. 

Alexander Aikenhead, writer, and Adam Nisbet, common agent, cited for keeping 
an open chamber together, and taking prentices, contrary to the acts, the latter 
compeared, denied that he kept a chamber with the said Alexander Aikenhead, his 
father-in-law, and affirmed that the benefit of the chamber accrued to the said 
Alexander only. Being desired to retire for a little until the commissioners should 



280 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET [1658 

deliberate as to further examination, the said Adam " went his way abruptlie." 
Alexander Aikenhead did not compear. The commissioners therefore order that 
no letters written by the latter be signeted until both the accused appear to answer 
swp&r inguirendis. 

Patrick Wilson, compearing, denied that he subscribed letters for agents ; but 
confessed " the exercesing of ane uther oflSce and imployment at Kirkaldie by being 
ane waiter," for which he received a " sallarie from the Inglishes." He is suspended. 

26th April. Sederunt, James Campbell, Mr, Alexander Hamilton, Robert 
Wallace, Alexander Leslie, Mr. Robert Haroilton, James Allane, and James Crawfiird, 
keeper depute. 

James Crawfurd continued preses for the present meeting. 

George Sibbald, compearing, declared that he was " much weighted " for giving 
oflfence, and intended "to walk more cautiouslie" for the future; and that in 
obedience to their order he had put away John M'Kenzie ; therefore desiring that 
his letters might be signed as formerly, and a competent time allowed for payment 
of his fine. The commissioners give way to his writing and subscribing letters, 
and order the same to be signeted until next meeting : but if the fine shall not 
be paid betwixt and then, the former sentence shall stand in full force. It is 
ordered that no letters written by John M'Kenzie be signeted until the fine be 
paid. 

George Mak, having given in his account, the keeper of the signet, James 
Allan, and the clerk, are appointed to revise it. 

Alexander Aikenhead, compeared on the former charge, and denied the faults. 
He was questioned in regard to one Lyell, who wrote in his chamber, whether he 
was servant to him or to Adam Nisbet. He afiirmed that he was apprentice to 
himself. He was ordered to produce the indenture within fifteen days for proof, 
and if not, his letters should be stopped at the signet. 

John Alexander, " convened " for keeping an old servant, who had been prentice 
to Thomas Dickson, writer, and so was longer at the calling than the said John ; 
and also for keeping in his chamber a boy who " is actuall servant " to Mr. William 
Lauder, a common agent ; and for writing for the said Mr. William " at ane feckless 
and unworthie pryce below the ordinar rait of wryting." The said John Alexander 
declared, in regard to the first charge, that his servant had not been so long at the 
calling as himself, but if it would please the commissioners he would put him away ; 
in regard to the second charge, that the boy alleged to be actual servant to Mr. 
William Lauder, was only with him on trial ; and as to writing for the latter at 
" ane feckles pryce," he denied the same. Being desired to declare " the trewth of 
what he exacted " from the said Mr. William, he said " that he conceived it not 
handsome for him to declair or mak known to any." Being removed for a 
little, and again called, and required to state the " trew pryce," he " plainlie 
refused." Therefore his letters were ordered to be stopped until he should declare 
the price. 

Richard Guthrie, wiiter, to be warned to next meeting, being Monday next, 3d 
May. 

31st May 1658. Sederunt, Mr. James Cheyne, Alexander Bettone, Alexander 
Leslie, James Allane, Robert Hamilton, James Crawford, keeper depute. 



1658] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 281 

James Crawfurd produced a bond granted by John M'Kenzie for £20 of fine 
lately imposed upon him by the commissioners, and the bond is to be kept by the 
said James till next meeting. 

George Mak, cited, and not compearing, is warned to the next meeting. 

Alexander Aikenheid's letters are ordered to be stopped till he produce the 
indenture between him and Lyell. 

John Alexander compeared, and having given satisfaction in regard to the 
various charges against him, was rebuked. 

The commissioners order that no letters written be Mr. Alexander Forrest, their 
officer, be signeted, until " he tak him to ane maister." 

4th August. Indenture of William Robertson, son of Henrie Robertson, 
merchant burgess of Edinburgh, prentice to Mr. William Henrysone, W.S., for 
four years from his entry on 17th June 1658. Duty, 10 merks. 

6th August. Indenture of James Patoune, son of John Patoune of Middle- 
Bellilisk, prentice to Mr. Robert Hamilton, W.S., for three years from date 10th 
January 1658. 10 merks. 

Andrew Young declared himself to be servitor to Richard Guthrie, W.S., since 
January 1657. Duty, 10 merks. 

William Guthrie declared himself servitor to said Richard Guthrie since 
November 1655. Paid "conform to order." 

Mr. Alexander Pantone booked as prentice to Richard Guthrie since January 
1658. Paid 10 merks. 

Robert Muschet, son of Robert Muschet of Craighead, booked as servant to 
John Nicoll, elder, W.S., since November 1656. 10 merks. 

AUane Thomson booked as servant to John Muir since June 1654. Paid 
conform. 

John M'Kenzie booked as servant and prentice to Robert Alexander, W.S., 
since May 1658. 10 merks. 

Mr. Alexander Irving, as servant and prentice to Mr. Alexander Hamilton, 
since November 1656. 10 merks. 

George Will, servant to William Chalmers, since November 1654. 10 merks. 

John Halden, servant to John Alexander, since June 1656. 10 merks. 

John Williamson, servant to John Alexander, since December 1657. 10 merks. 

James Wilkie, prentice and servant to James Crystie, since November 1655. 
10 merks. 

Indenture of Mr. William SydserfT, son of the late Mr. George Sydserff, minister 
at the kirk of Cock[burnspath], prentice to Robert Hay for three years since 1st July 
1657. 10 merks. Archibald Sydserff, bailie of Edinburgh, his uncle, consents. 

Indenture of James Crichtoun, son of the late James Crichtoun of Westeradie, 
prentice to Mr. William Henrysone, for five years from 29th March 1658. Laurence 
Mercer, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, consenter. 10 merks. 

Indenture of William Hay, son to Mr. Alexander Hay of Baro, prentice to 
Robert Hay, for three years from Whitsunday last. 10 merks. 

7th August. William Nicoll booked as servant to John Nicoll, elder. 10 
merks. 



THE SOCIETY OF WEITEBS TO THE SIGNET [1658 

16 th October. Admission of Walter Ewing, sometime prentice to John 
Sempill, as writer to the signet. 20 merks. 

1st November. Admission of Bartholomew Robertson, sometime prentice to 
Mr. Alex. Hamilton, as writer to the signet. £12. 

Indenture of Alexander Forbes, son of the late William Forbes in Kinstair, 
prentice to Mr. Eobert Hamilton, for two years since 9th August last. 10 merks. 

Indenture of Alexander Binnie, son of the late John Binnie, merchant burgess of 
Edinburgh, prentice to Mr. Eobert Hamilton since 10th February 1657. 10 merks. 

Indenture of Harie Grahame, son of Eobert Grahame of Boshelsholme, prentice to 
Mr. William Thomson: date 13th February 1658. 10 merks. 

24th November. Sederunt, John Sempill, James Campbell, Eobert Wallace, 
Mr. Alexander Hamilton, Mr. James Cheyne, Arthur Straton, Mr. John Bayne, 
Eobert Hamilton, Mr. Eobert Hamilton, James Allan, James Crawfurd, keeper 
depute of the signet. 

Intimation is ordered to be made to servants and prentices to pay their dues 
to the box. 

A general meeting of the writers appointed for Monday next in the Parliament 
House, for " discovery of abuses." 

James Crawfurd, keeper of the signet, James Allan, and Mr. George Cruick- 
shank give in report of George Mak's account, and of the contents of the box. 

The papers in the box are : — 

1. Bond by Sir Archibald Douglaa of Mains, for 1000 merks: dated 21st 

November 1644. 

2. Assignation of said bond by Thomas M'Awlay to the writers to the 

signet: 18th April 1645. 

3. Decreet of registration of said bond : 10th January 1656. 

4. Homing raised thereon against Archibald Douglas of Spot and Sir 

Eobert Douglas of Blackerstoun. 

5. Bond by Alexander Crichton, in Glenquhikine, etc., for 200 merks : 12th 

July 1636. Eecorded in books of council and session, 10th Jan. 1640. 

6. Assignation of same by Thos. M'Awlay, 13th July 1636. 

7. Bond by John Kello, merchant in the Canongate, for 400 merks. 25th 

July 1645. 

8. Bond by Mr. Alexander Hay, younger, writer, for 500 merks. 4th Nov. 

1635. Eecorded in books of council and session, 5th March 1644. 

9. Assignation thereof by Thomas M'Awlay, 9th Nov. 1635. 

10. Bond by Eobert Kirkwod, W.S., and William, his eldest son, for 300 

merks : 28th June 1638. Eegistered, ut supra, 28th Nov. 1644. 

11. Assignation thereof by Thomas M'Awlay to the writers, 28th June 1838. 



I6S93 ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 283 

George Mak, treasurer, charges himself with £789, 14s. 4d. from Sir Eobert 
Douglas, in part payment of byrun annualrents, and partly from Mark Cas of 
Cockpen. 

29th December. Admission of Daniel Cathcart, son of the late William 
Cathcart of Waterheid, as W.S. 20 merks. 



16 59. 

18th jANtTARY. James Allan appointed treasurer. 

The aforementioned bonds are delivered to the said James Allane, together 
with the following : — 

1. Bond by Robert Pringle, W.S., and John Ker, his brother-in-law, for 

£310, 7s. 8d. Scots, 11th February 1656, with extract of same as 
registered, 24th July 1658. 

2. Bond by John Mackenzie for £20 Scots, due to the box. 

3. Bond by George Mak, late treasurer, for the amount intromitted with by 

him for his own use. 

Mr. George Cruickshank, gave in an exact account of all the ten merks uplifted 
by him from writers' apprentices and servants in August 1658, amounting to 328 
marks, which was now delivered to James Allane, treasurer. The said Mr. George 
declared that, though the act allowed him to retain 5 merks of every 10, he 
should not do so, " for the respect he owes to the weill of the bodie of the calling." 

The said Mr. George also delivered to the treasurer several " tickets " for pay- 
ment of " several other ten merks " for the use of the box, for terms already past, 
which, together with the aforesaid sums, amounted to 908 merks; for all which the 
said James Allane signed receipt, which is also signed by J. Crawford, " I. P. Com." 

18th January, Sederunt, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, Mr. James Cheyne, Mr. 
John Bayne, Mr. Robert Hamilton, Alexander Beaton, James Crawfurd, depute 
keeper of the signet. 

The act for giving up the names of servants, with " ane little paterne of thair 
hand wrytt" revived, also that their dues be paid before the 1st of February. 

Mr. Alexander Forrest, ofiBcer to the writers, having given in a bill before the 
commissioners, " creaving soumes of pley outt of the box for furnishing him with 
cloths, and to tak consideratione of his present povertie," the treasurer is authorised 
to buy clothes for him to the extent of £40 Scots. 

The treasurer is also ordered to pay to Cristiane Watt, spouse to Harie Neillson 
(a poor woman), the sum of £30, 16s. Scots, due to her by the said Mr. Alexander 
Forrest, for meat and drink furnished by her to him. 

James Whyt, son of Antone Whyt, W.S., having several times craved supply, 
the treasurer is ordered to pay him 20s. sterling. 

Marion Cuninghame, relict of William Neilson, writer to the signet, having 
supplicated for some help in her distress, she is allowed for the present 20s. sterling, 
and 4s. sterling per month. 

There is here engrossed a supplication presented by the College of Justice to 



284 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1659 

the commissioners for administration of justice to the people of Scotland, against 
the Provost and Bailies of Edinburgh, against an " exorbitant excyse " imposed by 
them on wine, ale, and beer. 

10th February. Archibald Gibson, W.S., craves supply in his present sickness, 
and receives £20 scots. 

23d February. The " greatest part " of the wiiters to the signet being convened 
in the signet chamber, they appoint a committee to act for them aneut the impost 
on wine, ale, and beer, viz., the commissioners, and also John Wilkie, James 
Crystie, John Eouan, Mr. George Cruickshank, Hew Paterson, and John Muir. 

16th March. Security is appointed to be taken for the amount still due by 
George Mak, late treasurer. 

The dues of prentices and servants still in arrear, to be paid before loth June 
next ; and those who fail to do so, their master shall pay double according to the 
ancient custom ; and none shall be admitted as writers to the signet whose prentice 
dues are still owing. 

Mr. James Cheyn and Mr. David Watsoun compeared to answer to a charge 
of " minassing " one another, and acknowledged there was a discord betwixt them 
in WUliam Dounie's chamber, anent the filling up of a blank paper. The case is 
continued, as the commissioners "could not sitt any longer by reason of their 
uther urgent effaires." 

The said Mr. David Watsoun, being " convened " for writing a bill of general 
declarator upon a gift of escheat, without the Advocate-General's name inserted 
therein, and acknowledging his fault, the case is continued as above. 

Robert Alexander, cited for cutting a summons of reduction, and joining another 
summons of improbation thereto, confessed he had subscribed the former summons, 
but was no way accessory to the cutting of it. 

22d March. Sederunt, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, Mr. Robert Hamilton, Robert 
Hamilton, Mr. John Bayn, Alexander Beatoun, Alexander Leslie, James Crawfurd, 
keeper depute of the signet. 

Mr. David Watson and Mr. James Cheyn, cited for the discord aforementioned, 
and the former only compearing, they are ordered to pay £20 each to the box, and 
in the meantime are suspended till payment be made. 

Mr. George Straitoun, son to the deceased James Straitoun, W.S., craves supply, 
and the treasurer is ordered to lay out £40 for redeeming the supplicant's clothes, 
which he had pledged. 

5th April. — The fine imposed on Mr. David Watson and Mr. James Cheyn is 
modified to 20 merks, to be paid betwixt them equally. 

Archibald Gibson, craving help, is allowed 40 merks by weekly instalments of 
5 merks. 

James Forrest, son to the deceased Mr. Patrick Forrest, advocate, craves help, 
and is allowed 20 merks, payable by 20s. weekly. 

Mr. Patrick Glesfoord, late sherifi" depute of Fife, craves supply, and is allowed 
from the box £20 towards maintenance of himself, his wife and children. 



i66o] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 285 

9th May. The said Mr. Patrick Glesfoord receives a further supply of 20 merks. 

7th June. Archibald Gibson, W.S., " who hes lyu seik this whyll bypast," is 
allowed 5 marks weekly during his sickness, to be paid from 8th May last to the 
15 th of August next, at least. 

2d September. Allowances are made to Mr. Archibald Gibson, W.S., £20 ; 
to Judith Nairne, reUct of Mr. Alexander Carmichael, W.S., £20 j to Bethea 
Maxwell, relict of Thomas Edzer, W.S., £20 ; to Mr. Alexander Forrest, oflBcer to 
the writers, 20 merks. 

1st NovEifBER. On supplication from John Stewart, sometime officer to the 
writers, he is allowed £20. 

In regard of the continued sickness of Archibald Gibson, an allowance of 5 
merks weekly is granted till January next. 

16 60. 

January. In consideration of the " distrest conditioun " of the said Archibald 
Gibson, by reason of his continued sickness " and great povertie," an allowance is 
granted of 4 merks weekly till the 1st of May next; and to Mr. Alexander Forrest, 
their officer, 13s. 4d. weekly till 1st May. 

17th November. Commission is produced by Mr. William Scharpe, keeper of 
his majesty's signet, granted and subscribed by John, Earl of Lauderdale, principal 
secretary of state for Scotland, in favour of " Mr. William Scharpe, keeper deput 
of his majestie's signet, for and under me, James Campbell, John Wilkie, Eobert 
Hay, Robert Hamiltoun, Mr. Robert Hamiltoun, Adam Watt, Mr. James Farquhair- 
sone, Johne Bayne, or any four of them, the said keeper of the signet being always 
one, and sine qua non." 

Mr. Alexander Forrest is admitted as officer during the pleasure of the commis- 
sioners, and is sworn. 

The officer is ordered to warn James Allan, late treasurer, Mr. George Cruick- 
shank, late clerk, and William Ros, late procurator fiscal to the commissioners, 
writers to the signet, in the time of the late usurpers, to appear before the commis- 
sioners on Monday the 1 9th inst., and the said clerk to produce the " Book of 
Register " in his custody. 

Eodem die at 4 o'clock P.M. Admission of John Cunynghame, late prentice and 
servant to James Campbell, W.S. His commission is engrossed at length. 

19th November. The late clerk, treasurer, and procurator fiscal compear in 
obedience to the warning, and the said clerk, having produced the "book and 
register," is discharged thereof, and declared no longer clerk; William Ros is 
discharged of his office of fiscal; and James Allan is admitted treasurer "and 
keiper of the public box " during the commissioners' pleasure, and is sworn. 

Mr. Eobert Hamilton is appointed clerk to the writers. 

The officer is ordered to warn all writers to the signet, and all others pretending 
to be so, during the late usurpation, to be at the meeting of the commissioners 
to-morrow at ten o'clock, in the parliament hall. 

2 O 



286 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1660 

20th November. The commissioners having met, accordingly, and with them 
a great number of other writers, and also of those pretending they had liberty to 
be writers to the signet, during the usurpation, Mr. William Sharp, keeper of 
the signet, as preses, made intimation of the commission recently granted by 
John, Earl of Lauderdale, and in accordance therewith required all of them to 
produce their warrants of admission, and to exhibit them before the said keeper, 
and Mr. Eobert Hamilton, clerk, in the signet chamber on Wednesday the 2 1st 
inst. and on Thursday the 22d, between the hours of nine morning and four afternoon: 
discharging all those not lawfully admitted by the lord's secretaries for the time, 
or by such as had power from his majesty or his royal progenitors, from exercising 
the said office of writer to the signet at their peril. 

Mr. Archibald Law, writer, " ane poor man/' praying for supply, the treasurer 
is ordered to give him three rex dollars, and that without any more to be given 
him hereafter." 

21st and 22d November. The writers admitted between 1608 and 1650, and 
now surviving, produce their commissions, which, being inspected by the said keeper 
and clerk, are minuted and returned to their owners. 



1661. 

15th February. Mr. James Farquharson and John Bayne now accept the 
commission, and are sworn. 

On supplication by Rebecca Logan, relict of Archibald Gibson, W.S., the weekly 
allowance of 2 merks for her and her child, which had fallen in arrear, is ordered 
to be continued as from 1 0th December last, to the 1 st of June next. 

Admission of Mr. David Watsone, sometime prentice and servant to the late 
Harie Osbourne, W.S. His commission is engrossed. 

5th April. Sederunt, Mr. William Scharpe, keeper of the signet, James Campbell, 
Adam Watt, Mr. James Farquhairsone, John Bayne, John Wilkie, Robert Hay, 
James Christie, Mr. Robert Hamiltoun. 

Admission of Mr. George Cruikschank, sometime prentice and servant to John 
Sempill, W.S. 

Katherine Nisbet, relict of George Watsone, W.S., craving help for herself and 
fatherless children, James Chrystie and Mr. Robert Hamiltoun are ordained to 
inquire into her condition, and to report. 

The treasurer is ordered to pay 20s. weekly to Mr. Alexander Forrest, officer, 
till further orders. 

10th April. Admission of Hugh Patersone, sometime prentice and servant to 
Richard Guthrie, W.S. 

Admission of Andrew Young, late prentice and servant to Richard Guthrie. 

11th April. Admission of John Mure, sometime prentice and servant to 
Alexander Douglas, W.S. 



i66i] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 287 

Admission of Mr. William Charters, sometime prentice and servant to the late 
Quintene Kennedy. 

Admission of John Alexander, sometime servant to the late James Tinto, W.S. 

24:th June. Writers on admission are to pay 20 merks to the box, and to the 
clerk 5 merks for their acts of admission. 

The treasurer is ordered "to cause fumische Mr. Alexander Forrest, their 
officer, in clothes and others abulziement to the availl of fourtie pounds Scots," and 
to pay him £12 in payment of all arrears. 

James Campbell and John Bayne are appointed to revise what is in the box 
in money, bonds, or tickets, and to report their opinion thereon, and as to what 
should be done for collecting debts, etc. 

Eobert Hay and James Chrystie are appointed to revise the book and register, 
and to consider and report what acts should be revived and what rescinded. 

Walter Paterson, W.S., being reported on as subscribing letters, etc., although he 
keeps no public chamber, his letters are ordered to be stopped at the signet until 
the keeper speak with him and receive satisfaction. 

Mr. William Sharp, keeper of the signet, James Campbell, and John Bayne, 
W.S., are appointed to speak with Mr. Patrick Brown, presenter of the signatures, 
and earnestly to desire him to receive no signatures to be passed in Exchequer, 
except they be subscribed on the back by a writer to his majesty's signet, as was 
ever the custom. 

A missive letter from the Earl of Lauderdale to the commissioners, commending 
them for their diligence, and promising his assistance towards the correction of 
abuses, is engrossed ; and a thankful reply ordered to be drawn up. 

Eobert Hamilton, one of the clerks of the session, to be warned to appear at the 
next meeting, in reference to his continuing to subscribe signet letters, etc., to the 
prejudice of the calling. 

29th June. Admission of William Eos, sometime prentice and servant to the 
late Hew Eoss, W.S. 

Admission of Mr. William Thomesone, sometime prentice and servant to 
Eobert Alexander, W.S. 

Admission of James Crawfurd, sometime prentice and servant to James 
Campbell, W.S. 

Admission of John Kennedie, lawful son of the late Quintene Kennedie, writer 
to the signet. 

Admission of Archibald Gibson, late prentice and servant to John Eowan, W.S. 

William Eos, W.S., is appointed procurator fiscal to the writers. 

5 th July. Admission of James Johnston, late prentice and servant to Eobert 
Hamilton, W.S. 

8th July. Admission of Alexander Leslie, late prentice and servant to the 
late Mr. Francis Hay, W.S. 

Admission of Mr. John Bayne, sometime prentice and servant to John 
SempUl, W.S. 



288 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1661 

16th July. Admission of John Crawfurd, sometime prentice and servant to 
James Campbell, W.S. 

Admission of Mr. Archibald Nisbet, sometime servant to Mr. Robert Hamil- 
toun, W.S. 

Admission of George Dallas, sometime prentice and servant to Mr. John 
Bayne, W.S. 

Admission of Walter Ewing, sometime prentice and servant to John Sempill, W.S. 

Admission of Walter Stewart, sometime prentice and servant to Mr. William 
Henrysone, W.S. 

Katherine Msbet, relict of George Watson, to receive 10 rex dollars. 

James Campbell and John Bayne, to revise the box. 

The lately admitted writers to be warned to pay each of them to the box 
20 merks. 

Robert Hamilton to be warned to compear before the commissioners on Monday 
next at 10 o'clock, to answer at the instance of their procurator fiscal for writing to 
the signet, now that he is one of the ordinary clerks of the session, and John Nicoll 
elder, Richard Guthrie, George Mack, and Alexander Douglas, four of the old 
writers to the signet, to be advertised to meet with the commissioners to give their 
assistance and advice in the matter. 

23d July. The commissioners having met accordingly, and the four old writers 
with them, and also Arthur Straton and Mr. George Cruickshank, two others of the 
brethren, William Ros gave in the biU of complaint against the aforesaid Robert 
Hamilton, who was ordained to give in his answers in writing on 10th August next. 

7 th August. Admission of Mr. Archibald Menzies, sometime prentice and 
servant to John Semple, W.S. 

4th November. Intimation ordered to be made to the writers to the signet by 
their officer, " that the signet is to be patent to all persones having enteres in the 
tyme of wynter and sommer sessions, from eight houres in the morning to twelve 
houres before noone, and from two houres to sex houres in the efternoone j and in 
tjnme of vacance from ten houres to twelve houres before noone, and from two to 
four houres in the efternoone (the efternoone of everie Satterday, and the forenoone 
of everie Monday being excepted), and if any persone or persones before or efter 
the houres respective abone specifeit sail offer letters to be signeted, the writer to 
his majesty's signet subscryving them must certifie under his hand that necessarlie 
they requyre to be dispatched. 

The acts relating to subscription of letters, and mention of the servant writer 
thereof; also in reference to a register of the handwriting of writers' prentices and 
servants, and against subscribing for absent brethren, renewed. 

The letters of those lately admitted, but who have not paid their admission duty 
of 20 merks, to be stopped till they produce to the keeper of the signet a certificate 
of payment. 

It is ordained that the commissioners meet at the signet chamber on the first 
Monday of each month, at 10 A.M., for " ordering the affaires of the calling." 



i662] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 289 

14th November. Admission of Andrew Aikman, sometime prentice and 
servant to the late Robert Pringle. 

1662. 

6th January. Mr. William Scharpe, keeper of the signet, intimated that it 
was the pleasure of John, Earl of Lauderdale, secretary, that Mr. David Watsone, 
be added to the commission, which was accordingly done. 

Mr. Eobert Hamilton and Mr. David Watsone, appointed to visit the officer, 
Mr. Alex. Forrest, to inquire as to his long absence, the keeper of the signet 
reporting that " he could not have him when he had to doe for wairneing the 
commissioneris to meetings," etc., and that "he had at night latelie found him 
crossing the hie streets without his cloake, and when he asked him what way he 
wanted his cloake, he answered that it wes taken from him." It was also reported 
that the said Mr. Alexander was sick. 

" The whole bodie of the calling " to be warned to meet on the 1 3th inst., so 
that the commissioners may " commoun and speake with the whole brethrene of 
the calling anent the effaires thereof" 

13th January. Within the inner house of the parliament house. 

In the general meeting called as aforesaid, the commissioners with consent of 
the brethren, ordain that any brother who has any overture for " remeid of any 
enormities committed be those in the bill chamber to the prejudice of the calUng or 
their clients," do submit the same to the commissioners in the signet chambers that 
day eight days. 

Mr. Robert Hamilton and Mr. David Watson report anent Mr. Alexander 
Forrest, the officer, "that they saw him lying in bed in the house of Margaret 
Spindie, widow, in Stevenlawes close, and that he affirmed himself to be verie 
sicke ; and that they inquyred at him how it wes that he wanted his cloake which 
he received latelie from the treasurer of the box. He answered that it was taken 
from him for ane old debt ; and the said Margaret Spindie declared that scho con- 
ceaved he had not so much sickeness as lazieness and griefe or shame through the 
want of his cloake, and that he had not risen that his bed micht be made this 
moneth." The commissioners considering " that it was not ane new fault " for the 
said officer to have his cloake taken for debt, and that he " wes ane evill attender 
for dischargeing of the calling," therefore, with consent of the whole brethren, they 
depose the said Mr. Alexander Forrest from the office ; but in the meantime grant 
him an allowance of 1 3s. 4d. weekly. 

Edward Nisbet, writer, having presented supplication to be admitted to the 
place of officer, is appointed and sworn. 

Mr. David Watson is appointed treasurer for one year. 

Mr. James Farquharsone craves discharge of his cautionery in the bond 
granted by the late Mr. Alexander Hay, younger, writer, to the late Thomas 
M'Awlay, treasurer to the writers, for 500 merks, on the ground of his distressed con- 
dition through losses sustained during the last eighteen years. The commissioners 
appoint Mr. Alexander Hamilton and Mr. John Bayne to speak with the said Mr. 
James, and to ask what sum he would give for his discharge, and on their reporting 
that he offered to pay 200 merks, the commissioners, with consent of the brethren, 



290 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET [1662 

agree to grant discharge of the said cautionery, without prejudice to their right to 
sue the heirs of the said Mr. Alexander Hay for the payment of the remainder. 
It is also ordained that hereafter no money be lent from the box to any writer to 
the signet, and that no writer be accepted as cautioner for any other person 
borrowing therefrom. 

Marion Cunynghame, relict of William Neilson, and Judith Nairne, relict of 
Mr. Alexander Carmichaell, craving help, their petitions are referred to the next 
meeting of the commissioners. 

Admission of Daniel Cathcart, sometime servant to the late Robert Wallace, 
Richard Guthrie, and Hugh Paterson, W.S. 

14th January. Admission of George Sibbald, sometime prentice and servant 
to John Lermont, W.S. 

20th January. John Bayne and John Wilkie ordained to speak to Sir 
William Bruce, clerk of the bills, anent faults committed in his chamber. 

James Allan, late treasurer, ordered to give in his accounts and writs belonging 
to the box, to James Campbell and John Bayne for their inspection. 

Lately admitted writers ordered to pay their dues to the box. 

Judith Naime, Beatrix Maxwell, and Marian Cunyngham, suppliants, referred 
to next meeting. 

On supplication by Edward Nisbet, officer, it is recommended that each writer 
pay to him yearly at Handsell Monday, one shilling sterling, as used to be done to 
former officers. 

28th April. All writers admitted by the Earl of Lauderdale warned to pay 
their 20 merks to the box. 

29th April. Admission of Patrick Don, sometime servant to Robert Pringle, 
John NicoU, elder, and Alexander Leslie, W.S. 

7th July. Four commissioners appointed to audit James Allan's accounts. 

The treasurer, Mr. D. Watson, ordered to pay £20 each to Beatrix Maxwell, 
relict of Thomas Edzar, Marion Cunyngham, relict of WiUiam Neilson, and 
Rebecca Logan, relict of Archibald Gibson, and to Judith Naime, relict of Alex. 
Carmichaell, an " indigent seeklie widow having three children," the sum of £24. 

Edward Nisbet, officer, claiming £20 Scots of yearly fee according to use and 
wont, is ordered to make that appear by any former act ; and in the meantime, for 
his good service and present indigence, they grant him 20s. sterling. 

William Eos, the procurator fiscal, is ordered to give in account of what is 
required for extracting a protestation at the instance of the writers against Robert 
Pringle, writer, who has suspended them for a debt due by him to the box. 

4th August. Admission of Mr. William Cheislie, sometime prentice and 
servant to the late John Semple, W.S. 

20th November. Admission of John Alexander, late prentice and servant to 
Robert Alexander, W.S. . >., :, 



i663] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 291 

8th December. Admission of William Lockart, late prentice and servant to 
the late John Semple, W.S. 

1663. 

5th January. The accounts of James Allan, late treasurer, to be audited. 

Mr. William Scharpe delivered to the treasurer £269, 12s. 4d. Scots, received 
from Archibald Douglas of Spott, in payment of interest of principal sum due by 
him to the box up to Martinmas 1661. 

Mr. James Farquharson to be warned to pay the 200 merks promised by him 
for discharge of his cautionery, ut supra, under pain of being proceeded against for 
the principal amount. 

12th January. The college of justice, viz., the advocates, clerks of the 
session, and ■ivriters to his majesty's signet, being convened in the inner parliament 
house, Mr. John Eleis, dean of faculty, intimated that two years since it was agreed 
betwixt him and some other members of the college of justice, and the town council 
of Edinburgh, that the members of said college who had land in Edinburgh should 
only pay therefor three months' cess or stent, viz., two to the behoof of the lords of 
session, and one at the beginning of the uplifting of the excise for supplying the 
deficiency of his majesty's annuity from the excise within the burgh and suburbs, 
which cess was agreed to be paid according to one in the hundred, as it was in 
the time of the late English usurpers ; and therefore the said dean desired that the 
cess should be paid in terms of the agreement. 

The said dean of faculty also represented that Andrew Lothian, merchant in 
Edinburgh, was installed as keeper of the parliament house in the time of " the 
late cessation of administration of justice " by the provost and council of Edinburgh, 
although formerly the appointment belonged to the lords of session. It was there- 
fore ordained that the said Andrew should show his warrant, and if it was found 
to proceed only from the magistrates, he should be dismissed, unless he should 
procure his warrant from the lords of session. 

The dean of faculty desired that some of the advocates, clerks, and writers, be 
nominated to represent to the lord chancellor, lord treasurer depute, and clerk of 
registers, the case of the noblemen and others who were put to the horn for not 
payment of his majesty's feu, blench, and other dues to the exchequer, and were 
debarred from pursuing or defending their causes, and to desire a continuation of 
execution on the grounds therein stated. 

The said dean and members appoint two of their number to wait on the dean 
of guild and town of Edinburgh, to desire them to give warrant that the back seats 
in the loft of the lords of session in the new church of St. Geilles, may every day 
be keeped by the writers' oflScer, as formerly, and that the advocates and writers 
only be permitted to sit there ; and to speak to the provost of Edinburgh, that no 
officer of the burgh or soldier be allowed " to quarter upon or poind any member of 
the college of justice for stent, cess, etc., but only to proceed against them by 
charge and horning. 

2d February. Edward Nisbet, officer, to go through the chambers of the 
writers, and to receive from each a roll of his prentices and servants, and to use his 
endeavour to get them to pay their dues. 



292 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEKS TO THE SIGNET [1663 

Mr. David Watson continued treasurer for a year. 

John Cunynghame, W.S., warned to compear to be spoken with for assuming 
the whole privilege of writing the suspensions passed in exchequer. 

Mr. James Cheyne complains upon Robert Alexander for continuing to act as 
writer to the signet, notwithstanding that he was at the horn and unrelaxed for 
"this many yeirs," contrary to the act of sederunt of 8th November 1609, and for 
other faults. The said Robert to be warned to compear at next meeting. 

Richard Guthrie warned for the same fault. 

Robert Hay is appointed to speak to the magistrates of Edinburgh for redress 
of grievances done by them and their officers against the writers. 

9 th March. William Ros, procurator fiscal, complains against John Cunynghame, 
W.S., for writing all suspensions, etc., in exchequer : ut supra. The said John com- 
pearing, desired that a bill be drawn up against him, and that he should have time 
to answer thereto. Granted. 

Robert Alexander, W.S., compeared to answer to the bill of complaint given in 
by Mr. James Cheyne, but as the latter did not compear, the said Robert protested 
that he should not be held to answer without a new warning. Admitted. 

Mr. David Watson, treasurer, intimated that he had lent out for the behoof of 
the poor of the calling 500 merks, to William Yeaman, advocate, James Montgomery, 
merchant, and Andrew Scott, bookseller, burgesses of Edinburgh, by their bond of 
date, 9th January 1663. 

6th April. The complaint by Mr. James Cheyne against Robert Alexander, 
continued to the first Monday of June next. 

John Cunyngham, to be warned to the first Monday of June. 

Katherine Nisbet, relict of George Watson, to receive £12 Scots from the box. 

The same amount is voted to Beatrix Maxwell, relict of Thomas Edzer, and 
Katherine Edzer, her daughter. 

In both of these cases, the parties are cautioned " to be no farder troublesome 
to them therefore in any tyme coming." 

2d June. Admission of Archibald Marshall, late prentice and servant to Hugh 
Paterson, W.S. 

Accounts of the moneys received and debursed by George Mak, writer, and 
treasurer to the writers' box between 1654 and 1658. 

Discharge in favour of the said George Mak, and of his intromissions. 

A general meeting appointed for Monday the 8th of June. 

8th June. Sederunt, Mr. William Scharp, keeper of his majesty's signet, Mr. 
James Farquharsone, John Bayne, John Wilkie, Robert Hay, Mr. David Watsone, 
and Mr. Robert Hamiltone. 

Absentees are fined " in ane sexpence," to be paid to the officer. 

John NicoU, elder, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, Alexander Leslie, Mr. John Bayne, 
John Cunynghame, and William Ros are nominated to meet, and set down in 
writing such overtures as they think fitting to represent to the secretary for the 
good of the calling. 

It was complained that some of the brethren were appointed writers for the poor 



i663] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 293 

too frequently, and therefore the commissioners and brethren ordain that the lord 
secretary be spoken to, and that he be desired to speak to the lords of session, 
that they nominate none to write for the poor until a list be given in by the keeper 
of the signet and the commissioners, of such of the brethren as they shall judge fit 
to be nominated each year for the poor, so that there may be an equal burden. 

Mr. James Farquharson having again petitioned for relief of his cautionery for 
500 merks due to the box, and offering to pay 100 merks, the commissioners 
and brethren adhere to their previous act thereanent, accepting his offer of 200 
merks. 

A fee of £20 to be paid from the box yearly to the officer. 

Continuation in favour of prentices and servants yet in arrear of their dues, to 
the 15th July next. 

Four of the brethren appointed to represent to Sir William Bruce, clerk of the 
biUs, the abuses in his office. 

A general meeting appointed for Monday next. 

20th July. The answers of the clerk of the bills anent the abuses being found 
unsatisfactory, some of the brethren are again appointed to speak to him to regulate 
his chamber, and the prices taken therein, conforme to the state of matters in the 
time of the late Mr. John Skene, his predecessor. 

The dean of faculty to be spoken to anent the cess and money for the desks in 
the kirks, and other burdens lately imposed by the town. 

Four brethren appointed to represent to the lord register that, as the parliament 
now sitting " ar about the regulating of the book of rates and prices of writts," the 
brethren being concerned therein, may be heard upon the matter by some appointed 
for that purpose. 

The same brethren are to draw up overtures for the good of the calling, to be 
submitted to the lord secretary. 

The treasurer is instructed to deliver to the keeper of the parliament house 
" ane rex dollar for his services and paines," in attending them at their meetings. 

The next meeting appointed for the 27th July inst. 

27th July. The roll called, and absents fined. 

Prentices and servants allowed until the 1st of December to pay their fees. 

Mr. John Bayne and Mr. Robert Hamilton appointed to present the desires of 
the brethren to Sir William Bruce for regulating the bill chamber, and to give in a 
note of the prices exacted in the time of the late Mr. John Skene. 

Report given in of meeting with the dean of faculty anent the cess money for 
the desks in the kirk and other burdens imposed by the magistrates of Edinburgh 
to the effect that the lords of session had appointed two or three of their number to 
speak with the magistrates thereanent, of which no report had yet reached the dean. 

James Chrystie reported that he endeavoured to meet with the lord register 
anent the book of rates, but " could not find him at leasure be reason of his great 
important affaires, both in parliament and session," but promised to do diligence 
still in the matter. 

Judith Nairn, relict of Mr. Alexander Carmichaell, W.S., to receive £24 Scots 
from the treasurer; and two of the brethren are ordained to speak to the kirk 
treasurer, to obtain some supply out of the collections for the said Judith, and that 

2p 



294 THE SOCIETY OF WRITEES TO THE SIGNET [1664 

if not, the writers would withdraw their monthly contribution to the poor of the 
hurgh, as paid by them to the deacons of the kirks. 

Rebecca Logan, widow of Archibald Gibson, to receive £20 Scots. 

Marion Cunynghame, relict of William Neilson, to receive £20 Scots. 

11th September. The members of the college of justice, viz., advocates and 
writers to his majesty's signet, being convened in "the high exchequer house of 
tlie old Tolbooth," to hear and consider the report anent the magistrates' proposal 
to buy from John, Earl of Lauderdale, the citadel of Leith, for £6000 sterling, for 
obviating of the detriment which would arise to the burgh of Edinburgh through 
the inhabitants by the said citadel trafficking and holding markets there ; but in 
consideration of the paucity of the members assembled, the matter is delayed till 
next meeting. 

16th September. The same matter being taken up, the dean of faculty (Mr. 
John Eleis) desired the consent of the advocates and writers to the said purchase 
of the citadel of Leith, by applying £4000 out of the imposition chamber, and 
£2000 from the common good. The advocates and writers give consent on con- 
dition that the magistrates relieve them of all cess upon their lands within the 
burgh of Edinburgh, Canongate, and Leith for the deficiency of the excise of ale, 
beer, and malt brewed and sold within the said burgh and suburbs. 

29th October. Commission by John, Earl of Lauderdale, secretary of state for 
Scotland, in favour of Mr. William Sharpe, keeper depute of the signet, for and 
under the said secretary, John NicoU, elder, James Campbell, Mr. Alexander 
Hamilton, John Bayne, John Wilkie, Robert Hay, Mr. Robert Hamiltoun, James 
Allane, John Cunyngham, Mr. David Watsone, Alexander Leslie, Hew Paterson, 
and Mr. John Bayne, or any five of them, the said keeper of the signet being always 
one, dated at the Friers, 23d October 1663. 

Mr. William Sharp, as keeper, assumed the presidency of their meetings. 

Mr. David Watson is appointed treasurer and keeper of the box for one year. 

Mr. Robert Hamilton is appointed clerk during the will of the commissioners. 

William Ros is appointed procurator fiscal during will. 

Edward Nisbet appointed officer during pleasure. 

Missive letter from the Lord Secretary restricting the number of writers to the 
signet to threescore, etc. Thanks are given for the said letter. 

Mr. William Innes, sometime servant to Mr. James Cheyne, W.S., being com- 
plained upon by George Dunbar of Inchbrock, for receiving money from him for 
passing of a suspension and writing other letters to the signet at his instance, and 
not expeding the same nor re-delivering the money, is warned to compear at next 
meeting. 

166 4. 

1st February. Prentices and servants ordained to pay 10 merks to the box. 

Writers to set down their servants' names, by whom their letters are written, 
and all writers, with their servants and apprentices, to subscribe the book of the 
keeper of the signet. 



i664] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 295 

General ratification of the "acts of the calling," and the particular acts, one in 
1594, relating to the exercise of any particular office by writers to the prejudice of 
their brethren, and the other on 13th February 1613, prohibiting writers from being 
clerks to the crafts, are renewed. 

The commissioners, being informed that Andrew Young, W.S., was endeavour- 
ing to procure for himself the clerkship of the Wrights and masons of Edinburgh, 
and that he was " emboldened " thereto, because Archibald Gibson, W.S., was clerk 
to the tailors of the said burgh, and " yett was not quarreled nor pursewed there- 
fore," ordain the said Archibald Gibson to be pursued before them, and to be 
warned to compear at next meeting ; and the fiscal to speak with Andrew Young 
to desist from seeking the aforesaid clerkship. 

James Allan and Mr, David Watson appointed to speak with Mr. Alexander 
Foulis of Eatho anent a legacy of £100 Scots, by the late Michael Melvill, writer, 
to be paid the box. 

The fiscal to lead apprising against Eobert Pringle, writer, for debt due by him 
to the box. 

Admission of George Colquhoun, sometime servant to George Gruikshank, W.S. 

7th March. John Bayne and Mr. Alexander Hamilton received as commis- 
sioners. 

Archibald Gibson's case continued. 

William Eos, fiscal, reported that apprising was led against Eobert Pringle, and 
that he should now raise letters against the superior for infeftment in the land. 

Three members appointed to revise the accounts of James Allan, late treasurer. 

The treasurer and fiscal reporting that summons of reduction was raised by 
Douglas of Spot of bond granted by the late Sir Eobert Douglas of Spot to the late 
Thomas MAwlay, their treasurer, for 1000 merks, James Allan, Mr. David Watson, 
treasurer, and William Eos are appointed to defend in the action. ^ 

Commissioner again appointed in reference to Michael Melvill's legacy of 
£100 Scots. 

The clerk, Mr. Eobert Hamilton, ordered to inspect the writers' subscriptions in 
the book at the signet chamber, and to remark such as are disconform to the words 
of the act, that they may be rectified. 

Admission of Mr. William Guthrie, late servant to Eichard Guthrie, W.S., upon 
the demission of the said Eichard, his father-in-law. 

Admission of Mr. James Keith, late servant to Mr. James Cheyne, W.S. 

Admission of James Peter, late servant to William Hunter, and other writers to 
the signet. 

10th March. Admission of John Trotter, late prentice and servant to Mr. 
George Trotter, W.S. 

Admission of Hew Wallace, sometime prentice and servant to the late John 
Rowan, W.S., upon the demission of William Hunter, W.S. 

6th June. Supplication ordained to be given in to the lords of session, craving 
that the commissioners for the writers to the signet may be exempted from being 



296 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1664 

appointed as writers to the poor, and that the lords would appoint for that purpose 
such as the commissioners shall oflfer in their turns. The tenor of the supplication 
is recorded. 

The writers for the poor for this year are named, viz., John Crawfurd, Walter 
Stewart, George Sibbald, George Dolless, Andrew Aikman, Mr. William Guthrie. 
The foresaid application refused by the lords. 

Report anent the legacy by Michael Melvill, to the effect that Mr. Alexander 
Foulis of Eatho promised to show at Whitsunday next how much was provided by 
that legacy. 

The treasurer is ordered to employ Mr. Laurence Oliphant, advocate, to be 
advocate for " the calling," in all their " public concernments." 

Lord Borthwick to be charged to infeft the treasurer in Eobert Pringle's lands. 

4th July. The treasurer reports that he had received from Douglas of Spot 
the principal sum of 1000 merks, and had lent it again on bond for behalf of the 
poor of the calling, to Sir WiUiam Baillie of Lamington. 

Former acts anent booking of apprentices and servants, and payment of dues, 
ratified. 

William Wallace, servant to John Cuninghame, charged for 10 merks due to 
the box. 

Mr. Thomas and Hew M'Clures charged for the same. 

Mr. Thomas and Hew M'Clures discharged of their 10 merks due to the box, 
in consideration of their services in writing a process and decreet of apprysing at 
the instance of the treasurer against Robert Pringle of Dewar, for a debt due to the 
poor of the calling. 

The account of William Eos, fiscal, in the same matter to be paid. 

Andrew Angus and William Law, servants to Mr. David Watson, treasurer, are 
discharged of the half of their entrance duty (of 10 merks), in respect of their 
services in writing receipts of the prentices' and servants' fees. 

Judith Nairne, relict of Mr. Alexander Carmichael, being sickly and indigent, 
to receive £24 Scots from the box. 

Eebecca Logan, relict of Archibald Gibson, " ane poore old woman," to receive 
£20 Scots. 

Marion Cunynghame, relict of William Neilson, " ane indigent old woman," to 
receive £20 Scots. 

Discharge by the commissioners to Mr. James' Farquharsone, W.S., of his 
cautionery in bond granted by Mr. Alexander Hay, W.S., to the late Thomas 
M'Awlay, their treasurer, his heirs, etc., for 500 merks, of date 4th November 1634, 
and assigned to the said Thomas M'Awlay in favour of the writers to the signet, 
on 9th November 1635 ; the said Mr. James Farquharsone having now paid the sum 
of 200 merks to the treasurer. Dated 20th September 1664. 

7th November. Mr. David Watson, treasurer, declared that he had lent out of 
the box the sum of 600 merks Scots, to Mr. John Livingston of Greenhill, M.D., 
and Mr. William Livingston of Eigisland, his brother german, upon their bond, 
of date 22d September 1664. 

Complaint by David Ratray, writer in Edinburgh, against William Chalmer, 



1664] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 297 

W.S., for raising letters of inhibition at the instance of the complainer's wife against 
himself, upon a discharge granted by him. The complainer is ordained to produce 
the discharge at next diet. 

A general meeting appointed for Monday next at 10 a.m. 

14th November. Sederunt, Mr. William Sharp, keeper of the signet, John 
Bayne, Mr. Alexander Hamilton, Robert Hay, James Allan, Mr. David Watsone, 
John Cunynghame, Hugh Paterson, Mr. Robert Hamilton. 

Absentees fined in sixpence each, payable to Edward Nisbet, officer. 

The commissioners and whole brethren taking to consideration " that it is ane 
burden and incumbrance to the saids commissioners to subscryve letters and others 
to the signet for all their absent bretherene, and that some of themselves may be 
absent especially in the tyme of vacance," therefore they nominate and appoint 
John Muir, Mr. William Thomson, Mr. William Charters, and James Johnston, to 
be assistant commissioners in subscribing letters, summons, etc., to the signet, for 
their absent brethren who are or shall be furth of the burgh of Edinburgh, upon 
the sight of a warrant from them under their hand writ, until 1 st November next. 

Andrew Rutherfoord, W.S., to be warned to the next diet to answer for the 
following abuses, viz., subscribing letters, etc., to the signet for unfreemen and agents, 
especially for William Hamilton and Mr. James Weir, agents, and sometimes 
subscribing blank sheets of paper to agents to be filled up by themselves, and 
sometimes with three or four lines " of his own hand writ at the beginning of 
summons and als many at the bender end," and subscribing these blanks in the 
body of the summons without containing any proposition or formal conclusion ; and 
giving the same to agents who cut them, and fill up as many sheets of paper therein 
as they please, and when he goes out of Edinburgh leaving blank sheets of paper 
with these agents, to be filled up by them. 

William Chalmer is also warned to answer at next diet for subscribing letters 
for agents, and for " conduceing " with them, and taking yearly pensions from them 
in cumulo for subscribing letters and summonses which they wrote to the signet, and 
especially from Johne Loutfoot, Mr. William and Harie Innes, and John Basillie. 

Robert Alexander, warned for the same fault; also Mr. James Cheyne. 

Archibald Gibson is to be pursued by the fiscal before the commissioners in the 
complaint against him for exercising the office of clerk to the tailors of the burgh, 
and for subscribing letters for John M'Kenzie, and other agents. 

Thomas Dickson warned for subscribing a bill of suspension, written by James 
Chrystie, W.S., at the instance of William Symsone, bailie of Dysart ; which bill 
was written over again by Mr. Andrew Hedderweik, an agent, and then subscribed 
by the said Thomas by " collusion and transactioun " with the said Andrew ; and 
also for subscribing letters for Adam Nisbet, agent. 

It was represented to the commissioners and brethren present, " that ther was 
some difference of the styles amongst the brethren of the calling, especiallie in 
writing of advocatiounes and summondis of generall and speciall declarators, and 
that some writers did insert in advocationes (which was only begun in thir late 
years), ane clause not only dischargeing the inferior judges mentioned in the 
narrative of the advocatioun before Avhom the actioun was perseued, but also 
generallie all others inferior judges within this realme, albeit in former tymes the 
saids writters were only in use to discharge the particular judge or judges whose 



298 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET [1664 

names were speciallie mentioned in the naiTative of the bill ; as also that of late, 
some writters did writt summondis of generall and speciall declarators both in one 
pair of letters, whereas in former tymes they were used to be writtiu in tuo severall 
summondis, and the summonds of speciall declarator used not to be writtin untill 
there had bene ane decreit obtained upon the summonds of the declarator." There- 
fore, the whole brethren present are ordained to take these differences of style into 
their serious consideration, and to think of ways and means for removing them, 
and establishing a uniformity. 

Three of the brethren are appointed to speak with Mr. Alexander Foalis of 
Ratho, anent the legacy by Michael Melvill of £100 to the box. 

It is ordained that the rolls of their prentices' and servants' names, who have 
paid their 10 merks to the treasurer, be compared with their names set down in the 
book kept in the signet chamber, that those who have not yet paid may be known. 

The treasurer is appointed to pay to Andrew Louthian, keeper of the parliament 
house, one rex dollar, and to George Hay, his servant, one shilling sterling, for their 
pains and service. 

Admission of Mr. William Gordon, late prentice and servant to John Baine, W.S. 

166 5. 

27th Februaby. Mr. William Scharp, keeper of the signet, and Robert Hay, 
W.S., are appointed to meet with those of the lords of council and session and 
advocates, appointed to meet for trial of the qualifications of a professor of 
Humanity in the college of Edinburgh. 

7th August. Sederunt, Mr. William Scharp, keeper of the signet, Mr. 
/ Alexander Hamilton, Robert Hay, Mr. David Watson, Mr. Robert Hamilton. 

The -vvidows formerly mentioned get supply from the box, viz., Judith Nairne, 
£24; Rebecca Logan, £16 ; and Marion Cunyingham, £16. 

On supplication of Mr. George Straton, son of the late James Straton, W.S., the 
treasurer is instructed to allow him nine rex dollars to be paid in three instalments. 

Mr. Archibald Law, writer, " ane sicklie poore man," is allowed three rex dollars 
from the box. 

1 6th August. Admission of James Carnegie, late servant and prentice to 
James Allan. 

3d November. Sederunt, Mr. William Sharp, keeper of the signet, Robert 
Hay, James Allan, John Cunynghame, Mr. David Watson, Hugh Paterson, 
Mr. Robert Hamiltoun. 

Mr. William Sharp intimates that Sir Robert Sinclair, advocate, dean of faculty, 
had appointed a meeting of certain of the advocates to take place that day at 
7 o'clock p.m., in the dwelling-house of Andrew Caddell, vintner, in Edinburgh, to 
consult on certain overtures to the lords of session for redress of the " enormities " 
committed by Sir William Bruce and his servants in the bill chamber. The 
commissioners therefore appoint Robert Hay, James Allan, and Mr. Robert 
Hamilton to attend at said meeting to hear the proposals of the advocates. 

The commissioners appoint John Cunynghame, to "pass to the personall 



1666] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 299 

presence of Sir William Bruce, clerk of the bills, and to inform him of the aforesaid 
meeting." 

Same day at 7 p.m. The three brethren appointed to meet with the advocates, 
being interrogated by the dean of faculty anent the " enormities " in the bill chamber, 
replied " that they had not fuUie considered upon the said enormities by reasoune 
of ther sudden advertisement." The dean therefore desired them to meet with the 
keeper of the signet, and the other commissioners, and to draw up a note upon the 
subject to be presented by him to the president and remanent lords of session. 

6th November. The commissioners appoint Mr. William Henderson, John 
Cunynghame, Hugh Paterson, and Alexander Leslie, to speak to Sir William Bruce, 
" and to present to him the saids enormities and propositions and demands of the 
saids writers, and to deall with him freiudlie " anent the rectifying of the enormities 
and granting the demands. 

Commission is renewed to the three brethren formerly appointed to meet with 
the dean of faculty and the other advocates, anent the enormities. 

Mr. William Henderson, Eobert Hay, Hugh Paterson, and James Allan are 
appointed to draw up an act for "binding and restraining" the brethren from 
subscribing letters, etc., for agents and unfreemeu. 

8th November. The commissioners appoint Mr, William Sharp, keeper of the 
signet, or Mr. Robert Hamilton, or either of them, to meet with the commissioners 
of the lords of session and advocates appointed to meet for examination and trial 
of a professor of Humanity in the college of Edinburgh, and to vote in his election. 

166 6. 

4:th January. Mr. William Sharp having produced a " writ or paper contain- 
ing the enormities committed in the bill chamber, consideration thereof is deferred 
to the meetting of the whole bretheren," on Monday next at 10 a.m. 

An act is ordained to be drawn up giving power to the " procurator fiscal of the 
calling," to refer to the oaths of the delinquent brethren their subscribing of letters, 
etc., for agents and unfreemen, where probation by writ is deficient. 

8th January. The commissioners " and ane gi'eat number " of the other 
writers to the signet, having met in the outer house of the parliament or new 
session house, and having called the roll, the absents " who were not excused," viz., 
John Hamilton, Mr. William Thomson, Alexander Leslie, Patrick Done, Mr. William 
Gordon, and James Carnegie, are fined in one shilling sterling each, to be paid to 
the officer, and their letters to be stopped until payment be made. 

John Bayne having been admitted to the office of sheriff clerk of Berwick, is 
suspended from writing to the signet. 

William Lockhart, having been admitted commissary of Lanark, is suspended 
from writing to the signet. 

The commission for drawing up an act against transgressors of the acts by 
subscribing for agents, etc., is renewed. 

James Allan and Mr. William Charteris are appointed to convene with those 



300 THE SOCIETY OF WEITEES TO THE SIGNET [1666 

of the town council anent the regulating of the annuity imposed upon "house 
maills " within the burgh. 

Admission of Walter Douglas, son of the deceased Alexander Douglas, writer to 
the signet. 

2 2d January. General meeting, absents fined in one shilling sterling. 

Mr. AVilliam Henderson, John Mure, Mr. William Thomsone, Mr. William 
Charteris, James Johnstone, and George Dallas, are appointed assistants to the 
commissioners in subscribing letters, summonses, etc., for absent brethren, on their 
warrant under their own hands, and that for the year ensuing. 

George Dallas is appointed procurator fiscal. 

Two rex dollars ordered to be given to Andrew Lothian, keeper of the parlia- 
ment house, and to George Hay his servant, half a rex dollar. 

William Lockhart is reponed to the office of writer to the signet, and the pro- 
curator fiscal ordered to raise a libel against him before the commissioners for 
exercising his office while he was commissary of Lanark, which the said William 
declared he was willing to answer. 

On supplication of Catherine Nisbet, relict of George Watson, craving a quarterly 
pension to be allowed to her, "and her fyve poore fatherles childrene," the com- 
missioners and whole brethren modify and allow to her a quarterly allowance of 
£12 Scots. 

The commissioners and " whole bodie of the writers to his majestie's signet," 
being convened in the outer house, "it was represented by the procurator fiscaU and 
some of the brethrene, as it had been at former meetings, that albeit there wes an 
act made upon the fourt day of November 1661, whereby for preventing and 
restraineing the subscryveing of lettres, summonds, precepts, and others written by 
unfreemen and their servands, to the prejudice and indignitie of the calling, it wes 
enacted that no yrritter wald subscryve for unfreemen, and that everie writter 
sould in a book at the signet cause all their servands subscryve by their hand writt 
and subscriptioun that they were actual servands or prenteises to such a writter, 
and that the writter sould declare them to be his servands, and at every sub.scrip- 
tioun of letters and others sould subjoyne that such letters were written by such a 
servand or prenteis as did wryte them, notwithstanding quherof diverse of the 
brethrene hes most unordourlie frustrat the said act, and the good and benefite the 
calling, intended by it, in so far as it was affirmed that some of the brethrene did 
colour unfreemen by taking them or their servands in their chambers, and by booking 
and owneing them as if they were their own servands and prenteises, and that others 
booked and owned unfreemen's servants resideing not in the wryters' chambers bot 
in their own maisters' chambers, by which their maisters and they brooked the 
benefite of priviledged wryters, and that others did also unjustlie abuse the calling 
by conducing with agents, clerks, servands, old prenteises, notars, and others, to wryte 
or subscryve all their imployments promiscuouslie during ane sett tyme for base 
pensions or base and naughtie pryces, to the reproach, mine, and contempt of the 
calling : as lykeweyes it wes represented that the wryters wer sometymes abused by 
their own servands, who either in their maisters' absence, or pretending that their 
maisters were absent, did procure subscriptiounes to lybelled sumondsis and others, 
and defrauds their maisters of the benefite thairof ; and the saids commissioners and 
whole bretherene being desyrous to remove these practices and disorders, they 



1666] ABSTEACT OF MINUTES 301 

therefore, by virteu of the power and auctoritie committed to them by the lord 
secretarie, with consent of there whole bretherene, prohibite and discharge all and 
everie one of the wryters to his majestie's signet to acknowledge or owne any 
persone or persones whatsoever as their servands or prenteises, bot such only as in 
verie deid and trueth, without all fraud and collusioun, ar their reall and actuall 
prenteises and servands, actuallie reseiding and wryting in their chambers, whose 
wryting and imployments, whither come in by themselfs or their maisters, redounds 
whollie to the profile and benefite of their maisters, except the usual drink-money ; 
and lykwayes discharges and prohibites all the saids wryters and everie one of them 
to mak any pactiounes and bargaines with any agents, clerks, servands, notars, and 
others, dependers on the college of justice, or any in their names, for wryting of thek 
imployments during any sett tyme for pensiounes, or at base and naughtie pryces 
beneath the ordinarie pryces now in use, to the prejudice and contempt of the 
calling : and sicklyik prohibites and discharges all the wryters that they nor any 
of them except commissioners and such as ar authorized to assist them in suppleing 
the absence of any of their bretherene, presume to subscry ve for any absent brother ; 
and that no commissioner, or other authorizet, sail upon occasion or pretence of a 
brotheres absence subscryve any lettres or summondis for him, unles his servand who 
presents them have a written warrand from the absent maister particularlie directed 
to any on or two, and not exceeding that number in the directioun, and that the 
subscryver keepe ane note of what he subscryves, and delyver it to the absent 
brother upon his returne, that he may call his servands to ane accompt : with certi- 
ficatioun to all such as transgresse and contravene any pairt of the premisses, they 
sail pay for the first fault to the thesaurer of the calling, for the use of the poore 
thereof, the soume of fouxtie pounds Scotts money, and for the second fault sail be 
depryved from their oflSce simpliciter : and for the more efiectuall and vigorous 
executioun of this act, it is of consent of the whole bodie declared that it sail be 
leisum to the procuratour fiscall in all complaints to be founded upon the contra- 
vention and breach of this act, to referre the samen to the delinquent's oathes of 
veritie, when he wants other probatioun ; and that they being lawfuUie cited by the 
ordinar ofiicer personally apprehended to compeir before the commissioners to answer 
to the complaint, and failzie to compeir, or compeiring refuse to depone and purge 
themselves by their oathes, which oath they of their owne consents heirby allowes 
the commissioners to administer, they sali)e holden as confest, which sail be als 
sufficient as if the complaint wer proven be writt or witnesses : and ordaines all the 
present wryters presentlie to subscryve this act in testimonie of their assent and 
submissioun thereto, and that all the intrant wryters subscryve the same at there 
admissioun, that it may have perpetuall observance as that which so much concemes 
the good and weell of the calling, and ordaines that everie wryter have ane coppie 
of thir presents under the clerk's hand affixed publickUe in there chambers that 
they nor there servands may pretend no ignorance heirof. 

{The signatures follow, covering three pages.) 

6th July. Complaint is made by George Dallas, procurator fiscal, against 
Thomas Dicksone, writer, to the efi"ect that the keeper of the signet had intercepted 
a signature of the laird of Wedderburn's, and a precept thereon, both subscribed 
by the said Thomas, written by Alexander Home, whom the said Thomas calls his 

2 Q 



302 THE SOCIETY OF WEITERS TO THE SIGNET [1666 

servant, but who is not so, but servant to Adam Nisbet, an unfreeman : and also that 
the signature and precept were " absurdlie unformall." The documents being pro- 
duced, and the said Alexander Home confessing himself to be servant to Adam 
Nisbet only, who dictated the signature and precept, the commissioners deprive the 
said Thomas Dicksone during their pleasure, and fine him in £40 Scots. 

Andrew Aikman, Archibald Marshall, and Mr. William Gordon, being informed 
against for transgressing the last act by writing letters at " too mean a rate, viz., at 
sixpence the pair, drinksilver and all," are to be cited to next meeting. 

Marion Cunynghame, relict of William Neilson, having craved supply, is allowed 
£16 Scots from the box. 

17th July. Mr. William Gordon having compeared and confessed writing a 
"pair of letters" to the signet, the bill being written by John M'Kenzie, an unfree- 
man, is rebuked, and forgiven, and assoilzied from a charge of receiving a number of 
young men who were not his servants. 

Andrew Aikman is assoilzied from the charge of subscribing letters to James 
Cranstoun at sixpence the pair. 

The case of Archibald Marshall, accused of similar faults, is continued. 

George Sibbald, also accused of writing letters at "mean and base prices," is 
assoilzied. 

George Colquhoun, charged with subscribing signatures written by unfreemen, 
and especially a precept upon a signature written by Mr. George Cruiekshank in 
favour of the Earl of Perth or Sir John Drummond, having denied the charge and 
made explanation, is assoilzied. 

On supplication by Thomas Dicksone to be reponed to his oflSce, the commis- 
sioners declare that they would consider the same when he should pay the fine of 
£10 due to the box. 

Edward Nisbet, officer, craves "some gratuitie and reward furth of the saids 
wryters ther box, attour his ordinar fie, for his extraordinarie panes taken be him 
in frequent warnings of the bretheren to meittings, and in going throw the saidis 
wryters ther chalmers " with the extract of the act made for repressing the enor- 
mities, etc. The commissioners order the treasurer to pay him 20 merks, and 
promise to take his condition into further consideration when they should receive 
from the treasurer an account of his diligence. 

Judith Nairne, relict of Mr. Alexander Carmichael, is allowed £24 Scots. 

25th July. Thomas Dickson, having paid his fine of £40, craves to be reponed, 
and is allowed in the meantime to subscribe letters, etc., until next meeting, pro- 
viding that the letters be written by his own servants ; but the commissioners 
declare that the indenture between him and Alexander Home shall not be respected, 
because since the date thereof the said Alexander constantly served Adam Nisbet, 
agent. 

Eebecca Logan, relict of Archibald Gibsone, is allowed £20 from the box. 



16 67. 

28th January. James Hog, wTiter, "ane poor indigent seicklie man," craving 
" some charitie " for himself " and his poore wyfe and children," is allowed 20 merks. 



i667] ABSTRACT OF MINUTES 303 

The commissioners approve of payments by the treasurer, namely, of a certain 
sum " to ane poor woman in Edinburgh quhair umquhill Mr. Alexander Forrest, 
wryter, late officer to the saids wryters, lodged, for candle furnished be her to him 
the time he wes a deying; " and five rex dollars, amounting to £14, 10s. Scots, for 
the burying of the late Rebecca Logan, relict of Archibald Gibsone. 

1st February. On supplication by Isabella Measlet, relict of Robert Neill, 
W.S., for some " supplie " for herself and children, the commissioners grant a pension 
of £24 Scots yearly, to be paid by quarterly instalments. 

6th June. The officer is ordered to " go through the wryters to his majestie's 
signet ther chambers," and to " tak up ane list " of their prentices and servants. 

7th June. Admission of John Mack, only son of the deceased George Mack, 
writer to the signet. 

11th June. The whole brethren to be warned to compear in the signet 
chamber to-morrow at eight o'clock in the morning, and to bring with them a list of 
the "trewactuall and reall servands who reallie wrytts in ther owin chambers," 
imder pain of suspension. 

12th June. Sederunt, Mr. William Sharp, keeper of the signet, Robert Hay, 
James Allan, John Cuninghame, Mr. David Watsone, Hugh Patersone, Mr. Robert 
Hamiltoun, and a great number of the brethren. 

The roll is called, and absents are suspended, viz., John Hamiltoun, Alexander 
Beatoun, John Muire, Walter Stewart, and Mr. James Keith. 

Thomas Dicksone is suspended for subscribing letters for agents and unfreemen. 

William Chalmers, complained upon by George Dallas, iiscal, for giving up in 
his list of his servants and prentices the names of divers persons who were not his 
" own actuall servands trewlie receiding in his chamber," and for subscribing letters 
for his servants at meaner prices than ordinary, denied the charge, and the case is 
continued. 

The commissioners and brethren appoint Mr. Robert Hamiltoun, Mr. William 
Thomson, and Andrew Young to visit the chambers of the writers to the signet, and 
to inquire as to any abuses and enormities. 

A general meeting of the " whole bodie " of the writers is ordained to be held 
" everie Wednesday in the moneth," and every absent brother not lawfully excused, 
to pay one shilling sterling to the treasurer of the box. 

Mr. William Sharp, keeper of the signet, the whole other commissioners, and 
Mr. William Thomsone, Mr. William Charters, and George Dallas, and any other 
of the brethren that pleases, are appointed to go to the lord president of the 
session, and to desire him to give justice to James Chrystie, writer to his majesty's 
signet, in his complaints pursued by him before the lords of session, against Walter 
Borthwick, one of the bailies of Edinburgh, for " ane ryot committed be him against 
the said James, in causing of ane of the toune officers brash the said James his door 
of his hous, violentlie break it up, and apprehend him and put him in thair tolbooth, 
and that ther may be ane act of sederunt that no wrytter shall be taken heireafter 
hot be captione, nor be poynded bot be his majestie's letters of poynding." 



304 THE SOCIETY OF WRITERS TO THE SIGNET [1667 

10th July. The commissioners and a great number of the other writers being 
convened in the outward house of the parliament, the roll is called, and absents 
fined one shilling sterling, namely, Mr. Alexander Hamiltoun, John Cunynghame, 
Hugh Patersone, and James Carnegie. 

John Hamilton, and the others who were suspended for absence from the 
previous meeting, are reponed. 

James Allan, Alexander Beatoun, and Mr. William Charters are ordained to 
visit Thomas Dicksone, who is sick, and " to trye if he hes any proper imployment 
of his owen," and to subscribe his letters, which shall be written by two of his 
servants. 

Mr. David Watson, treasurer, reported that he had used execution against Sir 
William Baillie of Lamington, Kt., and his cautioner, for the principal sum of 1000 
merks, due to the writers' box by his bond ; and that Sir William offered to pro- 
cure a bond of corroboration thereof from Sir Adam Blair of Lochwood, one of his 
majesty's writers, and to pay the interest due as at Whitsunday last. This was 
approved by the commissioners, and the treasurer commended for his diligence. 

The treasurer is appointed to deliver to Walter Cunynghame, keeper of the 
parliament house, one rex dollar and a half for himself and George Hay, his servant, 
for their pains and service in attending the commissioners and brethren at their 
meetings. 

Marion Cunyngham, relict of William Neilson, is allowed £16 out of the box. 

17th July. Sederunt, Mr. William Sharp, keeper of the signet, Mr. Alexander 
Hamilton, James Allan, Mr. David Watsone, Hugh Paterson. 

Mr. William Sharp is nominated commissioner for the writers to meet with 
those of the lords of council and session and advocates, for the trial of a professor of 
humanity in the college of Edinburgh. 

7th August. Sederunt, Mr. William Sharp, keeper of the signet, Mr. Alexander 
Hamilton, Robert Hay, Mr. David Watsone, Mr. Robert Hamiltoun, with a great 
number of the brethren. 

The absents not excused are Mr. William Hendersone, James Chrystie, John 
Cunynghame, James Johnstoun, Walter Stewart, George Colquhoun, John Trotter, 
Hugh Wallace, and James Carnegie, who are ordained to pay a fine of one shilling 
sterling to Edward Nisbet, the ofiicer. 

The brethren appointed to visit Thomson Dickson reported that he was re- 
covered of his sickness, and able to subscribe letters ; and that he gave them a note 
of two of h